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January 04, 1946 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1946-01-04

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U' RECONVERSION
ROUNDUP
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FOGGY AND MILD
LIGHT DRIZZLE

VOL. LVI, No. 42 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, FRIDAY, JANUARY 4, 1946

PRICE FIVE CENTS

REPORT TO

THE NA TION:

Truman Asks Public

To Demand Action

Western Electric

Strike

Presages.

Telephone Tie-Up
UAW Pickets Block Entry to GM Plant;
Stamford Workers In Demonstration
By The Associated Press
NEW YORK, Jan. 3-Western Electric Company employes in 21 met-
ropolitan area plants quit work today in a wage dispute presaging a possible
tie-up of the nation's telephone service.
The independent unions which called the strike are affiliated with the
National Federation of Telephone Workers (Ind.), which claims about 260,-
000 paying members. The federation has asked affiliated unions to author-
ize a sympathy strike, but it will be 10 days before a poll can be completed.
A strike by the federation would affect some 450,000 Bell Telephone"^System
employes.

Legislation Urged
To Curb Strikes,
Insure JobsforA i
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON, Jan. 3 - President Truman tonight
appealed directly to "the most powerful pressure group in the
world" - the American people - to put the heat on Congress
for strike-control legislation and other measures which he said
are designed to avert economic "disaster."
Handfuls of men on strategic 'Congressional committees,

Navy Musical1
Tickets WillGo
On Sale Today
'Anchors Aweigh' To
Be Given Wednesday
Tickets for the Navy musical com-
edy, "Anchors Aweigh," which will be
presented at 8 p.m. Wednesday in Hill
Auitorium, go on sale today in the1
Union and the League.E
Featuring Naval personnel ana
coeds, the comedy concerns the trials
and tribulations of a sailor desiring
to return to civilian life as soon as
possible. In a train trip across the
country he encounters 12 blondes,j
three red-heads and a representative
of the spirit worId:.
While in New York City, the hero,
after his discharge, visits an exclu-
sive night club and is entertained by
stars in the entertainment world.
Students who portray these enter-
tainers have actually appeared in
productions in Boston, New York,
Chicago and Hollywood.
Directing the show, which is now
in itsfinal rehearsal stages, is Carl
Hemmer. George Hawkins, whose
Navy Dance band will furnish music
for the comedy, Bob Shafer, producer,
and Lyle Schrum, heading the ticket
committee complete the list of pro-
moters for the show which was writ-
ten by several Navy men.
Members of the Navy chorus, who
recently have sung at the Christmas
Party in Hill Auditorium and partici-
pated in holiday serenading, will also
be included in the program.
Maddy Raps
Petrillo Ban of
Foreign Music
"This latest ban of Petrillo's has
aroused the indignation of the Ameri-
can public against dictatorial tactics
and racketeering within unions," Dr.
Joseph E. Maddy, professor of radio
music declaied, commenting on the
AFM president's order which prohib-
its the broadcast of foreign music.
Dr. Maddy, founder and director of
the National Music Camp at Inter-
lochen, and conductor of the Ann
Arbor Civic Orchestra, has been fight-
ing the dictatorship of Petrillo since
July, 1942. The AFM president's ban
of non-commercial radio programs
from Interlochen at that time was
backed by the threat of a strike by
-all union musicians serving radio sta-
tions in the United States.
Dr. Maddy noted that Mr. Petrillo
had called the promotion of music
in public schools through bands and
orchestras detrimental: "School sup-
erintendents have gone crazy in pro-
moting all that school music; they
are all murderers," the AFM presi-
dent declared in 1942. The question
in everybody's mind now, Dr. Maddy
said, is "What are we going to do
about Petrillo?"
He cited the so-called "election" of
Mr. Petrillo by AFM members to the
presidency of the musicians' union
as the beginning ofhis "muscling in"
on the union's policies. Since his

Detroit, Jan. 3 - A reinforced
picketline of CIO-United Auto Work-
ers strikers prevented non-strikers
from entering the transmission di-
vision plant of General Motors here.
Stamford, Conn., Jan. 3-Union
workers in nearly.all of Stamford's
industries left their jobs briefly this
afternoon to stage a mass demon-
:ration outside a conference room
where disputing parties in the Yale
and Towne Manufacturing Company
strike haggled throughout the day
but got nowhere.
Federal Conciliator William Gas-
ton reported tonight that his plan for
ending the nine-week-old strike had
been rejected by the company.
Washington, Jan. 3-The 50,000
AFL employes of Western Union
Telegraph outside of New York City
were reported today to be voting in
favor of calling off a strike scheduled
for Jan. 7. The strike was scheduled
to protest a War Labor Board order
granting a four-cent hourly increase
which the union considered inade-
quate but which has since been in-
creased to 12 cents.
Washington, Jan. 3-The Labor
Department declared today that, if
mediation and fact-finding failed,
government seizure would be a last
resort in avoiding a tie-up in the
meat packing industry.
Scholarships
Offered Vets'
Sons by Legion
Ten scholarships. in the amount of
$150 each will be awarded to sons of
honorably discharged veterans of
World War I and II during the next
school year by the Michigan Depart-
ment of the American Legion.
The awards will be based on schol-
arship, merit and financial need to
continue education, Wilbur M.
Brucker, chairman of the American
Legion Scholarship Committee said.
The applicant's father need not be a
member of the American Legion, but
his application must be investigated
by the American Legion Post of his
community.
Applications must be made by May
31. A committee of five, appointed by
the department commander of the
American Legion, will make the se-
lections on or before June 15.
Application blanks may be pro-
cured by writing to Mr. Brucker, 602
Barlum Tower, Detroit 26.
Negotiations Fail To
End Hoover Strike
No break came yesterday in the
seven week old Hoover Bearing Co.
strike involving 500 workers when
company and union representatives
met with a U. S. Conciliator here.
Negotiations between management
and Local No. 38, UAW-CIO will be
continued today, it was announced.
Film To Be Presented
"Escape from Yesterday," starring
Jean Gabin and Annabella, will be
presented at 8:30 p.m. today and to-
morrow in the Lydia Mendelssohn
Theatre under the sponsorship of

UNION OFFICIALS CONFER . . . Lewis J. Clark (second from right), international president, confers with
other union officiais in Chicago after announcing a nation-wide strike of the CIO-United Packinghouse
Workers of America has been called for Jan. 16. Left to right: Frank Ellis, vice-president; Lyle Cooper, re-
search director; Clark; and Edward F. Roohe, secretary-treasurer.
AVC Group Studies Current Labor Disputes;
Data on Available Housing To Be Compiled

Discussion Series
Plans Announced
As the first of several series of dis-
cussions to be conducted by the local
American Veterans Committee chap-
ter on matters with which veterans
are greatly concerned, Chairman Vic-
tor Baum spoke and led a panel dis-
cussion on current labor disputes at
the organization's meeting last night
at the Union.
Panels are being organized tocol-
lect information on such topics as
full employment, national health in-
surance and international organiza-
tion. They will present data and
conclusions at a series of discussions
to be held on these and other sub-
jects.
After these programs have been
concluded and experts called in to
present further information and
opinions, the organization will decide
on appropriate recommendations for
action by Congress, the President or
national or state officials concerned.
Mr. Max Dresden, of the physics
department, will present the first of
a series of talks on atomic bomb pol-
icy at 7:30 p.m. Thursday at the Un-
ion. Visitors are invited to this
meeting.
Further discussions are being
Two-Headed
Baby Is Dead
BIRMINGHAM, England, Jan. 3-
())--A two-headed baby girl born New
Year's Day to the English wife of an
American soldier died at 7:05 p.m.
tonight (2:05 p.m. EST), after 50
hours and 35 minutes of life.
The infant, which weighed five
pounds, 12 ounces at birth, had been
kept alive since 4:30 p.m. Tuesday
by constant administration of oxy-
gen, and physicians had held scant
hope for its survival.

planned for the series on labor dis-
putes. Experts and spokesmen for
labor and management will be in-
vited to these meetings.
A national AVC convention has
been scheduled for March 22 to 24 in
Des Moines, Ia. The Ann Arbor chap-
ter will send delegates to this assem-
blage which will determine national
policies and procedures for the or-
ganization.
Wyatt Wants
To Get 'More
Houses Quickly'
WASHINGTON, Jan. 3-(IP)-Wil-
son W. Wyatt, Jr., the nation's new
housing expediter, today declared his
job is to get "more houses quickly"
and to see that their prices are
"within reach of the returning vet-
eran."
Wyatt, former mayor of Louisville,
Ky., told reporters he had been as-
sured the full support of President
Truman, Reconversion Director John
W. Snyder, and the latter's staff, in
backing up any proposed changes in
legislation or federal regulations he
feels necessary to cope with the
housing crisis.
Working in a nearly bare office and
without a telephone, Wyatt disclosed
he already had conferred with Sny-
der and arranged a conference Sat-
urday morning with the heads of
more than half a dozen agencies con-
cerned with the housing problem.
JGP Meeting
Members of the central commit-
tee, and the singing, dancing, and
dramatic casts of Junior Girls Play
will meet at 5:15 p.m. today at the
League. The room will be posted
on the board in the League lobby.

Volunteers Needed
For Canvass of City
The special housing committee
sponsored by the Ann Arbor Common
Council, AVC and VO is organizing
a house-to-house investigation of all
housing units in the city in order to
centralize information on available
quarters for veterans.
Victor Baum, chair ian of AVC,
emphasized that "this work is of
vital importance, in view of the pres-
ent local housing shortage. More
volunteers are urgently needed for
the canvass. A special appeal is made
to wives and mothers of veterans,
since the work is being done for the
veterans' benefit."
The compiled information will be
made available at the local armory
for both local veterans and those at-
tending the University."
Persons interested in helping on
the investigation should contact Miss
Bader at the armory, Victor Baum,
or Warren Wayne, secretary of the
Veterans Organization.
Annapolis Gets
Aviation Dept.
Midshipmen To Learn
Air Power Import
ANNAPOLIS, Md., Jan. 3 -(P)- In
a move to teach Naval Academy mid-
shipmen the significance of air pow-
er, Vice Admiral Aubrey W. Fitch,
superintendent, announced today the
establishment of an aviation depart-
ment at the school.
Admiral Fitch, the first Naval avia-
tor to become Academy superinten-
dent, declared, "It is of the utmost
importance that every officer of the
leet, whether he be on a submarine, a
battleship or whatnot, shall be fully
acquainted with how the air arm
operates."
Captain Charles L. Westhofen, USN
was named acting head of the new
department, pending arrival of Capt.
Robert B. Pirie, who will be in charge.
The department head will super-
vise correlating the various aviation
subjects which have been a part of
the middies' training for more than
20 years.
Seniors May Order
Graduation Cards
Orders for graduation announce-
ments for February graduates in all
schools will be taken from 9 a.m. to
noon and from 1 to 3 p.m. today,
Monday, and Tuesday, outside Rm. 2
University Hall.

he said, have stymied action onr
to steer the nation between the dang
the goal of "full production and full
In a "fireside chat" from the W
tell your public servants your own v
facing the country."
He emphasized that he wanted no
if Congress doesn't like his program, i
"What the American people want
is action," he declared.
He led off with a demand for legis-
lation setting up fact-finding boards
for major industrial disputes. Strikes,
would be barred for 30 days while
the boards, equipped with power to
examine employers' books, made their
inquiry.
He also urged anew the so-called
"Full Employment" bill, greater un-
employment compensation, extended
authority to impose price controls, a
permanent Fair Employment Prac-'
tices Commission, and higher mini-
mum wages.
Mr. Truman spoke up once more
for comprehensive scientific research
legislation, universal military train-
ing, a health and medical care pro-
gram, an "adequate salary scale" for
government employes, the develop-
See TRUMAN, page 2
Chinese Accept
Gen. Marshall
As Mediator
Generalissimo Accused
Of Launching Invasion
CHUNGKING, Jan. 3 - Chinese
Communists accepted today Chiang
Kai-Shek's plan to use Gen. George
C. Marshall as a medlator but
charged the Generalissimo had un-
leashed a large-scale invasion of
strategic Jehol province even as he
talked of peace.
They said Government troops had
burst as much as 30 miles into the
northern province from western
Manchuria at two points on a 75-mile
front, seizing the railway cities of
Fusin and Chaoyang.
Government Announces Cities' Capt
The government which previously
had announced capture of both cities,
asserted its troops simply were tak-
ing over the province, lying between
Monchuria and strong Communist
positions in Inner Mongolia, and that
the Communists had no strength in
the whole area.
A Communist spokesman at Yenan
headquarters claimed, however, that
Communist arms had liberated both
Fusin and Chaoyang from the Jap-
anese; styled the government inva-
sion "wholly unjustified," and ad-
mitted that the situation for his
forces in Jehol had taken "a very
serious turn."
While neither side spoke of any ac-
tual large-scale fighting in Jehol,
the Yenan spokesman declared that
"if they do not stop their offensive
and evacuate their troops any further
developments will be their responsi-
bility."
Communists Agree to Plan
The Jethol dispute took on explo-
sive properties just as the Commun-
ists were announcing here that they
had agreed in general with Chiang's
New Year's Eve plan for a halt to
hostilities.
This plan calls for Marshall to act
as a member of a committee of three
ment and Communist representatives
to work out procedure for a cessation
of the fighting and the restoration of
railway communications.

his legislative program designed
ers of inflation and deflation toward
employment."
hite House, he urged the people "to
iews concerning the grave problems
quarrel with Congress, but said that
t should formulate one of its own.
* -1
Representatives Comment
WASHINGTON, Jan. 3-(P)-Here
were the reactions of three Michigan
Congressmen to President Truman's
speech tonight:
. Rep. Wolcott: "Most members of
Congress will be in agreement with
the President's objectives, but there
is controversy on the way these ob-
jectives can be attained. There is no
question but that Congress should
continue pricecontrolsnas long as
necessary, but at the same time. we
may have to write new standards to
prevent the Administration from
abusing the pricing powers. We do
not want to see them used to social-
ize industry."
Rep. Hook: "He should streamline
the Labor Department in order to
make it useful. You can talk until
the cows come home but unless this
is done strife will remain. Fact-find-
ing boards will not do it."
Rep. Michener: "Adi c is one
thing, dictation is rmthin else.
The Presiden sho~2ct not overlook
the fact that Cogres is- rst onsible
to the people. When h eind s fauli
with the Rules Committee h should
not forget that there are eght rmem-
bers of his own party and only four
Republicans on that committee."
Gen. Morg an
Quits UNNRA
WASHINGTON, Jan. 3-()-Lt.
Gen. Sir Frederick E. Morgan, chief
of UNRRA operations in Germany
has resigned, an UNRRA official re-
ported today, in an apparent effort to
quiet the criticism aroused by his re-
marks about Jewish refugees in Eu-
rope.
The UNRRA official, who asked
not to be identified by name, said
that the British general's- formal
"voluntary" resignation will be an-
nounced about noon tomorrow.
Morgan is the UNRRA official who
aroused considerable criticism from
Jewish organizations, in the United
States and Britain over his assertion
that thousands of Polish Jews were
moving into the American controlled
zone in Germany with a "well organ-
ized, positive plan to get out of Eu-
rope."
SRA To Hold Luncheon
Carol Karkalite will discuss John
Ballie's book "Invitation To Pilgrim-
age" at the Student Religious Asso-
ciation Luncheon Discussion Group
meeting at noon tomorrow in Lane
Hall. Students wishing to attend
should call Lane Hall for reserva-
tions.
CAMPUS EVENTS
Today-The correspondence com-
mittee of SOIC will meet at 4:15
p.m. in the Union. All members
and interested persons are urged
to attend.
Today- "Escape from Yesterday"
will be presented at 8:30 p.m. to-,
day and tomorrow in the Lydia
Mendelssohn Theatre. The All-
Nations Club will hold a Hang-

I

MONEY RAISED

AT BALL:

Emergency Fund Saves
Student from Starvation

EDITOR'S NOTE: The International
Bail, all-campus semi-formal danceto
be held in the Union Ballroom Friday,
January 11, is given each year for the
purpose of building up the Internation-
al Center Emergency Fund. This is the
first of two articles citing cases in
which the Emergency Fund has aided
foreign students.)
The International Center Emergen-

full scholastic schedule, having made
a "B" average the past semester, and
had borrowed money for his tuition.
Working for his room, he had allotted
only 35 cents a day for his expenses.
Even though he spent the entire
amount for food, his diet was inade-
quate. Another agency of the Cen-
ter secured a summer job for him

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