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January 03, 1946 - Image 2

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The Michigan Daily, 1946-01-03

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;o-'rw* wTHE MICHIGAN DAILY

THURSDAY, JANUARY3, 1946

WASHINGTON MERRY-GO-ROUND:'
President's Problem Childr I'

Telephone 23-24-1
Member of The Associated Press
The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the use
for re-publication of all news dispatches credited to it or
otherwise credited in this newspaper. All rights of re-
publication of all other matters herein also reserved.
Entered at the Post Office at Ann Arbor, Michigan, as
second-class mail matter.
Subscriptions during the regular school year by car-
rier, $4.50, by mail, $5.25.
FEPRESNTE FOR NATV>NL A VRTJING BY
National Advertising Service, Inc.
College Pblishers Representative
420 MADiSON AVE. NEW YORK. N.Y.
CHICAGO * BOSTON * LOS ANGELES * SAN FRACISCO
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NIPHT EDITORS: FREUDENHEIM & SHINN
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
A Whole Pie
WE'VE read "One World" and we've written
to our congressman stressing the need of a
workable world organization. We've eagerly
watched for what Samuel Grafton and Drew
Pearson had to say, and we've been saddened by
the radio blaring the results of the London Con-
ference, though more recently encouraged by
newspaper headlines which spell better coopera-
tion.
We believe, oh implicity, in internationalism,
in one great big, beautiful universe. But do we
believe so implicitly in the ingredients that go
into the making of such a Utopia?
The ingredients broken down into little bits
are people. People of different races, religions,
and creeds. People with different colored
skins, with different kinds of clothing and
different conceptions of God. People who are
terribly sure that their country is the best
country and their skin the best color. They
are positive their dress is right and their God
absolute.
They live in little cliques called Jews and Gen-
tiles, and Mohammedans, and Britishers, and
Catholics, and Latins, Negroes, Indians and the
worshipers of Buddha. They eat chile con carne,
roast beef and rice. They have one wife at a
time or as many as they please. They lose money
on the stock market and they strike for "take
home" pay. They have aquiline noses, pug
noses, and flat noses. They swear allegiance to
king, dictator, president, and prime minister.
They feel properly patriotic when the "Star
Spangled Banner," "Le Marseillaise," or "God
Save the King" is played. They all hate war.
They are afraid of war, and they want one
world. The League of Nations was supposed to
give that to them but that failed so the United
Nations is going to do the job. It is going to
mold the world very easily into one unified
whole, into one complete pie with no separate
pieces.
But the world is merely many little people
who live in many little cliques and are provin-
cialenough to think theirs is the best clique.
They achieve a certain self importance and
sense of security from belonging. It is only
when these little people become cosmopolitan
enough and liberal enough to admit other re-
ligions and other cultures and other races into
their midst without being afraid of losing
their own individual clique that a whole pie
without pieces can be envisaged.
-Norma Crawford
Thanks Again
11E student body is grateful for the vacation
extension it received. However, there are sev-
eral parts of the student body that wish the
deans had made up their minds a little earlier

(mainly the ribs).
These are the ones that were forcibly reduced
fn Y1 An +rvn af n .+rnn rram ne P

By DREW PEARSON
WASHINGTON.--The New Year greets Harry
VTruman with two big housekeeping problems
right inside his own family.
One is slow-moving, procrastinating John Sny-
der of St. Louis, the war reconverter, an old and
intimate friend of Truman's, but no help when
it comes to getting U. S. economy back on a
smooth-running, peacetime basis.
The other is fast-moving, hard-working James
F. Byrnes of South Carolina, who is sincerely
and conscientiously trying to renovate the moth-
eaten State Department and build a better
world; but who has a certain amount of friction
with Truman.
Of the two, Snyder is the more immediate
problem; Byrnes is more important, but long-
range. With Byrnes it's largely a question of per-
sonalities. With Snyder, it's a question of mis-
takes.
Byrnes is a man who, under Roosevelt, was
accustomed to running his own show. He
would send recommendations up to Congress
without consulting the White House. He was
"assistant president," and with FDR frequently
out of town he definitely operated as such.
Now he sometimes forgets that there is a man
in the White House who is accountable to the
public regarding foreign affairs and who likes
to know, sometimes in detail, what's going on.
That was probably why Byrnes released an im-
portant policy statement on Germany just be-
fore he left for Moscow, without consulting Tru-
man. Probably he didn't mean it that way, but
it caused irritation inside the White House.
Again, before he came back from the London
conference last fall, Jimmy announced-with-
out consulting his chief-that he would deliver
a radio address to the nation. The White House
didn't like this, either.
Despite this slip, when Jimmy alighted from
his Moscow plane last week, he once again
announced that he would give a radio report
to the nation.
These small things, plus some other bigger
ones, have riled relations between the President
and his No. 1 cabinet officer. Both men are a
little quick on the trigger. Both are sensitive
beneath the surface. In addition, the President
happens to be surrounded by several advisers
who not only don't care much for Byrnes, but
think he has fumbled several balls on the for-
eign affairs front.
PREDICTION: There is bound to be a clash
between Byrnes and Truman before the year
1946 is over.
Snyder of Ste Louis
rJ7HE case of John Snyder is different. Harry
Truman and Snyder used to train together in
the Missouri National Guard, know each other
intimately. But Truman, in this case, has in-
herited the old tenderness of his late chief-
FDR. He hates to fire a real friend.
On the other hand, at least three close White
House advisers--Charlie Ross, Sam O'Neal and
Bob Hannegan-have so continually pounded
home the fact that Snyder must go that Truman
has asked them not to speak to him about it
any more.
Regardless of personalities, however, Snyder
has made error after error which vitally affects
the economic life of the nation, and for which
Truman gets the blame. Here is the scoreboard:
1. Helped abolish the War Labor Board
just at a time when it was most needed. Later
Truman was put in the embarrassing position
of begging the War Labor Board to continue,
which they refused to do.
2. Abolished the Office of Economic Stabii-'
zer and fired its director, Will Davis, one of the
ablest men in Washington. Later, Snyder had
to reconstitute the Office of Economic Stabili-
zation, and brought in as director Judge fohn C.
Collett of Kansas City, whose chief accomplish-
ment has been to win the nickname "Snuffy
Smith," after the Barney Google character.
3. Abolished controls on building materials.
Then after prices soared and a loud and justi-
fied protest came from veterans, Snyder re-
versed himself and put back the controls.
Snyder's bungling came to a climax the other
day when Truman learned that he had eased
Bob Nathan out of the reconversion office. When

Truman heard about it, he threw up his hands.
"What! Bob Nathan leaving the government!"
he exclaimed. "He's. one of the ablest men I
know. Can't we get him to stay?"
It happened that Truman had known Nath-
an's work intimately when the latter was in the
War Production Board. So he promptly called
Nathan to the White House and spent 45 minutes
trying to undo the error of his bumbling recon-
version chief, John Snyder.
But he didn't succeed. Nathan was fed up
with Snyder errors. Meanwhile Snyder has re-
placed Nathan with a former America Firster,
Richard Bissell.
PREDICTION: John Snyder will be out of
the reconversion office before the winter is
over.
United Nations Home
REPRESENTATIVE ADOLPH SABATH of
Illinois was making an impassioned speech in
favor of Chicago as the site for the United Na-
tions Organization, when Vito Marcantonio, New
York American-Laborite, broke in:

"I am afraid Chicago is disqualified because
of its continuous warfare against England."
He was referring to the late "Big Bill" Thomp-
son, former mayor of Chicago, who once threat-
ened to punch the King of England on the nose
and to the subsequent anti-British crusade of
the Chicago Tribune. Marcantonio, on the otie
hand, insisted that peace-loving N w York was
the ideal spot for the United Naions
"I wonder if we could not compromise on
Plymouth," suggested G.O.P. minority leader Joe
Martin, who comes from asachst
"Yes, I concede tha. tie in %,tos e so,
replied Sab.th, "but surely th&e tu n ds
not contemplate that the Uniled Niosc'
ganization should founder on a r4~iG,
(Copyright, 1940, by the r Synd
11D RATHER BE R1G1Tf

eCleri
Scndary School Needs
TO THE EDITOR:
FOR the past few weeks I have been
reading your many articles on
genc al education. This summer I
reaI the Harvard Report and I think
it embodies a very important idea. In
the repor the aim of general educa-
t: : dined as "-education for an
rmed responsible life in our so-
c_ I think most people feel that
uShldbthe aim of not only
ation in college but of
tyL( s (~ eucation.,
Sheusion that is bothering me
is i e people wish to confine
al" type of education to
c 1 r.The greater per cent of
Scin ctizens do not reach the
coile lvel. If this need is strong
eough to warrant the changing of
# r in many of the best col-
-e, it must be a basic need. Ifj
colleges feel that a general edu-
n is n esary for their students
c orer i'or them to live a better
f ' in a foe world, shouldn't all citi-
zens be given the benefit of it?
Instead of concentrating entirely
oi "general education" for college
stoients why not offer it at a lower
Iel, one at which the largest
r._mb-r of people will reap the
h-nefit I think that in the present
c s-; is one should not over-
. >- Ioibilities of presenting
a milar program at the high

REPEAL THE SALES TAX:
Calls for More Progressive
Measures for State Revenue

v

T A TIME of turmoil such as our
federal and state governments
are today experiencing, the subject
of the state retail sales tax might
conceivably be considered inoppor-
tune. Why drag out for re-considera-
tion a problem of finance which
seems to have been so well-settled
during the past decade, inasmuch as
it is now the source of over half of
our state revenue? Are not crippling
strikes, insurmountable housing
shortages, corruption in state insti-
tutions, crime waves, and increasing
unemployment, as well as all the
other innumerable problems which
have followed the end of the war
enough to occupy the mind of Mr.
Average Citizen?
These are indeed all extremely im-
portant matters demanding immedi-
ate attention and study, but no less
important is the existence in our state
fiscal policy of the sales tax which,
although perhaps institutedd because
of necessity and lack of any better
solution to the problem, has long
since outlivedits reason for existence
at all, and can easily be counted
among the most regressive, undemo-
cratic and inequitable practices of
which the government can be consid-
2red guilty.
Everyone complains of taxes, but
their necessity is universally ad-
mitted, although fairness and jus-
tice are often overlooked in their
levying. The state retail sales tax
is the most outstanding example

of such legislative neglect. Can a
tax he fair and just which is im-
posed upon those least able to
pay it? Can it be equitable when it
is imposed on such basic necessi-
ties as food?
Even such a seemingly trivial
amount as three per cent of a dollar
is oppressive when it figures on a
thirty-dollars weekly wage. What is
the logic or reason in depriving a
man of higher education or making
it imperative for him to rely on state
relief, when his own hard-fought-for
pennies are the source of the revenue
used for that purpose?.
The highly-productive Michigan
sales tax has resulted in remarkable
returns ($86 millions in 1943) due
greatly to the amazing rise in pur-
chasing power during the war boom.
The outlook for Michigan sales tax
collection will not be so encouraging
now that war jobs no longer exist
and people are discovering that they
have much less to spend.
It is for that reason that the
present time is the bestftime to de-
vise another means of state rev-
enue for purposes of education and
relief. It is time for our state legis-
lators to consider more progressive
measures-perhaps a state income
tax, or more fairly proportioned
inheritance taxes, in order to allow
each, according to his ability, to
share in the responsibility of mak-
ing a better life in his community.
-Ivan Bagrow

Se0
By SAMUEL GRAFTON
THERE WILL BE some American opposition
to the Moscow agreements, and it looks as i
this will center around the tall f-tre of G e
MacArthur. Some of the accounts of the nw
setup, under which Russia, Britain, China an
several smaller nations will share in the contro
of Japan, are being made to sound as if it wei
all a plot against the sovereignty of Genera
MacArthur; one sometimes has the odd feelin
that a part of our press, withouthis knowledg
or consent, treats him as if he were a country
whose rights are being ignored by the gea
powers, including the United States.
Such use of the name of the General of the
Army is not new; this is familiar political terri-
tory; we have been here before.
A certain section of American opinion ha
always been ready to use MacAthur's name t
win any fight in which it has happened to fin
itself. It borrowed his prestige, during the war
to fight the policy of finishing Hitler first; i
was unfair, it said, to starve MacArthur. Afte
the victory, the same segment of opinion trie
to make MacArthur superior to the StateDe-
partment in settling Japanese policy; MacArthur
it said, and not Dean Acheson, had won the war
Now they are trying to make it a case of Mac
Arthur against the Big Three, quite consistentl
using the same magic name to try to bloc
agreement with Russia, which they used durin
the war to try to block aid to Russia.
The American public, which obviously re-
spects and admires General MacArthur, will
hardly let its view of the Moscow agreements
be distorted by this kind of plea. General
MacArthur fought to help bring about a more
unified world; we cannot now use the fact of
his victory as an obstacle to unity. But it is
characteristic of-hose who oppose world har-
mony that they will use any argument which
comes to hand, shifting ground continually,
jumping from ice cake to ice cake, turning on
a dime, now crushing a general to their
breasts, now weeping over a principle, then
forgetting both when some new happy idea
turns up.
rTHESE ARE THE LADS who denounce Big
Three agreements as power politics; the
hate power politics; they are quite as likely, nex
moment, to turn around and demand to know
just what we obtained in return for the recog-
nition of Yugoslavia, and if nothing, why?
These are the boys who hotly set up the principle
of non-agression; then, breathing hard, demand
that we be given air bases all over the world to
halt the designs of powers which may want air
bases all over the world. They often ask for
majority rule as the fair and proper method for
reaching agreement among the nations on ex-
amination, their conception of majority rle
turns out to be equal votes for Ecuador and the
Soviet Union.
They are jumpy and jerky and they never
stand still; their critique of the Moscow agree-
ments, for example, runs like this: The section
on the Balkans is no good, because it ought to
include control by all the nations of the world;
the section on Japan is no good because it does
not provide for exclusive control by the United
States; the section on peace treaties is faulty
because it rules out of the conferences many
worthy nations which happened not to fight;
the section on the Far East is bad because it
brings into the picture several nations which
did fight.
In the coming discussions on the Moscow
agreements we have a right to ask the opposi-
tion, nervous as it is, to take one stand and stick
to it, giving up its startled-fawn leaps from one
eternal principle to its exact opposite.
The opposition has even turned on Mr.
Byrnes, who was its doll-baby in September,
when he could not agree with Mr. Molotov, and
who is now called the author of a sell-out
because he has agreed; the same man. Nothing'
could be more indicative of the distorted world
in which the opposition lives; a world in which
any statesman who brings about harmony
among the nations is a failure, and in which
a man who fails to bring it about is a success;
a, world in which the opposition smiles and
feels safe when the nations fall out, but
promptly buttons up its coat and shivers and

blows on its fingers when the nations agree;
men startled by the sound of peace, frightened
by the strange look of sunlight.
(Copyright, 1946, NY. Post Syndicate)

---Jean M. Henne
s_
d Catcizes Critics
TO THE EDITOR:
t N THE December 28th issue of the
' Detroit News was an article on the
front page headed "Student Testi-
-mony Flunks Professors." It told oi
a conference of educators and five
students from Michigan colleges, in-
cluding William Mullendore from
y the University of Michigan. Accord-
ing to the article these students, as-
suming the role of spokesmen for
their student bodies, severely criti-
cised our college educational system.
They called college "a stultifying
experience that confirms students
in their narrowness and bigotry." On
thei contrary, I am of the opinion that
college is a broadening and valuable
experience. They said that "ivied
,alls screen more social, economic,
and religious intolerance than one
will find in the world outside." I
maintain that, by and large, it is
the comparatively uneducated who
ae most intolertnt.
The students contradict them-
selves in picturing typical profes-
sors as old foggies who never re-
vise their lecture notes, and on the
other hand saying they are stu-
dents, not teachers, of their par-
t tiieular subjects. Certainly they are
students of their subjects. Who
can say he knows everything there
is to know about a given subject?
'11 e fa et that professors are con-
e scantly studying new developments
in their fields shows that they are
not ld foggies but are alert and
r wel-informed.
If these students feel they are
s mining nothing from a college edu-
cation, why are they enrolled? Why
are they not students in the pro-
verbial college-of-hard-knocks? True,
universities, as any large organiza-
tion, are not perfect. They have
faults. We should try to eliminate
these faults. But in striving for per-
fection we shouldn't undermine the
whsle. I think it is agreed by a large
majority that a college education is,
on the whole, beneficial. Let us not
tear down all we have built and leave
nothing in its place. Constructive
cr icism is what is needed, not need-
es slandering of the system in gen-
eral. Atomic energy, radar, discov-
ery of penicillin, and other great ad-
vances have been made possible by
minds developed, not in spite of, but
by college professors.
There are two parts to getting
an education, giving on the part of
the teachers and making use of
what is offered on the part of the
students. Let's not put all the
blame on the professors. There is
also room for much improvement
on the part of the students in tak-
ing advantage of that which is of-
fered to them.
-Margaret Parker
Victory Loan
EVERY man in the armed forces
was prepared to give his life for
the safety of his country. Your
dollars put into Victory Loan Bonds
now may restore health to a dis-
abled veteran.
By Crockett Johnson

DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN

Publication in the Daily Official Bul-
letin is constructive notice to all mem-
bers of the University. Notices for the
Bulletin should be sent in typewritten
form to the Assistant to the President,
1021 Angell Hall, by 3:30 p. m. on the day
preceding publication (11:00 a. m. Sat-
urdgys).
THURSDAY, JANUARY 3, 1946
VOL LVI, No. 41
Notices
The "Editorial Office of Official
Publications has been moved from
221 Angell Hall to the second floor of
the University Press Building, 311
Maynard St. The telephone numbers
(Extensions 794 and 2130) will re-
main unchanged.
Students, College of Engineering:
The final day for dropping courses
without record will be Saturday, Jan.
5. A course may be dropped only
with the permission of the classifier
after conference with the instructor.
Students, College of Engineering:
The final day for Removal of Incom-
pletes will be Saturday, Jan. 5,
To All Seniors in Lit, Music, Edu-
cation, and Art Schools Who Are
Graduating in February: Place your
orders for graduation announce-
ments at a booth to be located in the
lobby of Angell Hall. Orders will be
taken on Thursday and Friday of this
week and on Monday and Tuesday of
next week from 9 to 12 and 1 to 3.
The announcements sell for 10 cents
each. All orders must be paid for in
full at the time of placing the order.
Faculty, College of Engineering:
There will be a meeting of the Fac-
ulty on Monday, January 7, 1946, at
4:15, P.M., in Room 348, West Engin-
eering Building. Among other items
of business will be the presentation
of a medal by Captain W. V. Michaux,
U.S.N.
W. J. Emmons, Secretary
Lectures
French Lecture: Professor Rene
Talamon, of the Romance Language
Department, will open the series of
French lectures sponsored by the
Cercle Francais. The title of his
lecture is: "Lecture Dramatique".
This lecture will be given on Tuesday,
Jan. 8, at 4:10 p.m. in Room D, Alum-
ni Memorial Hall.
Tickets for the series of lectures
may be procured from the Secretary
of the Department of Romance
Languages (Room 112, Romance
Language Building) or at the door at
the time of the lecture for a small
sum. These lectures are open to the
general public.
Academic Notices
Biological Chemistry Seminar will
meet on Friday, Jan. 4, at 4:00 p.m.
in 319 West Medical Building. "Hist-
amine", will be discussed. All inter-
ested are invited.
Seminar in Physical Chemistry will
meet today in Room 410, Chemistry
Building, at 4:15 p.m. Dr. Peter A.S.
Smith will speak on "Nature of Bind-
ing in So-called Complex Com-
pounds." All interested are invited.

Elizabeth A. H. Green, violinist, In-
structor in Music Education. The
program will include Sonata for vio-
lin by Geminiani, Concerto No. 4 in
D major by Mozart, and Sonata in
B minor for piano and violin by
Respighi. Miss Green will be assisted
by John Kollen, Assistant Professor
of Piano.
The public is cordially invited.
Events Toda
The American Veterans Commit-
tee will hold a business meeting to-
night at the Michigan Union. All
members are urged to attend, as
plans for next week's open meeting
will be discussed, as well as other
important business.
Tea at the International Center:
The weekly informal teas at the In-
ternational Center on Thursdays,
from 4:00 to 5:30 p.m. are open to
all foreign students and their Amer-
ican friends.

Modern Poetry Club
night at 7:30 in Room
Hall.

meeting to-
3231 Angell

The Graduate Outing '.Clubwill
meet January 3 (Thursday) at '7:30
p.m. in the Outing Room of Rack-
ham. Officers will be elected and
the winter program will be planned
in detail. Everyone interested is
urged to attend and bring his sport-
ing ideas.
"Escape From Yesterday" with Jean
Gabin, Annabella. French dialogue,
English subtitles. Lydia Mendelssohn
Theatre, Thursday, Friday, Saturday.
83:30 p.m.
Music Section of the Faculty Wom-
en's Club will meet today at 8 o'clock
at the iome of Mrs. G. G. Brown,
1910 Hill Street. A program will be
presented by Estelle Titiev, Pianist,
and Lennis Britton, Soprano.
Coming Events
The Geological Journal Club will
meet in Rm 4065, Nat. Sci. Bldg. on
Friday, Jan. 4, at 12:15 p.m.
Program: (1) A survey of geological
periodicals in the English
language.
(2) Miss Friedkin , on the
Development of the
West Edmond, oilfield,
Okla.
All interested are cordially invited
to attend.
The Pitch and Putt Club will meet
on Friday, Jan. 4, at 4:30 p.m. at the
Women's Athletic Bldg. A class will
be formed under the instruction of
Mrs. Hanley. A movie with demon-
' stration will be shown,
The Lutheran Student Association
will have an outdoor skating party
this Friday evening. The group will
meet at the Lutheran Student Cen-
ter, 1304 Hill St. at 7:45. Refresh-
ments will be served.
B'nai B'rith Hillel Foundation will
hold Sabbath Eve Services Friday,
Jan. 4, 7:45 p.m. Following services
Rev. Edward Redman and Rabbi J.
M. Cohen will discuss ".udaism nnd

BARNABY

Shall I get the movie camera out
of the hall closet, Mr. O'Malley?

To produce an epic and win a dozen
Or nrc_., _ril hrif is . rp ,mali

The story is the least of our worries.
Any movie executive will admit that.

I

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