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December 11, 1945 - Image 1

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Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1945-12-11

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VETERANS
QUESTION BOX
See Page 4

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4poqp ati

CONTINUED COLD
SNOW FLURRIES

VOL. LVI, No. 32 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, TUESDAY, DECEMBER 11, 1945

PRICE FIVE CENTS

m

Auto

Union Offers

Ford 'Company)

Gov. Kelly Urges State Aid

Security' Clause for Wage Conference

For

Further Construction

Student, from Dutch Underground,
Will Lead Mass Rally Here Today

Following four years in the Dutch
Underground Movement, Edmund
Peter Wellenstein is travelling in the
United States, describing to American
students the shattered condition of
European universities.
He will address a mass student rally
at 7:30 p.m. today in Lane Hall.
"The death rate among Dutch
students working in the Under-
ground Movement was about 40 per
cent," Wellenstein said in an in-
terview yesterday. "During the war
students arose as leaders, acting
far stronger in a body than the
faculty could do because they had
no wives or children for which to
fear reprisal.
"They helped Allied pilots to.es-
cape, sheltered German refugees, of-
fered aid to widows and orphans of
slaughtered members of the resist-
ance, and did sabotage, espionage and
intelligence work."
Wellenstein attended Delft Univer-
sity where in 1940 he became presi-

dent of the Central Committee for
Student Interest.
Student strikes against Nazifica-
tion of the University brought re-
taliation in the dissolution of all
student organizations. Going "un-
derground" the Central Committee
rendered service to persecuted Jew-
ish and Gentile students, continu-
ing to function even after the Uni-
versity was closed in Nov., 1940.
"The Germans later tried to reopen
the Delft but few professors would
cooperate, and not many students en-
rolled, most of them preoccupied with
the resistance movement," Wellen-
stein pointed out,
From 1943 to the end of the war
all Dutch students were fair prey
to the Gastapo, since they had the
choice between signing an act of
loyalty and being deported. The
majority did not do either, and
lived as outlaws until the end of the
war doing; vital underground work.
"In June, 1941, I was arrested on

suspicion of underground activities.
There were five charges against me
-that I had published a resistance
newspaper, listened to foreign broad-
casts, been a member of a military
organization, had incited others to re-
sistance and had insulted a Nazi
major.
"Although the Nazis didn't usually
need positive evidence against a sus-
pect, I was released after eight
months in a concentration camp. I
think the main reason I was arrested
in the first place was to scare my
co-workers from further activity. But
when the activities in which I had
been engaged continued after my ar-
rest, I imagine the Germans thought
they had over-estimated the degree
of my work.
Expelled from Delft and forbidden
to continue his studies, Wellenstein
moved to the Hague where he became
a leader in the National Resistance
See Underground, Page 4

Arthos Terms
New ' Crrcul
On .Right Track
Lauds Course Changes
At Harvard, Chicago
By CLAYTON DICKEY
EDITOR'S NOTE: This is the second in
a series of interviews with members of
the University faculty on the subject
of general education.
Terming the curriculum changes at
Harvard and Chicago a step "in the
right direction," Prof. John Arthos,
of the English department, declared
last week that "the usual college cur-
riculum is both too specialized and
too diffused."
In a statement to The Daily, Pro-
fessor Arthos also criticized present
methods of instruction. "Led by
special interests," he said, "we too
frequently encourage the passive
reception of information and opin-
ions," when the objective should be
"a knowledge of he values through
which political, social and aesthetic
criticism become useful."
Professor Arthos recommended "a
more coherent program of general
education," because "it is dangerous
and boring to be merely a specialist
and futile to possess merely a scat-
tered knowledge."
The text of Professor Arthos' state-
ment follows:
"I believe that the usual college
curriculum is both too 'specialized'
and too diffused. An improved cur-
riculum should, I think, provide all
students with a common fund of
learnii' in such a way that they
have something more than an ac-
quaintance with the best that has
been thought and said.
"Students, as citizens and as pri-
vate individuals, would profit from
the study of the great books of our
civilization and would learn to place
themselves in the European and
American traditions.
"A program of study so directed
would prove more to their interest
than one which leads to specialized
or vocational study before they had
been trained in the disciplines of the
liberal arts. And it would be a step
towards correcting our provincialism
and isolationism.
"Our present methods of instruc-
tion are also often at fault. Led by
specialized interests, we too frequent-
ly encourage the passive reception of
information and opinions. We should
instead teach in such a way and with
such materials that students may,ob-
tain for themselves a knowledge of
the values through which political,
social and aesthetic criticism become
useful.
"Students must learn how to find
and to evaluate evidence according
to the methods employed in the
physical and social sciences and in
the arts. This is more important
for most people than the mastery
of a quantity of information in one
field of study and an acquaintance
with one method of interpretation
and criticism.

Faults of Past Student'U'Rule
To Be Discussed at Meetings

Climaxing a period of investigation
and discussion of defects of past stu-
dent governments on the University
campus and a comparison with simi-
lar bodies at other large Universities,
two open meetings will be held by
the Committee for Liberal Action and
Student Town Hall tomorrow and
Thursday nights.
A preliminary discussion of the
problems and need for a more active
student government at 7:30 p.m. to-
morrow in the Union will prepare
students for a forum on this subject
conducted by faculty members and
students at the third Student Town
Hall meeting of the semester at 7:30
p.m. Thursday in Lane Hall.
Special invitations for the Town
Hall meeting Thursday night have
been sent to every campus organiza-
tion, dormitories, league houses and
unorganized houses.
Dean Yoakum
Paid Last Honor
Meimorial Services
Held at Rackhan Hall
The University paid its last trib-
ute to Dean Clarence Stone Yoakum
of the Graduate School yesterday
when Memorial Services were held
in the Rackham Lecture Hall:
The Reverend Dr. William P. Lem-
on of the First Presbyterian Church
opened the service with a prayer and
was followed by the Reverend Dr.
Edward W. Blakeman, counselor in
religious education, who gave the
scripture reading.
Introduced by President Alexander
G. Ruthven, Professor Norman E.
Nelson of the English Department
spoke for the Graduate School and
Secretary of the University Herbert
G. Watkins spoke on behalf of the
Regents.
In the Regents' Resolution read by
President Ruthven, Dean Yoakum
was proclaimed an able student of
education, an efficient servant of the
University, and a friend to his as-
sociates.
The University Choir, under the
direction of Professor Hardin Van
Duersen, participated in the Memor-
ial Services.

What can be done here and what
has been accomplished in similar
large state universities in the way
of student government will be the
topic of discussion.
The Committee for Liberal Action
will also elect officers and discuss
finances at its meeting tomorrow
night. All new members are requested
to bring their eligibility cards to this
meeting.
Veterans Urged
To Register- for'
Date Bureaus
Date Bureaus for the informal
Veterans Dance from 8:30 p.m. to
midnight Friday at Waterman Gym
will be open from 3 to 5 p.m. today
and tomorrow in the lobbies of the
Union and League.
Both veterans and women are urged
to register with the Bureaus for the
dance, which is co-sponsored by the
Veterans' Organization and the
League Council in honor of veterans
recently returned. to campus. Persons
who registered during Orientation
week need not register again.
The informal introduction of Presi-
dent Alexander Ruthven and Univer-
sity Provost James P. Adams will
highlight the program.-Bill Layton
and his orchestra, featuring Patti
DuPont, will furnish music for the
veterans and their dates, and special
entertainment, including mixer danc-
es, is also planned.
Members of the League Council,
escorted by veterans, and married
veterans and their wives will act as
hosts and hostesses for the dance.
Auditions for student talent,
which will be featured at the all-
campus Christmas Party Tuesday,
Dec. 18 at Hill Auditorium, will be
held from 4 to 5 p.m. today in the
Glee Club Room on the third floor
of the Union. All students interest-
ed in appearing in the show should
audition at that time or contact
Dick Roeder or John Sorice, co-
chairmen of the event, at the Stu-
dent Offices of the Union.

May Accept
Substitutes for
Salary Boost
See Picture, Page 4
By The Associated Press
DETROIT, Dec. 10-The CIO Unit-
ed Auto Workers union, in a move
unprecedented in the motor car in-
dustry, offered the Ford Motor Co. a
"company security" clause today that
paved the way for contract negotia-
tions on a 30 per cent wage increase
demand.
Richard T. Leonard, director of the
Ford department of the UAW-CIO,
WASHINGTON, Dec. 10 -(')-
John L. Lewis today assailed the
Truman plan for curbing major
strikes as a "foul-smelling mess"
and Eric Johnston cautioned Con-
gress against acting in "haste."
Lewis, leader of the United Mine
Workers, appeared before the House
Labor Committee considering the
proposal to set up fact-finding
boards to inquire into big labor dis-
putes. While the boards were func-
tioning strikes would be barred.
said the company agreed to talk
wages at the next conference, sched-
uled for Wednesday
He added that the Union is not
demanding "30 per cent or else."
A percentage of the wage increase
demand may be waived, he explained,
if Ford makes annual wage, pension,
retirement, and vacation proposals
which the Union deems of more
worth than the money itself.
"I believe they can pay 30 per
cent," Leonard went on. "I don't know
if we will ask Ford to producetheir
books. We may. Up to now we
haven't."
Also today General Motors termin-
ated its contract with the Auto
Workers Union, vhose 20-day-old
strike over a demand for a 30 per cent
wage increase has made 213,000
workers idle. The contract was to
have expired April 28, 1946.
In its proposal to Ford, the UAW-
CIO also offered a specific counter-
clause to the company's proposal that
wildcat strikers be fined. The Union
proposed that each violator be fined
$3 a day for his first offense and $5
for his second.
N R1
Navy Release
Rules Relaxed
Dec. 31 Determining
Factor for Eligibility
WASHINGTON, Dec. 10-()-The
Navy relaxed its rules today with the
intention of speeding up return of
men and women home for Christmas.
Effective today, the Navy said, men
and women on duty within the Unit-
ed States continental limits who will
become eligible for separation on or
before December 31 may be released
immediately.
The authority includes personnel
serving on ships now in United States
ports.
The only conditions imposed were
a provision that their services can
be spared and that their processing
would not interfere with prompt sep-
aration of personnel previously eli-
gible for release, particularly per-
sonnel returning from overseas.
The step was taken, the Navy said,
in order to enable as many Naval
personnel as possible to spend Christ-
mas at home with their families.

Perkins Will
Discuss Future
Of U. S. Labor
Ex-Labor Secretary
To Speak Here Today
"The Destiny of American Labor"
will be the topic of Miss Frances Per-
kins, former Secretary of Labor, at
8:30 p. m. today in Hill Auditorium.
Prof. Ollie Backus, acting manager
of the Speech Clinic, will introduce
Miss Perkins. The lecture will be the
fourth in the current Oratorical As-
sociation series.
Only woman ever to attain cabinet

Legislature To Give "U" TopRecognition
State Gave One Structure Since 1927
By The Associated Press
LANSING, Dec. 10 - Governor Kelly declared today that the Uni-
versity of Michigan must have more buildings and equipment if is not to
lose its position as one of the "most distinguished institutions of hgher
learning in the country."

Of New Campus Buildings

n

FRANCES PERKINS
-. ..to speak today
rank, Miss Perkins served a term of
more than 12 years under President
Roosevelt. Under her administration
much legislation bettering the con-
dition of the workingman was passed.
The legislation has provided for
shorter hours, higher pay, unemploy-
ment insurance, social security, old
age insurance and workman's com-
pensation.
Richard Wright, who will be un-
able to appear as scheduled for this
lecture, will speak later in the season.
The ticket originally issued for
Miss Perkins' lecture should be used
for admission to the lecture today.
World News
In Brief...
i-uleyA
WASHINGTON, Dec. 10 -()-
Maj. Gen. Patrick J. Hurley said to-
day that he had sought to stop a
profit-making British corporation
from selling lend-lease supplies in
Iran and 17 other countries.
The late President Roosevelt en-
dorsed Hurley's suggestion "that the
distribution of lend-lease supplies
throughout the Middle East should
be taken over by our own people,"
testimony showed.
S * *.
Marshal, , ,
WASHINGTON, Dec. 10 -(-')-
Gen. George C. Marshall acknowl-
edged today that the Army knew
more than 10 -days before Pearl
Harbor that the enemy was on, the
move in a direction that might
take him past the deadline where
American military chiefs believed
we should fight.
The move was the embarkation
of abeut five divisions aboard 40
to 50 transports at Shanghai, head-
ed south. It was reported by Army
intelligence Nov. 25-26, 1941.
* * *
Pattona
HEIDELBERG, Germany, Dec. 10
-P)-Gen. George S. Patton, Jr.,

"Otherwise-and this must never
happen-the University will inevitab-
ly be reduced to a position of second-
ary importance," he said.
Building Needs Computed
Starting the compilation of state
building needs for the special legisla-
tive session next month, Kelly said
top consideration would be given to
the requirements of the University,
Michigan State College, the state
teacher colleges and Wayne Univer-
sity.
"The time has come," he said, "to
include Wayne in the survey. They
have a critical veterans' problem."
Except for $1,500,000 allowed this
year for a new general service build-
ing, the state has not contributed any
appropriations for educational build-
ings at the Ann Arbor institution
since 1927, Kelly declared. In the past
20 years, he said, the University's con-
stru'ction appropriations from the
state have amounted only to $4,465,-
000 while in the same period state
universities in Illinois, Iowa, Ohio,
Minnesota and Wisconsin averaged
$13,000,000 each.
Enrollment Rises
Of $36,000,000 worth of buildings at
the University, Kelly said, the state
has built only $14,000,000 worth, and
the remainder have been financed by
private donors or by self-liquidating
financial arrangements.
The Governor said the University
expected its current enrollment of
2,000 veterans to virtually double by
'March and the enrollment to increase
2,900 in the next 10 years, exclusive
Situation Critical
An already existing deficiency in
class room and laboratory facilities
which has accumulated during the
past 20 years now becomes a critical
emergency as the University attempts
to meet its obligation to its veterans,
Gov. Kelly declared.
He pointed out that while the popu-
lation of Michigan has virtually
doubled since 1900, the student body
at the University has more than
trebled during the same period, en-
rollment increasing from 3,712 stu-
dents in 1900 to more than 13,000
in the pre-war years, 1939 to 1940.
Chuck Helmisk
To Head J-Hop
Engine School Student
Chosen by Rotation
Charles Helmick, a junior engineer
from Hillsdale, was chosen chairman
of the 1945-46 J-Hop Committee yes-
terday by the Men's Judiciary Coun-
cil.
Elected to a J-Hop Committee post
in Friday's campus election, Helmick
is president of the Engineering Coun-
cil and a member of Triangles, the
Men's Judiciary Council and Phi
Gamma Delta fraternity.
The constitution of the Men's Ju-
diciary Council provides that the
Council choose the dance chairman
from one of the schools represented
on a rotating basis. This year, the
chairman was to be chosen from
among the engineering school's com-
mitteemen.
Other members of the Committee
elected Friday are: William Lambert,
Lynne Ford, Collee Ide, Richard
Roeder and Pat Hayes from the lit-
erary school; Harold Walters and
George Spaulding from the engineer-
ing school; Roberta Ames from the
combined schools and Betty Smith
from the architecture school.

City Building
Estimated at
$15 Million
Need for Priorities
Cited by Gerganoff
Within Ann Arbor alone, Ralph
Gerganoff, Ypsilanti architect, said
yesterday, University, civic, and hos-
pital buildings costing upwards of 15
million dollars are contemplated.
Commenting on newspaper reports
predicting a return to priorities, Ger-
ganoff said that the critical housing,
shortage will necessitate. priority rat-
ing for low-cost housing. Clarifying
this statement, he said that it will
take several years just to build the
several million dollars of contracts he
has in his own office, and that as a
result of this expansion of building,
he anticipates a temporary renewal
of building restrictions with high pri-
ority for inexpensive houses.
Gerganoff's experience shows that
it takes 200 skilled and semi-skilled
building mechanics a year of work for
every million dollars of building. With
a building boom on a national scale,
it will be impossible to duplicate the
Willow Run record by importing la-
bor, he pointed out.
Quoting figures to show that labor
costs have increased 33 per cent in
the past four years, the architect
stated that prospective buyers will
have to get accustomed to seeing
their own increased incomes reflected
in higher prices.
HEN-REE !
Thespians _To
Stage What a
Life' Comedy
First performance of the Henry
Aldrich comedy, "What A Life," will
be presented by Play Production at
8:30 p.m. tomorrow in the Lydia
Mendelssohn Theatre.
The comic adolescent Henry, who
constantly gets involved in scrapes
with teachers and fellow students of
Central High, will be portrayed by
Byron Mitchell.
Cast Listed
other members of the cast include
Dorothy Murzek as Miss Shea, Henry
McQuire as Mr. Nelson, Serene Shep-
pard as Barbara Pearson, Frank
Pickard as Mr. Bradley, Annette
Chaikin as Miss Wheeler and Jim Bob
Stephenson as George Biglow.
The story of the play centers
around the antics of Henry Aldrich,
now of radio fame, who becomes
practically a permanent figure in the
grave office of the startled school
superintendent. Unable to get book
learning through his head, Henry is
forced to protect himself in a hostile
world of teachers and parents. When
his problems become too weighty for
him to handle, he manages to acquire
the support of a sympathetic assist-
ant principal. He is saved from total
disgrace just as the final curtain
goes down.
Mixes Humor With Pathos
Clifford Goldsmith, author of the
play which was sensational on Broad-
way and on tour, is not lacking in
sympathy for his victims. Despite his
fondness for a joke, Mr. Goldsmith
hqs mixed humor with pathos. He
spent some time lecturing in Phila-
delphia High Schools where he came
in contact with adolescent youth.
The theatre box office will be open
every day this week for the sale of
tickets. A special student rate will be
offered for the Wednesday and

' Thursday evening performances.

mily, Children's Service Will Be Supported
By Tenth Goodfellow Drive Ending Monday

The Ann Arbor Family and Chil-
dren's Service is one of the agencies
to be aided by the tenth Goodfellow
drive which opened yesterday under
the sponsorship of The Daily and
the Union.
Although some of the money
given to the Family and Children's
Service is used to make a Merry
Christmas for needy families, the
major part of it is reserved for

prevention of broken homes and fam-
ily discord so that children will not
be affected by troubles in their fam-
ily life.
Often the agency encounters
troubles which have accumulated
over a period of time, and involve
the members of the family in a
complexity of conflicting feelings
toward one another. When such
cases are discovered the agency

lems and come to the agency on re-
ferral from doctors, schools, courts,
public health nurses, ministers and
other leaders of social groups. These
may be typical problem child cases
involving youngsters of all ages, de-
veloped because of unhappy home re-
lationships between parents or par-
ent and child.
In cases which are ineligible for
public assistance and where tern-

id Thee More Shapely Gais
It was a great day for the legs in Ann Arbor yesterday.
Once again NYLONS were being sold over the counter instead of
under.
The casual observer would have thought, from the line of people
extending the length of the arcade, that Ident cards were being distrib-
uted in the shop at the end of the queue. Viewing the conglomeration
of servicemen, female collegians, townspeople and little boys, one

1

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