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November 30, 1945 - Image 4

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The Michigan Daily, 1945-11-30

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TIE MICHIGAN DAILY

Zly Ai tgat ai
Fifty-Sixth Year

WASHINGTON MERRY-GO-ROUND:
Administration Honeymoon Over

Fw (mauen . .pEy prSTUW m ~ .J rrM".W
Edited and managed by students of the University of
Michigan under the authority of the Board of Control
of Student Publications.
Editorial Staff
Ray Dixon." . . . . . . . . . . Managing Editor
Robert Goldman . . . . . . . City Editor
Betty Roth . . . . . . . . . . Editorial Director
Margaret Farmer . . . . . . . . Associate Editor
Arthur J. KraftV..... .. .. .....Associate Editor
ill Mullendore . . . . . . . . Sports Editor
Mary Lu Heath . . . . . . Associate Sports Editor
Ann Schutz . . . . . . . . Women's Editor
Dona Guimaraes . . . . Associate Women's Editor
Business Staff
Dorothy Flint . . . . . . Business Manager
Joy Altman . . . . . . . Associate Business Mgr.
Telephone 23-24-1
Member of The Associated Press
The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the use
for re-publication of all news dispatches credited to it or
otherwise credited in this newspaper. Al rights of re-
publication of all other matters herein also reserved.
Entered at the Post Office at Ann Arbor, Michigan, as
second-class mail matter.
Subscriptions during the regular school year by car-
rier, $4.50, by mail, $5.25.
Member, Associated Collegiate Press, 1945-46
NIGHT EDITOR: BETTYANN LARSEN
MA W
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
Uruguay's Proposal
URUGUAY, one of the most progressive of the
Latin American republics, has proposed to
the other American countries that they adopt a
policy of collective intervention in the internal
affairs of any American republic violating human
rights or its international obligations.
The policy was suggested by Uruguayan foreign
minister Alberto Larretta as a measure of
hemispheric security. It has already received
the endorsement of Secretary of State Byrnes,
who issued a statement expressing America's
"unqualified adherence" and declaring that if
the American republics are to preserve the
peace, they "cannot permit appressive regimes
to exist in their midst."
The policy is obviously directed against
Argentina. Larretta seems anxious to see the
regime of Peron come to an end. Byrnes ap-
parently does too.
But the whole thing sounds a little silly. The
idea is good, but it is a belated attempt coming
at an inopportune moment. Collective interven-
tion would imply the use of troops; few people
would support that measure now.
The time for showing Argentina cane at
San Francisco, when she should have been
barred from the United Nations Organiza-
tion. At that time the United States insisted
on her being allowed membership.
Constructive action could have been taken
against Argentina last April, but we chose to .
wait. Now we back up a lovely proposal that
will probably be ineffectual.
-Eunice Mintz
Reconversion
THROUGHOUT the war, industry filled maga-
zines with gaily printed pictures of their
products, entitled "They'll be yours-someday."
We are still waiting.
The reasons we continue to receive pictures
instead of products are surprising in view of the
predictions commonly made during wartime. It
was then suggested that a large scale public
works program go into effect as soon as possible
after the war in order to provide for the millions
of unemployed expected within six weeks after
V-J Day. More than three months after that
date, the country's papers have extensive "Help
Wanted" ads asking for skilled and unskilled la-
bor, and the materials which would be required
for such a project are desperately needed for
housing.
Furthermore, sales charts have shown a steady
curve instead of the sharp drop perdicted. Actual
conversion in the plants is progressing more rap-
idly than had been thought possible. Such strikes
as the GM-UAW one can not be entirely blamed

for the reconversion lag, because a great num-
ber of companies have quietly given wage in-
creases and still others have had no labor de-
mands.
The shortage of goods finds people much
more eager to buy than companies are to sell.
This reluctance of the companies is usually
attributed to the price question. Companies
claim that they can not produce profitably
with present prices and ask for removal of
price control. Government, fearing inflation,
refuses to change. Both watch each other
constantly, waiting for something to happen.
Until now nothing has happened except a delay
in reconversion, -Mary Ruth Levy
Food Shipments

By DREW PEARSON
W ASHINGTON.-It has now become fashion-
able in some quarters to get out the dead
cats and sling them in the direction of the White
House. Some of the ivory-tower columnists are
limbering up their arms. Some of the newspa-
pers, hitherto gentle, have taken off the gloves.
In other words, the honeymoon is definitely over
-and no one knows it better than Truman him-
self.
However, the Truman administration marriage
has got to last three more years, and there is no
use brandishing the rolling pin or waving the
skillet unless it gets us somewhere. Instead let's
take an unbiased look at the man who didn't
want to be President-his mistakes, his qualities,
his achievements.
In the first place, you can chalk up two defi-
nite accomplishments for Truman: (1) He has
appointed a better cabinet than Roosevelt;
and (2) He has carried on Roosevelt policies
unflinchingly.
The latter, of course, will not be considered
much of an achievement by Republicans or
many Southern Democrats. However, Truman
was elected on a Roosevelt ticket, pledged his
word to continue the Roosevelt program and has
lived up to his word.
Truman's Courage
IN FACT he has shown more courage than FDR
in many things. For instance, the late presi-
dent had been urged to recommend a broad na-
tional health program, but he always side-
stepped. Truman has now sent a message to
Congress urging what Roosevelt balked at doing.
Again when it came to the FEPC, FDR ducked at
too openly offending Southern Congressmen and
let others carry the ball. But Truman stuck his
chin out by writing a letter to the rules com-
mittee urging immediate action. Roosevelt never
wrote a letter to the rules committee during all
his 12 long years in office.
Truman has been equally forthright in re-
gard to full employment, unemployment com-
pensation, anti-trust suits, and offending his
own friends by tackling the question of sub-
merged oil. Roosevelt, though officially com-
mitted to the program, sometimes ducked.
Truman not only hasn't ducked, he led with
his chin. And whether you agree with him or
not, you can't help admire his courage.
Republicans who don't like the Truman-Roose-
velt policies will agree that taken man for man,
his cabinet far surpasses FDR's in ability, politi-
cal acumen and general stature. Why then has
he failed to get off the ground, while his prede-
cessor, working with less able men and the same
program, kept in the air?
Four Hurdles
THE answer lies in four general reasons:
1. Roosevelt had the gift of going on the radio
and swaying the public over the heads of Con-
gress. Truman lacks the radio technique, the
theatrics, the ability to make that appeal. He is
just as sincere as Roosevelt-perhaps more so.
He is desperately trying to do a good job. But
he can't whip Congress into line by mobilizing
public opinion. That was the most powerful
weapon Roosevelt had.
4. Truman has been seriously wounded by
the very group he has consistently sought to
help-labor. Unauthorized strikes, such as the
Washington, D. C., transit strike and the na-
tionwide vote walk-out of telephone workers
convinced many people that Truman-Roose-
velt policies of aiding labor had gone too far.
All the strikes have hurt Truman politically,
but the wildcat strikes especially have ruined
Truman's hand when it comes to social legis-
lation and is bound to have its effect on the
next election.
3. Truman has let himself be dominated by
the military when it comes to conscription, the
garbled discharge of veterans and the use of
ships for bringing men home, politically he has
played right into the hands of Governor Dewey
who in the campaign of 1944 predicted this
would happen.
Truman'snwhole experience as chairman of
his investigating committee showed him how
inefficient the Army and Navy could be when
it came to shipping and manpower. Yet as
President, he trusted the very same men whom

he did not trust as Senator. As a result, thous-
ands of soldiers and sailors, plus several million
members of their families are bitter. And when
any President loses a big block of political sup-
port, he undermines his own strength with
congress.
No "Brain Trust"
4. Finally, Truman has not been able to gather
round him sufficient men with governmental
"know-how." Running a delicate governmental
machine is one of the toughest jobs in the world;
There aren't many who can do it. In addition
to good Cabinet members, it requires skilled as-
sistants in the White House.
FDR had a weak cabinet, but he had around
him in the White House a group of expert, ener-
getic trouble-shooters who knew government in-
side and out and served as a flying football squad
to go into this department or that on special jobs.
What Truman needs today is a few Tomny Cor-
corans. Instead he has surrounded himself with
a bunch of genial, well-meaning gentlemen,

largely from Missouri or Mississippi, who know
little about government and spend almost as
much time swimming in the White House pool
as they do grappling with the vital problems of
post-war America.
This is the most obvious weak-spot for Tru-
man to remedy. The others are not easy to re-
pair. In fact the political reactions from the
labor situation may be beyond repair.
These are some of the problems Truman
faces, plus the general problem that after any
war there is a depressing, disillusioning let-
down. As qualifications for meeting these
problems Truman has sincerity, honesty, en-
ergy, courage and a reasonable amount of in-
telligence. But he is seriously lacking in ex-
perience and governmental know-how. Let's
hope he picks up more of the latter before the
air becomes too full of dead cats. After all,
for better or for worse, he's our President until
January 1949-and that's quite a long way off.
(Copyright, 1945, by the Bell Syndicate, Inc.)
I'D RATHER BE RIGHT:
World Government
By SAMUEL GRAFTON
THE movement for world collaboration lacks a
center and a focus in the United States to-
day. A year ago it was confident and cocky; it
knew where it was going, and it had its suitcase
packed. But it has lost form and outline during
the last year, and even unity; for the movement
for world collaboration is, to a certain degree,
splintering.
Some of its adherents, including the most
devoted, have wandered off in the direction of
world government. The world government
movement seems to me intensely and wonder-
fully American, in its optimism, its deep be-
lief in progress, and in its almost stupefying
idealism.
But is has its drawbacks, too; it is, to begin
with, a split in the ranks; and its exponents, who
are, mostly, highly articulate and literate per-
sons, are sometimes inclined to be contemptuous
of lesser plans for ameliorating the conditions of
life on this unhappy planet; they show a kind of
cynicism about smaller schemes which is in di-
rect proportion to their idealism about their
grand one. And there is also, in addition to
abundant hope, a kind of grim, curiously re-
signed desperation behind their plan; for to say
that only a miracle can save us sometimes seems
like only another way of saying we will not be
saved.
But is is the fact that the movement is a
split which is most important; and the split
showed up on the floor of the Senate the other
day, when Mr. Taylor of Idaho and Mr. Ball
of Minnesota abruptly and bravely popped the
world government idea, badly frightening such
older workers in the vineyard as Mr. Connally
and Mr. Vandenberg.
The latter two had been plugging quietly
along, trying to get an enabling act passed
which would insure our participation in the
United Nations Organization; when the younger
men were through, the two older ones suddenly
seemed to be riding in a model-T Ford. And
while there was a certain amount of fun in this,
something deep in me doubts that the ensuing
debate was really a demonstration for world
peace; it seemed more like a demonstration of
our confusions and doubts.
ANOTHER contingent of those interested in
world collaboration (of which, say, the edi-
torial page of the New York Times might be
considered representative) places almost all its
faith in the development of the United Nations
Organization. These forces take what might be
called a formal and legal approach to the world
problems, as opposed to an ideal approach; they
feel that given general principles, clearly stated,
some sort of parliamentary method, and a well-
defined set of rules or order, most problems can
work themselves out.
This approach, too, is squarely in the Ameri-
can constitution-making tradition; but there
is something a little bare about it, at least
as of this moment; it ignores substantive ques-
tions, and tends to slide by the fact that na-
tions do not vote impartially, like members of
a jury, but according to their presumed in-

terests, and that there are unsettled issues be-
tween Russia and the world, on which Russia
feels that any general assembly of states would
outvote her.
And it seems to me that both those who take
the legal and those who take the ideal road to
glory might find a common ground, or rallying
point, if they were to join forces in, say, a de-
mand for another Big Three meeting, at which
the heads of the states involved would try once
more to settle outstanding differences. It is pre-
cisely this lack of agreement which closes doors
equally to world government and to develop-
ment of a united nations organization; it is
failure to solve questions of content which sends
us slithering off into debates about methodology.
Is there not in this approach, or in some
variant of it, the missing elegient which could
reunite those who favor world collaboration,
and make them once more what they were a
year ago, a great American team, working for
a united world?
(Copyright, 1945, N. Y. Post Syndicate)

CINEMfi
Art Cinema League
THE Art Cinema League's second
offering of the season is a quite
wonderful American production
called "Voice In the Wind." It is a
picture around which cinema de-
votees will rally as an example of
what might be done if Hollywood oc-
casionally forgot the box-office.
Since it is a little-known picture it
would also seem to bear out the con-
tention that Hollywood has dulled the
American capacity for anything ar-
tistic or deeply thought.
"Voice in the Wind" is an anti-
fascist film somewhat in the vein of
"Watch On the Rhine." Its sub-
ject matter is different, however.
It studies how the Nazis crushed
the arts in their conquests. It tells
of a Czech pianist who plays the
"Moldau" in defiance of Nazi or-
ders, and of the ensuing persecu-
tion he endures. It is the only film
I have seen which has studied this
particular facet of fascist tyranny.
The film states its message clearly
and movingly, but where most cinema
connoisseurs will become euthused
is in the actual production itself.
It is a beautifully sustained thing,
marred only by an occasional lapse
into a static state. In the brilliantly
atmospheric sets there is a hint of
the French cinema's sense of econ-
omy. The photography speaks as well
as do the actors and the sea motif at
the beginning and end is poetry of a
height which the screen has not
often achieved.
The cast is a uniformly capable
one, feeling the film's message and
stating it sincerely. Star Francis
Lederer as the defiant pianist whose
mind suffers oblivion in the face of
Nazi torture, draws the necessary
contrast between the brilliant artist
and the pathetic derelict. Sigrid
Gurie, as his wife, is badly photo-
graphed, but rises above this handi-
cap to make much of a sketchy role.
In the supporting cast, Alexander
Granach an J. Carroll Naish both
contribute fine characterizations.
Altogether it is a refreshing
cinema experience. It is also an oc-
casion for bemoaning once again
that this sort of Hollywood product
comes forth once in many years
and then, quite often, it is ignored.
Lederer, Miss Gurie and Granach
do work of a superior grade here
and yet none of them has appeared
in a picture since.
-Barrie Waters
The Courtship
A DISTINGUISHED gentleman is
courting a great lady. And he
is having a terrible time of it.
When he tries to discover her in-
most thoughts, she becomes silent,
moody and suspicious. He must gain
what information he can from the
reports of others who have heard her
speak in unguarded moments. Typ-
ical of women, she resorts to intrigue
and subterfuge to get what she wants.
But the gentleman does not know
what she wants.
Recently the gentleman and the
lady were very close. They held hands
while telling off a little upstart who
was bothering them. "Ah!" thought
the gentleman. "Now she will surely
open her heart to me." But the lady
jumped back into her shell. More-
over, she made some new friends,
little friends, from whose company
the distinguished gentleman was
firmly barred.
Recently, too, the distinguished

gentleman's nephew and the great t
lady's nephew got together to arrange
the wedding. The nephews disagreed,
then agreed, and the gentleman was
happy. But a few points were still
doubtful, so the nephews got together
again. This time they could not agree.
The gentleman's nephew told the
lady's nephew that the lady was car-
rying on in a manner that was dis-
pleasing to the gentleman. But the
lady's nephew had a similar argument
up his sleeve. The distinguished gen-
tleman was now very frustrated.
The distinguished gentleman is still
hopeful, but doubts plague him. He
wonders if he should put all of his
cards on the table. He wonders if he
has made it clear to the lady that his
intentions are honorable, that this is
to be no marriage of convenience.
He reflects sadly that this stormy
courtship cannot go on; nor, if they
are finally wed, can there be a di-
vorce. Fate and the distinguished
gentleman will not have it that way.
For the distinguished gentleman's
nephews are so fond of him, and the
great lady's nephews are so fond of
her, that they will begin a family
feud if either loses favor in the other's
eyes, one that will destroy them both.
-Clayton Dickey.

By BOB CH9PIN
"Do you mind if I stay a year or two longer? - I'm reading
'War and Peace'!"
DALY OFFICIL BULLETIN

Publication in the Daily Official iBul-
letin is constructive notice to all mem-
bers of the University. Notices for the
Bulletin should be sent in typewritten
form to the Assistant to the President,
1021 Angell Hall, by 3:30 p. m. of the day
preceding publication (11:00 a. m. Sat-
urdays).
FRIDAY, NOVEMBER 30, 1945
VOL. LVI, No.23
Notices
Faculty, College of Literature,
Science, and the Arts: The civilian
freshman five-week progress reports
will be due Dec. 6 in the office of the
Academic Counselors, 108 Mason
Hall.
The five-weeks' grades for Navy
and Marine trainees (other than En-
gineers and Supply Corps) will be due
Dec. 6. Department offices will be
provided with special cards and the
Office of the Academic Counselors,
108 Mason Hall, will receive these
reports and transmit them to the
proper officers'
A. Van Duren
College of Literature, Science and
the Arts, School of Education, For-
estry, Music and Public Health: Stu-
dents who received marks of I or X
at the close of their last semester or
summer session of attendance will re-
ceive a grade of E in the course or
courses unless this work is made up
by December 1. Students wishing an
extension of time beyond this date in
order to make up this work should
file a petition addressed to the ap-
propriate official in their school with
Room 4, U. H. where it will be trans-
mitted.
Attention, Pre-Medical Students:
The Medical Aptitude Test, sponsored
by the Association of American Medi-
cal Colleges, will be given at the Uni-
versity of Michigan on Friday, Dec.
14. The test is a normal requirement
for admission to nearly all medical
schools. It is extremely important for
all students planning to enter a medi-
cal school in the fall of 1946 to take
the examination at this time. If the
test has already been taken, it is
not necessary or advisable to repeat
it.
Further information may be ob-
tained 'in Room 4, University Hall,

terested students are asked to give
notice of their candidacy to Professor
Pearl (2024 A. H.) or to Dr. Rayment
(2030 A. H.) in advance of that date.
Past holders of the scholarships who
seek renewal should file an applica-
tion before Dec. 5 with the same
people.
Lectures
Lecture: Paul Hagen, former Ger-
man and Austrian trade union labor
leader, and author and lecturer on
the subject, "European Labor in the
Post-War World," on Friday, Nov.
30, 4:15 p.m., Room 101 Economics
Building, under the auspices of the
Workers Educational Service. The
lecture is open to the public.
Academic Notices
Make-up Final Examination in
Economics 51, 52, 53, and 54 will be
given in Room 207, Economics Bldg.,
at 3:00 today.
Biological Chemistry Seminar will
meet today at 4 p. m., in 319 West
Medical Building. "Gastro-Intestinal
Factors in the Utilization of Fats"
will be discussed. All interested are
invited.
Geology 12 make-up field trip to
Trenton, Michigan, is scheduled for
Saturday, Dec. 1st, from 8-12. All
students who missed the original
field trip must report to the Geology
office, 2051 Natural Science Building,
promptly at eight.
Events Today
The Geological Journal Club will
meet in Room 4065 N. S. Bldg., today
at 12:15 p. m. All interested are
cordially invited to attend. Bring
your own lunch, tea will be served.
Colloquium: Dr. .James P. Adams
will be the general chairman of a
colloquium on Religion in Higher
Education today at Lane Hall at 4:15.
Rabbi Judah Goldin, Ph. D. from the
University of Illinois is the guest.
Religious Education as related to the
State University will be the topic for
discussion.
Coffee [lour: Here is an opportun-.
ity for American students to meet
foreign students on campus informal-
ly. From 4:30 until 6 o'clock today,
at Lane Hall a coffee hour will be
held in honor of the students living
iu English House and the members
of the Spanish Club and the Latin
American Club. Allene Golinkin is
the hostess. Refreshments will be
served.
Kappa Phi: Meet in the Wesley
Foundation Room at 5:30 tonight for
devotionals.
Armenian Students Association:
There will be a meeting today at 7:30
p. m.. at 1001 E. Huron. All students
of Armenian parentage are cordially
invited to attend this meeting.
Hobbie Night: The American Youth
Hostell will sponsor an evening of
Folk Dancing tonight at 7:30 at
Lane Hall. ThlePhotography and
Art clubs will also meet as usual.
Gamma Delta, Lutheran Studet
Club, will have a skating party at the
Coliseum tonight from 8 to 10, to be
followed by refreshments at the
Lutheran Student Center, 1511 Wash-
tenaw Avenue.
Coming Events
The Graduate Outing Club will
hold its first activity of the semester
on Sunday, Dec. 2. We will meet at
the rear entrance (N. W. entrance)
of the Rackham Building at 2:00
p. m. and leave from there for a
hike. An informal dinner and social
are planned for the evening. Those
planning to go must make reserva-

E i, 7 . I Cl . nn . ce f---3

and fees must be paid
ier's Office by Dec. 1.
All women wishing
year must register in
League Undergraduate
The W. .. Ilammill

at the Cash-
to tutor this
tie Michigan
Of fice.
prize of $100

will be awarded for the best essay
concerning the pertinence and mod-
ernity of ideas found in classics of
thought and literature in the fields of
history, economics and political sci-
ence. The contestants for the prize
may choose any one of the following
topics: 1. Theories of relationships
between human ecology and political
systems; 2. Relationships between
political systems, ethical values, and
the concept of personal property; 3.
the individual and the state. Lists of
books that shall form the basis for
the discussion of these topics will be
supplied contestants. The essay is to
be between ten thousand and twenty
thousand words. The contest is open
to any undergraduate of the Univer-
sity of Michigan, and essays must be
submitted by March 15, 1946. Con-
testants are requested to consult with
any member of the committee on
awards before writing the essay.
Joseph E. Kallenbach
William B. Palmer
Palmer A. Throop
Eligibility Certificates for the Fall
Term should be secured before Dec. 1,
from the Office of the Dean of Stu-
dents.
Phillips Scholarships: Freshman
students who presented four units of
Latin, with or- without Greek, for ad-
mission to the University, and who
are continuing the study of either
language, are invited to compete for

BARNABY
I suggest, Barnaby, that Mr.
O'Malley get some of his Pixie
friends as references.. . My
name won't carry any weight

Some people, of course, might
consider his circle of intimates
not exactly dependable. But-

By Crockett Johnson
Gosh, Mr. O'Malley. Are you asking that invisible Leprechaun.
[t's a modest request, McSnoyd ...
I've promised Barnaby a Christmas'

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