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November 28, 1945 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1945-11-28

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AT HOME

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MOSTLY CLOUDY
CONTINUED COOL

See Page 2

VOL. LVI, No. 21 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER 28, 1945

PRICE FIVE CENTS

GM President
Shuns Capital
Labor Parley
Wilson Says He Will
Remain in Detroit
By The Associated Press
DETROIT, Nov. 27-C. E. Wilson,
president of General Motors Corpor-
ation, said today that he would not
attend a scheduled Wednesday meet-
ing in Washington at which federal
labor conciliators are taking a hand
in the week-old wage dispute that has
idled 225,000 GM employees.
"There is some mistake in regard
to the reported statement of Secre-
tary of Labor Schwellenbach saying
I had informed him I would be in
Washington tomorrow and would
take time out to talk to Mr. Warren
(chief federal labor conciliator Ed-
gar L. Warren)," Wilson declared.
"No Conversation"
"I have had no conversation with
the Secretary and I informed Mr.
Warren when I talked with him at
4 p.m. this afternoon that I would be
unable to attend the labor-manage-
ment conference in Washington this
week on account of the strike situa-
tion at GM," Wilson added.
A General Motors spokesman said
no other GM officials would attend
the Washington meeting tomorrow.
Earlier today, Secretary Schwellen-
bach had announced that representa-
tives of GM and the United Auto
Workers (CIO) would confer separ-
ately with Warren.
Wilson, commenting on the Wash-
ington report, said, "I did not at any
time give Mr. Warren any reason to
think that I would see him in Wash-
ington on Wednesday or that I would
definitely be in Washington this week
or any other time."
Informal Coniferences
Schwellenbach, in announcing the
Government's intention of seeking a
solution to the strike that hit GM
last Wednesday, said the conferences
would be informal.
The preliminary meeting with the
UAW delegation is scheduled for 3
p.m., but the secretary said he would
not necessarily participate in them.
The UAW announced shortly after
Wilson's statement was released that
Walter Reuther, union vice president,
would leave for' Washington early
tomorrow for the meeting.
Reuther Comments
Reuther, commenting on Wilson's
announcement, asserted, "General
Motors Corporation now is defying
the Department of Labor." He re-
peated previousunion charges that
GM has refused arbitration, concilia-
tion and public discussion of the
strike issues. .
The advisory board of the War
Mobilization and Reconversion Office
at Washington recommended that
General Motors and the union resume
negotiations. immediately "in the
public interest'
officials Plead
For Solution
Labor-Management
Group Fears Tie-up
WASHINGTON, Nov. 28- (AP)-
Leaders of President Truman's labor-
management conference have made
an eleventh-hour appeal to the White
House to prevent the conference from
ending in a virtual stalemate, officials
said tonight.
The officials, who can not be
quoted by name, told a reporter that
a group, including Secretary of Com-

merce Wallace, conference Secretary
George W. Taylor, and Fred Smith,
conference press officer, had sup-
ported the move.
At the same time, these sources
said, the group was not optimistic,
did not believe the President would
step in-and was uncertain whether
his intervention at this late hour
would produce results.
The conference was called in an
effort to establish machinery for min-
imizing industrial strife.
AVC Meeting To Be
Held Tomorrow
The Ann Arbor chapter of the
American Veterans Committee will
hold an organizational meeting at
7:30 p.m. tomorrow in Rn. 305 of
the Union, according to Victor J.
Baum, president.
Appointments will be made to the
housing, membership, publicity and
legislative, action committees, Baum
said.

Hull Siys His Note Did
Not Set Off Pacific War
Interpretations Made by Army Board Are
Bitterly Assailed by Former Secretary

Deans Will Meet Today To Decide
On Christmas Holiday Extension;
Marshall Chosen Envoy to China

By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON - Cordell Hull to-
day branded as "an infamous charge"
the inference in an Army inquiry
board's report that the note he hand-
ed Japanese "peace" ambassadors
Nov. 26, 1941, touched the button
that started the Pacific war.
The former Secretary of State, tes-
tifying before a Senate-House com-
mittee inquiring into the Japanese
attack on Pearl Harbor, assailed in
vigorous language the interpretations
made by the Army board.
"I sat under that infamous charge
for months when every reasonable-
minded person knew that the Jap-
anese were attempting at that time
to get complete control of the Pa-
cific," Hull declared.
"Somebody who knews little about
what was going on and who cares less
says 'Why didn't the United States
make concessions and keep us out of
war?'" he continued.
"Any reasonable person knows that

kecret Notes
Show Nazi
War Designs

Preparing
Two-thirds

To Battle
of World

By The Associated Press
NUERNBERG, Nov. 27 - A secret
German document showing that in
1938 the Nazis were preparing to
fight "two-thirds of the whole world"
to establish the Reich as the leading
power was disclosed today by the
American prosecution in the Inter-
national War Crimes trial.
This was one of the many docu-
ments placed in evidence, in whole
or in part, against the 20 Nazi lead-
ers on trial for their lives before the
international tribunal. The portion
quoted above was not read in court
and is, therefore, not yet a part of
the evidence.
Hitler's Aims
The document, taken from Navy
files, said Hitler's aims to make Ger-
many a world power probably could
not be "achieved by peaceful means"
and that Germany was forced to
make "preparations for war" against
England, France, Russia and "in fact
one-half to two-thirds of the whole
world."
For hour after hour, U. S. Assistant
Prosecutor Sidney S. Alderman ham-
mered relentlessly with scores of doc-
uments, showing that German mili-
ta ┬░y and naval leaders started rearm-
ir secretly shortly after World War
I and that they had deliberately vio-
lated the treaties of Versailles and
["ocarno.
Major Disclosures
Major disclosures during the day
were
Even before the Nazis took power
German submarines were being built
secretly in Holland, Spain and Fin-
land and that the Germans were de-
liberately falsifying the tonnage of
war ships in figures given to England
and the rest of the world.
Early in 1932
As early as October, 1932, the Ger-
mans were secretly building up a
military air force in civilian guise by
organizing and training airplane pi-
lots for combat.
On Jan. 31, 1933, the day after
Hitler came to power, the Nazis sec-
retly issued plans to build a great
armament industry.
Many of the documents presented
by Alderman were signed or initialed
by Adm. Erich Raeder.

the Japanese were bent on attack
and knows that we could not have
stopped them unless we had laid
down like cowards."
Hull earlier testified he had only an
unverifiedreport of the attack on
Pearl Harbor when he conferred with
the Japanese peace envoys at 1 p. m.,
Dec. 7, 1941.
Before Hull resumed his testimony,
Senator Scott Lucas (Dem., Ill.) said
members of the Army board prob-
ably will be called to explain their
interpretation of testimony by former
Ambassador Joseph C. Grew that the
Hull note "was the document that
touched off the button that started
the war." Grew has challenged the
interpretation
During the discussion of the Army
board report, Hull paused once to
remark that if he could express him-
self in the language he would like to
use, all "religious-minded" persons
would have to leave the hearing room.
Wheeler Stirs
Fear of Russia
In Senate Talk
Vandenburg Agrees
To Change of Charter
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON, Nov. 27 - Sen-
ator Wheeler (D.-Mont.) told his
colleagues today that if the United
Nations already were organized to
stop aggression "you would be com-
pelled to go to war with Russia."
He opposed a bill outlining the
terms of American participation in
the United Nations Organization and
urged instead "a real peace confer-
ence" to bring about disarmament,
abolition of conscription and inter-
national control of the atomic bomb.
It was the Senate's second day of
debate on the measure and it was
Wheeler's day. He read a speech four
hours long contending that hope for
the UNO was dim, that the U. S. was
"appeasing" Russia, and that present
policieshwere leading to another war.
"We have so degraded the democ-
racy for which we fought," he said,
"that, when brought to the bar of
judgment, it will be found a harlot
that has been whistled off the streets
of chaos."
Senators Connally (D-Tex) and
Vandenberg (R-Mich), members of
the U. S. delegation to the San Fran-
cisco Conference, provided most of
the challenges to Wheeler's argu-
ments.
Vandenberg, agreeing with Wheeler
on his recital of wrongs allegedly
done to smaller nations by Russia,
declared that he saw "no hope on
earth" of remedying them "except to
implement the United Nations Char-
ter."
Loyal Alumnus Heckles
Hoosiers . . But Politely
After Indiana's victory over Pur-
due Saturday shut out Michigan's
chances at a Big Ten Championship,
Jim Fleming, '08, of Elmira, sent the
following telegram to the captain of
the Indiana football team:
"Congratulations to you and your
teammates. Forty-six years is a long
time to wait for a Big Ten Champion-
ship. But no college in the Confer-
ence is happier to see you win it than
Michigan. Have a good time while
you can, but don't get too cocky.
Those youngsters of ours will beat
the pants off you next fall."

Gen. Hurley
Resigns Post
In Protest
Foreign Policy Abused
By Diplomats, He Says
By, The Associated Press
WASHINGTON, Nov. 27-General
of the Army George C. Marshall was'
appointed special enoy to China late
today after the U. S. Ambassador,
Major Gen Patrick┬░ J. Hurley, had
resigned with a bitter denunciation
of career diplomats and a warning
that a third world war was "in the
making."~
The two events, coming in rapid-
fire order, stunned the capital.
First the dashing Hurley, who was
Secretary of War under Herbert
Hoover and global trouble-shooter for
Franklin D. Roosevelt, released a
scathing 1,800 word statement virtu-
ally unprecedented in recent diplo-
matic history.
Charges Diplomats
It charged unnamed professional
diplomats with wrecking U. S. for-
eign policy. Instead of backing de-
mocracy and unity in China, he said,
they "sided with the Communist
armed party and the imperialistic
bloc of nations whose policy it was to
keep China divided against itself."
Secretary of State Byrnes went into
a quick huddle with President Tru-
ment and other officials. Then White
House Press Secretary Charles G.
Ross called "reporters into his office.
After announcing that the Presi-
dent had accepted the Hurley resig-
nation, he disclosed that Mr. Tru-
man had named Marshall as his spe-
cial envoy with the rank of ambassa-
dor. The assignment will be tem-
porary.
Telephones Xarshall., Ps
As Ross related it, the President
telephoned the five-star general, who
onl" last week retired as United
States Chief of Staff, and asked:
"Will you go, General Marshall?"
"I will, Mr. President," Marshall
replied.
Ross explained that Marshall's as-
signment "is to do a particular job
that needs to be done in China."
Hurley's statement charged that
American diplomats serving in
Chungking had thwarted realization
of politics announced by the top level
leadership of the United States.
When he had these men sent back
to Washington from Chungking, he
said, some of them were given posts
as his supervisors in the State De-
partment and some were sent as ad-
visors to the supreme command in
Asia, Gen. Douglas MacArthur.
"In such positions," he said, "most
of them have continued to side with
the Communist armed party and at
times with the imperialistic bloc
against American policy." i
Five Faculty
Members Hurt
Five members of the University
faculty were taken to University Hos-
pital late yesterday afternoon with
comparatively minor injuries received
when a station wagon driven by Dr.
Clark W. Norton, instructor in poli-
tical science, ran off the side of a
slippery country road near Platteville
village.
The following faculty members
were hospitalized for lacerations,
scalp wounds, leg and chest cuts and
other minor injuries:
Nelson W. Eddy, 1117 S. State
Street, assistant professor of Spanish.
Hsing-Chih Tien, 513 E. William,
teaching fellow in Chinese.
Hazel M. Losh, 844 E. University,
assistant professor of astronomy.
Marion McDonald, 49 Farrand,

Highland Park, assistant director of
the Detroit office of the Extension
Service.
Dr. Norton, 2644 Elmwood.
Fraternity Heads To Meet
For Election Today
Fraternity presidents will meet at
7:30 p. m. today in the Union to elect
student representatives of the Inter-
fraternity Council executive commit-
tee.

Art Renner, regular right end on
Michigan football teams for the past
three seasons, was named captain of
the 1946 Wolverine grid squad by his
teammates last night at a banquet
honoring the Michigan team and
teams from Washtenaw County high
schools held at the Union.
Pandit To Talk
On Democracy
In India T oday
Second Lecture of Year
Presents Noted Leader
"The Coming Indian Democracy"
will be the topic of Madame Vijaya
Pandit's lecture, the second in the
Oratorical Association series, to be
given at 8:30 p.m. today in Hill Au-
ditorium.
President of the All-India Women's
Conference, Madame Pandit has
played a vital role in the struggle for
independence. She has held a num-
ber of other primary posts including
that of Minister for Local Self Gov-
ernment and Health, and has been
associated with the Indian National
Congress for more than 20 years.
During her ministry, she initiated no-
table measures for child welfare, pub-
lis health and relief in the famine
areas, and led various reform move-
ments.
Madame Pandit's father, a Bom-
bay lawyer, and one of Indian's rich-
est men, gave her the advantage of a
fine education, and superior training
in English. Because of her political
opinions, she has been imprisoned
many times with her sister, Nehru,
and her husband, also a Nationalist
leader.
Madame Pandit is making her first
trip to the United States in order to
visit her daughters at Wellesley Col-
lege and to supervise the publishing
of her new book, "Sunshine and
Shadow."
Because she expects to be recalled
to India soon, arrangements were
made to have Madame Pandit ex-
change speaking dates with Owen
Lattimore. Lattimore will appear
here February 5 and holders of sea-
son tickets are asked to use the origi-
nal November 28 ticket for admis-
sion to Madame Pandit's lecture.
For Veterans
A Veterans Question -Answer
Box that will be published weekly
starts today on page 4.
Questions for the column are
compiled from letters addressed to
Veterans Editor of the Daily and
will be answered by Clark Tibbitts
and the staff of the Veterans' Ser-
vice Bureau.
Questions received by the Daily
before each Saturday morning will
be answered in the column of the
following week.
All veterans are urged to sub-
mit questions relating to any vet-
eran problems or questions.

End Art Renner Elected
'46 Grid Team Captain

4'

Principal speaker at the banquet,
sponsored by the Michigan Club, was
Head Coach and Athletic Director
H. O. (Fritz) Crisler, who lauded the
1945 Wolverine aggregation for its
fine spirit and ability to fight uphill
against great odds.
"We were outweighed, out-aged,
and out-experienced in almost every
game," Crisler said, "yet the boys
won seven out of ten on as tough a
schedule as any football team has
ever had to play."
"Some people," he continued, "have
criticized me for scheduling teams
like Army and Navy, teams almost
certain to beat us. I fail to see the
logic in such thinking. Real men do
not turn down a challenge simply be-
cause they are out-manned or out-
equipped."
Crisler went on to point out that
the men who fought and won the re-
cent war did not turn down the chal-
lenge of the Japs and Germans be-
cause they were outnumbered. "They
See BANQUET, Page 3
ELECTION FACTS:
Senior Office
Petitions Not
Yet Received
No petitions for senior offices of
the literary and engineering college
have yet been received, Charles Wal-
ton, Men's Judiciary Council presi-
dent reported yesterday.
With the deadline for petitions for
all offices set at noon today, Walton
urged members of the senior claseses
to petition for these offices.
Other campus election facts follow:
DEADLINE: Petitions must be filed
before noon today with the Men's
Judiciary committee for offices to be
filled in the Dec. 5 all-campus elec-
tion.
PETITIONS: Petitions must be
signed by 25 students and should
state the candidates qualifications,
aims and views.
OFFICERS TO BE ELECTED:
Four Union vice-presidents to rep-
resent the Medical School, the dental
school, the literary college and the
combined schools (business adminis-
tration, forestry, architecture, phar-
macology and music.)
Ten members of the J-Hop Dance
committee: three from the engineer-
ing college, five from the literary col-
lege and two from the combined
schools.
President,vice-president, secretary
and treasurer of the literary college
senior class.
President, vice-president and sec-
retary-treasurer of the engineering
college senior class.
The student members of the Board
of Student Publications.
QUALIFICATIONS: Candidates
must have two semesters left on
campus and must have an eligi-
bility card. Candidates for J-Hop
committee must be juniors, class of-
ficers must be seniors and candidates
for the Board cannot be a member of
any student publication staff.

Meeting Called
After Campus
Agitation Grows
VO Asks University
To Grant Extra Days
Whether there will be a four-day
extension of Christmas vacation for
all University students will be decided
at 10 a.m. today at a meeting of Uni-
versity deans.
The meeting of the deans was
called following widespread campus
agitation to have the end of vacation
changed from Dec. 27 to Jan. 2.
Monday, a committee representing
the veterans organization met with
President Alexander G. Ruthven to
request the extension.
"There are 2,000 veterans on cam-
pus, many of whom are looking for-
ward to their first Christmas at home
since joining the service," Bill Akers,
president of V. O. said.
Hobbs Favors Extension
That he favors extending the
Christmas vacation through Dec. 27,
28, 29, was asserted yesterday by W.
H. Hobbs, professor emeritus of geol-
ogy.
Prof. Hobbs pointed out. that the
general meetings of scientific socie-
ties all over thedcountry are sched-
uled for those dates. No meetings
have been held for four years, he
said, and consequently a great deal
of material to be reported on has ac-
cumulated.
Arrangements had been made by
many faculty members to attend
these meetings, and to read papers
which are already listed on the re-
spective programs. As it now stands,
University classes would require these
men to remain in Ann Arbor, or pro-
vide substitutes.
Prof. Hobbs said that he had talked
to many members of the faculty.
"Those interested in research favor
extension of the vacation period," he
declared.
No Business Hardship
The concensus of opinion of State
Street merchants yesterday was that
an extended Christmas holiday would
cause no business hardship.
One merchant said that the vaca-
tion period was used for inventory,
moving stocks and getting ready for
spring. and added that additional
time would be welcome
The president of a clothing firm
said that it would make no difference
to his business, since time added on
to vacation would be added on to the
end of the spring semester.
Another merchant said: "I hope
the proposed extension goes through."
$25,000 Poses
Neat Problem
For Committee
The Student Bomber Scholarship
Committee was faced yesterday with
the problem of how to dispose of ap-
proximately $25,000 in funds, now
that the G. I. Bill of Rights has ren-
dered scholarships for veterans al-
most meaningless.
The comittee, which is composed
of leading campus organizations, de-
ferred to a later date action that
would liquidate the fund, all but a
small fraction of which is invested
in war bonds.
At a meeting next Thursday the
committee will hear a summary of
veterans' financial needs by Bill Ak-
ers, president of Veterans' Organiza-
tion.
Dean of Students Joseph A. Brs-
ley, faculty advisor to. the committee,
said that the University already has
sufficient funds to meet veterans' re-
quests for loans. He said that inter-

est on such loans will be paid from
the Student Goodfellow Fund and
will not have to be paid by the bor-
rower.
Other suggestions for disposal of
the funds were: scholarships for vet-
erans whose G. I. education benefits
will not be sufficient for them to
graduate; establishment of a separate
veterans' Goodfellow Fund which
would give outright gifts to veterans
needing aid.

NO HIGH-PRESSURE:
Program of Peace, Freedom
And Security Planned by AVC

OF THE PEOPLE:
Music of Future Will Appeal
To Wider Tastes, Tourel Says.

By JACK WEISS
(Member, University Chapter, A. V. C.)
Formed less than two years ago,
the American Veterans Committee
has already made an uncommonly
huge splash in the national pond.
It has "caught on" rapidly with
.thousands of GI's without the ex-
penditure of gigantic slush funds and
without the characteristic high-pres-
sure drum-beating.
Reasons for AVC's ascendency are
manifest in its program based on
"peace, freedom, and security." At

diate expansion of housing facilities
so that the returned serviceman may
live in dignity and comfort at as low
a cost as possible.
In the nation's capital, at commit-'
tee hearings, AVC refused to fall into
illogical "veterans - first - above - all-
else" trap. AVC refused to recognize
veteran seniority over labor seniority,
offering instead its aid in working
toward full employment-so that all
groups would be assured jobs.
At San Francisco, the AVC was the
only World War II veterans group

The time will come when music will
be taken over by the masses and will
be performed as it actually exists
among the people, vivacious, dark-
haired Jennie Tourel, mezzo-soprano
of the Metropolitan Opera Company
declared yesterday.
Music must be written for the
tastes of more people, not just the
"Four Hundred," she said. Pointing
out the difficulties of performing op-
era in English, Miss Tourel said that
whereas some music should be sung
in English, good translations are dif-

ties, because the audiences under-
stand this," she pointed out.
Citing Leonard Bernstein, young
conductor of the New York City Sym-
phony, as an example of modern
American talent, the petite singer be-
lieves he will be the foremost con-'
ductor in this country. "I Hate Mu-
sic," composed of five songs about
a sophisticated 12-year-old girl, and
which Miss Tourel performed last
night, is one of Bernstein's earliest
works.
Miss Tourel was initiated as a na-
tional honorary member of Sigma
Alpha Iota, music sorority, by mem-

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