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November 21, 1945 - Image 4

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The Michigan Daily, 1945-11-21

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Fifty-Sixth Year


ZLieter6 to the &Iito

Unanimity of Allies Deteriorates


_ f S
-_;,,_"., ""may
OY t. MAlfR Taw w+a. rawme

Edited and managed by students of the University of
Michigan under the authority of the Board of Control
of Student Publications.
Editorial Staff
Ray Dixon . . . . . . . . . . Managing Editor
Robert Goldman . . . . . . . . . City Editor
Betty Roth . . . . . . . . . . Editorial Director
Margaret Farmer. . . . . . . . Associate Editor
Arthur J. Kraft. .........Associate Editor
Bill Mullendore . . . . . . . . . . Sports' Editor
Mary Lu Heath. .. . . . sAssociate Sports Editor
Ann Schutz ..... ......Women's Editor
Dona Guimaraes. . . . Associate Women's Editor
Business Stafff
Dorothy Flint . . . . . . . . . Business Manager
Joy Altman . . . . . . . Associate Business Mgr.
Telephone 23-24-.1
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Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.


THE UNIVERSITY community is filled with a
deep sense of loss on the occasion of the
death of one of its most distinguished leaders,
Dean of the Graduate School, Dr. Clarence S.
It would be impossible to chronicle completely
Dean Yoakum's contributions to the University
and the educational world, but it is appropriate
to mention here some of his work.
Always alert to the needs of the student,
as a member of the University War Board,
serving as chairman of the Co-ordinating
Committee for Veteran's Service, he was in-
strumental in establishing the present Veter-
an's Service Bureau. Earlier he planned the
Institute of Human Adjustment, which pro-
vides vocational counselling and psychologi-
cal diagnosis as well as speech correction fa-
As an educator, Dr. Yoakum believed that the
best preparation for life lay in a broad liberal.
education which included a thorough study of
every area of human knowledge. Exemplifying
his own philosophy, Dr. Yoakum is said to have
read at least the abstract of nearly every doc-
toral thesis submitted during his term as Dean
of the Graduate School, analyzing with almost
eqlual ease those concerned with psychology, his
own field, and those related to the physical sci-
Convinced that it was the responsibility of
the state and the state university to discover the
most promising people and provide scholarships
and fellowships for them, Dr. Yoakum acted for
more than 10 years as director of the Alumni
Undergraduate scholarships and was instrumen-
tal in securing the Alumni Regents scholarships
which make grants to more than 700 students per
Dr. Yoakum has left his own monument-the
lasting evidence of his understanding of the
problems of the community and of his con-
tributions to their solution.
-Betty Roth
War History
VETERANS on campus! The Michigan His-
torical Society wants your war story. The So-
ciety is collecting first hand accounts, Imanu-
scripts, diiaries, and letters of all phases of this
war in order to keep an accurate record of World
War II. These accounts are not to be published,
they will be kept on file as sources of informa-
During the last war no attempt was made to
keep such information and as a result many
valuable accounts were lost. Even today people
come across old diaries and letters that date
back to the Ciivil War, but these cases are
rare and too late. The Society is making
every attempt to get these stories on paper be-
fore they lose their accuracy.
The Society has already received many valu-
able accounts of this war. .. a diary of a Marine
on Guadalcanal, a diary of a B-24 Gunner in

Support for Chungking
To the Editor:
RE: U. S. Makes Attack Possible, editorial by
S. D. Mehta, The Daily, Nov. 20, 1945.
There's been quite a drive for support of the
Chinese Reds lately, and while it is not my in-
tention to argue the causes of the Chinese civil
war, I would like to call attention to a number
of things Mr. Mehta says.
He says that Chiang Kai-Shek planned the
attack, but his quotations from orders do not
necessarily substantiate his thesis. He notes
the permission granting Jap troops the right
to retain their arms and says it proves Chiang
has faith in his enemies. It also proves that
General MacArthur had faith in Jap Soldiers
for he too used them for awhile. That fact
that Chiang once remarked that he wanted to
"exterminate the bandits" does not prove the
motive for attack particuarly when he has
the support not only of the U. S. but also of
Finally, Mr. Mehta points out these arguments
to show that the supply of military equipment to
the central government is inconsistent with our
foreign policy, but I suspect that he is not so in-
terested in our foreign policy as he is in con-
vincing us that the civil war was deliberately
started by the northern Chinese people (there-
fore, says he, we are not permitting them to
choose their own form of government).
Since Mr. Mehta is writing a series of "articles"
might we have a little more information about
him? What has been his bias in Bombay? In
what publications did he write? How do the In-
dians rate him? People are very apt to be un-
critical of articles written by men from foreign
lands with foreign prestige.
-Dustin P. Ordway
EDITOR'S NOTE: Mr. Mehta has written for
Janmabhoomi (Vernacular Daily), Gujarati
(Vernacular Weekly), and Harifai (Vernacu-
lar Monthly) in Bombay under the pen name
'Sudama.' Mr. Meita's bias is that of most
progressive Indians. He is interested in pro-
moting a democratic Far East.
Press Befuddled
To the Editor:
S TUDENTS were asked, in a recent Daily edi-
torial, to withdraw support from the Chung-
king Nationalist Government, and to write Pres.
Truman to that effect. Before a stand is taken,
it would be wise to examine a few facts that are
missed by the press at large in their befuddle-
ment of the issue.
To be absolutely realistic, we should grant
that American foreign policy should support gov-
ernments that are closest to our own definition
of "democracy." These are two definitions of
"democracy" today-the Russian and the Anglo-
American, with the Russian exemplified by the
one party governments in, Bulgaria and other
Eastern European countries, and in Tanu Tuva
and the Mongolian People's Republic. The An-
glo-American definition recognizes the rights and
obligations of the "Opposition" as well as of the
In China, while the Chungking Government
is not at present a counterpart of Anglo-Ameri-
can democracy, its aim is to become our type of
democracy. Conversely, the Communist gov-
ernment is a "Russian type democracy." Let
us be honest with ourselves-if we support
Yenan let us say outright "we prefer Com-
munist Russian democracy to American democ-
Our memories are short. I will wager that at
the time of the Nanking Massacre of 1926 the
Daily screamed against the "anti-foreign" Chi-
nese. The leaders of this anti-American move-
ment in 1926 are the leaders of the 1945 "Com-
munist" group! This fact is never brought out
by newspapers today. Why?
American and English trained men are all on
the Chungking side. Our concepts of democracy
are not lost to foreign students trained here; so
that if we support ourselves and what we teach,
we support Chungking over Yenan. We have
trained the leaders of the Chungking Govern-

ment and of its real democratic opposition, the
Democratic League. Who can name one United
States trained Chinese with the Communists?
The Chungking government in China is the
de jure government of China under interna-
tional law. It stands in the same relationship
to law as the Union Government of the United
'States from 1861-1865 and the Loyalist or
Madrid (anti-Franco) Government of Spain in
1936-37. To stop supporting Generallissimo
Chiang Kai-Shek is to stand in that same
precarious position of supporting a revolution-
ist government that Great Britain stood in its
original support of the Confederacy. And it is
peculiar that those same people who said "Sup-
port the de jure government in Spain" are now
protesting support of the de jure government
of China.
Can we be internationalist and isolationist in
the same breath? How can those who rant
against isolationism now forbid help to Chung-
king? "Withdraw from China" is a phrase neatly

turned-it sounds strangely like a phrase from
the American Firster.
To conclude, I wish to quote from the October
1945 Chinese-American Bulletin: "We are
pleased to quote from the Chicago Herald Ameri-
can: 'After a night of bitter argument in a San
Francisco Hotel room, Tung Pi-Wu, one of the
11 founders of the Communist movement in
China and a delegate of the United Nations con-
ference, served notice on American Chinese Com-
munists today that he will return home to end
the rebellion of the Yenan Red Government in
the north. He will use all his political weight as a
father of the Communist part of China to re-
ncunce the influence of Russia because, he said,
he has come to the realization that only the
United States can and will help China as a free
nation. Tung told his shocked hearers he was
confident he could prevail on Secretary General
Mao, of the Communist party headquarters at
Yenan, to abandon the attempt at a separate
state there, and that he likewise could prevail
on Chiang Kai-shek to make the fewunimpor -
tant concessions that would admit the Commun-
ist to national affairs purely as a political party."
This is the first time that one of the fathers
of the Chinese Communist party has frankly
informed the world that the Yenan Govern-
ment is a 'rebellious' on and that the attempt
of the Communists to maintain a 'separate
state' must be abandoned.
-Robert Klinger
Chairman, University & Washtenaw
Committees for United China Relief
We Lik,,mlarnib y
To the Editor:
UHY does a pace-making Daily publish a
comic-strip for second-grade morons?
"We eatum turkey." Better you eatum crow.
-Norman Anning
Editors' Note: Better Mr. Anning join Barnaby,
O'Mally, the Sigahstaw Indian and the staff
when we eatum venison dinner come Thanksgiv-
Hurley's Work
A FEW months ago Patrick J. Hurley sup-
posedly single handed settled the Commun-
ist-Nationalist strife in China. The oil man
turned diplomat had succeeded where Stilwell,
Gauss, Chinese leaders, and a host of others
had failed. Hurley was almost a hero,
It is painfully evident now that Hurley, like
Chamberlain, pulled another Munich. There
is about as much peace in China now as there
was in Europe six months after Munich. It
took less time in China.
It would not be so bad if Hurley had failed
and that was all. But, as Maxwell S. Stewart
points out in the November 10 "Nation," Hurley
not only failed to settle the problems between
the Communists and Chiang Kai Shek's govern-
ment, he also helped to set off the present civil
war in China.
When Stilwell was in command in China, he
at length told Chiang to stop storing up Ameri-
can arms for his own little war and to use
them on the Japanese instead. Chiang de-
manded Stilwell's recall. Hurley backed up
Chiang. Stilwell was recalled, Ambassador
Gauss resigned, and Hurley became ambassa-
dor to China.
And the trouble began. The American policy
had been to distribute supplies where they could
be used most effectively against the Japanese.
But Hurley, on the weak grounds that Chung-
king was the one "legal" government in China,
announced that henceforth American supiport
would be given exclusively to the Kuomintang.
When the war ended, Hurley started playing
a game with American troops that is reminis-
cent of the actions of the British and Ameri-
cans in Russia in 1918. Vitally interested in
propping up Chiang Kai Shek, Hurley sent
American Marines to aid American-convoyed
Nationalist troops in occupying chief cities in

North China before the Communist troops
could get there. Now Hurley is keeping ships
of the U. S. Navy from coming home by using
them to transport Chiang's troops to Man-
Hurley has done more than foul up the chances
for a peaceful internal settlement in China. He
has incorporated America into the affair. And
it is ever more apparent that only with the aid
of American arms can Chungking's authority be
maintained in the vast and remote sections of
The Stilwell-Gauss policy was to encourage
and aid all Chinese factions who are working
for a democratic China. Hurley's policy, to
strengthen Chiang with American might so
China will be a buffer against Russia, means
an American force fighting with a totalitarian
faction in China.
It is high time Patrick J. Hurley was out of
a job.
-Eunice Mintz

WE ARE huddling with Great Brit-
ain; that is the net result of Mr.
Truman's conversations with Mr.
Attlee. Very little beyond the impres-
sion of huddling has come out of the
meeting.; certainly not much in the
way of policy. It is as if we hoped
that, by signing two names to a nega-
tive, instead of one, we could make it
look more like a positive.
For on the Palestine issue, as on
the atomic bomb, we have only
combined our hesitations. We have
entered into a solemn agreement
with Great Britain not to increase
Jewish immigration into Palestine
in the near future, which is exactly
the prospect that prevailed before
the agreement. We have jointly
decided not to make any immedi-
ate try at world control of the
atomic bomb, and, again, that is a
case of a new decision which fails
to alter a previous situation. In
both cases we promise action at
some later date, that is, we will
try to increase the flow of refugees
to Palestine, and we will try to pro-
mote world overseership of the
bomb; but, in both matters, the de-
cisions to do it later is also a deci-
sion not to do it now.
Our two countries are drifting to-
gether, but not for a common pur-
pose; which is why it becomes pos-
sible to suggest that we are huddling
for lack of purpose, mingling our
doubts. It is a union founded on anx-
ic't~ and.based on the proposit ion that
neither of us has too clear an idea
of what to do next. We have found
each other's hands in a cold world,
so to speak, and are waiting now to
see what happens.
PERHAPS, then, there is going to be
a firm and lasting Anglo-Ameri-
can bloc in world affairs. There are
those who have wanted it; and it
came close to being formally set up
n last week's announcements.
And yet (this is so very strange!)
suddenly, toward the end of last
week, there broke ot a renewed rip-
ple of protest, in Congress and out,
against the granting of an American
loan to our British buddy. One news-
paper writer, who hasdbeen talking to
Congressmen, reports that a well-
prepared plan exists to fight any such
loan on the floor of Congress. Statis-
tics are being compiled to show that
Britain has some investments left
in this country which she could liq-
uidate, etc.; one hears again that
Britain is not to be trusted because
she intends to nationalize her indus-
tries, and the headlines sprout. What,
so new a bloc, and already under at-
By 1Ray!,Dixon~
rOMORROW is Thanksgiving Day
and it will be one of the most
important Thanksgivings in the hi-
story of our country.
The first Thanksgiving after the
conclusion of the most horrible war of
all time should be of deep signifi-
cance to all of the Nation's families.
For many it will mark the first time in
years that whole families have been
together on this day.
Here at the University, we cele-
brate the traditional one day and
let it go at that. Classes are held
the days before and after Thanks-
giving and triple cuts are given for
not attending them.
According to University officials,
the one-day plan was adopted at the
request of students who could travel
to their distant homes for the holi-
day, even if three or four days were
allowed. This was a logical solution

at that time (1908) and no one has
complained much about it since.
This year, however, the situation
is different. Many of the 2,000 vet-
erans on this campus have not been
home for Thanksgiving in two or
three years. Missing this holiday
at home will be a real sacrifice for
them and their families. The im-
provement in transportation since
1908, when the one-day Thanksgiv-
ing holiday was first adopted on
this campus, makes it feasible for
many of them to get home and back
in two or three days.
We feel strongly that the University
admiristration and professors should
be very lenient in allowing triple cuts
to students in this situation for merely
missing a Wednesday or Friday class.
There are two alternatives fac-
ing the average veteran. He may
either miss classes or forego
Thanksgiving at home. He should
be allowed to make his own choice.


Angell Follows Student Change
Since Own Undergraduate Day

versity student (see Page 2) has
been observed by Prof. Robert C.
Angell, now chairman of the Depart-
ment of Sociology, since 1924, when
Prof. Angell, then an instructor, wrote
his doctor's thesis, "The Student
Prof. Angell has been close to
the University student since his
own undergraduate days on cam-
pus here from 1917 until 1921, when
he was a member of the Varsity
'tennis team, sports editor of the
Daily, a member of Delta Kappa
Epsilon, as well as a member of
Phi Beta Kappa.
His contact with students continued
as a faculty member when he joined
the sociology staff in 1922. His aca-
demic advancement culminated in
1935 with his appointment to full
His interest in students was rec-
ognized in 1924 by President Burton,
who requested that he make a study
of campus life and suggest methods
of counteracting the intellectual in-
difference of the student group. The
result was the book, "Methods of
Raising the Intellectual Level of Stu-
dents at the University of Michigan."
His campus career has been in-
terrupted by trips through Europe
during his sabbatical leaves, but his
latest journey was sponsored by the
United States government. On a

leave of absence from 1942 to
March, 1945, Prof. Angell advanced
from the rank of captain to that
of lieutenant colonel and was
awarded the Bronze Star for his
work as historian of the First Al-
lied Airborne Army.
His previous tours abroad included
attendance of an international sociol-
ogy conference at Brussels in 1935
and, in 1938-39, study at Heidelberg,
Geneva, and Zurich.
His family is "100 per cent Michi-
gan." His wife in a Michigan gradu-
ate, as is his son, James, who is now
pursuing graduate work in meteorol-
ogy at UCLA. His daughter, Sarah, is
attending the University junior high
school. His grandfather is James
Burrill Angell, president of the Uni-
versity from 1971 to 1909. His moth-
er's father was Thomas H. Cooley,
former Dean of the School of Law.
The Cooleys lived on the site of the
present Michigan Union.
From 1930 to 1932, Prof. Angell
served as national president of Alpha
Kappa Delta, national sociology
honorary fraternity. He also belongs
to the American Sociology Society
and the University of Michigan Re-
search Club.
Among books he has written are
"The Family Encounters the De-
pression" and "The Integration of
American Society."
-Patricia Cameron

It seems to me that the thing
makes a pattern. Is it far-fetched
to suggest that enemies of world
unity would cheerfully use an An-
glo-American bloc to break our re-
lation with Russia, and that, hav-
ing succeeded, they would then
turn happily against their own in-
strument, breaking the bloc that
broke the world!
It seems to me that as surely as
Britain and we have drifted together,
we shall now drift apart, learning all
over again that the inevitable alter-
native to an organized world is not
a stable bloc system, but bitter na-
tionalism. Once the principle of
unanimous world action is destroyed,

the cementing force goes out of
world affairs, values change, the ad-
hesiveness vanishes, and the bloc
becomes the victim of the forces
which made it, and which it has set
All this is prognosis; I do not
suggest that we have yet reached
precisely this critical phase of
bloc-making and bloc-breaking;
but unless we can halt our drift,
and get back to the principle of
unanimity, we are going to find
ourselves alone. On a street that
is dark enough all men are enemies,
and every doorway a danger, and
no hand reaches out for another.
(Copyright, 1945, N. Y. Post Syndicate)


Publication in the Daily Official Bul-
letin is constructive notice to all mem-
bers of the University. Notices for the
Bulletin should be sent in typewritten
form to the Assistant to the President,
1021 Angell hal, by 3:30 p. m. of the day
preceding publication (11:00 a. m. Sat-
VOL. LVI, No. 18
N yotices
Thanksgiving Day, Thursday, Nov.
22, is a University holiday. Classes
and other University activities will be
suspended for that day only.
The General Library and all of its
branches will be closed on Thanksgiv-
ing day, Thursday, Nov. 22.
The University Automobile Regula-
tion will be lifted for the Thanksgiv-
ing holiday from 12:00 noon on Wed-
nesday, Nov. 21 until 8:00 a. m. on
Friday, Nov. 23.
Attention Undergraduate Women:
Closing Hours, Wednesday, Nov. 21,
12:30 a. m. Thursday, Nov. 22, 11:00
p. m.
Requests for late permission on
these nights cannot be granted un-
less they are submitted to the Office
of the Dean of Women before the
offices close on Wednesday.
World War II Veterans, College of
Literature, Science and the Arts:
Veterans who need tutoring in the
subjects listed below should report
to the Office of the Academic Coun-
selors (108 Mason Hall) for assign-
ment to sections, not later than Wed-
nesday noon, Nov. 21.
Chemistry, Mathematics, French,
Physics, German, Spanish.
Friday is the last day for regis-
tering with the Bureau of Appoint-
ments without charge. After Friday a
late registration fee of $1 is required.
This applies to Feb., June, and Aug.
graduates, also to graduate students
or staff members who wish to register
and who will be available for posi-
tions within the next year. The Bu-
reau has two placements divisions:
Teacher Placement and General
Placement. The General Division in-
cludes service to people seeking posi-
tions in business, industry and pro-
fessions other than education.
Madame Vijaya Lakshmi ,Pandit,

torium box office Tuesday, Nov. 27 at
10 a. m.
.Academnic Notices
Biology Chemistry Seminar: Fri-
day, Nov. 23, at 4 p. in., in Room 319
West Medical Building. "Creatine-
Creatinine" will be discussed. All in-
terested are invited.
Persons intending to take the pre-
liminary examinations for Ph.D. in
English notify N. E. Nelson by No-
vember 24.
History : Make up examination will
be given on Friday, Nov. 30 in Room
C, Haven Hall, 4:00-6:00 p. m. All
students wishing to take examinations
must apply to their respective in-
structors and receive written per-
mission to present themselves for the
The Mathematics Concentration
Examination for those whose sched-
ules did not permit them to take the
first, will be held on Wednesday, Nov.
28 at 3 p. m. in Room 3010 Angell
Make-Up Examination : Political
Science I and Political Science II:
Wednesday, Nov. 21, 4-6 p. in., Room
2035 Angell Hall.
Events Today
Wesley Foundation Refresher today
from 4 to 5:30 o'clock for all Metho-
dist students and their friends.
The Seminar on Expansion of
Christianity will meet at 4:30 this
afternoon. This is the second session
of this timely seminar and will be
led by Mr. F. Littell at Lane Hall.
Varsity Glee Club: Important full
rehearsal for Don Cossack reception.
Final night for try-outs of new mem-
bers. Tonight 7:30, third floor, Union.
Research Club will meet tonight
at, 8:00 p. m. Professor Lawrence
Preuss will present a paper on "In-
ternational Adjudication and the
Place of Law in International Rela-
tions," and Professor David M. Den-
nison a paper on "The Radio Prox-
imity Fuze."
Deutsc her Verein : Former members
and all who are interested are invited
to the first meeting of the Verein to-
nightat 8 p. m. in the Michigan
League. Agenda : Election of officers,
program discussion, folk songs,


By Crockett Johnson

Barnaby!It's lucky I went
down to that meat market!
Slfl~d f rI f nf, tf c'rrfrn il, G.l.

What carelessness! . . . However,
I corrected the error. You'll get
a nic eardla of venison from

Er, the turkey?.. Well, there
was yours. And a few others
;n the icebox. And our deer

Oh, by the way-There's going
to be quite an affair at the
Elves, Leprechauns, Gnomes,

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