See Page 2
VOL. LVI, No. 18 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER 21, 1945
PRICE FIVE CENTS
Rose Trio To Be
Feature of Dance
Pep Rally, Varsity Night, Broadcast,
Ohio State Game Comprise Festivities
Dean Clarence Stone Yoakum of Graduate
School Dies Suddenly from Heart Attack;
Em ployees of GM Will Go On Strike Today
Benny Carter, billed as "America's
Amazing Man of Music," his orche-
stra, and the George Rose instru-
mental triohwill be featured at the
gala Homecoming 'Dance from 8:30
p. m. to midnight Saturday at the
The informal dance will be the last
of the series of events combined to
form the 1945 Homecoming Weekend.
Preceded by the giant Pep Rally,
Varsity Night, Joe Gentile ,and Ralph
Binge's broadcast of "The Early
Morning Frolic" from the Union, and
the Michigan-Ohio State game, the
dance will climax and close the week-
Carter, saxophonist, trumpeter,
clarinetist, and pianist, is nationally
hailed by critics as one of the most
versatile band leaders in the nation.
An arranger and composer as well,
Carter has been associated with
Glenn Miller and Benny Goodman
but gave up professional arranging to
devote more time to his own organiza-
Among Carter's better known com-
positions and recordings are. "Back
Bay Boogie," and "Symphony in
Riffs:" The all negro band has devel-
oped an individual style, combining
jazz with smooth dance music.
He toured Europe, learned to speak
five languages, was chief arranger for
Campus Electimn Will
Be Held December 5
Petition forms for campus offices to
be filled in the Dec. 5 election can
still be obtained in the Student Offi-
ces o .the. Uniop, but the deadline
Students will go to the polls Dec.
5 to choose two Union vice-presidents,
senior officers of the literary college
and the engineering college, ten mem-
bers of the J-Hop Dance committee
and two student members of the
Board in Control of Student Publica-
tions. In addition, a foreign univer-
sity will be selected for adoption by
the Student Organization for Inter-
national Cooperation and the World
Student Service Fund.
Officers to be chosen by the senior
class of the engineering college are
the president, vice-president and sec-
retary-treaurer. Officers elected will
continue to represent their class for
five years after graduation.
Student officers are directly in
charge of all student activities and
serve as an intermediary group be-
tween student body, administration
and Engineering Council. The presi-
dent automatically becomes a mem-
ber of the Engineering Council.
The president appoints members of
the finance, cap and gown, social and
announcement committees and in ad-
dition is the sole custodian of the
traditional Slide Rule of the engi-
Leave of Absence
Associate Prof. Samuel Einlenberg
of the mathematics department has
been granted a leave of absence for
the fall term.
He has gone to Brown University
where he will continue to work on his
Sinatra Loses Voice!
NEW YORK, Nov. 20-(4')-Frank
Sinatra lost his voice today and was
ordered by his doctor to close his
mouth for 24 hours to avoid serious
damage to his much swooned-over
I CAMPUS EVENTS
Today:'Deadline for Book Distri-
bution at the Student Book
Today: Veterans' Organization
meet at 7:30 p. m. at the
November 23: Pep Rally at Ferry
Field. Meet at 7 p. m. in
front of the Union.
November 23: Varsity Night Per-
the British Broadcasting Corporation
in London several years, then re-
turned to New York to organize his
Carter and his orchesra have at-
tained fame in the motion picture
'field as well, appearing in productions
by Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer, Twentieth
will be featured Saturday
Century-Fox, and Universal. The
band was featured with Lena Horne
in "As Thousands Cheer" and earlier
appeared in "Stormy Weather."
The George Rose trio, popular De-
troit cocktail combination, will be on
hand Saturday night to entertain the
dancers during intermissions.
Featured by radio station WWJ in
Detroit, the piano, guitar, and string
bass trio has previously appeared with
See HOMECOMING, Page 2
union 't o Hold
Puritans and their gentle women
folk are invited to relax their social
codes for the pre-Thanksgiving dance
from 9 p. m. to midnight today in the
Bill Layton and his orchestra, who
probably won't be dressed in any-
thing as silly as the buckled hats of
their pilgrim fathers, will play such
appropos Thanksgiving hits as I Got
a Woman and Its Been a Long, Long
Late permission has been granted
girls for the dance until 12:30 a. m.
The dance is a regular Union mem-
bership affair and tickets are now on
sale at the Union main desk.
Pro grain Ends
Official notification of the discon-
tinuation of the Army's Intensive
Japanese Language School here ef-
fective Jan. 5 has been received by
the University business office, vice-
president Marvin L. Niehuss an-
The several hundred students now
taking the course are tentatively
scheduled to be shipped to Fort
Snelling, Minn., for further train-
ing when the school closes here, Nie-
The school, begun here in Jan.,
1943, has been under the direction
of Joseph K. Yamagiwa, now in Ja-
pan on a two month leave to assist
in the armed forces bombing survey.
During his absence, Miss Hide She-
hara has served as acting director
of the program.
Call for Walkout
Issued by Thomas
By The Associated Press
DETROIT, Nov. 20-Authoritative
sources close to high ranking officers
of the United Auto Workers (CIO),
said tonight that a general strike of
325,000 General Motors Corporation
employes is to begin at 11 a. m. to-
The strategy of the union, it was
learned, presumably would be to
make no announcement in advance
of the actual walkouts but that an
official statement would be issued
once the strike was "in effect."
UAW President R. J. Thomas and
other top officials of the union con-
ferred into late hours tonight formu-
lating the strategy to be used.
All General Motors units in 20
states, from the biggest auto plants
to the smallest feeder units, are to be
struck simultaneously, the usually re-
liable source said.
The strike call was issued late
today by R. J. Thomas after a clos-
ed meeting of the strike strategy
committee of the union.
Thomas' announcement climaxed
a succession of rapidly moving
events which began earlier today
when General Motors said it would
reply on or before Friday to a
union demand that wage issues be
submitted to arbitration.
The UAW had set 4 p. m. (EST) to-
day as a deadline for company reply
to the proposal.
The 200 delegates to the GM coun-
cil of the UAW termed the company
reply "a stall pure and simple," and
spent little time in voting unanimous-
ly in favor of a strike.
No Daily Friday
The Michigan Daily will not be
published Friday because of the
Thanksgiving Day holiday.
fin Be mRetamed
Exchange Will Close
All Accounts Today
Unsold books left with the Student
Book Exchange after this afternoon
automatically become the property of
the Exchange and subject to disposal
at the decision of the executive board.
Distribution of books will end today
following a final period of returns
from 3 to 5 p. m. in Lane Hall. At
that time all accounts with the Ex-
change will be considered closed.
This action is in -accord with the
contract each person who turned
books over to the Exchange signed..
It states that the owner of books is
responsible for picking up his texts
during the two week period follow-
ing the close of the Exchange sales
room. The Exchange store closed
The power to dispose of books not
picked up by this afternoon was voted
to the executive board at the last
meeting of the Exchange.
Rev. Martin Niemoeller, German
pastor who defied the Nazis, is "the
most dangerous man in Germany to-
day," Stan Swinton, '40, former Daily
city editor,'declared yesterday.
Swinton, who was Mediterranean
correspondent for Stars and Stripes,
was discharged in July and is now on
leave in Ann Arbor from the Asso-
ciated Press New York office. He in-
terviewed Niemoeller following the
Lutheran leader's release from Lago
di Braes concentration camp in
northern Italy May 5. Niemoeller had
been interned with Kurt Schusch-
nigg, former Austrian chancellor, and
Leon Blum, former French premier.
Swinton said that atrocities com-
mitted in the camp were self-evident,
but that Niemoeller had told him
there were none. He admitted hav-
ing written a letter to Grand Ad-
miral Erich Raeder in 1939, asking
to be accepted for naval service, but
the petition had been rejected by Hit-
ler. Niemoeller had been a U-boat
commander in World War I.
Not a Martyr
Far from being a martyr, Niemoel-
ler, Swinton believes, is "a politician
and an opportunist who may pave
the way for another strong German
nationalist state. .He had never been
opposed to the war nor to the perse-
cution of the Catholic Church and
the .Jews." Swinton described his
split with Hitler as a "doctrinal dis-
pute," because Hitler tried to sub-
Vlictory R eunion
T'o Be Held for
Alumni in June
A Victory Reunion long planned
and long delayed, will be held Thurs-
day, Friday and Saturday of Com-
mencement Week, next June it was
announced yesterday by Robert O.
Morgan, secretary of the Class Offi-
This will be the first reunion held
at the University since 1943. At that
time, the University, agreeing with
governmental regulations, suspended
such functions during the war.
Dedicated to Alumni
Seldom before in the history of
Michigan has such a giant reunion,
embracing all classes irrespective of
their date of graduation, been
planned. In 1937 former students
were invited to the Centennial Cele-
bration of the adoption of the Consti-
tutional provisions relative to the es-
tablishment of the University. Alumni
of 107 classes were represented on
the occasion. Ordinarily, reunions of
each class are held every five years,
but Morgan announced that with the
cessation of war all alumni are being
asked to attend the function.
The VictoryReunio will be dedi-
cated to all alumni and alumnae who
have participated in the second
See REUNION, APage 2
"I Married t ngel"
Our candidate for the Neatest
Trick of the Week is the following
excerpt from the obituary column
of a metropolitan newspaper:
"In 1924, Mr. Beha married Miss
Katherine McMorrough, New York
City. She died in 1919."
Rev. Niemoeller Called
stitute a religion of the state for
Niemoeller's philosophy, Swinton
said, is "the body belongs to the state
but the mind belongs to God," and
this view supports the German theory
of the dictatorial ruler. Swinton
quoted Niemoeller as saying that de-
mocracy can't exist in Germany be-
cause "the Germans are a good peo-
ple but they must be told what to do."
Swinton said that Niemoeller is
now attacking atrocities in concen-
tration camps, which he did not do
before, in a bid to become the premier
of a united Germany. He is influen-
tial with Ambassador Robert Murphy,
and "he has religion to trade on."
Swinton is the son of Prof. Roy
Swinton, of the College of Engineer-
ing. He wil leave for India, and pos-
sibly Java, in December as an Asso-
ciated Press foreign correspondent.
Meeting Scheduled To
Discuss Cost of Living
"To reduce the cost of living for
veterans in Ann Arbor the Veterans'
Organization needs the full coopera-
tion of all veterans on campus," Wil-
liam Akers, president of V.O. said.
Following an announcement in The
Daily yesterday that reported the
findings of a V.O. housing committee
on high prices of rooms and food, the
V.O. will meet at 7:30 p. m. today in
the Union to discuss the items.
At the meeting action will be ini-
tiated for the establishment of a
non-profit eating place on campus for
veterans and students. All veterans
who are interested in such an or-
ganization should be present at the
Officers for V. O. will be elected
and various committee members will
be appointed at the meetings. The
meeting will end by 8:30 p. m.
Wives of veterans will be meeting
simultaneously in the Grand Rapids
room of the League. All wives who
have not been previously contacted
are urged to attend this meeting.
WASHINGTON, Nov. 20 - (/P) -
President Truman announced today
the immediate retirement of Gen.
George C. Marshall and the nomina-
tion of Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower to
succeed him as chief of staff.
The President also announced to a
news conference that he had selected
Fleet Admiral Chester W. Nimitz to
succeed Fleet Admiral Ernest J. King
as chief of naval operations. This
change will be made effective shortly
after Christmas at a date to be
agreed upon by Nimitz and King.
The president said General Joseph
T. McNarney, one time deputy chief
of staff, will succeed Eisenhower im-
mediately as commander of United
States forces in Europe, and as Amer-
ican representative on the Allied
Control Commission in Europe.
Mr. Truman said that both King
and Marshall long ago expressed a
desire to retire after the defeat of
Northwestern University, returning
here again in 1930 to take the posi-
tion of Vice President incharge of
In January, 1935, he was ap-
pointed dean of the school, of
graduate studies which he held un-
til the time of his death. "That he
might devote more time to the
Deanship of the graduate school"
Dr. Yoakum resigned his vice presi-
dency at the Board of Regents
meeting of November 11, 1944.
Dr. Yoakum was dean of graduate
school when the Rackham funds be-
came available to the University. He
was a principal planner in designing
the interior of the building.
Among his other accomplish-
ments on campus was the creation
of the Institute of Public and So-
cial Administration which includes
curriculum and social work.
He was instrumental in forming
the Institute for Human Adjust-
ment, which includes the Psycho-
logical and Speech clinics.
Dr. Yoakum was born Jan. 11, 1879,
in Leavenworth County, Kansas. He
received his bachelor of arts degree
Opposing Forces Race
For Manchurian Posts
By The Associated Press
CHUNGKING, Nov. 20-Chinese
Communists and Nationalist forces
raced today for strategic positions
within Manchuria, said press reports
which indicated the Reds were in
the lead of the contest with entry
into Changchun, capital of the huge
Unofficial reports said Generalis-
simo Chiang Kai-Shek's government
and Soviet officials would soon open
a new conference in Moscow or
Chungking on the critical situation
Four thousand Chinese Communist
troops have entered Changchun, the
China Times said. The newspaper
made no mention as to whether Rus-
sian. forces had evacuated the city.
Unconfirmed reports earlier had said
the Chinese Reds had seized airfields
at Changchun and other Manchurian
Nationalist troops, exploiting last
week's break through the Great Wall
at Shanhaikwan, drove 23 miles
through faint opposition to occupy
3uichung, on the Tientsin-Mukden
railroad, 190 miles southwest of Muk-
den, the China Times reported.
The Communists have declared
that Nationalist troops making the
drive into Manchuria were American-
armed and equipped.
The unconfirmed reports of the
pending Nationalist-Russian confer-
ence said the Soviet had advanced 20
conditions which Chiang's govern-
ment must meet before the Russians
would permit Nationalist troops to
be flown into Manchuria, removing.
the necessity for an overland drive.
"The war is over but peace has not
yet been declared," Major General
Myron C. Cramer, said yesterday at
the graduating exercises of the 25th
and 14th Officer Candidates Classes
of the Judge Advocate General's
"The nation and the Army face
grave issues in the problems of occu-
pation, demobilization and the main-
tenance of an adequate military or-
ganization to meet the obligations of
this country to its own people and
those of our allies, for the construc-
tion of a lasting peace of freedom
and international good will," said
General Cramer who is the Judge
Advocate General of the Army.
Emphasizing the continuing impor-
tance of the Judge Advocate Gen-
eral's Department, General Cramer
said that the volume of war claims
will grow for a considerable time to
come, that the continued services of
the Legal Assistance Branch are of
vital importance to the enlisted man
and his dependents, and that the
need of qualified legal counsel at
every Service Command and large
military post is as acute as ever be-
Deutscher V erein T o
Hold First Meeting
The first meeting for the current
semester of the Deutscher Verein will
Health Was Poor; Death Closes
15 Years Service to University
The sudden death of Dr. Clarence Stone Yoakum last night concluded
an uninterrupted term of 15 years service at the University.
Dr. Yoakum, Dean of the Horace H. Rackham School of Graduate
Studies at the time of his death, was stricken with a heart attack while
at dinner with his family. He would have been 67 next January.
Although he was at his desk daily as dean of graduate studies, his
health had been poor.
Dr. Yoakum first came to the University in 1924 as professor of personnel
management. He left Michigan for one year to become Dean of the College
of Literature, Science, and the Arts at?
DEAN YOAKUM ...
from Campbell College in Kansas in
1901 and a doctor's degree in psychol-
ogy from the University of Chicago
in 1908. Appointed in 1908 head of
the philosophy and psychology de-
partment of University of Texas, he
served there until 1917 when he en-
tered the psychological service of the
United States Army attaining the
rank of Major at the time of his dis-
charge in 1919.
After his marriage in 1919 to Lou-
ise Branch Storey of Austin, Texas,
he assumed the directorship of the
bureau of personnel research at the
Carnegie Institute until his trans-
fer here in 1924.
Dr. Yoakum had been associated
with the following organizations
and societies: American Psycholog-
ical Association, A.A.A.S., Institute
of Management, American Associ-
ation of University Professors,
Sigma Xi, Gamma Alpha, Phi
Gamma Delta, Phi Kappa Phio.
Dr. Yoakum was the author of two
books, "Army Mental Tests," 1920,
and "Selection and Training of Sales-
men," 1925. His field of speculation
was psychology, having done exten-
sive work concerning personnel man-
agement, applied psychology, mental
fatigue, and persistent complexes.
Dr. Yoakum's survivors are hh wife
and one daughter, Mrs. William Bet-
ker, now serving with the WAVES.
Funeral services are tentatively
planned for Friday. Dr. Yoakum's
Ann Arbor address is 2017 Hill St.
Conciliator To Attempt
Negotiating Hoover Strike
An attempt to reopen negotiations
in the stalemated Hoover Ball Bear-
TREND FROM THE TWENTIES:
Campus as "Social Praetice Ground" for 'U' Students
Is the University still the "social
practice ground" it was for students
in the 1920's?
Prof. Robert C. Angell, chairman of
the sociology department, doesn't
He believes that now a larger
proportion of students have a ser-
ious interest in their academic
wnrk. His estimate of the situa-
who wish to become cultured; it is a
social practice ground where men and
women learn to make friends and to
carry on mutual undertakings, where
they acquire a certain amount of
polish, and enjoy, free from worries,
the most delightful period of their
Today, Prof. Angell asserts, stu-
dents are no longer indifferent in-
body, many, even including some who
had to work their way through col-
lege, came here only to distinguish
themselves in extra-curricular pur-
"A college career with all its gla-
mour and its social prestige is the
object often sought, not necessarily
the well-rounded development of
the mind," he wrote in 1924 in his
, . . .04_A__4
the women who have entered since
the beginning of the war have had
no particularly deep intellectual in-
terest," he added.
He also remarked that even now,
the University campus is very apa-
thetic to modern problems as com-
pared to European universities.
In the earlier period, Prof. Angell
suggested that an intellectual elite