THF MICHIGAN DAILY
Proposed Changes in Cabinet
The Courage of Convictions Is Passive
Edited and managed by students of the University
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NIGHT EDITOR: DOROTHY POTTS
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
There is always a once in a life time for almost
everything and for the students of the Univer-
sity of Michigan, one of those times is the
Kampus Kapers show at Hill auditorium to-
Why? It is very simple. For more years
than many care to recall one of the few con-
stant things on campus has been an apathetic
attitude. Most of us seem to think that it
doesn't make much difference whether I have
anything to do with the community; the other
fellow can do it just as well.
The main difficulty has been that there hasn't
been enough of the "other fellow," that the work
of making this campus more likely than the
Stadium in January has fallen to too few
people. The result has been the obvious one
that so many have deplored.
But in Kampus Kapers there is another oppor-
tunity for the students to shed their lethargy.
Again a few campus leaders have taken the
initiative for all the campus. As far as organ-
ization is concerned that's as it should be.
THE SUCCESS OF THE SHOW DEPENDS
ON THE CAMPUS. If the production goes over,
if the campus shows an interest in its own com-
munity life, there is the real possibility of some-
thing more being done.
Here is our chance in a life time. Let's not
muff it again. -Stan Wallace
An Open Letter
An open letter to Congress:
Most of the Gerald Nyes and Hamilton Fishes
Last Nov. 7. the people of the United States
expressed their desire that this nation reject
isolationism and cooperate fully with the other
countries of the world in establishing a post-war
international organization which will be respon-
sible for the prevention of further world con-
This is a mandate from the people to their
The American people have acted to remove
elements similar to those present in the gov-
ernment during the Wilson administration
which prevented America from taking part in
any world agreement leading to permanent
It is time for our representatives in Congress
to rise above petty partisan politics of the party-
line type. the present and the future demand
statesmen, not party hacks.
Last week, in the midst of the greatest battle
in the world's history, we celebrated the ces-
sation of World War I --let's keep the number
of Armistice Day celebrations down to two!
The United States Congress has the power to
guide the peoples of the earth toward either war
or peace. Congress must realize its solemn duty
to America and the world.
This is truly a time for greatness.
Here's one for Ripley.
James C. Petrillo, the president and dictator
of the American Federation of Musicians, has
.. .... - 4- 1t, .-f+ erof li'n m 7 rrrntih ban
By DREW PEARSON
Lt. Col. Robert S. Allen now in active service
with the Army.)
WASHINGTON - Nov. 15 - Those around the
White House say that this time the Pres-
ident means business when it comes to cleaning
out his Cabinet. Of course, this word has been
passed out so often that some intimates are
keeping their fingers crossed.
However, it is a fact that Roosevelt is now
faced with some situations he cannot escape,
other situations which have made him sore. In
the former category is Cordell Hull's health. In
the latter category is Jesse Jones. As a result
various names have been put in the White
House Cabinet hopper and are being examined
Here are some of the names which may fea-
ture in the new cabines.
Secretary of Commerce Marriner Eccles,
now chairman of the Federal Reserve Board; or
Leon Henderson; or Chester Bowles, now OPA
administrator; or Beardsley Ruml, author of the
Ruml tax plan and considered a liberal big-
Secretary of Labor - Dan Tobin, head of
the teamsters' union; or John Winant, now
Ambassador to London and former head of
the International Labor Office. Winant, how-
I'D RATHER BE RIGHT:
A Trip to a Faetory
By SAMUEL GRAFTON
A KRON, OHIO, NOV. 15-The rubber smell is
like baked potatoes, in front of one cargo ele-
vator at the Firestone plant. It changes while
you walk down the corridor; when you reach the
next elevator the rubber smell is like dried fish.
But not like good baked potatoes or good dried
fish. It is like parodies of these smells.
After a while you stop being conscious of the
rubber, which is always trying unsuccessfully'
to smell like something else, and you become
conscious of the men working in the factory.
You do not get an H. G. Wells push-a-button
feeling in a tire plant. You get more of a mere
man feeling. A man has to form the tire on the
cylinder. It is intricate; he lays one strip of
the rubber substance over another, and a big
turning machine in front of him keeps doing
about-faces and handing him what he wants
just when he needs it. But the man is not
tending the machine; the machine is tending the
man and he is making the tire.
The city of Akron is conscious of the men
working in the rubber factories. The United
Rubber Workers of America has 60,000 mem-
bers here, out of 350,000 people living in the
city and county. There has just been an elec-
tion in the Goodrich local; it is front page
news, like a municipal election. People know
the names. The United has a building of its
own on Main Street, named the United Build-
ing, of course. Nobody in Akron drops dead if
you say "union." Absolutely nobody drops
There is an Akron post-war Planning Com-
mittee of five. One of the five is the vice-
president of a machine company, and one is the
head of a hardware company, and one is the
general manager of a department store, and
two are labor men, one A. F. of L., one C. I. O.
The recent War Chest drive had a labor co-
chairman. It was a successful drive. They say
the Community Chest used to have a bit of
difficulty, back in the middle thirties; the re-
sentment of unorganized labor used to show
itself in a kind of holding back against such
civic activities as this. But many things were
different in the middle thirties. Bullets flew
on Market Street here in one strike during
the middle thirties.
Akron gives you the feeling that the kind of
efficient, matter-of-fact Americans who run
newspapers, and charity drives, and munici-
pal government have, at least here, caught
up with the labor movement. They like a
matter-of-fact relationship with labor. They
don't want it hot. They want it matter-of-
fact. It's better when it's matter-of-fact.
Then I remembered the recent Presidential
campaign, and I knew, finally, why I had felt'
all along that there was something old-fashion-
ed about it. The losing side tried, through its
anti-Hillman drive, to make an hysterical issue
of organized labor's participation in American
politics, at a time when the average newspaper,
civic organization, and municipal government
is becoming quite accustomed to organized
labor's participation in many activities of Am-
erican life. When a man can be invited to
serve on a municipal postwar planning commit-
tee, because he is of labor and yet be denounced
as a dangerous man for entering politics, be-
cause he is of labor, somebody must be making
a terrible mistake. The G. O. P. made the mis-
one of the most exciting adventures in Am-
erican life is taking place, the integration of the
organized labor movement into every routine
activity of the American community. It is not
the drawing of a class line, but much more like
the wiping out of a class line. The Republican
National strategists looked at one aspect of this
mighty process, and blinked, and called it a
raid. They didn't understand.
That is what I learned in Akron, along with
the fact that rubber can smell like peaches
frying in fish oil.
Postmaster General - Robert Hannegan.
Frank Walker, now Postmaster General, be-
lieves that the Democratic national chairman
should also be Post-Master and, being a retiring
person anyway, Walker is ready to step out.
Secretary of Agriculture - Roosevelt is hoping
to persuade Henry Wallace to take this job
again. If not, Wallace will be offered the am-
bassadorship to Moscow, considered vitally im-
portant, or chairmanship of the international
food organization. Roosevelt feels that it would
be difficult politically to make Wallace Secre-
tary of State because of opposition from Hull
and Senate reactionaries.
Secretary of State - Ex-Justice Jimmy
Byrnes or Ambassador Winant. Appointment
of Byrnes would smooth things down for Hull,
who isn't anxious to resign even though in the
hospital. Hull would kick like a mule if Sum-
ner Welles or Wallace were to succeed him.
Byrnes also gets along well with Senate For-
eign Relations chairman Tom Connally and
Secretary of the Interior - Harold Ickes.
Attorney General -Francis Biddle.
Roosevelt will not accept either Biddle's or
Ickes' resignation. They were his top campaign
Kennedy and Roosevelt... .
One of the mysteries of the recent campaign
was what went on inside the White House when
ex-Ambassador Joseph Patrick Kennedy, who
had been damning Roosevelt up and down for
weeks, went to call on the man he criticized.
It was known that Kennedy had reserved
radio time to blast the President. It was real-
ized that he had powerful influence with the
Irish, especially in Boston and Brooklyn, where
Roosevelt strength was shaky. Kennedy had
served as chairman of Roosevelt's Securities and
Exchange commission, as chairman of his Mari-
time Commission, had been sent by him as Am-
bassador to London. Nevertheless, Joe was crit-
ical of FDR's foreign policies, had been care-
fully coked up for public attack.
At this point, Bob Hannegan persuaded Joe
to drop in at the White House.
During that visit, Roosevelt didn't say a word
about politics. He didn't ask Kennedy to sup-
port him. He didn't ask him not to deliver his
planned radio attack.
What the President did was to talk about
Joe's son who was killed in the war, about old
times when the two men were working together,
and about plans to use U. S. merchant ships
after the war. He asked Joe if he would make
a study of Henry Kaiser's plan for a stream-
lined steamship organization to, take American
goods all over the world in American bottoms.
Joe didn't say much when he left the White
House - but he cancelled his radio time. Later,
he told Bob Hannegan that he did not vote
Navy Department Reshuffle . .
Secretary of the Navy Forrestal finally has de-
vised a plan to elevate his old Wall Street
friend, Struve Hensel, to the job of Assistant
Secretary of the Navy. He has been wanting
to do it for a long time, but there were too many
Wall Streeters running the Navy to add any
Here is the new solution. You can write it
down as definite that able John Sullivan, now
Assistant Secretary of the Treasury, will become
Undersecretary of the Navy around Jan. 1. A
New Hampshire Democrat and no banker, Sul-
livan will replace Republican banker Ralph
Bard, who came out publicly for Dewey. With
banker Bard out of the picture as Undersecre-
tary of the Navy,, Forrestal figures he can then
bring in banker Hensel as Assistant Secretary.
Hensel already is chief of the Navy procurement
legal division but wants a handle to his name.
Diplomatic Chaff.. .
Soviet Ambassador Gromyko carries a small
dagger in a gold sheath on the belt of his full-
dress ambassadorial uniform. It is a Cossack
dagger, once used by the Czar's crack troops to
terrorize revolutionists. Stalin, who, before the
revolution, was arrested by the Cossacks and
sent to Siberia, now has his diplomats wear these
daggers as part of their formal regalia . .. Am-
bassador Gromyko wore his at the ornate recep-
tion last week celebrating the Soviet Revolution.
U. S. career diplomats, noting Gromyko's
gilded epaulets, gold stripes and dagger, were
envious. They long have wanted a formal uni-
form ... They have worn no uniform since Ben-
jamin Franklin appeared as Ambassador to
France in ordinary clothes, refused to don court
dress and was the sensation of the French court.
Franklin argued that he represented a nation of
rebellious farmers, merchants and frontiersmen
who believed more in dmocracey than in kingly
folderol . . . Since then U. S. ambassadors have
stuck to plain evening clothes, with grey-striped
pants and cutaway in the afternoon . . . At
the Court of St. James, U. S. ambassadors usual-
ly bow to British custom and wear knee breeches,
though Ambassador Charley Dawes rebelled,
wore ordinary long pants.
(Copyright, 1944, United Features Syndicate)
ever, would prefer to be Secretary of State..
Tobin9 if appointed, is about the only AFL
leader who would be acceptable to the CIO.
It is all good and well to say that
one must have the courage of his
convictions. But, too often people do
not possess the convictions of which
to have the courage. They exist
in a sort of comatose pre-conscious-
ness that passively accepts what
1 propagandists pour into it.
Now, as Plato pointed out, noth-
ing can be generated from nothing.
Empty heads-or heads cluttered
with uncorrelated data, do not pro-
duce thought. If Descartes' law,
"I think; therefore, I am" were
literally true, this campus would
soon be depopulated. - What passes
for thought here is frequently just
its opposite: a collection of carefully
conditioned reflexes so directed as
to make us indisinguishable from the
other animals inhabiting this uni-
Thought has to do with the use
of our symbolic faculty-which is
to say language-,with the forma-
tion of concepts, and the gradual
acquisition of wisdom. For that
reason, advanced intelligence ex-
aminations are divided into mech-
anical and ideational catagories.
Mechanical intelligence is a mat-
ter of aptitude; ideational intelli-
gence is a matter of cultivation.
The manufacture and use of tools
for purposes of self-preservation
are almost instinctive. But the
development of intellect for pur-
poses of understanding is self-
imposed and arduous. That is why
people who reject every other kind
of authoritarianism, insist on men-
tal discipline, and the employment
of our cultural heritage to such an
There is a continuity in Western
civilization that goes back to the
Graeco-Roman and Judeo-Christian
traditions. These we must, see de-
velopmentally if for no other reason
that the very practical one of com-
prehending today's world. Today's
world is little more than the pro-
longation of yesterday's.
The anti-intellectual Mr. Malcolm
Bingay who, as editor of a metropoli-
tan Detroit newspaper prefers nt to
hire college graduates, likes Arist:mle
little and Plato less. He once said
in a column laughingly called "The,
Pellucid Pillar" that it would be as
foolish to read the Greek classics in
our time as it would be for us to c,.n-
sult a map of the ancient world be-
fore going abroad.
Plato had a name for the likes of
Mr. Bangay. He called them misol-
ogists, people who hate ideas. Mr.
Bingay's heroes are not thinking
men. They are business tycoons like
E. T. Keller and Bill Knudsen or in-
ventors like Thomas Edison. I won-
der whether even Mr. Bingay woalid
assert that a resourceful person who
wished to improve the incandescent
light could do so without under-
standing the principle upon which
it operated originally. Of course he
could not-any more so that is. than
speculative philosophy can ad!vance
beyond Plato without first mastering
Platonism and exploring the pre-
Socratic soil from which it sprang.
Shall we alter Newtonian phy-
sics before peering into Newton?
Shall we read O'Neill's "Mourn-
ing Becomes Electra" and neglect
its source, Aeschylus' "Agamme-
Comedian Bob Hope's ghost writ-
wisecracks has topped the best-seller
list for months on end. Is it to be
given priority over Homer? The
matter is soon reduced to aosurdity
by such comparisons-but they are
not uncalled for.
One school alone has atempted,
in any real sense, to act .pon ithe
indisputable premise that books are
for the mind what food is for the
body. St. Johns is that tiny beacon
in the academic fog of higher educa-
tion. A great deal of mis-informa-
tion has been disseminated about St.
Johns. Many so called liberals iave
referred to it as "obsucrantist" :ad
"reactionary." They call it part (f
a plot to revive "medievalism." Pro-
fessor Sidney Hook of N. Y. U. has
held it up as indication of the new
failure of nerve."
I simply cannot believe men like
Hook have read over the St. Johns
list of great books. It does inclirle
the works of Homer, Acquinas, Dan-
te, Chaucer, Archimedes, etc. But
it also includes the works of Pcim-
caire, Russell, Freud, Marx, and
Darwin to mention but a few of tl.e
moderns. Take Marx. I defy any-
body, the omniscient Bingay includ-
ed, to understand "Das Kapital"
without first having understood the
classic economists, the French social-
ists, and the German mystics--all
antedating Marx. Professor Hook
has himself made that point.
It is, as an example, the nub
of this question. We shad either
act upon it by wholesale curricu-
lar revision or, in one long ecstasy
of renunciation, kiss the arts good-
bye. -Bernard Rosenberg
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
(Continued from Page 2)
plementary gasoline rationing should
be obtained by calling University
Organized Transportation Plan
L. M. Gram, Chairman
Fraternity and Sorority Presidents
of groups which maintain houses on
the campus, or which formerly main-
tained houses, should apply to the
Office of the Dean of Students at
once for a blank for listing current
Student Organizations which wish
to be reapproved for the current
school year should report their off i-
cers at once to the Dean of Students,
Rm. 2, University Hall.
University-Owned Cars and Trucks:I
All those who find it necessary to
requisition University - owned cars
from the Pool should file their appli-
cation with E. C. Pardon, Auto Direc-
tor, in the Buildings and Grounds
office, University Ext. 317, not less
than 49 hours before the vehicle is
to be ready. For those requiring the
use of University trucks, application
should be made to 0. E. Roszel in the
Storehouse office, University Ext.
The rates now in effect are as
follows : Sedans, $.05 per mile ; Sta-
tion Wagons, .07 per mile; Minimum
charge, $1.00. Trucks, 2 Ton & un-
der, with driver, $1.75 per hour;
Trucks, 2%/2 Ton & over, with driver,
$2.25 per hour; Minimum charge for
Women students will have 12:30
a.m. permission Wednesday, Nov. 22,
and 11 permission Thursday Thanks-
giving Day. House heads may give
permission to residents to leave town
for the Thanksgiving Holiday pro-
vided such students return in time
for their first class on Friday. House
heads may not grant late permission
for Thanksgiving Day.
The Extension Service is offering
seven courses this fall, all of which
will begin this week.
Body Conditioning, taught by Mrs.
Dorothy Miller, and Painting and
Composition taught by Professor
Emil Weddige, met for the first time
last night. Enrollments will still be
taken at the next class meeting on
Professor Avard Fairbanks will
teach Sculpture to both beginning
and advanced students; Mr. Peck-'
ham and Mr. Storm will offer His-
tory .of Printing; and Professor del
Toro will teach a class in Beginning
Spanish, all of these classes to begin
on Tuesday, Nov. 14.
Music Appreciation, especially to
music lovers, will offer information
about works to be presented in the
Choral Union concerts. Professor
Glenn D. McGeoch will teach this
class, beginning on Wednesday.
Advanced Spanish, taught by Pro-
fessor del Toro, will have its first
meeting on Thursday evening.
Further information may be ob-
tained at the Extension Office, 107
Registration: Registration is being
held this week at the University Bur-
eau of Appointments and Occupa-
tional Information, 201 Mason Hall.
Blanks for registration may be had
by calling at the office of the Bureau
from 9 to 12 a.m. and 2 to 4 p.m.
from Tuesday through Friday. There
is no registration fee. This registra-
tion is for students who will be
available in February, June, August
University of Michigan Symphony
Orchestra, Gilbert Ross, Acting Con-
ductor. Open by audition to all stu-
dents in the University. Cellists and
violists particularly needed Re-
hearsals Tuesdays and Fridays 4-
5:45. See Professor Ross, 606 Burton
Varsity Glee Club: Please report at
the back entrance of Hill Auditorium
near Thayer Street, this evening.
Assemble in the classroom on 2nd
floor at 7 p.m. sharp. Program begins
at 7:30 p.m.
The University of MIchigan Wo-
men's Glee Club will not hold a
rehearsal this evening. The next
meeting will be Friday, Nov. 17 at
Urgent Call for Dailies: Mrs.
Buchanan at the Museum would like
more Dailies for the boys in service.
Concert Band: The University
Concert Band will not rehearse to-
night, but Thursday at four thirty
Dr. Haven Emerson, Non-resident
Lecturer in Public Health Adminis-
tration in the School of Public
Health at Columbia University, will
speak to public health students and
other interested individuals on
Thursday, Nov. 16, from 4 to 5
o'clock, in the School of Public
Health Auditorium. The title of Dr.
Emerson's address will be "The Gen-
eral Problem of Public Health Or-
ganization on a Whole-Time Basis
for Continental United States."
College of Literature, Science and
the Arts, Schools of Education, For-
estry, Music and Public Health: Stu-
dents who received marks of I or X
at the close of their last semester or
summer session of attendance will
receive a grade of E in the course
or courses unless this work is made
up by Dec. 2. Students wishing an
extension of time beyond this date in
order to make up this work should
file a petition addressed to the ap-
propriate official in their school with
R m. 4, U.H . where it will be trans-
ean Inequalities," Thursday, Nov. 16,
at 4:15 p.m. in Rm. 3001 Angell Hall.
Carillon Recital: Percival Price,
University Carillonneur, will play
Haydn's Serenade, six folk songs, and
Claussman's Toccata at his recital at
7 p.m., Thursday, Nov. 16.
Biological Chemistry Seminar will
be held today from 4:15 to 5:15 p.m.
in Rm. 319 West Medical Building.
"Hypervitaminosis A" will be dis-
cussed. All interested are invited.
Post-War Council: There will be a
meeting today at 5 o'clock in Lane
Hall. All members and those inter-
ested in becoming members please be
Kappa Phi: National Methodist
Women's Club, will give its formal
rushing dinner this evening at 5:30
p.m. It will be held at the First
Methodist Church on State Street.
The Association Music Hour, led
by Mr. Robert Taylor, will present
the complete first act of Wagner's
"Die Walkure" this evening at 7:30
at Lane Hall. The story and music
of the opera will be discussed, and
scores and librettos will be furnished.
Everyone interested is invited.
Engineering Council: There will be
an important meeting at 7:30 tonight
in Rm. 244 West Engineering. All
class representatives should be there.
Also all active engineering societies
should try to have a representative
at this meeting. For any information
contact Charles W. Walton, Phone
'Ensian Art Staff: There will be a
short meeting at 7 p.m. tonight.
Research Club: The first meeting
of the year will be held this evening,
at eight o'clock in the Amphitheatre
of the Rackham Building. Professor
A. Franklin Shull will read a paper
on "Population Genetics in Lady
Beetles." Following refreshments an
open forum discussion on Club Policy
will be held.
The Stump Speakers' Society of
Sigma Rho Tau will hold its regular
weekly meeting on Thursday of this
week. Business will start at 7:30,
Nov. 16, in the Union. The important
matter of committee appointments
will be taken up, as well as plans for
the National Convention. Arrange-
ments for the future round-table on
Jet-Propulsion will also be made
All interested engineers and archi-
tects are invited to attend.
The Regular Thursday Evening
Record Concert held in the Men's
Lounge of the Graduate School at
7:45 p.m. on Nov. 16, will feature the
Rachmaninoff Concerto No. 2 for
Piano, Franck's Symphony in D Mi-
nor, and the Concetstuch by C. M.
Weber. Graduates and servicemen
are cordially invited.
Francis B. Sayre, former High
Verily, we've missed thee, Cousin.
... Thou didst hotfoot it up to The
Hub when The M yflower docked-
Aye. Rockbound people, too. Wouldst U
believe me, Cousin, all my argument
falleth on deaf ears onenf cornmeal
mush a a dih that heftteth not a
By Crockett Johnson
But Myles! You can't let them flout tradition
like that! On the First Thdnksgiving Day, too!
New- Hest sewn env fart