THlE MICHIGAN DAILY
A Better Equipped Senate Roll
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
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are written by members of .The Daily staff
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Step Toward Peace
ONE OF THE greatest but least publicized
steps taken toward the creation of endur-
ing peace is the publication by a German firm of
millions of anti-Nazi text books to be issued in
Germany when the war ends.
These books, which are selected by the Ber-
mann-Fischer Verlag publishing company to
teach science, history and mathematics- are the
only weapons which can convince the Nazi-in-
doctrinated mind that "Mein Kampf" is a false
Bible. They are the only weapons which can
change the Nazi revenge complex to love of
peace. We must use the same technique which
Hitler wielded so cleverly-through reeducation
of the German population-to show up his
Texts on world history which reduce Prus-
sion-German evolution 'to its proper propor-
tion in the history of mankind and explain the
relevance of nationalism to the events of
today; biology texts refuting the German
racial superiority myth; and physics books
including Einstein findings are among the
texts which have been prepared by German
scholars in this country, according to the
New York Times.
In the same way German teachers who be-
lieve in democracy should be sent to Germany
after the war.
Some say that the Germans would resent the
nerve of us trying to teach them-whose literacy
rate and progress in certain branches of science
are far in advance of those in this country.
To me the number of people who can write
means little when compared with the use to
which they put the writing. Certainly, most of
the people in Germany can read that the fuehrer
is always right. But how many more in that
country will believe Nazi myths than those who,
have been educated here! The Germans may
be advanced in the science of creating "secret
weapons" and devising systematic methods of
destroying whole villages, but why not give the
Germans reason to put their scientific energies
into making socially beneficial inventions?
Besides, the Germans, with all their national-
ism, will have little cause to resent the inpour-
ing of books on German literature and thought
in the German language written by Germans.
These authors will include such Nazi-banned
German authors as Heinrich Heine and Albert
Whether the Germans resent it at first or
not, they have got to be taught democracy
until they really believe it and until their
only motivation for making war will be to
protect that democracy.
WE MAY have had qualms at first about a
Michigan Homecoming in wartime-about
an attempt to revive some of the college atmo-
sphere that had lain dormant for three years.
But the enthusiasm rampant at the pep rally
Friday, the crowd-student and alumni-that
filled the stadium Saturday, the more than 500
couples who patiently pushed into the Union
Ballroom Saturday night, the excellence of the
By DREW 1PEARSON
ASHINGTON -When you call the roll of
the new Senate, you can't escape the con-
clusion that it will be better equipped and better
intentioned regarding the writing of a perman-
ent peace than any Senate in years-perhaps
any other in history.
The President has been given a comfortable,
working majority of Senators, chiefly Democrats,
but including several A-1 Republicans, who un-
derstand foreign policy and are heart and soul
in favor of a cooperative plan to build up the\
peace after this war is over.
A large bloc of the nation obviously did not
believe in Governor Dewey's slogan, "It's time
for a change," in regard to the White House, but
they did take his words seriously as far as the
Congress in concerned.
Here is the roll call of some who swept out
the old isolationists in the Senate on the idea
that "it's time for a change."
Governor John Moses of North Dakota, Demo-
crat, replaces isolationist Senator Gerald Nye,
and is- his exact opposite. Born in Norway,
educated at a Norwegian college, Moses migrated
here at the age of 20, was a railroad section
hand, later became the law partner of Lynn
Stambaugh, former head of the American Leg-
ion, who also ran against Nye last week.-.
Stambaugh, a good friend of Moses, actually
I'D RATHER BE RIGHT:
By SAMUEL GRAFTON
AKRON, OHIO, NOV. 14-I asked a rubber
executive how he felt about the election out-
"I thought the sun wouldn't rise the next
day," he said. "But see, it's up there."
Another one said:
Oh, this country is so wonderful, no one man
can ruin it."
Me who were red-hot for Mr. Dewey are
making jokes, each according to his own style:
and it's a good reaction. Everybody is so peace-
ful; quiet and relaxed. But it does add to the
feeling that there is something not right about
the way we campaign. Anybody who took the
campaigning seriously ought to be shaking in
his shoes now, expecting the country to be grab-
bed by the Communists. Nobody is shaking.
Maybe the profoundest thing Wendell Willkie
ever said was his remark when he disowned a
statement he had made during the 1940 race:
"That was just campaign oratory." It brought
him unfavorable criticism, at the time, but it
was a refreshingly frank avowal that we are
quite different people during a campaign than
we are right after. I still think it's a coming
cultural project for America to get some of
the corn out of its campaigning.
The first faint shadows of post-war change
are showing up in Akron. Workmen who came
here from West Virginia and Kentucky are now
beginning to drift away from the rubber plants
they've made some money, and, in too many
cases, are quietly going home. You look around,
and they're gone. They have their own pathetic
little individual post-war plans, and they are
putting them in operation.
At Firestone, they told me they are banking
on a big, pent-up, post-war demand for tires,
enough to maintain capacity for several years.
They have no serious reconversion problem;
their war-time business, apart from the extra
activities taken on in new plants, has been,
basically, tires and tubes and they will continue'
to make tires and tubes, going down to smaller
"As for the war plants," said John W. Thomas,
Chairman of the Board, "Some must be junked,
and some are becoming junk. We're working
around the clock, and the stuff is getting six
years' wear in three. We don't have the kind
of maintenance men we used to have."
I had never thought of the problem of our
extra capacity obligingly solving itself in this
To get back to Willkie, he lived here in
Akron for about ten years, from 1919 on. I
looked up one of his old friends. Had there
ever been anything about Willkie in those days
to make Akron think he was destiny's child?
No. Was he the kind of man that Akron would
have picked to put on a committee of leading
citizens? Not especially; perhaps for a busi-
ness purpose, but not for a civic or charitable
enterprise. What was he like? Well, sort of
quiet; he never even bought an automobile, used
to ride the trolleys. The mystery of Willkie's
later growth deepens as one looks into it; some-
thing happened to make him what he became,
but it is not yet clear what.
Had he been conspicuously liberal in any way?
Well, he did take part in the fight against the
lClu Klux Klan, in 1924. He didn't start it, but
he found himself in it, campaigning against
the Klan, giving money to candidates who op-
posed it. My informant said: "He set out
deliberately to prove that a man could fight the
Klan, and still win public office."
The Klan was strong in Akron, until that
fight broke its power. And last week, twenty
years later, Frank Lausche, Democratic candi-
date for Governor, a Catholic, and a son of
foreign (Slovenian) parents, swept Akron. May-
be something of Willkie sticks in Akron, after
(Copyright, 1944, New York Post Syndicate)
made a sacrifice hit, taking votes away from
Nye so Moses could score the victory . .. Moses
has the best Norwegian library in North Dakota,
is a great believer in Wilsonian ideals, will push
permanent peace . .. Three times Governor of
North Dakota, he is the first Democratic Senator
ever elected from that State.
Brien McMahon of Connecticut, Democrat, re-
places isolationist Senator Danaher, Republican.
McMahon knows the Government from A to Z,
trained in the Justice Department as Assistant
Attorney General, prosecuted the Harlan County
coal murders, was probably the first man since
the Civil War to jail any one for practicing slav-
ery. He convicted an Arkansas sheriff for using
Negro prisoners as his personal slaves.
Clyde Hoey of North Carolina, Democrat, re-
places isolationist Senator Bob Reynolds. Ad-
dicted to wing collars, swallow-tailed coats and
old-fashioned oratory, Hoey comes to the Sen-
ate after serving in Woodrow Wilson's last Con-
gress, later becoming Governor of North Caro-
lina . . . Brother-in-law of #ex-Governor Max
Gardner, he and Max frequently tangle in the
courtroom, call each other all sorts of names be-
fore the jury, walk out of court arm in arm.
Governor Olin Johnston of North Carolina,
Democrat, replaces the famous "Cotton Ed"
Smith who, except on race questions, usually
voted more Republican than Democratic. In
the replacement of Smith of South Carolina and
Reynolds of North Carolina, though they are
Democrats, Roosevelt actuallyhgains two new
Senators, since he could depend on neither of
the present incumbents . . . Johnston, twice
Governor of South Carolina, was born in a mill
town, came up the hard way as a textile worker;
is sympathetic with labor, will be a Roosevelt
supporter on everything except a Federal anti-
lynching bill, poll taxes, and the price of cotton.
Wayne Morse of Oregon, Republican, replaces
isolationist Senator Rufus Holman, will back
FDR on foreign policy, also on labor, will criti-
cize Roosevelt on Government efficiency . - -
Dean of Law at the University of Oregon, Morse
has spent about eight years helping Roosevelt
solve labor problems, was a member of the War
Labor Board . . . One of the few who can match
the sulphurous pen of Secretary Ickes, he once
began a letter to Ickes with this sentence: "Dear
Sir: Your most recent communication serves
only to strengthen and confirm my low opinion
Glen Taylor of Idaho, Democrat, replaces
Senator D. Worth Clark, also a Democrat, who
has frequently voted against Roosevelt, especial-
ly on foreign policy. Thus FDR virtually gains
a new Senator . . . Like Governor Jimmie Davis
of Louisiana, Senator-elect Taylor has been a
cowboy crooner, but did no crooning in this
campaign. He talked straight politics, managed
to beat out popular Republican Gov. Bottolfsen.
Senator-elect Leverett Saltonstall, Governor of
Massachusetts, Republican, is the exact opposite
of cowboy crooner Glen Taylor but, on, foreign
policy, they think alike. Saltonstall is a Back
Bay blue stocking, very Harvard, used to row on
the crew, looks like an aristocrat, acts like a
real human being. Saltonstall munches candy,
peanuts, has been a liberal Republican, knows
what this war means, has lost a son fighting in
it. When it comes to building a peace machin-
ery after the war, Roosevelt has a new Senatorial
supporter in Saltonstall.
Homer Capehart of Indiana, Republican, is
one new isolationist out of the long list of inter-
nationalists now added to the Senate. The
music-box king, he was featured in testimony
before the Dies Committee in 1939 when some
of the "super-patriots" who had been snuggling
close to the Knights of the White Camellias
talked about Capehart as their candidate for
Warren Magnuson of Washington, Democrat,
is one of the youngest men elected to the Senate
in eight years, is 39. He has been a brilliant,
hard-working booster of FDR's foreign policies
in the House of Representatives. Magnuson
saw service in the Navy as a lieutenant com-
mander immediately after the outbreak of the
war, has been one of the most useful members
of the House Naval Affairs Committee.
J. William Fulbright of Arkansas, Democrat,
is another new Senator who will give the Presi-
dent plenty of support in shaping a permanent
peace . . . A Rhodes scholar who jumped from
president of the University of Arkansas into
the House of Representatives, Fulbright had
the courage, though only a rookie Congressman,
to push and pass the Fulbright resolution calling
for international cooperation to prevent war.
His leadership forced the hand of Cordell Hull
and the Administration.
Senator-elect Bourke Hickenlooper, Governor
of Iowa, Republican, is expected to be a better
supporter of the President's foreign policy than
his predecessor, Democratic Senator Guy Gil-
lette, who leaned toward isolation. A good Gov-
ernor of Iowa, Hickenlooper has the reputation
of being a fair fighter . . . Senators who preside
over the Senate will be grateful that they merely
recognize "The Senator from Iowa," won't have
to call out his name.
In addition to the above list, some of the
President's staunchest past supporters on for-
eign policy, such as Senator Claude Pepper of
Florida, are back on the job for another six
years. So if the President doesn't write a peace
that will stick, it will be his own fault. HiS
Senate will not only cooperate, but probably
be a bit ahead of him.
(Copyright, 1944, United Features Syndicate)
TUESDAY, NOV. 14, 1944
VOL. LV, No. 121
All notices for The Daily Official Bul-
letin are to be sent to the Office of theF
Assistant to the President, 1021 Angell
Hall, in typewritten form by 3:30 p. m.
of the day preceding its publication,
except on Saturday when the niotices
should be submitted by 11:30 a. m.
Thanksgiving Day: Thursday, Nov.7
23, is a University holiday. All Uni-
versity activities will be resumed onT
Friday, Nov. 24.
To All Heads of Departments:
Please notify -the switchboard opera- l
tor in the Business Office of the
number of directories needed in your
department. Delivery will be made I
by campus mail.f
Staff members may have a copy of
the Directory by applying at the In-
formation Desk in the Business Of-1
fice, Rm. 1, University Hall.
The Directory will be ready for
distribution Nov. 20. To save postage
and labor the practice of mailing
directories is discontinued.
Herbert G. Watkins
The Extension Service is offering
seven courses this fall, all of which
will begin this week.
Body Conditioning, taught by Mrs.
Dorothy Miller, and Painting and
Composition taught by Professor
Emil Weddige, met for the first time
last night. Enrollments will still be
takennat the next class meeting on
Professor Avard Fairbanks will
teach Sculpture to both beginning
and advanced students; Mr. Peck-
ham and Mrs. Storm will offer His-
tory of Printing; and Professor del
Toro will teach a class in Beginning
Spanish, all of these classes to begin
on Tuesday, Nov. 14.
Music Appreciation, especially to
music lovers, will offer information
about works to be presented in the'
Choral Union concerts. Professor
Glenn D. McGeoch will teach this
class, beginning on Wednesday.
Advanced Spanish, taught by Pro-
fessor del Toro, will have its first
meeting on Thursday evening.
Further information may be ob-
tained at the Extension Office, 107
The University of Michigan Sym-
phony Orchestra rehearsal will be
held on the stage of Hill Auditorium
today at 4 p.m., instead of the
Michigan Union Ballroom.
Registration: Registration is being
held tlis week at the University Bur-
eau of Appointments and Occupa-
tional Information, 201 Mason Hall.
Blanks for registration may be had
by callgig at the office of the Bureau
from 9 to 12 a.m. and 2 to 4 p.m.
from Tuesday through Friday. There
is no registration fee. This registra-
tion is for students who will be
available in February ,June, August
Varsity Glee Club: Please report at
the back entrance of Hill Auditorium
near Thayer Street, Wednesday eve-
ning. Assemble in the classroom on
2nd floor at 7 p.m. sharp. Program
begins at 7:30 p.m.
University of Michigan Symphony
Orchestra, Gilbert Ross, Acting Con-
ductor. Open by audition to all stu-
dents in the University. Cellists and
violists particularly needed Re-
hearsals Tuesdaysand Fridays 4-
5:45. See Professor Ross, 606 Burton
Women's Judiciary Council: All
signout sheets, accompanied by a
composite sheet, are due Monday at
five o'clock in the Undergraduate
office of the Michigan League for
the week Monday through Sunday.
After Nov. 19 all records must be
done in ink.
Dr. Haven Emerson, Non-resident
Lecturer in Public Health Adminis-
tration in the School of Public
Health at Columbia University, will
speak to public health students and
other interested individuals on
Thursday, Nov. 16, from 4 to 5
o'clock, in the School of Public
Health Auditorium. The title of Dr.
Emerson's address will be "The Gen-
eral Problem of Public Health Or-
ganization on a Whole-Time Basis
for Continental United States."
Mathematics: The following sem-
inars have been arranged by the De-
partment of Mathematics to begin
the week of November 13, 1944:
Special Functions (Applied Mathe-
matics), Prof. R. V. Churchill, Tues-
day, 3:00 p.m., 317 W. Eng.
By Crockett Johnson
Theoretical Statistics, Prof. C. C.
Craig, Tuesday, Thursday, 9:00, 3201
Orientation Seminar, Prof. G. Y.o
Rainich. Wednesday, 3:00 p.m., 3001
Number Theory, Dr. Paul Erdes,
Wednesday, 4:15 p.m., 3201 A.H.
Topological Groups, Prof. Warren
Ambrose, Thursday, 3:00 p.m., 3014
Geometry, Prof. G. Y. Rainich,
Thursday, 4:15 p.m., 3001 A..
Calculus of Variations, Prof. S. B.
Myers, Friday, 4:15 p.m. 3201 A.H.
To All Male Students in the Collegef
of Literature, Science, and the Arts:I
By action of the Board of Regents.
all male students in residence in thist
College must elect Physical Educa-
tion for Men. This action has been
effective since June, 1943, and wil
continue for the duration of the wars
Students may be excused from
taking the course by (1) The Uni-
versity Health Service, (2) The Dear
of the College or by his representa.
tive, (3) The Director of Physical
Education and Athletics.
Petitions for exemption by stu-
dents in this College should be ad-
dressed by freshmen to Professo
Arthur; Van Duren, Chairman of th
Academic Counselors (108 Mason
Hall); by all other students to Assis-
tant Dean E. A. Walter (1220 Angel'
Except under very extraordinary
circumstances no petitions will b(
considered after the end of the third
week of the Fall Term.
Mathematics 347: The seminar in
Special Functions (Applied Mathe-
matics seminar) meets Tuesday al
3 p.m. in Rm. 317 West Engineering
Today Dr. O. G. Owens will talk on
"An Explicit Formula for a Solutior
of an Ultrahyperbolic Differential
Assembly: 1oard Meetings: All dor-
mitory and a xiliary dormitory hous
presidents will meet with Jane Rich-
ardson in the Kalamazoo Room o
the League at 5 p.m. today. A)
League House .and Co-op presidents
will meet with Florene Wilkins at
the same time. Consult the bulleti
board at the League desk for place
of meeting. All independent house
should be represented at these meet-
Michigan Christian Fellowship: Th
weekly Bible Study and prayer meet-
ing will be held this evening, instead
of Wednesday evening. The meeting
will begin at 7:30 and an election of
officers will be held. It is requested
that as many members as possibk
be present for this important meet
Le Cercle Francais will hold it
first meeting of the year tonight a
8 p.m. in the Michigan League. On
the program: a short talk by Pro-
fessor Charles E. Koella, Director o
the Club, on the International Situ-
ation. French songs and election of
officers. All students with one yea
of college French or the equivalent
are eligible to membership.
The Mathematics Club will meet
at 8 p.m. in the West Conference
Room, Rackham Building. Professor
E. D. Rainville will speak on "Gen-
eralized Hypergeometric Functions
All Alpha Kappa Alpha women are
invited to attend the first business
meeting of Beta Eta chapter at 8
o'clock this evening at the League
The Inter-Racial Association of
the University of Michigan will hold
its fall organization meeting - this
evening at the Michigan Union at
8. All those who are interested in
fighting for the civil rights of the
minorities are urged to come.
The Michigan Dames will hold a
General Meeting this evening at
8:15 p.m. in the Rackham Building.
'Ensian Art Staff: There will be a
short meeting at 7:30 p.m. Wednes-
day, Nov. 15.'
The Stump Speakers' Society of
Sigma Rho Tau will hold its regular
weekly meeting on Thursday of this
week. Business will start at 7:30,
Nov. 16, in the Union. The important
matter of committee appointments
will be taken up, as well as plans for
the National Convention. Arrange-
ments for the future round-table on
Jet-Propulsion will also be made
All interested engineers and archi-
tects are invited to attend.
Research Club: The first meeting
of the year will be held on Wednes-
day evening, Nov. 15, at eight o'clock
in the Amphitheatre of the Rackham
Building. Professor A. Franklin Shull
will read a paper on "Population
From the opening chords of Men-
delssohn's Midsummer Night's Dream
Overture to the finale of Dvorak's
Slavonic Dance, the second concert
of the Choral Union Series was di-
rected by a man skilled both in ar-
tistry and precision.
George Szell's conducting of the
Cleveland Symphony was a para-
gon of poetic and expressive qui-
ties. So sensitive and flexible did
the orchestra seem to his direction
that it appeared as if an enchant-
ment 'had been cast over them.
The Cleveland Symphony did not
use the first number as an excuse
for "warming up." It launched im-
mediately into its first selection and
captured the delicacy and grace of
the miniature overture.
The Pastoral, the only symphony
of Beethoven with a definite pro-
gramme, was a trifle below par.
Sometimes it is difficult to point to
any visible aspect of a performance
is a definite criticism. Such is the
character of this particular music.
The orchestral sections were superb-
ly balanced; the stress of inner voices
was well displayed. Yet the first two
movements lacked a natural spon-
taineity that should be a character-
istic of this symphony. Especially
disappointing was the flute member
whose performance -impressed one as
being rather mechanical. His scope
was contrasted by that of the oboist
who was noteworthy for his technical
rnd music flexibility. The string sec
tion, however, retained its pure and
'iquid tone throughout the program.
The last two movements picked up
and reassured an appreciative audi-
ence of the orchestra's capability.
The second half of the program
compensated for any lack of appre-
ciation that may have been felt prior
to it. The wind and brass sections
should be praised for a perform-
ance that was fine despite the over-
work placed upon them by the tre-
mendous and complex orchestration
of Hindemith and Strauss. Under
the magnetic direction of Mr. Szell,
the richness and fullness of every
instrumental section was drawn out.
The string section returned each time
with renewed vitality.
The retention of the character
of the Weber themes is question-
able. However, the geniis of the
composition is manifested by or-
chestral color and symphonic de-
velopment rather than by thematic
material so that it matters little
to whom credit is given for melodic
structure. The highlight of the
evening was the interpretation of
the brilliant and somewhat gro-
tesque Till Eulenspiegel. This
sprightly tone poem was by no
means lacking in imagination and
a thorough comprehension of the
The encore, Dvorak's highly rhyth-
mical Slavonic Dance was a satisfy-
ing conclusion to a very enjoyable
evening. -Kay Engel
THE UNITED STATES once had a
Vice President whose most mem-
orable remark was as follows: "What
this country needs is a good 5-cent
cigar." If Thomas R. Marshall could
return to his old haunts, he would
find the subject of cigar prices pretty
far down on the list of national
musts, but still a problem.. Howeer,
he probably would welcome the re-
turn of the nickel cigar to the to-
bacco counters, even though the OPA
has authorized it up to 71/2 cents,
two for 15.
Although it's a 50 per cent advance
in price, OPA thinks cigar-smokers
will welcome the order, for it's a way
of saving them a cool 50 million dol-
lars a year. In the absence of 5-cent
cigars at any price, their only resort
has been 15-centers for all these
months since lower-priced brands
disappeared. The disciples of Tom
Marshall will probably be glad to
compromise on a 7%2-cent cigar, since
they are also disciples of Tom Hood,
Some sigh for this and that;
My wishes don't go far;
The world may wag at will,
So I have my cigar.
-St. Louis Post Dispatch
on Second Thought
For what it may be worth: a movie
called "Make Your Own Bed" was
playing at a local theatre while Deri-
cot piled up all that yardage against
No one can say "Too little, too
Leyte" about the current Philippine
The Japs have dubbed MacArthur
"Dugout Doug." Right now he seems
to have dug in.
Heinrich Himmler is currently be-
ing pictured as a home-loving man
by the German press. The way we
heard it was homicide-loving.
A bit of poetripe: You can tell
I expected Cousin Mcilachy!
You said he looked like me- What
Just because he's a cousinofmine,
m'boy, does he have to looks like me? Is Fhe a
Now what kind of reasoning is that? Pilgrim
I AA~ a t,, ni.,sc' ,a__t er?
py~~ght 19~ ~ ~ C~OCVO5 1
Yes. Cousin Myles O'Malley. _
How are things at
PIvmn.rt_. -. c.. [. IAnd hows