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February 14, 1945 - Image 4

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1945-02-14

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..... . .. .

Fifty-Fifth Year

Back Stage Personal By Play

A -,



Edited and managed by students of the University
of Mbchigan under the authority of the Board In Control
of Student Publications.
Editorial Staff
.velyn Phillips . . Managing Editor
Stan "Wallace City Editor
Ray Dixon . . . . . Associate Editor
Bank Mantho . Sports Editor
Dave Loewenberg . Associate Sports Editor
Mavis Kennedy Women's Eitor
Business Staff
Lee Amer Business Manager
Barbara Chadwick . . Associate Business Mgr.
June Pomering . . Associate Business Mgr.
Telephone 23-24-1
Member of The Associated Press
The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the use
for republication of all news dispatches credited to it or
otherwise credited in this newspaper. All rights of re-
publication of all other matters herein also reserved.
Entered at the Post Office at Ann Arbor, Michigan, as
second-class mail matter.
Subscriptions during the regular school year by car-
rier, $4.50, by mal, $5.25.
Member, Associated Collegiate Press, 194344
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
Open Meetmges?
THE QUESTION of opening meetings of the
Board of Regents to the public and press
currently being discussed presents a problem
that doesn't admit of a ready blanket answer on
one side or the other, but to date, the main issue
has been missed, it seems to us.
In all fairness to an efficient administration
of the University, some matters such as student
discipline for academic violations cannot be cor-
pletely exposed in an open meeting of the Board.
Matters that can necessarily be construed as
demanding private treatment are limited. The
majority of the business of the University-a
public institution-is of a. public nature, and
the people of the state, who in their consti-
tution created the University, have a right to
know fully and completely what business is
At the outset, then, let it be clear that we do
not advocate that everybody be given the priv-
ilege of attending all Regents' meetings. We do
believe that the public has a right to .know all
the news fully and promptly. This is the real
issue in the picture.
We feel the crux of the matter lies, not with
the Regents, the public, nor with the question
of open meetings, but with the University pub-
lie relations department which has inadequate
authority. This department within the Uni-
versity has thus far failed to discharge its
prime function-to release all news promptly
and completely to a competent press without
fear or favor.
We do not believe that Rep. Eaton, who intro-
duced the "open meetings" resolution in the
House last week would be so irked by the matter
if he weren't aware of this situation as a news-
But further, the entire error does not lie with
the University public relations department. It
has not had the benefit of any clear policy direc-
tive from the Board of Regents. The material
given to the press after each meeting of the
Regents consists only of that which the Board
wishes to release.
We feel that representatives of the press
who are bearers of news to the public should,
by proper certification, attend the meetings;
should in fact, be told the entire story of the
This is not our conviction merely becuse we
are newspapermen who want to get "in" on the
meetings. A large popular attendance, should
the meetings be declared open, would only de-
feat the purpose of getting all the facts, for the
natural tendency would be for important matters
to be settled in private caucus.
NEWSPAPERMEN have the obligation of bring-
ing all the news to the public. This they could
do if they received the material first hand.

Should the occasion arise, and it is to be expec-
ted, wherein the Regents wish to treat some
matter "off the record" for the moment, report-
ers could be trusted not to betray this confidence.
It is a conceded fact that most newsmen in
Washington knew that President Roosevelt had
departed for the Big Three conference ten days
ago. but not one word of it was mentioned in the
American press.
We feel that it was unfortunate for the Uni-
versity that the State house of Representa-
tives felt compelled to go on record favoring
open meetings and that the Senate is now
considering the same action. The one-sided
publicity that has emanated from the issue
ha drndne the tIniversvitv reniitatinn no good.

WASHINGTON, Feb. 14.-Real reason why the
Work-or-Fight bill will probably not pass
except in a highly diluted form is some back-
stage personal by-play and inter-cabinet throat-
When the Work-or-Fight Bill was passed by
the House and got to the Senate Military Affairs
Committee, a meeting of inter-cabinet repre-
sentatives was held in the office of General
Lucius Clay, assistant to War Mobilizer Byrnes.
And it was agreed that all members attending
the meeting should write letters to the Senate
Military Affairs Committee, recommending that
the Work-or-Fight Bill be amended, giving Jus-
tice Byrnes the power of administration. This
meant that Byrnes would put things in the
hands of Paul McNutt's War Manpower Com-
mission, rather than under General Lewis Her-
shey's Selective Service as originally specified in
the House bill.
It was also agreed that each member at the
meeting would show other members a carbon
copy of the letter he wrote, in order that there
might be no crossed wires. However, Under-
Secretary of War Bob Patterson wrote a milk-
and-water letter, and not to be a very vigorous
endorsement of the sentiments adopted at the
meeting in favor of the Byrnes amendment.
McNutt Versus Patterson ...
WHEREUPON War Manpower Commissioner
McNutt called Patterson and told him that
if he didn't write a stronger letter he. McNutt,
would tell the Senate Committee what he really
thought about the whole legislation. In his
heart, McNutt consistently opposed any labor
draft, believing the whole manpower problem
was better solved on a voluntary basis.
Following McNutt's threat, Under-Secretary
Patterson apparently got worried about the ad-
ministration of the Work-or-Fight Bill under
.McNutt's WMC.
Presumably he and his Army advisers also
felt that they could control General Hershey
and his draft boards more easily than McNutt.
At any rate, Patterson sent General Wilton B.
Persons up to interview members of the Senate
Military Affairs Committee, including Senator
Chan Gurney of South Dakota, to tell them
that actually the War Department did not
favor the Byrnes amendment and would favor
administration of the Work-or-Fight Bill un-
der General Hershey and the Selective Service
draft boards.
This reversal of policy was what blew up the
meeting and eventually torpedoed the whole
Work-or-Fight Bill.
Several Senators, including Chairman Thom-
as, blew off steam regarding the Army's reversal
policy. None the least of these was Senator Ed
Johnson of Colorado, Governor of that state
when Paul McNutt was Governor of Indiana.
Both are close friends and past leaders of the
American Legion. So Johnson, leaving the Sen-
ate Military Affairs Committee, walked over to
his office and dictated a strong statement to the
press, blasting the Army for doublecrossing.
Previously, the Senate Committee had voted
to approve the Work-or-Fight Bill. But when
dissension between inter-departmental groups
was revealed, the Committee voted to hold
hearings, and now both Democratic and Re-
publican members have cooled materially re-
garding the original drastic work-or-fight act.
Rules Committee Rudeness ...
ANY members of Congress, long accustomed
to hurly-burly debate, said that a new high
for rudeness was reached when the Rules Com-
mittee heard the House Banking and Currency
Committee's request for consideration of the
George Bill which would strip Henry Wallace
and the Commerce Department of the lending
Ohio's fiery, Republican Congressman, Clar-
ence Brown, teed off with a vitriolic cross-
examination of Democratic Congressman
Brent Spence of Kentucky, chairman of the
House Banking and Currency Committee
which had passed the George Bill and wanted
it reported to the floor for a vote.
"How much time did your committee give to
this legislation?" asked Brown.
"I don't think that has any real bearing on

the issue," replied Spence.
"Yes it has," snapped Brown. "I want to
know how much consideration your committee
gave this bill. I think a committee ought to
spend more than half an hour on such impor-
tant legislation."-
Spence replied that his committee had devot-
ed many years to studying the RFC and its
structure, knew the subject backwards and side-
Illinois' snow-haired Chairman Sabath of
the Rules Committee interrupted Brown repeat-
edly, tried to aid Spence who is both elderly and
nearly blind. However Georgia's Gene Cox de-
manded that Sabath shut up and let Spence
answer Brown's questions.
"I dont' see any reason why I shouldn't help
him answer," said Sabath.
"Well," replied Cox, "I don't want your an-
swers. That's like going to a goat's house for
Cengressman John H. Folger of North Caro-
lina, another of the Banking and Currency
Committee, got so burned up at Cox and

Li" u SC
QUNDAY afternoon the Choral Un-
ion Concert Series presented the
Westminster Choir led by its conduct-
or, John Finley Williamson. This
compact group of forty voices lends
itself rather well and quite sensitively
to the masterful hand of Dr. William-

Brown that he rose to his feet and demanded
that the line of questioning be changed.
"Our committee," Spence said, endorsing Fol-
ger's views, "knows as much about this subject
as any witness that could be brought up here.
You've no right to criticize us."
However, Brown, Cox, Indiana Congressman
Charlie Halleck, and Howard Smith of Virginia,
all trying to stall for time to prevent Henry
Wallace's confirmation, persisted.
In the end, southern Democrats joined with
Republicans on the Rules Committee to prevent
the George Bill from reaching the floor of Con-
gress. Congressional leaders are so riled they
will try to by-pass the Rules Committee today.
In fact they are so sore at the recalcitrant Rules
Committee they will try to by-pass it regularly.
The committee may have cut off its nose to spite
its face.
(Copyright, 1945, Bell Syndicate
Banks and Bankers
NEW YORK, Feb. 14.-It is hard to talk back
to bankers about banking. The bankers'
committees which have been attacking the Bret-
ton Woods monetary agreement have a great
debating advantage. They are experts, and the
public is not: I am not, you are not, he, she or
it is not.
Yet there is a loophole in their argument.
These bankers' committees (working through
the American Bankers Association) declare that
it is dangerous to set up an International Sta-
bilization Fund. They say we might lose our
money if we joined in such a fund. They say
that if all the nations of the world were to put
nine billions of dollars into a pool, to sustain all
the currencies of the world, then some pretty
weak countries might borrow some important
sums. They might lose them. They say that
some countries which we don't like very much
might borrow some of our collars from the Fund.
They say that some countries might be encour-
aged to engage in slovenly financial practices,
because the Fund would be there to keep the
values of their currencies up, regardless.
The bankers have given us a technically
correct description of the risks of setting up a
world fund. They have not omitted a single
one of the dangers involved in doing it. But
here's the loophole: They have not touched
upon the dangers of not doing it.
They have told us all about the dangers of
living in a house: you might fall down the stairs,
you might slip in the bathtub, and lightning may
strike your roof. They have made a good case to
show that it is as much as your life is worth, to
live in a house.
But the alternative is to live in a tent. This
is the point the bankers have delicately failed to
touch upon. Tents are dangerous, too; worse
than houses. It may be dangerous to try to
stabilize all the currencies of the world, for the
sake of the widest possible foreign trade; but it
is sheer recklessness not to try to do so. We tried
to get along between the wars without stabiliz-
ing the world's currencies, and therresults were
unilateral currency devaluation, price manipu-
lation, dumping of goods, the invention of half
a dozen kinds of internal funny money. It seems
to me that as against these risks, the safest
course is for the world to build that house, and
live in it, and take its chances on skidding in the
ON THIS point the public is entitled to enter
into the debate on equal terms with the
bankers, for on this point the question becomes
political, as well as a technical banking matter.
-The public is entitled to say, as an expres-
sion of its political preference, that it wants
its government sto risk three billions of dollars
(one per cent of the cost of the war) on a
World Stabilization Fund which might fail,
but which, on the other hand, might succeed
and give us trade, peace and prosperity. The
bankers have proved there is a risk involved.
The public is entitled to ask that the risk be
That is the way democracy works; it takes
testimony from experts, as it always should, but
its basic decisions are made by non-experts. The
bankers should be listened to (just as our civilian
Commander-in-Chief takes advice from gener-

als) but the product of their specialized know-
ledge must be reviewed by others in the light of
the national interest and the general welfare.
One word more. While the bankers oppose
the World Fund, they do not oppose a World
Bank, such as is also contemplated by Bretton
Woods. But the World Bank would be set up
largely to guarantee loans, privately made. The
bankers are willing to have us make loans to
stabilize currencies, but they want such loans
made through the World Bank, which means
they want them made privately. That means the
loans would be made for profit, and in wholly
inadequate amounts; profits on world stabiliza-
tion would take precedence over stabilization
I do not bring this up to impugn motives.
It is not scandalous to want to earn a dollar.
Any American is entitled to that aspiration.
But this point also serves to make the question
a political one, and keeps it from being purely
and severely technical, and entitles the public
to ask for the floor and to speak its mind.
(Copyright, 1945, New York Post Syndicate)

On the whole, the recital was pleas- form to the Assistant to the President,
ing to the ear. Diction, tone color, 1021 Angell Hall, by 3:30 p. m. of the day,
blending, and leading attacks were preceding publication (11:30 a. m. Sat-,
some of the more admirable qualities urdays).
discernible to this ear. On the other!
hand, spontaneous phrasing from one Notices
voice to another and clear cut vocal
sections were often inaudible. More- Registration, Spring Term, 1944-
over, a lack in interpretive variety 1945. The student body has been{
combined occasionally with prosaic d
expression made some of the greatest each group has beenallotted a deft-
works on the program unappreciated. nite time when all students in thatj
The opening composition, Bach's group will be admitted to the Gymna-
Motet, "Sing Ye to the Lord," could siums for registration. The schedule

WEDNESDAY, FEB. 14, 1945
VOL. LV, No. 84
Publication in the Daily Official Bul-
letin is constructive notice to all mem-
bers of the University. Notices for the
Buletin should hbe sent In tyewritten


ments, University Ext. 371, for ap-
Academic Notices
English 1 and 2. Final Examina-
tion Schedule for Tues., Feb. 20, 2-4
p. m.
English i
Anderson ...............C Haven
Bertram ................2003 AH
Bromage. ......... . .3209 AH
Calver . . ........... ...D Haven
Davis....... ... ....2215 AH
-Eisinger .......... ......G Haven
Everett .................3011 AH
Fletcher ...............3017 AH
Fogle ................. B Haven
Greenhut. . . ...2028 N.S.
Hawkins.. C Haven
Hayden ............ 2235 AH
Ogden...............3217 AH.
Pearl.................2014 AH
Prescott...............2203 AH
Rayment..............1035 AH
Stevenson ..............2231 AH
Vanderbilt ..............1035 All
Van Tyne.............B Haven
Walker .................2225 AR
Warner ................4003 AHl
Weimer . ..........2029 AR
Wells.................2225 AH
Williams ........2013 AH
English 2

have been one of the outstandingj
contributions. Instead, it sounded
like a warming up exercise. The
women's voices were unevenly tem-
pered--which resulted in a strange
combination of shrillness and dull-
ness. The only diversity in expres-
sion came about through tempo
markings. The next two selections,
Lotti's "Crucifixus" and Bach's
"Come Blessed Rest," left this re-1
viewer still unmoved. '
The Brahms Motet, containingj
more in the way of imagination and
vitality, compensated for the unmu-
sicality of the previous presentations.1

Thursday, P
8:00- 8:30 Lar
8:30- 8:45 Li
8:45- 9:00 Mc
9:00- 9:15 M
9:15- 9:30 Maw
9:30- 9:45 Mim
9:45-10:00 Mur
10:00-10:15 O
10:15-10:30 Par
10:30-10:45 Po
10:45-11:00 Rao
11:00-11:15 Roa
11:15-11:30 Ru
1:00- 1:15 Sch
1:15- 1:30 Sh
1:30- 1:45 Sm
1:45-2:00 St

March 1.
to Le
to Lz
a nd Mac




The Ballad for-Americans initiat-
ed a turn of events. The Choir
seemed to feel more comfortable in
the American idiom. The youthful
baritone voice contained the keen-
ness that its role required. By now,
the Chorus was well on its way to
provide good entertainment for the
remainder of the afternoon. Per-
sonable bits of information sup-
plied by Dr. Williamson added fla-
vor to each number.
Kay Engel


Nelson ...
Weaver ....

.. NS
.............N S
..............N S





Understand ing,
THE greatest danger to interna-
tional cooperation in the postwar
years, according to Prof. Donald
Hamilton Haines, is that "too many
of us are visioning a world in which
everybody will act like sensible Amer-
The trouble with most Americans,
he points out in his article, "The
Problem of the Other Fellow," ap-
pearing in the current issue of the
Alumni Quarterly Review, is that
we do not attempt to understand
and refuse to concede the differ-E
ences in the aims and psychologi-
cal makeupof other people andI
other nationalities.
If we are ever to achieve a last-
ing peace, it must be built on the.
firm foundation of mutual under-
standing, not only among govern-
ment heads, but among the peoples
of the world. This is the message
of Wendell Willkie, who explicitly
stated in "One World," that such
understanding is necessary if all
nations are to work together.
To take such a view is the acme
of realism, not dreamlike idealism,
for no group of nations or peoplej
can achieve one aim unless they
understand and allow for differ-'
ences of opinion on other issues.

Friday, Ma
8:00- 8:15 A
8:15- 8:30 Ap
8:30- 8:45 Bao
8:45- 9:00 Bem
9:00- 9:15 Bof
9:15- 9:30 Bri
9:30- 9:45 C
9:45-10:00 Che
10:00-10:15 Com
10:15-10:30 Cu
10:30-10:45 Den
10:45-11:00 Du
11:00-11:15 Es
11:15-11:30 Fit
1:00- 1:15 F'u
1:15- 1:30 Gin
1:30- 1:45 Gre
1:45-2:00 Ham
2:00- 2:15 He
2:15- 2:30 Hog
2:30- 2:45 I
2:45- 3:00 Jol

arch 2, 1945
to Ao Inclusive
to Ban
to Bel
to Boe
to Bre
to Bz




Final Examination: Political Sei-
ence 1. Saturday, Feb. 17. 8:00-10:00.
Calderwood's sections .. 1025 A.H.
Dorr's section.........1035 A.H.
Kallenbach's section ...... 35 A.H.
Norton's sections ........ 25 A.H.
Silva's section .......... 1025 A.H.
Final Examination: Pqlitical Sci-
ence 2. Saturday, Feb. 17, 8:00-10:00.
Room 231 A. H.
Final Examination Room Assign-
ments, German 1, 2, 31, 32: Friday,
Feb. 23; 2:00-4:00- p.m.:
German I: Gaiss, Willey and
Eaton: D Haven Hall .
German I: Philippson, Reichart
and Naumann: 205 Mason Hall
German I: Winkelman (both sec-
tions) and Pott (both sections): 101
Ec. Bldg.
German 2: All sections: C Haven
German 31: All sections: B Haven
German 32: Both sections: B Hav-
en Hall
Classification, Engineering College,
Spring Term 1945: All Engineering
Students, including Navy and Ma-
rine Corps who are not in the pre-
scribed curriculum, have been divid-
ed into alphabetical groups and each
group has been allotted a definite
time when all students in that group
will be admitted to Room 448 West
Engineering Bldg.. for Classification.
Students must bring registration re-
ceipt at time of classification.
Friday, March 2, 1945
8:00- 8:30 Lar to Lz
8:30- 9:00 Mc to Mil
9:00- 9:30 Mim to Paq
9:30-10:00 Par to Ri
10:00-10:30 Roa to Se
10:30-11:00 Sh to Su
t Y u-ii: t qiw tO.. wen. ~...

' 3:00- 3:15 Keo to-Kol I
j 3:15- 3:30 Kom to Lap
Saturday, March 3, 1945
Any.student may register from 8:00.
to 11:00 a. m. Students should plan
to enter the Gymnasium in ample
time to complete all registration and
classification procedures by 11:00 a.m.
Students who do not register by
11:00 a. m., Saturday March 3, 1945,
will be assessed a late registration
fee of $1.00 per day, maximum fee,
$3.00. In addition a fee of $1.00
will be assessed students who do not'
complete their classification by 11:00
a. m., Saturday, March 3, 1945.
The alphabetical feature of this
schedule will be changed each term to j
I give equal opportunity for early reg-
istration to each student during hi~s

If we Americas go to the peace con- H
ferences believing that the represent- Herbert G. Watkins, 1:30- 2:00 Wei to Z
atives of all other nations will see Ass't. Vice-President and Secretary 2:00- 2:30 A to Bel
things exactly the way we see them, 2:30- 3:00 Bem to B7
we shall only commit ourselves to dis- Midyear Graduation Exercises will 3:00- 3:30 C to Cr
appointment. We should realize that be held at 10:30 a. in., Saturday, 3:30- 4:00 Cu to Er
our motivations will not be the same Feb. 24, in the Rackham Lecture Hall. 4:0*0- 4:30 Es to Gim
in all cases as those of the British The address to the graduating clas- Saturday, March 3, 1945
and Russian people. If we are to act ses will be given by Professor Camp- 8:30- 9:00 Gin to Haz
collectively, cognizance of the fact bell Bonner. Assembly at 10:00 a.m. 9:00- 9:30 He to Joh
that differences to exist is necessary. as follows: Graduates in the middle 9:30-10:00 Jol to Lap
We cannot afford to take the attitude sections of the Lecture Hall as di-
that if the other fellow cannot see our rected by ushers; faculty i the office Graduate Students: Registration
way of doing things it is his problem, of the Graduate School; regents, material will be available in the
not ours. officers, deans, minister, and speaker Graduate School office beginning
Arthur J. Kraft of the day in Executive Board room; February 27.
color guard and honor guard in the
outer lobby. Participants will wear
academic costume. The public is Music 41. Introduction to Musical
ON SECONDcordially invited; no tickets are re- Literature. For the Spring Semester,
THOUGHT - - - quired. only Section 2, Monday, Wednesday
B___Dxo_ and Friday at 10 a. m. will be open to
By Ray Dixon Idtifiti Cards. All idtifi students in the College of Literature,
tion cards which were given out dur- Science and the Arts.
TODAY is Valentine's Day and all ing the Summer or Fall Terms must
students will ask their professors be validated by the Dean of Students Doctoral Examination for Richard
to have a heart come finals. for the Spring Term. All cards out- Eugene Field, Chemistry; thesis:
standing will be collected during "The Synthesis and Reactions of Cer-
Our Valentine hero for today is registration and redistributed after tan Partially Hydrogenated Biph-
the girl who knows the facts of life being validated. Cards which are not enyls," Thursday, Feb. 5, 3:00 p. m.,
and has decided to ignore them un- so processed will not be honored fora 309 Chemistry. Chairman, E. C.
til her boy-friend comesback from the Spring Term by University of- Horning.
By action of the Executive Board
overseas. ficials. 1the Chairman may invite members of
Representative Claire Hoffman in- Honor Societies. The attention of the faculties and advanced doctoral
troduces a bill to lift Petrillo's ban honor societies is called to the fact candidates to attend' this examina-
on Interlochen broadcasts. For once that the date of Honors Convocation tion, and he may grant permission
tothswh fosuicetran
we agree with the man. has been set for April 20. It is re- those who for sufficient reason
tY~~f4A-7 l~f-nl eninio hn Athu1might wish to be present.

Czar Petrillo should remember
that the students of today are the
musicians of tomorrow.

w .,

quested that all societies hodt i heir
elections as early as possible after
the beginning of the Spring Term so
that the names of new members may
be included in the Honors Convoca-
tion program.
Dean of Students

r O'Malley. my Foi y Godlother, is

By Crockett Johnson

Recreational Leadership - Woman
Students: The course in Recreational
Leadership will be offered next seme-
ster on Fridays from 3:20-5:20 by the
Department of Physical Education
for Women. Upperclass women who
have completed their requirement

Don't tease him, John


S t --- -----,


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