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February 03, 1945 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1945-02-03

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aiifl

WEATiER

Partly Cloudy with Little
Change in Temperature

I

VOL. LV. No. 75 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN SATURDAY, FEB. 3, 1945

PRICE FIVE CENTS

I J S.
* *

Troops Race Last 18

Miles

to

Manila

* *

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Russians Roll to Within 51 Miles of Berlin Japs'Resis

tance

Soviets Attack yanks Pierce First Main

Nazi Fortress
Near Kustrin
Red Army Units
Cross Oder River
By The Associated :Press
LONDON, Feb. 2.- The Soviet
High Command announced tonight
that Russian troops in a 15-mile
Ssmash through strong enemy defen-
ses had rolled to within 51 miles of
Berlin, but 'the Germans said the
Red Army was attacking the fortress
of Kustrin, only 40 miles northeast of
the Reich capital.
Berlin also indicated that some
Russian units had crossed the Oder
River 38 miles east of the barricad6d
Reich capital, partly aflame from
two quick RAF blows.
Announces Capture
The Soviet communique announc-
ed the capture of Alt Limmritz, ten
miles east of Kustrin, and Drossen, a
seven-way highway junction only 14
miles northeast of Frankfurt on the
Oder and 51 miles east of Berlin.
Kustrin and Frankfurt are the last
major strongholds before Berlin.
With the fall of Soldin, another
important stronghold 57 miles north-{
east of Berlin and 25 miles northeast
of Kustrin, other Soviet units raced
to within 36 miles of Stettin, Baltic
port, in their effort to seal off all
German troops in Pomerania.
Overrun Reich
The Russians overran, more than
150 German localities in the bulge
pointed toward Berlin; despite thou-
sands of German reinforcements
hurled into the desperate battle along
the Oder and despite a thaw which
hampered mechanized operations.
The Russians also captured 100 lo-
calities in East Prussia, and reached
the middle Oder River on a new sev-.
en-mile front 100 miles southeast of
Berlin, Moscow said.
Black-out Imposed
The Nazi High Command imposed a
security black-out on the critical sec-
tor around Berlin. It was the second
straight day that the Germans had
told of Russian attacks on Kustrin,
an old fortress town built by Freder-
ick the Great and burned to the
ground by a Russian Army in the
seven years war. On Thursday the
Russians penetrated into Kustrin,
only to be thrown out, Berlin said.
Other Soviet units were reported by
Berlin to have rolled to within 22 to
38 miles of Stettin, big Baltic port 57
miles north of Kustrin.
Brant To Play
At Legion Dance;
Proceeds To Benefit
Veterans' Program

i - , - - --- - -- - - - I - -- - - -

Westwall Defensive Belt
Third Army Batters Rhineland Western
Aproaches, Widens Foothold in Reich
By The Associated Press
PARIS, Feb. 2-The U. S. First Army assault carried it 10 miles into
Germany southeast of Aachen today in a three-mile drive that broke
throught the first of the Siegfried Line's two main defense belts at their
widest part. This point is 33 miles from the vital communications center
of Bonn on the Rhine.
The U. S. Third Army along the southern sector of the 40-mile front
likewise was beating at the Rhineland's western defenses, widening its
foothold inside the Reich to nine miles and seizing a village only five and a
half miles from the fortress of Prum.
---- - Far to the southeast, French and
American troops battered against
buckling resistance into the center of
Colmar, famed as the birthplace of
the sculptor of the Statue of Liberty.
BASKETBALL (The Paris radio said Colmar had
Michigan 50, Wisconsin 39. been captured.)
WRESTLING The west bank of the Rhine was
Michigan 25, Ohio State 5. cleared of the enemy for more than
See Stories on Page 3. 30 miles south of Strasbourg, more
than 25 French towns had been lib-
M erated, the Germans' only Rhine rail-
Big Three M ay way bridge was hammered by artil-
lery, and troops in flight were scourg-
ed by swarming warplanes.
Have Decided Generals Confer
While these drives rolled ahead,
Germ anyGen Eisenhower held a conference at
Omar N. Bradley, on "current opera-
Goebbels Warns Nazis tions" possibly presaging renewed Al-
Aginst Political Tricks lied blows timed with the great Rus-
sian offensive from the east. Supreme
y The Associatei Press Headquarters declined to amplify aj
LONDON, Feb. 2-There was ev- bare announcement.
ery indication tonight that the fate The U. S. Seventh Army with
of Germany was being decided by the French units along the Rhine were
Big Three somewhere east of London shoving the enemy back 15 miles
at an hour when a British govern- north of Strasbourg, and Americana
ment official said the enemy's people forces had driven back north across
had "reached the depths of despair" the Moder River both east and west
and "anything might happen." of Haguenau, Allied anchor on that
It was believed that President front.
Roosevelt, Prime Minister Chur- Th n nfantr Dvisn F
chil an Prmie Masha StlinLt. Gen. Courtney H. Hodges' First t

( CAPE ~ ~
Bolinao Cb .BAGUIO - aomog
- 'DamOrtis *Lf. a Q_~L UZON r
Agno ( SFaian ^
;# \Dagpar: \ %an Manuet7'M f
SiINGAYEN u _ -Quny n-
7 Rosales - "~
Cruz S. Jose
r' Camiling ~X C
,. ~~Talaveraf AB7
Palauig ICABANATUAN
IBA -C larkF~e
t- Arayat f.
Ak~1 .pampango R,,,.
San Narciso .SAN FERNANDO7,
~Lubao"_

Ga lied Ineffective
MacArthur Announces Nip Casualties
From Leyte Fight Total Over 131,000
By 'The Associated Press
LUZON, Saturday, Feb. 3-Two Yank forces are racing toward
Manila, one only 18 air miles away, down fine highways against inef-
fective Japanese resistance.
"It is definitely a race between forward elements of the First Cavalry
(dismounted) and 37th Divisions to see who enters Manila first," Asso-
ciated Press Correspondent Richard Bergholz reported in a field dispatch
today.
Maj. Gen. Verne Mudge's First Cavalry, veterans of the Leyte cam-
paign, entered the lists with a sensational 57-mile drive which at last
reports had carried to within 24 x'.
miles of Manila and still was going
strong. W Y'AR AT A GLANC1,
("Strange as it seems, everything The Associated Press
Ioints to the fact that we should get EASTERN FRONT: Russians
to Manila in just the space of nine smash to within 51 miles of Berlin
it takes us to move the men and from Drossen (Official, Russian
equipment on the road," Arthur repcrt); 40 miles from Kustrin (By
Feldman, Blue network War Cor- German Report).
respondent said in a broadcast from WESTERN FRONTT: Alliled

SGR ANDE Su Bay
BATAAN
TU MILESORREGfDO
YANK COLUMNS NEAR MANILA-
' the Philippine capital, meeting wilt
and circle locate Cabu, where an A
enemy lines on Luzon to free 513 Al
camp.
GodmitGo-ul
~eAppeai' atBan(
Music Instructors
Attend Panel HereI

)) MontanbaaM t n Luzon). troops break into Colmar area
/Ba agf Gen. Douglas MacArthur announe- Are now 310 miles from Linnich
MANILA ed the gathering drive in a communi- Julich-uren area).
Manila B oy que today which also reported all PACIFIC FRONT: Yanks rac
c main roads connecting Japanese for- for Manila, 18 miles away. Fall o
0 ces on north and south Luzon now Cal expected hourly.
R Iare cut and Yanks have pushed six
miles across the base of Bataan Pen-
--Two Yank forces are racing toward In sul tiCsieighe o
Slittle Japanese resistance. Cross Jap asualties irchitecture
,merican raiding party struck behind ;fight to hold Leyte, first major Phili- H l
lied captives from a Japanese prison ppine island to be liberated, now total Be H eld Today
more than 131,000, Gen. Douglas
1 MacArthur announced today.
This figure included 929 additional 'U' Graduate To Spe
Id Sehuniannes killed in mopping up op- At OpeigMetn
erations on Leyte and adjacent
e e e Sislands reported in today's communi- Architects and educators in the fi
dess !o quSixth Army troops of the 37th D ovi- f architecture will meet here tod
sion, covering the last miles of the and tomorrow for a conference
h they began Jan. 9 at professional training and pract
Clinics on problems in teaching Gulf, neared the key road and rail sponsored by the School of Archit
trombcne, oboe. string, and percus- center of Malolos in Bulacan Pro- e and Design.

ce
or

eld
Lay
on
ice
,ec-

I
r

sicn sections will be held at 4:15 p.m.
in Burton Tower.
iThe musicians will meet na in ;f.

were planning the final blows and
the means of controlling the dis-
organized German homeland once
victory is won.
The urgency of the fast-moving
military and political map brought!
under consideration, it was believed.!
detailed plans for suppressing Ger-
many's aggressive powers forever.
Nazi propagandists sought tonight!
to stiffen the German people againstI
an expected "last surrender call" from
the Big Three Conference by warning
of "political trickery in the decisive
round of the war."
Neutral and German reports said
that feverish preparations for de-
fense of Berlin continued and a
Moscow broadcast claimed that
Propaganda Minister Paul Josephj
Goebbels already had deserted the
capital with his Propaganda Min-
istry for Bavaria.
Dienst aus Deutschland, a publi-
cation of the German Foreign Of-
Fie- told the German , U. .A l tAhst.

+----------- CLIt Guest conductors Dr. Edwin Fron-
Army was in the van of today's at- ko Goldman. Morton Gould, and
tck, plungingdthreerilestthroughWilliam Schuman and members of
the hilly, wooded, terrain to within the Music Association will lead the
sight of the village of Schoneseiffen,informal discussion of music for the
seven miles east of Monschau.modern band at the Seventh Annual
Key Heights Seized Band and Orchestra Clinics program
Eight miles to the south, the 82nd at 1:30 p.m. today in Hill Auditor-
Airborne Division struck both savage Aumd
resistance and artillery fire as iti The reading of festival aterials,
fought into Udenbreth. a mile and hinforal and panel discussions on
a half inside Germany, where it seiz-i the moden band and clinics for
ed key heights dominating all Sieg- mindividual instruments are also on
fried positions in that sector. ! the Clinic agenda.
Lt. Gen. George S. Patton's Third 300 Directors To Attend
Army pounded out gains up to two 300 high school music directors
miles, deepening its bridgehead across from Michigan, llinois. Indiana,
the Our river inside Germany east Ohio, and New York are attending
and southeast of St. Vith. the two-day sessicn, which will begin
Supreme headquarters in a special ' officially at 10 a.m. today. At the
announcement told of the triumphant first meeting the University Sym-
entry of a battle team of French and phony Orchestra, under Prof. Gilbert
Americans into the southern Alsatian Ross, acting conductor, will perform
city of Colmar. numbers from which the Spring Fes-
To the northeast, Lt. Gen. Jean De tival materials will be selected.
Lattre De Tassigny's French First { The Clinic is under the joint spon-
Army drove up to the Rhine along a sorship of the School of Music and
30-mile front and was slowly envelop- the Michigan School Band and Or-
ing Neuf-Brisach. chestra Association. It was initiated
here during the winter of 1938 for
the purpose of hearing band and
GOP Attem pts orchestra festival literature before
its adoption for official use.
Concert Band To Play
To Handcuf The Concert Band, under Dr. Gold-
man, will be heard again at 2 p.m. in
Auth rity Hill Auditorium, when furtherw read-
FDR's Authority ^"dfsa usc"'r*
ings of festival music will be re-
sumed.
WASHINGTON, Feb. 2-(IP)-House
Republicans launched a drive today to Coupons Extended
deprive President Roosevelt of all C u o sr.in e
authority to assign any powers to The validity of the Michiganen-
sian coupons found in all Student
Henry A. Wallace except those of a Directories has been extended un-
trimmed-down Commerce Depart- til Feb. 9, Jean Pines, business
ment. manager, announced yesterday.
Republican leader Martin, of Mas- The presentation of the coupon
sachusetts, notified the House he will be honored as a 25c reduction
on the price of the 'Ensihn.
wounild seek to amnd inthe Senate's~

I -LilAt i1AU3444 1. l.AA3 Wi.lIl 4lleul, i aill4illy
8:15 p.m. in the Rackham Amphi-
theatre, after dinner atnthe Metho-
dist Church, for a panel discussion
on "The Challenge of the School and
College Band to the American Com-
poser." Prof. William D. Revelli,
conductor of the Concert Band, will

i
I

vince-the closest approach to Man-I
ila.
Eighth Army Yanks of the 38th and
24th Divisions who landed Monday in
Zambales Province, northwest of
Manila. and quickly secured Subic
Bay are nearing a juncture across the
base of Bataan Peninsula with Sixth
Army units forking couthwest from
RnS Frnn dntn

lu, p~U110 k-U11L p ~ lt
A dance for students, veterans on their choice lies between "Victory or
campus and servicemen stationed at Siberia" and expressed the fear that
the University will be held from 9 the Russians might try to use the
p. m. to 12 midnight tonight in the free German committee in Moscow
Women's League, Ted Groves, of the politically against the Reich.
George H. Cannon American Legion The German evening press de-
Post; sponsoring organization, an- nouned what it called the Big Three's
nounced. "Planned offensive against the war
Proceeds from the dance will be morale of the German people." Al-
used toward the Post's program to lied leaders were called "War Crimi-
contribute to a rehabilitation fund nals" and "Arch Hypocrites."
for veterans on campus. Lee Brant's
band will make its first campus ap-
pearance tonight at the dance. Brant, American Battle
6 himself a veteran of World War II,
has led his band in performances be- Dicl se
fore Army Air Bases in the state. Loss Disclosed
The fund to which the proceeds
from the dance will contribute, Gro- A
ves said, was established to supple- r
ment government subsidies which in. Has Reached 737,342
some instances are insufficient for

jeani Josepnhi Hunutoz f HjavaLrd
University, a University. graduate, will
speak on "The Architect's Place in
City Planning," at the first meeting
to be held at 10 a. m. today in the
library of the School of Architecture
and Design.
Speakers Listed
At 2 p. m. Dean W. W. Wurster of
the Massachusetts Institute of Tech-

n e ra.
act as moderator for the discussion -a nology, and Dean Roy Childs Jones
in which the guest conductors will Eighth Scours Air Field of the University of Minnesota, and
participate. Eighth Army troops of the 11th Holmes Perkins of Harvard Univer-
Airborne Division who landed south- sity, Kenneth Black, member of the
west of Manila in Batangas Pro- Michigan Planning Commission and
)"ninoy vince Wednesday near Nasugbu have architect foi' the new business ad-
' " "' secured an airfield-added to the j ministration building to be built here
i more than a score the Americans have after the war, and Clair W. Ditchy, a
won on Luzon-and driven nine miles University alumnus, will speak.
inland in a drive toward vital Cavite Relation To Be Discussed
i Naval Base. Ahead of these advanc- "The Relation of the Architect to
ing elements, American planes hit Ca- the Government" will be discussed by
vite with 109 tons of explosives. George Howe, deputy commissioner
"Interest in serious band music is The Sixth's 25th Division won com- for the Public Buildings Administra-
dwindling, and the young people to- plete control of the last highway in tion of Federal Works Agency in
day are turning more and more to the central plain to be wrested from Washington, at 8 p. m. today in the
jazz and boogie woogie for entertain- the enemy. Rackham assembly hall. The galler-
ment," Dr. Edwin F. Goldman, com- The enemy's forces in the north ies on the mezzanine of the Rackham
poser and conductor of the Goldman and south of Luzon are now totally building will be open for the display
Band of New York City. stated in an severed," MacArthur reported, of drawings, photographs, and models
interview yesterday. Much uncertainty has existed here of architectural works by University
Dr. Goldman deplored the fact that in recent months as to the welfare of alumni.
concert bands were playing jazz mu- the Manila internees. The break- Dean Wells I. Bennett of the Uni-
sic too often. "That is music that down of communications all over Lu- versity is assistant to Gamber, chair-
should be left to jazz bands," he re- zon has cut off the population from man of the conference, with plans for
marked. Both conductors and pub- provincial food supplies it needs to the meetings, which will be open to
lishers also are using more jazz, which live. the public.
proves that music has not progressed -
as far as it is believed. . AMERICAN SOPRANO:
Although the Goldman Band's reg-
ular summer concerts in Central Park,
New York, attract great crowds of Do h y To Appear
Bach and Beethoven lovers, the cur-
ren ppuartyof bae-egedma- A*
ent ppuryof"bbeiniaIn Concert at H ill Auditorium
young American's taste, he asserted.
"People don't need to understand' University Musical Society will choir of the Methodist Church of
music to appreciate it," concluded present the eighth Choral Union con- which her father was the minister.
the conductor, who will conduct the cert featuring Dorothy Maynor, Shecontinued her studies at the
University Concert Band in several young American soprano, at 8:30 p.m., Hampton Institute, which she enter-
of his own marches, at the annual today in Hill Auditorium. ed at the age of 14, where she major-
mid-winter concert at 4:15 p. m. to- Miss Maynor received her first mu- ed in home economics and music.
morrow in Hill Auditorium. sical training as a member of theeWhleaHonishedbec
While at Hampton, she became a
}member of its 120-voice choir and

k

married men.

CAMPUS EVENTS
Today Eighth Choral Union
Concert featuring Dor-
othy Maynor, soprano, at
8:30 p. m. in Hill Audit-
orium.
Feb. 4 University Concert Band,
under the direction of
Prof. Revelli, will give the

WASHINGTON, Feb. 2--AP-Am- "Lt t'C'l 4_____________41____________
erican battle casualties have zoomed George Bill to restrict the President's ________ -
to 737,342 since Pearl Harbor, rapidly wartime power to reshuffle federal
nearing the toll of the Civil War, agencies. This would repeal a part WSSF DIRECTOR SPEA
Sheretofore the nation's costliest con-! of the War Powers Act.
flilet. 1
The great bulk of dead, wounded, The bill offered by Senator George
missing or captured by the enemy was (D.-Ga.) and passed by the Senate
reported by the Army. Announcement yesterday splits the Commerce De-
I also was made that 5,100,000 of the partment away from the vast lending "More British students are study-
8,100,000 in the Army now are abroad agencies formerly administered by .ng in prisoner of war camps in Ger-
Acting Secretary of War Patterson ousted Secretary of Commerce Jesse in in in ar camp s in
+-A ,;, ,,, r nrnrttn ~lafAro Jones. To give the House time to act many than in all the Univei'sities in

KS:
rdief Work is

toured Europe with the choir. After
seven years at Hampton, she entered
D isc ssed the Westminister Choir School at
SDePrinceton on a scholarship, and con-
tinued her musical studies.
She later went to New York, where
Norway and in France and in all she continued her studies for the
other countries that have been oc- next three years. In the summer of
cupied by the German armies, the 1939, she traveled to Massachusetts to

t

camps is studying," Miss Feldmahn
said,
"Because the Nazis have destroyed

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