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January 23, 1945 - Image 1

Resource type:
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Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1945-01-23

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FIGHT
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VOL. LV, No. 66

ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN TUESDAY, JAN. 23, 1945

PRICE FIVE CENTS

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ermans Route bAerial Sla ughter in Ard

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Mass Blows,
Knock Out
Belgian Buge
U. S. Third, First
Disperse Enemy I
By The Associated Press
PARIS, Jan. 22.- The Belgian
bulge collapsed in a German route
today and swarming Allied warplanes
knocked out nearly 3,000 enemy ve-
hicles and tanks-enough to equip
almost an entire enemy panzer army
-in an aerial slaughter without
equal in this war.
The U.S Third Army, racing ahead
up to five miles, found the Luxem-
bourg half of the shattered Ardennes
salient virtually deserted and resis-
tance disorganized, and the enemy
stand crumpled before'the U.S. First
Army in Belgium.
Few Nazis Escape
Pilots reported hardly any of the
German columns fleeing from the
Ardennes made good their escape;
earlier accounts had put the number
o enemy vehicles caught on the
roads at about 3,000
They reported 65 tanks and arm-
ored vehicles, 1,593 trucks and 635
railroad cars destroyed, and 62 tanks
and armored vehicles and 1,179
trucks dantaged. Hundreds of Ger-
man troops were slain.
Three hundred smedium and light
bombers set the stage for the kill by
blowing up bridges and blocking
roads along the paths of retreat.
All-Day RaidBasts Germans
All day long the German columns,
withdrawing too late from the Ar-
dennes, were ripped in a hurricane
of bombs, rockets and bullets by
swarming warplanes snarling down
through the mists on the transports,
massed so densely on icy roads that
pilots said they could not miss.
Front dispatches quoted fighter-
bomber pilots as saying the scene of
havoc, stretching from northern Lux-
embourg into Germany east of the
Siegfried Line, was worse than at
Falaise, where Allied aerial execution
was so terrible the enemy could not
rally for a stand on the Seine.
Ivan Sbasie' S
Cabinet Ousted
Yugoslav King Peter
Orders Defiant Ouster
LONDON, Jan. 22-(P)-'King Pet-
er of Yugoslavia ordered the ouster
of the cabinet of Premier Dr. Ivan
Subasic tonight in a defiant attempt
to avoid appointment of a regency
for his war-torn country.
Subasic, who had concluded an
agreement with Marshal Tito for a
coalition government of Yugoslavia
under a regency, immediately called
a meeting of his cabinet for tomorrow
to consider this latest turn in the
Yugoslav crisis.
Prime Minister Churchill told the
House of Commons last week that
the young king would have to accept
a regency or his acceptance would be
assumed and the arrangement be-
tween Subasic and Marshal Tito for
an interimp government would be put
into effect anyway.
The best diplomatic opinion here
tonight was that Peter was grasping
at the last straw in firing his govern-
ment and that he would probably
lose.

CAMPUS EVENTS
Today Eliot Janeway will lecture
at 8:30 p. m., Hill Audi-
torium.
Today. Student-Faculty tea, 4:30
-6 p. m., University Ele-
mentary School Library.
Today Registration for Blood
Bank, center of the diag-
onal.
Ja n. 24 Dr. Lawrence Preuss will
lecture at 8 p. in., Rack-

Daily Sales
Net $529 for
Polio Drive
4S March of Dimes
Campaign Confinues
A total of approximately $529.00
was collected by the student com-
mittee for the March of Dimes cam-
paign in the sale of Dime Dailies on
campus yesterday.
All the proceeds will be given to
the National Foundation for Infan-
tile Paralysis. The 1945 campaign
which began officially onJan. 14 will
continue until Jan. 31.
Contribution boxes to facilitate the
drive have been placed in all resi-
dence halls and University houses,
pus branch bank. Faculty members,
campus stores, theatres, and the cam-
University employes, and merchants
have been contacted by members of
the student committee. The totals
thus far from these sources has not
been announced.
The proceeds from the nationwide
campaign will be divided equally be-
tween the County chapter and the
National chapter of the foundation
to be used for the purchase of equip-
ment to aid infantile paralysis vic-
tims; for continued research on the
cause and cure of polio; and for
funds to aid all victims of the crip-.
pler.
An army of student volunteers sold
the Dime Dailies on campus yester-
day. Other coed volunteers, under
Pat Coulter and Deb Parry, co-chair-.
men of the women's division, will
continue to man the contribution
boxes in, the theatres and campus
branch bank until the end of the
campaign.
Ojn Dumbarton
Oaks Proposals
Ann Arbor is observing Dumbarton
Oaks Week in honor of Dr. Lawrence
Preuss of. the State Department who
will speak on "Roots and Branches of
Dumbarton Oaks" at 8 p. m. tomor-
row in the Rackham Lecture Hall
under the auspices of the Post-War
Council and the League of Women
Voters.
Under a proclamation issued by
Mayor Leigh J. Young, several local
groups will meet this week to discuss
the issues of the Dumbarton Oaks
Conference. On Sunday pastors of
local churches will devote their ser-
mons to a discussion of world peace
plans.
Howard K. Holland, social science
instructor of the University High
School will address Moms of Amer-
ica today on the social significance of
world peace.
Three events are planned for
Thursday. Prof. Preston Slosson of
the History Department will lead a
discussion at Stockwell Hall. All
Mosher Jordan women are invited to
attend. Prof. Mentor Williams of the
English Department will discuss lab-
or's role in an international organ-
ization before the Trades Council

Red Army Slices
Into East Prussia
Vast Soviet Offensive Forges History's
Most Powerful Potential Eneirclements
By The Associated Press
London, Tuesday, Jan. 23-Russian troops driving due west from
Warsaw have now advanced to within 150 miles from Berlin, halfway
between the German capital and the jumping off place of the soviet offen.
sive.
Killing or capturing many thousands of Germans in steady strides
westward, the Russians drove to within eight miles of Oppeln and were
only 30 miles from Breslau on the Oder River. capital of northern
Silesia and the Reich's ninth city.
Marshal Ivan S. Kooev's First"

KAMPUS KAPERS STARS-One of the outstandin g student acts that will be highlighted in the second
production of Kampus Kapers will be the dance duo of Dot Murzek (left) and Bev Wittan. The show will
be held at 3:30 p. m. Sunday in Hill Auditorium an d tickets are available at the Union, the League, at
the USO, and in a campus bookstore.

Draft Bill Addition Proposed;

Bill Introduced To
End Loan Powers
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON, Jan. 22-Senator
George (D-Ga.) struck the first strong
tactical blow in the Senate today
against turning over vast Federal
loan powers to former Vice-President
Henry A. Wallace.
George introduced legislation to set
aside President Roosevelt's Executive
Order of 1942 under which the Fed-
eral Loan Agency, the Reconstruction
Finance Corporation and subsidiary
agencies were transferred to the com-
merce department.
The effect would be to split up the
twin job of loan chief secretary of
commerce to which President Roose-
velt nominated Wallace at noon to-
day.
Jesse Jones, the big, white-haired
Houston, Tex., banker, has ridden
herd on both assignments since 1940
and his removal to make room for the
President's former lieutenant aroused
protest among Republicans and a
number of Democratic Senators.
Whether the revolt was powerful
enough to foreshadow rejection of the
nomination remained to be seen, but
the outcry from Jones' friends was
immediate, loud and unequivocal.
Chairman Bailey (D.-N.C.) of the
Commerce Committee announced
that group would take up the Wallace
nomination tomorrow morning.
Some members of both parties
took the stand that the President
should have the widest possible lati-
tude in choosing his cabinet advisors.
And there were those who applauded
the selection of Wallace.

Measure To Forbid
Closed Union Shop
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON, Jan. 22-A jail-
backed Manpower Control Bill em-
bodying an Anti-Closed Shop amend-
ment won tentative approval from the
House Military Committee today.
Slated for House consideration late
this week-with a vote unlikely be-
fore next week-the legislation will
be reviewed by the committee Wed-
nesday before being formally sent to
the floor. In the meantime, a new
bill embodying changes agreed to by
the committee in closed session will
be drafted.
It is applicable to, any man between
the ages of 18 and 45; any man in
that group who leaves an essential
job without local -draft board ap-
proval, or who refuses to take a job
at the direction of the board, faces in-
duction into the Army or Navy, if
physically acceptable, or five years
imprisonment and a $10,000 fine if
over draft age or physically unfit.
No man accepting a job in accor-
dance with a draft board request or
directive shall be required to join a
Union unless he wants to, regardless
of whether the job he takes is in a
closed or union shop. This provision
was approved by a 14-10 committee
vote in closed session.
Starr To SpeA
On Organized
Labor in U.S.
"Organized Labor in the United
States" will be discussed by Mark
Starr, Educational Director of the
International Ladies' Garment Wor-
kers' Union, in an address sponsored
by the Department of Economics at
4:10 tomorrow in Rm. 101, Economics
Building.
Trends in the labor movement. la-
bor's relation to the war effort, con-
temporary society and the post-war
economy will be discussed in Starr's
address.
"Labor in America," a basic text in
American labor history, which Starr
wrote in collaboration with Prof.
Harold Faulkner of Smith College,
was recently published and given
favorable notice by the critics.
Formerly president of an American
Federation of Teachers local and a
national vice-president of that un-
ion, 1940-42, Starr is on the execu-
tive boards of the American Labor

WAR AT A GLANCE
EASTERN FRONT-Reds move
within 165 miles from Berlin; Nazis
call on all Germans to defend
fatherland as Polish, East Prussian
towns fall.
WESTERN FRONT-Allied air
attack virtually erases entire pan-
zer division fleeing Ardennes sal-
ient; Third Army takes Wiltz in
Luxembourg, first advances within
two miles of St. Vith.
PACIFIC-Yanks grab two more
Luzon cities, move within 60 airline
miles of Manila; new carrier raid
against Manila announced; Ledo
Road in Burma reported open to
convoy traffic.
Blood Donors
Register To Fill
Campus Quota.
More than 100 students registered
yesterday to donate a pint of their
blood to help fill the January quota
for the campus Blood Bank of 320
pints.
"With such a fine response on the
first day of the campaign, I feel sure
that we can expect to go over the
quota early in the week," Wayne
Bartlett, of the Union War Activities
committee, declared yesterday.
Forced indoors most of the day
because of the continued snowfall,
attendants contacted students in the
main corridor of the General Library
yesterday. Weather permitting, they
will maintain the registration booth
at the center of the diagonal between
classes from 9 a.m. to 2 p.m. today.
Directors of the drive have urged
that houses and campus organiza-
tions register and make appoint-
ments to donate blood as composite
units. Appointments for the actual
process of giving blood are being
made for times between 12:30 and
4:30 p.m. Feb. 8 and 9.
The drive is under the general
supervision of the Washtenaw chap-
ter of the Red Cross, and a Red Cross
mobile unit will be stationed at the
Women's Athletic Building to handle
blood donations.

Ukraine Army, the Silesian invad-
ers, alone had killed or captured
81,000 Germans in ten days and
destroyed or captured 734 tanks,
Moscow said. There are four other
Soviet armies driving through Eakst
Prussia, Poland and Czechoslovakia
whose figures still are to be made
known.
Germans Appeal for Aid
The German radio appealed for
help against "this bestial, overwhelm-
ing mass onslaught."
Berlin said that the two Soviet
armies attacking on three sides of
East Prussia alone totalled more than
1,000,000 men, and it was estimated
that 30 or more German divisions
were caught in the fast-closing Rus-
sian pincers cutting through the
shell-torn forests.
The big East Prussian bases of In-
sterburg, Allenstein, Osterode and
Deutsch-Eylau fell in quick succession
to the Russians who had cut one Ber-
lin-East Prussia trunk railway at five
points and were only 33 miles from
the last supply artery running
through Elbing.
War's Mightiest Offensive
Riding the crest of the war's might-
iest offensive, the hard-hitting Rus-
sians were less than 28 miles from
Poznan, last big west Polish strong-
hold on the direct road to Berlin;
others were almost at the entrance to
the Polish Corridor jutting up to
Danzig, now only 60 miles away; still
another massive Red Army was dig-
ging deeper into industrial Silesia,
menacing the capitals of Breslau and
Oppeln in southeastern Germany.
Victory Guns Fire Salute
It was another great night in Mos-
cow. The capital's 224 victory guns
began firing 100 salutes orderedby
Premier-Marshal Stalin in five orders
of the day announcing these tri-
umphs:
1. The capture of Deutsch-Eylau,
Osterode and Allenstein on the Ber-
lin-East Prussia Railway by Mar-
shal K. K. Rokossovsky's Second
White Russian Army. Berlin said
this force striking toward Elbing, 37
miles north and 38 miles northwest
of Deutsch-Eylau and Osterode,
numbered 58 infantry divisions and
six fast motorized corps.
2. Insterburg, 60 miles east of Kon-
igsberg, fell to Marshal Ivan Cher-
niakovsky's Third White Russian
Army, striking directly along the
highway from the Lithuanian border.
Other units were reported about half
that distance from Konigsberg on the
northeast. Insterburg is a city of
41,000 and a munitions center.
3. Gniezno, a nine-way junction
165 miles due east of Berlin and 28
miles from Poznan, fell to Marshal
Zhukov's legions. They also captured
Inowroclaw, another point on the
Berlin-East Prussian Railway running
through northern Poland just below
the Polish Corridor to the sea.

Carrier Planes
Destroy 140
Jap Warplanes
Third Fleet Inflicts
Damage on Formosa
By The Associated Press
U.S. PACIFIC FLEET HEADQUAR-
TERS, Pearl Harbor, Jan 22.-Mak-
ing the fifth strike of the month on
Formosa and nearby small islands,
Third Fleet carrier airmen last Sat-
urday destroyed 140 Japanese war-
planes and inflicted heavy damage
on enemy shipping and ground in-
stallations
Adm. Chester W Nimitz's commu-,
nique today announcing the foray
said, "One of our major ships was
damaged, in the raid, undertaken
only five days after the Third Fleet
had finished its first attack on China
coast ports.
US. Warship Damaged
The disclosure that a major United
States warship had been damaged
was the first officially reported ship
casualty in the Third Fleet's high-
speed marauding against Indo -
China, China and Formosa in the
last two months.
Forty-three Japanese planes were
shot out of the air and 97 destroyed
on the ground in sweeps ,over air-
dromes at Heito, Choshu, Matusy-
ama, Eiko, Kuputsua, Giran, Koshun
and Taien.
Reports Still Incomplete
Nimitz said reports on the shipping
damaged were still incomplete. At
the Takao naval base, on southwest-
ern Formosa, two large ships were
left burning furiously.
The Takao docks and the indus-
trial area also were observed flaming.
with large fires.
Shipping targets were leavily hit
also at Keelung, Toshien and Nan
Wan, in Formosa, and at Mako in the
Pescadores Islands between Formosa
and the China Coast.
Shipping also was bombed and
strafed in the Sakishima Islands in
the Ryukyu chain northeast of For-
rnosa.
Speech Given
By Van Dusen
'Mass Acute Suffering
Throughout the World'
"There is probably more mass acute
suffering throughout the world to-
night than there has ever been be-
fore in the history of the world. And
I am not thinking alone of those
directly taking part in the war, but
also of large areasof civilian popula-
tion," Dean Henry P. Van Dusen,
president of Union Theological Sem-
inary affirmed in an address spon-
sored by the Student Religious Asso-
ciation last night in Lydia Mendels-
sohn Theatre.
"One of the three things this gen-
eration can be sure it will encounter
after the war is suffering, suffering,
cruel and undeserved," Van Dusen
dclwared.

POLITICS IN CHINA :
Com munists Must Be Treated
Realistically,' Liang Claims
"We must neither condemn nor romanticize the Communists; they
must be treated realistically and respected as a political party," Hubert
Liang, Chong King journalist and formerly Chinese correspondent for the
Detroit News, said recently in an interview.
Liang, who studied at Depauw University and the Medill School of
Journalism at Northwestern, headed the journalism department at Yen
Ching University in Peiping for four years.
The Chinese do not fear the Com- <°

HORIZONS FOR DEMOCRACY:
Janeway, Author, Student of
Foreign Affairs, Speaks Today

munists as a 'menace,' Liang empha-
sized, drawing a parallel between the
Kuomintang and the Communists and
the Republican and Democratic par-
ties of this country.
"Though some' still cling to the

cratic constitution before the end of
1945, one of the primereforms de-
manded by the Communists.
China's political problems, like her
economic problems, the journalist be-
lieves, are a product of the wartime

Eliot Janeway, prominent young
journalist and student of foreign af-
fairs will speak at 8:30 p. m. today
in Hill Auditorium with "New Hori-
zons for Democracy" as his topic.
Janeway has made himself quali-'

ness editor of Time. He is prepar-
ing a book analyzing the political, so-
cial and economic rises threatening
in the United States.
A native New 'Yorker, Janeway at-
tende~d Cornell zand the London

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