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January 22, 1945 - Image 1

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Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1945-01-22

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DimeDaily Sale
+Y AGGWE MILLER 'auny
The local "Mairch of Dimes" drive to combat infantile paralysis is moving into have beei cool
the seventh day of its two weeks campaign with the sale of a special Dime Daily, The WaS1
in an effort to increase campus contributions. macher, also o
"Although the nominal cost of this Daily is only a dime," Jim Plate, general equally betwee:
chairman stated yesterday, "it is hoped that students will give as much over that of all money c
amount as they can when they purchase their papers." 1944 non
The campus goal of $3,000 is based on a dime a day contribution from every disease. Acc
student and faculty member. To facilitate this drive collection boxes have been Foundation f
placed in all University residences, stores, banks, theatres, and the University an increasing
Hospital. towards infa
The campus campaign began officially on Jan. 15. Since then coed volunteers, The increa
under Deb Parry and Pat Coulter, have been taking care of the contribution boxes specialized car
in the theatres, bank, and hospital, and have been contacting faculty members, therapists, mor

" ill Help
tenaw County drive, which J being directed by Miss Virginia Schu-
pened last Monday. Funds collected in the county will be divided
n the local chapter and the national foundation, with 50 per cent
ollected remaining in the county.
v stands as the second worst epidemic year in the history of the
ording. to Dr. Don W. Gudakunst, medical director of the National
for Infantile Paralysis, the large number of cases reported represents
g awareness on the part of the medical profession and public alike
ntile paralysis, an awareness that did not exist previously.
se in tIhe number of cases poses a further problem in providing the
re needed by these patients, he stated in a report., More physical
re doctors skilled in the care of polio patients, more money to pur-
A$ (iK

Polio Victims
enase the innumerable comforts for those felled by infmntie paralys ust be on
hand to meet the rising tide.
"The National Foundation for Infantile Paral.vsis has pledged that no
victim shall go without medical care regardless of age, race, creed, or color.
That pledge must be kept. Only with the unified support of the American
people can it be consummated," Dr. Gudakunst stated in his report.
Here on the campus all student groups, the Veterans Organization, the Daily,
the Army and Navy units, have pooled their members with those of the League and
Union in the present campaign to provide adequate care for each tragedy-hit child
by soliciting aid.
During the past summer, Michigan was one of the worst sufferers of the
dreaded polio virus. The total number of cases in Michigan was more than three
times the average o the past seven years and the fourth highest on record. Before
the summer ended the total cases rose to epidemic proportions in many areas.
(See DRIVE Page 4)

I AT AAI
FIGHT
INFANTILE PARALYSIS

aii

WEATHER
Partly Cloudy, Little
Change in Temperature

VOL. LV, No. 65 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, MONDAY, JAN. 22, 1945

PRICE TEN CENTS

Special Ticket Sale.
For Kapers Is Today
Male Conmmittee Representatives Will
Be at Stockwell During Dinner Hour
A special sale of tickets for Kampus Kapers for coeds living in the
three big dorms-Stockwell, Mosher, and Jordan Halls-will be held dur-
ing the dinner hour today in Stockwell Hall.
Three male representatives of the Kapers committee will be on hand
in the dining hall "for the convenience of all women in the dorms," accord-
ing to the committee.
-> ~ ___

FDR Gives Jones'

,.

Post to

Wallace

Resignation of Secretary Asked
To Make Way for Ex-Vice President
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON, Jan. 21-Jesse H. Jones disclosed tonight he has
resigned as Secretary of Commerce and that President Roosevelt intends
to give the job to Henry A. Wallace-over Jones' protest.
The 70-year-old Texan acted at request of the President, giving up
the cabinet post to make way for Mr. Roosevelt's nomination of the former
Vice President, termed by Jones "inexperienced in business and finance."
At the same time, Jones brushed aside a Presidential suggestion that
he consider taking an Ambassadorship.
The President, addressing the man he named to his cabinet four years
ago as "Dear Jesse," wrote that Wallace is "fully suited" for the post.

E

General plans for this second pro-
duction of the Kapers which will be
held at 3:30 p. m. Sunday in Hill
Auditorium are rapidly nearing com-
pletion, it was reported, and the all
student acts will be rehearsing all
this week for the show.
'Doe' Fielding is M. C.
Highlighting the two hour show
will be Doc Fielding, the. campus
favorite, serving as master of cere-
monies and he indicated yesterday
that he will have "a few surprises
for the campus Sunday."
Orhe story of University tradition
will be told in song by the 60 voice
Women's Glee Club under the lead-
ership of Jean Gillman. Old cam-
pus melodies that carry campus spir-
it into future years will be rendered
by the all girl choir as well as some
specialty numbers.
Novelty Dances
Bev. Wittan and Dot Murzek are'
preparing some new, and novel dance
numbers for the show which will be{
perform'ed for the first time in Ann
Arbor. Both Miss Wittan and Miss
Murzek have had wide experience in
dancing and dance direction while
on campus.x
An all girl trio, some specialty in-
strumental numbers, the music of
Bill Layton and his campus orche-
stra featuring Judy Ward as vocal-
ist, and other outstanding campus
talent will combine their efforts to
produce a show, which the commit-
tee calls "one that will be remem-
bered
Second Production
Kampus Kapers was first intro-
duced to campus last November as
the result of a long unanswered need
here for an all student entertainment
activity in a 4ihter vein.
Capitol Expects
Assurance oii
Big Three Meet
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON, Jan. 21-Presi-
dent Roosevelt is expected to take
extraordinary precautions to reas-
sure Congress about the results of
his projected conference with Chur-
chill and Stalin.
Even more this year than in pre-
vious wartime sessions the Chief
Executive evidently desires to avoid,
or offset beforehand, any possible
charges of secret agreements or spe-
cial deals withheld from the Ameri-
can people and Congress.
After both the Moscow conference
in the fall of 1943 and the subse-
quent Big Three meeting at Heheran,
Mr. Roosevelt and former Secretary
of State Hull went to considerable
lengths to emphasize that there had
been no secret arrangements.

AlIliesPush'
Nazis Back
In Ardennes
Patton Batters Troops
From West and South
By The Associated Press
PARIS, Jan. 21.- The Germans
were retreating to the Siegfried Line
tonight from the shattered stump of
their Ardennes salient in a storm of
artillery fire as the US. Third Army
surged ahead nearly five miles and
Allied armies struck along 300 miles
of the western front.
Lt.-Gen George S. Patton was bat-
tering from the west and south
against what once was the Belgian
bulge-now shrunk to 150 of its once
1,000 square miles-and raking with
shell fire the fleeing troops and ve-
hicles trying to get back into Ger-
many from northern Luxembourg at
Vianden
Lt.-Gen. Courtney H Hodges, First
Army some28 miles north had closed
from north and west to within three
miles of St Vith. without whose ex-3
cellent roads and railways many
Germans might be trapped.
Nowhere did the Germans .fld
positions more than ten miles west of
the Siegfried Line along the axis of
their deepest penetration, which had
cani ed almost 45 miles west toward
the Meuse. -
The French First Army's surprise
offensive rolled on across southern
Alsace's snowfields, although the
scope of its advance -was massed by
censorship to make the most of the'
surprise achieved when the push
opened Saturday.
SMALL BALL OF FIRE:

WAR AT A GLANCE
By The Associated Press
EASTERN FRONT-Reds take
Tannenburg, scene of German
World War I victory, move within
200 miles of Berlin.
WESTERN FRONT - Nazis
withdraw troops from Ardennes
salient to fight French near
Strasbourg; Yanks advance to
within three miles of St. Vith.
ITALY-Eighth Army takes sev-
eral points along Senior River;
Germans don British uniforms to
attempt infiltration of Allied lines.
AII--Allied planes hit Mann-
heim, Aschaffenburg, Heilbronn.
PACIFIC-American forces on
Luzon take Tarlac; British invade
Ramree Island off West Burma.
Preuss To Talk
On Dumbarton.

-Photo by John Hor th
NINETEEN YEAR OLD VICTIM-Marion, one of the many polio victims at University Hospital, is
pictured in the "iron lung" which she has occupie d since stricken with the dreaded disease in Sep-
tember. Marian was attending college in Ypsilant i and working at the Willow Run Bomber plant when
she was taken ill. She is one of the many sufferer s of infantile paralysis who is being treated at
University Hospital with funds and equipment supp lied by the National Foundation for Infantile
Paralysis.
Yank Forees Take Tarlac,6 Russians Slash
19 Miles Inside
A ~ /!1~AT iL4A IaIL- n

A1v1nes 1 toI ULIte llvilnll ,

Two U. S. Coluns
Take Railroad Hub
LUZON, Monday, Jan. 22-P)-
American liberation forces have cap-
tured Tarlac, provincial capital 65}
airline miles north of Manila, head-I
quarters announced today.
Tarlac, a highway and railroad
hub, is 22 miles north of Fort Stots-
enburg and Clark Field, once the
principal U. S. Army ports on Luzon
Island.
Constant Target
The airfield has been the almost
constant target of American Army
and Navy planes since the Yank in-

vasion forces first moved into the
Philippines with the landing on
Leyte Island last Oct. 20.
City Taken Friday
Occupation of Tarlac put the Am-
ericans 43 airline miles inland from
the Lingayen Gulf beachhead, where
the Yanks landed on Luzon Jan. 9.
The city was taken Friday by two
American columns, which also
scooped up two nearby airdromes.
Frontline dispatches said the city
was left a smouldering ruins by the
Japanese who evidently had doused
every house with gasoline and then
applied torches. Tarlac was a scene
of complete devastation, its Filipinof
inhabitants stunned and homeless.
La Paz Captured
The Americans came down from
Santa Ignacia, on the right flank
of the Liberation front, and also
took Victoria and La Paz, northeast

A ftpr z iV Yer.Q f Tn- i n'h

Soldier Recomi
Bq KENNETH L. DIXON
Associated Press Correspondent
ON THE BELGIAN FRONT, Jan.
18.-It took nearly six years and
transfers through six outfits for
Capt. James V. Johnston to reach
combat but once he did the pint-
sized ball of fire from Portland, Ore.,
became a literal legend on the west-
ern front in less than six weeks.
Weighing 127 pounds (with
equipment) and standing five feet,
five inches tall, heso distinguished
himself in his first action that on
the third day he was given tem-
porary command of his battalion
when the commander was wound-
ed.
In the last two months he has
commanded an infantry battalion
four times-a job which calls norm-
ally for at least a lieutenant-colonel.
He has ld shalf a dozen "march
fire" assauts which consist of firing
from the hip on the run as the
ria m e.kni f o f ove io

and southeast, respectively, of Tar-
lac.
es Battle Leo den la The Japanese made a counterat-
-_tack Thursday night on American
positions at Moncada, town of the
second lieutenant in the reserve Manila north highway in the center
corps and joined the 15th Infantry of the invasion thrust, but were
Regiment. bloodily repulsed, the communique
He served with the Amphibian said.
Command, Army Air Force, and the With the two new airdromes cap-
Infantry Replacement Training Cen- tured at Tarlac, the Americans now
ter at Fort Benning, Ga., before jom- have five fields on Luzon for further
ing the 84th Division last March. devastating thrusts at Japanese sup-
In his first action near Geilen- ply lines and troops.
kirchen, Germany, shortly after
he was ordered to take over the:
outfit, he was ordered to pull a D B
company out of a trap. He crawled ate LPU Uean
1,200 yards across an open field
under heavy machinegun and snip- liemainsen
er fire. After dark, he guided the I
whole outfit safely to a reinforced The Acquaintance Bureau, set up
position. under the auspices of the League and
Near Gereonsweiler, Germany, he the Union and designed to promote
led an attack which jumped off at' h no addsgedt$rmt
almd Byaoonhek helthumedoectfriendship among students, will con-
6 a.m. By noon he held the objective, tinue functioning from 3:30 to 5:30
after killing 20 G erm ans and captur- p. m . f ncton daysrom dnesdays-5 nd0
ing 86 prisoners. p. in. on Mondays, Wednesdays and
During the Mullendorf attack he Thursdays in the Union lobby for
led the way, running and firing ma- men and, for women, from 2:30 to
_,__d_ t wyr g r m-aP4. j.- .. 5-30 n. m. on the same day in the

German Silesia
Tannenberg Falls as
Reds Hit at Beslai'
By The Associated Press
LONDON, Jan. 21.-Triple Russian
invasions of Germany have smashed
19 miles inside German Silesia and'
clamped a pincers on East Prussia
from the south to east, taking famed
Tannenberg, Premier Stalin an-
nounced tonight in three orders of
the day.
56 Mile Front
The invasion of German Silesia,
the "Ruhr of the east." was ham-
mered in on a 56-mile front, top-
pling five towns, and carrying within
47 miles of the Silesian capital of
Beslau. The Red Army now stands
214 miles southeast of, Berlin, and
195 miles due east from the Nazi
capital.
A new invasion of East Prussia
from the south has plunged into that
Junkers province to a depth of 16
miles on a 50-mile-wide front, cap-
turing both Tannenberg and Neiden-
burg, Stalin announced. Tannen-
berg, burial place of Von Hinden-
burg, was the scene of the great
German victory over Russia in the
first World War.
Gumbinnen Captured
The offensive into East Prussia
from the east has captured Gumbin-
nen, 65 miles east of the capital of
Konigsberg, Stalin disclosed.
Red Army units in the southern
invasion of East Prussia were only
83 miles from Danzig, threatening to
pinch off all of East Prussia.
The powerful invasion of German
Silesia captured Kreuzburg, 49 miles
from Breslau on the Oder River, and
Pitschen farther north, just 214 miles
from Berlin.
200 Miles to Berlin
Berlin was but siightly more than
200 miles ahead of the Soviet steam-'
roller farther north battering thro-
ugh central Poland, and other Rus-

Oaks ProposaI
Mayor To Honor State
Department Member
Dr. Lawrence Preuss of the State
Department will highlight an Ann
Arbor Dumbarton Oaks Week with
a lecture at 8 p.m. Wednesday in lec-
ture hall of the Rackham Building. -
Mayor Leigh J. Young will issue a
proclamation today honoring Dr.
Preuss, whose talk on Roots and
Branches of Dumbarton Oaks is
being co-sponsored by Post-War
Council and the League of Women
Voters.
Local groups in town will meet
throughout the week and will dis-
cuss problems of world peace. Next
Sunday churches will devote ser-
mons to the Dumbarton Oaks issue.
On leave from the political science
department, where he is an associate
professor, Dr. Preuss has been with
the State Department since 1942. He
attended the Dumbarton Oaks con-
ference last September as technical
advisor to the American delegation.
Dr. Preuss will explain how the
Dumbarton Oaks proposals came into
being and will outline their main
provisions. He will also discuss fu-
ture plans to put the proposals into
effect explaining how the American
people can participate in the forma-
tion of a world organization.
SRA Sponsors
Van Dusen Talkgy
"Student Leadership in the War
and Post-war world will be discussed
in an address by Dean Henry P.
Van Dusen, newly elected president
of Union Theological Seminary, un-
der the auspices of the Student Re-
ligious Association, at 8 p. m. today
in Lydia Mendelssohn Theatre.
As a leader in education and in
world Christianity, Van Dusen has

He cited the Iowan's vigorous cam-
paigning during the 1944 election
drive and declared he "deserves al-
most any service which he believes
he can satisfactorily perform."
Correspondence Told
Jones made public the correspond-
ence which was dated yesterday, the
day of the fourth term inauguration.
There was no comment from the
White House on Jones' release of the
letter exchange between him and Mr.
Roosevelt. Nor would Jones elaborate
on the situation, telling reporters
through an aide that his letter
"spoke for itself."
Wallace could not be reached for
comment.
Senator Taft (R.-Ohio), chair-
man of the Republican Senate
Steering Committee, said flatly he
did not think Wallace qualified for
the job if it involves handling re-
construction Finance Corporation
matters.
Senator McCarran (D.-Nev.), a
member of the Commerce Com-
mittee, said that Jones had done a
splendid job as head of the lend-
ing agencies, holding RFC losses
to "an insignificant sum."
"I have never seen anything to in-
dicate that Wallace is 'qualified by
training, experience or ability for
the Commerce and RFC post," he
added.
Strong Precedent
Another member of the committee,
Senator Brewster "(R.-Me.), said:
There is strong precedent for the
President to have his own cabinet.
At the same time the appointment
may present'the fundamental issue of
financial soundness."
Eliot Janea
To Speak On
De mocracy
Eliot Janeway, prominent young
journalist and student of foreign
affairs will speak at 8:30 p. m. Tu-
esday in Hill Auditorium on the topic
"New Horizons for Democracy."
A native New Yorker, Janeway at-
tended Cornell University and the
London School of Economics. He
has been special adviser to many
corporations and government bodies
and has spoken 'professionally for a
number of years.
He has contributed widely to
magazines and periodicals, among
them Harpers, The Nation, New Re-
public, Asia, Virginia Quarterly Re-
view and the New York Times. For-
merly a business editor of Time, he
is now a special writer for Life and
Fortune.
Interviews with important indu-
strial, labor, and political leaders
throughout the country have enabled
Janeway to appraise the nation's
present and post-war capacities in
the economic field.
Bowling Alleys To
Open Week-Days

CAMPUS

EVENTS

Today Special Dime Daily Edi-
tion for Infantile Paraly-
sis. Drive.
Today Dean Henry Van Dusen
will talk on "Student
Leadership in the War
and the Post War World"
at 8 p. m. in Lydia Men-
delssohn Theatre.
Jn. 23 Eliot Janeway. writer for

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