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January 20, 1945 - Image 1

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Text
Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1945-01-20

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FIGHT
INFANTILE PARALYSIS

SiAim

t

WEATHER
Cloudy with Little
Grange in Temperatu~re

VOL. LV, No. 63 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, SATURDAY, JAN. 20, 1945

PRICE FIVE CENTS

Reds

Slash

to German

Silesian

Frontier

,

Jap Attacks
Near Rosario
Are Repulsed
Luzon Town Is on
Highway to Baguio
By The Associated Press
GEN. MAC ARTHUR'S HEAD-
QUARTERS, Luzon, Jan. 20, Satur-
day-Japanese counterattacks near
Rosario Wednesday night were blood-
ily repulsed, Gen. Douglas MacAr-
thur announced today.
Rosario, on the left flank of Mac-
Arthur's Luzon beachhead, is on a
highway leading to Baguio,summer
capital of the Philippines and the'
likely seat of Japanese military offi-
cials.
The town, six miles inland from
Damortis, has been the scene of bit-
ter fighting for days. The Americans
yesterday were reported on the out-
skirts, with naval guns shelling the
city.
laps Strongly Entrenched
The enemy was strongly entrench-
ed in the area. One front line dis-
patch predicted the digging-out job
would be as difficult as it was at
Peleliu in the Palaus.
To the southeast at Binalonan a
small Japanese tank unit was de-
stroyed as the Americans tightened
their grip on the main Manila-
Baguio highway, now in Yank hands
at a half dozen places.
Binalonan, where two highways
intersect; was captured by the Amer-
icans last Sunday.
Yanks Attempt Junction
A six-mile advance down the cen-
tral Luzon plain put Yank infantry-
men at Santa Ignacia. ThesenAmeri-
cans are moving from captured Cam-
iling toward a junction at Tarlac
with another Yank column.
Reports of fighting at Rosario and
Binalonan followed by just a day a
bitter 24-hour battle for the road
junction city of Urdaneta, 27 miles
inland from the Lingayen Gulf
beachhead.
B29's Raid Jap
Industrial Area
13-29 HEADQUARTERS, Guam,
Jan. 19-(P)-Scores of Saipan-bas-
ed Superfortresses today made their
first sweep over the Kobe-Osaka in-
dustrial area on Honshu island, Ja-
pan, leaving big fires rising from the
sprawling Kawasaki Aircraft fac-
tory after the daylight raid.
(While 20th air force headquart-
ers at Washington said only that a
"sizeable force" of the B-29s attack-
ed the modern factory at Akashi, 10
miles west of Kobe, the Tokyo radio
set the figure at 80 planes and ad-
mitted "some damage" was done.)
All the Superforts returned home,
having encountered only fairly light
aerial and antiaircraft opposition.
The crewmen reported every plane
in the formation hitthe target.
Perhaps the reason for the unms-
ually good preliminary reports for
the raid was due to the fact that
the planes came over their target
several thousand feet lower than
had been the earlier practice.
SRA To Sponsor
Talk by Van Dusen
Dr. Henry P. Van Dusen, world
traveler and lecturer, will deliver an
address on "Student Leadership in
the War and Post-War World" under
the auspices of the Student Religious
Association at 8 p. m. Monday, vy-
dia Mendelssohn Theatre.

CAMPUS EVENTS
Today Fifth annual Chamber
Music Festival featur-
ing the Budapest String
Quartet in two concerts
at the Rackham build-
ing.
Today "The Steadfast Tin Sol-
dier" will be presented
for the Children's Thea-
tre at 2:30 and at 4:30
p. m. at the Lydia Men-
delssohn Theatre.
Today Annual Union open
house from 2 to 5 p. m.
Today Michigan-Illinois wres-

Yanks Repel Germans
North of Strasbourg

Russians

Fighterbombers
Nazis' Ardennes
ay The Associated Press
PARIS, Jan. 19-(P)-The
Seventh army struck back tad
German forces north of imr
Strasbourg, where the enemy
Her in the day massed 10,000 -
broke from the Rhine bridg
and joined up with other force
ther north on a solid 75-mile
Fighterbombers ripped intoE

Rip into Enemy Armor;
Counter-Offensive Falls-

WA R AT A GLANCE
.By The Associated Press
EASTERN FRONT-Reds drive
into Lodz and Krakow and reach
Reich border at Silesia.
WESTERN FRONT-New Nazi
drive perils Strasbourg, First Ar-
my straightens Ardennes salient
with steady gains.
ITALY-Italian troops given
battle posts for first time; action
slow.
PACIFIC - Superfortresses at-
tack Kawasaki Aircraft plant;
Americans on Luzon turn back Jap
counterattacks at Rosario.
Deans Support
New Kam pus
Kapers' Show
Special Ticket Sale
Will Be Held Monday
Both Dean of Students Joseph A.
Bursley and Assistant Dean Walter
B. Rea indicated hearty support yes-
terday for the second production of
.Kampus Kapers which will be held
at 3:30 p. m. Sunday, January 28
in Hill Auditorium.
Speaking of the all-student pro-
duction first introduced to campus
last November, Dean Bursley de-
clared that "Kampus Kapers tends
to build up University spirit and
supplies a healthful and interesting
form of entertainment."
Ticket Sales Continue
At the same time general ticket
sales continued in the Union League,,
at the USO and in Wahr's book-
store. A special sale for residents of
Stockwell, Mosher and Jordan Halls
will be conducted at dinnertime
Monday outside of the Stockwell
dining hall.
This kind of light entertainment
is needed in these days," Dean Rea
stated, and "the Kapers show merits
the support of the entire student
body."
The resources of the Union, the
Daily, and the League have been
combined to bring this long needed
feature to campus activities. The
committee pointed out that all pro-
ceeds from the sale of tickets will be
given to the Bomber Scholarship
Fund and the Local USO.
Seven Student Acts
First hailed as an innovation and
now spoken of as part of campus
tradition, Kampus Kapers will bring
seven all student acts to the stage
of Hill Auditorium headed by Doc
Fielding as master of ceremonies.
Bill Layton and his campus orche-
stra will be musical hosts for the
afternoon and will feature a spe-
cial instrumental quartet. Comely
Judy Ward, featured singer with the
band, will be back on campus in time
for the show.
REVENUE REVISION:
Comnittee Prt
In State and Lt
LANSING, Jan. 19-(P)-The State
Tax Study Committee, writing final
recommendations to Governor Kel-
ly and the legislature for revision of
state and local tax laws, today
adopted a series of proposals de-
signed to bring financial relief to
local units of government.
Chief among the proposals was the
controversial suggestion that the

armor and doughboys drove the Ger-
mans back across the Zorn river
some nine miles north of the Alsa-
tian capital. Other American blows
showered down on the front in a
grim attempt to keep the Germans
from outflanking all American posi-
tions in northeastern France.
Western Front Aflame
Virtually all the 300-mile western
front was aflame. Allied and Ger-
man armies raced to see which could
get their stalled offensives roling
first in these critical winter months
when Germany is faced with crush-
ing blows from east and west.
The British second army in a two-
mile sweep all but cut off the German
panhandle north of Aachen, overran
seven or more towns, and was storm-
ing the western ramparts of the
Reich and closing on the Roer river
line some 38 miles west of industrial
Dusseldorf on the Rhine.
First Nears St. Vith
The U. S. First Army, slashing
through the wind-driven snow as
much as two miles along a 40-mile
front, had closed to within four miles
of St. Vith-the way out of the now-
shattered Ardennes salient-from the
west as well as north.
The U. S. Third Army, exploiting
a break across the Sure River of
northern Luxembourg along an eight-
mile front, seized Diekirch, 17 miles
northeast of the duchy's capital,
nearbyBettendorf, and was making
menacing gestures on the right flank
at the duchy's border only eight miles
west of the 'Siegfried fortress of
Trier.
Counteroffensive Fails
Supreme Headquarters' of the Al-
lied Expeditionary Force also an-
nounced that the Germans' Arden-
nes counteroffensive has failed "and
has not seriously affected our own
plans and preparations for future
operations."
A detailed official review of the
operation was released.
"The German plan was the con-
ception of Hitler and Von Rund-
stedt, and both are equally respon-!
sible for its failure," headquarters
said in a long statement which plac-
ed the cost to the Gemans at around
120,000 men, compared to 55,421 for
the Allies, from Dec. 16 to Jan. 11.
Draft Dodaers
To Be Punished
Committee Approves
Fines, Imprisonment
WASHINGTON, Jan. 19.- (M-
"Draft Dodger" penalties-a maxi-
mum of five years imprisonment and
fines up to $10,000-were approved
by the House military committee
today for men 18 to 45 who willfully!
leave essential war jobs.
This or any other version of the
manpower control bill, however, faces
a probable stiff fight on the House
floor.
It was made clear today by Maj.-
Gen. Lewis B. Hershey, director of
selective service, that the civilian job
of a draft registrant in the 26
through 29 age group doesn't matter
if someone else is available to do it.'
oposes Changes
ocal Tax Laws
only five years by a two-thirds ma-
jority vote of the electors.
It also urged equalized valuation of
property be considered its assess
valuation for tax purposes, and that

assessments be made at true cash
value. Most assessments now are
made on smaller percentages of cash
value.
Local Revenue Small
Schimmel told the committee un-
der-assessment causes some local

~...........
.. . . . .... . . . ... ..
>upjjjs
E I
" ti
Island invasion forces advance through a native Filipino village that has been wrecked by Naval shelifire
and bombing before being taken from the Japanese. This riicture was made by Associated Press photo-
grapher Frank Filan on assignment with the warti me still picture pool.
.- -r

Dr. Parran Claims Venereal
Diseases Can Be Eliminated

By STAN WALLACE
Dr. Thomas Parran, Surgeon Gen-
eral of the U. S. Public Health Ser-
vice, declared yesterday that "ven-
ereal disease can be elimilnated as a
major public health problem within
this generation," during the course
of his official tour of inspection of
the Michigan Rapid Treatment Cen-
ter here.
"These diseases (syphilis and
gonorrhea) are now minor prob-
House Gives
Churchill Vote
Of Confidence
International Plans
Demanded by Eden
LONDON, Jan. 19-(AP)-Prime
Minister Winston Churchill won a
340-to-7 vote of confidence in Brit-
ain's interventionist policy today aft-
er Foreign Secretary Eden announc-
ed that President Roosevelt and Pre-
mier Stalin would be asked to join
in creating immediate international
machinery for dealing with problems
arising in liberated lands.
Eden disclosed that the appeal for'
creation of machinery with teeth in
it to deal quickly with international
political problems would be laid be-
fore the forthcoming "Big Three"
meeting.
Showdown l emanded
He made the disclosure at the
close of a two-day war debate with
a blunt demand that the House of
Commons show whether "we have
your support or not." He asserted
that he wanted to show the world
that the Churchill Government was
not "tottering."
Eden's call for a vote of confidence
came over the protests of a small
faction of Laborites who charged the
government with putting them on
the spot, as technically the balloting
was on a $4,000,000,000 war vpprop-
riations bill.
Seven Oppose Government
Some members announced flatly
beforehand that while they were
bitterly opposed to Churchill's pol-
ocy, they would not vote against the
Government "to permit Tory hacks
to say we voted against war credits."
Five Laborites, a Communist and
an Independent cast the seven votes
against the Government, while two
Commonwealth Party members re-
corded themselves in opposition but
did not vote since they acted as tell-
ers.
'Tin Soldier' Will Be
Given Twice Today

lems and with the scientific weap-
ons at our command, the danger
from them can be eliminated," he
added.
Dr. Parran came to Ann Arbor to
assess the results of work done at
the Center since it was opened last
July. He wds guided on his tour by
Col. Udo Wile, medical consultant
for 40 such treatment centers in the
nation.
Discussing the work done in this
federally supervised institution, Dr.
Parran declared that "more than
1,000 patients have been treated here
and that syphilis cases have been
'cured' in 11 days while gonorrhea
patients have been 'cured' in half
that time."
This center, one of forty in the
nation conducting experiments to
find improved methods of treat-
ing the "white plague," was com-
mended by Dr. Parran as being
"one of the finest in the country,
being located near the University
Hospital and Medical school."
"Our present methods are safe, ef-
fective, and speedy," he declared in
describing the work being done at
the center.
Turning his attention to the ven-
ereal disease picture in the nation,
Dr. Parran asserted that the prob-
lem is under control and that "after
three years of war, there has been
no effective increase of the number
of cases."
Venereal disease rates for ser-
vicemen overseas are 70 per cent
of those in the United States, he
declared and added: that "our
Army rate is lower than any oth-
er major army in the world."
Pointing to future developments in
connection with government action
concerning control of major public
health problems Dr.'Parran assert-
ed that "institutions on this order,
federally supervised with state health
department cooperation, are being
organized to combat tuberculosis."

Union To Stage
Annual Open
House Today
Coeds May Roam
Corridors at Will
Featuring dancing in the Rain-
bow Room and a series of special-
ty acts, the Union will stage its 25th
annual Open House from 2 to 5
p. m. today.
Michigan men boast that the "Un-
ion is their own private property,
pointing out that that is one place
where women just aren't allowed.
That tradition will be ignored Sat-
urday when coeds will be permitted
to roam the Union corridors at will.
The Tap Room, the Pendleton Li-
brary and the billiard room will be
open to everyone, and women may
enter the building through the front
door while George Johnson, the Un-
ion doorman, relaxes his vigil for
the afternoon.
Students may come to this free
affair with or without dates. Dur-
ing the proceedings they will be al-
lowed to look behind the scenes in'
the Union kitchen, and also to view
a typical room provided by the Un-
ion or visiting alumni and the rel-
atives of students.
Frank Worden will lead the V-12
orchestra for dancing which will be-
gin and close the program. Featur-
ed with the 14-piece orchestra will
be Foo-Foo Fenner's Five.
Petitions Due
Petitioning for senior staff posi-
tions on the Daily for the spring
term will be considered by the
Board in Control of Student Pub-
lications during the month of
February. Both editorial and
business staff appointments will
be made.
Members of the staff should
submit petitions to the Secretary
of the Board in Control prior to
February 1.

Win LodZ,
Kra kow
Break-Through To
East Prussia Starts
By The Associated Press
LONDON, Jan. 20, Saturday-The
Red Army, opening two more massive
offensives, reached the German Sile-
sian frontier 225 miles from Berlin
yesterday in its sensational surge
through Poland, captured the bas-
tions of Lodz andnKrakow, and
clamped a huge pincers on East
Prussia in a great new break-through
into that ancient Reich province.
The Red Army's first contact with
the border of the main body of Ger-
many, from which Adolf Hitler's le-
gions invaded Poland to start the
second World War Sept. 1, 1939, was
announced officially in the midnight
Moscow communique.
Unofficial reports said the Rus-
sians already had plunged across the
frontier and were fighting on the
Nazis' beleaguered homeland.
Silesia Invaded
It was the first Ukraine army, one
of five powerful Soviet armies esti-
mated at 3,000,000 or more men, that
reached the frontier of industrially-
rich Silesia with the capture of Pras-
zka, 50 miles east of the capital at
Breslau. These troops also toppled
the six-way road junction of Wielun,
12 miles northeast of Praszka, and
also 225 miles southeast of Berlin.
Scoring their greatest gains of the
war, the Russians captured 2,50
towns and villages as they ripped
through collapsing German lines on
a twisting 800-mile front from the
Baltic to Budapest.
Budapest Near Liberation
Entire German divisions were be-
ing cut off and killed on the snow
plains and in the mountains of cen-
tral and southern Poland and the
forests of East Prussia in the north.
Budapest, ruined Hungarian capital,
also was on the verge of complete
liberation.
Swamped by the Soviet avalanche
the Germans were fleeing from Po-
land back into Germany in an effort
to escape disaster; fighting raged
along the southeastern Silesian fron-
tier, on the southern East Prussian
border and 31 miles inside eastern
East Prussia as the Russian steam-
roller advanced up to 30 miles.
The Germans were throwing in
their home army of striplings, the
elderly and thehphysically deficient
in an effort to hold the Russians at
the Silesian border.
Japs Extending
Control in China
Nips Move Southeast
In Hunan Province
CHUNGKING, China, Jan, 19-(P)
-The Japanese are extending their
present scanty control over an area
south of Hengyang between the
angle formed by the Canton-Hankow
and Hunan-Kwangsi railways, the
Chinese high command indicated to-
night.
Japanese forces were reported to
have moved southeastward from Ta-
ohsien, in Hunan province, in two
columns. One reached a point 18
miles north of the important Kwang-
tung communications center of Lin-
hsien.
Meanwhile, fighting raged in the
suburbs of the Tung river town of
Waiyung which the Japanese took
in a northward thrust from near
Hongkong.
After repulsing repeated Japanese
counterattacks, Chinese forces on
the Western Yunnan front took sev-

eral villages and were only a mile
and a half from Wanting, where the
Japanese still are barring use of the
new Ledo road from India to China.
liot Janeway
To Speak Here
Eliot Janeway, one of the editors
of Life and Fortune magazines, will
be heard at the sixth of a series of
lectuires sunsored b1the fhc ra&*tins

FOURTH CEREMONY:
-President Prepares Himself
For Inauguration Tomorrow

WASHINGTON, Jan. 19-()-
President Roosevelt closed the led-
ger tonight on three full terms in
the White House and, with a grin
and a quip, got ready for his fourth
inauguration tomorrow at noon.
While all was hubub in the White
House for the momentous occasion,
the President himself had to be al-
most disinterested-his desk as us-
ual piled high with war problems.
Two weeks short of 63 years, Mr.
Roosevelt served up his famous smile,

second term started off with
600.

only

Across town, Senator Harry Tru-
man of Missouri got out his best bib
and tucker as No. 2 man in the show.
He takes the oath as Vice President
before the President is sworn in by
Chief Justice Harlan Stone.
Wallace is out of a job as of noon
tomorrow but the President said he
didn't think he would starve. The
executive declined to clear up now
what plans he has for Wallace

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