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November 03, 1944 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1944-11-03

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VOL. LV, No. 3

ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN. FRIDAY, NOV. 3, 1944

PRICE FIVE

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Battle

Honor System To
Be Partly Dropped
Freshman, Sophomore Engineering
Classes Will Have Proctors at Exams

By RAY SHINN
The Honor System of Examination
will be practically eliminated from
the more populous freshman and
sophomore engineering classes this
semester, it was announced yesterday
by Charles Walton, '46, president of
the Engineering Council.
In response to a student petition
to the council, approved by the Exec-
utive Committee of the engineering
faculty, most of the blue books in the
first and second-year classes will be
proctor supervised.
For a variety o reasns, traceable
to 'unsettled conditions," the Honor
System has not functioned for the
past year or two as successfully as
was originally intended. The petition
from the students now gives the fac-
ulty the opportunity to decide by
themselves or by a vote in each class
whether or not that class will con-
tinue under the Honor System. How-
ever, the Council wishes to make it
clear that this is only a "temporary
partial suspension" of the system.
Inaugurated at Request of Students
The Honor System was inaugurat-
ed in 1916 at the request of the
engineering students. Termed a
"high ideal and the code of a gentle-
man," it has for years been the pride
of the Engineering College. But with
the greatly increased numbers of
semi-permanent students in the al-
ready large basic engineering classes,
temptations for dishonesty have also
increased. These can no longer suc-
cessfully be checked merely by stu-
dent cooperation.
The prime feature of the Honor
System is that during examinations
the students are entirely on their
own; After the questions have been
distributed, the instructor makes a
specialupoint of leaving the room.
Students guaranteed their honesty
by signing the pledge, "I have neither
given nor received aid during this
examination." No examination would
be graded unless that signed pledge
appeared on it. In case any student
was known to have cheated, it was
a part of the engineer's code to
report that student.
Students Recommend Suspension
The petition sent 6o the council
declares in part, "We . . . recommend
to the Faculty of this College that
the Honor System be suspended in
all courses generally taken during
the first two years of the Engineer's
curriculum; such other courses as
the Faculty may deem advisable, and
all courses wherein the students or
instructors desire it. All examina-
tions and quizzes in these courses
shall be strictly proctored, and every
attempt shall be made to apprehend
any cheaters during their first two
years."
Circulars have been sent to all
department heads, requesting them
to indicate which courses in their
Nelson Ordered to China
To Reorganize Industries
WASHINGTON, NOV. 2-(/P)-An
American mission under Donald M.
Nelson was ordered to China today
to undertake a vast reorganization of
that country's war industries.
Nelson was asked to proceed at
"the earliest possible date," the White
House announced after a long confer-
ence between President Roosevelt
and the former War Production
Board Chairman. The White House
said Generalissimo Chiang Kai-Shek
had urged that Nelson return to
China.
CAMPUS EVENTS
Nov.3-4 Daily poll for songs for
Guy Lombardo programs
Nov. 4 Choral Union Concert
Helen Traubel, soloist
8:30 p.m. at Hill Audi-
torium
Nov.. 5 Glee Club Smoker 7:30
p.m. at the Union
Nov. 6 End of 'U' War Chest

Drive
Nov. 6 Daily tryout meeting, 4
p.m. at'the Student Pub-
lications Building.
Nov. 7 Business Staff tryout

departments Villbe proctored. The
reason for proctoring each course
will be listed under one of the three
types mentioned in the petition
above.
"We didn't want to remove the
Honor System entirely, since it has
been so long a feature of the Engin-
eering School," Walton affirmed.
"But we do want the students to
realize that the Honor System is a
privilege, not to be abused."
Present Situation Temporary
Commented Dean Ivan C. Craw-
ford,."The faculty of the College of
Engineering approved the recom-
mendation of the Engineering Coun-
cil in the firm belief that the present
situation is only temporary, and that
the Honor System which the College
has cherished for so many years will
again be in full force in the relatively
near future."
"The council and the faculty are
confident that when conditions are
more favorable the Honor System
And it will come back through the
will be completelyre-established.
students," Walton declared.
-Give to the War Chest.-
Russian Troops
Near Budapest
it Offensive
By The Associated Press
LONDON. Nov. 2.-Russian troops
swept to within 23 miles of the Hun-
garian capital of Budapest today,
capturing 60 towns and villages be-
tween the Danube and Tisza Rivers
in a swift offensive aimed at knock-
ing out the last big Axis war satellite.
A Moscow communique announced
capture of Domsad, on the Danube's
east bank 23 miles south of the great
prize city; Kunszentmiklos, 27 miles
south and slightly east of Budapest;
and Tatarszentgyorgy, 26 miles
southeast of the capital.
The roar of Russian guns could be
heard in the imperilled capital, and
by night the flash of the battles on
the plains lit the skies, Moscow dis-
patches said.
The Soviet communique announced
capture of 2,000 Germans and Hun-
garians during Wednesday outside
Budapest, making a total of 7,518
taken between the Danube and Tisza
Rivers.
- Give to the War Chest -
Movies of Purdue
Gaime To Be Shown
Movies of last week's game with
Purdue, when Michigan triumphed
40-14, will be shown at 4:30 p.m.
Sunday in the ballroom of the Michi-
gan Union.
These are the same films shown to
the varsity this week. They are pre-
sented to give the other students an
inside view of what goes on in a
college football game. Slow-mtion
shots will emphasize some plays.
Plans have been made to show
movies of all of the rest of the games
this season, eight days after they
are played. All showings will be in
the ballroom at 4:30 p.m. Sunday.
The schedule of movies includes
Purdue, Nov. 5; Pennsylvania, Nov.
12; Illinois Homecoming), Nov.t19;
Wisconsin. Nov. 26. and Ohio State.
Dec. 3. There will be no admission
charge.

Strike of
20,000 Set
By MESA
Walkout in Detroit
To Start'today
DETROIT, NOV. 2-()-Matthew'
Smith, secretary of the Mechanics
Educational Society of America (in-
dependent) said tonight that 20,000
Detroit production employes who are
members of the MESA would strike
beginning at 10 a. m. tomorrow'.
Smith said that 70 representatives
of the Detroit MESA voted at a
meeting to walkout in sympathy with
an MESA strike at Toledo, O.
Among the plants which would be'
affected, if the strike is held, are the
Nash-Kelvinator Corp., the Detroit
Tap & Tool Co., the Michigan Tool
Co. and the Parker Wolverine Co.
Smith said the 1,000 workers in the
Eureka Vacuum Cleaner Co. plant
would not be included in the walkout
because of a no-strike clause in the
union's contract with the company.
The meeting was held following
Smith's return from meetings with
officials of the Cleveland Regional
War Labor Board and the United
Automobile Workers (CIO) in To-
ledo.
The Toledo dispute began last
week when 350 MESA members left
their jobs following dismissal of six
workmen at the Electric Autolite Co.
Sympathy stoppages brought the
total of idle workers to 4,500.
A company spokesman said the
dismissals were required under a
maintenance of membership clause
in the firm's contract with the UAW-
CIO. MESA officials said the six
recently changed their affiliation
from the UAW-CIO to the MESA
and that the UAW secured their dis-
missal.
-Give to the War Chest-
FDR Accuses
Opposition of
Peace Threats
WASHINGTON. NOV. 2-(P)--
President Roosevelt accused the op-
position camp tonight of threatening
"to build a party spite fence between
us and the peace," and also struck
out at what he termed wicked whis-
perings.
In a campaign speech prepared for
radio delivery from the White House,
the President said the threat con-
sisted of statements that unless the
Republican presidential candidate is
elected Congress will not cooperate in
the peace.
Praises Congress
"Certainly the United States Senate
and the House of Representatives
showed no reluctance to agree with
the foreign policy of this administra-
tion when, almost unanimously last
year, they passed the Connally and
Fulbright resolutions*which pledged
this nation to cooperate in a world
organization for peace."
In speaking of "whispering and
rumorings," the President did not go
into details. Asserting that he did
not "propose to answer in kind," he
declared the American people pay
little attention to whispering cam-
paigns.
Lists America's Aims
He declared that by carrying out
plans already made, the nation can:
"Provide employment for our vet-
erans and our war workers-we can
"chieve an orderly reconversion.

"Above all, we can avoid another
false boom like that which burst in
1929, and a dismal collapse like that
of 1930 to 1933."

Oo
STATUTE MILLEl THE HAGUE -
1 THEHAGUE Zoetermeer
NETHERLANDS:
North Sea r ROTTERDAM
Ouddorp
SCHOtJWEN "t
Hollandsch0
ZerWemsta
WACEREN - Steenbergen
VLA NDL
Roosendaal
M delburg te
- tS fEVELAND op oom
Vlissingen -
Knocke Breskens
Kck 4jer-euzen
Slus --
Brug-e
BELGIUMScehe ANT wFP
ALLIES STORM WALCHEREN ISLAND-Arrows indicate Allied moves
at the western end of the Netherlands front. British landed on south-
ern and western shores of Walcheren Island, while Canadians drove in
from the east. German pocket on south shore of Schelde River was
diminishing. On Dutch mainland, Canadians were pressing toward
Steenbergen north of Bergen op Zoom. Shaded lines indicate battle-'
front sectors.

Adult Educators
To Have Last
Session Today I
Prof. McClusky To
Be Featured Speaker
"Vitalizing local community pro-
jects" will be the subject of a dis-
cussion at 1:30 p. m. today in the
Union directed by Prof. Howard Y.
McClusky, director of the Univer-
sity's adult ed'utation program.
The discussich will be part of the
final day's sessions of the two-day
meeting of directors of adult educa-
tion programs throughout the state.
Dr. Charles A. Fisher, director of
the University's Extension Service,
was scheduled to lead a meeting at
9:30 a. m. today on College and Uni-
versity projects. Speakers at the
discussion will be John D. Elder, aca-
demic counsellor in the literary col-
lege of the University and a member
of the mathematics department,
Woodward Smith, of Central Michi-
gan College of Education, and Orion
Ulrey, of Michigan State College.
President Alexander G. Ruthven
will address a dinner following a
business meeting of directors of adult
education programs. The meeting
is scheduled to start at 4 p. m. today.
The institute for adult education
leaders throughout the state was de-
signed to keep them informed on cur-
rent developments in the field.
- Give to the War Chest -.-
Songs Picked
ByStudents Toc
Be Featured
The five favorite songs of Univer-
sity students will be featured by Guy
Lombardo and His Royal Canadians
on their regular Saturday night Blue
network show at 10 p. m., Nov. 18.,
Each week Lombardo devotes the
closing minutes of his Musical Auto-
graph program to the Favorite Five,
playing the most popular melodies of
whatever group he is saluting. For a
time he played in that period the five
favorites of the =men in the services,
as reported by entertainers who have
visited the servicemen in the various
war theaters. He has played the
favorites of war workers, hotel em-
ployes, army camps, colleges, and
many other large organizations.
Picks the Hit Songs
Lombardo is billed on his program
as the Hit Maker. Every week he
introduces some new song that has
never before been played on the air.
His percentage of hits is notable.
This season some of the tunes he
has introduced include I'll Wall
Alone, I Love You, Take It Easy, It's
Love-Love-Love, Time Waits For No
One, Kentucky, Speak Low, It's a
Cryin' Shame, Swingin' On a Star,
Long Ago and Far Away, Some Peace-

208 Nazi Planes Hit;
Yanks Push to Duren

Yank Forces
Drive Enemy
Toward Ormoc
End of Leyte Battle
Seen by MacArthur
By The Associated Press
GENERAL MacARTHUR'S HEAD-
QUARTERS, Philippines, Nov. 3, Fri-
day--American forces have made a
juncture in Carigara, coastal town
on Leyte's northwest coast, and are
driving enemy remnants west and
south toward Ormoc, Gen. Douglas
MacArthur announced today.
The "end of the Leyte-Samar cam-
paign is in sight," the communique
reported, and Japanese casualties
have risen to more than 30,000.
Elements of the 24th . Division
crushed final Japanese delaying fo'r-
ces in northwestern Leyte Valley to
effect the juncture with elements of
the First Cavalry Division.
Meanwhile, advance forces of the
7th Division cut entirely across the
lower portion of Leyte, reaching the
west coast, 26 miles south of Armoc.
"Final remnants of the enemy's
forces," said the communique, "are
now being driven into the small and
confined Ormoc sector where they
are enveloped on all three land sides
by our ground forces."
The Japanese have sent reinforce-
ments to Ormoc, from where some
of these new troops are known to
have been sent northward to bulwark
forces in the Carigara Bay sector.
Japanese remnants from the center
of the island have been streaming
both toward Carigara and Ormoc.

Two Villages Taken"
South of Aachen
By The Associated Press
SUPREME HEADQUARTERS AL-
LIED EXPEDITIONARY FORCE,
PARIS, NOV. 2-The U. S. first army
shattered the Siegfried line lull to-
day with a new drive on a front of
4,000 yards southeast of Aachen that
swept nearly two miles to within
eight miles of the big German road
center of Duren-20 miles beyond
which lies Cologne and the Rhine.
The drive rolled through the Ger-
man villages of Vessenack and Ger-
meter, 13 miles southeast of Aachen,
and up to the fortified village of
Hurtgen, often attacked but not yet
conquered by Lt. Gen. Courtney H.
Hodges' doughboys.
The attack, whose scope and ob-
jectives have not yet been disclosed,
exploded in the face of hastily
strengthened German defenses in the
morning after a heavy artillery bar-
rage that resounded through Hurt-
gen forest.
By evening American infantrymen
still were slogging forward against
stiffening resistance, it was announc-
ed at Supreme Headquarters.
Three hundred prisoners were root-
ed from pillboxes and foxholes as the
Americans broke clear out of the
eastern fringes of the battle-chewed
forest, across the road leading south
from Duren to Lammersdorf, and on
into a smaller woodland beyond.
Meanwhile British troops cleared
Vlissingen (Flushing) of all but snip-
ers, seized big gun batteries on the
San Dunes to the north, and more
reinforcements poured onto this
flooded Walcheren island for the final
mop-up of Antwerp's seaward ap-
pioaches.
-- Give to the War Chest -
U' Commie
Calls for Petition.
New Legion Post Must
File To Be Recognized
In an unexpected action, the Stu-
dent Affairs Committee yesterday re-
quested the new George Ham Can-
non American Legion Post petition
for official campus recognition and
the petition will be filed today.
Commander Leotard Cavanaugh
indicated that the request "came as a
surprise but that we shall be happy'
to cooperate in any way, for the
benefit of the veteran."
The Student Affairs Committee is
expected to take immediate action
recognizing the Post which would
dlace it on the same campus footing
as the Veterans Organization, form-
ed and recognized during the sum-
mer term.
The Cannon Post 348 was formed
by 20 charter members in early Sep-
tember and has been granted its of-
ficial charter from National Legion
Headquarters.

Merseburg Given
Pounding by RAF
- By The Associated Press
LONDON, FRIDAY, NOV. 3-A
erican fliers destroyed 208 Germs
planes yesterday when the Luftwa
made its long-promised re-appe
ance and was whipped in one of t
great all-time aerial battles-,a sa
age, whirling dogfight of 2,400 U.
and Nazi planes over Merseburg.
central Germany.
Following quickly on this decis
Allied triumph, more than 1,000 R
bombers roared out over westi
Germany after nightfall and del
ered one of their heaviest blows
Dusseldorf, Rhineland industrial c
behind the western front.
In the huge daylight raid, 1,
American heavy bombers blasted t
Leuna synthetic oil plant at Mer
burg and rail yards at Beilefield &
Rheine. Yank fliers in 900 escort
Mustangs and Thunderbolts set
new fighter record of 155 planes c
stroyed in the air and on the grou
Another fighter record of 130 s:
down and a new combination bom
er-fighter record-208-in planes c
stroyed this year during one d
were compiled.
Officials reported that, of
2,000 American planes, 41 bombe
and 28 fighters failed to return.. T
pilots flew through the heaviest f
they have encountered in mohith
"it rattled like hail" on the wil
and fuselage, one pilot said-and n
upwards of 500 German fighters,
cluding many green and black
planes which, fliers said, climt
straight up off the ground."
In shooting down the 130 Na
the American fighter pilots surpas
the previous mark of 117 kills
aerial combat. They were oppo
by many jet planes, four of wh
officially were reported shot down
The heavy bombers were attaci
by -waves of jet-propelled planes
they thundered over the oil pia
The Nazi fliers slashed at the 1
formations from the rear and si
during the bombing runs.
- Give to the War Chest -
On -sRe main in Was
Chest Cam paig

TRAUBEL TO SING:
First Choral Union Concert
Will Feature Dramatic Soprano.

FINEST TRADITION:
Smoker To Be Held Sunday
At Union by Varsity Glee Club

The inclusion in Helen Traubel's
recital at 8:30 p.m. Saturday at Hill
Auditorium of several classic concert
songs from German and French rep-
ertoires sung in English for the first
time will enable Ann Arbor music
lovers to witness the partial realiza-
tion of one of Miss Traubel's cher-
ished ideals.
It is the hope of "the first lady of
the Metropolitan Opera," at some
time in the not-too-distant future,
to be able to sing all of her recital
programs entirely in English.
Explains Musical Hope
The St. Louis soprano explains this
hope in her own words "because I am
an American singing to Americans,
and because in a great song the
'U' To Have Aviation
Courses After War
Michigan colleges and universities{

music's meaning is incomplete unless
the words, too, can be understood."
Although there is a general agree-
ment among musicians that an aria
should be brought closer to the
American people by being presented
to them in English, Miss Traubel,
according to her publicity manager
Jack Salter, points out that she and
her colleagues are still confronted by
one major handicap in the realiza-
tion of their hope-the great dearth
of satisfactory translations.
Program Given
"Perhaps the reason for this gap
in our national culture" observes
Miss Traubel, "is that in the past we
have tended to look upon translation
as mere hack work, and that, poets
have preferred to busy themselves
with their own creative expressions."
Miss Traubel's program is as fol-
lows:
God is My Song.............Beethoven
Joy of Sorrow ................Beethoven
I Love You..................Beethoven
"vio lo sapete" from "Cavalieria
( Rusticana. ......... M sa"i '

With only three days remaining in
the drive, the leaders of the Univer-
sity War Chest Campaign are re-
doubling their efforts to contact ev-
ery student and faculty member to
fill the quota of $23,000.
Paul John who is directing activi-
ties among the men under Chairmar
Tom Bliska indicated yesterday that
eight organized men's housse have
been contacted and' that most fra-
ternities have pledged 100 per cent
contributions.
Special booths will be open from
2:30 to 5:30 p. m. today and to-
morrow in both the Union and the
League to permit those persons not
contacted in organized houses to
contribute.
Peg Morgan, chaiman of the
women's division, has a crew of coed
working with her and they have beer
contacting all girls houses, dorms
and sororities in a last minute effor
to fill the quota.
Prof. Harold M. Dorr who is over
all 'chairiian for the University drivf
made it clear yesterday that mucl
hard work remains before the Mon
day deadline and that "the Arm;
units deserve credit for their fin
showing in the campaign.
Close to $13,000 of the quota ha
already been raised and most of ti
has come from University personne
other than students, and militdr
trainees stationed here.
- Give to the War Chest
Aides 7N!eeded 1 .
Commin Electio'
A call for workers to aid in the las
minute preparations for next Tues
day's election was issued yesterda
by Democratic Headquarters in th

The Varsity Glee Club, one of the
University's oldest and finest tradi-
tion, will present its second smoker
for all freshmen, upperclassmen,
graduate students and servicemen at

Club made its first public appearance
in 1886 and since then has perorm-
ed at many campus functions, . -
ing serenades, campus sings, and
concerts.
'irst A nnPran e Named

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