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January 19, 1945 - Image 1

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1945-01-19

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H - U
INFAN1I1.1 PARALYSIS

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VOL. LV, No. 62 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN FRIDAY, JAN. 19, 1945

PRICE FIVE CENTS

Russian

Army

Reaches

German

Silesia

.1. .t. .1

U.S. Western
Front Losses
Are Revealed
Yank Casualties
Reach 332,912
By The Associated Press
SHAEF, Paris, Jan. 18. - U. S.
losses on the Western Front in De-
cember, when the German winter
offensive was shattered, dwarfed ev-
en a month of battling on the Nor-
mandy beaches after D-Day and
brought American casualties in Eu-
rope to a total exceeding those of
the first World War.
Official War Department figures
placed the total killed, wounded and
captured in those bloody 31 days at
74,788.
American losses since D-Day are
54,562 killed, 232,672 wounded and
45,678 missing-an over-all Western
Front toll of 332,912 as against 322,-
182 American casualties in World
War 1°1
Exact figures are unavailable here
for the first month of the invasion,
but American casualties from D-Day
to the fall of St. Lo on July 20-
more than a month-were 70,009.
Nottall the 74,788 names added to
lengthening American casualty lists
were put there by the battle of the
Belgian bulge.
Secretary of War Stimson in
Washington earlier this week put
American casualties in the bulge at
about 40,000, from Dec. 15 to Jan. 7,
with casualties from all fronts in
that period standing at 52,554.
A separate announcement from
the Sixth Army group said that U. S.
Seventh Army casualties from its
own D-Day Aug. 15 when it landed
in Southern France to Jan. 1 were
40,683, including 6,742 killed, 40,308
wounded and 3,633 captured or miss-
ing.
The French First Army at the
same time sulered total casualties
of 31,544. Between them, the two
armies inflicted 164,457 casualties on
the enemy.
Nazi Defense
Poasition In Italy
Is Strengthened
ROME, Jan, 18.-()- A small
German force has fought back across
the Senio River-part of the Adriatic
coastal waterways which form the
enemy's winter defense line-and is
under attack by the British Eighth
Army, the Allied command announc-
ed today.
The bridgehead was planted near
Fusignano, Senlo River stronghold
13 miles northeast of Faenza in an
area where the Germans recently
have been forced into a fighting re-
treat, and coincided with stepped-up
enemy patrol lunges all along the
Adriatic.
Counterattacks yielded some pris-
ensr from the origina, force of about
100 Germans which crossed the
Senio, the announcement said.
Clearing skies yesterday released.
Allied warplanes, which pounded
communications in northern Italy-
particularly the Brenner Pass-and
targets in Yugoslavia.
CAMPUS EVENTS
Today Prof. Joe Lee Davis
speaks on "The Shape of
Books To Come" at 8:30
p. m. at Hillel Founda-
tion.
Today 19th Century text books

are on display at Univer-
sity Elementary School
Library.
Today Fifth annual Chamber
through Music Festival featuring
Jan. 20 the Budapest String
Quartet in three concerts
at the' Rackham building.
Today Michigan-Iowa basketball
game, Yost Field House,
7:30 p. m.
Today "The Steadfast Tin Sol-
through dier" will be presented
Jan. 20 for the Children's Thea-
tre Friday at 3:45 p.m.
and Saturday at 2:30 p.m.
at the Lydia Mendelsohn
Theatre.
Jan. 20 Annual Union Openhouse

Road to Berlin
Tay The Associated Pres
RUSSIAN FRONT: 256 miles
(from west of Czestochowa).
WESTERN FRONT: 301 miles
(from near Duren).
HUNGARIAN FRONT: 364
miles (from Hron River),
ITALIAN FRONT: 544 miles
(from Reno River).
Chamber .Music
Festival To fie
At Rackhham
Varied Program Will
Be Performed Today
Chamber music interpreted by the
Budapest String Quartet will be of-
fered patrons of the Fifth Annual
Chamber Music Festival, sponsored
by the University Music Society, at
three performances, at 8:30 p. m. to-
day; at 2:30 and 8:30 p. m. tomorrow
in the Rackham Building's main lec-
ture hall.
Members of the quartet are Josef
Roismann, first violin, the leader;
Edgar Ortenberg, second violin; Bor-
is Kroyt, viola; and Mischa Schneid-
er, violoncello.
Although European music annals
have claimed this organization in
the past, the group chose to settle
permanently in America after their
successful debut in 1930. In 1930, 20
concerts were played. In 1943 they
gave 80 concerts.
For their Ann Arbor series of con-
certs they will provide the following
programs:
Friday Evening, 8:30:
Quartet in D major, K. 499.....Mozart
Quartet.......... ........ Barber
Quartet in C-sharp minor, Op.13i....
SaturdayAfternoon, 230:
Quartet in G major, Op. 18, No. 2....
Beethoven
Quartet No. 7, Op. 96..........Krenek
Quartet in A minor, Op. 51, No.2... s
Brahms
Saturday Evening. 48:30:
Quartet in G minor, Op. 74. No. 3...
.. Hayden
Quartet in E-flat major.... Hindemith
Quartet in C major. Op. 59, No. 3....
A limited number of tickets for the
series or for individual concerts are
still available at the offices of the
University Musical Society in Burton
Memorial Tower.
Prof. Led erle
Called to Capital
Prof. John T. Lederle, of the poli-
tical science department, will leave
today for Washington to assume his
duties as Consultant to the Special
Senate Committee to investigate
1944 election campaign results.
Joining the University faculty at
the beginning of the current term,
Prof. Lederle received A. B., M. A.
and LL. B degrees here. He taught
in the political science department
of Brown University, where he also
served as assistant dean. He re-
ceived his Ph. D. at the Providence,
R. I., University in 1942.
No Cut In Cuban
Sug ar Supply Seen
HAVANA, Jan. 18-(P)-The Am-
erican Sugar Bowl will be as nearly
full in 1945 as it was last year.
Cuba will cut about 16 per cent
less sugar cane in the season start-
ing today, but the good news for
American housewives is that just
about all of this year's production
will go into the making of sugar,
whereas in 1944 more than 900,000

tons was side-tracked into war-es-
sential industrial alcohol.

British Take
Four Towns
In Rhine Push
U. S. Third Opens
Luxembourg Drive1
By The Associated Press
PARIS, Jan. 18.-The British Sec-
ond Army, backed by American hea-
vy artillery, slugged out gains of two
and a half miles today and overran
four towns as its drive on a 28-mile
front in western Germany's ap-
proaches to the Rhine rose in scope
and intensity.
Simultaneously the U. S. Third
Army opened a new assault in north-
ern Luxembourg, broke across the
Sure River on a seven-mile front and
plunged on two miles into the moun-
tainous defenses on which the enemy
must rely to hold his shrunken posi-
tionsin Belgium.
Emulate Soviets
With some infantry wearing white
camouflage suits such as those worn
on the Russian front, Lt.-Gen.
George S. Patton's doughboys fought
into Diekirch, 17 miles northeast of
Luxembourg City, and Bettendorf,
three miles east, while other forces
seized strategic heights beyond.
Battering up through the Holland
appendix north of Aachen, the Tom-
mies of Lt.-Gen. Sir Miles C. Demp-
sey fought into a village six and a
half miles south of Roermond, key
to the German defenses at the apex
of the Maas-Roer River triangle.
Farther south in a new penetra-
tion of the Reich the British in an
advance of over a mile were nearing
a town three miles inside Germany.
Nazi Reinforcements
The Germans threw reinforce -
ments into the mounting struggle,
but the British drive appeared to be
gathering momentum and was press-
ing the enemy back toward the Roer,
most formidable of German water
hazards short of the Rhine
German defenses in the Ardennes
wedge stiffened four miles north of
St. Vith, but the U.S. Third Army
began a new assault against the
southern flank by sending elements
of two divisions across the Sure River
in northern Luxembourg northeast
of the Duchy's capital.
Between the southern Luxembourg
border and the Saar basin, the Third
Army was crushing a German pocket
at Nennig and hammering off a
counterattack.
British Smash On
The British in Holland slogged
across a slush-covered battlefield al-
most to the outskirts of the village of
Schilberg, six and a haf miles south
of Roermond and seven and a half
miles west of the Roer.
The drive appeared designed to-
clear the enemy from all positions
west of the Roer and bring the Allied
assault lines up solidly to the stream
on the north flank of the U.S. Ninth
Army, which aready is on the river.
Lt.-Gen. George S. Patton's Third
Army, breaking up a series of enemy
attacks east of Bastogne that cost the
Germans 19 tanks in the last 24
hours, struck from a new quarter in
northern Luxembourg.
Elements of the Fourth and Fifth
Infantry Divisions broke across the
Sure River near Eidkirch, 15 miles
northeast of the city of Luxembourg,
in the face of heavy mortar and
machinegun fire.
Apparently stalled for the moment
at Recht, about four miles northwest
of St. Vith, the U.S. First Army lash-
ed out west of this enemy communi-
cations center standing four miles
from the German border.
Lt. - Gen. Courtney H. Hodges'
doughboys striking east of Vielsalm
seized Burtonville, seven miles west
of St. Vith, in a two-mile advance
that also engulfed Petit-Thier, a mile

and a half farther north.

Balt ic Sea., Titsi LITHUANIA
,, =z" oenigsberg4V'ScIossb~r *W
Gdyn ia
FAST PRUSSI
By"oTorun Ciechanowa ""- Bialystokk
SochaczewD WARSAW
POLAND Zyrardow " Brest
" ® Ltovsk
Lodz
Radom
.Breslau rKowe
Czestochow KielceLuck.
Rowne
",. a aroslaw
Krakow~~~
PrzenyX Lwow
C Z E C H O S L eStanislaow
Losonc *,ar air j sa
-Pelsoc Ksa "
y 5 " H U N G A R Y -9Cernaut'
STATUTE MILES
WARSAW FALLS AS REDS DRIVE ON-Russian troops (pointers
from symbol) have captured territory shown in black since start of new
drive last week. Marshal Stalin announced capture of Warsaw,
Ciechanow and Zyrardow and said Reds were pressing on Krakow.
The Lublin radio said Krakow had fallen. Czestochowa was captured
by the Russians.
WHEN COED IS QUEEN:
Time Honored Traditions To
Be .Flouted at Union Festival

Troops Advance
3O Miles in Day
Soviets Drive Into Krakow Outskirts,
Take Szarleyka, Bombard Enemy Soil
By The Associated Press
LONDON, Friday, Jan. 19-The German radio reported last night
that the Red Army had reached the Silesian frontier 250 miles southeast
of Berlin as Soviet formations in history's greatest offensive ripped
through Nazi defenses clear across Poland, capturing nearly 2,000 localities

v~*

Women will be allowed official en-
try through the famed Union front
door for the 25th annual Union
Open House from 2 to 5 p. m. Sat-
urday.
While the Union is usually re-
garded as a private masculine ha-
ven, once a year its corridors are
turned over to the entire campus,
coeds included. For this Open House,
traditions that Michigan men swear
by are set aside-women being in-
vited not only to use the restricted
front door, but also to enjoy such
exclusively male retreats as the bil-
liard room, the Pendleton Library and
the Tap Room, whose scarred table-
tops are permanent mementoes of
former Michigan men.
General tours of the building
can be made Saturday. All stu-
dents are urged to visit the Union
kitchens to see just how food is
prepared there. So that students
may see exactly what sort of liv-
ing accoimodations visiting alum-
ni or parents of students may
have at the Union, a special model
room will be on exhibit in the
rooming quarters upstairs.
Dancing to the music of Frank
Van Deursen Gets
New Appointment
Prof. Hardin Van Deursen of the
School of Music has recently been
appointed Dean of the Bay View
Summer School of Music in Petoskey,
Mich., succeeding Prof. Fred Patton
of Michigan State College who re-
signed due to ill health.
An assistant professor of voice on
the faculty, Prof. Van Deursen is also
acting conductor of the University
Musical Society and director of music
at the First Methodist Church. A
graduate of Northwestern University,
he has previously been on the facul-
ties of the Huron College, the Uni-
versity of Wyoming and Albion Col-
lege.

Worden - and the V-12 dance or-
chestra will be in order from 2 to 3
and from 4 to 5 p. m. in the Rain-
bow Room. Featured on the band-
stand with this 14-piece orchestra
will be Foo-Foo Fenner's Fascinat-
in' Five, a combination of campus
Navy students who like nothing bet-
ter than to play rhythm that is
more than warm.
Girls of the WAA swimming group,
headed by Rita Auer, will perform an
intricate water ballet in the Union
pool at 3 p. m. Immediately pre-
ceding this event group of tumbl-
ers will demonstra various athletic
feats on the trampolin, a sort of
net-like wire suspension, especially
built for gymnastic maneuvers.
Death Sentence
Given Youths in
Moyne Killing
CAIRO, Jan. 18.-(P)- Eliahou
Bet Souri and Eliahou Hakim, two
young Palestinian Jews who con-
fessed the assassination of Lord
Moyne, were sentenced to death in a
tense Egyptian court today and they
appeared utterly stunned.
The presiding justice read the sen-
tence.
The two self-styled patriots will
pay with their lives fqr the murder of
the British Minister of State resident
in the Middle East and his chauffeur,
Lance Corporal Fuller, who were shot
down on a Cairo street last Nov. 6.
Throughout the trial the defen-
dants had maintained an air of non-
chalance. They even discussed with
correspondents the odds on whether
they would receive the supreme pen-
alty or prison terms. But when they
realized they 'were to die for their
crime both flinched.

with 30-mile advances in 24 hours.
The Russians drove into the out-
skirts of Krakow, big bastion in the
southwest, reached the area of Lodz,
Poland's second city, on three sides,
and drove to within 13 miles of lower
German East Prussia.
(A Berlin broadcast early today,
recorded by CBS, said "Krakow ha
been evacuated.")
Szarleyka Captured
Moscow announced the capture of
Szarleyka, 12 miles from the Silesian
frontier and four miles northwest of
Czestochowa, but did not confirm the
Berlin report that the border had
been reached.
Other dispatches said that Soviet
spearheads, however, ,already had
crossed into industrially-rich Silesia,
Germany's "Ruhr of the East," and
a Moscow dispatch said that Soviet
planes and artillery were laying
down a terrific barrage on German
soil.
Bottom of Barrel
The Silesian Volkssturm, or home
army of over-age and physically poo
recruits, already has "received its
baptism of fire during this hour o
greatest danger as the enemy reach.
ed the Reich border," said Berlir
radio.
Striking powerfully in northerr
Poland the Second White Russiar
Army overran more than 1,000 locali
ties. It pushed to within 13 miles o
lower East Prussia with the seizur
*of Drogiszka, nine miles south of th
road junction of Mlawa, and 11
miles from Danzig on the Baltic.
In central Poland the First Whit
Russian Army drove to within 26(
miles of Berlin in an advance 4
miles west of fallen Warsaw, captur.
ing 500 towns and villages and spear.
ing to within 30 miles of Lod
Lodz, 22 Miles Away
The First Ukraine Army, hittin
from the south, drove to within 2
miles of imperilled Lodz, and wa
reported officially to be within 12 t
40 miles of the Silesian frontier o
a 65-mile front between the Czesto-
chowa and Krakow sectors. Thi
army captured 450 localities durini
the day. It also captured the com
mander of the 17th German tan
division, Colonel Bruck, and his staff
The frontier conflict apparently
raged west of Czestochowa, capture
yesterday by the Russians, in ai
area only 78 miles from Breslau
Silesian capital.
The Russians, estimated at 2,500,
000 men, also reached the immedi
ate approaches on three sides o
Lodz, "Poland's Pittsburgh" and sec
end city 70 miles southwest of cap
tured Warsaw, and Berlin said oth
er Red troops had broken into th
suburban streets of Krakow, big Ax
is bastion in the southwestern cor
ner of Poland.
OPA Orders
Sale "Treeze'
On Lard, Oils
WASHINGTON, Jan. 18-(P)-Th
OPA tonight ordered a three-da
"freeze" of retail sales of lard, othe
shortening and salad and cookin
oils, preparatory to resuming ration
ing of these commodities next Mon
day.
The sales freeze is effective a
12:01 a. m. Friday and will con
tinue to the start of rationing a
12:01 Monday.
Lard For Armed Forces
In a companion move, the W
Food Administration ordered 4
per cent of total lard production s
aside to meet military requirement
A ration value of two points
pound was set for all of the cor
modities affected.
The purpose of the freeze, OP
explained, is to conserve short su;
plies "on retailers' shelves while a

FDR Workig
On 'Nutshel 11
Inaugural Talk

Wartime Conditions
Cut Ceremony Time

By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON, Jan. 18.- Presi-
dent Roosevelt got busy today on the
nutshell inaugural address he will
deliver Saturday.
Because this is wartime, the whole
inauguration ceremony will be com-
pressed into 20 minutes, and the
speech into five. So Mr. Roosevelt
is trying to confine his oratory to
500 words.
The committee handling all the
myriad details of the inauguration
met at the White House in the after-
noon and settled odds and ends of
problems that always bob up at the
last minute. In another room, the
White House correspondents associa-
tion started issuing press credentials.
White House officials released in-
formation on the only two social
functions on Inauguration Day-a
buffet luncheon immediately after
the ceremony and a reception and
tea in the late afternoon.
The luncheon guests will include
members of the Supreme Court, Cab-
inet, Diplomatic Corps, Congress, the
President's Staff, and the Electoral,
College, along with lesser govern-
mental dignitaries and state gover-
nors. Among the absentees will be
Governor Thomas E. Dewey of New
York. He was invited but won't
attend.
State Senate
Reprimanded
Legislative Leaders
Urge Speeded Tempo
LANSING, Jan. 18-MP)-Legislat-
ive leaders spurred their slow -mov-
ing colleagues today to speed up the
tempo of the 1945 session, three
weeks old and scarcily turning a
wheel.
Lieutenant Governor Vernon J.
Brown, a former House member,
reprimanded the Senate after 12
Senators asked to be excused from
Friday's session.
"Very little work has been done by
the committees so far," Brown said,
"and not many bills have been in-
troduced. Let's not regret in the
busy days of March that we frittered
away our time in January. Let's
come back next week ready to go to
work."
Noting the small number of bills
introduced, Senator Ben Carpenter
said "I haven't got any bills in my
committee so I might as well go fish-
ing through the ice up North."
Fred I. Chase, Secretary of the
3 Senate, said legislative bill drafters
had prepared numerous bills for
Senators who failed to call for them
and introduce them. Brown said
the session was unusually slow to get
started.
SPrisoners Will
Be Paroled -
r-
LANSING, Jan. 18-(P)-The State
t Parole Board said today it would at-
tempt to speed up parole of prison
t inmates for entrance into the armed
- services, but declined to estimate
how many might be paroled for
k that purpose.
Brig. Gen. Le Roy Pearson, State
I Selective Service Director, said the

HOUFFALIZE IS DIFFERENT NOW:
Sorrows Are Forgotten When Yanks Roll In

HOUFFALIZE, Belgium, Jan. 17.-
(Delayed)-(IP)-As American troops
swept through this battered resort
village which the Nazi troops had
made a stronghold of Field Marshal
von Rundstedt's Belgian bulge, 62-
year-old Jules stood before his ruined
home and wept-for joy.
This elderly Belgian government

and you are back," said old Jules
simply.
Waving his cane around at the
vast pile of rubble which once was
one of the most picturesque towns m
the Ardennes, Jules said:
"Many friends lie beneath this
wreckage. But there are many Ger-
mans there, too.

to eat and for six days there was1
nothing for some of us."
Jules' wife lies today with 75
other civilians in the cellar of the
village parish house, one of the
chief refuges for the wounded.
One 16-year-old Belgian boy
kept many civilians from starving
by sneaking out at night and steal-
iino' farad fromithe CGermn au nar-

boy carried for his little sister her
prized possession-a big loose-jointed
doll wearing orange ski pants and a
floppy blue hat.
"After each bombing or shelling
ended the Germans would run out
from their basements and grab
everything they could find in the
wreckage," said Juls. "They quar-

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