Cloudy, Occasional Light
VOL. LV, No. 61 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, THURSDAY, JAN. 18, 1945
PRICE FIVE CENTS
r sw Captured
1,600,000 Men Are
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON, Jan. 17.-The na-
tion's war chiefs called for 1,600,000
more soldiers, sailors and factory
workers today. President Roosevelt
appealed to Congress for a law to
draft these extra men.
The executive urged action without
delay upon a National Service Bill
which, he said, "will go far to secure
the effective employment in the war
effort. of all registrants under the
Selective Service Law between the
ages of 18 and 45."
Mr. Roosevelt spoke out in a lette
to Chairman May of the House Mili-
tary Committee, accompanying it
with a joint statement of Army Chief
of Staff George C. Marshall and Fleet
Admiral Ernest J. King who called
the manpower need "acute."
May forecast committee approva
of the bill by "tomorrow night."
Marshall and King said the Army
needed 600,000 replacements overseas
before June 30, while the Navy re-
quired 300,000 inductions by that
date. The cited an estimate "that
700,000 industrial workers must be
added to the force producing Army
and Navy munitions and to support-
ing industries in the next six months
if our urgent needs are to be met."
Personnel losses of the Army in the
last two months "have by reason of
the severity of the weather and the
fighting on the European front, taxed
the replacement system to the break-
ing point," the statement said.
To Be SetU
WASHINGTON, Jan. 17-(/P)-Leg-
islation which President Roosevelt
asked Congress today to enact im-
mediately to meet a manpower crisis
is in effect a limited national service
The bill the President approved,
known as H. R. 1119, affects every
draft registrant between the ages
of 18 and 45 who i not now in the
armed forces. These men would be
inducted for labor corps under Army
or Navy supervision if they failed to.
work in support of the war effort.
However, the penalty provision--
induction into work units-probably;
will be rewritten by the House Mili-
tary Committee, which favors a fine
and imprisonment for registrants
disregarding draft board orders. ,
The penalty probably will be a
maximum fine of $10,000 and five
years imprisonment, which violators1
of the original draft act now face.,
The legislation provides that every+
registrant between 18 and 45 who'
leaves the activity for which Select-
ive Service has deferred him, with-
out first obtaining approval of the'
localb draft board, shall be subject
to the penalty. The usual Selective'
Service appeal routine is allowed.
Today 19th Century text books
through are on display at Univer-
Jan. t9 sity Elementary School
Jan. 19 Fifth annual Chamber
through Music Festival featuringE
Jan. 20 the Budapest String I
Quartet in three concerts'
at the Rackham building.
Jan. 19 Michigan-Iowa basketballl
game, Yost Field House,3
7:30 p. m.f
Jan. 19 "The Steadfast Tin Sol-<
through dier" will be presented
Jan. 20 for the Children's Thea-
tre Friday at 3:45 p.m.t
and Saturday at 2:30 p.m.
at the Lydia Mendelsohnt
Jan. 20 Annual Union Openhouset
BY The ASSOCWted Press
WESTERN FRONT-British Sec-
ond Army met with stiff resistance
north of Aachen. In the south,
American forces occupied Vielsalm
and closed within four miles of St.
PACIFIC FRONT-Sixth Army
troops cut the main Manila-Bag-
uio highway in two more places.
Vanks also pushed across highway
at Babonan, while other units were
within a half mile of Rosario.
RUSSIAN FRONT - Russians
captured the city of Warsaw, as a
Third Red Army began offensive
that is hurling the Germans out of
Poland on a 250-mile front.
PEARL HARBOR-Tokyo radio
said that U.S. Naval airmen hit the
south coast of China as they pleas-
ed for three straight days, striking
as far north as Shanghai.
By Nazi Tanks
British Take -Dietereni
In 1,000 Yard Attack
'rhe Associated Press
SHAEF, Paris, Jan. 17.-The new
British Second Army offensive north
of Aachen ran into stiffening resis-
tance, including German tanks, and
was slowed today after the white-
clad Tommies had advanced 1,000
yards through snow and fog and
captured the village of Dieteren.
To the south, however, American
fqrces smashing at-the Nazis' vanish-
ing Ardennes salient occupied Viel-
salm and closed within four miles of
the strategic communication center
of St. Vith.
Weather Condition Bad
The fighting was cloaked in almost
indescribably bad weather with icing
conditions so severe that not a single
American tactical air unit was able
to leave the ground. The only conti-
nental-based fighter-bombers able to
see any action whatever were 150
British planes which struck at trans-
port targets in northern Holland.
Farther southward in the bulge the
U.S. Third Army cleared the entire
Bastogne-Houffalize road and ham-
mered the enemy back toward the
St. Vith-Wiltz ridge. Below the bulge
American Third Army infantry, fight-
ing on German soil between the
Moselle River and the Saar east of
Luxembourg, closed a trap around an
enemy force of undisclosed size in a
woodland southeast of Tettingen.
Nazis Dig In at Ardennes
The Germans appeared to be dig-
ging in again in the Ardennes, stiff-
ening their resistance with the first,
armor seen in days.
The British pushing deeper into
the German-held Mass-Roer triangle
advanced like ghosts through a swirl-
ing sea of fog behind flailing mine-
buster tanks in the first Allied return
to the offensive since the beginning
of the battle of the Ardennes.
Fresh Snow Slows Battle
Foggy battle conditions were made
worse by fresh snow. The air forces
were able to put nothing into the air
in this sector but a few weather
The American First Army's ad-
vance to within four miles of St.
Vith was made by the 30th Division
BE SEEING YOU:
Red Army Nears
Uneonfirmed Report States Krakow
Falls Before Huge Soviet Juggernaut
By The Associated Press
LONDON, Thursday, Jan. 18-The Russians captured the ravaged
city of Warsaw yesterday in a brillian encirclement maneuver as a third
great Red Army group plunged into the winter offensive that is hurling
the Germans out of Poland in a cataclysmic retreat on a 250-mile front,
In southern Poland the Russians drove within 15 miles of the German
border by capturing Czestochowa, 125 miles southwest of Warsaw, and
there were unconfirmed reports that Poland's second city of Krakow
also had fallen before the Soviet juggernaut.
AMERICAN LST BLAZES AFTER JA.P ATTACK OFF MINDORO-Fire-fighting crews of a U. S. de-
stroyer (right) turn their hoses on furiously raging flames sweeping an American LST after the supply,
craft was hit by Jap planes attacking the U. S. con voy during the invasion of Mindoro Island in the
Philippines on Dec. 15. A small craft (left foregr ound) edges close to the burning ship to aid in the
battle against the fire.,
Fire at Norfolk Navy Yard
Injures 21 Persons; Pier Burns
By 'T heAssociated Press
NORFOLK, Va., Jan. 17.-Twenty-
one persons were injured, one severe-
ly, this afternoon in a fire at the
Norfolk Navy Yard Annex at St.
Helena which damaged pier three
and "two or three small Naval vessels
at 'the pier," Fifth Naval District
Headquarters reported tonight.
Rush Milton Walker, a civilian'
worker, of Portsmouth, was admitted
Hit China Agtain'
U.S. Navy Planes Meet
Light Jap Resistance
U.S. PACIFIC FLEET HEADQUAR-
TERS, Pearl Harbor, Jan. 17.-Y)-
United States Naval sairmen who hit
the south China coast as they pleased
for three straight days, by American
official account, continued their for-
ays into the fourth day striking as
far north as Shanghai, Tokyo radio
The unconfirmed enemy broadcast
said the Yank fiat-top fliers Tuesday
attacked from Shanghai south to
Hainan Island, 1,100 airline miles
apart, with blows delivered on Hong-
kong and Canton in between.
Adm. William F. Halsey's Third'
U.S. Fleet planes met faint enemy
aerial opposition while spreading de-
struction Sunday and Monday on the
Japanese naval base at Takao, For-;
mosa, and Nipponese shipping andI
docks at Hongkong and Canton.
At least 104,000 tons of Japanese
shipping, including war vessels and
vital oil tankers, were sunk or dam-
aged in these attacks, Adm. Chester
W. Nimitz said in a communique
to the U.S. Naval Hospital in Ports-
mouth for treatment of burns about
the eyes, "Approximately 20 others.
both civilian and service, were given
first aid at the scene of the fire for
minor injuries," the Navy announced.
Fire Confined to Pier
In an official statement released
tonight, Fifth Naval District Head-
quarters said the fire, of undeter-
mined origin, broke out at 3 p.m.,
and "was confined to the area of the
pier but is still burning.-
"Dense smoke due to creosoted pil-
ings handicapped the firefighters
from the Navy Yard and outside
points that sent aid.
"One civilian (not identified) who
was burned about the eyes has been
admitted to the Portsmouth Naval
Four Fire Engines
"Four fire engines from the Naval
Operating Base were sent to the fire
along with equipment from else-
The blaze, unofficially reported to
have started from sparks from a
welder's torch, swept so quickly from
a small pier to the main pier that
ships tied up at the latter pier could
not be moved before the flames
The government of Argentina is
pursuing a policy aimed at the dom-
ination of the entire South Ameri-
can continent, disregarding the op-
position of public sentiment, Prof.
Hayward Keniston stated yesterday
in delivering the first Spanish lec-
ture of the semester.
Prof. Keniston, formerly Cultural
Attache of the United States Embas-
sy in Buenos Aires, pointed out that
the government, following the exam-
ple of Germany, controls books, mov-
ies, radio; the people are called upon
to work and sacrifice to the end that
Argentina may become the leading
power of the continent, as the Unit-
ed States is in North America.
The people of Argentina disap-
prove of this program. "We are
not Nazis, as they call us," Prof.
Keniston quoted from the letter
of an Argentinean friend. The
people have the same ideals, aspi-
rations and pride as Americans,
Prof. Keniston remarked, and will
join our cause, with which they
are in sympathy, as soon as it is
possible to do so.
Berlin 260 Miles Away
Led by mammoth new Stalen su
soldiers hastened westward today on
than 260 miles distant at the nearest'
point. The shattered ruins of the
thick German defense line from East
Prussia to the Carpathians lay far
j behind, and there appeared nothing
I to stop the sweep short of the Ger-
I man borders.
Warsaw, Poland's anguished cap-
ital, fell with breath-taking speed in
a sudden flanking movement that
accomplished in one day what
months of deadly frontal assault had
failed to do.
Hardly a City
After two sieges. street fighting
last summer, and five years and four
months of Nazi occupation, the once-
great capital could hardly still be
called a city.
The Soviet-sponsored Polish Pro-
visional Government at Lublin first
announced Warsaw's fall, and it
was quickly confirmed by Russian
In the first of three orders of the
day, Stalin credited the capture to
Marshal Gregory K. Zhukov's first
White Russian army group and the
army of the Lublin Poles. These for-
ces whipped around the city, crossed
the ice-bound Vistula River on' the
north, and accomplished the capture
with combined blows from the north,
west and south.
Capture 800 Towns
Zhukov's men cut the roads to
Berlin some 25 miles due west of
Warsaw, captured the railway town
of Zyrardow, 25 miles southwest, and
advanced 16 to 25 miles in a day on
a broad front from below Radom up
to north of Warsaw, capturing more
than 800 Polish towns and villages
They were speeding westward today
on the most direct route towards
Berlin, which lies 290rmiles beyond
The Germans belatedly announced
they had evacuated Warsaw without
That they had pulled out hurried-
ly was obvious, and Stalin quickly
disclosed an additional reason.
In a second order of the day he
announced that the Second White
Russian Army group under Marshal
Konstantin K. Rokossovsky had
joined the winter offensive, bursting
through German defenses on a 62
mile front northwest of Warsaw tc
a depth of more than 25 miles.
It was Rokossovsky who led the
tremendous but futile assault on
Warsaw by the First White Russian'
forces from the north and east last
Summer Session Fee
Refunds Can Be Had
At the regular Veteran's Organ-
ization meeting held last night in
Lane Hall two veteran laws, a dance,
and change of meeting time were
The Alpha Gamma Delta sorority
will entertain all veterans whether
they are members of the organization
or not, Jan.. 19 at 7:80-12 p. n.
Veterans can bring their wives and
children to participate in a scav-
anger hunt, followed by dancing.
The University announced that
veterans who are entitled to any
tuition or fee refunds from the sum-
mer session can pick them up at
the Business Office.
Public Law 346 (GI Bill) was dis-
cussed and it was made clear that
any veteran can have Health Ser-
vice or medical care that is entitled
;o him as a registered student of the
University. Veterans under Public
Law 16 can go to Health Service
which is working in cooperation with
the Dearborn Veterans Admiristra-
tion, and they will make arrange-
,ments to take care of anything such
as illness or operations.
All veterans were contacted by
nail to vote on a new meeting time
>f the Organization, and those votes
;ent in were considered as absentee
votes and counted. However, 'the
najority still voted for the first and
bhird Wednesday of every month at
I p. m. in Lane Hall as the meeting
320 ]Pints Is
Three hundred and twenty pints of
blood is the goal for the January
Blood Bank in the drive which begins
Monday, it was announced yesterday
by Charles' Hansen and Wayne Bart-
lett, members of the Union staff, and
chairmen of the campaign.
Working with a corps of coeds
headed by Jean Loree of the Wo-
meh's War Council, members of the
Union staff will be stationed at the
diagonal from 9 a.m. to 2 p.m. Mon-
day through Friday of next week to
make appointments for students to
donate their blood.
Because nearly eight weeks have
elapsed since the last campus Blood
Bank drive, nearly all students will
be eligible to give blood for this cam-
paign. Only those who made ap-
pointments last November will be
excepted, since one must wait at least
ten weeks between blood donations.
Coffee Hour Will
Be Held Tomorrow
the main roads to
or more Russian
Berlin, now less
reached them. In order to gain cooperation with
The injured men, who were treated Argentina, Prof. Keniston stated, we
at the dispensary at the yard, were must establish friendly relations
mainly suffering from smoke and through the exchange of our pro-
slight burns. fessors, the establishment of schol-
arships, and the exchange of art
12ni which will be personal contacts. These
Dean r }mrno11s I contacts, he said, are of greater val-
ue than contacts established through
To Give Speech the 'state departments of the two
To~~~~ Gv Speh countries.
The strongest inpression a visitor
Dean W. J. Emmons will be the to Argentina receives is the striking
principle speaker at the Engineer- contrast between life in Buenos Aires
ing Smoker to be held at 7:30 p. m. and that in the Interior. The capi-
today in the Union. Sponsored by tol, world-famed for its harbor, is
the Engineering Council, the smok- characterized by a cosmopolitan at-
er will feature short talks describing mosphere.
extra-curricular activities in the Col-
lege of Engineering and urging in-
creased student participation. COEDS ARE WELCOME:
Kampus Kapers Tickets Go
On Campus Wide Sale Today
General campus wide ticket sale
for the second production of Kampus
Kapers will open today at the Union,
the League, in Wahr's bookstore, and
at the USO.
A special sales booth for the con-
venience of Naval personnel will be
open at noon today in the West
Quad while the same arrangements
have been made for a special sale
for Army men at 5 p. m. in the East
and the Daily, indicated yesterday
that "an attempt is being made to
contact every student on campus tol
enlist their support for the show.'
Sell To Dorms
In line with this policy, two Union.
staff members will be stationed in
Stockwell Hall at dinnertime Mon-
day "for the convenience of coedsl
living in Stockwell, Mosher and Jor- I
Thp nwn'r-hlti nnh, r~P i'ri ~nfFi -
Freshman and transfer students
will be special guests of the meeting
which will hear from the more thanI
twenty professional, honorary, and
service organizations within the En-I
The Naval Architects Club, Quar- .Ti
terdeck, one of several to present Fenn
exhibits as well as a talk, will show attra
examples of scale ship models made Housi
by club members. chair
Fenner's Five To Be Featured
At Annual Union Open House
ie Frenzied Fingers of Foo-Foo
er's Five will be one of the main newest sensation," Perlis affirmed.
ctions at the Union Opera Th combination, led by Joe Fenner,
e Saturday," Sanford Perlis, who is known around the West Quad
man of that annual campus as "The Big Noise from Winnetka,"
announced yesterday. has twice appeared before the cam-
en House at the Union, the pus--at the Union Christmas party
gan Men's Club, is the one time immediately preceding the holidays,
g the year that men and coeds and at the New Year's Eve celebra-
are allowed the run of the tion at the League.
ng, women being invited to ,in- Tumblers To Perform
such sacred masculine retreats As an additional feature. for the
IT._r-_ 7..-"4 -- T 0 :,.,at n.,. n ffonn nan n,'narnmrr 4-
Dr. Katz Gives
Lecture to Club
"'.a RI Q-t1nn it on n p" jixffll r fflc