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January 16, 1945 - Image 2

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1945-01-16

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TUESDAY, JAN. 16, 1943

.s. ea .na .urm. a U xw.w. v a e v.. _.. d / F A. Au1:Y 1 .: .-A. r

urope alling Into Soviet Hands, Says



Deplores Lack Of
irm U. ositon
Senator Urges Stand Against Power
Politics; Would Forget Surrender Order

By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON, Jan. 15-Senator
Wheeler (D.-Mont.) set off a crackl-
ing Senate debate today by asserting
that Europe is falling into Russia's
grasp while this country delays tak-
ing a firm stand against power poli-
^An administration supporter, Sen-
ator Pepper (D.-Fla.), bounced to
his feet, as the Montanan finished
a three-and-a-half hour speech. Cen-
tering his fire on Wheeler's reiterated
plea that the Allies abandon their
"unconditional surrender" demand,
Pepper said:
May Cost More :ives
"In my humble opinion, if he
(Wheeler) persists in urging the
abandonment of the purpose of un,
conditional surrender in this crisis,
it might cost more American lives
than any statement Mr. Morgenthau
may have made about destroying
German industry,"
Pepper said he had no doubt that
the Germans would report Wheeler's
views to their people.
Expressing the opinion that "the
peace was lost right here in the
Senate after the last war," Pepper
called on his colleagues* to agree to
arm President Roosevelt with a state-
ment of "what we will do and when
we will do it" in supporting world
peace moves.
Millikin Challeiges Pepjer
Balding Senator Millikin (R.-Colo.)

challenged Pepper's assertion that
the Senate's actions had brought on
World' War II. He asserted that oth-
er Europeay nations "lacked the guts,
the spirit and the enthusiasm to re-
sist" German aggressors. He said
Pepper could not demonstrate that
if the United States had been a
member of the League of Nations the
result would have been any different.
Wheeler said that every time he
spoke out he expected to be charged'
with aiding the enemy, but added

Snow, Rain
Slows Italian
Front Thrusts
Eig hh Army Defeat
Nazis Near La'g'oon'
By The Associated Press
ROME, Jan. 15.-Snow in the nor-
thern Apennines and rain and thaws
in the lower areas again pint a dam-
per on both ground and air action on1
the Italian front today, with only
artillery and patrol clashes reported
from most sectors.
The only substantial action was
the extermination of German out-
posts by Eighth Army troops near
the shores of Comacchio Lagoon at
the extreme right end of the line and
a swoop by a Polish patrol across the
Senio River south of the Bologna-
Rimini highway. The Poles went
within five miles -of Imola before they
were engaged by the enemy.
On the snowbound U.S. Fifth Army'
front, German artillery laid down
heavy fire from big 170-mm. long
range rifles, as well as from 150, 105
and 88-mm. guns. Headquarters re-
ported thiat the Nazis were using
many captured Italian, French,
C-echoslovakian and Russian guns.
Strongly-reinforced German forces
have dug in along the banks of the
Senio and Reno Rivers all the way
from the Adriatic to the Apennines.
ean Edmonson
To Participate
Iii etroit Panel
Dean James B. Edmonson of the
School of Education will participate
in an open forum discussion to be
held at 8:30 p.m. tomorrow at the
Rackham Educational Memorial in
Detroit under the auspices of the
University Club of Detroit.
The subject of the panel is "Are
We Equipping Our Youth To Meet
Tomorrow's Problem?" and will in-
clude several Detroit educators and

The "St. Matthew Passion" by Jo-
hann Sebastian Bach. the conclud-
ing portion of which will be present-
ed at 7:30 p. m., tomorrow in the
Lane Hall library, is being performed
in full from records as a part of the
Student Religious Association's week-
ly Music Hour.

Jesus' trial, crucifixion and burial,
taken from Matthew 27:7-6. The
narration is combined with various
chorales and solo arias placed at
significant points in the story. The
famous "Passion Chorale," "0 Haupt
voll Blut und Wunden" appears three
times in this section A traditional

Religious Group To Hear
Last Part of Bach Hymn


INVASION TROOPS lAND AT AKYAB--Troops move ashore from
invasion barkes during the operation that resulted in the capture of
Akyab, port on the West Coast of Burma, by British forces Jan. 3.
This is a British official photo.
t$.25,OO Offerecd by State fo
Ca hir I ope' Slayers

STaylor .Will Analyze MlUSIC German hymn second in popularity
Discussion of the setting and ana- only to Luther's "Ein fest Burg," was
Mlyzation of the music will be present-I a great favorite of Bach's.
ed by Robert Taylor, '46E.
The Bston Symphony Orchestra Weekly Discussions
une Ber n Kosmvitzky thesHar The 'Student Religious Association
yard Glee Club ard Radcliffe Choral I as sponsored these weekly discus-
society under G. Wallace Woodworth sions of religious music for four
and soloists including Ernst Wolff semesters.
at the harpsichord and Carl Wein-
rich at the organ take part in the
Crucifixion Scene Included
The final part of the Passion, which
is the part to be performed Wed-
nesday, includes the narration of


i I

y 'The Associated Press
LANSING, Jan. 15-The legislature
moved tonight to post a $25,000 re-
ward for capture of the slayers of
Senator .Warren G. Hooper, a key
witness in the Carr Grand Jury in-
vestigation graft in state govern-
The development came on the heels
of officially announced reports of at-
tempts to intimidate Grand Jury wit-
nesses, and disclosure , that a new
witness has come forward with a
story of having seen mysterious
movements by men in an automobile
believed to have participated in the
apparent ambush killing of the Al-
bion senator.
Kim Sigler, special Grand Jury
prosecutor, announced at a Jackson
press conference that several Grand
Jury witnesses, not all of whom have
testified already, have received
threatening telephone calls as re-
cently as today in which they were
advised in substance:
"You'd better keep your mouth
Sigler asserted "There is a deter-

mined effort being made to block
- the Grand Jury in its work." s
He and other investigators are pro-
ceeding on a theory that Hooper was
ambushed at the lonely roadside spot Scholar.-
in Jackson county where an assassin
Thursday fired three revolved bullets Two scholarshi
into his head and face, with sole in- xnd $200 each, a
_ tention of sealing his lips from relat- the Order of Ea
- ing in court what he may have known chapter, Worthy
vjof graft in state government. Seyler has annou
Sigler made no mention of wit- Those who arei
nesses in the investigation of the kill- at the University
ing receiving any threats. auy other Michig
Sigler made no mention of witnes- sons or daughter
ses in the investigation of the kill- or Eastern Star
ing receiving any threats. to compete for th
Governor Kelly conferred for more tions for the sch
than three hours with advisers be- cepted until Feb.t
1 fore the drafting of a reward bill Winners willt
was started. This, sponsored offic- basis of schol
T ially by Senator Ben Carpenter, Har- adaptability and
rison Republican who earlier had Those eligible
been critical of the Grand Jury, would campus are urge
pay the reward for information re- Hudson Morton,
ceived on and after tomorrow, Jan- Ann Arbor com
uary 16, leading to solutioi of the general informat
crime. campus activities

Argentina To
Be Discussed
Prof. Keniston To
Open Lecture Series
Prof. Hayward Keniston, former
Cultural Attache in Buenos Aires,
and chairman of the Romance
Language department, will open the
Spanish lecture series with an ad-
dress on "Impresiones de la Argen-
tina y los Argeptinaos" to be given at
8 p. in. tQmnorr w in Rmn. 316, of the
Prof. Keniston has recently re-
turned from Argentina, where he.
acted as Cultural Attache of the
United States Embassy for two years.
During his stay Prof. Keniston inter-
viewed men from all walks of life,
and met many Latin-American edu-
In Argentina, Prof. Keniston be-
cane acquainted with two groups
of differing intellectual outlooks. The
first group includes the more conser-
vative elements, publishers -of the
periodical "Nosotros"; the second,
more modern, faction comprises
scholars such as Victoria Ocampo,
who edits "Sur."
Prof. Keniston traveled extensive-
ly through the country, visiting such,
University towns -as Tucuman, where
he met Prof. Frondisi, who spent last
year on the Michigan campus.
Coffee Hou rT
Held Today
Journalism Stuents,
Faculty Will Assemble'
The first Coffee Hour of the sem-
ester to be sponsored by the Depart-
ment of Journalism will be held at
4 p.m. today on the second floor,
north wing of Haven Hall.
According to Prof. John Brumm,
chairman of the department, in an-
nouncing the social hour, its purpose
is to acquaint members of the jour-
nalism faculty with the students en-
rolled in the various writing courses.
Discussion of trends in the trade
and current affairs will be two of the
informal subjects the group "tradi-
tionally considers," stated Prof.
LOST: Gold diamond and rubies
ring, Reward. Call 6961 or 2-
2521 ext. 307.
LOST: Black Schaeffer pen, Jan. 10.
in or between Angell Hall, Quar-

ips, valued at $300
re being offered by
astern Star, Grand
Matron Mrs. Hazel
in their junior year
Y of Michigan or at
gan college, and are
rs of either Masons
members are eligible
ae awards. Applica-
olarship will be ac-
be selected on the
arship, leadership,
financial need.
on the University
ed to write to Mrs.
chairman of the
mittee and include
ion regarding their

. . . worried about Russia.
that lie "can take it." Previously
Secretary of State Stettinius had
said that Wheeler's remarks about
unconditional surrender might have
been labeled "Made in Berlin."
Complete Polio
Campaign Plans
Organizational detarls for the part
the Veterans' Organization will play
in the campus Polio campaign will be
completed at the group's meeting
7 pm, tomorrow in the Basement
Lecture Room of Lane Hall, Wally
Bergerson, publicity chairman, an-
Pictures of the group will also be
taken for the 'Ensian, Bergerson said.
Other business at the meeting will be
determination of the most conven-
ient meeting time.
Marvin Schafer, heading the Co-
op ating Committee, will present a
definite plan on the problem.
o . i~ t z at i on
Work int Scouts
Open for Girls
Gertrude Bruns, field advisor from
the National Girl Scouts Organiza-
tion will interview girls interested in
organization work at the Bureau of
Appointments and Occupational in-
for-i ation Wednesday and Thursday
Girls who are accepted will be
given professional training at central
points throughout the country. Aft-
er completing this preliminary course
they will become secretaries in vari-
ous communities handling local Girl
Scout administration.
No experience is required for these'
positions but Miss Webber, of the
Bureau says that any experience
planning or supervising programs
and meeting people would be ex-
tremely -helpful since the work will
involve making public contacts with
civic and financial sponsors.
Miss Bruns is looking for Febru-
ary and June graduates. Appoint-
ments may be made by calling the
Bureau of Appointments today and
11a(1 Ser'Vlce 10 Islan~ds
lip PLiIJlppiil ReIt medttI
WA IINGTON, Jan. 11.- i/.
Mail service has been resuimed to
the Philippines.
P -otmaster - General rauik C.1
Walkcr said service will be limiited to
first-class letters to the three islands

British Confirm Hess' Flight Was Unkno

wn to I

LONDON-(/P)-Rudolf Hess, con-
trar totheopinion which I found
almost universally acceptedhin Amer-
ica, came to Britain* on a self-style
"Mission of Humanity" on May 10,
1941 without the knowledge or ap-
proval of Adolf Hitler.
A comparison of data available to
Whitehall with the circumstantial
evidence available to American cor-
respondents stationed in Germany at
the time of Hess' flight further estab-
lished that Hitler's long-time secre-
tary and later deputy fuehrer was
inspired and backed by Prof. Karl
Von Haushofer, an expert on geo-
politics, and Willy Messerschipitt,
builder of Germany's best fighter
Efforts to see Hess, whom I knew
well in Germany, were unavailing on
the grounds that the Hess chapter is
closed and because, authorities say,
he probably couldn't talk coherently
if interviewed.
I was informed that he has consid-
erable latitude of movement-under
guard of course-2to take strolls and
enjoy fresh air. He is treated as a
prisoner of tvar of high rank, has
reasonably good rations and period-
ically is visited by a representative
of the Swiss Legation to whom he
can address complaints.
Rumor has it that he is somewhere
in Wales, but officials would not con-
firm this.
' The Ministry of Information first
met my request to clarify whether
or not Hess came as -H.itler's agent
with, "What difference does it make?
His plan was so impossible that it is
immaterial who sent him. We knew
Hitler was preparing war on Russia
and hence discounted Hess' asser-
tion that the Fuehrer had no designs
on Russia nor aimed at world domi-
Countering, I pointed out that in
America every reporter, radio com-
mentator or lecturer who was in

Germany at the time of Hess' flight
is asked "what about Hess? Was he
sent by Hitler?"
I also pointed out that even when
we presented our circumstantial evi-'
dence of Hitler's lack of knowledge of
his deputy's plan, most persons
listened politely but were not con-
vinced. The MOI official now grew
definitely interested.
"What was that evidence?"
Since German censorship at the
time prevented my reporting that
evidence, I incorporate it here to
round out the complete picture of the
case. The belief that Hitler had noth-
ing to do with Hess' flight rested on
these considerations:
First, Hitler placed a high valueI
on the lives of his most intimate fol-
lowers and would not have permitted
Hess to go on a solo flight. He would
have sent a co-pilot along.
Second, if Hitler had not been
caught offguard, he would not have
issued the silly story that Hess had
been subject to frequent mental aber-
rations. Only a few days earlier, on
May 1, 1941. Hitler had deputed Hess
to present the highest civilian medals
at Augsburg to airplane-builder Mes-
serschmitt and people's car designer
Ferdinant Porsche.E
Also, neither Hitler nor Joseph
Goebbels would have laid themselves
open to the much-heard, sub rosa
- "If the second man in the Reich
has been crazy all this time and we
didn't know it, what about our top
Third, Hitler's treatment of the
Hess case from the party standpoint
indicated that his deputy had acted
without his knowledge and approval.
Hitler ordered Hess' name "Ausgel-
oescht"-wiped out-'--rom the party
records and forbade all mention of
him thereafter in the press or radio.
Such treatment was accorded only
one other top Nazi, Ernst Roehm, aft-

er the notorious purge of June 30,
Other high Nazis at times failed
in missions, were disavowed by Hit-
ler and sometimes were demoted but
their party membership remained un-
questioned and they continued to be
regarded as loyal Nazis. Not so Hess
and Roehm.
At that point, the Ministry of In-
formation officer now changed tack.
Your deductions are absolutely
right," he told me, "From all Hess
said and revealed our government is
firmly convinced that the deputy
fuehrer came without Hitler's know-
ledge and approval. Any other con-
jecture is excluded."
To make doubly sure, he called
the Whitehall Foreign Office which
1 confirmed this point. What seemed
not quite clear to the British gov-
ernnent was the question whether
Hess thought out his scheme by him-
self or whether others in Germany
were behind it.
On this point, it should be noted
that Hess never showed great mental
capacity in Germany but was regard-
ed merely as Hitler's most faithful
personal aide who stolidly carried out
orders but never gave evidence of
originating constructive ideas.
On the other hand it was known
that Hess had an affection for and
faith in Von Haushofer amounting
almost to the worshipful. Von Haus-

hofer was an able military and poli-
tico-economic scientist who knew how
Germany's score stood and in talks
with friends opined that Germany
could not afford to take on a two-
front major conflict.
Through Hess, who was a member
of Hitler's Secret War Council, he
must have known the attack on
Russia 'was only five weeks off, for
even we foreign correspondents knew
it. Hess' six-point proposal as dis-
closed by Eden seemed to us station-
ed in Germany to bear the earmarks
of Von Saushofer ideology and at-
tempts to save Germany from cer-
tain disaster.
Another man in the know regard-I
ing at least Germany's air position
was Messerschmitt, a. crony of both
Van Haushofer and Hess.
Messerschmitt at the time was re-
ported reliably as warning that Ger-
many had not sufficient air poten-
tiality to fight east, west and south.
He therefore was amenable to Hess'
or Van Haushofer's suggestion that
lie furnish the deputy fuehrer with
a crack plane.
As the head of his plant he was
able to notify all antiaircraft posts
and air patrols that a test pilot-
meaning Hess-in a new Messersch-
mitt-110 was about to fly over the
Reich's boundaries. This would ex-
plain why Hess could leave Germany
without interference.

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