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January 11, 1945 - Image 4

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The Michigan Daily, 1945-01-11

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Byrnes at Odds with FDR

T he Pendulum


WASHINGTON Jan. 11-Not many outside
the White House realize it, but there is little
love lost between the President of the United
States and his assistant president, ex-justice
Jimmy Byrnes. In fact, most of the recent rec-
ommendations which Byrnes made to Congress
for tightening up the war were made without
consulting F. D. R. Byrnes not only made these
recommendations on his own, but announced the
fact in a press conference.
Furthermore Byrnes flouted one of the stand-
ing rules laid down by the White House in this
and other administrations, not to issue policy
recommendations affecting other departments
without consulting the departments involved.
In his recommendations to Congress, the
popular South Carolina jurist abruptly threw
all this to the winds. He talked about taxes
without even a whisper of consultation with
Secretary of Treasury Morgenthau, the man who
has to handle taxes.
He let loose on labor strikes without a word
to Chairman of the War Labor Board Will
Davis, the man who has to handle strikes.
He even made a crack indirectly against Davis
about handling the Petrillos in the same
way as the Averys, despite the fact that
Byrnes himself had advised Davis not to crack
down on Petrillo when the Musicians' Union
chief got out of bounds.
The result is Morgenthau is irked, Will Davis
is irked, and most of all the President is irked.
Roosevelt's Hands Tied . ..
IIOWEVER, there isn't much the President
can do about it. He persuaded Byrnes to
remain on the job as War Mobilizer after the
National Democratic Convention in Chicago
when Jimmy's feelings were hurt over the vice-
presidential turn-down. He also went oer
Byrnes' head to pick Stettinius as Secretary of
State when Jimmy thought he was going to get
the No. 1 cabinet post.
So Jimmy, being one of the shrewdest men in
Washington, knows F. D. R. can't fire him, and
it looks as though he was going to throw his
weight around.
Almost every observer who watches Wash-
ington work feels it is an excellent thing to have
a No. 2 man around the White House to handle
domestic problems-provided he is pulling to-
gether with the President. The President, con-
centrating on the war and foreign relations,
now as never before needs such an admini-
Byrnes is able, astute, incluential. The trou-
ble is, however, cabinet members are not quite
sure at the moment whether Byrnes, when he
makes certain moves, is really representing the
President. Also, relations between Byrnes and
Harry Hopkins are not too good beneath the sur-
face; so with F. D. R. frequently away or tied up
with the war, it is harder to get coordinated deci-
sions than at almost any time 'in years.
Note-One thing which hasn't helped the
Roosevelt-Byrnes relations is the suspicion
that Jimmy originated the "clear it with Sid-
ney" slogan which caused so much damage
during the campaign. When Jimmy aspired to
be his vice-presidential running-irate F. D. R.
was reported to have told him to get the OK
of Sidney Hillman. Any leak from Byrnes
about this probably was inadvertent, but his
close friend Bernard Baruck has been given
credit for helping put the story into wide
Under the Dome...
JOOKS LIKE SOME of the dictatorial tactics
previously attributed to Democrats were
spreading to the other side of the aisle. Repub-
lican Leader Joe Martin cracked down on two
GOP Congressmen, Clare Booth Luce of Con-
necticut and Christian Herter of Massachu-
setts, when they refused to vote for a new Dies
Committee. He punished; them by refusing
coveted places on the House Foreign Affairs
Committee.... GOP National Chairman Herb-
ert Brownell believes that the Republican Party
should steer its own course and not tie up with
the Southern Democrats. But Joe Martin does-
n't agree. . . . Justice Leif Erickson will resign
from the Supreme Court of Montana soon to
enter the Navy. Erickson will run against Sen-
ator Burt Wheeler in the Democratic primaries
in 1946. . . . To improve partiamentary rela-
tions, Congressman Kefauver of Tennessee,
George Outland of California and Charles La

Follette of Indiana, three live wires, are en route
to England to revive the old inter-parliamentary
union; The French Chamber of Deputies will
be in on the meeting.
Persuading Nazi Prisoners ...
RECENTLY the Army's shrewd psychological
warfare branch installed sound equipment
at the edge of a Nazi-held port behind the Allied
lines in France and offered the Germans a novel
"trial surrender."
The message broadcast to the Germans went
something like this:
"Try it out for three days. If you don't enjoy
being a prisoner with us, you can return to
your units."
As a result of the offer, eight Nazis surrend-
ered. At the end of the three days, four agreed
to stay; the other four asked to go back. The
Army let them go. To their surprise, how-
ever, the four came back a few hours later
bringing more than fifty of their tired Nazi
comrades to join them in the comparatively
luxurious prison camp surroundings.
Note-One constant complaint of the French

civilian population is we are treating Nazi pris-
oners better than we are the peoples of the
How To Become a Diplomat...
EDDIE JAFFE, the publicity man, receiveda
call recently from a millionaire client whose
chief ambition that day was to get a post in the
State Department.
Eddie listened to his request and then grunted,
"Hopeless-forget it."
"Hopeless?" asked the millionaire. "Why?"
"You didn't contribute money to Dewey or
work against the fourth term," said Jaffe. "To
get into the new State Department, that's
what it takes!"
(Copyright, 1945, by the Bell Syndicate, Tnc.
Perf ectioni[sm
NEW YOR K, Jan. 10-The perfectionist would
like to see us "end power politics," even if
we have to impose our will on other nations, and
use our power against them, to do so. He some-
times says, innocently, that the United States
is too big and mighty a country to have to
stand for power politics.
The perfectionist believes that we ought to
call on Britain and Russia, and bang our fists
on their desks, and remind them of how strong
we are, and that by that method we can per-
suade these countries that no one country can
have its own way.
The perfectionist believes in friendship and
accord among the great nations. But he is
disturbed because President Roosevelt -is so
friendly with the other great nations, and
gives signs of understanding their problems,
and shows reluctance to oppose them, in their
quests for friends and security. The perfec-
tionist does not see how we can hope to build
a real internationalaccord, unless we begin
to stand up against the other countries.
The perfectionist does not trust Churchill, be-
cause he regards him as wedded to the last
century, and he does not trust Stalin, because
he regards him as too far to the left, and he
does not trust Roosevelt because he re-
gards him as having drifted too far to the
right, judging from his -recent State Department
appointments. In some of his judgments, the
perfectionist may be correct. But he does not
believe that these national differences are real,
or that they are based on genuine national
needs for security and friends. He regards these
differences as instances of perversity, and he
would like all the other great powers to lay aside
their doubts and ambitions, at his say-so, be-
cause he knows himself to be a moral man. He
considers this attitude of his to be truly inter-
THE PERFECTIONIST is in favor of inter-
national agreement. But he is suspicious
of treaties between Britain and Russia, Russia
and Czechoslovakia, Russia and France, or any
talk of a treaty between Britain and France.
This is the one field in which it is not admitted
that a little progress is better than none.
The perfectionist wants all the nations of
the world to agree to one treaty, and he will
not settle for less, even during a transition
period. Having set up this great goal, and
it is a great goal, he clings to it stubbornly,
and considers himself to be the world's only
internationalist for doing so. He considers
the other countries to be acting unilaterally,
even when they make a treaty; and he con-
siders himself the only multilateral advocate
alive, even when he stands by himself.
The perfectionist believes that if we can only
find the right gadget, world politics will come
to an end forever. He believes that there will
be no ,politics after 1945, if 1945 produces a
world organization. He believes in a flat future,
no hills or valleys. He is a terminal thinker.
He does not believe in change. He believes only
in transformation, and he is not interested in
less. He uses the United States as an example
of successful organization of many States into
one. But he glosses over the point that the
United States, though it is indeed a great exam-
ple of organization, has been the scene of bitter
political battles ever since it was organized.
The perfectionist is morally right, and we

could not do without him. But he does not guard
himself sufficiently against the old logical fal-
lacy which might be described as jumping out
of the window to prove one is in favor of
fresh air.
He reveals this weakness by his willingness
to provoke quarrels among the allies, in war-
time, in his pursuit of the ultimate, the one-
and only, accord.
(Copyright, 1945, New York Post Syndicate)
On Second Thought. . ..
DEAN BUNTING is hunting for women dental
students, which should eventually make it
much more pleasant to have work done on the
There would almost be attraction in extrac-
On second thought, it would be horrible to
be placed in a position where you couldn't talk

A GOODLY PORTION of the Right'
is devoting itself to such subject
matter as: The coming war with
Russia. One clergyman in Detroit
discoursed recently on this very top-
ic. Reverend J. Frank' Norris, for it
is of him I speak, knows something
about warfare in general. He helped
start a small-scale battle in Detroit
two summers ago-or so sociologists,
Humphrey and Lee inform us in the!
handbook "Race Riot." Evidently
that was kid stuff. Only some thirty
odd Negroes were killed then along
with numerous white hoodlums. The
real butchering, it seems, will occur
between our allies after we have dis-
posed of the aggressors abroad and
the minorities at home.
This may seem rather remote to l
you. But, the tom-toms have been
beaten for it until they (along with
international cooperation) are on
the point of collapsing. Disunity
based upon misapprehension is ev-
erywhere to be observed.-
If you do not think Norris a good
example, why, subscribe for awhile
to Gerald IL. K. Smith's stimulat-
ing paper "The Cross and the
Flag." Unlike his friend, Mr.
Smith was defrocked,-but for
spiritual content and religious fer-
vor he can really outdo anyone.
Or dig up a back issue of "Social
Justice," that sheet the govern-
ment declared seditious without
indicting the man who inspired it
See if "Social Justice" does not
make you tingle with divine ecstasy '
over the prospect of fighting those
bloody Russians.
Down in the lower brackets of pro-
fessional evangelism an even more

pronounced Russo-phobia may be
detected. One quotation from the1
Bible and another from the "Devil's
Handbook" resound incongruously
through the halls as Smith or a pro-
totype thereof quietly enjoins Amer-
ica to go mad. A 1944 edition of
Elmer Gantry sees him railing less
against demon rum and more against
the Kremlin. Hootch is bad, but
Stalin is worse. Let's joint hands
and get out the vigilantes. After all,
this country needs a militant Christ-
ian front to fight the "Franco way"
and combat Christianity. We could
revive the Black Legion or maybe'
have George Deatherage released
from prison.
Smith, who filtered in from Louis-
iana after his hero Huey Long passed
away with some assistance, predicts'
the America First candidate for the
Presidency will win after World War
II comes to an end-so that one
supposes we can consolidate our for-
ces for the "drang nach osten" which
is to follow. Conditions could well be
ripe for the kind of ignoramus whom
Smith would put up in the name of
America and God. He may seem like
a buffoon now, especially in view of
the recent election. But Hitler looked
like a buffoon when the Beer Hall
Putsch failed.
Wouldn't it be just peachy if some
anti-Soviet brass hat like General
Patton or General Wood became
chief executive of this nation? It
seems ridiculous at the moment.
However, if Roosevelt had not been,
elected in 1932 we would probably
be blessed with the administration i
of a fascist today.
The proneness to incite ill will
against Russia is no special pre-

serve of misguided clergymen.
Hearst, as of now, blasts Russia, or
anyone whom he thinks may once
have drunk vodka, with all the
vitality of his youth. He contribu-
ted handsomely to the manufac-
turing of one war and would do it
again if he could. Every red-bait-
ing column in his newspapers is a
call to arms against the country,
that more than any other has
saved civilization.
Nor is he alone. Far over on the
other side of the political fence some
socialists, if you please, who profess
to hate war, are actually engaged in
fomenting it. Mr. Villard, harping
on the Russo-Polish land disput to
the complete discredit of Rug:sia.
says in effect, "Horrors no, I do not
want war." Just distrust Russia, re-
fuse to work with her, cavil over
boundaries, accuse the Soviet of ex-
pansionist desires, etc.. but my good-
ness don't expect war." War we shall
have if this groundswell of distrust
ever erupts as official policy. The
State Department is not altogether
unreceptive to it. Former Under-
secretary of State.Adolph Berle, soon
to be Argentine Ambassador, is on
record in favor of a "cordain sani-
taire"-a group of states adjacent
to Russia acting as buffers against
that country.
I am not arguing the merits or
demerits of the USSR. My feeling
in fact is that the Great Experi-
ment has failed in many important
ways. But so much I know: if we
alienate the major continental
power of Europe, whose heart
lands are crucial in the balane of
world power, there will be no peace
on this earth in our time.



(Continued from Page 2)
huss. Report on Special Services-
Dean C. S. Yoakum. Statement
About the Library-Director W. G.
Rice. Memorandum from the Inter-

impossible to have them i*ady by
Jan. 15, but the Payroll Department
will gladly give any individual the
figures his or her receipt will contain
when finally prepared. The deadline
for having these completed forms in
PmnnrrPC'hnnd is JTn '1 1945 it

Curriculum are due Jan. 20. Re-
port blanks will be furnished by cam-
pus mail and are to be returned to
Dean Crawford's Office, Room 255,
W. Eng. Bldg.

epioyees nana s span. ., ii uL
national Center-Dr. E. M. Gale.,I Attention Engineering Faculty:
Subjects Offered by Members of the it is anticipated that those for Un- Ten-week reports below C of all
Council. Reports of Standing Com- versity employes will be sent to them Navy and Marine students who are
mittees: a few days earlier. H . Wagner not in the Prescribed Curriculum;
Educational Policies-W. C. Olson; also for those in Term 5 in the Pre-
Student Relations-C. H. Stocking State of Michigan Civil Service scribed Curriculum are to be turned
(Four Reports) ; Public Relations- Announcements for Child Guidance in to Dean Emmons' Office, Room
K. K. Landes; Plant and Equipment Psychologist 11, $230 to $270 a month, 259, W. Eng. Bldg., not later than
-J. H. Cissel. Bacteriologist 1, $180 to $220 per Jan. 20. Report cards may be ob-
Louis A. Hopkins, Secretary month, Dockman B, $125 to $145 per tained from your departmental of-
month, Social Worker A2, $165 to fice.
The following resolution was adop- $185 per month, Laboratory Guard A,
ted by the Regents at their meeting $150 to $170 per month, Liquor Store
on Dec. 29, 1944, and is now in force: Manager Al, and 1, $180 to $220 per thte Dep larment minar meetin of
Resolved, That it is expressly for- month, Vocational Education Fore- Metallurgical Engineering today at
bidden hereafter that any University manship Conference Leader IV, $360 4 p.m. in Rm. 3201, East Engineering
department or official shall either to $420 per month, Vocational Visual. Building, Mr. L. E. Brownell will
directly or indirectly approach an Education Consultant IV, $360 to speak on "Electric Strain Gauges;"
employee of any other department $420 per month, Prison Psychiatrist followed by Mr. D. V. Doane on the
with inducements or suggestions the V, $440 to $550 per month, Indu- subject "Stresses in Surface Hard-
natural result of which would be to strial Hygiene Engineer II,. $230 to ened 'Steels." Anyone interested is
cause such approached employee to $270 per month, and Industrial Hy- I cordially invited to attend.
desire transfer or to become dissatis- giene Engineer III, $280 to $340 per
fled with his or her present position. month, have been received in our
In all cases where the transfer of an office. For further information stop Seniors in Aeronautical, Electrical,
employee is desired, the official de- in at 201 Mason Hall, Bureau of Ap- f Mechanical, and Structural Engi-
siring the transfer should first con- pointments. neering: A representative of the Bu-
s lt the head of the department in ,'eau of Aeronautics, Washington, D.


which the employee is currently serv-I
ing, or, in cases of clerical positions,
the Office Personnel Committee.
Nothing herein shall be held to,
modify the By-laws Sec. 3.06 with
respect to the duties and powers of
the Office Personnel Committee. I
Mail is being held at the University
Business Office for the following
people: Arehart, Ethel; Bradley,
Sarah Grace; Butcher, Charles;
Cetschman, George F. J.; Chrest, Dr.'
and Mrs. Clarence P.; Crunigan, Dr.
A. J.; Cuttrell, June; Franke, Wesley
C.; Forrest, Marguerite P.; Giller,
Bea; Girvin, Donald, Jr.; Gligeroff,
Thomas G.; Gould, Georgia; Hamil,
Margaret; Hayase, Tom; Hollinger,
Daniel; Krug, Mrs. Joe; Leiberman,
Carol; McCloskey, Dr. Mark A.; Max-
well, Katherine; Milton, Charles;
Myers, Dr. Muriel; Niervin, George;
Ohberg, G. E.; Parre, Mrs. Jerry;
Porter, Susan; Prescott, F. H.; Pur-
cell, Bernard; Rich, Townsend; Rich-
ardson, Steve; Rigg, Betty; Rimmer,
Mrs. William; Robinson, . R. Jr.;
Sieben, Glen; Seigler, Violet; Stumpf,
Caroline Y.; Sister Sylvia; Thorn-
ton, Dr. O. R.; Troeschels, Dr.;
Truesdale, Mrs. Beverly; Professor
and Mrs. Robert VanSickle; Vonn
Toon, Miss Bobby Ray; Walcott,
Gloria: Wurdock, Beatrice.
Withholding Receipts for 1944
Income Tax: Numerous requests have
been received by the Business Office
for withholding receipts showing
total wages paid and total income
tax withheld (Form W-2) from indi-
viduals desiring to make final income
I tax returns by Jan. 15, 1945. The
work involved in preparing several
thousand of these receipts renders it
By Crockett Johnson

United States Civil Service an-
nouncement for Laboratory Mechan-
ics, salary $1,752 to $3,828, has been
received in our office, 201 Mason
Hall, Bureau of Appointments.
i . {
The United States Civil Service1
Commission gives notice that Jan. 22,1
1945, will be the closing date for ac-I
ceptance of applications for the fol-
lowing examinations. Astronomer,
$2,433, Chemist, $2,433, Chemist Aide,
$2,190, Meteorologist, $2,433, Pharma-
cologist, $3,163 to $5,228, Toxicologist,
$3,163 to $5,228, and Physicist,!
$2,433 to $6,228. Applications mustI
be filed with the United States Civil{
Service Commission, Washington 25,
p.C., not later than that date. For
further information stop in at 201
Mason Hall, Bureau of Appoint-
City of Detroit Civil Service An- I
nouncements for Technical Aid
(Male & Female) (Business Admin-
istration) (General), Medical Sci-
ence),salary $37.54 to $38.81 for 40
hour week, and $48.80 to $50.45 for
48 hour week, and Jr. Engineering
Aid (Male & Female), salary $42.54
to $44.00 for 40 hour week, $55.30 to'
$57.20 for 48 hour week, have been'
received in our office. For further !
information, stop in at 201 Mason
Hall. Bureau of Appointments.
Admission to School of Business
Administration Spring Term: Appli-
cations should be submitted prior to
Jan. 15. Application blanks available
in Rm. 108 Tappan Hall.
Mme. Wei, wife of China's ambas-
sador to the United States, will speak
this evening at 8:30 in Hill Auditor-
ium on "China After the War." Mme.
Wei is presented by the Oratorical
Asnciatinn as the fifth number on

C., will interview seniors graduating
in February and June, on Thursday,
Jan. 11, for positions of P-1 trainee
engineers. Interviews will be held
in Room B-47 East Engineering
Building. Interested men will please
sign the interview schedule posted on
the Aeronautical Engineering Bulle-
tin Board, near Room B-47 East En-
gineering Building.
Events Today
The Geomet-y Seminar will meet
today in Rm. 3001 Angell Hall at
4:15. Mr. Leisenring will speak on
"Non-Euclidean Polygons." Tea at
A.S.M.E. Student Branch Members:
There will be a meeting tonight at
7:30 at the Michigan Union. Profes-
sor A. F. Sherzer will show his col-
ored movies of the Eastern Arctic
Region. Membership pins and cards
will be distributed to new members
and there will be election of officers.
Engineers and Faculty invited to the
movies at 8 p.m.
The Regular Thursday Evening
Concert will be held at 7:45 p.m. in
Men's Lounge of the Rackham Build-
ing. An all Tschaikovsky will be
featured including the Romeo and
Juliet Overture, Piano Concerto No.
1, and Symphony No. 6. All graduate
students and servicemen are invited
to attend.
La Sociedad Hispanica will hold an
important business meeting tonight
at 8 in the Michigan Union. Tickets
for the lecture series which will be-
gin next week, will be distributed to
members. A program of Latin-Amer-
ican songs will follow the business
Coming Events


I doubt if Gnomes[As I was saying, the thieves
carried off those phoned me, believing I know

Of course, I called the police
3 I at once. And we're laying a

That private detective has
a badge exactly like one

I 1 t gn-,h,


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