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Bad Warehousing Wastage
£tier to the 6kor
By DREW PEARSON
WASHINGTON, Jan. 9-One of the little real-
ized tragedies about the food situation is the
wastage from bad warehousing and from storing
it too long.,
The situation has been so bad-and has been
so completely ignored by_ top War Food Admini-
stration officials that two important men have
resigned. They are: Andy Current, veteran
warehouseman, who came here in 1941 to set
up a warehousing system, for foods; and J. E.
Salisbury, an expert on the shipping of food.
They quit War Food Administration because they
considered its purchasing and storage methods
impossible. New head. of the section is Eldon
Richardson, whose storage experience was gained
with Lever Brothers, soap and shortening manu-
Another reason Current and Salisbury quit
was because WFA was ignoring their ominous
reports concerning "overage" foods, showing
huge stocks of food rotting away in warehouses
while newer foods were moved out.
Lieut. Col. George Olmstead told. the Mead
Committee in February, 1944, WFA had only
380,873 pounds of 1941 food in storage at that
time. However, when the warehousing division
of war foods checked into only 10 per cent of
the WFA warehouses, they found more than
8,000,000 pounds of 1941 food.
But what has conscientious WFA officials
biting their nails is although most food is con-
sidered overage at from five months to a year,
a lot of it doesn't move out of WFA warehouses
until after that period. As a result overage
stocks now in storage are reported as around
300,000,000 pounds. The Mead Committee has
been investigating food on hand since 1941, but
has passed up the fact it doesn't take four years
to spoil some kinds of food and a great deal of
food stored in 1943 is now classed as "average,"
Exit Dried Eggs .. .
Last month a WFA agent in Oregon threw
2,300 pounds of dried egg powder off a dock
into the sea. It had been sitting in a ware-
house for two years-about 18 months longer
than necessary for dried egg powder to spoil
and begin to smell. The hapless agent,' who
thought he was doing the agency a favor, got
a terrific dressing down-because WFA offi-
cials were "working on a deal" to sell the
powder for animal feed. It could be used
for animal feed, but that was all.
Part of the wastage undoubtedly is
the natural wastage of war and may
avoidable. But in addition. war food,
have failed to make inspections and
reject a lot of poor quality food.
In many cases, the government bought mil-
lions of pounds of eggs, paying good prices
simply on presentation of a shipping receipts.
The warehousers who had agreed to store these
eggs until WFA could get.them to drying plants
immediately began to howl.
The odor of a few rotten eggs can contaminate
all the eggs in a warehouse-including those
stored for private concerns as well as WFA. So
the storage people began writing WFA urg-
ing disposal of "these putrid eggs." For in-
stance, the Rainier Fruit Co., of Yakima, Wash.,
wrote that, "practically all the cases in its
shipment contained maggots and cockroaches."
The New Haven, Conn., Cold Storage Com-
pany reported it had received a shipment of
eggs which had been without refrigeration for
from four to six weeks. One company reported
receipt of a car of colored Easter eggs more
than a month after the holiday, another com-
pany reported receipt of a shipment of putrid
duck's eggs and there were constant complaints
of inadequate shipping containers. Some cases
were made of fibre which frequently collapsed
when a second case was piled on top.
Warehouser James Ronin of Albany, New
York, wrote Andrew Current, WFA warehouse-
man now resigned: "These eggs are coming in
in lousy condition and the smell from some of
them in the box cars (eggs should be shipped
only in refrigerator cars) would almost knock
you off your feet."
The result is storage companies, though anx-
ious to aid in the WFA egg-drying program,
can't contaminate other food in their plants,
so many have simply refused to accept ship-
ments from WFA.
In eastern Maryland recently 150,000 cases
of canned tomatoes went bad after being kept
too long. In New Bedford, Mass., 200,000 cases
of pork and beans were going bad in the Stokely
Warehouse, but most of the lot was lost when
the New England hurricane hit last fall.
On the whole, Judge Marvin Jones and his
War Food Administration aids have done a good
job with food production, but warehousing looks
like a weak point in their setup.
Steve Early Protects Press...
It's not known outside the White House, but
Steve Early threatened to resign last month in
a friendly but firm disagreement with the Presi-
dent over two newspapermen.
When the President returned from his Geor-
gia vacation one of the first things he did was
call in Early and propose that the press creden-
tials of Patterson-McCormick columnists John
O'Donnell and Frank Waldrop be taken up.
"I don't want them at my press conferences any
more," Roosevelt told Early.
"But every paper in the country will be hol-
lering about freedom of the press if you do
that," Early replied.
The President told Early it was not a case of
freedom, that the same papers could assign
other men to the White House. He has long
suffered from the vicious pens of these two
whose isolationist anti.British, anti-Russian
pens furnish many quotes for the Axis radio.
Early then said he would do as the President
asked-but that if he did so he would then
resign as press secretary. And he could not
be talked out of it. So President Roosevelt
yielded to the judgment of the man who has
guided his press relations for 12 long years.
He wanted Steve around the White House more
than he wanted O'Donnell and Waldrop
Noe-The President once bestowed a Ger-
man Iron Cross on O'Donnell.
(Copyright, 1945, by the Bell Syndicate, Tnc)
I'D RA THER BE RIGHT:
By SAMUEL GRAFTON
NEW YORK, Jan. 9-Continuing my exhorta-
tion to the Republicans, I should like to
point out that the G. O. P. cannot play both
ends against the middle in the new Congress
without confusing itself and everybody who
watches it. It cannot, for example, recover its
historic role as the spokesman for the Negroes
and other racial minorities, and at the same
time join with Representative Rankin of Mississ-
ippi, as it did on Wednesday last, to set up a new
Dies Committee. Mr. Rankin is not often re-
garded as friend of America's minority groups.
For the Republicans to work with him, while
declaring themselves the champions of the op-
pressed, is a confusing piece of business.
You do not win the voter's confidence by
making him feel that there are spots before
Another area of possible confusion in Repub-
lican policy lies in its attitude toward the place
of Congress in making the peace. The G. O. P.
is firmly sof the mind that Mr. Roosevelt must
not make a "personal peace," that Congress must
be consulted, etc.
But the party committed itself last summer
to a platform which demands that all treaties'
must be ratified by the Senate" Provided that
two-thirds of the Senators present concur." The
words are taken from the Constitution, but this
Constitutional clause makes it extremely diffi-
cult for Congress to play a constructive part in
shaping our foreign policy. The requirement
that two-thirds of the Senate must agree on
every treaty is, in fact, one of our greatest Con-
stitutional failures. It was adopted by the Fath-
ers on the theory that two-thirds of the Senate
is better than a majority, but its practical effect
has been to make one-third-plus-one better than
The clause has actually led us to violate the
Constitution at times; we annexed Texas,
for example, by joint majority resolution of
both Houses, instead of by treaty, because it
was clear that two-thirds of the Senate
would not consent. When it is necessary to
break the law to let the will of the people
prevail, it is time to change the law.
4 CONSTITUTIONAL amendment has been
proposed, providing for ratification of treat-
ies by simple majorities of both Houses, instead
of by two-thirds of the Senate. This would
allow Congress to play a great part in shaping
the peace. But the G. O. P., which wants Con-
gress to play a great part, clings to an absolute
rule which prevents Congress from playing any
intelligent part. It demands that Congress act
freely, and it demands that Congress wear
The two-thirds rule was gratuitously in-
setted into the Republican platform as a
cryptic message to isolationists, a kind of
love letter in code, and the isolationists are
ready to read it in court in case they have to
sue the G. O. P. for breach of promise. I
spoke to Wendell Willkie about it by tele-
phone, the night the pledge was adopted in
Chicago, and I shall never forget his heart-
break over it.
If the G. O. P. wants a clear record as the
champion of Congress, it must denounce its
pledge, and come out for an amendment making
ratification easier. Otherwise it is backing and
filling again making the voter's eyes swing from
side to side in wild dismay.
There are other wobbles in Republican policy.
One is a tendency on the part of some Republi-
can leaders to insist on only the purest forms of
international accord; either the Atlantic Charter
to the letter, or nothing; and the public gets the
impression, from some of their previous atti-
tudes toward the Atlantic Charter, that maybe
they want nothing. These indirections must be
It was sufficiently demonstrated in 1944 that
a political party which tries to make use of
both sides of almost every arguments ends up,
because of some mysterious law of democracy,3
with a minority of the vote.
(Copyright, 1945, New York Post Syndicate)
Post-War Germany willing to take this risk, since he be-
lieves that, deep-down, the Germans
R. RAY SHINN in his editorial are good, and that this goodness will
"What is Post-War Status of affect their country's conduct, if they
Germany To Be?" repeats the same are given an "all-is-forgiven" peace.
statements he made in his previous Neither America nor her Allies seem
article on "Post-War Germany." to be willing to gamble on this issue,
,His arguments are better presented because the odds that Germany will
but they are only superficially logi- follow the straight and narrow path
cal. .Since this article seems to be a are desperately small in the light of
clarification of Mr. Shinn's ideas, Germany's notorious record of war-
and an answer to my criticisms, I making.
shall so examine it. "Germany has been one of the
Mr. Shinn says that "Germany can birthplaces and centers of social
be a leader in the co-operative democracy; she has produced men
sense" The whole problem of what who have spread those principles
to do with Germany after this war throughout the world," says the
hinges upon the question of whether author, and that may have an ele-
Germany can be cooperative, of ment of truth in it, but Germany
whether she can be, and remain, a has also produced millions of men
law-abiding member of the nations who have spread principles of vio-
of the world. Tf she can, there is no lence through the world. She has
point in suppressing her after this produced too many of these men.
war. But il she cannot be trusted, And that has to be stopped once
then 3roln.ate measures, how- and for all, if we do not want a'
ever harsh, must be taken, third-and even costlier-world rear
Mr. Shinn, who seems to believe jwith Germany.
in the ee p-down goodness of the Can't we gain if we seek to re-
ma orit - of the individuals that strain Germany in her habitual drives
compose a nation has said, in for power? Can't we gain by stop-
rather vague, general statements, ping that threat to our lives? The
rthers vgue, gera sttemns Germans might lose in the deal, but
that "to say that the Germans any the rest of the world stands to lose
more than any other people want nothing, and to gain incalculably.
war, want to oppress others, want "What lives have been lost are
to kill their fellow men is essen- lost forever." Yes, alas, they are
tially silly. Their roots are not in lost, they are lost forever. I know.
w ar." Essentially it might be true But I see no reason why more lives
that individual Germans do not should be lost; and all that because'
want war, and, deep-otwn, they of a foolhardy gamble-a gambile
might be jovial, hearty peoaple with that none of the victim-nations in
a glass of beer, a welcoming smile, Europe would risk.
and lovely children, all making a - s-Fay A.jzenberg, '46F,
charming family scene. But allf
these endearing traits seem to be,
according to the contemporary abor-Draft
history of our world, too deep- WITH THE NEWS of a 4-F labor
down to make any difference in draft making its perennial ap-
the actions of the Germans as a pearance in the press, one begins to
nation. wonder what the reason behind the
After seeing with our own eyes, movement to secure a work army
after reading, after hearing, after really is! We hear of many highf
feeling the actions of Germany in the sounding and patriotic excuses for
past seventy or eighty years, climax- such a plan but none of these seelip
ed by the hideous realities of the last worthy of this drastic step. As Mr.
12 years, shall we take the chance Dewey was prone to say, "Let's look
once more? Mr. Shinn might Ofe at the record."
Admittedly, arms production in the
United States has surpassed even the
wildest dreams of the most opti-
mistic. Airplane production has been
the best example of this over-pro-
duction. To be sure there are cer-
tain shortages, but I wonder if such
shortages are not due more to mis-
planning than to a labor shortage?
Most war plants in Detroit have be-
gun systematic lay-offs. Midnite
shifts are being abolished and pe'r-
sonnel is being cut in almost all in-
dustries. There is actually the be-
ginning of unemployment Contracts
are being cancelled in great number
every day. Surely such occurrences
are not the result of a need for a
In addition to inactivity in war
plants due to oversupply, the Ar-
my and Navy are both guilty of
"hogging" manpower. The cream
our our manpower lies at rest in
our college training programs and
in our Army camps throughout the
country. What are these men-
able bodied and young-doing in
school when such a need for labor
has developed that men who are
physically unfit for so-called
"tough Army routine" are to be
/drafted into war jobs? This seem-
ingly contradictory set of circum-
stances in our national war effort
makes one wonder what the real
reason behind the 4F draft might
Is it possible that our Army and
Navy chiefs are too greedy in re-
spect to their demands for more
men? Is there a lust for power
present in the heads of our supreme
Perhaps it is possible that low pay-
ing industries see a chance to con-
tinue their low paying practices if
they can get work done at $50 per
People begin to wonder why
others are not as patriotic as they
should be. The answer is that
some people think about things
that big-wigs don't expect them to.
No, I am not a 4-F!
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
® ' TUESDAY, JAN. 9; 1945
VOL. LV. No. 53
Publication in the Daily Official rut-
letin is constructive notice to all mem-
hers of the University. Notices for the
Bulletin should be sent in typewritten
form to the Assistant to the President,
1021 Angeli all, by 3:30 p. m. of the day
preceding publication (11:30 a. tn. Sat-
Student Tea: President and Mrs.
Ruthven will be at home to students
Wednesday afternoon, Jan. 10, from
4 to 6 o'clock.
Two series of lectures for food-
handlers will be given in the Audi-
torium of the W. K. Kellogg Build-
ing, Fletcher St. and N. University
Ave., on the following Clays. The lec-
tures will include slides and films.
Lecture 1, Wednesday, Jan. 10,
2:00 p. m.
Lecture II, Wednesday, Jan. 17,
2:00 p. m.
Lecture , Wednesday, Jan. 10, 8:00
Lecture IT, Wednesday, Jan. 17,
8:00 p. M.
The speakers will be John Veenstra
of the City Health Department (Jan.
10) and Melbourie Murphy of the
University Health Service (Jan. 17).
All food-handlers employed in
commercial establishments are re-
quired by City Ordinance to attend a
series in order to obtain a permanent
All persons concerned with food
service to University Students who
have not previously attended are
asked to attend one of the present
series. Other interested persons are
The United States Civil Service
Commission gives notice that Jan. 22,
1945, will be the closing date for ac-
ceptance of applications for the fol-
lowing examinations. Astronomer,
$2,433, Chemist, $2,433, Chemist Aide,
$2,190, Meteorologist, $2,433, Pharma-'
cologist, $3,163 to $5,228, Toxicologist,
$3,163 to $5,228, and Physicist,
$2,433 to $6,228. Applications must
be filed with the United States Civil
Service Commission, Washington 25,
D. C., not later than that date.
United States Civil Service an-
By Crockett Johnson
I nouncement for Laboratory Mechan-
ics, salary $1,752 to $3,828, has been
received in our office.
State of Michigan Civil Service
Announcements for hild Guidance
Psychologist 11, $230 to $270 a month,
Bacteriologist 1, $180 to $220 per
month, Dockman B, $125 to $145 per
month, Social Worker A2, $165 to
$185 per month, Laboratory Guard A,
$150 to $170 per month, Liquor Store
Manager Al, and 1, $180 to $220 per
month, Vocational Education Fore-
manship Conference Leader IV, $360
to $420 per month, Vocational Visual
Education Consultant IV, $360 to
$420 per month, Prison Psychiatrist
V, $440 to $550 per month, Indu-
strial Hygiene Engineer II, $230 to
$270 per month, and Industrial Hy-
giene Engineer I1,,$280 to $340 per
month, have been received in our
office. For further information stop
in at 201 Mason Hall, Bureau of Ap-
French Lecture: Professor Michael
Pargment of the Romance Language
Department, will give the second of
the French Lectures sponsored by
the Cercle Francais on Tuesday, Jan.
9, at 4:10 p.m. in Rm. D, Alumni
Memorial Hall. The title of the lec-
ture is: "An atole France."
Tickets for the series of lectures
may be procured from the Secretary
of the Department of Romance
Languages (Rm. 112, Romance Lang-
uage Building) or at the door at the
time of the lecture.
These lectures are open to the
general public. All servicemen are
admitted free of charge.
Doctoral Examination for Mark
Whitezel Bills, education; thesis:
"The Relative Equality of Education-
al Opportunity in Twelve Represent-
ative Michigan Counties," Tuesday,
Jan. 9, 9:30 a.m., at 4019 University
By action of the Executive Board
the Chairman may invite members of
the faculties and advanced doctoral
candidates to attend this examina-
tion, and he may grant permission to
those who for sufficient reason might
wish to be present.
Attention Engineering Faculty:
Ten-week reports on standings of all
civilian Engineering freshmen and
all Marine and Navy students in
Terms 1, 2, 3; and 4 of the Prescribed
Curriculum are due Jan. 20. Re-
port blanks will be furnished by cam-
pus mail and are to be returned to
Dean Crawford's Office, Room 255,
W. Eng. Bldg.
At the 'regular Seminar meeting of
the Department of Chemical and
Metallurgical Engineering on Thurs-
day, iJan. 11 at 4 p. m. in Rm. 3201,
East Engineering Building, Mr. L. E.
Brownell will speak on "Electric
Strain Gauges;" followed by Mr.
D. V. Doane on the subject "Stresses
in Surface Hardened Steels." Any-
one interested.is cordially invited to
Seniors in Aeronautical, Electrical,
Mechanical, and Structural Engi-
neering: A representative of the Bu-
reau of Aeronautics, Washington, D.
C., will interview seniors graduating
in February and June, on Thursday,
Jan. 11, for positions of P-1 trainee
engineers. Interviews will be held
in Room B-47 East Engineering
Building. Interested men will please
sign the interview schedule posted on
the Aeronautical Engineering Bulle-
tin Board, near Room B-47 East En-
Seniors: College of L. S. & A.;
Schools of Education, Music, and
Public Health. Tentative lists of
March graduates including candi-
dates for the Certificate in Public
Health Nursing have been posted on
the bulletin board in Room 4, U. H.
If your name does not appear, or,
if included there, it is not correctly
spelled, please notify the counter
All Graduate Students interested
in forming a graduate social organ-
ization, please see Miss Kelly in
Organ Recital: Bernard Piche,
Guest Organist, will be heard in re-
cital at 4:15 Sunday afternoon, Jan.
14, in Hill Auditorium. His program
will include music by Bach, Franck,
Gigout, Rameau, Le Begue, Vierne,
Widor, Dupre, Tournemire, and one
of his own compositions.
The general public, with the eicep-
tion of small children, is invited
At the Seminar in Special Func-
tions at 3:00 p. m., in 317 West
Engineering, Professor Rainville will
speak on "General Systems of Poly-
The Prescott Club: There will be a
short, informal meeting in Rm. 300
Chemistry at 7:15 p. m. It is
important that all members be pres-
ent. Refreshments will be served.
Sigma Rho Tau: Tonight the
Don't act dumb, Baxter.
There's a grand in it for
you if you deliver those
That was the thieves! Now
THEY think I have the furs!i
I'll pay Baxte
menage of hi
is a nisi
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A O tNOr/
arnaby! Now know