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January 05, 1945 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1945-01-05

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VOL. LV, NO. 50 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, FRIDAY, JAN. 5, 1945

PRICE FIVE CENTS

U.S.

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Third,

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E-nemy

Back

Fleet-Based
U.S. Planes
Hit Formosa
Okinawa Bombed i
Second Heavy Raid
By The Associated Press
UNITED STATES THIRD FLEET
carrier planes blasted Formosa and
Okinawa Island in Japan's south-
western front yard Wednesday (U.S.
Time) for the second straight day,
Pearl Harbor headquarters announc-
ed yesterday (Thursday), adding to
Japan's admitted fear of "daring
offensives" to come.
The communique gave no details
of the bold American naval air thrust
at Formosa and Okinawa, in the
Tyukyu chain, but Tokyo radio said
that 500 planes raided the islands the
first day and 400 hit them again
Wednesday.
Attempt at Quick Decision
The enemy radio declared that the
"daring enemy forays" were obvi-
ously intended to faciltate "a quick
decision in the Philippines" and an
attempt to "sever our air supply
routes to the Philippines."
American airmen operating from
central Philippines army fields sank
or damaged 35 Japanese war and
merchant vessels off Luzon Island
Tuesday and Wednesday (Philippine
Time), Gen. Douglas MacArthur re-
ported, for a total of 60 enemy craft
hit in thatrarea the first three days
of the year.
Nipponese Shipping Blasted
Included in the two-day total of
blasted Nipponese shipping were 25
freighters and transports hunted
down in Lingayen Gulf and Subic
Bay, aggregating 57,000 tons; a sea-
plane carrier, three escort vessels, a
coastal ship and five huggers.
American filers destroyed20 Japa-
nese planes on the ground in an-
other attack on Clark Field, north-
west of Manila. The Nipponese re-
taliated savagely with five raids Tu-
esday night on the Yank airfield on
Mindoro Island, damaging installa-
tions.
Convoy Reported
With Japan's attention entered on
the Philippines, where Gen. Douglas
MacArthur's planes sank or dam-
aged 25 Nipponese vessels off Luzon
Island's west coast Monday, Tokyo
broadcast a report that another Am-
erican convoy was heading through
the Sulu Sea, south of Luzon and
Mindoro Island. This report was
not confirmed by American sources.
India-based Superforts in medium
force, probably about 40 planes, hit
Japanese communication facilities
around Bangkok, Thailand, in a day-
light raid Tuesday, the 20th Air
Force announced.
A Chungking communique said the
Chinese inflicted heavy casualties on
the Japanese and captured much war
booty in taking Wanting, Burma Road
town on the Chinese-Burma border.
The town was taken Wednesday and
enemy remnants fled southward, with
the Chinese in pursuit. Its capture
put the entire Chinese section of the
Burma Road in Chinese hands.
CAMPUS EVENTS
Today Newman Club Party, 7:30
-9:30 p. m. in Newman
Club Rooms.
Today ICC dinner at 6:30 p. m.
at Robert Owens House.
Today International Ball at 9
p. m. in Union Ballroom.
at 4:30 p. m. in League.
Today Post-War Council films on
Russia shown at 7:30 p.m.
in Rackham Amphithea-
tre.

Today Prof. John F. Shepard to
discuss "The. Psychology
of the Fascist Mind" at
8:30 p. n. at Hillel Foun-
dation.
Today Campus election for posi-
tions on V-Ball commit-
tee and Board in Control
of Student Publications.
Today Basketball game between
Michigan and Indiana at
7:30 p. m. in Yost Field
House.
Jan. 6 Swimming meet between
Michigan and Great
Lakes at 8 p. m. in Sports
Building pool.
Jan. 6 Hockey game between
Michigan and Vickers
Athletic Club at 8 p. m.
at Coliseum.

Students

To

Fill Campus Offices at Polls
N-

AN EDITORIAL:

Campus Elections
TODAY the first all campus election of the new year is being
held. Today can mark the beginning of a reawakening by
the campus of its responsibilities as University citizens or it can
mean the continuation of the old, much deplored, lethargic
campus.
Ten responsible, energetic, and trustworthy people must be
chosen to represent the campus and to stage the University's
biggest social event of the year.
THESE ten people should have a clear mandate from the cam-
pus to go ahead and plan the dance with complete assurance
that they have support. That means more than just a handful of
students at the polls. To become reality, that means that everyI
student eligible to vote must cast his ballot today.
The race for the position on the Board in Control of Student
Publications is of equal importance. It is the responsibility of the
campus, of an interested and aware campus, to choose the man
who will best represent the interests of the students on the Board
in Control.
The Board in Control is a faculty-student-alumni unit cre-
ated by the Board of Regents to coordinate student publication
activities. The continuation of student members on the Board:
truly representing the interests of the campus is essential. A
large campus vote will be a true measure of student interest.
OVER and above the importance of the election itself stands
the goal of student interest in campus affairs. Even if the
nature of the election weren't so important, the achievement of
this goal calls for maximum student participation.
Today presents another opportunity for the students to show
their interest and awareness of the importance of democratic
participation.
DON'T FORGET TO VOTE TODAY!
--Eveyn Phillips
S/an Wallac '
Ray Dixon

Ballots for,
Ga dida tes
lO Be Cast
Board, _Y Ba1l1'posts
T o lteirmined
The first all-campus election of the
year will be held from 9 a. m. to 2
p. m. today to select a student mem-
ber of the Publications Board and
co mitteemen for the third annual
V-Ball.
Monroe Fink, Bud Brimmer, Wil-
liam McConnell and Ken Bissell have
petitioned to fill the vacant position
on the Board in Control of Student
Publications. Both Fink, a night
editor of The Daily last semester,
and Brimmer, prior to his entrance
into Law School, have had experi-
ence in working with campus publi-
cations.
In electing the committee for V-
Ball students may cast ballots only
for candidates representing the vot-
er's individual school. Students in'
the literary college may choose five
candidates, the engineers may elect
three representatives, while the Col-
lege of Architecture and Design and
the School of Business Administra-
tion will each be allotted one mem-
ber on the committees.
Polling Places
Polls have been placed in the
main corridor of University all, in
the Engine Arch, and in the Archi-
tecture Bldg. No electioneering will
be allowed within 50 feet of the vot-
ing places.
V-Ball committeemen will help to
select a ballroom for the between-
semester dance, engage an orche-
stra, provide decorations and favors,
organize ticket sales and publicity for
the dance and in general co-ordinate
arrangements for the ball.
Candidates to the committees rep-
resenting the literary college include
Dave Loewenberg, Doris Chapman,
Doris Heidgen, Paul John, John John-
son, Norma Johnson, Gene Lane, Al-
ena Loeser and Janet Main.
Engineering Candidates
Engineering students may choose
their representatives from among
Robert Dolph, William McConnell,
Dick Mixer and John Sorice. Either
Joan Wilk or Phil Marcellus will be
chosen from the College of Archi-
tecture, and Morton Scholnick, BAd
'45, is unopposed for election.
The election is directed by the
Men's Judiciary Council. The Coun-
cil has reserved the right to invali-
date any incorrectly marked ballots,
or, in the case of the V-Ball commit-
tee election, any ballots where stu-
dents have voted for representatives
from more than one school.
Returning Wounded
Figure Increases
WASHINGTON, Jan. 4-(oP)-More
than 30,000 sick and wounded sol-
diers were returned to this country
in December a 300 per cent increase
over the July figure, Major General
Norman T. Kirk reported today.
The army's surgeon general cited
this increase in announcing that it
is impossible to send all patients to
army hospitals near their homes even
though that had been the general
policy heretofore.

u{.

SEVENTY-NINTH CONGRESS CONVENES-Members of the House
of Representatives assemble in the House chamber for the opening
session of the new 79th Congress at Washington. This picture was
made during the opening prayer.
-A. P. Wrephoto

WAR AT A GLA NCE' r. E. H.,Kraus

Canadians Move
Up in Eastern
Italy Po Valley
ROME, Jan. 4 - (AP) - Canadian
troops of the Eighth Army, supported
by tanks, continued to advance in
the eastern Po Valley today after
capturing the small town of Conven-
tello in a battle with crack German
Jaeger troops.
Conventello lies two miles east of
Alfonsine a stronghold on the Raven-
na-Ferrara road which the Allies are
closing in upon.
Although the Germans brought up
Tiger and Panther tanks to oppose
the Canadian thrust through Con-
ventello northeastward toward the
town of Sant' Alberto they failed to
halt it and suffered heavy casualties.
A battle finally developed at a
point two miles past Conventello and
two miles short of Sant' Alberto when
Allied and German tanks collided.
This battle was continuing today.
The Canadians took a hundred
prisoners in capturing Conventello.
Southwest of Alfonsine other
Eighth Army forces hacked away
at the German bridgehead on the
east bank of the Senio river, gain-
ing more than 500 yards in an inch-
by-inch advance against fierce re-'
sistance.
Patrols on both sides intensified
their activities all across the Italian
front, particularly in the center in
the area of highway 65 due south of
Bologna. American artillery broke
up four sharp enemy raids in the
region of San Ansano just west of
the highway nine miles below Bol-
ogna.
Sale of Bonds
To Army Ends
With cash outlays for war bond
purchases totalling $80,883 and $2,212
respectively, the military and civil-
ian personnel of the Army units sta-
tioned at the University, closed the
local contributions to the Sixth War

Grip shoim Will "
Sail Tomorrow
Swedish Ship Carries j
Exchange Prisoners
WASHINGTON, Jan. ".-P)--The
Swedish steamer Gripsholm is ex-
pected to sail fromNew York Satur-I
day carrying out another exchange{
of sick and seriously wounded war1
prisoners with Germany.
Announcing the plan tonight, the
State and War Departments said a
number of German civilians in Unit-
ed States custody and a number
from Mexico, also will be exchanged
for United States nationals and na-
tionals of certain other American
countries.
The exchange will be carried out
through Switzerland, the repatri-
ables from each side to be delivered
there about Jan. 17 and Jan. 25, in1
separate operations.
The Gripsholm, traveling both
ways under safe conduct, will sail to,
Marseilles, France. She is expected
to bring the Americans home late in
February.
The State Department said next of
kin of American repatriates will be;
notified as soon as their identitiesI
have been established.

PARIS : U.S. First Army gains
three miles on nine-mile front; Ger-
mans check Third Army with tank
power; Seventh slows enemy drive.
PEARL HARBOR: Carrier planes
hit Jap bases in second day of attack.
LONDON: Encircled Nazi Buda-
pest garrison battles to join panzer
relief force boring in from northwest.
Byrnes' Policy
Brings Protests
From Labor
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON, Jan. 4-James F.
Byrnes' proposed new, tough man-
power policy tonight evoked a cas-
cade of protest in labor circles and
on Capitol Hill.
Union publications sharply criti-
cized the War Mobilizer's proposal
to draft 4-Fs for war jobs. Members
of House and Senate levelled their
attack on the order to screen young
farm workers again for possible mili-
tary service.
A labor contention that there is
no shortage of workers for war-sup-
porting civilian tasks collided sharply,
however, with statements of war
manpower commission officials in
various states who spoke of "serious"
and "acute" shortages.
The publication "Labor," organ of
the Railroad Brotherhoods, accused
Byrnes of acting like "a bull in a
China shop." It said a confidential
memorandum circulated in one of the
war agencies denied there is a short-
age. The AFL weekly news service
assailed methods "to dragoon man-
power.'
Senator Kilgore (D.-W. Va.) hint-
ed that he had in mind a different
approach than that adopted by Byr-
nes. He suggested as a temporary
measure that 4-Fs be put in uniform
and replace thousands of civilian
Army and Navy employes to halt
what he termed "a wasting of man-
power."
The Byrnes order for draft boards
to again cull the 364,000 farm work-
ers 18 through 25 years of age to
weed out the unneeded for a uniform
was hit in both the Senate and
House.

Will Receive
Roebling Medal
Dean To Be Awarded
Mineralogical Honor
Edward H. Kraus, dean of the
University's literary college, Ill be
awarded the Roebling medal, highest
mineralogical honor in the United
States, at a special meeting of the
Mineralogical Society of America
Feb. 20 in New York.
Dean Kraus, who is a professor of
crystallography and mineralogy, will
receive the medal "in recognition of
meritorious achievement" in those
fields. His scientific accomplishment
includes 75 technical publications,
writing of five standard texts on
various branches of mineralogy and
a record of leadership in both miner-
alogical and educational fields.
The meeting of the society will
mark its 25th anniversary. Founded
in 1916 by a group of which Dean
Kraus was a member, the society
established the Roeblin g medal
award in 1930 after suggestion by the
University faculty member. Named
for Col. W. A. Roebling, well-known
mineralogist, the medal was first
presented in 1937.
Dean Kraus, who will be the fourth
recipient of the award, received his
B.S. degree from Syracuse University
in 1896, three subsequent degrees
from the same institution and a
Ph.D. from the University of Munich
in 1901. He first became a member of
the Michigan faculty in 1896 and
was appointed dean of the literary
college in 1933.
Newly elected president of the
Mineralogical Society of America is
Prof. K. K. Landes, chairman of the
geology department, who will preside
at the New York meeting.
Stison Warns
Ardennes Loss
Undetermined
WASHINGTON, Jan. 4--(P)-Sec-
retary of War Stimson said today
that "it will be some time before an
accurate record" of Americanrlosses
in men and, materiel in the Arden-
nes battle can be established.
He told a news conference that an
accurate statement of total casual-
ties resulting from the German
breakthrough had not yet been re-
ceived from Allied Supreme Head-
quarters. His explanation was this:
"When casualties remain within
your own lines the problem is not
too difficult except during landing
operations in the dark where there is
usually great confusion as to the
whereabouts of individuals, but in
a retirement the problem is made
exceedingly difficult for the company
and regimental officers on whom the
battle depends."
In making his weekly announce-
ment on overall casualties for the
army in all theatres. Stimson ex-

Allies Near
Nazi Road
Of Supply
Ninth Army Hits
Germans in North
By The Associated Press
PARIS, Jan. 4.--U.S. First Army
armor and infantry struck through
a raging blizzard todayon a 17-mle.
front, grinding out gains up to three
and a half miles which put them
scarcely 12 miles from where the
Third Army was hammering back an
enemy onslaught led by 100 tanks.
(Berlin broadcasts said British
tanks and the U.S. Ninth Army had
joined the offensive on the north,
and the U.S. Seventh entered the
struggle from the south, indicating
Gen. Eisenhower was throwing such
powerful forces into the battle that
ie had abandoned his winter drive
into Germany.)
Three Towns Fall
American blows from north and
west brought the fall of three Bel-
gian towns and sent doughboys into
at least six others.
Diversionary enemy assaults spread-
ing from the western Saar 70 miles-
east to the Rhine were blunted after
the U.S. Seventh Army had given up
all footholds in the Reich's Palati-
nate and the enemy had penetrated
seven miles into the doughboys' nor-
thern Vosges Mountain line.
In a blinding blizzard that cut
visibility to 100 yards, Lt.-Gen.
Courtney H. Hodges' vengeance-bent
First Army scoring gains averaging
two miles, on the second day of its
offensive, was less than two miles
from Field Marshal von Rundstedt's
main northern highway of supply.
Strm Helps von Rundstedt
Lt.-Gen. George S. Patton's Third
Army was the same distance away
from the only other good all-weather
east-west highway on the south, and
only the blizzard kept von Rundstedt
from having his lateral routes
scorched by the commanding fire of
American artillery.
The attack on the northern flank,
launched without a tip-off barrage,
caught von Rundstedt where his
positions were thinnest, and front
reports only 12 hours old declared
that already the ."counter-offensive
had driven into the main enemy
defenses.
14 Miles from Patton
The drive on the lateral highway
south of Grandmenil, 20 miles north
of Bastogne, apparently was the one
which placed Hodges troops less than
14 miles from Patton's embattled
forces.
Nazis Have Plane;
Lack Good Flyers
SHAEF, Paris, Jan. 4-()-Ger-
many, despite heavy losses, has more
warplanes today than when the Al-
lies landed in Normandy, but her
pilots now are inadequately trained
because of fuel shortages and are
less to be feared than the enemy's
terrific anti-aircraft gun defenses,
high American air force officers told
correspondents today.
Bad weather, plus the fact that
there is only half as much daylight
on the Western front now as on D-
Day, prevented adequate air recon-
naissance of German preparations
for the great offensive into Belgium
and Luxembourg last month, the air
officers explained in a general re-
view of the past year.
EAS, EAM

Asked To Lay
Down Arms
ATHENS, Jan. 4.- (Al)- Gen.
Nicholas Plastiras, newly-appointed
premier of Greece, appealed today to
members of the left-wing EAM party
and the ELAS, its fighting branch,
to lay down their arms, saying his
new government should eliminate
their professed fear of dictatorship.
The appeal was Plastiras' first
public move to end the civil strife
since he accepted the premiership
from the new regent, Archbishop
Damaskinos of Athens.
Although the EAM-ELAS repre-
sentatives originally demanded a
new government as a primary point

WESTERN FRONT HARDSHIPS:
Yanks Plow Ahead in Fierce Battle

By WES GALLAGHER
EREZEE, Belgium, Jan. 4.-(I)-
Ploughing head-on into the German
army's most powerful battle posi-
tions, American troops have smashed
their way forward more than two
miles in the past two days in the
mosthappalling conditions ever seen
on the western front.
Every inch of ground being won
b) these doughboys of the First
Army, who jumped off yesterday
to squeeze Field Marshal von
Rundstedt's northern flank while

which turned the fighting in these
mountains and forests into a white
hell.
South and west of here in the
Marche area and at the western tip
of the offensive penetration, the
Germans are falling back and offer-
ing no opposition to Allied troops.
Directly south they are making.
each town and hill a strongpoint
and exact the maximum price for
its capture before falling back. The
price to Americans at times has
been high-quite high.
A1'ni- or ro - - tr% +n .rr mil

junction 15 miles southeast of here.
All present indications are that
this battle will be the bloodiest
the western front has yet seen.
It is difficult to imagine a place
more difficult in which to fight an
armored battle than this front.
Pincer Move Strikes
At German Salient
LONDON, Jan. 4-(R)-The Berlin
radio admitted tonight that the Ger-
man saieant in Belg-ium wa heina hit

I

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