T-HE MICHIGAN DAILY
a A.A s.F .,: . w,............,a rm a. 9 .as .cx x ae s
Avery Maintains Order
Detroit Workers Call Off Three Week Strike
As Army Assumes Control; Plan Full Schedule
By The Associated Press
CHICAGO, Dec. 28-President Roosevelt and Sewell Avery, Chairman
of the Board of Montgomery Ward and Company, collided headon tonight
on the issue of the Presidential powers in seizing company facilities in
The Army took over under presidential executive order in the climax
of Ward's long refusal to comply with War Labor Board directives for
employes' wage increases and maintenance of union membership.
In Seven Cities
Explorer Discovers Botanical
Gems on Table Mountain Top
Honor Celebration.. ..
Commemorating the works of Dr.
Jose Rizal, outstanding Filipino, the
Philippine-Michigan Club will hold
its annual celebration at 6:30 p. m.
tomorrow in the Women's Athletic
Reservations for the dinner which
will be followed by a program and
dancing can be made by calling
2-6034 or 2-4658.
Dr. Rizal, a physician, is consider-
ed the most outstanding figure in
Philippine history in the last 300
years. He devoted his life to the
struggle for improvement of condi-
tions on the Islands during their
domination by Spain. Opposition to
his activities forced him to leave his
homeland and exile himself in Eu-
rope where he wrote two novels that
eventually led to his execution.
To Present Paper ...
Prof. E. T. Vincent will address the
1945 Annual Meeting of the Soci-
ety pif Automotive Engineers to be
held January 8, through Jan. 12 in
the Book-Cadillac Hotel, Detroit.
Prof. Vincent will present a techni-
cal paper-"Piston Development Re-
view" before the Diesel Engine Ses-
sion, the afternoon of Jan. 12.
The meeting will be attended by
the engineers responsible for the
design and production of motoriz-
ed war equipment as well as rank-
ing military engineering officers.
Approximately 3,000 engineers will
exchange information concerning
technical requirements of motor-
ized warfare and prospects for
peacetime applications of wartime
materials and methods.
Meeting Time Changed ... .
The Unity meeting which is us-
ually held at 11 a. m. Sunday in the
League chapel will be held 'this
Sunday and throughout January at
4 p. m. in the chapel.
"We Can Prolong Christmas" will
be the topic of Marie Munro. leader,
Will Address Meeting ...
Shirley Smith, vice president of
the University, will speak at a din-
ner to be held by the University Club
of Cleveland at 6:30 p. m. Jan. 8 at
the Cleveland Athletic Club.
Vice President Smith will speak
on the University's part in the war
and the business side of the ad-
ministration under the new set up.
He will also tell of his recollections
of the previous presidents of the
University under whom he has work-
The affair which has been limited
to 125 persons because of war time
conditions will be arranged by Rex.
P. Dryer and Elizabeth Partenfelder.
County Drive Nets
Six Million Pounds
For the first eleven months of
1944, waste paper collections in
Washtenaw County totalled 6,540,000
pounds, George H. Gabler, chairman
of the local salvage committee said
Complete statistics on 1944 paper
and rag collection will be available
when yesterday's pick-up total has
been added to the eleven-month fig-
ure, he explained.
Chaplin Trial In Recess,
LOS ANGELES, Dec. 28-W)-
Trial of the Charlie Chaplin pater-
nity case was in recess today while
attorneys prepared for a quick wind-
up of evidence tomorrow and its
presentation to the jury early next
4 MONTH INTENSIVE
COLLEGE STUDENTS and GRADUATZ
A thn,.... . t enve n ti..:,. r,,e- tarSt
Avery, remaining at company
headquarters throughout the day, as-
serted the presidential order violated
the constitution and the company
could not "accept or obey." By after-
noon he and the military manager,
Maj. Gen. Joseph W. Byson, were
functioning in separate offices.
No Restraint on Avery
Army public relations officers said
no restrictions were placed on Avery's
movements but the military position
was that authority now rests with
General Byron, not Avery.
President Roosevelt in an accom-
panying statement declared Avery
guilty of "consistent and wilful de-
fiance" of WLB decisions, threaten-
ing the structure for impartial ad-
judication of disputes. He said the
government "can not and will not
tolerate any interference with war
production in this critical hour" and
that Ward's would not be allowed to
set aside government war time poli-
cies "just because Mr. Sewell Avery
does not approve of the government's
procedure for handling labor dis-
There was no physical or outward
opposition to the Army taking con-
trol in Chicago, Detroit, St. Paul,
Denver, Jamaica, N. Y., Portland,
Ore., and San ,Rafael, Calif.
Ward Head Invokes Constitution
But after a long conference with
the military manager, Maj. Gen. Jo-
seph W. Byron, Director of the Ar-
my's Special Services Division, Av-
ery issued a statement asserting that
the president's order was "a viola-
tion of the constitution," that con-
gress "has given the president no
power to seize the non-war business
of Montgomery Ward" and that:
"Ward's cannot in good citizen-
ship accept or obey the commands of
those who have no legal power to
give them and who are seeking to
deprive Ward's of its constitutional
rights and liberties."
Given For Ball
Navy trainees and women students
have been granted late permission
to attend the International Ball
which will be held from 8:30 p. m.
to 1 a. m., Friday, Jan. 5 in the
Rainbow Room of the Union.
Women will be allowed to stay out
until 1:30 a. m., while Navy men
must report to the West Quad at
Dancing to the music of Bill Lay-
ton and his orchestra, foreign stu-
dents, their American friends and
faculty will attend this all-campus
dance, proceeds of which will be de-
voted to the Emergency Relief Fund
for Foreign Students.
The Ball is semi-formal and an
internationally cosmopolitan air will
be added by the native costumes of
the foreign students.
Tickets for the dance may be ob-
tained at the International Center,
the Union and the League.
ARMY ENGINEERS REPAIR the roadbed of a rail line between San Jose and nearby San Austin short-
ly after the American invasion of Mindoro Island in the Philippines. This picture is the first received
showing Yanks on Mindoro.
MICHIGAN MEN AT WARx
By The Associated Press
NEW YORK, Dec. 24-A veritable
floral Shangri La, with botanical
specimens considered "exceedingly
important" to scientific and econo-
mic research, has been found atop
Table Mountain in South Central
Dr. Bassett Maguire, curator of the
I New York Botanical Garden, who has
just returned from Surinam (Dutch
Guiana), is believed to be the firstj
explorer to have reached this table-
land. He found no trace of civiliza-
tion on the rich mesa, no inhabit-
ants within 100 miles. Nor were
there any traces or tracks or fossils
of pre-historic animals.
Table Mountain, first seen from
the Wilhelmina Range 30 years ago,
says Maguire, has the same geologi-
cal history as Mount Roraima, in-
spiration of A. Conan Doyle's "Lost
World," and Mount Duida, another
"lost world" recently discovered,
both in. Venezuela. Table Mountain
might be called a botanical lost
l Its luxuriant vegetation is unus-
ual in that 25 per cent of all the
specimens found there are known
only to that particular plateau. Us-
ually, less than 20 per cent are native
to such an area of size considered
Maguire's exploration was con-
ducted under the joint auspices ot
the Botanical Garden, the American
Philosophical Society and the John
Simon Guggenheim Memorial Foun-
dation-one of a series of expeditions
into unexplored regions of South
The trek started from Paramaribo,
capital of Surinam. It took five
weeks to cover the 200 miles through
dense jungles to the base of the
mountain which rises to some 3,600
feet above sea level.
Maguire and his 2*1 native porters,
boatmen and other assistants faced
sheer cliffs, 1,600 to 1,800 feet high.
They reached the plateau which ex-
tends 12 miles north and south, nine
miles east-west, after a three-week
The expedition found exotic flow-
ers, plants and trees in utmost va-
riety. There is an almost inex-
haustible supply of valuable timber,
with a richness in color, ranging
from yellows and reds through green
Editor's Note: Contributions to this col-
unmn should be addressed to tihe Mili-
tary Editor, The Michigan Oaily, Stu-
dent Publications Building, 420 May-I
Sgt. WENDELL E. YOUNG, son of'
Professor and Mrs. Edward Young,f
recently completed a course in main-
tenance of the secret "electronic eye"
bombing equipment used by the
Eighth Force (England) to hit Nazi
targets when weather conditions are
not favorable for visual bombing.
Sgt. Young, whose father teaches
geodesy and surveying, has been in
England for more than three years,
having enlisted in the RAF before
this country was at ,war. Last year
he transferred to the AAF.
Before enlisting in the RAF, Sgt.I
Young studied at the University.
The fifth and sixth Oak Leaf
Clusters to the Air Medal have
been awarded Major PAUL D.
HOEPER, member of Alpha Tau
Omega while studying at the Uni-
"What Will the Big Three Con-
ference Bring" is the topic of the
fourth Hillel Fireside Discussion to
be led by Prof. Mentor Williams of
the English department 8:30 p. m.
today at the Foundation.
In his talk, to precede a general
discussion on the evening's topic,
Prof. Williams will analyze the is-
sues that may be faced at the next
"Big Three" conference, involving
Churchill, Stalin, and Roosevelt.
Prof. Williams will comment briefly
on the current Grecian and Belgian
political problems and the recent
appointments to the U. S. State De-"
When Prof. Williams last spoke at
the Foundation, he discussed the fu-
ture position of American labor,
stressing that the vast experience in
the political arena gained by organ-
ized labor during the past decade
should materially aid labor organiza-
tions in maintaining conditions fav-
orable to their constituents after the
Following the discussion, a social
hour will be held during which re-
freshments will be served. Religious
services, commencing at 7:45 p. m.,
will take place in the chapel.
versity, and now a fighter pilot
with the Eighth Air Force.
Already recipient of the Purple
Heart and the Distinguished Fly-
ing Cross with one Oak Leaf Clus-
ter, Maj. Hoeper flies a P-51 Mus-
tang as a member of the 55th
Recently promoted to the grade of
Staff Sergeant, WILLIAM G. LOW-.
ERY, son of Mr. and Mrs. J. E.
Lowery of Ann Arbor, is serving
with the 15th AAF (Italy) as a ball-
turret gunner on p B-24 Liberator
Since arriving overseas in Septem-
ber, s.-Sgt. Lowery has participated
in more than ten combat missions
against enemy oil refineries, rail in-
stallations, aircraft factories and oth-
er strategic targets throughout Eu-
rope. He holds the Air Medal "For
meritorious achievement . . . while
participating in sustained operational
activity against the enemy."
A former student at the Univer-
sity, Sgt. Lowery entered the armed
forces in February and completed
gunnery training at Harlingen, Tex.
before coming overseas.
Second Lieutenant MILTON D.
SOLOMON, a graduate of the Uni-
versity with an A. B. degree in
1941, was a member of the largest
class in the history of the San
Marcos, Tex., AAF Navigation
School of the Central Flying Taip-
ing Comand, which recently receiv-
ed wings as aerial navigators in
Lt. Don NixontIFormer Student,
Tell. Story of Jap Seas battle
RA story of heroism in a forty day
sea battle with the Japs was told in
a recent letter by a former Michigan
alumni to the Alumni Association.
In relating'the incident, Lt. Don
L. Nixon, '40, said:
"We've been going strong ever
since that noisy morning of Oct. 20.
It certainly has been a most inter-
esting forty days-and nights.
"Perhaps the most impressive ev-
ent was the terrific naval bombard-
ment given the Jap positions on
"I stood on deck. with powerful
field glasses, and watched the sort
of three dimensional show. Huge
battleships stood off and lobbed huge
shells upon Jap positions. Navy lia-
ison officers ashore would call for a
quick shelling of a newly discovered
Jap emplacement. Seconds later a
fast destroyer would dash in spew-
ing ammunition with amazing accu-
"Jap air opposition, at first, was
very slight. Later on it became more
noticeable, but never serious. At
night pyrotechnics made the sky
glow with color. During the day an
alert would send all ships' fog mak-
ing machines into instant action.
Soon the harbor would be a simply
innocent looking mass of clouds.
"At present my duty permits me
to roam quite freely in the area. I've
had the opportunity to visit several
of the neighboring villages. As you'-
ve undoubtedly read, the Filipinos
are friendly to the very generous and
sometimes gullible Americans. The
natives trade constantly for any
piece of clothing or food. The small-
framed natives appear to survive
under the most humble conditions.
Many of them wear simply burlap
bags for clothing. Their wooden
and thatched roof homes, in most
cases, are small, fragile and badly
in need of repair. However, it is the
guerilla fighters whose yet untold
stories will prove them the real
heroes of Jap occupation."
BALANCE OF WINTER GROUP...
B. H.Wragge Classics
Remaining are dresses in wools and rayon crepes,
wool jackets, velveteen suits, a few accessories.
Sizes 10 to 16.
Casual and Date-Time Drsses
LOST AND FOUND
LOST: Wdnesday night. Gold cigaret
case. Engraved initials F. T. W.
Call Frank, 7211.
LOST: Tan key case. Co-re-ga on
front. Four keys. Leave message
for Jean McKinney, 2-1017.
LOST: Set of keys, 4 keys and a min-
iature license plate. Call 2-4401.
Myron Marks. Room 307 Allen-
LEICA telescopic lens and darkroom
accessories wanted. Drop card
Maurice Wing, Grass Lake, Mich.
ATTRACTIVE APARTMENTS in
Pittsfield Village. Unfurnished
apartment homes now available.
Light airy apartments, each com-
plete with electric refrigerator, 4-
burner gas range, automatic hot
water- Pte- All pit niewir. ,., ,c4A
How to recognize
your best friend
By your pet Arrow TIe,
Your best friend's bound to
be tempted sooner or later
by your rack of swell-look-
Best way to keep him from
borrowing your Arrow Ties
Wools, wool mixtures and rayon crepes. Black,
pastels and bright colors. Misses and junior sizes.
3.98 4.98 6.98
Wide choice of styles in solid color and plaid wools,
some rayon failles and bengalines.
Teddy Bear Coats, 24.98
Cotton-backed wool alpaca pile. Fingertip toppers
in two-tone brown. Full-length coats in all white.
Popular young styles including half-hats and calots.
Black and colors.
Classic Camel Coats, 19.98
Popular classic styles in natural wool and camel's
Are !Ou, lie 4yped"?
Are you a one-style-tie man?
Do you swear by stripes? Are
solids your stand-by? Now's the
time to break that habit! See
the new Arrow Ties. They come
in patterns, stripes and solids,
and' you'l find examples in oall
three types that you like. All
Arrows are cut on the bias with
f K tr vrvin Ti ir n ir wnciat tsr i Yr tn ff ... $;3 ' Af ': 4