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December 21, 1944 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1944-12-21

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WEATHER
Cloudy and colder with
light snow.

VOL. LV, No. 43 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, THURSDAY, DEC. 21, 1944
German Attack Moves EAhad inBe

PRICE FIVE CENTS
~ium

U'ChristmasParty WAR AT A GLANCE
ristm - s artyBy flTe ssoiated Press
WESTERN FRONT - SHAEF
FY11announces that German counter-E
'1o___ e d d offensive is "the big thing" and is
nern o day increasing steadily in fury. 14 to
T 15 German divisions swarming intoj
breach in First Army's lines.
PACIFIC FRONT- Battle of
Carols, Message Will Highlight Fete Leyte rapidly "drawing to an end,"
MacArthur annaunces. Jap Yama-
To Be Held at 8 p. m. in Hill Auditorium shita line destroyed.
RUSSIAN FRONT-Reds take

ndAMY d Venlo>\.t.J
4 oeoo -GladbacIV~V
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\"aluch
9th A RM Y" o s rf .
A :HE C
LIEGE Monschau * Kesternich
pi Malmedy J
Stavelote
Heckhu'scheid
t1st ARMY ~ .
Vaanden
t chesh"
BRIER
-LUX Sour R. ,

Final arrangements have been made for the All-Campus Christmas
party sponsored by the Union Executive Council to be given at 8 p. m.
today at Hill Auditorium.
Highlights of the program will be President Alexander G. Ruthven's
annual Christmas Message and a varied selection of musical numbers.
According to Paul John, chairman, Santa Claus will also be in Ann Arbor
for the party.
Shoemaker Will MC
Art Shoemaker, A/S, USNR, will act as master of ceremonies. Shoe-
k a mapmbpr f the Navv V-12 unit at Notre Dame before being

13 more towns in advance toward
Losonc.
Britain Will
Not Impose

ma0'er was U~urvitu 1V
- -'I
Lmeyte laps'
Resistance
Squelched
By The Associated Press
GENERAL MACARTHUR'S HEAD-
QUARTERS, Philippines, Thursday,
Dec. 21-. , -The battle of Leyte
island is "rapidly drawing to an
end," Gen. Douglas MacArthur said
today, announcing the complete de-
struction of the once-powerful Japa-
nese Yamashita line on the northwest
shoulder of the island.
The enemy's "cohesion is now com-
pletely broken," the communique
said, "and he is no longer capable
of an integrated defense."
Few Japs Remain
Small remnants of the Japanese
forces have been broken into isolat-
ed groups and are able to resist only
temporarily and at isolated points.
Scattered Japanese forces are flee-
ing toward Palompon on Leyte's
northwest coast, the only< port re-
maining in enemy hands.
Destruction of the Yamashita line
in the Ormoc corridor was accom-
plished when the 77th Division, New
York's own, advanced four miles
north from Valencia, Japanese head-
-quarters whose seizure was announc-
ed Wednesday, and took a road junc-
tion at the same time the first Ca-
valry Division drove south from Lon-
oy.
Cavalry Takes Kanango
The cavalry seized Kanango and
approached to within a mile of the
77th, completing the deadly squeeze
play on the Japanese.
Gen. Douglas MacArthur reported
counting another 1,541 Japanese
dead Wednesday.
The enemy also has lost six months
supplies to the onrushing doughboys,
making his supply problem more cru-
cial.
The Japanese now are "incapable
of an integrated defense" and able
to resist only temporarily at isolated
points, the communique said.
There was no enemy ground oppo-
sition on Mindoro which American
forces reinvaded without resistance
last week.
NUEA To Hold
Detroit Meeting
The National University Extension
Association will meet in the Detroit
Rackham Building the second week
of May "to further adult education
in this country, and to transact the
association's business," Dr. Charles
A. Fisher Extension Service director
said yesterday.
Dr. Fisher, president of Extension
Association said that representatives
of the American and the Canadian
Associations for Adult Education will
join the meeting.
Additional groups requested to
send representatives include: the
National Education Association, Ad-
ult Education Division, the Associa-
tion of Urban Universities, and the
Association of Teachers Colleges.
CAMPUS EVENTS
Today Michigan Technic goes
on sale.
Today All-campus Christmas
party at 8 p. m. in Hill
Auditorium.
Dec. 22 Christmas vacation starts
nt A n m.

'transferred to the University. He will:
be in charge of the Navy Relief
Program to be presented later in the
semester.
The completed program will in-
clude community singing led by the
Women's Glee Club and the Navy
Choir. Favorite Christmas carols,
"Little Town of Bethlehem," "Hark,
the Herald Angels," "It Came Upon
a Midnight Clear," "Deck the Hall,"
"The First Noel" and "Silent Night"
will be sung by everyone. The Navy
Choir will sing the first two verses
of' "Silent Night" and will then be
joined by party guests and the Glee
Club.
Navy Band To Play
A Navy Band led by Joe Fenner,
AS, USNR, tenor saxophone player
will also be on the program. Other
members of the band are Don Ram-
bacher A-S, USNR, Skip Skillman
A-S,,USNR, Hal Jackson, A-S USNR,
and J. McKelvy A-S USNR. The
band will make its first formal ap-
pearance at the All-Campus Christ-
mas party.
Prof. Julio Del Torro, of the Ro-
mance Language department, has
made arrangements for the appear-
ance of an International Center
quartet.
The Women's Glee Club directed
by Miss Marguerite Hood, will sing
"A Shepherd Christmas Song, with
Marilyn Watt as soloist, and "Glory
to God in the Highest" with Ruth
MacNeal, Jean Gilman, and Arlene
Peugot as soloists. Beverly Sowle
will be the accompanist.
Fraternity To Usher
Alpha Phi Omega, national fra-
ternity organized to serve the com-
munity, the schools and the coun-
try, has volunteered to direct usher-
ing for the party.
The All-Campus Christmas Party
is to be given as a gift to the Uni-
versity from the Union. Dean of
Students Joseph E. Bursley and the
Student Affairs Committee has back-
ed the idea with enthusiasm. Dean
Bursley said,"This is a splendid idea
with which everyone can cooperate,"
Invitations have been sent to all
faculty members and to every officer
training group. In addition every
men's and women's residence house
has received an invitation.
Thomas E. Bliska, president of the
Union, has asked that everyone co-
operate by supporting the party with
enthusiasm and plenty of Christmas
spirit.
Percival Price, of the School of
Music, will play a Carillon concert
of Christmas carols preceding the
program. -
Soviets Predict
Nazi Sabotage
Of Peace Plons
MOSCOW, Dec. 20--1P)--The Rus-
sian army newspaper Red Star said
today that German agents were at-
tempting, "through reactionary cir-
cles in the United States and other
countries, "to block the formation of
an international peace organization
and were preparing for a third world
war.
The article also said the Germans
were seeking to stir up controversies
among the Allies over the question of
Germany's future.
"In the past few days the Hitler-
ites have pointed with unconcealed
pleasure at the activity of the isola-
tionist elements in the United States
who already have started agitation
against participation by the United
States in a worlel organization of in-
ternational security," the article
said.

G-reeff K inl
Roden
Eden Confers With FRANCEtS
~ "'~ Forbach
Commons on Policy
By The Associated Press
LONDON, Dec. 20.- ( 1l-Assuring 3rd ARMY1
the House of Commons that Britain's
bayonets would not impose a king onfNANCY
the Greeks, Foreign Secretary An-
thony Eden tonight eased political
controversy over Britain's armed in-_.
tervention after reports of differences
among the three big Allied powers ACTION ON THE WESTERN FR(
had received partial confirmation Western Front (heavy line), whet
from Prime Minister Churchill him- reported to have carried to Stave
self. U. S. First and Ninth armies ma
No Immediate Meeting River. To the south the Third fo
Eden, apparently giving up hope in the Saarlautern Area. and the S(
for an immediate meeting of the Big ----- -- ---
Three but bent on finding a method
of eliminating future misunderstand- STAFF APPOINTED:
ings, pleaded for re-establishment of
quarterly meetings "between the for-
eignHotclikiii,
eign secretaries of the great powers
as we used to have to deal with some
of these matters." Return o Sin
The House rose long after dusk
tonight in agreement that it would
adjourn tomorrow until Jan. 15. A complete staff both in business
These were the main points of and editorial work for the 'Ensian,
Eden's explanation of the Greek situ- the campus yearbook, has been ap-
ation: pointed by the Board in Control of
1. Terewas"no uesion ofStudent Publications and work has
1. There was "no question" 01a te95di'ls
Britain's armed intervention in already begun on the 1945 edition.
Greece "without consulting our al- Going into its 49th year of con-
lies." tinuous publication, the 'Ensian is
2. We could perhaps have been
censured for not having intervened Yan s Fight'n
in Athens on behalf of law and order
at an earlier date."
No Advantages Sought Near Bologna
3. Britain is "seeking nothing for
ourselves in Greece-neither strate-
gic advantage nor economic advan- Polish, Indian Troops
tage nor any other advantage of that
kind at all." MOp Up Resistance
4. "If we had not taken this action ROME, Dec.B20- P-American
there would have been mass starva- forces south of Bologna are engaged
tion all over Greece and members of in bitter fighting with German troops
Parliament would have come to the in the Tossignan area, while Polish
government and said, 'What are you and Indian troops have virtually
doing about all this?'" wiped out all enemy resistance south
5. "We are not trying to impose a of Senio river on the eastern end of
right-wing or a left-wing govern- the Italian battle front, the Allied
ment. All we wish is that the ship command reported today.
should keep an even keel." n hinh c.inna in-
A 1i t~L j l~w hi vv i d in- A

r
-
..
e
a
0
i

n Dortnund 0zisI3u
Ruh R.STATUTE MILES N azis H ui
Wave int
rWuPPertal
,ELDORF.' vi n
LOGNE
t U. S. First Army 1
BoNN .GERMANY 1
--Giessen Crack German T
By The Asso
SHAEF. Paris, Dec. 20.-The Ger
men and armor into their deepening p
FRANKFURT Army front in Belgium and Luxembou
Wiesbaden -first great assault was made by 13 t
This great force, which, it was
-MAINZsix armored divisions and eight to ni
of the same armor the Allies met at C
if not most, of the infantry divisio
Ida, woims home guard.
stAmericans Stem Onslaught
~~&brsten Ludw ssha lenhoegad
St ..1Crack American troops appeared to
MANNH 7/1be stemming the onslaught at one
LAUTERN 1point, but elsewhere the Nazi power
AARBRUCKEN Landau gathered steadily, and a late Asso-
Bundenthal\ ciated Press dispatch from the front
: 'KapsweyeR said the situation along the entire
ARLSUHE 60-mile-wide line was "both confused
Lauterbourg and serious."
Rasat' Another late dispatch from the
Stavelot sector some 20 miles inside
7th ARMYr Belgium said both the Americans and
' STRASBOURG - the Germans were paying great prices
- *KehlI Iin lives and material.
" Foul weather continued to keep
the great defensive-offensive strength
)NT-Arrows indicate action on the of the Allied air forces in check as
re a German counteroffensive was American tanks and infantry clung
lot in Belgium. To the north the to hastily-dug positions and threw
de small advances along the Roer in all the power they possessed to
ught to clear Dillengen and Roden blunt the enemy drives in some sect-
eventh took Bundenthal. ors and to hold in the breakthrough
passage elsewhere.
Yanks Recapture Monschau
Monschau, German town at the
extreme northern end of the enemy's
,.es H ead 'Ensan- assault, was recaptured by counter-
9 attacking Yank troops, who sur-
rounded and presumably seized Nazi
i iss forces who had fought into the town.
Monschau, 16 miles southeast of
Aachen, was the jump-off point for
roa short-lived American attack last
'year practice that was interrupted week. .
by experimentation with the three Front dispatches, released in de-
issue method used last year. tail through censorship for the first
time, disclosed that the main Ger-
Jean Hotchkin of Scarsdale, N.Y., man drive is being made in the re-i
was appointed Managing Editor for gion of Stavelot, a key Belgian town
the new year while Jean Pines of 20 miles from the German frontier.
Worcester, Mass., was named Bus- Previously it had been known only
iness Manager. that the drive had reached this area,
Miss Hotchkin, a Chi Omega, is a I and it had not been clear whether
junior in the literary college and has this was the scene of the principal
been active in campus life. She is a push.
member of Wyvern, junior women's Fighting Rages Around Stavelot
honorary, and of the central con- Fighting raged today in and around
mittee of JGP. Stavelot, where Lt. Gen. Courtney
A member of Sigma Delta -Tau, Hodges' doughboys, backed by anti-
Miss Pines, a junior in the literary tank guns, beat . back four ::avage
college, is associated with the Child German attacks today.
1Care project and is a member of JGP. Three times today the Germans
Following are the other appoint- hurled everything at the battered
I ments to the editorial staff and their town, striking under cover of a cling-
positions: ing fog and mist, but each time they
Harriet Pierce, Chicago, Art Edi- were flung back. Tonight the em-
f tor; Florence Hingsbury, Detroit, battled doughboys were reported
1 junior assistant; Lorelei Nierman, driving the Nazis from the town
Chicago, junior assistant; Joan street by street in bitter fighting.
Rothman, Detroit, junior assistant; Associated Press field correspond-
Ann Wallerstein, Richmond, Va., ent said the enemy offensive was be-
junior assistant; Al Srerc, Detroit, ing likened to the final do-or-die
Seditorial assistant; and William punch thrown by thenGermans in
SGliman, Birmingham, sports as- 1918, which had some initial success
sistunt. but later collapsed. An American of-
On the business staff. the foilov - hficerdeclared confidently that if
in esn 'cie tf on- the present drive is crushed the war
mg persons received staff appoint- can be won right here."
ments.

ri Second
o Battle
lard Hit in Assault;
oops Deepen Wedge
ciated Press
mans flung a second powerful wave of
aenetrations of the hard-hit U.S. First
rg today as it was disclosed that their
o 15 divisions.
said here tonight, numbered five to
ine infantry divisions, included some
Caen in Normandy last June. Many,
ons were Volks Grenadiers, Hitler's
Enemy Pa
'For Yanks'
'Heavy Loss

C
f
s
s
v

By The Associated Press
IN THE STAVELOT SECTOR,
Belgium, Dec. 20.-American troops
engaged in trying to stem the Ger-
man breakthrough are suffering a
big battle price in men and material,
but are making the enemy also pay a
fearful cost in blood and munitions
for his great western front counter-
offensive.
Attack Hurled Back
Along this sector of the front the
German advance has been stemmed
and broken and was hurled back this
morning when the Germans launched
a series of violent attacks at points
on a 20-mile front. These blows
failed in piles of broken bodies and
twisted metal
One veteran American unit knocked
out eight panther and tiger tanks
in two hours this morning. Farther
LONDON, Dec. 20.-The German
radio claimed tonight that "sev-
eral" Allied divisions had been
rushed from the Aachen and Saar
fronts to check Marshal Karl Gerd
Von Rundstedt's counteroffensive
and boasted that "according to
incomplete data, three to four
American divisions either have
been destroyed or badly mauled."
The German daily war commu-
nique claimed that 10,000 prisoners
had been taken in the Nazi coun-
teroffensive.
south, however, the German uanzer
advance was showing the profes-
sional punch the Nazis exhibited in
1940.
As various units fought their way
back to this sector through the Ger-
man lines, it was beginning' to be
possible to piece together a picture
of the early fighting.
1,200 Nazis Slain
One infantry unit returned to
American lines in bits and pieces,
but its losses were amazingly small
considering that the group claimed
to have killed 1,200 Germans. The
unit had lost much of its equpment,
except for rifles and bazookas.
Another badly-mauled American
formation, which bore the full fury
of the Nazi assault, claimed to have
stopped 60 Germans tanks in three
days. But it, too, had lost a great
deal of its artillery and motorized
equipment.
Elections Open
Sphinx Term
The addition of five new men and
Dave Loewenberg's election as Sec-
retary-Treasurer, inaugurated Sph-
inx's activities for the 1944-45 season.
Sphinx is Michigan's junior hon-
orary society and men are chosen on
a basis of outstanding campus
achievement. Those men selected
this term include Jack Hackstadt,
Walt Kell, John Mullaney, Sandy
Perlis and Herb Upton.
Loewenberg is associate sports edi-
tor of The Daily, vice-president of
Hillel and a member of Sigma Alpha
Mu fraternity. Hank Mantho re-
tained his position as president of
the organization.
Formal initiation for the five new
members is scheduled for 1 p.m.,
Dec. 30, in the Michigan Union.
ws - r. l C

Directories on Sale . ..
Sales of the Student Directory
containing names, addresses and
telephone numbers of all students
on campus will continue today and'
tomorrow, according to Jean
Pines, who is in charge of the
sales.
Directories may be purchased
from salesmen stationed on cam-
pus, at the Union, League, Student
Publications Building and at lo-
cal bookstores.

mlrercan par-s18 Wlcl s ppeu 1
to Tossignan reported that heavy
barricades had been erected in all
of the streets of the town. and that
strong Nazi patrols guarded all roads
in the vicinity.
Operations of the Polish and In-
dian troops of the Eighth Army end-
ed two weeks of stubborn fighting
by the Nazis to hold their positions
in the Senio area.
Northeast of Faenza other Britisl
Eighth Army forces made limitec
gains against a nine-mile wide Ger-
man salient bulging into Allied lines
between captured Faenza and Bag-
nacavallo.

S
3
d
s

Norma Johnson, Detroit, ac-
counts manager; Mary Lou Rook-
us, Detroit, advertising manager;
Bud Tamarkin, Youngstown, O.,
circulation manager; Betty Hen-
del, Minneapolis, Minn., sales man-
ager; and Pat Owens, Detroit, coin-
tract manager.

COL. MILLER HEADS ARMY UNITS:
Col. Young Leaves Ann Arbor for New Post

Colonel Edward H. Young, JAGD,
Commandant of the Army forces in
Ann Arbor, has been relieved of his
post here to accept an important as-
signment.overseas in the Judge Advo-
cate General's Department.
The War Department has an-
nounced that Lieutenant Colonel
Reginald C. Miller, JAGD, will suc-
ceed Col. Young both as Commandant
of the Judge Advocate General's
School and as Commandant of the
Army forces in Ann Arbor. He was
named head of the School by Major
General Myron C. Cramer, The Judge
Advocate General of the Army, and
ni~r~~nrl + +a a++cp. nctby n rm.

ber, 1942. Upon the retirement of
Colonel Frederick C. Rogers in June,
1944, he was named Commandant of
all Army units in Ann Arbor and

Professor of Military Science and
Tactics of the University.
'In leaving Ann Arbor I want to
express my appreciation to my
friends here who have been so help-
ful to me and the Army units and
I hope that they will continue the
same degree of cooperation for my
successor," Col. Young stated before
leaving here for Washington where
he will remain a few days before
proceeding overseas.
Miller Was Assistant,
The new Commandant, Col. Miller,
has been Director of the Military
Affairs Department at the School
since February, 1943. and has acted

Veterans Given
Own U, Office
At Lane Hall
The announcement that a perma-
nent office has been secured at Lane
Hall for the Veterans Organization
and a talk by Dr. Frank Huntley of
the Civil Affairs Training School
highlighted last night's meeting of
the Veterans Organization.
Speaking of our postwar treat-
ment of Japan, Dr. Huntley declared,
"We must understand the Japanese
and ourselves" for we must live in
the same world with them after the
war. The so-called "Jap traits," he
said are the result of education and
are not inherent in the race.
The great repercussion that defeat
will have on the Japanese people,
never before defeated in war, he
stated, will make Japan easy to
occupy. A great administrative ma-
chineiy is already in existence in
Japan, Huntley, who spent some time
in Japan, said. The great infiuence
of the emperor, he claimed, would

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