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But He Reaffirms His
Belief in Its Principles
By The Assdejiated Press
WASHINGTON, Dec. 19-President Roosevelt declared today that
the Atlantic Charter did not exist as a formal document signed by himself
and Prime Minister Churchill, but that he still stood for its principles.
The chief executive told a news conference that the Charter, drafted
in a conference at sea between himself and the British prime minister,
existed as 4 series of memoranda, turned over to radio operators for trans-
mission to Washington and London to be released to the press.
He asserted that it had been sign-
ed in substance, but not formally as
a complete document.
At the same time, Mr. Roosevelt
made it clear that he adhered firm-
ly to the principles enunciated in the
charter as it has been promulgated.
No Comment on Greece
On another tack, he was asked
whether he could comment on a
statement by British Labor Minister
Lord Bevin that he had initialed at
Quebec a British plan for stabilizing
The President inquired . whether
that had not been denied at the
State Department and was told it had
"Is it to be denied?" a reporter
The chief executive replied he
would not bring that up again, since
it was contentious.
On the question of another confer-
ence of himself, Churchill and Pre-
mier Stalin, Mr. Roosevelt asserted
that the matter was highly specu-
lative. He said no specific date for
a conference has been set.
When a reporter remarked that he
would "like to eliininate the specu-
lation and go to the highest source,"
the President said he would like to
do that too.
The president was bombarded with
questions of whether "Churchill sign-
ed the Atlantic Charter" and "where
- That started a lengthy discussion.
The president said the press was
thinking in broad phrases and
that there was no copy of the char-
ter, so far as he knew.
The nearest thing to it, he said,
is what was handed radio operat-
ors on the American cruiser Augusta
and the British battleship Prince of
Reveal Team, Schedule
The University Debate Squad has
been holding a series of meetings
with students interested in debating,
but regular members of the squad
will not be announced until after the
Those students who have attended
most of the debate meetings will be
paired into team combinations after
Christmas, and trial debates will be
held. From these trial debates, mem-
bers of the 1944 -45 squad will be
Those students who are being con-
sidered include John Muehl, Archie
Carmichael,uAllyce Wishnevsky, Yota
Stefanis, Joyce Siegan, Mary Ellen
Wood, Margaret Farmer, Dorothy
Murzek, John Condylis, Martin Scha-
pero, Edgar Hughes, Barbara Levine,
James Laud, Marilyn Sperber, Shel-
don Selisneck, Sander Bernstein,
Ruth Elconin, Harriet Risk, Charles
Young, and Betty Lou Bidwell.
Prof. Kenneth G. Hance and Mr.
Thomas Battin of the speech depart-
ment are in charge of the debate
squad, and at the present time they
are in the process of scheduling de-
bates with other colleges and uni-
versities in Michigan. The schedule
will also be announced after the
Nisei Invited to
The First Methodist Church, in co-
operation with the Ann Arbor Mini.
sterial Association's Committee on
Japanese-American Work, will hold
special services for all Nisei at 8
p. m. every Sunday at the first Meth-
odist Church, 120 S. State St.
All Nisei and their friends are in-
vited to attend the services. The
service will be followed by an in-
formal get-to-gether, which will give
Nisei opportunities to meet each oth-
er for fellowship.
Vets To Receive
NEW YORK, Dec. 19.-(P)-Brig.-
Gen. Frank T. Hines, veterans ad-
ministrator, said tonight that return-
ing veterans already are receiving
loans under the G.I. Bill of Rights
for purchasing homes and farms and
this week will begin receiving finan-
cial assistance for establishing small
Speaking at an American Legion
dinner, General Hines said: "No piece
of legislation has been so difficult to
place in operation."
Regulations governing issuance of
small business loans will be issued
Thursday, he said.
General Hines said that more than
300,000 veterans of World War II are
on the Veterans Administration pen-
sion rolls and that more than 112,000
"have passed through the Veterans
Administration Hospital alone."
SHAEF, Paris, Dec. 19.-(P)-The
Army is playing Santa Claus to its
American personnel in the commun-
ications zone by increasing its weekly
cigarette ration from two to five
packages, effective Christmas Eve.
TESTING RESCUE HARNESS-Carl A. Yanuzzi, AMM 1/C, is hauled up to the cabin of a Coast Guard
helicopter in a test of a new type of rescue harness near Brooklyn. This plan will aid flyers and others
who are forced down on ice bergs or mountains that are impossible to land a plane on. The harness
is dropped to the victim who puts it on and then ca n be packed up by the helicopter.
JOE'S NOT OFF HIS ROCKER:
Medic Makes Sure Buddy Is Buried Clean
Will to Men'
MIAMI, Pla., Dec. 19-(P)-Claire
Whitesell sent $15 of his newspaper
earnings to the Miami Daily News
Heroes Telephone Fund for " some
boy to call his mom" on Christmas.
Claire wrote the News: "I am 12
years old. I am a paper boy at
Pan American Field. Last Christ-
mas my only brother was on a boat
headed for the S. Pacific. He could-
n't phone my mom from the boat.
This year he can't phone either be-
cause he is one of the heroes of Sai- i
pan, and spending Christmas in!
"I know my mom will be very sad
this Christmas, so I am sending
$15, I earned. Will you please let
some boy call his mom on Christmas
day? I know she would like it just
as my mom would."
(Continued from Page 1)
that "the attack is continuing." This
curtain of silence appeared to indi-
cate that the enemy's forward mo-
mentum had not been halted. The
Germans still were packing the roads
with equipment and men.
(The German High Command de-
clared that Nazi tank forces ''have
broken through, smashed and dis-
persed units of the American First
Army deep into the enemy rear."
Like the Allies, however, the Ger-
mans dealt only in generalities.)
Up to tonight the only specific clue
as to the extent of the German pene-
tration was the report that British
Typhoons had attacked a score of
enemy armored vehicles "west of
Stavelot," a town 22 miles by road
from the Reich frontier. Stavelot is
41/2 miles southwest of Malmedy.
No Gains Made
The Seventh Army of Lt. Gen.
Alexander Patch hacked at Sieg-
fried defenses along a 20-mile front
westward from the Rhine in the Ba-
varian Palatinate, but met savage
opposition and registered no gains of
consequence. The Americans' every
move was being furiously and ac-
curately fired upon by Nazi artillery
which was registered on every foot
At the western extremity of the
Seventh Army front the 100th infan-
try Division battled to complete its
control of two holdout forts on the
outskirts of Bitche and fought from
wing to wing against Nazis barricad-
ed in the C'ollege of Bitche.
150 Labor Leaders
Will Gather at London
For February Meeting
DETROIT, Dec. 19-(P)-R. P.
J. Thomas, president of the United
Automobile Workers (CIO) said to-
day that he was confident a confer-
ence to be held in London next Feb-
ruary would result in the creation of
a World Trade Union Federation that
would contribute much to asure a
Thomas has just returned from a
meeting with British and Russian
labor leaders in the British capital
where a program was drafted for the
f'ebruary meeting of some 150 rep-
resentatives of labor organizations
in the United Nations and neutral
A new world federation, Thoma
told a press conference, would "take
the place of the moribund Interna-
tional Federation of Trade Unions."
"The firm unity of all workers of'
the freedom loving nations," he said,
"is the surest guarantee that the pol-
icies of world security outlined at
Dumbarton Oaks, Bretton Woods and
other United Nations conferences will
be underwritten by the common
people of the world.
"Labor is the only force in the
world whose representatives can sit
down and come to some agreement
that will prevent future wars and
stop jealousies between nations."
Thomas said he had met the lead-
ers of the underground movement in
practically all the occupied countries
and found that in virtually all of
those countries "The underground
movement was the labor movement."
To Include Carols
As a final program for his fall
season of recitals, Prof. Percival
Price. University carillonneur, will
play a group of nine Christmas carols
at 7 p.m. tomorrow.
Included on the program are such
popular carols as "Oh Come, All Ye
Faithful," 'It Came Upon a Midnight
Clear," "Silent Night, Holy Night,"
and "Good King Wenceslaus."
By KENNETH L. DIXON
(ADVANCE)' IN GERMANY, Dec.
11 (Delayed)-(P)-They buried him
in the little military cemetery not
far from here. He didn't want to die
overseas and he didn't want to be
buried anywhere except in his little
midwestern home town when the
natural time came for him to die.
But otherwise- conditions being
what they are-he probably would
be pleased with the way things were
His fatal wounds cleansed as
carefully as though he" still were
alive, his body washed and clad in
a fresh uniform, he was buried in
a clean, quiet manner fitting the
clean, peace-loving youngster he
was. And because 'it is, of neces-
sity, unusual to the combat zone,
maybe it should be told.
Call him Bill. Call his friend Joe.
They were medical aid men who
had been at war more than two years,
yet still were apart from it. They
took more chances than any warrior
in their outfit, but neither ever fired
a shot in anger.'
Constant companions, they were
almost legendary for their quiet hero-
ism. Back in camp in the States
some three years ago they had been
kidded, called pill pushers and razzed
by soldiers as non-combatants-but
that was three years ago. Nobody
who's been in combat ever razzes
During a house to house fight in
a small town, word came back that
there was a wounded man inside a
building a short distance away.
The message also said the building
was mined and booby-trapped so
thickly it was almost impossible to
step inside it. They said for the
medic to wait until an engineer
could go with him---or somebody
who knew how to smell out traps.
and take care of them.
But anybody who knew Bill would
have known his reaction. There was
a man wounded in there, therefore
no time to wait.-
He didn't come back. Joe asked
where he had gone. They told him
and repeated the 'warnings, but he!
had a double reason to go.
The wounded man was dead when!
Joe got inside. So was Bill. Despite
the booby traps, Joe picked up Bill
and carried him back. Nobody said
anything when he brought Bill back.
There wasn't anything to say.
Quietly, efficiently, as though
Bill were still alive, Joe began to
cleanse his wounds. Sadly, soldiers
looked at thehlittle tableau. No-
body tapped his forehead or did
anything to indicate a belief that.
Joe had blown his top. But that's
what they thought.
Joe's commanding officer went up
to him and suggested gently it was
too late to do Bill any good. Joe
looked, up, puzzled. Then in a mo-
ment he understood.
"It's, all right, sir," he said. "I am
all right. It is just that he was a
clean kid. He lived that way and he
never stayed dirty if there was any
Hit New High
(ADVANCE)--A U. S. AIR TRANS-
PORT BASE IN SCOTLAND-(De-
layed)-(1PI)-If there was a highway
across the Atlantic ocean between
New York and Britain, it probably
would be well rutted by this time.
There doubtless would be traffic cops
buzzing everywhere and alluring hot
dog and pop stands every few miles.
This is the feeling one gets while
looking around this great Trans-At-
lantic airbase tucked in the green
lowlands of Scotland where the giant
transports come and go from America
with the precision of a Tulsa-to-
During the last 18 months, trans-
Atlantic flying by men on urgent
war business has become so common
that a plane taking off to fly across
the ocean gets about as much at-
tention as a train pulling into Grand
Central Station in New York.
Hundreds of planes land here week-
ly. They range from chunky little
A-20's and other combat ships to
the massive C-54s-masters of the
way to get clean, and he's not going
to be buried dirty."
Then he returned to his work. He
brought water and gave Bill a .bath.
It wasn't necessary to shave him,
because he had shaved that morning.
Somehow Joe managed to scrounge
a clean pair of OD pants and a shirt.
They might not have fit just right,
but they were clean. that was the 1
Perhaps it is horrible that it
should have been spch a wonderful
thing. But it was. Maybe it is
every more horrible that everybody
understood-that nobody thought
Joe was off his rocker any more.
They remembered Bill's hatred of
filth and they understood, as only
men who have seen other men live,
die and be buried unclean for two
years could understand.
There is something sickeningly
indecent about the mass unimpor-
tance of the dead in cOmbat. In
general this is unavoidable. But Joe
made it different for Bill. Freshly
scrubbed behind the ears, he went to
his foreign grave with his face as
clean as his hands.
. .. ....
Three selections from contempo-
rary composers will be featured on
the S.R.A. Music Hour at 7:30 today
in the Lane Hall Library.
The program will be introduced
and interpreted by Robert Taylor,
'45. The compositions include Er-
nest Bloch's "Schelomo" (a Hebrew
Rhapsody), Igor Stravinsky's "Sym-
phony of Psalms," and. Paul Hinde-
mith's "Mathis Der Maler" (Mathis
The first number was recently
presented over a national hook-up
by .the New York Philharmonic Or-
chestra. Hindemith's work, a sym-
phonic suite, is in reality an arrange-
ment from his opera of the same
name. Another of this modernist's
works was performed this fall at a
Choral Union Concert by the Cleve-
land Orchestra, under the direction of
Club To Give
The Christmas meeting of La So-
ciedad Hispanica, to be held at 8:00
p. m. today in the Union, will feat-
ure a dramatic presentation depict-
ing the birth of Christ, to be given
by students of Spanish 81.
Included on the program will be
an address by Alfredo Chaves on the
Christmas customs of Equador, and
a talk by Renee Kaire describing the
Yule festivities in Guatemala. Span-
ish Christmas carols will be sung.
Ogden Strikes It Rich
OGDEN, UTAH, Dec. 19-()-
Gasoline flowed unexpectedly out of
the ground when workers were dig-
ging a foundation and Ogden was
on its way to become another boom
town. Firemen, however, said the
gasoline had leaked from nearby
storage tanks. -
BUY WAR BONDS
You've never seen anything like
them! Your favorite bunny fur
mittens in COLOR. Give them
to a gal for Christmas and she'll
be your friend for life!
a .. ,
Helena Ruberstein Apple Blos-
som Cologne, with its far-famed
fagrance of romance.
Bunny Fur mittens
In lively shades of red,
cherry, green, blue and
(Continued from Page 4)
olas Fatica will speak on the subject
"Electroplating." Anyone interested
is cordially invited to attend.
The Lutheran Student Association
will meet at Trinity Lutheran Church
this Thursday evening at 7 for its
annual Caroling Party. Refresh-
ments will be served after "the sing"
Jay thru Saturday
A.M. to 6:00 P.M.