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December 16, 1944 - Image 1

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1944-12-16

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

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ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, SATURDAY. DEC. 16. 1944

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Churchill Backs Red Boundary Claim in P4

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Exile Government
Of Poles Cast Off
By The Associated Press
LONDON, Dec. 15-Prime Ministe
Churchill dumped overboard th
present Polish exile government to
day, backed 1ussia's demand fors
new Western frontier, and drewa
map for Central Europe in which
Germany would lose vast tracts o
her northern and eastern territory
In an historic address, he suggest
ed a "practical" approach by th(
United States to Poland's future and
inferentially, to that of all Europe
and disclosed a mysterious misfire
in plans for a new meeting with
President Roosevelt and Premier Sta-
lin.
Rivaling in world significance his
dramatic "Blood, Toil, Sweat and
Tears" pronouncement which rallied
Britain four years ago, Churchil
bluntly made these main points to-
day in the House of Commons:
Poland must accept Russia's de-
mands for a western boundary run-
ning along the old Curzon Line,
including the loss of Lvov.
Poland, with British-Soviet back-
ing would be free to expand to the
west, taking over all of East Prus-
sia south and west of Konigsberg,
including once-free Danzig, and
enjoying a 200-mile Baltic coast-
line rather than the old, narrow
Polish corridor.
BY implication, through orlnis-
sion of mention, Russia would re-
ceive the remainder of East Prus-
sia to the north.
President Roosevelt has been kept
fully informed of Russian-British
agreements on the future of Poland.
Big Three Call
Second Meeting
WASHINGTON, Dec. 15-()-A
second Roosevelt - Churchill - Stalin
conference at last has been arrang-
ed-for late January or early Feb-
ruary.
Dictating the need for it were new
demands on both sides of the Atlan-
tic for consultations at top levels and
grave concern over divergent courses
of Allied diplomacy.
Awaiting major decisions by Presi-
dent Roosevelt on immediate ques-
tions underlined in Churchill's
speech, officials said that in the
meantime the American attitude rests
on four fundamental principles:
1. Territorial settlements, ex-
cept by mutual agreement of par-
ties concerned, should be delayed
until after the war.
2. Liberated peoples should have
freedom of choice in establishing
their governments.
3. Spheres of influence are un-
desirable and conflict with the pol-
icy of combined Allied decisions on
questions of mutual interest.
4. The United States cannot
guarantee specific European boun-
daries.
CAMPUS EVENTS
Today IFC Ball from 9 p. m. to
midnight in the League
Ballroom with letcher
Henderson's band.
Today Union Dance from 9
p. m. to midnight at the
Union with Bill Layton's
band.
Today Michigan AAU Final,
Swim Gala, 7:30 p. m.,
Varsity Pool.
Today Movies on the position of
the American Negro given
by Post-War Council,
7:30 p. m., Rackham Am-
phitheatre.
Today Hanukkah mixer, with
popular dancing and en-
tertainment program,

from 9 p. m. to mid:4ight

U.S. Seventh
Army Drives
Into Germany
Divisions Cut Into
Industrial Sector
By The Associated Press
r PARIS, Dec. 15-Three divisions of
e
the U. S. Seventh Army drove int
a Germany's industrial Palatinate to-
a day at three points along a 12-mile
h front, four months to the day after
they stormed the Mediterranean
shore and began chasing the Ger-
e mans 500 miles across France.
The first to make the crossing was
the 103rd 'Division, which pushed
across at 1:05 p. m., against sporadic
opposition north of Climbach and
four miles west of the French frontier
city of Wissembourg in the northeast-
ern corner of Alsace.
Crossed Border
1 Forty-five minutes later the 45th
Division crossed the border along
wooded ridges at an undisclosable
point, but in the same general area.
Ten minutes later, the 79th Divi-
sion burst the Lauter River line at
the frontier near Scheibenhard, nine
miles east of Wissembourg, and
plunged into the fastnesses of Bien
Wald forest on the Rhine plain some
11 miles west of the Baden province
capital of Karlsruhe.
A late front dispatch said the van-
guards of Lt. Gen. Alexander M.
Patch's divisions, which moved up to
the frontier while the Siegfried line 's
guns were singularly silent, had come
under fire of the fortifications and
were pressing against outpost bunk-
ers and pillboxes.
Overrun Seven Towns
Other elements of the 103rd Divi-
sion, overrunning at least seven
towns in their path, were within a
mile and a half south of Wissem-
bourg, standing at the entrance of
a gap leading into Germany.
Forces of the 79th Division smash-
ed into Lauterbourg, at the east end
of the invasion front between the
Vosges andhthe1Rhine, and were
fighting within 10 miles of Karls-
ruhe, which is across the Rhine.
Cracking of the German border by
the doughboys, who pounded 80 miles
in little more than a month, placed
all four American armies on the
Western Front inside the Reich for
the showdown battles of the winter
offensive designed to crush Hitler's
Germany. ',
---Be a Goofellow-
Campuis Sing
Will Be Held
Prof. Mattern To Lead'
Caroling Tomorrow
The All-Campus Carol Sing spon-
sored by the Student Religious Asso-
ciation will be held at 8 p.m. tomor-
row on the steps of the General
Library.
Prof. David Mattern of the School
of Music and a chorus from the
Men's Glee Club will lead in the sing-
ing of all the best known Christmas
carols. Robert Fries, boy soprano,
will be the guest soloist. Nathan
Anderson, '49SM Donald Schultz,
'48SM; and William Penn will fur-
nish trumpet music.
Informal singing will continue and
refreshments will be served at Lane

Hall after the singing on the library
steps.
The Carol Sing has, in past years,
been Lane Hall's most popular activ-
ity. The Christmas mood, set by
the performance of the "Messiah" in
the afternoon, is heightened by the
Christmas cookies and hot spiced
cider served around the Christmas
tree in the Lane Hall lobby. Sheets
containing the words will be fur-
nished.
The Carol Sing originated in the

EAM MEMBERS BURY DEAD AFTER ATHENS CLASH-Members
of the EAM, leftwing Greek party, bury comrades killed in a clash
between Greek police and EAM demonstrators in Athens Sunday, Dec. 3.
BE A GOODFELLOW:
Charity Dailies Will Be Sold.
In Campus, City-Wide Drive
The annual Goodfellow campaign for funds will take place Monday
with the campus and city-wide sale of special Daily Goodfellow editions.
Money obtained from the drive will be divided among the Family and
Children's Service, the University Textbook Lending Library ind the
Student Goodwill fund.
Maintained as a service for University students, the Goodwill Fund
operates through the office of the Dean of Students and the Office of the

Bond Sales
Exceed Quota
Of $100,000
JGP Accoye ts. for
60 Per Cent of Total
The University topped its $100,000
Sixth War Loan Drive bond quota
yesterday by $706, the University
Bond Committee announced.
Bond purchases totalling nearly
$3,500 pushed the University figure
over the mark with only one day to
spare in the bond drive which ends
today. County sales soared over the
quota Thursday when the total
reached $8,672,000. The Washtenaw
quota was $8,164,000.
Belles Sell 60 Per Cent
Consisting of 784 separate sales,
the University. total was attained by
solicitations of the Bond Belles of
the Junior Girls' Project, who ac-
counted for 60 per cent of the figure,
by the University Pay Roll Savings
Plan, which yielded about 20 per
cent, and direct purchases accounted
for the rest.
The University War Bond Com-
mittee expressed appreciation for the
"excellent co-operation of all the
staff and for help given by all." Call-
ing the drive a "great success" the
Committee revealed it was "extreme-
ly pleased."
'U' Does Good Job
"Comparative figures will show
how good a job the University did
purchasing bonds," a Committee
spokesman said. "To date the coun-
try as a whole is 40 per cent behind
quota. The University should over-
subscribe the quota today," he added.
Originally the quota for the Uni-
versity was $50,000, set by the County
War Bond committee. However the
Bond Belles indicated that the Uni-
versity share should be larger and
suggested the mark be raised to
$100,000. Solicitations by the Belles
alone accounted for $58,800 of the
total.
The County total continued to go
over the quota mark, swelling to
$8,896,173 yesterday, a jump of more
than $220,000.
Bond Belies To
Receive Honors
Bond Belle leaders and teams who
have done outstanding work in sell-
ing bonds in the Sixth War Loan
Drive will be presented with awards
at 7 p. m. Tuesday in the Grand Rap-
ids rooms of the Michigan League.
Four engraved scrolls will be given
to the winners of the competition be-
tween teams. Two of these scrolls
will be awarded to the winning team
and leader on the basis of the ratio
of the number of faculty members
for which they were responsible to
the number of bonds actually sold.
This will give those teams with
smaller schools an equal chance to
win.
Extra credit will be given for those
sales made to outside sources. The
basis of the other awards is yet to
be decided.
All Bond Belles have been asked to
turn in their sales records to the
League by 5 p. m. Monday at which
time the books will be closed officially
for the war loan drive.

* * *

* :

WAR NEWS AT A GLANCE

By The Associated Press
PACIFIC FRONT-U. S. forces land virtually unopposed on Min-
doro Island, 150 miles from Manila. 224 Jap aircraft destroyed in
twro-day strike on Luzon.
WESTERN FRONT-Three divisions drive into Germany's indu-
strial Palatinate at three points on 12-mile front four months to day
after D-Day.
RUSSIAN FRONT-Reds made Western Slovakia, cutting off
Germans trapped in eastern section-open road to Vienna.

*{ * *

* *

Dean of Women.

Beachhead Won
On Mindoro Isle
Navy-Army Action Puts Manila Within
150 Miles, Spans Heart of Archipelago

When students

I

British, Greeks
Plan Regency
To Settle Strife
ATHENS, Dec. 15.-()-An agree-
ment in principle that a regency
might solve the strife in Greece was
reported tonight although fighting
continued in the rain-soaked capital.
The regency question was discussed
at a lengthy conference among Regi-
nald Leeper, the British ambassador;
Harold MacMillan, British resident
minister in the Middle East; and
Themistokles Sophoulis, Greek elder
statesman who has acted as an inter-
mediary between the opposing forces.
It was understood that appoint-
ment of a regency council of three
was suggested by Greek Premier
George Papandreou. Proposed mem-
bers were said to have been Arch-
bishop Damaskinos of Athens, Un-
dersecretary of Foreign Affairs Philip
Dragoumis and Gen. Nicholas Plas-
tiras, who led the Greek revolution
of 1922.
However, it was expected the even-
tual agreement would call for a one-
man regency of the Archbishop of
Athens.
Informants said Damaskinos had
been approached and had accepted.
The regency was a point in armis-
tice terms believed to have been
presented by the warring Greek left-
wingers.

ig part time work -are forced to leave
their jobs because of ill health, they
may apply to the Goodwill Fund for
financial assistance to tide them over.
Dean Joseph A. Bursley and Dean
Alice Lloyd are active in administer-
ing the fund.
The Textbook Lending Library,
which has a collection of 1,026 vol-
Lmes available to needy students will
be the recipient of a portion of the
fund. Started in 1938 by Assistant
Dean E. A. Walter of the College of

Instructions for Goodfellow Daily
salesmen and a list of the posts
they are to cover appears on Page
Four.
Literature, Science, and the Arts, the
library is a campus institution and is
open to students from all schools.
The Family and Children's Service
will also receive a large part of the
proceeds.
Contributions from sororities and
fraternities may still be sent to the
Daily, Ray Dixon, chairman of the
drive announced.
Films on Negro
o Be Shown
The Negro education and the negro
in war will be the subjects of two
movies to be presented by the Post-
War council from 7:30 to 8:45 p. m.
today at the Rackham Amphithea-
tre.
Telling the story of Negro partici-
pation in American wars, "Negro
Soldier" will depict his role in democ-
racy.

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By The Associated Press
MAC ARTHUR'S HEADQUARTERS, Philippines, Dec. 16.-A
naval-borne U.S. 6th Army force crossed the Philippines and gained a
virtually bloodless beachhead on Mindoro Island, within 150 miles of
Manila, Friday morning (Philippine Time), it was disclosed today.
The daring amphibous break spannng the heart of the Japanese-domi-
nated Philippines established for the Americans an east-west corridor
through the archipelago which will give them access to routes leading to
the coast of China, the supreme commander said.
-dSwarms of carrier-based planes
P ®1 @that day and the day before scourg
Pj st ed virtually every Nipponese air-
field in the far-flung archipelago,
W/ard Seizure destroying more than 200, perhaps
300, enemy aircraft.
ThreatenedMacArthur called it a 600-mile
advance but did not disclose the
route. The air-line distance from
Properties in 7 Cities eastern Leyte, where the Americans
first landed Oct. 20, to the southern
Are Involved in Dispute tip of Mindoro is about 260 miles.
The difference suggests that the
WASHINGTON, Dec. 15-(P)-Pre- American force took a circuitous
Christmas seizure of Montgomery route southwestward around Minda-
Ward properties in seven cities was nao Island.
threatened today. 'Secure' Waterway Skirted
The War Labor Board reaffirmed (Royal Arch Gunnison, Mutual re-
all its orders against the company porter in the Philippines said the
and demandedacompliance by Mon- convoy's 600 mile trip skirted "the
day night. Jap-held islands of Cebu, Negros and
The stores and plants include four Panay in what was considered by the
retail outlets in Detroit, where the enemy as their most secure waterway
CIO Retail Employ.es Union has been in the Philippines." He said much
on strike for a week and pickets have credit for the safe passage went to
attempted to discourage holiday the carrier planes' widespread at-
shoppers. Others are located in Chi- tacks.)
cago, Denver, St. Paul, Portland, Ore., The corridor, which MacArthur
San Rafael, Calif., and Jamaica, N. Y. said cut the Philippines in two for
Advised To Meet Terms the Japanese, evidently was estab-
The big mail order firm, which re- lished with the generous help of guer-
jected a chance to explain its pre- rillas who seized strong points and
vious non-compliance at hearings airfields and wiped out several Jap-
yesterday and today, was advised by anese contingents on islands lying
the board to meet the terms of WLB directly between Leyte and .Mindoro.
directives before the deadline, or, in Losses Negligible
effect, to take the consequences. Although enemy forces attacked
This means sending the whole file the Mindoro-bound convoy several
of cases in which the firm has been times, they were surprised as to the
found to be in non-compliance with- landing place, and U.S. losses were
in the last two years to Economic negligible, MacArthur reported.
Stabilizer Fred M. Vinson-the first -Be a Goodfeow
step toward presidential intervention.
In Michigan, Gov. Harry F. Kelly IFiC rranges
instructed state police to "take what-
ever steps are necessary" to main-
tain law and order in the suburb of
Royal Oak. The action was request-
ed by Royal Oak City Manager Ed- Henderson's Band
ward M. Shafter.
Temporary Injunction Granted
A temporary injunction restraining Final arrangements have been
international and local officers of the made for the twelfth annual Inter-
CIO Retail Employes Union from fraternity Council Ball to be held
molesting or interfering with Mont- from 9 p. in. to midnight today in
gomery Ward employes in any way the League Ballroom.
except through peaceful picketing The music of Fletcher Henderson
was granted by Oakland county cir- and his band will swing-out for mem-
uit judge Frank L. Doty. bers of the Greek brotherhoods and
their guests. Well known to swing
fans throughout thekUnited States,
! Henderson is recognized as the "King
l of All Arrangers."
Crests from all active houses will
decorate the walls of the ballroom.
Pre-party dinners are being planned
the "Auditions of the Air" prize in by most of the fraternities. War-
it o t A p time simplicity will characterize this
an aria from Wagner's "Rhinegoid." event which is an attempt to perpet-
Hardesty Johnson, a native of Bos- uate a peacetime custom according
on, who has studied both in Europe to Bliss Bowman, president of IFC.
and the United States, and Gean IFC Ball will be honored by the
Greenwell, baritone, who has ap- Chicago Tribune as the outstanding
[eared with the Cleveland, Phila- University dance of the year. A
delphia, and other major orchestras. press photographer and reporter will
ardin Van Deursen be at the dance.
Hd n r sen il ri t Intermission time will be devoted to
The entire nroaram will be rdirct- .- -

ANN ARBOR CHRISTMAS TRADITION:
Annual Performance of 'Messiah

The annual Christmas perform-
ance of Handel's monumental ora-
torio, "Messiah," which has become
traditional in Ann Arbor, will be
presented by the University Musical
Society at 3 p. in. tomorrow in Hill
Auditorium.
The history of the University Mu-
sica1 Sniety. which was nranized in

other great choral works. It alsoe
panded its membership to inclu
singers from both the Univers
and the community, other than tho
from several church choirs, of whi
its original membership was draw
At frequent intervals "Messia
was performed either duringst
year or at the May Festival, and n
for more than a quarter century
ha hen aivan annun,1a1 in the mnn

ex- t
de
ity
ose
ich
the x
ow
it
1th

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