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December 12, 1944 - Image 1

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1944-12-12

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D ai-----wib

Scattered 51now flurries
and Colder.








Allies Smash lap
Four Transports, Three Destroyers Sunk
In Attempt to Reinforce Leyte Troops
By, The Associated Press
day, Dec. 13-A Japanese convoy of four transports and three destroy-
ers attempting to rush aid to Nippon's beleaguered troops on Leyte was
smashed off the island Monday, Headquarters announced today.
Fifty enemy planes were shot down in the action which destroyed the
This was the eighth Japanese convey to be intercepted and smashed by
American air and naval forces since the Yank ground troops have pressed
the battle on the west coast of Leyte.
In the seven previous convoys sent

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-*Leyte 6Bay 8a atngcon
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- Pas
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- Leyle
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to the bottom more than 30,000 en-
emy troops were estimated to have
been lost.
Eight American planes were lost in
the running battle with the convoy,
and in opposing spirited Japanese air
attacks on Yank shipping.
American troops were consolidating
their position at Ormoc, Leyte west
coast port captured from the Nippo-
nese Sunday, Headquarters reported.
Other Yank divisions. were making
continued slow advance against the
enemy, who is crowded into the
northwestern part of the island.
The attack on the convoy also left
one Japanese destroyer and two me-
dium transports burning and unable
to make headway.
Navy PT patrol boats also sank a
5,000-ton Nipponese transport, Gen.
Douglas MacArthur's communique
Japan's loss of four transports and
three destroyers from the enemy's
latest convoy blasted on the way to
Leyte made a total of 39 transports
and 28 escort vessels, mostly destroy-
ers, sunk in the effort to reiftforce
Nippon's troops on the island.
The Japanese remaining on the
island were in desperate straits with
American troops pushing forward bn
three land sides, and the enemy's
back to the sea.
In front of the enemy force, at its
rear and on its eastern flank, Yank
spearheads were driving in for the
kill. To the west was mountainous
terrain, stretching for several miles
to the coast,
~U Christmas
Holiday Dates.
Are 'Unchanged.
Christmas vacation for Michigan
students will begin at the end of their
last class Friday, Dec. 22 and will
end with their first class Thursday,
Dec. 28, Dr. Frank E. Robbins, as-
sistant to the president, announced
Dr. Robbins spiked campus rum-
ors that a special holiday exten-
sion would be made.
"The meeting of the Committee of
Deans Conference contemplated no
change in the holiday," Dr. Robbins
said. "Changes are utterly impossi-
ble," he explained, "because of de-
mands made by the University's con-
tract teaching."
Triple cuts will be assessed for
missing classes immediately before
or after the holiday.
Navy V-12 trainees and NROTC
members on campus will have a va-
cation similar to ceivilian students,
leaving Dec. 2at the conclusion
of their last class but returning
7:15 p. m. Dec. 27, Lt. Cmdr. E. F.
Scott said.
Army units on campus with the
exception of Co. G will be free from
Dec. 23 until 7 a. m. Dec. 26. The
vacation of Co. G freshman extends
from Wednesday 6 p. m. to Dec. 27
while all others in the company leave
tomorrow for an added six days.
They will be due back the same time
as the freshman.
Today La Sociedad Hispanica at1
8 p. m. in St. Mary's Cha-
Today Dr. Anna Jacobson of
Hunter College will speak
at 4:15 p. in. in Rackham

LONDON, Dec. 13, Wednesday-
(iP)-A Tokyo home broadcast, re-
corded in Melbourne, said today
that bombs had fallen recently in
the Imperial Palace grounds.
The broadcast said a manor house
had been damaged.
(Only a few days ago photo-
graphs taken from U.S. Superfor-
tresses and published in the United
States disclosed that the B-29's
had flown squarely over the palace,
but there was no indication that it
was a target for bombing.)
The precincts of the imperial
palace, never open to sightseers,
consist of the inner enclosure and
the outer gardens, thle inner en-
closure being jealously guarded
against intrusion by unauthorized
Senate Group
Passes on Six
Stettiniuts Aides,
Secretary of State To
Aim at 'Liberal Policy'
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON, Dec. 12 - The
much-advertised fireworks failed to
go off today as Secretary of State
Stettinius led six chosen aides before
inquiring senators and declared him
aim is a "liberal foreign policy."
Fierce questioning had been fore-
cast ever since the Senate sent the
nominations of four of the men back
to committee for study. Senators
had complained that some of the;
nominees were too close to "Wall
Street" and, conversely, there were
murmurs that Archibald MacLeish;
was perhaps a bit too leftist and un-
equipped for the job of assistant sec-
But today, as the foreign rela-;
tions committee heard statementsI
from Stettinius and the nominees,
questions were few and far bei
tween. And when the questioningi
led into areas that Chairman Con-i
nally (D-Tex) considered improp-
er, he flagged the questioners down.{
Stettinius, who became Secretary
of State a fortnight ago, gave his
first detailed enunciation of the poli-
cies which will guide him. They wereI
devoid of gaudy innovations.


YANKS SEIZE JAP SUPPLY PORT-American 77th Division troops
had captured Ormoc, Japanese supply port on Leyte Island in the
Philippines, four days after a landing south of the town. On the
southeast U. S. 7th Division men pressed toward a juncture with the
77th Division.
Dr. Jacobson, Who Talks Here
Today, Praises Thomas Mann

Ward Strike
WLB 'Show Cause'
Hearing Scheduled
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON, Dec. 12.-A threat
of strikes at Montgomery Ward'
stores throughout the nation was
raised tonight as the War Labor
Board summoned company and un-
ion officials to a hearing on strikes
at four Detroit stores.
Sam Wolchok, president of the
United Retail, Wholesale and Depart-
ment Store Employes of America
(CIO), announced that the Mont-
gomery Ward organizing committee
had been called into emergency ses-
sion in Washington Thursday at
10 a.m.
To Decide Policy
Wolchok said the purpose was "to
determine policy regarding the cur-
rent strike situation in Detroit. as it
affects Montgomery Ward workers
throughout the country."
A union source said that the policy
conceivably could be a request for
supporting strikes.
The WLB summons to company
and union officials was the latest
development in a long series of ac-
tions involving Montgomery Ward.
Wards Must Explain
The Board, in scheduling the "show
cause" hearing in the Detroit strike
of 1,000 workers, also said it had
directed the huge mail order house,
headed by Sewell Avery of Chicago,
to explain Friday at 10:30 a.m., why
it had failed to comply with orders
in six other cities.
The other cases involve Montgom-
ery Ward stores or plants in Port-
land, Ore., San Rafael, Calif., St.
Paul, Minn., Chicago, Denver, and
Jamaica, N.Y.
Army Seizure Possible
The action followed the board's
usual pattern of procedure in non-
compliance cases, leading to seizure
by the armed forces if the order is
not thereupon carried through.
The WLB proceeded in this way
last May before the Army moved
into Ward's big Chicago plant, forci-
bly removing Avery from his office.
The issue in that strike was the
company's refusal to put into effect
maintenance of membership for the
same mail order union.
MCR Ermploye'
Killed by Traint
C. A. Broadbridge, 63, Dexter, an
employe of the Michigan Central
Railroad, was killed at 4:43 p. m.
yesterday when he stepped in front
of an east bound passenger train,
sheriff's deputies report.
Broadridge, originally from Marine
City, stepped in front of a way-
freight and a standing west-bound
passenger train in an attempt to
cross the tracks before being hit by
the engine of the east-bound train.
He was thrown into the air suf-
fering a skull injury which caused
instant death.

of Duren
S. 7th Battles
!-Aaginot Line
izis Battered in Roer River Area;
'ench Gain Ground in Vosges Hills
By The Associated Press
EF, PARIS, Dec. 12-Fighting through the old Maginot defenses,
Seventh Army stormed more than eight miles northward from
Haguenau today while the First American Army drove within
Lle of Duren and virtually eliminated the Germans' Roer River
ocking the route to Cologne.
ie same time the Third Army crossed the Blies river northeast of
nines, forcing a new edge across the German border, and the
irst Army rolled up new gains in the Vosges foothills at the south-

ern end of the long Western front.
By The Associated Press
defenses west of Roer river near
collapse. First within half mile of
Duren-pushes up to Roer on
1,000 mile front.
PACIFIC FRONT - Liberators
strike Iwo Jima. Four-transport
Jap convoy, three destroyers
smashed trying to aid Nip troops
on Leyte. American troops consoli-
date position on Ormoc.
burst into suburbs of Budapest.
Take last remaining German
strongpoint near Hungarian cap-
GREECE-ELAS resistance con-

"Thomas Mann is a builder of
bridges-cultural bridges from Eur-
ope to America." That is the studied
opinion of Dr. Anna Jacobson,

Mann's personal biographer,
she expressed in an exclusive
view for The Daily yesterday.
Dr. Jacobson, who is head<

Taps Junior,

of the

Two New Members
Added to Honor Group
Members of Mortar Board in their
traditional robes and mortar boards
walked through a deserted campus
at 7 a. m. today tapping second seme-
ster juniors for membership in the
national senior women's honorary so-
Those who were honored this
morning were Ruby Joan Kuhlman,
Toledo, who is president of the Mu-
sic School Student Council, a mem-
ber of Mu Phi Epsilon, honorary mu-
sic society, president of Adelia Chee-
er, and accompanist for Choral Un-
ion; and Rosemary Klein, Caro, who
is secretary of Pan-Hel, a member of
Wyvern, of the Central Committee
of Soph Project, Gamma Phi Beta,
and a former member of the 'Ensign.
The Ann Arbor group which was
founded in 1918 elects their mem-
bers on a basis of leadership, schol-
arship and service.

German Department at Hunter Col-
lege, is in Ann Arbor to give a lecture
at 4:15 p.m. today in Rackham Am-
phitheatre on "Thomas Mann as a
Cultural Mediator" under the spon-
sorship of the German Department
Only Lecture Scheduled
This will be the only lecture sho
will make on her way east after
spending several months in Santa
Monica, Calif. where she was a con-
stant associate of the great German
novelist it order to pjepare and
complete a biography of him which
will be published on his 70th birthday
next June.
"Personal contact is so necessary,
for in his presence one actually feels
his greatness, and yet he is very
simple," Dr. Jacobson went on to say.
Even now in his "Pacific Palisades"
home, Mann is writing a new novel,
and yet he takes time to enjoy his
grandchildren and to consider his
wife and six children of his own. One
son is in the Army in England, an-
other is in Italy, and his eldest
daughter, Ericha, is a war corre-
spondent abroad but -,he will be home
this year for Christmas. His youngest
son will go into the armed service in
January. Thomas Mann, American
citizen of six months has his heart in
the war, too.
Lives in California
His first visit to the United States
was in 1934, and in 1938 he returned
to a temporary professorship at
Princeton, but afterward moved to
California where he has written his
latest novel. Dr. Jacobson also stated
that "Thomas Mann is grateful to
America for what it has given him.
He has no desire to return to Ger-
many or to see it again unless it
could be from the heights of a Swiss
As an expert on Germanic lang-
uages, Mann is consultant at the
national Library of Congress, and
makes a yearly trip to Washington
to lecture. Most of his time is spent
in writing, though, for he feels that
it is his life task. "However," added
Dr. Jacobson, "in writing about the
past, Thomas Mann does not intendj
to flee from the present. He seeks to
inter-relate the two."
Brut Predicts
Provisional Rule
MOSCOW, Dec. 12-RP)-Boleslaw
Berut, peasant-born President of the
Polish National Council, predicted
today that the new year would be
ushered in by the formation of a
provisional government of Poland
dedic~ated to stisfvina the land

Peace Feelers
Are Rejected
Fighting Still Rages
ITwo+Greek Cities
By The Associated Press
LONDON, Dec. 12-W)-With Field
Marshal Sir Harold Alexander and
Minister of State Harold MacMillan
both in Athens, the Greek EAM-
ELAS fighters threw out a peace
feeler today but were told that sur-
render of arms and a half in hostili-
- ties were prerequisites to a settlement
of the civil strife.
While fighting raged on grimly in
Athens and Piraeus, and British rein-
forcements arrived, the British For-
eign Office announced that the Brit-
ish terms had been handed to Milti-
ades Porphyrogenis, representative of
the EAM, (National Liberation Par-
ty), by Maj. Gen. Ronald Scobie,
British commander in Greece.
Porphyrogenis, Communist former
Minister of Labor in the cabinet of
Premier George Papandreou, which
the British are supporting, was told
that the ELAS-fighting arm of the
EAM-must obey British orders and
that the forces in Attica province,
which includes Athens, must lay
down their arms and cease resistance
Even as the EAM delegate was
taken to Scobie's headquarters in a
British army vehicle, shooting con-
tinued outside, the Athens radio said.

Steady Advance
The steady advances of the ground
forces were strongly supported by Al-
lied planes, which hammered Nazi
targets in and behind the battle zone
relentlessly throughout the day.
More than 2,300 heavy bombers of
both the American and British com-
mands flew from bases in Britain in
coordinated assaults on the Ruhr.
Additionally, nearly 1,000 medium
and fighter bombers of the Allies'
three continental-based tactical air
forces flailed the enemy's advanced
positions from one end of the West-
ern Front to the other.
30 Towns Taken
More than 30 towns and villages-
at least seven of them inside Ger-
many-fell during the day as Gen.
Eisenhower's armies pounded at te
last barriers guarding the Reich's
three main industrial areas. At some
vital points enemy resistance appear
ed to be slackening, although this
might be explained as German with-
drawals to previously prepared posi-
Battlefront dispatches said Lt.
Gen. Alexander M. Patch's Seventh
Army was forging ahead at the rate
of a mile an hour. These American
troops surged through Langensoul-
tzbach and struck farther northward
toward Mattstall, 11 miles north of
Hagenau. They also thrust within
eight miles of the important frontier
highway junction of Wissembourg
by capturing Merkwiller,
Pivotal Movement
Yanks of both the Seventh and
Third Armies spread out to the west
and continued to close up to the
German border in a great wheeling
movement pivoting on Sarregue-
mines. At one point Patch's troops
had reached within 2/ miles of the
In the north German defenses west
of the Roer river had virtually col-
lapsed as Lt. Gen. Courtney H. Hod-
ges' first army pushed up to the
river on a 1,000-yard front east of
Hurtgen forest.
Rigid Policy of
Allies Reported
Abolition of Nazi War
Industries Discussed
By The Associated Press
LONDON, Dec. 12.-American pro-
posals for "complete and ruthless"
abolition of German war industries
and strict control of the country's
future economy were reliably report-
ed tonight to be under discussion by
the European advisory commission
as a part of a tough Allied plan to
suppress Germany's aggressive pow-
ers forever.
Winant Submits Memoranda
U.S. Ambassador John G. Winant
was understood to have presented to
the commission two or more memor-
anda containing the American pro-
posals for controlling future German
industry, foreign and domestic trade.
Great Britain also was said to have
presented her plans in the same field,
but neither Russia nor France has
submitted corresponding proposals.
Moscow, however, was understood to
have given much study to the sub-
De Gaulle Considers Stalin's Plans
It was believed that France was
waiting until Gen. De Gaulle had
finished digesting his talks with
Marshal Stalin before submitting
plans so that they could harmonize
with those of the Soviet Union.
Submissions of the American pro-

Travels Through Solomons,
Africa Told by Osa Johnson

Junior Miss' To Begin Four
Day Run Today at Mendelssohn

"Stand your ground !" that, Osa
Johnson, explorer and author, told
an interviewer, is the prime lesson
she learned in the jungle.
Attractive and gracious, it is diffi-
cult to imagine Mrs. Johnson brav-
ing the wilds, but she said emphati-
cally, "One learns to have confidence
when photographing wild animals.
Safety depends on it."
Life Story
Speaking at Hill Auditorium yes-
Gas-Filled Rooms
Claim Sixth Victim
PORT HURON, Mich., Dec. 12.--
(P)-Gas which filled the apartment
of the Roy Skipper family Sunday

terday under the auspices of the
Oratorical Association, she told the
story of her life of adventure.
Accompanying her lecture with her
two most recent movies, "African
Paradise" and "The Solomons" she
:escribed the vanishing wild life of
the African jungle, and explained
the customs of the cannibals and'
"devil men" of the Solomons.
Making the expedition to Paradise
Lake in Africa with a touring car, a
station wagon and 250 native porters
the Johnsons made camp on the
shores of the lake, building an elab-
orate laboratory for their photo-
graphic equipment, remaining four
years to film the jungle animals in
their native habitat.
Civilizations Differ
With the civilization of the camp

Opening this year's Play Produc-
tion season will be the comedy of
American teen-aged youth, "Junior
Miss," to be given at 8:30 p.m. today
through Saturday at the Lydia Men-
delssohn Theatre.
Adapted from the Sally Berson
stories in The New Yorker magazine,
the play had an entertaining and
long run on Broadway. "Junior
Miss" is not only devoted to the
portrait of a modern young girl and
her friends who are completely "up-
to-date" but pushes the elders of the
cast into the obscurity of the back-
ground and keeps them there.
The plot of the play comes from
Judy Graves, played by Ethel Isen-
berg, and her best friend, Fuffy
Adams, taken by Mary Acton, who goj
"movie-mad." Judy spins such stor-
ies about her family like turning her
father's affectionate kissing of a
family friend into a desperate ro-

Robinson, Babette Blum, Frances
Sacks, Byron Mitchell, Warren
Holmes, Clarence Stephenson, John


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