THlE MI1011GAN DAILY
Im Earligan Zat
Trouble in Greece Is Basic
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Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
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PATRIOTISM is a good basis for buying bonds.
Patriotism plus an understanding of the
elements of war finance is a better basis. Inform-
ed bond owners aren't fooled by Axis-inspired
rumors-and they are much more likely to hold
their bonds, both now and during reconversion.
So says the War Finance Division of the Treas-
ury Depavtment in a pamphlet devoted to a
non-technical discussion of how the purchase of
war bonds checks rising prices and helps to in-
sure post-war prosperity.
The pamphlet points out that expenditures of
approximately 99 billion dollars are contemplated
for the 1945 fiscal year. Taxes bring in some
46 billions, leaving a deficit which must be met
The government can borrow from commer-
cial banks, and it can borrow from individuals
and corporations. Borrowing from commercial
banks means that Uncle Sam spends money
which would not otherwise have been created
-"new" money, inflationary money. Borrow-
ing from individuals means that Uncle Sam
spends money which the individual or corpora-
tion might otherwise have spent.
At the present time the federal government
is purchasing about one half the total volume of
goods and services being produced, while the
other half is being purchased for private use.
The discrepancy means that there is more
money with which to buy ties and bracelets and
butter and beef than there are ties and bracelets
and butter and beef to buy. The attempted ex-
penditures of the excess funds threatens ceiling
prices and pushes upward the prices which are
not pegged, resulting ultimately' in inflation.-.
Inflation means that dollars-dollars in pockets,
dollars invested in insurance policies, dollars
in bank accounts, buy increasing less.. -
Money safely and patriotically invested in
bonds is not pushing prices upward. It is
warding off inflation. It is helping to keep.
the United States post-war economy on an
-Margaret Farmer I
By DREW PEARSON
WASHINGTON, Dec. 11-Inside fact about the
troubles in Greece is that they date back
to an understanding between Roosevelt and
Churchill that the American Army would play
second fiddle to the British Army in all matters
affecting not only Greece but Jugoslavia. Chur-
chill sold Roosevelt on the idea that this was a
British sphere of influence, that all decisions,
all military and diplomatic operations should be
under the British.
This has been carried out to the last T-
in fact, so much so that it was a cause of con-
siderable embarrassment to U. S. military lead-
ers in the Near East. When, for instance, U. S.
Army officers wanted to send instructions to
U. S. Army men inside Greece, they had to send
them through the British in British code.
They never could tell whether the messages
It is now no secret that both British and
American troops infiltrated back and forth
inside Greece and Jugoslavia during the Ger-
man occupation. Supplies were sent to the
guerrillas in both countries, and so were U. S.
troops. Usually the troops were American
citizens of Greek or Jugoslav descent who
spoke the language and could work with the
rebel armies fighting the German occupation.
But everything had to be done under the
British, and when the British found an Am-
erican too friendly to the non-Royalists in
Greece, he was quietly transferred elsewhere.
Movie Stars in Politics .
THE ACTIVITY of Orson Welles, Frank Sina-
tra, Ann Sheridan and a lot of other movie and
radio stars in the recent campaign has caused
repercussions among the movie-going public.
One irate movie-goer recently wrote to Harry
Warner of Warner Brothers, demanding that
movie stars be suppressed when it came to ex-
pressing their political opinions.
To this Harry Warner replied:
"Dear Madam: In reply to your letter of the
8th, I am very much surprised that anyone would
refuse to go to see a picture because the star
in it had publicly'expressed his political point
"I think your letter would be fitting in any
Nazi or Japanese country, but Thank God there
is an America where people can express their
opinions publicly, no matter what their political
affiliation may be.
"We advised all of our people that they
certainly had a right to express their views,
no matter what political party they favored.
If you have a right to go and see whatever
picture you want to see and express your
views as to what you think about it, then a
movie star certainly has the right to go to
any political gathering and express his opin-
Snowplows in Tropics.
F~OR WEEKS the Alaskan army has been yell-
ing for a dozen high-powered snowplows to
clear airfields in Alaska. Orders were sent for
them nearly a year ago but, although the plows
were shipped out in good time, they still have not
reached Alaska. Instead, guess where they are!
They are reposing under thatched roofs in the
tropical heat of one of the Mariana Islands.
Here is the story of what happened.
The dozen plows were loaded last summer on
the decks of two ships whose holds were full of
powder and shells. The ships sailed for Alaska
from a port on our Pacific Coast. Shortly after
they set sail, a frantic request came from the
Pacific theater for ammunition of the type
these ships were carrying-the Saipan battle
was in progress at that time.
The ships were radioed to change their
course and make for the Marianas. Unfortu-
nately, there were no port facilities at the
island to which they were directed, and the
Marines and Seabees assigned to unload the
ships had a major engineering job on their
hands. They had to remove the heavy dual-
motored plows on small lighters before they
could unload the ammunition.
The plows were then to be reloaded on the
ships and sent to Alaska. But the sun was
too hot, and the men too busy. The ships sailed
without the plows. The sun has remained too
hot, and the men too busy. The plows are still
lined up near the shore of a tropical island
while our men at the Alaskan airfields battle the
snow without them.
Burning War Bonds . .
TREASURY Department war bond salesmen
are pleased with the show of patriotism
made by those who burn their war bonds, but
they fear it will snarl Government bookkeeping
in years to come.
The Treasury has a microfilm record of
every war bond purchaser, and officials point
out that a person'.s equity in a war bond
cannot be destroyed,'that the sales arcwmarked
as a debt on the Federal ledger. Thus, burned
war bonds will remain a debt on the books
unless you write to the Treasury and notify
them to the contrary.
(Copyright, 1944 by United Feature Syndicate, Inc.)
ED RA THER BE RIGHT:
By SAMUEL GRAFTON
EW YORK, Dec. 11-The remedy for cool-
ness between Britain and the United States
is warmth. Everybody knows this; both sides
to the current controversy know it; the chil-
dren in the streets know it; the butcher's boy
knows it, Mr. Eden and Mr. Stettinius know it.
The two countries must come together. And
they want to come together. There is a lively
desire in both countries for an end to the
current semi-crisis, for an embrace, amid sobs
and loud smacking noises. Why then does the
crisis exist, and why don't Britain and America
One reason is that the two countries are
not facing up to the real issue. Let us not
be confused by the form which the near-
crisis in British-American affairs has taken.
In form, .it.is a quarrel over the right of the
people of Italy, Belgium and Geece to pick
their own governments. In form, it is a
quarrel over whether there is to be order or
disorder in these lands. In form, it is a quarrel
over whether Count Sforza can be trusted to
support Bonomi, when and if he enters a
Bonomi government. But these are only the
forms. These surface appearances are de-
ceptive. The substance of this quarrel is
quite different from its form.
The British tell us it is a quarrel over whether
there is to be "order" in Belgium and Greece.
Let us not delude ourselves. If the Pierlot gov-
ernment in Belgium and the Papandreou gov-
ernment in Greece were anti-British, Mr. Chur-
chill would be against them, and he would not
care two whoops in a rain barrel whether they
were keeping order or not. As a matter of fact,
they are not keeping order, and so Mr. Chur-
chill's slogan is visibly empty of content.
A similar situation obtains in Italy, where the
British oppose the gentle Count Sforza, on the
ground that he is hostile to Premier Bonomi.
But Bonomi doesn't seem to mind. He has
testified to Sforza's friendship. The British are
not concerned about Sforza's opposition to Bon-
omi, but about his opposition to themselves, and
to their plans concerning control over Italy's
former colonies in North Africa.
The British have no objections to letting
Sforza take a domestic role in the Italian gov-
ernment; it is only when he is proposed for the
foreign office, the one office with which they
would have to deal, that they become alarmed
about the degree of his loyalty to Bonomi. But
I am not shocked by this.
For the British will have their livings to earn
after the war. They are in a tight spot.
They are working for self-preservation. It is
their drive for self-preservation which takes
the respectable form of slogans about "order"
and about Sforza's betrayal.
BUT WE ARE answering with slogans, too;
with slogans about freedom. Our slogans
are much better. Our slogans do array us on
the same side as the people of Belgium and
Greece and Italy. But our slogans have a bit of
extra, added meaning, too, in addition to their
surface meaning; there is a spill-over; by
"freedom" we sincerely mean freedom of self-
rule for liberated peoples, but we also mean free-
dom to land our commercial airplanes where we
like, freedom to set up shipping lines as we like,
freedom to scramble for the carrying trade of
the world. Let us remember that a good part
of this trade will be air trade; and the com-
mercial air traffic is peculiar in that it combines
strategic considerations with commercial con-
siderations in an extraordinary degree.
We showed at the Chicago Air Conference
that we mean to give the British no quarter on
the question of obtaining exclusive commercial
air rights anywhere, or even a fixed, protected
quota of the air business.
This, while the air is filled with slogans of
"Order!" "Freedom!", etc., the content of the
near-crisis between British and America is
Britain's fear of unchecked economic rivalry,
and our desire for it. Our position regarding the
peoples of Italy, Belgium and Greece, is superior
to the British. But it is also true that we can
afford to have it so.
The trouble is deep-seated, and though we
may wipe away a particular symptom, say in
Italy, the disorder will show itself somewhere
else, unless we meet with Britain, and plan
how both of us are to make our livings. Brit-
ain must have something on which she can
rely, or she will grab. The cry of "Shame!"
will not solve it. Nations must live.
(Copyright, 1944, New York Post Syndicate)
Letters to the Editor
On Dr. Becker's Lectures . .
THROUGHOUT the past week, as we all know, we have had the oppor-
tunity to hear the eminent historian, Dr. Carl R. Becker, lecture on
"Freedom and Responsibility in the American Way of Life." These talks
have, indeed, been highly instructive and provocative, for both the lecturer
is a profound scholar and the subject matter is most pertinent. In these
lectures, however, especially those of last Tuesday, Wednesday, and Thurs-
day, Dr. Becker, it seems to me, has been guilty of that one-sided reason-
ing quite common in contemporary pseudo-political and pseudo-economic
thought: private business attempts vigorously to effect the abridgement,j
if not the destruction, .of our personal>'
liberties; through its wealth and in- social problems of the day, but who
fluence it, to say the least, curtails the themselves would miserably fail in
freedom of the press and of commu- life if they could not hide under the
nication through radio; it artfully guise of a scholar; who, being excep-
deludes many individuals in its "ly- tionally incapable of facing the diffi-
ing for private profit"; it unceasingly culties of life, gloating in their con-
assails complete freedom of teaching;cetiesor ayi el ves ain the un-
and learning because it believes that ceit, portray themselves as the un-
increased knowledge in sociologied fortunate victims of an evil social
and economic problems might prove order. In his one-sided approach,
detrimental to its continued success, if Dr. Becker, in his lecture on "Free-
not to the perpetuity of the entire dom of Learning and Teaching," has,
system; fundamentally, private busi- indeed, adequately informed us how
ness, thoroughly selfish in its motives, freedom of teaching has often been
both in theory and in practice, cares abridged or even destroyed by vested
little about the general welfare of interests in various educational in-
the nation,-in fact, it would inde- stitutions. Teachers have been ex-
fatigably oppose the common good pelled, books have been burned by
if it believed this course of action to those who fear what a most complete
be profitable to itself. education might to do their status in
History and our own experiences society. This may be true. But
have unequivocally shown us that what about freedom of learning?
much of this is true. Powerful busi- From the student's point of view?
ness enterprises have, indeed, often
proved harmful to the general wel- Only this semester, on this campus.
fare, especially in the short run, was a student (a graduate student
before economic and social adjust- working for his doctorate) viciously
ments could b made. Private busi- ordered out of the classroom, never
ness has certainly taken full advan- to return, because he humbly told
tage of its Constitutional rights of the instructor that his views on some
freedom of speech and the press, uti- f religious matter mentioned by the
lizinesed minfgsyeevhe pssleure-instructor were different from those
lizing seemingly every poseible re- o h atr n l u nvriy
source of the English language and of the latter. And all our University
every other conceivable means'to de- said it could do for this student was
ceive the public for its own gain. to remove m fom the courseewinh
Truly a plethora of examples of this out a grade. Freedom of learning
ntreyane hreiteapesAndhasand teaching? It is a farce unless
nature can be reiterated. And. as- it works both ways.
ically, is not the very philosophy ofi My objective in this letter has
the free enterprise system, that phil- ; by no means been to give a com.
osophy which instructs each indivi- no means be to gies o-
dual to act so as to maximize his plete picture of the practices of
private profit, diametrically opposed labor organizations and of the be-
to he dels f scil .deopraose havior of a certain group of col-
to the ideals of social .democr acy, lege professors, for obviously I
which emphasizes the common good? hlee oer s leor ebviosl -
Apparently so. have deliberately selected exam-
nlnr frn~~wa 4hair c ln tra
MU S IC
But is such a sordid history pe-
culiar to the business enterprise?
Has private business alone been
guilty of these vicious atrocities?
Are the reactionary entrepreneur
and capitalist the only ones who
have been hostile to the truly dem-
ocratic way of life? On inspection
it is quite obvious that the busi-
ness interests are no more evil,
that is, anti-democratic, than any
other influential group of indivi-
dual§, including, for example, the
labor unions and many of the self-
styles "liberal" college professors.
I shall discuss each of these two
A reflection on the "methods" often
employed by the labor unions makes
one think that his mind is in a state
of ghastly fantasy, for frequently so
inconceivable is their behavior. To
call these methods undemocratic
would be amusing if they were not
so tragic. Union big-shots going into
unorganized towns and firms; de-
manding the laborers of a firm to
join this union (and pay the fees)
whether they desire to do so or not;
picketing the firm and forcibly stop-
ping all business transactions if the
laborers desire to remain unaffiliated
with that particular union; "inform-
ing" all those who have business re-
lations with the management that
those "had better" cease immediate-
ly until the laborers join the union-
to mention one type of case. And
how, at the labor meeting, (with par-
ticular reference to one at a war
plant with which I am well acquaint-
ed), the individual member dare say
nothing contravening the vociferous
declamations of the boss, but must
follow in a "Heil Hitler" fashion
throughout the course of the evening,
(the compulsion not being contrac-
tual or technical, of course). But
enough of these examples. Conser-
vative newspapers and politicians
have, as is to be expected, portray-
ed incidents of this type exuberant-
ly before the public mind. My point
is simply that the policy and meth-
ods of labor union are often remote
from a democratic spirit, probably
as remote as those of business enter-
THE SECOND group which I have
mentioned consists of those col-
lege professors who unendingly boast
of their great liberalism and of their
democratic and social spirit but who,
after the course of a semester, know
the names of practically none of their
students, and care still less; who
never cease talking about how ef-
fectively Russian democracy devel-
ops the personality of the individual,
but who are constantly feared as to
be going to "flunk" some student who
might accidentally express his indi-
viduality in the classroom; who claim
mgreat wisdom in understanding the
pies rom their ack pnases.
My point is that business enter-
prise is not the only activitiy which
has black pages in its history, as
Dr. Becker seemingly implied by
constantly choosing his examples
of undemocratic policy from its
history, and as much of the cur-
rent literature on social and ec-
onomic problems connotes; other
groups are in practice just as un-
democratic and anti-social. And,
to make a second point, I believe
that business enterprise has per-
haps done as much for the common
good of our society as any other
group, either deliberately or un-
knowingly. Especially now, for ex-
ample, when we consider how
many enterprisers, faithfully and
even, mtay I say, at times very
conscientiously, trying to continue
servicig their communities, have
to put up with the intermediate O.
P. A. employees who with their
snippy and assuming mannerisms
and their biting tongues, exhibit
a personality most repulsive to
deal with,-when we consider this,
we must be aware that courage
and civility are not completely
lacking in the business world.'
Business enterprise, too, has its
white pages. But I shall not enter
into a discussion of that here.
(Continued from Page 2)
Phi Omega, Am. Inst. of Architects.
Am. Inst. of Elec. Engineers, Am. Soc.
of Civil Engineers, Am. Soc. of3
Mechanical Engineers, ,Armenian
Student Association, Cercle Francais,,
Christian Science Organization, Del-
ta Omega, Delta Sigma Theta, Engi-
neering Council, Forestry Club, Inter-
Cooperative Council, Interfraternity
Council, Inter - Racial Association,
Christian Fellowship (Michigan),
Lester Cooperative, Men's Judiciary
Council, Michigan Cooperative, Mi-
chigan League, Michigan Union,
Michigan Youth for Democratic Ac-
tion, Mortar Board, Mu Phi Epsilon.
Newman Club, Palmer Cooperative,
Panhellenic Association, Phi Delta
Epsilon, Philippine Michigan Club,
Pi Lambda Theta, Post-War Council,
Prescott Club, Quarterdeck Society,
Rho Chi, Robert Owen House, Roch-
dale Cooperative, Sailing Club (Mich-
Scroll, Senior Society, Sigma Alpha
Iota, Sigma Xi, Sociedad Hispanica,
Society of Women Engineers, Sphinx,
Stevens Cooperative, Student Relig-
ious Association, Triangles, Veterans
Organization, Vulcans, Women's Ath-
letic Association, Women's Glee Club,
Wyvern, World Student Service Fund
Com., Zeta Phi Eta.
Osa Johnson, famous explorer, will
be presented by the Oratorical Asso-
ciation this evening in a motion pic-
THE BOSTON Symphony Orchestra
presented. its twentieth concert
last evening for the music lovers of
Ann Arbor. Needless to say, these
very able musicians already are the
proud possessors of a reputation thst
places them above all major orches-
tras in this country. Few would
question their merit. Precision, vol-
ume, expert intonation are taken in
their stride without the slightest
effort. At times, a conductor seems
superfluous. But Serge Koussevitzky,
their brilliant conductor, is not to be
overlooked. Without him unity, ab-
solute control of dynamics, and sub-
tle interpretation would not be what
As far as performance was con-
cerned all compositions were execut-
ed with equal expertness. Because
of the majestic beauty of the Eroica.
it, is fitting to credit it with being
the most poetic work of the evening.
Since the peak of artistry made its
appearance so early in the program,
the remaining Schuman and Rimsky-
Korsakov numbers trailed behind as
A question of tempo may be a com-
ment raised by some authorities on
Beethoven. A retarded speed was
especially noticed in the last move-
ment of the Beethoven Symphony.
However, it's all a matter of quib-
bling over a detail that did not
tarnish the effect produced by Mr.
Koussevitzky's infallible workman-
A break in a concert of serious
literature was the spirited Sousa
march, The Stars and Stripes For-
ever. -Kay Enge
the subject, "Thomas Mann as a
Cultural Mediator" at 4:15 p.m.,
Wednesday, Dec. 13, in the Rackham
Amphitheater under the auspices of
the Department of Germanic Lan-
guages and Literatures. The public is
French Lecture: Professor Palmer
A. Throop of the Department of His-
t.ory, will -give the first of the French
lectures sponsored by the Cercle
Francais on Thursday, Dec. 14, at
4:10 p.m. in Rm. D, Alumni Memor-
ial Hall. The title of his lecture is:
"La Predication de la Croisade."
Tickets for the series of lectures
may be procured from the Secretary
of the.Department of Romance Lane-
uages (Rm. 112, Romance Language
Building or at the door at the time
of the lecture.
These lectures are open to the gen-
eral public. All serviceme are ad-
mitted free of charge to all lectures.
There will be a meeting of the
Prescott Club at 7 p.m. today in the
East Lecture Room in the Rackham
Building. Dr. F. F. Blicke will lec-
ture on "The Introduction of General
Anesthetics into Medicine." All who
are interested are cordially invited
Post-War Council meets at Lane
Hall today at 4:30. All those inter-
ested in the Council are invited to
attend. Please bring eligibility cards.
Sigma Rho Tau will meet tonight
at 7:30 p.m. in Rms. 319-323 in the
Michigan Union. Future possibilities
of jet propulsion will be discussed by
an inter-circle conference. Commit-
tee reports on the & pm. dinner with
after-dinner speeches for Dec. 19will
The Christian Science Students'
Organization meets tonight at 8:15
in the chapel of the Michigan League.
All are welcome to attend.
Assembly Board Meetings will be
held today at 5 p.m. Dormitory house
presidents meet in the Kalamazoo
Room. League House Presidents con-
sult League Bulletin Board for place
of meeting. If you cannot attend,
, please send a substitute.
"Junior Miss," recent successful
Broadway comedy, will open tomor-
row evening at 8:30 in the Lydia
Mendelssohn Theatre for four per-
formances only, tomorrow through
Saturday evenings. "Junior Miss"
will be presented by Play Production
of the Department of Speech. Tick-
ets are on sale daily at the theatre
Zoology Seminar: There will be a
meeting of the Zoology Club on
Thursday, Dec. 14 at 7:30 p.m. in the
Rackham Amphitheatre. Mr. Louis
Krumholtz will speak on "The pro-
ductivity, northward acclimatization
and use of the mosquito fish Gam-
busia affinis in mosquito control."
Botanical Seminar: Wednesday,
Dec. 13 at 4 p.m. Rm. 1139 N.S. Pro-
fessor W. C. Steere will speak on the
subject "Quinine-producing plants of
South America" (illustrated with col-
ored slides). Anyone interested may
La Sociedad liispanica has been
invited by the Newman Club to at-
tend a Latin-American program on
Wednesday, Dec. 13, at 8 in the base-
ment of Saint Mary's Chapel, corner
of Thompson and William Sts. This
Wards Halt War Production
"MONTGOMERY WARD'S refusal to abide by
the National War Labor Board order after
it has exhausted every legal avenue amounts to
anarchy. It is the company and not the workers
who are on strike."
That was the statement of August Scholle,
CIO regional director for Michigan, and it is a
clear statement of a clear case of management
halting production at a time when it is vitally
needed on the war fronts.
Wards' owns factories which produce carbu-
retors, propellors and gun mounts for military
aircraft as well as paints, varnish, fencing ma--y
terial and farm equipment and supplies.
Montgomery Ward, even after being taken
over by the army in April of this year as a
result of its refusal to comply with an WLB
directive, is not yet convinced of the authority
of our legal and constitutional government.
The CIO, unable to otherwise combat Mont-
gomery Ward's flouting of the WLB's two-year
old directive providing wage increases and other
benefits, has seen fit in this instance to life,
for the first time since Pearl Harbor, its "no-
Labor cannot be charged with a lack of
-sviam awve_ heo n-strike iledee
disputes would be established, and the WLB
was subsequently set up.
In the dispute between the United Retail,
Wholesale and Department Store Employees
(CIO) and Montgomery Ward, the board ruled
that wages should be increased from $2 to $5
a week and further provided for union mainten-
ance of membership, the check-off and arbitra-
tion of grievances.
The Board's rulings have been blandly ignored
by the Company, constituting a violation of
management's own "no-strike pledge."
Management shares the responsibility for
strikes (which amount to one-tenth of one
percent (.001) of all man hours lost) and it
is necessary that we, as citizens, know both
sides of the story.
By Crockett Johnson
I've hunted lions, and dragons, bears,
multi-headed serpentine monsters, and
squirrels ... But I've never run across
the animals you describe, O'Malley ..,
of sight like
I have it! .e..Orion,old pal, we'll lure
an ermine out of hiding!.. . With a Yes. I think I definitely
DECOY!... We'll build a likeness of can predict it. It snows
one of the huge white beasts. Out every winter, doesn't it-
nf SN("nWI nn; nfan i ;-yi;