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December 10, 1944 - Image 4

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The Michigan Daily, 1944-12-10

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Fifty-Fifth Year

Investigation of Lend-Lease



' f -, 1-, u~uw~~P --
Edited and managed by students of the University
Mchigan under the authority of the Board in Control
" Student Publications.

velyn Phillips
an Wallace
ay Dixon ,
ank Mantho
ave Loewenberg
avis Kennedy
e Amer
arbara Chadwick
mne Pomering

Editorial Stafff
-* . . . Managing Editor
. . . . . City Editor
. . . . .Asociatb Editor
Sports Editor
. . . Associate Sports Editor
Women's Editor
Business Staff

. .

. . .Business Manager
Associate Business Mgr.
* Associate Business Mgr.

Telephone 23-24-1
Member of The Associated Press
The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the use
for republication of all news dispatches credited to it or
otherwise credited in this newspaper. All rights of re-
publication of all other matters herein also reserved.
Entered at the Post Office at Ann Arbor, Michigan, as
second-class mail matter.
Subscriptions during the regular school year by car-
rier, $4.50, by mail, $5.25.
MAember, Associated Collegiate Press, 1943-44
National Advertising Service, Inc.
College Publishers Representative
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
Campus Veterans
THE AFTERMATH of war has created a new
type of collegian-the veteran. In certain
respects, he is set apart from the rest of the stu-
dents and feels out of key, because his experi-
ences in the service have altered his outlook on
The majority of these "has been G. .'s are
here at college with a hope of erradicating the
unpleasant memories of their lives in the ser-
vice. Often, these veterans shock us with em-
bittered philosophies, tempered with undue pes-
simism. Consequently, students, fortunate enough
to avoid sharing their unpleasant experiences,
take an attitude toward them of pity or disgust.
In any case, they segregate them as a special
group, rather than treat them as individuals.
To be sure, veterans often iook down upon
their colleagues as "inexperienced kids" with a
superior air of savior faire. But we must real-
ize, that we bring this situation upon ourselves.
Many of us cherish a pseudo belief that veterans
look down upon us because they feel that we
college students are slackers, if not. obstruction-
ist to the war effort. But we must do away with
this attitude because the fact is, the majority of
veterans look up to us for preserving a way of
life for them to come home to.
Without the existence of the foregoing sit-
uation, life is tough enough for the veteran.
Often he is negativistic to constructive criti-
cism and finds it difficult to discipline him-
self to the comparative quietude of concen-
trated study. Consequently, his lessons come
hard. However, the tragedies of their mili-
tary experiences have given them an idea of
what they don't want and they are more
purposeful and sincere in their attitude
towards higher education.

WASHINGTON, Dec. 9-Administration lead-
ers aren't shouting about it, but they are
not at all happy over Congressional rumblings
of an investigation of Lend-Lease. There has
been under-cover talk of such an investigation
for some time, but now it seems likely to come
to a definite head sometime during the next
One thing which has renewed talk of a probe
is the British proposal to use some Lend-Lease
goods for re-export in order to build up British
trade. This was discussed by Lord Keynes when
he was in Washington to renew the Lend-Lease
Another factor disturbing Congress is the re-
ported misuse of Lend-Lease goods in various
areas. Authentic reports have come back re-
garding Italian work battalions employed by
the British to remove American trademarks from
goods and apply British trademarks before they
are distributed in Italy.
Still another report reaching the State De-
partment involves a request from the Iraq
Government for 100 trucks and tractors. Be-
cause of American military shortages, the re-
quest was refused. Whereupon U. S. officials
were amazed to find that Iraq got the trucks
and tractors from the British. The British
had lend-leased them from the United States,
then magnanimously turned them over to the
Iraq Government at our expense and for their
own diplomatic benefit.
The U. S. official who has written the most
scathing reports on British misuse of Lend-
Lease is Maj. Gen. Patrick J. Hurley, newly ap-
pointed Ambassador to China. Strongly second-
ing him is James Landis, U. S. economic mini-
ster to the Near East.
Something in Return ..+
THERE IS A growing feeling that, with the
American Army now bearing the brunt of the
fighting, the pressing need for Lend-Lease to
both England and Russia is diminishing and
that, before we turn over Lend-Lease goods for
British re-export we should get something in
return-such as a pledge that Britain will re-
vise its policies in Greece, Italy, Belgium and
Ethiopia, where British imperialism has kept
those countries in a political ferment.
While the United States is not directly in-
terested in the politics of Greece, Italy and
Belgium, it is an unfortunate fact that we
are getting part of the blame for British
policy-because U. S. arms and Lend-Lease
munitions are used by the British in these
NOTE-Congressional investigators want espe-
cially to probe certain letters written by Secre-
tary of State Ed Stettinius when he was Lend-
Lease Administrator, reportedly taking his plati-
num hair down and giving his shirt away to the
Rockefeller and the French . .
FRENCH officials have been smoldering over
the fact that Nelson Rockefeller's Office of
the CIAA has been subsidizing Genevieve Ta-
bopis' paper, "Pour La Victoire," by sending
thousands of copies to Latin America.
Until recently, Madame Tabouis consistently
opposed de Gaulle and, according to the Free
French, supported any and every French group
except that of de Gaulle. Despite that, Mme.
Tabouis two years ago concluded an arrange-
ment with Nelson Rockefeller, naive newly ap-
pointed Assistant Secretary of State, for the
weekly purchase of thousands of copies of her
paper, to be distributed among French-speaking
people in Latin America.
Because of the Rockefeller subsidy, thou-
sands of Frenchmen got the impression that
what Tabouis wrote represented the official
view of the U. S. on the French situation and
this has led to confusion and mystery below
the Rio Grande.
Some Congressmen who have heard of the
Tabouis-Rockefeller arrangement wonder how
we were able to spare newsprint for anti-de-
Gaullist propaganda in Latin America while ra-
tioning newsprint to publishers in the U. S. A.
Financial Aid for Congress . ..
THE DEFICIENCY bill before the House of
Representatives carries an innocent-looking
provision for increasing the Congressional al-

lowance for clerk hile from $6,500 per year to
This is an indirect method of giving a slight
salary-expense lift to Congressmen.
Actually, Government experts outside of Con-
gress long have recognized that Congressional
salaries are too low. With the cost of living up,
with campaign expenses increased, and with
other wages throughout the country upped, Con-
gressional salaries remain stationary. Few Con-
gressmen can live and support a family on what
they get from Uncle Sam alone.
But you can hardly find one scared legislator
willing to whisper about a salary boost, in view
of the furore which broke forth throughout the
country several years ago when a pension for
Congressmen was voted.
That is the reason for the increased approp-
riation for clerk hire. Actually, though the boost
is deserved, it will probably mean more nepotism
or more salary kick-backs from clerks. (Kick-
backs were what defeated Congressman Kleberg
of Texas, owner of America's largest ranch,
when this columnist disclosed that two 12-year-
old page boys and one Capitol usher were re-

quired to kick back part of their salaries to
Kleberg's office.
The new appropriation also permits the
payment of $5,000 a year to one clerk, whereas
the present salary limit for one individual is
$3,900. This may increase nepotism. Many
Congressmen put their wives or relatives on.
the payroll-sometimes with the wife more
than earning her salary, but frequently with
the wife or relative absent from the office most
of the time. Mrs. Martin Dies, for instance,
wife of the Congressman from Texas, is draw-
ing $3,900 a year but has not been in Washing-
ton for perhaps half of the Congressional term.
Under the new provision, she could get $5,000
-only Martin won't be back here any more.
However, with Congressional salaries low and
living expenses up, this sort of nepotism some-
times is almost essential if a Congressman does
not have an outside income.
NOTE-Economy-minded Congressman Jack
Cochran, chairman of the House Accounts Com-
mittee, is supporting this new provision for in-
creasing the allowance for Congressional clerk
hire. It is also being supported by the leaders
of both parties. Cochran planned his strategy
in consultation with Speaker Sam Rayburn and
Republican leader Joe Martin after the provision
had been proposed by Rep. Leo Allen of Illinois,
ranking Republican on the Accounts Committee.
War Bonds
Every time I buy a War
Bond, I think of my grand-
father. Born in Germany,
in 1829, he took part in the
1848uprising against the
despotic Bavarian govern-
Sment. The fight was lost,
he was taken prisoner and,
upon his release, he emi-
grated to America. A penni-
RICE less boy of twenty-one,
knowing no word of English, he settled in a
small town in Pennsylvania, and, before long,
became a respected member of his community.
He never grew rich, but he managed to pro-
vide comfortably, for his family and for his
old age. He lived to be ninety-three and to see
his children, his grandchildren and his great-
grandchildren grow up in peace and in security.
Always, he blessed the day he set foot on Ameri-
can soil, and, from my earliest childhood, he in-
stilled in me a deep love of America and vivid
sense ofnthe contrast between the harsh tyranny
of his native Germany and the free institutions
of his adopted land.
I have often wondered what would have be-
come of us, his descendants, if he had not felt
that urge to seek freedom here. How many would
have been ground ruthlessly to death, in the ser-
vice of the German war-machine? How many
tortured to death in German concentration
camps? And would the fate of the survivors
have been much better: enslaved, terrorized,
robbed of their rights and liberties, afraid to call
their souls their own?
I am grateful to my grandfather for com-
ing to America; and grateful to the America
that welcomed him and gave him a long life
and a happy old age. I like to think that each
War Bond I buy discharges a tiny fraction of
that debt of gratitude.
Every American can discover, in his own
family record, someone who came to this land,-
twenty years ago or two hundred years-to find
freedom and opportunity. No true American
can afford to neglect that debt of gratitude.
To Latin America
THERE IS something attractive in the report
,that Henry Wallace may be sent to Latin
America "to work on sore-spots." The j'ob is
surpassingly important. Wallace is popular
throughout the hemisphere. His intention is
friendly and most of the time, his instincts are
sound. He knows agriculture, the main South
American occupation, inside out.
Wallace is a true democrat; Latin America
needs to see breathing examples of true democ-
racy from this country. And, philosopher though

he undoubtedly is, he has often been right when
the political materialists were wrong. In short,
he would be a good man for this big job.
-St. Louis Post-Dispatch
On Second Thought . .
CIGARETTES may now be wrapped with alum-
inum foil and cellophane. Both the pack-
ages and customers are foiled again.
And then there is the smoker who is tired
of looking for cigarettes. In fact, he's all
fagged out.
Stettinius reorganizes the State Department
and Crisler is planning to do the same with the
Ohio State department.
So many millionaires are being appointed to
posts in the State Department that it is begin-
ning to look like a renewal of dollar diplomacy.
The Siegfried Line is penetrated at so many
points, that it seems as though the Allies are
going to use it as a sample for the dotted line
Hitler will be expected to sign.

MUCH of the savagery Carl Van1
Dorn claims is implicit in "Gulli-l
ver's Travels" may be detected upon
reading Book I-A Voyage To Lilli-
put. In it Jonathan Swift lampoons
the court life and manners of Britain
with biting satire. If there is a top
layer in this book of straight narra-
tive and a substratum devoted to
England, there is something beneath
both of these and it expresses what
may be called an anti-mankind at-,
By creating a literary vacuum and
pouring into it the worst character-
istics of that civilization which he
despised, Swift succeeded in accen-
tuating his social criticism to a sharp
and incisive point.
When an emperor of Lilliput
wishes to fill the office left vacant by
a minister's death, he has the candi-
dates entertain him with rope danc-
ing and high jumping. Swift himself,
never the type who truckled to au-
thority, did not, presumably, dance
or jump with sufficient dexterity to
attain the status of bishop, though it
was this he desired all his life.
The pygmy emperor, whose domain
is twelve miles in circumference, re-
fers to himself in the manner of all
kings as "taller than the sons of men;
whose feet press down to the center
of the earth and whose head strikes
against the sun, etc." In Lilliput the
great cause of internal strife is:
should eggs be broken on the smaller
or the larger end? One emperor, Gul-
liver learns, issued an edict com-
manding all his subjects to break the
smaller ends of their eggs. This
caused six rebellions-there being
many unregenerate Big-Enders in
the Empire. This is Swift's way of
symbolizing the pettiness of human
affairs, the ridiculous unimportance
of their disputes.
When the Queen's castle is on
fire, Gulliver saves it in the most
expedient manner imaginable-but,
by so doing, violates a law of the
realm. Translated, this means that
when a man has performed some
"eminent piece of service" and is
thus invulnerable on that score,
his enemies will attack the method
he used rather than the praise-
worthy end he achieved. Swift was
also probably alluding to Queen
Ann who, it seems was responsible
for blocking his admission to high
ecclesiastical office. There is of
course much subjectivity in Swift's
outlook upon life.
SOMETIMES the dour Dean takes
a direct polk at British woman-
hood. He explains the uniqueness of
Lilliputian handwriting. It goes, he
says, neither from the right to the
left nor from the left to the right; it
reads neither from up to down nor
from down to up; but "aslant from
one corner of the paper like (the style
of) ladies in England."
The intrigue against Gulliver
(could Swift have had persecutory
delusions), the jealousy of imperial
favorites, the connivance and chic-
anery that pile up, the chauvinism of
little men with no vision: these are
commentaries on society and the de-
praved species that created it.
One is inclined to believe that
Swift speaks for himself when he
takes notice of the Lilliputian belief,
"that men and women are joined to-
gether like other animals, by the mo-
tives of concupiscence "-that there-
fore "a child is under no obligation
to his father for begetting him or his
mother for bringing him into the
world." From this it is concluded that
the state, not the family, should raise
children, an interestingly Platonic
opinion though it stems from alto-
gether different premises. Propaga-

tion is in itself, at any rate, no bene-
fit "considering the miseries of hu-
man life."
At times the author uses his char-
acters as a mouthpiece for himself
and at other times merely as a story-
telling device. Both reveal the pro-
foundest misanthropy in English
Shall we then read Gulliver's
Travels" simply for its ingenious
narrative qualities as Mr. Van
Doren conjures us to do and as
generations of children have done?
To do so if we are at all hard
minded is to deny ourselves one of
the richest, if one of the most
devastating, experiences cultured
individuals can have-as we don
our intellectual blinkers and refuse
to observe the bestiality of man.
The President is to be commend-
ed of this designation of Donald M.
Nelson as his "personal envoy" with
Cabinet rank. Such a designation,
corresponding to the British one of
Minister without Portfolio, is novel
to our experience, the service of Nor-
man H. Davis as "Ambassador-at-
large" under Presidents Hoover and
Roosevelt being perhaps the nearest
-St. Louis Post-Dispatch

Ilrwlrrrrlllrrr III nil rl Irr rM r IIIr1 III YYrIrMBw l1 r
1 _ ..'i



BISHOP Soderblom, a rare ecclesi-
astical statesman of Sweden
long-advocated the necessity oi
knitting together great bands of un-
derstanding among all Protestants
Catholic and Orthodox in the hope of
an active - federation. Dr. Alber;
Sweitzer of Africa, theologian, physi-
cian, musician, missionary, in hi:
"Contemporary English Theology,'
said that we moderns must "take the
ethical religion of Jesus out of the
setting of his world view and put ii
in our own" and thus "make the
Kingdom of God a reality in thi:
world by works of love." These the-
ologians detect the imperfections of
liberalism. They are inclined tc
charge our chaos as much to the lack
of faith and man's reliance on hu-
manism as to the political uncer-
tainty which leaves us with a basket-
ful of definitions of democracy but nc
genuine will to serve the Christiar
purpose and produce a democratic
The rejoinder by the great libera{
such as the late William Temple of
Britain and W. E. Hocking of the
United States, would be that "sci-
ence itself does not start merely b3
trying to get what we want. Science
has its high origin \in devotion to
something greater than itself, the
disinterested love of truth, from
which, as from an overflowing foun-

tam, come all its practical results."
(Living Under Tensions, Fosdick, p.
They would insist first that all
has come from the universe, and
that somehow some of the driving
forces of human nature are pres-
ent in the very pursuit of knowl-
edge. However high the individual
climbs, he finds that he has farther
to go and must go farther. All this
is true with regard to the develop-
ment of personality. "He is forced
to the conclusion that it is so in
cdnection withthe physical and
spiritual universes which have
somehow converged in order to
bring forth his being." (W. Tudor
Jones, Reality of the Idea of God,
p. 119.)
This proposes three phases of one
question: first, whether scientific, po.
itical and psychological contribu-
;ions are to be feared and renounced
is corroding egoism shown in exhi-
bitions of power, or, secondly,
all this is entirely neutral or, thirdly,
wvhether scientific values are to be ac-
;epted frankly as spiritual attain-
:nent and used by all men and insti-
tutions as new revelations of the In-
Such are the old and new step-
ping stones by which man may
climb above every evil, to new
heights of the soul. And collectively
attained the noblest social good.
Edward W. Blakeman
Counselor in Religious Education
University df Michigan




SUNDAY, DEC. 10, 1944
VOL. LV, NO. 34
All notices for The Daily Official Bul-
letin are to be sent to the Office of the
Assistant to the President, 1021 Angell
Hall, in typewritten form by 3:30 p. m.
of the day preceding its publication,
except on Saturday when the notices
should be submitted by 11:30 a. m.
Faculty Tea: Pres. and Mrs. Ruth-
ven will be at home to members of
the faculty and other townspeople
Sunday, Dec. 10, from 4 to 6 o'clock.
Cars may park in the restricted zone
on South University between 4:00
and 6:30 p.m..
To All Members of the University
Senate: The first regular meeting of
the University Senate for the current
school year will be held on Monday,
Dec. 11, at 4:15 p.m. in the Rackham
Amphitheatre. The agenda is as
Report of the Senate Advisory
Committee on University Affairs-
A. D. Moore, Chairman.
Election of Three Members of the
Senate Advisory Committee on Uni-
versity Affairs.
Report on Contracts with the
Armed Forces - Professor M. L.
Statement by President Alexander
G. Ruthven.
Health Service Clinic Hours: There
is a tendency for students to over-
crowd the general clinic during late
afternoon hours. Early hours in the
forenoon are much freer and stu-
dents are advised to use them when
possible to insure prompt and satis-
factory attention.
Warren E. Forsythe, M.D.
Director, Health Service
Choral Union Members whose at-
tendance records are clear, will please
call for courtesy tickets admitting to
the Boston Symphony Orchestra
concert Monday, Dec. 11, between
the hours of 9:30 and 11:30, and 1
and 4, at the offices of the University
Musical Society in Burton Memorial
Tower. After 4 o'clock no tickets will
be issued.
Osa Johnson, famous explorer, will
be presented by the Oratorical As-
sociation Tuesday evening in a mo-
tion picture lecture "African Para-
dise and the Solomons." Miss John-
son will speak in Hill Auditorium at
8:30 p.m. Tickets may be purchased
at the auditorium box office tomor-
row from 10-1 and.2-5; Tuesday from
10-1, 2-8:30.
French Lecture: Professor Palmer
A. Throop of the Department of His-
tory, will give the first of the French
lectures sponsored by the Cercle
Francais on Thursday, Dec. 14, at
4:10 p.m. in Room D, Alumni Mem-
orial Hall. The title of his lecture is:
"La Predication de la Croisade."
Tickets for the series of lectures
may be procured from the Secretary
of the Department of Romance Lan-
guages (Room 112, Romance Lan-
guage Building) or at the door at the
time of the lecture.
These lectures are open to the gen-
eral public. All servicemen are ad-
mitted free of charge to all lectures.
Charles E. Koella.

Wednesday, Dec. 13, in Room 319
West Medical Building. All interested
are invited.
Physical Education for Women:
Registration for the second season of
physical education classes will be
held in Barbour Gymnasium on Fri-
day, Dec. 15 from 8:30 to 12:30, 1:30
to 5:30, and Saturday, Dec. 16 from
8:30 to 12:00. All students planning
to take physical education courses
should register at this time.
Choral Union Concert: The Boston
Symphony Orchestra, Serge Kousse-
vitzky, Conductor, will give the sixth
concert in the Choral Union Series,
Monday evening, Dec. 11., at 8:30 in
HiAU Auditorium. The following pro-
gram will be heard: Symphony No. 3,
Beethoven; Prayer in Time of War,
William Schuman; and Rimsky-Kor-
sakov's Suite from "Tsar of Saltan.
A limited number of standing room
tickets are still available at the offi-
ces of the University Musical Society,
Burton Memorial Tower.
Events Today
Student Recital: David Holland,
organist, will present a recital in par-
tial fulfillment of the requirements
for the Master of Music degree at
4:15 p.m. His program will include
compositions by de Chambionnieres,
Handel, Bach, Karg-Elert, Benoit
and Purvis, and will be open to the
Michigan Christian Fellowship:
The regular Sunday meeting will be
hfld at 4:30 in Lane Hall. Christmas
carols will be sung to prepare for
the carolling party of next week.
There will be refreshments and a
social hour following the meeting.
Wesleyan Guild meeting at 5 p.m.
Prof. Kenneth G. Hance will be the
speaker. Supper and fellowship hour
following the meeting.
The Congregational-Disciples Guild
will meet at 5:00 p.m. at the Disciples
Church, Hill and Tappan, for a dis-
LIVING. Miss Rachel Shileds will
lead the closing worship service.
The Navy Choir will sing for the
International Center at 7:30 p.m. in
Rm. 316 in the Michigan Union.
Hillel Foundation will feature Mr.
Albert Cohen of the Jewish Voca-
tional Service f Detroit, tonight, at
8. Mr. Cohen will discuss "Occupa-
tional Trends Today and After the
War." Illustrating the lecture will be
a technicolor film, "Michigan on the
Students in Education: Honorable
Eugene B. Elliott, State Superintend-
ent of Public Instruction, will speak
on "The School Plant and Financial
Support of the Schools" in the UHS
Auditorium on Tuesday, Dec. 12, at
1 o'clock. At 2 o'clock students of
A10 will provide an assembly pro-
gram. All students of Education are
There will be a meeting of the
Prescott Club at 7 p.m., on Tuesday,
Dec. 12, in the East Lecture Room in
the Rackham Building. Dr. F. F.
Blicke will lecture on "The Intro-
duction of General Anesthetics into
Al... ..



-Sylvan M
Foreign Policy

. Berman


OUR STATE Department has taken a stand on
foreign policy! The United States is no
longer only a nation apathetically looking on as
Churchill smothers all liberal and democratic
elements trying to arise in the governments in
liberated Europe.
"We expect the Italians to work out their
problems of government along democratic lines
without influence from the outside," Secretary
of State Edward R. Stettinius stated in his first
declaration on foreign policy in his new office.
The statement was a straightforward rebuke of
the British "veto" of Count Carlo Sforza, sym-
bol of anti-Fascism in Italy, as Foreign Mini-j
ster of Italy.
The United States' position applies "to an
even more pronounced degree with regard to
'governments of the United Nations in their
liberated territories."j
Perhaps Churchill will hear our State De-
partment's declaration more clearly than he
has heard the cries against his Metternichian
policy from members of his Parliament and
other people of his own country.
-N'yra Sacks
Germans Protest
WE DON'T know whether to chuckle or become
angry at the dispatch telling of Gernan
nnte ent to England and the U. S. protesting


Haw did this pitfall get here?
It's a menace to life and limb!

We started to dig a pit to trap
an ermine. But now that you're
here, Orion, you'll get it for us-

I haven't done much hunting
recently, O'Malley. Not since
the East Olympus Field and
StreanmCl iua edu. nSo-

By Crockett Johnson
Orion's old prowess will all
come back, m'boy. A refresher
course, under my futelage-



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