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December 10, 1944 - Image 1

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1944-12-10

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LET'S FINISH
THE JOB-
BUY EXTRA
BONDS TODAYI

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gl~Afr 3f

4kv

WEATHER
Cloudy and cold, with
occasional snow flurries

VOL. LV, No. 34 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, SUNDAY, DEC. 10, 1944

PRICE FIVE CENTS

Yanks

Pound

Saar

Valley

Fortifications

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Reds Strike

Budapest From

Three

Sides

Near Last
Rail Outlet
For Nazis
Danube Reached 13
Miles Above Capital
WAR AT A GLANCE
By The Associated Press
WESTERN FRONT-Third Ar-
my troops drive deeper into Sieg-
fried Line, other Allied armies con-
tinue slow progress against des-
perate opposition.
PACIFIC FRONT-Japs suffer
heavy losses in south half of West-
ern Leyte. Tokyo reports new
raids on Jap capital.
RUSSIAN FRONT-Budapest
nearly encircled. Magyar govern-
ment has fled.
GREECE-ELAS resistance con-
tinues.
By The Associated Press
LONDON, Dec. 9-Budapest was
almost three-quarters encircled to-
night as Russian troops in major
break-throughs north and southwest
of the capital drove to within 15
miles of the last Nazi rail escape
route from the Hungarian capital
from which the Magyar Government
had fled. -
Premier-Marshal Stalin in an or-
der of the day said that Marshal
Rodion Y. Malinovsky's second Uk-
rame Army had reached the Danube
13 miles north of the capital, cut-
ting the Budapest-Bratislava-Vienna
Railway by the capture of VAC, and
racing clear up to the old Czechoslo-
vakian border through captured Bal-
assagyarmat, 36 miles northeast of
the capital's outskirts.
Drive Farther
Driving to within 89 miles of Bra-
tislava, Slovak capital, and to with-
in 119 miles of Vienna, Malinovsky's
troops broke through German lines
on a 75-mile front, Stalin said. They
appeared to be dashing toward Au-
stria along the Danube without wait-
ing the fall of Budapest.
While this northern flanking op-
eration was in progress, other Soviet
forces which had crossed the Dan-
ube River and captured Ercsi, 13 miles
southwest of Budapest, linked up
with the onrushing third Ukraine
Army of Marshal Feodor I. Tolbukhin
at Valenezeito Lake, 22 miles south-
west of Budapest, the Moscow an-
nouncement said.
Stronghold Collapsed
This six-mile-long lake, 12 miles
west of the Eresi bridgehead, reaches
to within four miles northeast of
Szekesfehevar, last big Axis strong-
hold southwest of Budapest whose
collapse or military nullification ap-
peared to be imminent.
The fall or by-passing of Szekes-
fehervar would release a large share
of Tolbukhin's forces for another di-
rect drive on Vienna, 85 miles to the
northwest, an operation which also
would eventually cut off Budapest.
In the junction at Valenczeito Lake
the Russians had cut the Budapest-
Szekesfehervar trunk railway, and at
captured Ercsi they were only 15
air-line miles from the last rail route
leading westward from the capital.
CAMPUS EVENTS
Today Navy Chorus will sing at
7:30 p. m. in Rm. 316 in
the Michigan Union.
Today David Hollandwillngive
organ recital at 4:15 p.m.

in Hill Auditorium.
Today Albert Cohen, Hillel lec-
turer, will speak at 8 p.m.
in Hillel Foundation As-
sembly Room.
Dec. 11 Boston Symphony Orche-
stra, under Serge Kous-
sevitzky, will be heard in
the Choral Union con-
cert at 8:30 p. m. in Hill
Auditorium.
rn 11 PrPanntt Clh meetine at

Galenls Quota
Over-Subscribed.
For the second straight year, the
Galens have oversubscribed their
quota by $500 in their annual drive
to raise funds to maintain the
children's'workship at University
hospital.
In the two-day sale of tags con-
cluded yesterday, the Galens re-~
ceived $3,541 in contributions from
students and townspeople, Robert
Ideson, Med '45, chairman of the
drive, revealed last night. Their
goal was $3,000.1
"I am more than grateful for
the fine way in which everyone has
responded to our appeal," Ideson
declared.
Most of the money collected will
serve to keep up the workshop,
which was set up in 1927 to give
children confined to the hospitalE
a chance to relieve idle hours of
recuperation through woodworking
projects. The Galens, members of
the honorary medical society, also
provide a near-complete children's
library as part of their special edu-
cation work at the hospital.
U' Bond Quota
c Wthin ight,'
Says Committee
Announcement Places
Total at $82,312,
$18,000 from Goal
Announcement of an all-inclusive
University bond total yesterday
placed War Bond sales at $82,312,
within $18,000 of the University
quota.
The total exceeded earlier figures
by about $40,000, and indicated,
members of the University War Bond
committee said, that Michigan's
$100,000 quota was "in sight."
Earlier figures had included only
sales made by Bond Belles of the
Junior Girls' Project but the new
total was made up of purchases dir-
ectly at the Cashier's Office, through
BOND BOX
We have. . .
County ..... . ... $7,434,286
University ...........: $,82,312
We need ...
County .."............729,714
University ...........$ 17,688
the University payroll savings plan
and through other purchases credited
to the University total.
The largest part of the sales were
attributed to the "splendid efforts"
of the Bond Belles, who solicited
about $47,000 of the total sales. Con-
sisting of 637 separate sales, the total
represents the cash value of Series E
bonds only.
Committee members stated that
they "were sure that the quota can
be reached and the University will
again go over the top."
Meanwhile, County purchases had
less than one million dollars to go to
exceed their quota of $8,164,000 be-
fore the Sixth War Loan Drive closes
Saturday. The present total is
$7,434,286.

U.S.

Third Army

Hitsig
Stubborn Nazi Resistance Costs Enemy
Equivalent of 17 Divisions in 3 Weeks
By The Associated Press
SHAEF. PARIS, Dec. 9-U. S. Third Army troops slugged deeper
into the Siegfried line fortifications around the Saar basin today while
other Allied armies on the Western front continued their slow progress
against desperate opposition.
The stubborn German resistance along the entire front, the Allied
Supreme Command said, cost the enemy the equivalent of 17 divisions
in the first three weeks of,the current winter offensive.
There was heavy fighting all along the.Third Army line.
The 26th Division cracked the Siegfried defenses near Achen,
seven miles southeast of Sarreguemines, and joined the 35th Division
on the east bank of the Saar River for a drive from the south on the
rich Saarland, already under attack from the west.

.L

MOVING UP-Misty rain and smoke from bursting shells blanket these British soldiers as they move up
along a muddy road during the assault across the W essem Canal in the Netherlands.
ORATORICAL ASSOCIATION LECTURE:
Osa Johnson, Author and Explorer To Speak
On- Jungle Paradise of Africa and Solo mons

"African Paradise and the Solo-
mons, her most recent films, willbe
shown by Osa Johnson, explorer and
author, when she makes her personal
appearance for the Oratorical Asso-
ciation at 8:30 p.m. Tuesday in Hill
Auditoium.
The story of the Johnsons' four-
year stay in the heart of the African
jungle, where their only neighbors
for one hundred miles were thous-
ands of elephants and other big
game, "African Paradise," was filmed
Cohen To Talk
On Employment
Opportunities
Delivering the first of a series of
three lectures, Albert Cohen of the
B'nai Brith Vocational Guidance Ser-
vice, Detroit, will speak on "Job Op-
nr-nii~~c'Tnia ad'I f or tha War

just prior to the death of her hus-
band, Martin Johnson.
The picture comes simultaneous-
ly with her new book, "Four Years
in Paradise," and a sequel to "I
Married Adventure." It represents
a continuation of the life work the
Johnson began together, filming
the world's vanAshing wild life,
both animal and human.
This task was halted four years
ago by an airplane crash on the
Pacific coast which took Martin
Johnson's life and narrowly missed
claiming that of his widow. Mrs.
Johnson is continuing their work
and as soon as the war is over, will
do another African safari, the first
ever undertaken by a woman.
"The Solomons," based on her
book, "Bride in the Solomons," in-
cludes the story and pictures of the
cannibals of the islands. Mrs. John-
son can not only vouch for the man-
eating activities of the natives, but
has a pictorial record of their rites.
During her travels in the Solo-

cite fifth columnist activities in
progress at the time of her trip.
Mrs. Johnson tells the story of the
excellent Japanese tailor, Ishimoto,
at Tulagi, the seat of government of
the Solomons. He was interested in
photography and had exceptionally
fine photographic equipment. He also
had a boat, a trim little ketch, which
he used in his free time for making
trips to Savo, Guadalcanal and more
distant points.
When the Marines took the Guad-
alcanal beaches, among the Japanese
dead was a General Ishimoto, a very
able general, selected by the Jap-
anese High Command because of
his thorough knowledge of the area.,
Peace Possible
In Greek War
ELAS General Reported
To Have Surrendered
ATHENS, Dec. 9.-(P)--A general
of the ELAS forces, whose conflict
with the regularcgovernmentand
British troops turned Athens into a
civil war battleground, was reported
to have surrendered tonight, while
liberals who have been acting as
mediators indicated that peace might
be restored to the capital by tomor-
row or Monday.
The name of the surrendering gen-
eral was not announced. The report
of his capitulation came even as
additional ELAS units were massing
outside the city.
Dmitri Lambrakis, an independent
liberal and publisher of the news-
paper, Eleutheron Vina, said he had
been consulting all day as inter-
mediary between the moderates, dis-
senting extremists and government
leaders in an effort to stop the armed
clashes and find a solution to the
nation's political problems.

The Western
Front Today
CANADIAN FIRST ARMY:
Captured holdout fort below Maas
in Holland. Front unchanged
elsewhere.
BRITISH SECOND ARMY:
Front before Venlo in Holland
unchanged.
U.S. NINTH ARMY: Front un-
changed along Roer; smashed last
to pockets at Julich.
U.S. FIRST ARMY: Captured
two new heights between Julich
and Duren on the Roer.
U.S. THIRD ARMY: Fought
house to house in Saareguemines;
battered into Siegfried Line above
Saarlautern; drove on Saarbru-
cken.
U.S. SEVENTH ARMY: Closed
up to Rhine above Strasbourg;
shelled, Siegfried Line from :point
4 miles from Reich frontier.
FRENCH FIRST ARMY: Driv-
ing north from Mulhouse on Col-
mar, narrowed German escape gap
to 22 miles.

Qt
c
r
S
1
1
I

por tumties .Loday ana a er U wa- V oa ons she was made aware of Jap-
at 8 p. m. today at the Hillel Founda- s
tion Assembly room. anese plans for aggression and can
The employment outlook in various
professional fields, based on the lat- Deferred Men
est available information, will be dis-e
cussed by Cohen.
The talk will be followed by the I 10 e raite ,
technicolor motion picture, "Michi-l
gan on the March," depicting the WASHINGTON, Dec. 9 - (A) -
University's role in the war effort. Drafting of men aged 26 to 37 as re-
This film has been shown to various placements for soldiers and sailors
alumni groups throughout the state released to manpower-short war
and was seen at the recent annual plants was ordered tonight.
convention of the University Press. War mobilization director James
Club. F. Byrnes asked this step as the gov-
Last March, Cohen lectured at Hil- ernment drove to get 300,000 needed1
lel on "Trends and the Future Out- workers into war industries and
look in Employment Discrimination" bring lagging production of critical
at which time he stated that there materials up to schedule.
will be a great need for doctors and In another move, the Army asked
lawyers after the war. During subse- and secured an agreement for a 7-
quent visits to the University, Cohen day work week for four months in
conducted vocational aptitude and plants manufacturing truck tires and
interests tests which were taken by a tubes, products which the army lists
group of approximately 30 students. among its most important shortages.

l
l"
l
i
t
3

Yank. Attacks
Hampered
Rain Torrents
MAC ARTHUR'S HEADQUAR-
TERS, Philippines, Dec. 10. (Sun-
day)--(P)-The two American infan-
try divisions south of Ormoc con-
centrated yesterday on the sizeable
job of destroying Japanese troops
pocketed there, but torrents of rain
hampered the operations.
Gen. Douglas MacArthur's com-
munique today said the 77th division,
which was landed there behind the
enemy's Yamashita line in a surprise
move three days ago, was probing
southward, toward the cornered Jap-
anese force.
Drive Forward
On the south side of the pocket,
the 77th U.S. division drove forward
three miles, capturing Albuera, term-
inus of a road crossing Leyte Island
from east to west.
The trapped enemy force was being
squeezed into an ever-narrowing area
and his losses were heavy, MacArthur
said.
North of Ormoc, where the rain
was the worst, the American 32nd
division kept up its pressure against
the enemy, capturing a nfield battery
and large dumps of munitions and
supplies.
Navy Chorus
To Sing Today
Appearing for the first time this
semester, the Navy Chorus will pre-
sent a program of light classical
music at the regular International
Center Sunday evening entertain-

Advances Continue
The Fifth Division, operating south
of Saarlautern, continued its advance
and reached the junction of the Saar
and Roselle rivers.
The Sixth Armored Division wiped
out an enemy salient three miles deep
and two miles wide located five miles
southeast of Saarbrucken.
The 90th Division, pressing deeper
into the Siegfried line in the west-
ern Saar basin, seized the Dillingen
Railroad Station two miles north of
Saarlautern, and beat back enemy
counterblows inside Dillingen.
Stiff Resistance
The 26th Division was the first to
cross the Saar, breaking across last
month some 17 miles south of Sar-
reguemines, and since then has been
beating up the east bank. It ran
into stiff resistance at Achen, where
it came up against the old French
fortifications for the first time.
(The German Agency Transocean
declared the Third Army on that
front was attacking with six to ten
tank divisions and four mechanized
infantry divisions-far more than the
Allies have announced.)
Offensive Rolling
The U. S. Seenth Army kept the
Allied winter offensive rolling all the
way east to the Rhine with attacks
northwest of Haguenau within four
miles of Germany and was hacking at
the approaches to Haguenau itself.
The city is the most important enemy
base left in northern Alsace.
Snow blanketed the northern front,
where the U. S. Ninth Army smashed
the last two German pockets on the
Roer at Julich, and the U. S. First
Army edged closer to the' river some
18 miles south of Julich near Berg-
stein.
Split in British
House Foreseen
Hands-OfW Attitude
Threatened by Minority
LONDON, Dec. 9.-(IP)-A poten-
tially serious division among sup-
porters of Britain's coalition govern-
ment became apparent tonight de-
spite the House of Commons' vote of
confidence yesterday on Prime Min-
ister Churchill's determined policy
of "intervention to keep peace" in
liberated Europe.
The rank-and-file of the strong
minoritylabor party threatened to
adopt a "hands-off" attitude on
Churchill's handling of the rebellious
factions in Greece and on his denun-
ciation of Count Carlo Sforza of
Italy, although few- appeared ready
to break entirely with the coalition.
Prescott Club
To Hold Meeting
The Prescott Club of the College of
Pharmacy will commemorate the one-
hundredth anniversary of the use of
anesthesia at its meeting to be held
at 7 p. m. Tuesday in the East Lec-
ture Rm. of the Rackham building,
Dr. F. F. Blicke, professor of Phar-
maceutical Chemistry, will review the
history of the early development of

SERGE KOUSSEVITZKY TO CONDUCT:
Boston Symphony Concert Is Tomorrow

Serge Koussevitzky, who will con-
duct the Boston Symphony Orche-
stra at 8:30 p. m. tomorrow in Hill
Auditorium in the sixth Choral Un-
ion concert, is the orchestra's first
Russian conductor.
There was no musical life about the
small central Russian province of
Tver except from small visiting thea-
tricals. When his father opposed a
career of music, Koussevitzky ran
away and entered the Philharmonic
School in Moscow, as a scholarship
student of the double-bass. He soon

certs Koussevitzky" with his own
orchestra in Paris. Here, and by
guest performances in London and
other cities, western Europe came
to know him.
He came to America in 1924 to lead
the Boston Symphony Orchestra. His
span of years covers more than a
quarter of the Orchestra's history
and far exceeds that of any previous
conductor.
The inception of the Orchestra is
traceable to the realization of a young
Bntonian studnt nf music in Vien-

important part of its yearly itin-
erary.
It has established at Tanglewood,
its beautiful estate, the Berkshire
Music Center. The school posesses
its own student orchestra and chorus,
and departments for conducting, mu-
sical composition, and operatic inter-
pretation. The faculty is drawn from
members of the orchestra, and from
colleges and schools of music.
In its sixty years the Orchestra
has attempted to encompass all that

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