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December 07, 1944 - Image 1

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Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1944-12-07

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DaiIu

WEATHER
Cloudy today with scattered
light showers.

VOL. LV, No. 31

ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, THURSDAY, DEC. 7, 1944

PRICE FIVE CENTS

Anglo-American

Rift

In

Policy

Widens

U.S.

Third

I

Rips into
Saarland

Pearl Harbor Memory
Spurs Bond Sales Today
JGP,Dorm Girls To Cover Campus
As County, University Total Soars

England
Affirms

I

Four Crossings
Forced in Saar
River Offensive
By The Associated Press
SHAEF, Paris, Dec. 6.-Troops of
Lt.-Gen. George S. Patton's U.S.
Third Army, having forced four new
crossings, poured across the Saar
River at six points today, captured
two-thirds of the border city of
Saareguemines and tightened their
siege of shell-blasted Saarbrucken,
capital of the rich Saarland.
The latest crossings in the Ameri-
can threat to the rich Saar industrial
area were made approximately two
miles north of Saarlautern, where
infantrymen of the 90th division
fought their way into Dillingen on
the river's east bank.
95th Fights at Bridgeheads
The 95th division, meanwhile, bat-
tied to extend the two original
bridgeheads, one in Saarlautern itself
and the other south of the city, in
the face of continuous artillery fire.
Field dispatches tonight said the
35th infantry had overrun all of
Saareguemines on the west bank of
the Saar after house-to-house fight-
ing and were raking fleeing Nazis on
the east bank with artillery fire.
Saareguemines, largest French city
in the Saar, with a population of
14,000 normally, is situated nine miles
southeast of Saarbrucken. German
troops blew up all five bridges across
the Saar before retreating to the east
bank. Other Yank troops reached
the Saar above and below the city.
Saarbrucken Threatened
As this threat to Saarbrucken de-
veloped swiftly from the southeast,
the 90th infantry division made four
new assault boat crossings of the
Saar between Saarlautern and Mer-
zig, north of the two original bridge-
heads now being driven deeper into
the concrete defenses of the Siegried
Line on the east bank.
Patrols of the 10th armored divi-
sion also thrust across the Saar
north of Merzig as the pressure
steadily increased on the border of
the rich industrial region whose im-
portance to the Nazi war effort is
second only to that of the fabulous
Ruhr.
While forces of the Third Army's
left swarmed across the Saar and
fought into the hills beyond under a
hail of fire from the Siegfried Line;
other hard-hitting divisions on the
right rolled the Germans back as
much as seven miles along a 12-mile
front which reached deep into Saare-
guemines, nine miles southeast of
Saarbrucken. One spearhead was al,
most due east of Saareguemines and
within six miles of the Reich frontier.
Chen Talks on
Chinese Effort
Inadequate supply, largely the re-
sult of meager lend-lease, is responsi-
ble for the ineffectiveness of Chinese
resistance, Dr. Y, G. Chen, president
of Nanking University, said yesterday
at a University lecture sponsored by
the International Center and the
Committee on Inter-cultural rela-
tions in the Rackham Amphitheatre.
Describing China's internal dis-
iension as the product of the insta-
bility of her recent history following
the overthrow of the Manchu dynas-
ty, he said "While China has been
progressing slowly, pogress is made
difficult by the vastness of the coun-
try, but China's future promises
democracy."
He urged "an all-out educational
effort" to bring about not only do-
mestic, but international democracy.

CAMPUS EVENTS
Today Prof. Carl Becker of Cor-
nell delivers fourth Cook
Lecture at 4:15 p. m. in
the Rackham Amphi-
theatre.
Tidv Varsity Debate meets at

"There is no finer way to commem-
orate Pearl Harbor and what it
means to this country than by buy-
ing a War Bond today," R. Gordon
Griffith, chairman of the University
bond drive, said, urging special pur-
chases on the anniversary of the Jap
attack.
As a special service to bond pur-
chasers, members of Junior Girls'
Project and women's dormitories
have been given strategic positions
from which to sell stamps during the
day.
Meanwhile sales both in the Uni-
versity and thecounty continued to
mount toward their quotas. Univer-
sity sales totalled $37,264 yesterday
and county purchases reached the
$5,624,848 mark.
'U' DoesFine Job
"Ann Arbor and the University are
doing a very fine job in selling
Candles Flicker
As Power .Fails
Complete power failure plunged
the campus into darkness last
night as tallow candles flickered
in residence halls and student
night owls bombarded the Uni-
versity Exchange with anxious
telephone calls.
University engineers were as
mystified by the blackout as stu-
dents. "Just one of those things"
is all they could tell curious call-
ers who flooded the University
switchboard.
For half an hour lights went
out all over the campus. Univer-
sity night activity stopped dead or
crept on slowly by candle light.
The blackout lasted from 10:45
until 11:10 p. m.,
Wayne Results
'Confirm State
Vote Margins
DETROIT, DEC. 6-(A)-Wayne
County completed today its canvass
of the vote for president and gov-
ernor in the Nov. 7 election, and the
results only confirmed the margins
by which Governor Kelly, Republi-
can, and President Roosevelt, Demo-
crat, carried the state of Michigan.
Wayne was the lastecounty to pre-
pare its report for submission to the
Secretary of State for certification.
Unofficial tabulation of such returns
from all of Michigan's 83 counties
give these totals:
For president: Roosevelt 1,106,899;
Gov. Thomas E. Dewey 1,084,423.
For governor: Kelly 1,208,846; Ed-
ward J. Fry 989,192.
The Wayne canvassers indicated
the report on other state races and
on the four amendments. voted on
at the November election would not
be completed until tomorrow.
Despite the separation of national
and state ballots, more votes were
cast for the two major party candi-
dates for governor than for the two
major presidential candidates. For
governor the total vote for Kelly and
Fry was 2,198,038; the presidential
candidates of the two parties receiv-
ed 2,191,322 votes.
The Wayne canvass in the sixth
legislative district upset the unof-
ficial indicated result, and showed
the election of Charles H. Block, Re-
publican, over Victor Targonski,
Democrat.

bonds," Warren F. Cook, director of
the county drive said, urging local
residents to buy another War Bond
for Pearl Harbor Day.
However, Cook said, fulfillment of
the bond quota this year depends on
purchases of Series E Bonds. Past
BOND BOX
We have.
County .$5,624,848
University , ..........$ 37,264
We need
County ............. $2,539,152
University..........$ 62,736
war loan drives were successful, he
stated, because every citizen bought
bonds to the limit of his ability.
Army and Navy units on campus
have made a special effort to promote
the sales of bonds this week with
emphasis on Pearl Harbor Day.
Army Buys $15,000 Bonds
Capt. William H. Cooper, Army
public relations officer on campus.
revealed that total sales among ap-
proximately 900 Army men stationed
here were about $15,000 in direct
purchases. Capt. Cooper said totals
derived from allotment purchases
have not been computed but would
make the figure considerably higher.
The Navy extra cash War Bond
sale, which began last Friday, con-
cludes today. In a message to cam-
pus Bluejackets Navy authorities said
that one of the factors that has
aided in the Pacific struggle has been
the "willingness of a free people to
buy War Bonds until it hurt, to lend
the government the money with
which to build the ships and planes
that are smashing the enemy's war
machine, and to equip the fighting
men who are slicing through the Jap
defense perimeter."
University Bond sales today, to-
morrow and Saturday will be dated
Dec. 7 by the University war bond
committee, to commemorate Pearl
Harbor, upon the purchaser's request.
Campus Elects
Union Officials
Ballot on Executives
Of Engineering School
In an all-campus election held
yesterday, three vice-presidents for
the Men's Union from the Medical,
Literary and Dental Schools, and
officers of the College of Engineer-
ing were elected.
The winners are Hank Mantho of
the College of Literature, Science
and the Arts; Michael L. Cancilla of
the Medical School; and Fred Foust
of the College of Dental Surgery for
the Union vice-presidencies.
The officers of the College of Engi-
neering are James Wallis, president;
Robert Precious, vice-president, and
William Culligan, secretary.
Two sophomore positions on the
Engineering Council were filled by
Charles Helmick and George Spauld-
ing.
The officers elected for the Union
will represent their schools in all
Union activities and functions. Hank
Mantho, Michigan Daily Sports Edi-
tor, from Alliance, O., was winner of
a minor football letter this fall.
James Wallis, NROTC, was recent-
ly made the head of Men's Judiciary
Council, and now will fill the position
of president of the College of Engi-
neering. Bill Culligan was a main-
stay on the Michigan football squad
this fall.

{
j
1

Old Stand
Eden Sticks To
Guns on Question
Of Italian Say-So

'U' PLAYS ROLE IN WAR FRONT TRANSFUSIONS-Here is an example of the important part
Michigan students' contribution of 3,000 pints of blood in the past two years is playing on the battle.
fronts. Blood from a San Francisco shipment is being administered at an advance Marianas base to
wounded Seat cc Willie Boyter (in bed) of Pine Bluff, Ark.

Greek Heads See Riots' End:
Firing in Athens Diminishes

By The Associated Press
ATHENS. Dec. 6.-- British and
Greek regular army troops clashed
with armed members of the Elas
Leftists again today, but Greek gov-
ernment authorities said they be-
lieved the near-civil war which has
Senate Refuses
To Recognuze
State Nominees
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON, Dec. 6.-- In a
startling upset, the Senate declined
to act immediately today on Presi-
dent Roosevelt's nominations of four
high State Department appointees.
They were returned to the foreign
relations committee for further study.
Foreign relations chairman Con-
nally (Dem., Tex) and acting min-
ority leader White (Maine) pleaded
in vain for prompt approval of the
nominations of Joseph C. Grew as
undersecretary of state and of three
assistant secretaries-W. L. Clayton,
Nelson A. Rockefeller and Archibald
MacLeish.
Back to Committee
A roll call vote of 37 to 27 approved
a motion by Senator O'Mahoney
(Dem,, Wyo.) to send the nomina-I
tions back to the committee which
approved them only yesterday with-
out formal hearings.
A number of New Deal supporters
joined with critics of the administra-
tion to recommit the nominations.
It was the lack of hearings, to-
gether with arguments that little was
known to the Senate about the politi-
cal ideals of some of the appointees,
which bolstered the move for recom-
mittal.
Both Parties Oppose
The 16 Republicans who voted to
send the nominations back were
joined by Lafollette, Wisconsin pro-
gressive, and 20 Democrats. Sixteen
Democrats and 11 Republicans voted
against the motion.
Connally didn't try to conceal his
anger when the vote was announced.
Senator Wagner (Dem., N.Y.) was
late in entering the chamber and was
one of the last to vote "aye." Con-
nally evidently thought the New
Yorker, a member of his committee,
had misunderstood the question and
attempted to query him about his
vote.

rocked the country since Sunday
would be ended by tomorrow.
While intermittent firing was heard
in Athens all day, punctuated occa-
sionally by the burst of a grenade or
the crackle of machinegun fire from
a British tank, authorities reported
that clashes in Piraeus, the port of
Athens, had subsided.
However, fresh bands of Elas,
armed units of the EAM, the national
liberation front party, were reported
streaming from the rural districts
toward Athens.
Refusal of the EAM to disband its
militia brought on the crisis, in which
the government of Premier George
Papandreou had been supported by
Britain with a large contingent of
troops under Maj.-Gen. R. M. Scobie,
who has termed the Elas mutineers.
British troops were establishing
control over the center of Athens,
working out in concentric rings.
Led by a tank which battered in
the door of EAM headquarters, a
British platoon cleaned out the build-
ing with half a dozen bursts of fire.
One British soldier was killed and a
dying Elas fighter was found on the
roof. Most of the defenders escaped,
however.
Reds Approach
Austrian Border
LONDON, Dec. 6.-OP)-The Red
Army, turning the corner around the
southern end of Lake Balaton in Hun-
gary, has advanced within 35 miles
of Austria, Moscow dispatches said
tonight, while the Germans declared
the Russians had reached within 13
miles south of Budapest in a north-
ward push up the west bank of the
Danube.
Moscow's midnight communique
while confirming gains up to 16 miles
in both sectors, placed the farthest
advance below Lake Balaton 42 miles
from Austria, and the nearest ap-
proach to Budapest along the Dan-
ube at 28 miles.
The communique did not confirm
a German report that an offensive
had been launched against Budapest
from three sides.
The communique reported the cap-
ture of Racalmas, 29 miles south of
the Hungarian capital. The Ger-
mans said earlier they had lost the
town of Ercsi, only 13 miles below
Budapest.

WAR AT A GLANCE
WESTERN FRONT-Germans'
Saar River line collapses as U. S.
Third Army forces new bridge-
heads. Allied airfleets smashed
German oil plants and railways.
RUSSIAN FRONT-Red Army
troops race within 35 miles of
Austria, 28 miles of Budapest. An-
nounce capture of Racalmas.
PACIFIC FRONT-Chinese re-
veal loss of Tushan, railway termi-
nus south of Kweiyang. Yank
fliers continue blows against Japs
in Marianas.
Becker Advises
Informat on To
Precede Ideals
If the people are expected to use
their intelligence in seeking high
aims and in successfully attping
them, they must be well informed,
Prof. Carl Becker declared yesterday
in the third of a series of Willigrn W.
Cook Lectures on American Institu-
tions at Raclham Amphitheatre.
If we agree to the basic assump-
tion of democracy-that men have
sufficient intelligence to govern
themselves better than any one or
few can do for them then we
should, strengthen our universities
and schools to make them available
to the people, free to learn and
free to teach according to the
professor.
Freedom of learning and teaching,
the speaker said, must not be ham-
pered by the prejudices of the com-
munity, for it is the basis of the
existence of colleges and universities.
Research and teaching in the
universities supplement each oth-
er, said Becker, a lack of either
harming the other. If there is no
research, he added, the advance-
ment of knowledge is impaired and
learning by rote is encouraged.
In speaking of the function of
grade schools, Prof. Becker stated
that the primary task of the instruc-
tor is to teach immature minds what
is known.
"Constitutional Government" will
be Prof. Becker's topic at today's
lecture which will be given at 4:15
p.m. at Rackham Amphitheatre.
's Drive
case, they always have some actual
part in the construction, even if it
be only driving in the last nail, since
it is the last finishing touch that gives
them the full feeling of accomplish-
ment.
The Galens' shop not only caters
to the practical skill of the young
patients, but many times also it
gives them their first knowledge of

By The Associated Press
LONDON, Dec. 6.- A wide-open
British-American split in policy over
liberated Europe's political quarrels
developed today, with Britain insis-
tent upon her right to intervene when
necessary and the United States
equally firm on a hands-off attitude.
Watching the continent's political
strife with mounting concern, ,the
House of Commons heard Foreign
Secretary Anthony Eden-his usual
suavity sacrificed for edged words of
determination- serve notice that
Britain intends to stick to her pos-
tion regardless of American reaction.
British Hit Back
The British government's position
-one of transcendent importance in
its potential impact upon the ideo-
logical struggles gripping many of
Europe's restive countries-was out-
lined just 24 hours after the United
States formally declared those prob-
lems should be settled "without in-
fluence from outside."
The immediate issue revolved
around Britain's intervention in Ita-
ly's affairs, specifically on its objec-
tion to liberal Count Carlo Sforza
as Italian foreign minister in the
Bonomi government.
From that issue stemmed a funda-
mental problem affecting many of
the other countries.
Eden Blunt
In recognition of this fact, just as
did Edward Stettinius, new United
States Secretary of State, Eden dealt
with the Italian situation in broad
blunt terms as he declared:
"I must repeat to the House that I
maintain the British government has
a perfect right to express an opinion
to another government about a min-
ister under conditions such as these."
The American statement yesterday
said:
.. we expect the Italians to work
out their problems of government
along democratic lines without influ-
ence from the outside. This policy
would apply to an even more pro-
nounced degree with regard to gov-
ernments of the United Nations in
their liberated territories."
Panel Discusses
Peace Set-Up
Concludes Big Powers
" Will Take Leadership
Agreeing that the great powers
will dominate the international peace
organization, Profs. William B. Will-
cox, Harold M. Dorr and George Kiss
spoke on "The Big Five or the Little
Fifty" at the initial Post-War Coun-
cil panel on Dumbarton Oaks last
night at the Women's League.
Prof. Willcox of the history de-
partment presented a background
for peacetime political organization.
Technological changes have brought
greater power to the industrial na-
tions with a relative decline of the
small states, he explained.
"The post war structure must be
better coordinated than the League
of Nations," he said, "and the large
states, having a preponderence of
power, must work together."
"Constitutionalization of the pow-
ers of nations is necessary," Prof.
Dorr of the political science depart-
ment said*"for the welfare of the
rest of the world."
Prof. Kiss of the geography depart-
ment proposed regionalism and a
functional international organization
for the preservation of partial sover-
eignty of small states.
Ypsi Firemen Stop
Blaze At Willow Run
YPSILANTI, Mich., Dec. 6.-(P)---

A third fire in two weeks at the
federal housing project at Willow
Run swept an unused cafeteria build-
ina a n aused dmaue stated at

TO BRIGHT1EN HOSPITAL LIFE FOR HANDICAPPED CHILDREN:
Galens To Sell Tags in Tomorrow

That the younger patients at the
University hospital may continue to
enjoy the facilities of their own
workshop on the ninth floor, the
Galens, members of the honorary
medical fraternity, will conduct a
Tag Day sale tomorrow and Sat-
urday, to raise operating funds for
the shop.
Realizing that a hospital confine-

table. They hired an instructor to
give assistance when it was need-
ed. Then they opened the room to
recuperating children.
Now five afternoons a week, seven
to a dozen or 15 children-almost
well-can be found busily engaged in
some wood project. Some of them
are making birdhouses, some are
cutting out breadboards, some are

legs come into the shop, maneuver-
ing in wheel chairs. Others may
have their arms in slings or their
heads in bandages. That they have
some temporary handicap doesn't
seem to bother the children at all,
since they know that all the other
kids in there have something wrong
with them too. Rather, it makes
them proud that in spite of that
rlneik -l +1 , nV- 'k- f !1~9f"7

able to make the rack, despite his
seeming handicap.
Tom, a quiet lad with twinkling
eyes, apparently doesn't even notice
that his body is still surrounded by
a cast from his hips to up over his
chin. One of the most regular of
the young craftsmen, he has become
noted for his diligence and his beam-
ing smile whenever he masters a dif-
4ir1t r n o -

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