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December 03, 1944 - Image 4

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The Michigan Daily, 1944-12-03

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THE MICHIGAN DAILY SUrNDA

, DEC. 3, 1944

THE PENDULUM:
On the Russian Revolution

DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN

Telephone 23-24-1
Member of The Associated Press
The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the use
for republication of all news dispatches credited to it or
otherwise credited in this newspaper. All rights of re-
publication of all other matters herein also reserved.
Entered at the Post Office at Ann Arbor, Michigan, as
second-class mal matter.
Subscriptions during the regular school year by car-
rier, $4.50, by mail, $5.25.
i
Member, Associated Collegiate Press, 1943-44
NIGHT EDITOR: DOROTHY POTTS
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
Reprisals
THE German High Command blandly asserted
yesterday that it is considering disassociating
itself from all international conventions gov-
erning the conduct of war and treatment of
prisoners.
The statement was related to threatened re-
prisals for reported French treatment of German
guerillas in Alsace.
Immediate reaction to this announcement is
likely to be one of deep emotion and hysteria
and one of the first things to come to mind is
the unrestricted use of poison gas.
The Geneva and Hague Conventions under
which the United Nations have agreed to con-
duct the war "so long as our enemies live up
to it" outlaw the use of poison gas and prescribe
humane treatment for war prisoners.
Regarding the first, the effective use of poison
gas depends upon two factors: proper weather
conditions and surprise.
To be effective gas must be fused into a
'highly favorable atmosphere in which wind
velocity is in the right direction and doesn't
shift. From the experience in the first World
War, a shift in the wind can do more harm to
the projectors than the intended enemy.
There is little opportunity for effective sur-
prise today.
Gas can be discharged from grenades, mortar
fire or by aircraft. At this stage of the war,
our airforce has complete mastery of the skies
which would eliminate any element of surprise
from the meagre German Luftwaffe.
Our military leaders haven't been so naive as
to ignore the use of chemical warfare and our
men fighting overseas have every possible pro-
tection against it. They have been drilled in
chemical warfare ever since their basic training;
each man carries a gas mask; and in addition,
has a chemically treated cloak which will protect
him and his weapons against any chemical.
Should the Germans attempt to use chemicals
in a last desperate effort in frustration, we need
have no fear that our men will be unprepared
to protect themselves and to retaliate in unmiti-
gated force.
But what of the treatment of prisoners. It is
a known fact that our men held in German
prison camps get the barest of food rations,
are permitted only a few letters a year, and
have the worst living conditions possible.
To get an almost paradoxical picture we have
only to review what information we have about
prisoners of war being kept here and in Canada.
They have the best food - the same as our boys
-have excellent living conditions, and have even
gone on strike because they didn't like their
conditions.
We needn't wonder what would happen to our
boys in Germany if they struck in Hitler's back-
yard.
In all this there is an immediate impulse to
hate with even greater intensity than some
amongst us have to date, but at the moment
there is only cause for understanding and none
for alarm.
Hate is an all-consuming power and may
blind us to more fundamental concepts desir-
able to make a just peace and a peace that
"our common" men will understand and sup-
port. This announcement can only make us
more vigilant and filled with a greater appre-
ciation in the knowledge that we are "playing
the game according to the rules."

-Stan Wallace
Response Disappointing
STUDENT response to a request for suggestions
of material to be included in the mammoth
history of the University at war has been dis-

By BERNARD ROSENBERG
On the Russian Revolution--II.
EVERYONE agrees that Soviet Russia is going
through a period of transition. Almost ev-
eryone disagrees as to the direction in which
she is transiting.
Karl Marx foresaw as preliminary steps
to his Utopia first, dissolution of the bour-
geoise, then the temporary dictatorship of the
proletariat, and finally a classless society
from which all institutions would disappear.
Domine Says
JT. WAS WOODROW WILSON, after his battle
with the Clubs at Princeton, who made the
case for "disinterestedness" as the essence of
religion. Well he might, for he had seen intellec-
tual power suffer defeat at the hands of prestige,
and good education go down before tradition and
luxury. The Clubs and a conservative faculty
taught the great Wilson that evil cloaked in cus-
tom is more subtle than any new good if not
more powerful. In many ways that experience
put the tenacious educator into politics. At the
table in Versaille it gave him more insight into
affairs than the world has given him credit for
having. At least he insisted upon making the
League part of the Treaty. He saw no disinter-
estedness at that peach table. To make the
League a part of the Covenant was the only
chance a peace plan could have in Europe or
America in 1918.
In his distinctive novel, "The Razor's Edge,"
Maugham has pictured Larry as the conscience
of a post war generation. He is truly disinter-
ested. Like the great Chisholm in Cronin's
"Keys of the Kingdom," he becomes the lenz
by which we can view the period and peep into
the hidden corners of ourselves or understand
our own cliques. This is the quality on which
Socrates, while dying, carried forward that
greatest conversation in history, and by means
of which, Jesus on the cross could pray for
those who brought him to trial. Or was he
praying for the Romans who sentenced him
or perhaps just for the innocent slaves who
had to drive the spikes? We hardly know
whether or not he included them all when he
petitioned saying, "Father forgive them, they
know not what they do." "Abandonment is
what we mean by religion," said Wilson.
The sociologist insists that disinterested will
is a contradiction in terms. Absence of selfish-
ness, purity of motive, and singleness of pur-
pose, likewise miss the point for they are in a
measure negative. Religion is positive. He who
values only the perfect situation, seeks without
interruption of the senses the highest good and
can contend to the end for a goal which is en-
tirely impersonal is on his way to becoming
saintly. But one must never relate disinterested-
ness to goals other than pure being nor expect
any success except integrity, lest the character-
istic vanish.
The feature we call disinterestedness seems to
find consistency only as a person can aim at
ultimate spirit, God, the all-good or immortality.
J. Campbell Garnett in "A Realistic Philosophy
of Religion," discusses it well but none have said
the final word better than Jesus . . . "Be of good
cheer, I have overcome the world." We accept
that as a fact of which Jesus uniquely could
report about his own distinterestedness. The
quality these novelists are picturing, however, is
part of this century and the disinterestedness
expounded by Wilson has in it a triumph of the
higher self liberated from every secondary inter-
est, including the awareness of attainment.
Edward W. Blakeman
Counselor in Religious Education
University of Michigan
Sedition
THE DEATH of United States Justice Edward
C. Eicher Thursday may mean the close of a
trial of 26 sedition defendants in Washington
that has been going on since April 17. After
some three million words of testimony, proceed-
ings in what may have been the war's most sig-
nificant trial may be dropped.
If the trial were dropped, among defendants
to go free would be such stalwarts of native

reactionary movements as Joseph E. McWil-
liams, Christian Front leader; Mrs. Elizabeth
Dilling, author of the hysterical "Red Net-
work;" and William Dudley Pelley, fuehrer of
the Silver Shirts.
Throughout the trial, which was once likened
by a defense attorney to a "Bowery barroom
brawl," Justice Eicher presided with eminent
fairness, ruling out the hysterical utterances and
charges of defendants, quashing their constant
demands for new trials and patiently hearing
accusations in his court of every kind of preju-
dice.
The trial was important not only in the sense
of a trial of alleged seditionists but because it
illustrated that the United States in war time
could still treat the case of sedition dispassion-
ately. It was important because the outcome of
the trial would indicate the nation's ability .to
protect itself from subversive elements through
existing legal channels.
Whether or not these people are guilty, con-
tinuance of the trial under another judge, or
a retrial, is vitally important to American
democracy. -Paul Sislin

IV
This last phase of the Marxist dream neatly
dovetails with the nihilism that sprouted in
19th Century Russia.)
Well, the U.S.S.R. has succeeded in proletar-l
ianizing itself. The mighty have been leveled;
the many-kulaks and all-have been lifted out
of vasselage. This was done by ukase under
the rule of Lenin. Soviet sympathizers point
out that of course full communism has not been
achieved as yet, but Russia they insist is mov-
ing towards it by inevitable processes of evolu-
tion. Soviet depreciators say just the opposite;
that Stalin has betrayed Marx and is moving
away from communism, that his beaurocratic
centralization of authority has been reinforced
over a period of years, and far from forseeable
disappearance this rule by the few seems/bent
on lengthening itself into perpetuity.
The truth, it seems to me, is that Soviet
Russia has been militating both ways-demo-
cratically here, autocratically there.
The Constitution of 1936 is the embodiment
of libertarian principles. If after World War
II it becomes more than a scrap of paper, this
document and the Russian government should
be acceptable to Americans in every walk of life.
As to further contrasts, when Lenin lived
some criticism of the government was toler-
ated; now it is not. Lenin abolished military
ranks; Stalin reinstituted them. In 1917 Lenin
had the state subsidize all education; in 1940
Stalin stopped subsidizing secondary educa-
tion except in the industrial crafts. By the
time Wendell Willkie visited Russia at the
height of this war, he could report that wage
differentials were greater in that country than
in the United States.
What does this mean? The factory manager
who receives more money can invest it in the
Bank of Russia-at 7% interest!-,send his
son to school, and so begin to re-create the
same old class distinctions and antagonisms
that exist elsewhere. Nationalistic tom-toms
have been beaten for "Mother Russia" ever since
the war and organized religion seems to be on
the upsurge.
One begins to discern a strong middle class
forming under the stress of war. Momentarily
at least, orthodox Marxism is out the window as
the Soviet swings from more to less communism.
It is for this reason that W. Averill Harriman can
and Joseph Davies could be such genial ambas-
sadors to a state big business has feared more
than any other.
However, professional Russophobes and Red
baiters tend to exaggerate this tendency. They
pretend to be alarmed about such things as the
banishment of co-education in primary schools.
I asked Professor John Somervell of Cornell Uni-
versity, who is an authority on the Russian
educational system, about this matter. He ex-
plained that Russian educators have discovered
girls mature more rapidly than boys in the early
grades. So, segregation not only in no way
debases the distaff side, but actually gives it
greater freedom to forge ahead.
The emancipation of women, next to the
equal treatment of ethnic minorities, is the
finest aspect of Soviet Russia. Such moves as
have been recently made to stimulate a higher
birth rate may appear to be somewhat fasci-
stic, but they will seem less so if you remember
the tremendous loss in population that Russia
has suffered.
But, the over-all trend, to quote from Pro-
fessor G. A. Borgese's "Common Cause" is
toward "the progressive restoration of the fam-
ily, of private property; of inheritance in the
Soviet Union as an encouragement for the citi-
zen to feel that he has some personal property
to defend."
Marshall Stalin is trying to make the con-
tours of his country as much like those of the
West as possible.
Heretofore our suspicions of Russia have halt-
ed any chance for real understanding between
us. If a solid United Nations structure is erect-
ed, the pressure will be off and no trend can mean
anything then. Every veteran observer of for-
eign affairs from Maurice Hindus to Sir Bernard
Pares is convinced that post-war Russia will
want nothing more than the opportunity to
engage in large-scale reconstruction.
We owe the Russians an immeasurable debt
of gratitude for their fight against Germany.
Russia has profusely thanked us for opening
the second front and for Lend-Lease. Mutual
adversity should act as a catalyst to the emer-
gence of genuine social democracy.

n Second Thought.
By RAY DIXON
Evidently we are assured of having a white
Christmas every year from now on - at least
on the radio.
Washtenaw County faces a shortage of iodized
salt. Wonder if officials have thought of looking
in the cellar.
And then there's the fellow who swears he
saw a junior nervously light a cigarette, take a
puff on the match and throw the cigarette
away.
He must have just finished a bluebook, butt
definitely.
With all the furor that is being raised in the
press, it's beginning to look as though Tommy
Corcoran has bitten off 'a Littell Biddle more
than he can chew.

SUNDAY, DEC. 3, 1944
VOL. LV., No. 28
All notices for The Daily Official Bul-
letin are to be sent to the Office of the
Assistant to the President, 1021 Angell
Hall, in typewritten form by 3:30 p. m-.
of the day preceding its publication,
except on Saturday when the notices
should be submitted by 11:30 a. in.
Notices
Student Tea: President and Mrs.
Ruthven will be at home to students
Wednesday afternoon, Dec. 6, from
4 to 6 o'clock.
To the Members of the Faculty
College of Literature, Science, and
the Arts: The December meeting of
the Faculty of the College of Litera-
ture, Science, and the Arts for the
academic year 1944-45 will be held
on Monday, Dec. 4, 1944, at 4:10 p.m.
in Rm. 1025 Angell Hall.
The reports of the various commit-
tees have been prepared in advance
and are included with this call to the
meeting. They should be retained in
your files as part of the minutes of
the December meetingH
Edward II. Kraus
Publication in the Daily Official
Bulletin is constructive notice to all
students and faculty members.
Phillips Scholarships: Freshman
students who presented four units of
Latin, with or without Greek, for
admission to the University, and who
are continuing the study of either
language, are invited to compete for
the Phillips Classical Scholarships.
Two scholarships, of fifty dollars
each, will be awarded on the basis of
a satisfactory written examination
covering the preparatory work in
Latin or in both Latin and Greek, as
described in the bulletin on scholar-
ships, a copy of which may be ob-
tained in Rm. 1, University Hall,
The examination will be held this
year in Rm. 2013 Angell Hall O
Thursday, Dec. 7, at 4 p.m. Inter-
ested students are requested to sub-
mit their names to Professor Copley
2026 A.H., or to Dr. Rayment, 203
A.H.
University of Michigan Chines
Cultural Scholarships: By the gen.
erosity of the Ministry of Educatior
of the Chinese National Government
the University of Michigan is author.
ized to 'offer five Chinese Cultura
Scholarships annually, for which in-
dividuals of Chinese nationality ar
not eligible. The purposes of thes
scholarships, in which the University
of Michigan heartilyhconcurs, are t
promote and strengthen the cultura
relations between China and th
United States and to encourage Chi
nese studies in this country. Th
general conditions under which thes
scholarships will be administered ar
as follows:
1. Eligibility. As a minimum con
dition, applicants must have show
merit in at least one year's study o
Chinese language, history, literature
art, geography, or the social science
in relation to China. Authorship o
published writings, on any of th
above subjects, if judged to be o
value by the committee in charge
will be taken into consideration.
Candidates may be either person
already registered as students in th
University of Michigan or eligible fo
admission to the University of Mich
igan as graduate students or as un
dergraduates with upperclass stand
ing in one of the other units of th
University.
2. Stipend and term of appoint
ment. The scholarships carry a sti
pend of $1,500 per year of two semes
ters (or terms). Appointments wil
be made on the annual basis, an
may be renewed upon expiration, ex
cept that no individual will' be per
mitted to hold the scholarship fo:
more than three consecutive years
3. Selection of scholars. A com
mittee appointed by the President o

the University will receive applica-
tions and select the most suitable
candidates. Applications should be
made to Dr. Frank E. Robbins, Assis
tant to the President, 1021 Angell
Hall. It is desirable that candidates
should arrange for a personal inter-
view with the committee.
4. Other requirements. In order to
carry out the purposes of the schol-
arships, holders will be required to
pursue under faculty supervisiona
program of study centering upon the
Chinese language, literature, and
culture generally, or the social sci-
ences as they relate to China. The
holders of scholarships must carry o
their studies in residence at the Uni
versity of Michigan, except that 01
recommendation of their faculty ad-
viser and with the approval of the
committee in charge arrangements
may be made to do a portion of the
work elsewhere.
If suitable candidates appear, ap-

pointments will be made at the be-
ginning of the Spring term, 1944-
45, and thereafter.
Choral Union Members whose at-
tendance records are clear, will please
call for courtesy tickets admitting to
the Carroll Glenn concert Tuesday,
Dec. 5, between 9:30 and 11:30 and
1:00-4:00 at the offices of the Uni-
versity Musical Society in Burton
Memorial Tower. After 4 o'clock no
tickets will be issued.
Rules governing participation in
Public Activities:
I.
Participation in Public Activities:
Participation in a public activity is
defined as service of any kind on a
committee or a publication, in a pub-
lic performance or a rehearsal, or in
holding office in a class or other
student organization. This list is not
intended to be exhaustive, but merely
is indicative of the ,character and
scope of the activities included.
II.
Certificate of Eligibility: At the
beginning of each semester and sum-
mer session 'every student shall be
conclusively presumed to be ineligi-
ble for any public activity until his
eligibility.is affirmatively established
by obtaining from the Chairman of
the Committee on Student Affairs,'
in the Office of the Dean of Stu-
dents, a Certificate of Eligibility.
Participation before the opening of
the first semester must be approved
as at any other time.
Before permitting any students to
participate in a public activity (see
definition of Participation above),
the chairman or manager of such
activity shall (a) require each appli-
cant to present a certificate of eli-
gibility (b) sign his initials on the
back of such certificate and (c) file
with the Chairman of the Committee
on student Affairs the names of all
those who have presented certificates
of eligibility and a signed statement
to exclude all others from participa-
tion. Blacks for the chairmen's lists
may be obtained in the Office of the
Dean of Students.
Certificates of Eligibility for the
first semester shall be effective until
March 1.
III.
Probation and Warning: Students
on probation or the warned list are
forbidden to participate in any pub-
lic activity.
IV.
Eligibility, First Year: No fresh-
man in his first semester of residence
may be granted a Certificate of Eli-
gibility.
A freshman, during his second
semester of residence, may be grant.
ed a Certificate of Eligibility pro.
vided he has completed 15 hours o
more of work with (1) at least one
mark of A or B and with no mark o
less than C, or (2) at least 22 times
as many honor points as hours and
with no mark of E. (A-4 points, B-3
C-2, D-J, E-0).
Any student in his first semeste
of residence holding rank above tha
of freshman may be granted a Cer
tificate of Eligibility if he was admit-
ted to the University in good stand.
ing.
V.
Eligibility, General: In order t
receive a Certificate of Eligibility a
student must have earned at least 1
hours of academic credit in the pre
ceding semester,. or 6 hours of aca
demic credit in the preceding sum-
mer session, with an average of a'
least C, and have at least a C averag
for his entire academic career.
Unreported grades and grades of x
and I are to be interpreted as E unti
removed in accordance with Univer
sity regulations. If inthe opinion o:
the Committee on Student Affair
the X or I cannot be removed promp
tly, the parenthetically reporte
grade may be used in place of the?8
or I in computing the average.
Students who are ineligible unde:
Rule V may participate only afte
having received special permissio
of the Committee on Student Affairs

Approved organizations. The fol
lowing organizations have been ap
proved for the academic year 1944
45. Those which have not been regis
tered with the Dean of Students thi
fall are presumed to be inactive fo
the year.
Alpha Chi Sigma
Alpha Kappa Alpha
Alpha Phi Omega
Am. Inst. of Electrical Engineers
Am. Soc. of Civil Engineers
Christian Science Organization
Delta Omega
Engineering Council
Forestry Club
Interfraternity Council
Kappa Phi
Michigan Union
Michigan Youth for Democratic
Action
Mu Phi Epsilon
Newman Club
Phi Delta Epsilon
Philippine-Michigan Club
Pi Lambda Theta
Post-War Council
Robert Owen House
Sailing Club
Sigma Xi-
Society of Women Engineers
Triangles

ors, 108 Mason Hall, will receive,
these reports and transmit them to
the proper officers.
Notice: Miss Gertrude Bruns, Field
Adviser for Girl Scouts, will be at the
University Bureau of Appointments
and Occupational Information, to-
day. Any girls who are interested in
being interviewed for a position with
the Girl Scouts, should call the Bu-
reau to make an appointment for an
interview.
Faculty, College of Literature, Sci-
ence, and the Arts: The civilian
freshman five-week progress reports
will be due Dec. 9 in the Office of the
Academic Counselors, 108 Mason
Hall.
Identification Cards are now ready
for distribution in Rm. 2, University
Hall.
City of Detroit Civil Service An-
nouncement for Park Maintenance
Man, Salary $1.10 to $1.15 per hour,
has been received in our office. For
further details stop in at 201 Mason
Hall, Bureau of Appointments.
State of Michigan Civil Service
Announcements for Tabulating Clerk,
A2, Salary $140 to $160 per month,
Tabulating Clerk Al, salary $160 to
$181.50 per month, Tabulating Ma-
chines Supervisor 1, Salary $180 to
$220 per month, have been received
in our office. For further details stop
in at 201 Mason Hall, Bureau of
Appointments.
United States Civil Service an-
nouncement for Elevator Operator,
salary $1,50 a year including over-
time, has been received in our office.
The closing date for Motor Truck
Driver (Light Duty Trucks), and Mo-
tor Truck Driver (Heavy Duty
Trucks), salary $1,620 a year includ-
ing overtime, has been extended in-
definitely. The original closing date
was Nov. 30. For further information
stop in at 201 Mason Hall, Bureau of
Appointments.
World War II Veterans: Dr. Bruce
M. Raymond of the U. S. Veterans
1 Administration, Dearborn, Mich., will
be available for consultation in the
office of the Veterans Service Bur-
eau, 1514 Rackham Building, Wed-
nesday, Dec. 6.
Lectures
University Lecture: Dr. Y.G. Chen,
President of the University of Nan-
king will lecture on the subject "To
Win the Peace, as Chinese Professor
- Sees It," under the auspices of the
. International Center and Committee
on Intercultural Relations, Wednes-
day, Dec. 6, at 8 p.m. in the Rackham
f Amphitheatre. The public is invited.
s
I University Lecture: 'Dr. Anna
Jacobson, Associate Professor of Ger-
man, Hunter College, will lecture on
r the subject, "Thomas Mann as a
t Cultural Mediator" at 4:15 p.m.,
- Wednesday, Dec. 13, in the Rackham
- Amphitheater under the auspices of
- the Department of Germanic Lan-
guages and Literatures. The public is
cordially invited.
0
1 Academic Notices
- Mathematics 347: Seminar in Spe-
- cial Functions meets Tuesday, Dec. 5,
- at 3:00 in room 317 West Engineer-
t ing. Professor Rainville will speak on
e "Laguerre and Legendre Polyno-
mials."
1 Biological Chemistry Seminar will
- be held from 4:15 to 5:15 Wednesday
f afternoon, Dec. 6, in Room 319, West
s Medical Building. "The Biological
- Synthesis of Polysaccharides - Re-
d cent Studies" will be discussed. All
interested are invited.
r History of Printing, extension
r course. This class will meet this week
n on Thursday night, Dec. 7, instead of
. Tuesday night.

Concerts
Carroll Glenn, violinist, with San-
s ford Schlussel at the piano, will give.
r the fifth program in the Choral Union
Concert Series, Tuesday evening, Dec.
5, at 8:30, in Hill Auditorium. The
program is as follows: Bach Sonata
No. 1; Brahms Sonata No. 3; Poeme,
Chausson, Sonatina, Chavez; Prel-
ude, Gershwin-Heifetz; Improvisa-
tion, Kabalewsky; and Ravel's Tzi-
gane.
A limited number of tickets are
available at the offices of the Uni-
versity Musical Society, in Burton
Memorial Tower.
Exhibitions
Architecture Building, main corri-
dor cases, through Dec. 9, "How an
Advertisement Is Designed." An ex-
hibit furnished by courtesy of Young
& Rubicam, Inc., New York.
Events Today
The Congregational-Disciples Guild
will meet at the Congregational
Church, State and William Sts., at

Y

I

Y

A'

BARNABY
We have to dig a lot more to make that
trap big enough for such a big animal- -
- - - -

Of course! Come, m'boy! We'll borrow a few
simple household items. From your household.
A bolt of calico, some beads, a sack of flour,
n ;. :o. . ,f enmuaIina beverane nna n-

By Crockett Johnson
That, plus your Fairy Godfather's shrewd
management of our new organization-
r-.TI InHN InACnR CA MALL

I

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