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December 03, 1944 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1944-12-03

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'R14

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Sir 43rn1

DiaiIi

WEATHER
Fair and warmer with
increasing cloudiness

VOL. LV., No. 28

ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, SUNDAY, DEC. 3, 1944

PRICE FIVE CENTS

Ruthven Supports
Post-War Program
Of Preparedness,
Questions Value of Compulsory Military
Training, Favors National Service Plan
By STAN WALLACE
President Alexander G. Ruthven took a stand in favor of a broad
program of national preparedness following the war, said "the nature of
the program can only be determined when postwar conditions are known,"
and questioned the value "of compulsory military training in the strict
sense," in an exclusive Daily interview yesterday.
Dr. Ruthven, who has been in close touch with educational and service
leaders on the subject, advocated a program of "broad national service
to include education, health, military training and spiecial efforts to
promote international intellectual cooperation."

Patton

Enters.

Saar

Valley

Fort;

Aerial Blows

Rock Jap Airdromes

.

"Assuming that we must have
compulsory military training after
the war," he declared, "I feel it
would be a very great mistake to
have a continuous year of military
training for our young men and
women interested in going to col-
lege to fit themselves for particu-
lar occupations."
He strongly emphasized that
"should there be another war after
this one, this war has taugnt us it
will be one of highly trained and
technical people, and our national
security would suffer if compulsory
training interrupted their studies so
that enough specialists were not
available if needed."
President Ruthven, who has long
been associated with improving edu-
cational techniques, returned to cam-
pus only last Thursday after study-
ing the educational program of the
Naval Air Station at Pensacola, Fla.
and other bases.
Pointing to current discussion of
postwar military training, the pres-
ident stated "this is highly import-
and and has value in bringing out
alU facts and shades of opinion so
t04t people can make intelligent
decisions."
"0ut we can make no definite de-
cision now. This is not a matter
for black and white determination
at this time since we can't foresee
what our eeds will be after the
war," he declared..
Dr. Ruthven affirmed his support
for some kind of a postwar military
establishment. and likened it to a
"police force. Something of this
nature will be necessary," he asserted.
Rather than a program that would
produce a large force of trained men
in a fully equipped military force,
Dr. Ruthven prefers for college stu-
dents,"an enlargement and improve-
ment of ROTC programs with com-
pulsory training limited to attend-
ance at campus for two or three
summers."
Mortarboard
To Offer Help
.For Veterans
Veterans of World War II on cam-
pus will be aided by the annual pro-
ject of Mortarboard, Senior women's
honorary society, it was, announced
by Vice-president Anne Terbrueggen.
Men who have been out of school
for a year or more will be offered
tutoring in general or specific sub-
jects.-
Mortarboard's twenty members
will offer as many subjects as possi-
ble to the more than three hundred
veterans on campus. The help of
volunteer non-members of the group
as well as paid professional tutoring
will be provided.
Laszlo Hetenyi of the campus Vet-
eran's Organization will work closely
with Miss Terbrueggen in making
veterans aware of the opportunity
and in enrolling them.
Those veterans not affiliated with
the Veterans Organization or the
newly-formed American Legion Post
on campus who wish to use the pro-
ect are asked to get in touch with
Mortarboard by putting their name,
address, telephone number, class,
and the subjects in which they de-
sire help in -President Betty Wille-
min's box in the undergraduate of-
fice of the League.
CAMPUS EVENTS
Today David Holland presents
an organ recital at 4:15
p.m. in Hill Auditorium
featuring Bach.
Today Ohio State - Michigan
football movies will be
chnwm in th Un in a t

Russians Drive
Along Danube
Near Budapest
Spearheads Are Within
43 Miles of Magyar City
By The Associated Press
LONDON, Dec. 2.-Russian tanks
and motorized infantry raced toward
Budapest along the west side of the
Danube River tonight and also drove
to within 74 miles of the Austrian
frontier.
Berlin declared that Soviet spear-
heads were only 43 miles from the
southern outskirts of the imperilled
Hungarian capital.
300 Localities Captured
In a 21-mile-deep breakthrough
on a 50-mile front Marshal Feodor I.
Tolbukhin's Third Ukraine Army
units overran 300 localities in south-
western Hungary, Premier-Marshal
Stalin announced in a special order
of the day.
These included the strongholds
and important communication cen-
ters of Pa s, Szekszard, Dombovar
and Kaposvar, the last only 28 miles
from strategic Lake Balaton guard-
ing the southeastern approaches to
Austria.
"The breach appears tragic," said
a Berlin radio commentator. "The
Russians are out to envelop all west-
ern Hungary and Budapest on a
grand scale."
Railroad Section Seized
Speeding forward at almost a mile-
an-hour clip, the Russians seized a
16-mile section of the vital Buda-
pest-Zagreb-Trieste railway, linking
the outflanked Hungarian capital
with the Axis front in northern Italy,
by capturing Kaposvar.
Kaposvar, the major point taken
nearest the Austrian frontier is on
the edge of a plain extending to Lake
Balaton and the southernmost Reich
territory. It is 95 miles southwest of
Budapest and 93 miles northeast of
Zagreb, Axis puppet Croatian capital.
The capture of Dombovar, another
eight-way road junction 16 miles to
the east, gave the Russians control of
part of the important trunk railway
connecting the Axis Hungarian-Yu-
goslav-Italian fronts.
Detroit Dod e
Walkout Ends
DETROIT, DEC. 2-(P)-One De-
troit war plant strike ended today
but two others, involving 9,600 work-
ers, continued.
The first of 1,300 employes on all
shifts at the aircraft engine division
of Chrysler Corporation's Dodge main
plant returned to their jobs after
voting in a union mass meeting this
morning to end their strike which
began Thursday.
The strikers, members of United
Automobile Workers (CIO) Local 3,
were engaged in work on engines for
Superfortress bombers.

Yank Airmen
Bomb Shipping
In Philippines
Ground Action in Leyte
Halted by Tropic Rains
By The Associated Press
Heavy attacks by American fliers
against Japanese airdromes and ship-
ping throughout the Philippines were
reported by Gen. Douglas MacArthur
today.
As the Yank airmen in the far
west Pacific continued to neutralize
the Japanese aerial threat to Ameri-
can liberation forces on Leyte Island,
it was officially disclosed that other
U. S. fliers blasted Iwo Jima, in the
Volcano Islands, along the B-29 path-
way to Tokyo.
Iwo was hit for the fifth time in
four days by AAF Liberators. The
island is only 750 miles south of
Tokyo. The Japanese have been
using Iwo as an aerial base from
which to attack the Superfortress
fields on Saipan Island.
Leyte Action Stalled
Ground action on Leyte was stall-
ed by continued tropical rains. The
bad weather, however, did not ground
planes. The Japanese struck in force
against Yang Carigara Bay posi-
tions on northern Leyte. American
airmen lashed enemy airfields on
Luzon and Mindanao Islands on Ley-
te's northern and southern flanks,
and hit shipping to the west.
Meanwhile the Japanese, without
American confirmation, claimed that
Nippon para-troops were landed on
eastern Leyte a week ago and that
air scouts report they "have made
death-defying penetrations at im-
portant points" on two airfields "and
caused great war result."
Burma Road Town Takent
In the southwest the Chinese cap-
tured Chefang, nekt to the last Bur-
ma Road town held by the Japanese
on the Yunnan front. American
Liaison units and Yank airmen aided
the Chinese in seizing the town.
Only about 24 miles of the Burma
Road remains to be taken before the
Chinese will be in position to hit the
China-Burma border city of Want-.
ing.
In the northeast however the Jap-
anese were acknowledged by the Chi-
nese high command to have pene-
trated Kweichow province. Its cap-
ital, Kweiyang, is a Burma Road
terminal some 235 miles south of
Chungking.
McKay, GOP
Boss, Indicted
Michigan Republican
Faces Graft Charge
LANSING, DEC. 2-(IP)-Swift trial
awaits Frank D. McKay, Grand Rap-
ids capitalist and one-time overlord
of Michigan Republican politics, and1
his two co-defendants, special prose-
cutor Kim Sigler declared today as
the Carr Grand Jury issued warrants
charging the trio conspired to cor-
rupt the 1943 state legislature.
Named with McKay as defendants
are Floyd Fitzsimmons, of Benton
Harbor, lobbyist, former promoter of
prize fights, and pal of sports world
big shots, and Rep. William Green,
Hillman Republican. Green pre-
viously was accused by the grand
jury of soliciting a bribe to influence
his vote as a legislator, but was not
brought to trial.

A heartening story of unsung hero-
ism and unstinting effort on the part
of the students and faculty at the
University of Leningrad in the face
of bitter defeat was cabled to the
students of the University in a spe-
cial message last night.
The cable, transmitted directly
to The Daily, told a story of half-
starved scientists and their devoted
students sticking to their research
in the midst of the dark days of
the siege of Leningrad.
The cablegram took the form of a
letter of greeting and was signed by
the Rector of the University and
thirty professors representing the
faculty and the Russian Academy of
Sciences organized into the "Soviet
Scientists Anti-Fascist Committee."
Two-Fold Celebration
The message came on the occasion
of the two-fold celebration of stu-
tents re-entering their university
buildings which they nave been re-
building and on the 125th anniver-
sary of the founding of the university
in 1819.
"We the faculty and students of
Leningrad University assembled at
a conference dedicated to the 125th
birthday of our Alma Mater send
greetings to our colleagues and com-
rades in arms," the cable said.
"We remember the friendly mes-
sages from your University . . .
these, it will be remembered, came
SiXth War Loan
Drive Sales Hit
New Heights
The second week of the Sixth War
Loan Drive closed yesterday with
University bond sales almost five
times greater than the total of the
previous week.
. Bond Belles canvassing the campus
for purchasers have amassed a total
sales of $28,133, compared to the
$5,839 mark of a week ago. The
University goal is $100,000.
County totals were about nine
times greater during the same time.
BOND BOX
We have ...
County ........ . .... $4,911,465
University .......... $ 28,133
We need .. .
County . . ........... $3,252,535
University .......... $ 71,869
The latest high is $4,911,465, com-]
pared to $527,153 of eight days ago.
County purchase are now past the
half way mark toward the $8,164,000
goal.
Frances Goldberg, heading the
Bond Belles of the Junior Girls Pro-
ject, commended the Belles' coopera-
tion, which she called "excellent so
far."
Post-War Conscription To
Be MYDA Topic Monday
Michigan Youth for Democratic
Action (MYDA) will meet at 8:30
p.m. tomorrow in the Union for the
first of a series of discussions on
Post-War Military Training.
. Participants in the introductory
debate will be Herbert Otto and
Harold Lester of the Veteran's Or-
ganization, and Ann Fagan Ginger.

to hearten us in those perilous days
when our university building was
nearing its end," the message con-
tinued.
The message reminded the world
of the three-year struggle with the
"German invader" about Leningrad
and in unvarnished language called
upon all free peoples to unite in the
final hour to bring victory to the
"Anglo-Soviet-American coalition."
"The final blow must be struck
with all our might. our. resources,
our weapons, and our ingenuity. We
call upon scientists of all advanced
Becker Will
Open Series,

UNSUNG HEROISM, UNSTINTING EFFORT:
Leningrad Students, Faculty Cable Message
Telling of CollegeLife, Research in War

American
Tradition

Political.
Is Topic

Prof. Carl L. Becker, noted author,
historian and political scientist of
Cornell University, will speak on
"The American Political Tradition"
at 8:15 p.m. tomorrow in the lecture
hall of the Rackham building.
The lecture is the first in a series
of five talks by Prof. Becker on the
theme of "Freedom and Responsi-
bility in the American Way of Life."
The talks will be given Monday
through Friday under the auspices
of the William W. Cook Foundation
for Lectures on American Institu-
tions.
Five-Day Series
The Monday lecture is the only
one to be presented in the evening.
The succeeding four talks will begin
at 4:15 p.m. Tuesday through Friday.
They are "Freedom of Speech and
the Press," Tuesday; "Freedom of
Learning and Teaching," Wednes-
day; "Constitutional Government,"
Thursday, and "Private Economic
Enterprise," Friday.
Prof. Becker, before becoming a
member of the faculty at Cornell in
1917, taught at Pennsylvania Col-
lege, Dartmouth, Kansas and Minne-
sota. He is a graduate of the Uni-
versity of Wisconsin.
Is Recent Author
He is a past president of the
American Historical Association and
has written several books. His latest
volume, entitled "How New Will the
Better World Be," was published a
year ago.
The lectures by Prof. Becker are
the first in the Cook Foundation pro-
gram for the coming year. Mr. Cook,
who was a Michigan alumnus and
distinguished member of the New
York bar, provided for the creation
of the lectureship on American insti-
tutions in a bequest to the University.
Dean E. Blythe Stason of the law
school will introduce Prof. Becker
Monday evening. Dean Edward H.
Kraus will preside.
Faenza Flanks
Fall to Allies
ROME, DEC. 2-(P)-Two positions
north and south of Faenza have fal-
len to Allied Armies, headquarters
announced today, as the German
withdrawal through the mountains
toward the Po plain continued in the
face of threats against the enemy's
eastern flank.
Indian troops of the British Eighth
Army seized strongly-defended Al-
bereto, a village five miles northeast
of Faenza, capturing 100 prisoners.
The U. S. Fifth Army, swinging
across the Lamone River which
blocks the approaches to Faenza, oc-
cupied Monte Giornetto, 11 miles
west, southwest of the city.
World Noted Artist,
Josef Lhevinne, Dies
NEW YORK. Dec. 2.-UP)-Josef

democratic countries to rally all
their strength for this blow.
"Victory is near. But to hasten it
we must exert our efforts to the
utmost. We call upon scientists of
all freedom-loving lands not to relax
the struggle for a single moment."
Under Constant Fire
With bombing attacks an almost
hourly occurrence, and with mortar
and shell fire blending into a "never
ending melody of death" the message
tells us how Leningrad scientists
took their students underground into
halls, basements to continue their
work.
Men and research data were
dropped into Leningrad during the
nights to give new life to the
"struggling students" and from
their research new weapons and
industrial techniques were invent-
ed and discovered.
After the siege was broken early
this year, this report relates how
both faculty and students returned
to the city in great numbers to bol-
ster those who had remained "to
begin, themselves, to restore our
University."
"Doctors, engineers, mathemati-
cians became painters, carpenters,
plumbers and brick masons to erase
the havoc wrought by Fascist Ger-
many," the greeting related in telling
how college men and women went
without sleep and food to furnish the
reconstruction.
Looks Toward Future
Looking to the future which is
being fashioned today by the "heroic
efforts of the Red Army and our
Anglo-American Allies," the message
See LENINGRAD, Page 8
Wallis, Barnard
Named Men's
Judiciary Heads
James E. Wallis, '45 NROTC, was
appointed president and Richard
Barnard, '45 NROTC, secretary of
Men's Judiciary Council yesterday by
the present members of the Council
and Dean ' of Students, Joseph A.
Bursley.
The new officers, both studying in
the Engineering School, are promi-
nent in campus activities. Wallis, a
member of Sigma Phi Epsilon, is a
battalion officer in the NROTC and
Barnard, a member of Sigma Alpha
Epsilon, has been on the track team
for three years. He is a member of
Triangles, Vulcans and 'M' Clubs,
honor societies. Both men will serve
for one school year.
Other members of the Men's Judi-
ciary Council are Tom Bliska, presi-
dent of the Union, Charles Walton,
president of the Engineering Council,
and Bliss Bowman, president of In-
terfraternity Council. Positions now
vacant are those customarily filled
by the Managing Editor of The Mi-
chigan Daily and the president of
Men's Congress.
The powers of the Men's Judiciary
Council include supervision of stu-
dent elections, regulation of initia-
tions and general conduct of all hon-
or societies, establishment of rules
concerning campus dances and the
investigation of student conduct
cases referred to it by the Dean of
Students or initiated by the Council
itself.
Union Officers
To Be Selected
An all-campus election will be held
Wednesday afternoon to select vice-
presidents for the Men's Union from
the Medical, Literary and Dental
Schools, members of the Union nom-
inating committee announced yester-
day.
Candidates selected by the com-

mittee for the election included James
Galles, Michael L. Cancilla and Ken-

U.S. First, Ninth
Armies Press
To Roer River
Seventh Wipes Out
Nazi Rhine Bridgehead
By The Associated Press
PARIS, DEC. 2-Lt. Gen. George
S. Patton's Third Army troops fought
their way deeply into burning Saar-
lautern, Saar basin fortress and In-
dustrial city, today and to the north
the U. S. First and Ninth Armies
pressed ahead to the Roer River
against the heaviest opposition of
the winter offensive.
U. S. Seventh Army troops wiped
out the last remnants of the Ger-
man bridgehead at the approaches
to the now demolished Rhine bridges
in Strasbourg.
Saarlautern in Flames
Following attacks by nearly 250
medium and light U. S. Ninth Air
Force bombers which left Saarlautern
in flames and tore open nearby Sieg-
fried Line defenses, third Army
doughboys entered the Saar city at
two points. The Americans then
fanned out over most of that part of
the city which lies west of the Saar
River.
The 90th and 95th Divisions, with
elements of the Tenth Armored Di-
vision screening them to the north,
now hold a 14-mile stretch along the
Saar between Merzig and Saarlau-
tern. The vital Saar basin has been
gouged deeply by Third Army ad-
vances, but the river still is a bar-
rier to the greater part of this heav-
ily industrial region. The Germans
apparently hope to make a strong
stand along this natural line.
Tanks, Infantry Inside Saare
Troops of the 26th Infantry Divi-
sion teamed up with fourth Armored
Division tanks and were fighting In.-
side of Saare Union, 12 miles south
of the Saar border, where the Yanks
are moving up the east bank of the
Saar River in a potential outflanking
threat to Saarbrucken.
In this area, the Germans launch-
ed two of the fiercest counterat-
tacks yet made in the current of-
fensive, using 40 to 50 tanks. Fight-
er bombers came to the aid of the
doughboys knocking out at least six
tanks and the attacks were repulsed.
These attacks, however, did per-
mit the Germans to reenter Mack-
willer, according to field dispatches.
To the north, at the edge of the
Cologne plain, gains of yards were
bought at a high cost of American
blood in the giant battle that was
entering its 16th day.
The Ninth army occupied Linnich
up to the River Roer tonight and has
captured Liefarth between Beeck and
Lindern, a late field dispatch said to-
night.)
Thus, virtually the -entire Ninth
Army stood on the west bank of the
Roer after recapturing two towns
lost yesterday. Fighting continued
in Beeck, to the west, and before
Lindern, now in American hands.
Krug Says War
Need May Slow
Reconversion
WASHINGTON, DEC. 2-(A')-The
armament task now in sight may re-
tard reconversion for some time after
Germany collapses, War Production
Board Chairman J. A. Krug said to-
day.
He made that observation in dis-
closing that $500,000,000 worth of
new plant construction is planned to
boost production of shells for in-
fantry mortars.

The drive meanwhile to get lag-
ging production programs of other
war implements up to the pace need-
ed to meet the demands of all-out
war on two major fronts is showing
"excellent progress," Krug told a
news conference.
New workers, he said, are entering
war plants in "encouraging" num-
bers.
The unexpectedly rapid advance
against Japan, piling new Pacific de-
mands atop the heavy requirements
of Europe, has caused the Army to
revise its V-E Day cuthaek n .n:

VIOLIN VIRTUOSO:
Carroll Glenn Announces Program

Carroll Glenn, young American vio-
linist, who will be heard at 8:30 p.m.
Tuesday in Hill Auditorium at the
fifth Choral Union concert, will play
the following program:
Sonata No. 1 in B Minor .......Bach
Sonata No, 3 in D Minor, op. 108 .. Brahms
Poene .......... ........... ....Chausson
Sonatina for violin and piano..........
............................Carlos Chavez
Prelude in C-sharD minor.... ........

sic to study with Edouard Dethier,
Belgian violinist. When he learned
her age, he did not wish to have so
young a pupil, but her playing con-
vinced him that sherwas a great tal-
ent, and he accepted her.
In spite of her devotion to her art,
however, Miss Glenn had to go to
school each day like the other chil-

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