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December 01, 1944 - Image 4

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Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1944-12-01

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T lr.M ..GA-DA.L

WASHINGTON MERRYoGO-ROUND:
Stettinius Placed in Key Job

The Pendulum I

fei)

He didn't want his friend Stettinius to become
merely a bureau chief under Crowley.
In the general shake-up which followed, Stet-
tinius found himself in one of the most coveted
posts in the Government, as Undersecretary of
State. Prestige was preserved, and once again
Ed's guardian angels had taken care of him.
Has Bucked Tough Job...
In the State Department, Stettinius has work-
ed unceasingly. Most of the time he has bucked
an uphill, almost impossible job. He has been
patient and persevering in working with Cordell
Hull. But he got nowhere in realizing his great-
est ambition-reorganizing the State Depart-
ment.
Stettinius doesn't pretend to know too much
about foreign affairs. In talking to ambassa-
dors, he usually refers them to subordinate
expert advisers, and never reverses those ad-
visers. His theory is to pick good men and
then rely on them. If he can really put this
into practice, the slow-moving, moth-eaten
machinery of U. S. foreign affairs may get a
new lease on life. It has long needed it.
(Copyright, 1944, by United Feature Syndicate, Tnc.)
I'D RATHER BE RIGHT:
Demobilization Now?
By SAMUEL GRAFTON
NEW YORK, NOV. 30-I have a letter fiom
an army private. He is interested in "par-
tial industrial demobilization." That is the plan
under which the war work of all American fac-
tories would be reduced simultaneously and
to the same degree. The idea is that, after a
certain victorious stage in the war had been
reached, we would cut, say, 25 per cent of each
factory's war production. This would give each
manufacturer an even 25-per cent-of-capacity
start on making civilian 'goods. It would be
unfair to have some plants continue 100 per
cent on war goods, while others go to 100 per
cent civilian goods. Factories kept on war work
might never catch up, might lose the civilian
market for good. Hence the theory that all
factories ought to start making civilian goods
with their left hands, so to speak, with all of
them going to both hands at the same moment,
when the war is over.
My soldier correspondent does not object to
this approach. He thinks it is rather decent.
But, he asks, how do you apply the same princi-
ple to soldiers? A soldier is either 100 per
cent in the war or 100 per cent out of it. You
can't release 25 per cent of a soldier, to give
him an even start on civilian life. You can't
release his left hand, so to speak.
And, says the army private, soldiers are'
being released now, for medical and other good
reasons. These men are getting 100 per cent
starts on civilian life; their mates remain 100
per cent in war work. At this point the army
private offers a suggestion; when we finally
come to large-scale demobilization, let us,
he says, hold back those men who have secure
private jobs awaiting them, or civil service
posts, or incomes, or college careers, and let
us release first of all those men who must
"look around" for a civilian start.
IF WE could be sure of post-war jobs for all,
the problem would not exist. But there is a
report that 40,613 workers have "drifted away"
from war industry in New Jersey in one year.
Los Angeles County is officially said to be losing
6,300 war workers monthly. Maryland declares
that 43,000 out-of-staters have vanished in a
year. There is a drift back to old jobs and to
farms as a number of workers, still relatively
few, demobilize themselves 100 per cent in order
to give themselves a time break on resuming
"civilian" life. They are trying to get the
jump on their mates. No one cares to be third
in line when an apple is being divided into
halves.
There is the same fear in the mind of the
army private who writes to me, and of the war
worker who is easing himself back to his old
position. Both view the post-war world as the
dividing-up of a not-enough. One's place in
line becomes all important, and there are, al-
ready, signs of shoving.
Perhaps the answer lies in raising our talk
about "full employment" from the level of din-
ner table conversation to the level of a formal
government pledge. A joint resolution, pro-

claiming it to be the fixed intention of Congress
to keep every American at work, and setting
up a permanent Full Employment Commission
to find out how, would greatly relieve the pres-
sures on both soldier and worker; it would be
an important war measure. The suggestion is
not nearly as staggering or extreme as is the
problem before us.
But the approach taken by Congress so far
has been almost as nervous as the attitude
shown by my soldier correspondent and by
the drifting war worker. Congress voted down
a bill, last summer, to give something like
adequate unemployment insurance to war
workers. But if Congress believes in full em-
ployment, it need not fear unemployment in-
surance. If we have anything like full em-
ployment, insurance will not have to be paid.
In showing fear of the cost of unemployment
insurance, Congress revealed its own fear of
unemployment. By rejecting the bill, it in-
tensified the fears of others. It is time for a
more positive stand.
(Copyright, 1944, New York Post Syndicate)

By BERNARD ROSENBERG
HOSE who favor peace-time con-
scription in the belief that it will
act as a deterrent to war are simply
out of this world.
Armies cause war by their very ex-
istence. For military men itch to try
out the science of mass murder they
so diligently pursue in academies and
on the field. Armies need to be
equipped and to equip them muni.
tion factories must be built which in
turn give rise to the kind of overt
and covert arms race we saw in the
entr' acte between World War I and
World War II.
I am speaking here of national ar-
mies raised compulsorily. The May
Bill affecting young men from 18 to
25 proposes just that for post-war
America, although Chief of Staff
Marshall himself has spoken in fav-
or of a small standing army. The
advocates of a large standing army-
in their provincialism and narrow-
ness-believe that if the United States
becomes strong enough to withstand*
any major power, we can then remain
a country unto ourselves, inviolate
and inviolable.
Gerald Smith and his followers
want .to make of America an im-
pregnable fortress whose citizens
will be guarded from, wary of, and
hostile to other less civilized
peoples. There is a most unheal-
thy tendency to see America sliced
off from the rest of this world by
some mystically insular process no
one ever explains.
Put Mr. Smith in the White House,
gird us with the "steel ring" he al-
ways talks about, build more ships,
conscript more soldiers, manufacture
more guns-and still America will be
umbilically attached to the northern-
most tip of Siberia-so real is that
one world Mr. Willkie used to dis-
cuss.
As the world shrinks and our minds
expand to meet it, we must accustom
ourselves to thinking in terms that
are supra-natural.
If mankind is to have a reason-
able facsimile of peace hereafter,
national armies will become passe;
the need for them on any scale
larger than that of a local con-
stabulary will dissolve. Isolation-
ists do not see that. I think it
quite proper to call the position
taken on this issue by the Misses
Zack and Miller isolationist in the
truest sense of the over-worked
word.
An isolationist is not only the in-!
dividual' who thinks he can separate
his country from other countries but
also the individual who believes that
the problems of his country are the
problems of his country alone instead
of the universally systemic problems
they really are. For how many years
was the myth of over-production sus-
tained in the United States because
we could not see beyond our national
noses! While the AAA had wheat
plowed under or transporters let it
rot on American docks because our
farmers had "over-produced" mil-
lions of Chinese were starving to
death. The solution to America's
problem was the solution to China's
problem-but viewed as two separate
problems they were each insoluble.
NOW, THE greatest problem before
our species is preserving a just
peace. To say that this can be done'
by maintenance of mammoth na-
tional armies is like saying alcohol-
ism can be abolished through the con-
struction of more breweries.
The alternative to a national army
-with its. constant threat of war-is
an international army-with its con-
stant promise of peace. Granted an
equitable distribution of land, free
access to natural resources, and a
demilitarized world, such an army
could be raised in the interests of
peace proportionately to the popu-
lation of every United Nation.
Whenever a violation of bounda-

ries or of any international law oc-
curred in a brazen enough way to be
called aggressive by the majority of
representatives, this mighty army
would be thrown in the path of the
aggressor. Furthermore it is plaus-
ible that an international army could
be organized by voluntary instead of
compulsory means. The pay need
only be made high enough and the
period of service short enough to
make the job lucrative.
National armies ought to be
nothing more than militias; in-
ternational armies ought to be
true armies existing exclusive of
all others. If a bellicose nation
re-arms secretly after this war, it
can not hope to stave off the resi-
dual military might of all other
nations..
An international army would deter
war. Junker generals keep planning
new campaigns in the expectation
of winning "next time." But, if they
see the hopelessness of another at-
tempt in which they would be as

pygmies against the giant, even
Junkers will learn.
So what, Miss Shultz, if the Ger-
mans do try it again? Why, an ef-
fective blockade would defeat Ger-
many today faster than armed com-
bat. Only by use Vf an international
police force can effective blockades
be enforced.
We have got to set our sights
higher than ever before and recog-
nize that peace is worth buying at
the price of a little cheap sover-
eignty.
DAILY OFFICIAL
BULLE TIN
(Continued from Page 2)
ural Science Building at 10 a.m. to-
day.
All Students in the School are
expected to attend, and classes in the
School will be dismissed for this pur-
pose.
U.S. Civil Service has announced
the following: Chief, Regional Medi-'
cal Division, $6,228 a year in Chicago,
for the states of Illinois, Michigan,
and Wisconsin. For further informa-
tion, call at the Bureau of Appoint-
ments and Occupational Informa-
tion, 201 Mason Hall. Office hours
are 9 to 12 a.m. and 2 to 4 p.m.
Identification Cards will be given
out in Rm. 4, University Hall Thurs-
day and Friday of this week.
The five-weeks' grades for Navy
and Marine trainees (other than
Engineers and Supply Corps) will be
due Dec. 9. Department offices will
be provided with special cards and
the Office of the Academic Counsel-
ors, 108 Mason Hall, will receive
these reports and transmit them to
the proper officers.
Notice: Miss Gertrude Bruns, Field
Adviser for Girl Scouts, will be at the
University Bureau of Appointments
and Occupational Information, to-
day. Any girls who are interested in
being interviewed for a position with
the Girl Scouts, should call the Bur-
eau to make an appointment for an
interview.
Lectures
University Lecture: Dr. Y.G. Chen,
President of the University of Nan-
king will lecture on the subject "To
Wn the Peace, as a Chinese Professor
Sees It," under the auspices of the
International Center and Committee
on Intercultural Relations, Wednes-
day, Dec. 6, at 8 pm. in the Rackham
Amphitheatre. The public is invited.
Academic Notices
Doctoral Examination for Murray
Malcolm Lipton, Bacteriology; the-
sis: "The Assay of Pneumococcus
Polysaccharide by the Falling Drop
Technique and Its Further Applica-
tion for the Determination of Anti-
body Nitrogen," Saturday, Dec. 2,
9 a.m., at 1564 East Medical Building.
Chairman, M. H. Soule.
By action of the Executive Board
the Chairman may invite members of
the faculties and advanced doctoral
candidates to attend this examina-
tion, and he may grant permission to
those who for sufficient reason might
wish to be present.
College of Literature, Science and
the Arts, Schools of Education, For-
estry, Music and Public Health: Stu-
dents who received marks of I or X
at the close of their last semester or
summer session of attendance will
receive a grade of E in the course
or courses unless this work is made
up by Dec. 2. Students wishing an
extension of time beyond this date in
order to make up this work should
file a petition addressed to the ap-

propriate official in their school with
Rm. 4, U.H. where it will be trans-
mitted.
Robert L. Williams
Assistant Registrar
Concerts
Carroll Glenn, violinist, with San-
ford Schlussel at the piano, will give
the fifth program in the Choral Union
Concert Series, Tuesday evening, Dec.
5, at 8:30, in Hill Auditorium. The
program is as follows: Bach Sonata
No. 1; Brahms Sonata No. 3; Poeme,
Chausson, Sonatina, Chavez; Prel-
ude, Gershwin-Heifetz; Improvisa-
tion, Kabalewsky; and Ravel's Tzi-
gane.
A limited number of tickets are
available at the offices of the Uni-
versity Musical Society, in Burton
Memorial Tower.
Exhibitions
Architecture Building, main corri-
dor cases, through Dec. 9, "How an
Advertisement Is Designed." An ex-
hibit furnished by courtesy of Young
& Rubicam, Inc., New York.
Events Today

o J/h 1oditor
No Campus Pride?
TT HAS been said all too often that
students and people around cam-
pus in general have lost a spirit of
friendliness, cooperation, and pride
in the school which they were sup-
posed to have had in "pre-war" days.
Many things seem to bear out this
assertion. A few-incidents try to dis-
prove it.
It seems to me that every person
on campus would try to do his bit
to keep it looking well. Certainly,
they would not go out of their way
to injure the property. Certainly,
they would not drive an automobile
across muddy lawns! Yet that is
exactly what some one did today.
About six p. m a 1941 green Ford
tudor with Georgia plates rolled up
to that side door of the Union which
residents of Allan-Rumsey and Wen-
ley Houses use, having been driven
across some #rass and up a wal
intended for pedestrians. Further-
more, the car was enough wider than
the walk to leave its imprint on one
side of that walk. This automobile
was driven by officers of the United
States Army, to who it would seem
the University has been exceedingly
kind and helpful, having given them
the entire East Quad and Law Quad
(until lately many fraternities, too)
and rooms and teachers throughout
the system.
Now would you, or would I, so mis-
use a car (provided Deans Bursley
and Rea would let us use one at all)?
Is there something about the Army
that teaches men respect for their
superior officers and disrespect for
everything and everyone else? And
is this sort of thing limited to two
Army officers or characteristic of the
modern U. of M, campus?
-Frank D. Amon
Reactions to Game-
JUST finished an article about the
Michigan-Ohio State football
game in the Daily of Nov. 29th writ-
ten by Hank Mantho. As I read the
chills ran up and down my spine for
that is just exactly how I felt as I
watched our team play and I know
that is the way the Ohio State fans
felt after the game. While there I
stayed at one of the girls dorms and
believe me, after the game I heard
only compliments, where I had taken
quite a razzing before hand. I have
never been prouder of my school and
fellows on the team than I was that
day for even in defeat, they gave me
the right to hold my head high and to
wear the maize and blue proudly.
Sat. night I had the opportunity to
meet some of the boys on the Ohio
State team and various other stu-
dents and they admitted that at dif-
ferent times, they were really fright-
ened about the outcome of the game.
Believe me, no Michigan student
need feel ashamed about our losing
that game, that team gave their all
and who could ask for more-not I.
At times like this I am very thank-
ful and proud that I am a student
here and can know such fellows and
such a spirit.
-Sara Lee Dunn
South America, the country of Uru-
,uay, and the steps Mexico has taken
toward building a democracy.
The Congregational-Disciples Guild
will hold a Friday Nite Frolic tonight
from 7:30 to 10. There will be games,
dancing, music and refreshments.
The early hour permits the atten-
dance of servicemen. Small charge
for refreshments.
B'nai Brith Hillel Foundation: Re-
ligious services will be conducted by

Rabbi Jehudah M. Cohen, Sam
Krohn, '44D, and A/S Eugene Malitz
tonight at 7:45. The Fireside Discus-
sion which will begin at 8:30 p.m.
will be led by Professor Palmer
Throop whose topic is "The Anti-
Rationalism of Fascism." Refresh-
ments and a social hour will follow.
Coming Events
The Roger Williams Guild, invites
all Baptist students and their friends
to come and enjoy their evening of
music Saturday, Dec. 2. Beginning
at 8:30 at the Guild House, 502 E.
Huron the following numbers will be
presented:
Ballade in A Flat, Chopin-Miss
Marie Turner. Play Fiddle, Play,
Deutsch; Serenade Espanol, Claz-
inoue-Miss Mary Kanno. The Sun-
beam, Clokey; The Catbird, Clokey-
Miss Lorna Storgaard. Romance,
Schumann-Miss Barbara Storgaard.
Goddess of the Inland Sea, Peters-
Miss Ann van Leeuwen. Bouree,
Bach; Homage to Kouch, Forst;
Chanson dans la Nuit, Salzedo-Miss
Mary Masters.
Avukah, Student Zionist Organi-
zation, "Why Zionism?" is the sub-
ject of a discussion by Elmer Swack,
M.S. pol. sci. Sunday, Dec. 3 at the
Hillel Foundation at 8:15 p.m. An
organizational neeting for all those

n

BARNABY By Crockett Johnson

f.

We'll get her a nice fresh hide.
From an ermine we've caught
ourselves ... Luckily, your Fairy

We'll dig a huge pit here by the
brook! ... And when a large buck
ermine comes stomping up to the 3

I

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