Cloudy and continued cold.
ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, WEDNESDAY, NOV. 29, 1944
PRICE FIVE CENTS
1 1 J
Tension Mounts as
Citizens March on
CIty o russels
National Strike Is Scheduled for
Tomorrow as Protest Against Pierlot
BRUSSELS, NOV. 28-(P)-Tension mounted hourly tonight on the
eve of the "national day of protest" as marching columns of demonstrators
from all parts of the country approached the capital.
Inside the city the crisis seemed to have eased as a scheduled demon-
stration in the vicinity of the Chamber of Deputies failed to materialize
after Premier Hubert Pierlot told Parliament in one of his strongest
speeches that it should be banned.
Meet at Angell
The Michigan Debate Squad will
hold its first organized meeting of
the year for both men and women to-
morrow at 4 p. m. in Rm. 4203 Angell
Plans of the debate squad, which is
under the supervision of Prof. Ken-
neth G. Hance of the speech depart-
ment, will follow the same pattern as
last year, and debates will be held
with the maJority of other colleges
and universities in Michigan.
50 Debates Held Last Year
Last year approximately 50 inter-
collegiate debates were held before
audiences averaging 3500 people.
Last year the debaters also took part
in off-campus programs scheduled by
the University Extension Service in
the field of adult education and they
will continue to do so this year.
High School Forums
Thus far this term the activities
of the debate squad have been limit-
ed to prticipation in forums for
high school debaters. Today four
members (>f the squad, John Condylis,
Martin Schapero, Joyce Siegan and
Bob Acton, will participate in prac-
tice debates with high school students
in Ann Arbo. Tomorrow, Bob Acton
and Joyce Siegan will travel to Lan-
sing Eastern High School and Mon.,
Nov. 4, all four debaters will debate
at Saline High School. Wednesday,
Nov. 6, they will participate in a
debate forum with Ann Arbor High
School. All of these debates will be
on the high school question, "Resolv-
ed: That the legal voting age be
lowered to 18 years."
Shipping Loss Is
WASHINGTON, Nov. 28.- OP-
Now that the tide has turned and
new construction is outstripping los-
ses, Britain disclosed today that the
United Nations and neutrals lost
22,161,000 gross tons of shipping
Simultaneously, the War Shipping
Administration reported that this
country lost 753 ships aggregating
3,311,000 tons from the beginning of
the war through last year.
While no figures were announced
on losses in 1944, indications are that
the highly favorable ratio of new
construction over losses, established
last year, is continuing.
Britain alone lost 2,921 vessels
aggregating 11,643,000 gross tons-
roughly one-third more than the
entire United States Merchant Ma-
rine before the war.
Bomb ' Nluernberg
LONDON, Nov. 28.-VP)- Nuern-.
berg was bombed tonight by the
strongest force of Mosquitos ever
dispatched to Germany to attack a
single target, the Air Ministry an -
While poor operational weather
kept British-based heavy bombers on
the ground, the Mosquitos dashed
deep into the Reich.
Today Deadline for senior offices
in the College of Engi-
Nov. 30 Oratorical Series lecture
by Lillian Gish. at 8:30
p. mn, at Hill Auditorium.
Nov. 30 Prof. Preston Slosson lec-
ture 7:30 p. m. at Rack-
Nov. 31 Deadline for petitions fori
Snnitions on Union Board
The first clashes between the po-
lice and the demonstrators march-
ing toward the capital from the pro-
vinces were reported to have flared
on the road from Ath to Brussels
this morning. Eyewitnesses told of
hearing gunfire, but said they raced
by without stopping to get details.
A general strike is scheduled to
take place tomorrow, with Commu-
nists, who are roughly 40,000 strong
in the resistance movement, insist-
ing on complete paralyzation of the
nation's industrial and economic life
until the Pierlot regime falls. Other
resistance factions, estimated at 70,-
000 members, however, have called
for the strike to last one day and
As a general alert went into effect,
the city appeared calm late tonight.
Great crowds lined up at streetcar
stops waiting for transportation
home, but, although today's tram
strike had petered out, there were
few cars running.
The Chamber of Deputies gave
Pierlot a resounding vote of confi-
dence today while British tanks stood
guard outside the building.
76 Million for
WASHINGTON, Nov. 28.-(IP)-The
Administration made its first request
today for cash to help get post-war
employment rolling toward President
Roosevelt's goal of 60,000,000 jobs.
The President asked Congress to
appropriate $75,900,000. The money
may be included in a defiiciency ap-
propriation bill before the end of the
year, since Congress already has
approved the purpose for which it
will be spent.
The idea is for the Federal Works
Agency to split most of it up-not
give it away, but lend it-among
states, counties and cities on a popu-
lation basis. They, in turn, would
spend it on plans, blueprints and
engineering for schools, hospitals
and other public works.
Then, if employment needs a stim-
ulant in the reconversion period,
contracts can be let and the projects
started immediately- provided the
states, counties and towns have the
construction money. The loans will
be repayable when construction
We have ...
County . . .... ... . .. . $810,323
University ...........$ 11,089
We need ...
County ............. $7,353,677
University... .....$ 88,911
LONDON, Nov. 29, Wednesday-
(A)-The London Daily Mail said
today that Generalissimo and Mrs.
Chiang Kai-Shek have separated
and that she may make her home
in Miami, Fa:
In a Calcutta dispatch, The Mail
reported it had been common,
knowledge in Chungking for some
time that the Chiangs were 'un-
happy and the break finally was
made after an open disagreement
at a Chungking tea party.
Mrs. Chiang, who is in the
United States for medical treat-
ment, is "likely to carry out a lec-
ture tour on the Chinese political
situation, which is bound to create
a sensation," The Mail said.
Robots Used ais
Expert Tells of Value,
Purpose of Attacks
By BOB GOLDMAN
Reminding his audience that
America must evaluate military wea-
pons solely on the basis of their
power to destroy the enemy war
machine, Col. Henry W. Miller yes-
terday told members of Sigma Rho
Tau, "I regard German robot bombs
purely as terror devices," with rela-
tively little military value.
Unmaneuverable at High Speed
Col. Miller, head of the University
department of mechanism and engi-
neering drawing, and an expert on
artillery and war weapon design said,
"Robot planes, travelling at a terrific
rate of speed, are unmaneuverable.
In addition four-fifths of their 14-
ton weight has to be propellant,
therefore their destructive power
cannot be too great."
Much of the Nazi war technique
has been a warfare of terror, he
pointed out, "but peoples can never
be frightened into submission."
Witnessed Paris Bombing
"I witnessed the bombing of Paris
during World War I when the Pari-
sians took the situation calmly and
the British during the present con-
flict corroborate this theory," he
Explaining that "we must look at
jet propulsion from the standpoint
of accuracy, Col. Miller asserted, "We
know that the German V-1 bomb
never hits its objective, except by
"The reason for the reported dam-
age to English residential districts
as a result of the robot attacks can
be accounted for when you stop to
consider that homes in Great Britain
are usually in congested sections,"
he said. Also, the English will report
a house damaged if a pane of glass is
broken, he added.
Value of Short-Range Rockets
Pointing to the value of short-
range rockets Col. Miller stated, "I
do not doubt the importance of the
bazooka for ranges up to 500 yards,
and landing boat rockets are exceed-
ingly practical, but it does not seem
worth the effort to supply scarce U.S.
fuel for jet propulsion research."
Col. Miller, who served as Chief
Engineer for heavy artillery of the
AEF during World War I, was the
lone member of the Allied forces to
recover plans of the famous 'Paris
Gun,' used by the Germans to shell
the French capital, and said to have
had a range of more than 70 miles.
WLB Approves $2
Weekly Pay Boost
In Southern Cities
WAR AT A GLANCE
By The Associated Press,
WESTERN FRONT-Third Army
breaks into Saar Basin. Big battle at
Siegfried Line appears near.
PACIFIC FRONT-Jap air forces
raid American warships. Ground
action on Leyte remains static.
BELGIUM-Tension mounts hour-
ly in Brussels. Marchers approach
capital from all parts of country.
RUSSIAN FRONT-Reds advance'
westward all across Slovakia.
WASHINGTON, NOV. 28-(G)-
The War Labor Board announced to-
night its approval of $2.00 weekly
pay increases for long distance tele-
phone operators employed by the
American Telephone and Telegraph
Co. at Louisville and Memphis.
At the same time, the Board made
public a WLB panel's recommenda-
tion for a $5.00 weekly increase for
5,800 long distance operators at New
York City and an additional $1 week-
ly for the $475 Louisville and 430
Memphis operators. The company
estimated the increases, if granted,
would advance operating expenses by
WLB Chairman William H. Davis
announced the $2 award increasing
minimum and maximum rates for
Louisville and Memppis operators
from $15 to $25 per week to $17 and
$27. This had been recommended
jointly by the company and the Fed-
eration of Long Line Telephone
s Workers, independent union repre-
senting the operators.
The Panel's recommendations,
completed October 2 but withheld
until now to permit preparation of
an industry dissenting opinion, also
called for reducing the progression
period from the minimum to the
maximum wage from 12 to nine years
at New York and from 11 to 10 years
at Memphis and Louisville.
Jap Air Force
Raids US. Ships
Ormoc Corridor Battle
Static; Storms Persist
GENERAL MACARTHUR'S HEAD-
QUARTERS, PHILIPPINES, WED-
NESDAY, NOV. 29-(P)-Japanese
air forces have heavily raided Amer-
ican warships, including a battleship,
in Leyte Gulf, a headquarters com-
munique said today,
The determined raid was made
Some damage was inflicted on the
American craft, Gen. Douglas A.
MacArthur's communique reported.
Ground action in the struggle for
the Ormoc Corridor on northwestern
Leyte remained static as terrific
American naval units bombarded
Accurate anti-aircraft fire from
American warships knocked idown 13
of the raiding enemy planes. Two
were shot down by Yank airplanes.
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON, Nov. 28.- Now
thatehe's about to be Secretary of
State, Edward R. Stettinius Jr., is
expected to push ahead reorganiza-
tion of the State Department, espe-
cially toward meshing economic and
Colleagues don't think Stettinius
will make any spectacular policy
reversals or shake-ups when he form-
-Associated Press roto
ally takes over the reins, but he is
sure to continue progressive stream-
lining of the department, they say.
To Coordinate Sections
Main goal would be to gear to-
gether political divisions and eco-
nomic sections working on similar
problems. One favored plan, which
may eventually be adopted, would be
to eliminate the present division set-
up and have geographical offices
comprising both economic and politi-
Another likely move would be de-
velopment of a group of special
advisers around Stettinius. His exec-
utive technique, which he used in
business as well as in the lend-lease
administration, is to gather a team
of trusted colleagues about him and
give them wide responsibility.
To Follow Predecessor
A confirmed internationalist, Stet-
tinius is considered sure to follow
Cordell Hull's footsteps in trying to
organize the world for peace and to
cut down trade barriers.
He will undoubtedly take an active
part in forming a loan program for
allied nations to come into operation
when lend-lease is cut off with the
end of the war. Some lend-lease
funds may be left over, Stettinius has
said, and they could be reappropri-
ated by Congress for long term small
interest credits to friendly countries."
Hull Writes Successor
WASHINGTON, NOV. 28-(P)-
Cordell Hull, retiring Secretary of
State, today wrote his successor, Ed-
ward R. Stettinius, Jr., that "I shall
stand ever ready to be of such assist-
ance to you as lies in my power."
Drive to Faenza
ROME, NOV. 28-(/P)-British
troops have cleared the Lamone
River's east bank for five miles north-
east of Faenza and have sent patrols
lancing across the stream on the
southwest in a gathering threat to
that strategic highway city at the
edge of the Po plain, Allied head-
quarters announced today.
The patrols crossed the river-
where they were but three miles
from the city yesterday-and estab-
lished contact with the Germans de-
ployed on high ground before Fa-
Third Army Enters Saar
Basin, Full-Scale Battle
Shaping at Siegfried Line
By The Associated Press
SUPREME HEADQUARTERS, AL-
LIED EXPEDITIONARY FORCE,
PARIS, NOV. 28-The U. S. Third
Army broke into the rich Saar Basin
along a new seven-mile front today
and a full-scale battle at the Sieg-
fried Line appeared near as three
main fortress cities of Saarbrucken,
Saarlautern and Merzig were brought
within American artillery range.
To the north the U. S. Ninth Army
seized three towns on the west banks
of the flooded Roer and Inde Rivers,
closing in on the stronghold of Ju-
lich from three directions, while the
U. S. First Army squeezed closer to
Duren, another barrier to the Co-
Fighter-Bombers Support Attack
As the hard-working U. S. First
and Ninth Army battle teams fought
deeper into the enemy's tough Roer
River line, hundreds of fighter-bomb-
ers roared out in close support of the
Lt. Gen. George S. Patton's Third
Army, in gains totaling seven miles,
lengthened its holding inside Ger-
many to a front of 26 miles.'
The newest gains placed Third Ar-
my troops within three and a half
B ULLE TIN
By The Associated Press
The unconfi'med claim that a
"powerful Japanese unit" effected
a bloodless counterlanding Nov. 26
on American-held Morotai Island,
300 miles south of the Philippines,
was made today in a Tokyo broad-
cast recorded by the Federal Coi-
Gen. Douglas MacArthur's men
invaded Morotai in mid-September
in preparation for the October re-
invasion of the Philippines."
"Bitter fighting is progressing on
the (Morotai) Island between our
unit and American troops," the
Tokyo said, "Not a single soldier
of our unit was lost in this success-
ful surprise landing operation."
MacArthur has used Morotai as
an air and light naval base.
miles of Saarlautern and within eight
and a half miles of Saarbrucken.
They previously were reported within
two miles of Merzig.
A front dispatch from Lewis Haw-
kins, Associated Press correspondent,
said some prisoners reported non-es-
sential civilians already were being
evacuated from the three cities, as
well as from the French border cities
of Sarreguemines and Forbach.
95th Crosses Frontier
It was the fast-rolling 95th Divi-
sion which lunged across the German
frontier as far as Duren, ten miles
south of Merzig, and Berus, three
miles farther southeast. Both are
a mile inside the border.
At the same time, the 90th Divi-
sion moved up to the Saar border
at a new quarter-beyond Geurst-
ling, eight miles southwest of Mer-
Lillian Gish WFill
Give Lecture at
Lillian Gish, noted star of stage
and screen, who will speak on her
career "From Hollywood to Broad-
way" at 8:30 p. m. tomorrow at Hill
Auditorium, will be introduced by
Valentine B. Windt, director of Play
Third speaker on the Oratorical
Association series, Miss Gish will tell
of her many experiences with the
great of the theater.
Impressed With Changes
Miss Gish has been impressed with
the change in Hollywood since the
early days of the movies. When she
describes her impressions of the new
land of luxury, she contrasts it with
the old days when, "Many of the
screen ,actresses of a few years ago
made all their costumes, and helped
with the settings and the lights, as
well as contributing to the writing of
Beginning her motion picture, ca-
reer in 1913, she only recently made
her first sound movie, "Commandos
Strike at Dawn."
Home Service Draftee=
By The Associated Press
OTTAWA, NOV. 28-New disturb-
ances among Canadian home service
draftees facing assignment on the
western front broke out in far west-
ern Canada today as parliament's
secret session on the conscription
crisis dragged on into the night.
A regiment of infantry from Sas-
katchewan-among the 16,000 the
government is sending' overseas as
reinforcements-remained in camp
at Terrace, British Columbia, under
threat of armed violence from strik-
Strikers Called 'Mutineers'
A military spokesman at Terrace,
a center of opposition to the plan
to send abroad draftees who were
conscripted for home service only,
frankly described the strikers as
"mutineers" since they interfered
with other troops in the perform-
ance of their duty.
Some 300 soldiers of a French-
Canadian unit, most of them in steel
helmets and carrying rifles, left their
camp at Terrace and marched to the
camp of an English speaking unit.
An hournlater 1,500 men with rifies
and Bren guns left this camp and,
marched on a third, taking along a
truck believed to have been com-
Troop Train Idle
A waiting troop train, meanwhile,
stood idle on a siding and the drafted
soldiers remained at their camps.
After three days of demonstrations,
often marked by violence, at half a
dozen west coast draftee camps,
authorities stopped their pay and
allowances and began military in-
quiries. Both French and English-
speaking regiments were involved.
The secret session of the House of
Commons, expected to last only an
hour as members sought figures on
the reinforcements to be sent abroad,
continued throughout the afternoon.
LONDON, Nov. 29, Wednesday-
(P)-Advancing westward all across
the breadth of Czechoslovakia and
clearing the Germans from the right
bank of the Tisza River in northern
Hungary, the Red Army scored ad-
vances of as much as 14 miles yester-
day on closely linked fronts more
thn 110 miles long, Moscow disclosed.
60 Towns Captured
The Russian communique which
announced these gains, with capture
of more than 60 communities in
Czechoslovakia and 14 in upper Hun-
gary, was silent concerning a Ger-
man announcement that Soviet
troops, in a new drive west of the
Danube 98 miles south of Budapes,
had seized Mohacs and were pushing
toward the coal-mining city of Pecs
in southwest Hungary.
Paris Claims Advance
The Paris radio said the Red Army
also was approaching Lake Balaton,
55 miles northwest of Pecs, but on
this, too, the Russians were silent.
The Russians never have con-
firmed any operations west of the
Danube, about which the Germans
have ben broadcasting for more than
Although Moscow dispatches said
heavy rainfall hampered operations
during the day, the Soviet communi-
que disclosed steady advances on the
right-angled front across Slovakia
and in northern Hungary.
Of Ct. Carlo Sforza
ROME, NOV. 28-O/P)--British Amx-
BUTT ME NO BUTTS:
Cigarettes Are Where You Fn Them
By RAY SHINN
Of all sad words of tongue or pen,
the saddest are these: "Sorry. No
Cigarette shelves are empty, yet a
recent Daily survey of a dozen cam-
pus drug stores, including the League
and the Union, reveals that nearly
every one of them does have cigar-
ettes in stock practically all the time.
Merchants are imposing a sort of
voluntary rationing system on them-
selves. Though they do have cigar-
ettes, by limiting their sale to cer-
tain times and certain individuals,
they are more easily able to keep
sales fairly even.
Half of the businesses canvassed
admitted that they hold out cigar-
ettes for "regular" customers.
Sometimes, too, they said, they do
have cizarettes but refuse to give
supply lasts a whole day. Quickest
turnover is at the necessarily impar-
tial Union desk, where three to five
cartons are snapped up within 15
minutes each of the three times daily
they are put on sale there.
WASHINGTON, NOV. 28-(P)-
The House Agriculture Committee
didn't find out what's causing the
cigaret shortage today-but it
heard a number of reasons why
there shouldn't be one.
There is an 18-months stock of
tobacco on hand.
The largest tobacco crop in hi-
story was produced this year.
Cigaret manufacturing has
doubled since the war and a lower
percentage of tobacco production
youth, whether or not they sold
them any cigarettes.
Opinion as to how long the short-
age will last is divided. Several said
"for the duration." One merchant
expected the shortage tobe relieved
by the first of the year, and another
by April 1. A recent OWI release
sighted relief sometime in 1946, stat-
ing that farmers will be allowed to
grow a three per cent larger tobacco
crop next season.
No matter how difficult they find
conditions now, nearly all of the
merehants are emphatic in saying
there should be no cigarette ration-
ing. Most of them believe that for-
mal rationing would be more trouble
than good, adding "one more thing
to the hardships the average mer-
chant has to contend with already."
One said that rationing cigar-
ettes, as with rationing other com-