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November 28, 1944 - Image 2

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The Michigan Daily, 1944-11-28

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UISDAY,- NOV. 28, 1944

PAGE TWO T1L1~SJ)AX~ NQi& 28, 1044

Fifty-Fifth Year

Kung Ousted in China's Politics'

.1 I - I if

Pen datum


Edited and managed by students of the University
of Michigan under the authority of the Board in Control
of Student Publications.

Evelyn Phillips
Stan Wallace
Ray Dixon
Hank Mantho
Dave Loewenberg
Mavis Kennedy

Editorial Staff
. . . Managing Editor
.. . City Editor
. ..Associate Editor
Sports Editor
Associate Sports Editor
. Women's Editor
Business Staff

Lee Amer
Barbara Chadwick
June Pomering

. . s Business Manager
Associate Business Mgr.
* . Associate Business Mgr.

Telephone 23-24.1
Member of The Associated Press
The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to ,the use
for republication of all news dispatches credited to it or
otherwise credited in this newspaper. All rights of re-
publication of all other mEtters herein also reserved.
Entered at the Post Office at Ann Arbor, Michigan, as
second-class mail matter.
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rier, $4,50, by mail, $5.25.
Member, Associated Collegiate Press, 194344
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.

Bond Drive

THE POSTERS, editorials, and pep talks we
are receiving on the war, are the University
and the country's way of serving notice that
the Sixth War Loan campaign is underway,
and that it is everybody's business to help raise
Washtenaw County's $8,164,000 quota.
The United States has had many wars. In
1776 the 3,000 ragged and outnumbered Con-
tinental volunteers, hard-pressed by the British
waged a bitter battle under the leadership of
their general, George-Washington. Washington
need not have taken the leadership of that ill-
equipped, seldom paid Continental Army. He
was the wealthiest planter in Virginia and one
of the richest men in the colonies.
The United States of America is fighting
another war today. This time with an army
of millions of American boys, and not a
handful. The present war cost more in arms
and machines than the Revolutionary War.
We are today spending 250 million dollars a
day in a war to rid the world of oppression
and suffering, just as the colonist fought to
rid this country of the tyrannical rule of the
British Crown.
This is a war in which warships, merchant-
men, armed men and machines, and great air-
crafts are engaged. The war must be paid if
we win or lose. If we lose we will pay in national
enslavement; if we win we will pay for world
freedom. We must pay for world freedom.
We must pay the cost by putting what we can
spare of our earnings and savings into the safest
investment in the world-interest bearing United
States War Bonds.
We must all put our money and faith behind
the government of this country, and of the
other countries, who are fighting for world
freedom. Investing in bonds will safeguard
our world against enslavement by the oppres-
-Aggie Miller
Awareness Needed
URGING a greater awareness of the world
around us, Edgar Ansel Mowrer, speaking
at Hill Auditorium on "The War and the Road
to Peace," made recommendations directly ap-
plicable to every student in the University.
Peace demands, he said, an international
viewpoint, an understanding of world happen-
ings; so that never again will we be unaware
that events in Germany or Japan or Italy or
Spain or even Ethiopia are of sufficient im-
portance to cause a global war.
This awareness is the responsibility of every
individual who sincerely wants to prevent future
Mowrer suggested courses in international af-
fairs. The University offers such courses, but
all too often they constitute primarily an out-
line of governments that have existed. They
must be revitalized in such a way to enable
students to intelligently analyze current hap-
In addition he emphasized the function of the
press, now wholly inadequate to the task of
keeping international affairs before the public
eye. In a Midwestern city, he pointed out, he
found a newspaper with more space devoted to
football than to world affairs.
Said Mowrer, "I can tell you from my experi-
ence as a foreign correspondent, war is by far
a superior sport to football."
War and potential war in the form of imper-
ialism, with all its resultant abuses, is more
excitingr than football It means bombs and

WASHINGTON, NOV. 27-Bitter Brothers-in-
Law. The ousting of Dr. H. H. Kung as
Chinese Minister of Finance was a victory for
Foreign Minister T V. Scong. Both are broth-
ers-in-law of Chiang Kai-Shek, both for a time
were stationed in the U. S. A., but scarcely
spoke to each other. Even Madame Chiang,
when she came here last year, saw her brother,
T. V. Soong, only briefly. But smart T. V. Soong
returned to China, got back in the good graces
of brother-in-law Chiang, while his sister, the
Generalissimo's wife, now not in her husband's
good graces, departed . .. Such is Chinese poli-
Lieut. General Mark Clark's daughter Ann
sent a letter to her papa in Italy the other
day addressed in a unique way. She merely
drew her father's profile on the envelope
under the word "To." Under the picture of
her Dad, she wrote the word "At" and then
drew the Fifth Army shield. There was no
name or address, but the letter reached Gen-
eral Clark pronto . . . Bete noir Sidney Hill-
man, who sent shivers down Hannegan's spine
but got out the vote, will leave for London
shortly to help set up the world labor confer-
ence. R. J. Thomas of the CIO auto workers,
and Emil Rieve of the CIO textile union, will
go with him. That's why the AFL is playing
aloof from London.
Fiery Fiohella La Guardia is balking about
going to Italy because Brass Hats in the War
Department won't give him authority. Says the
Little Flower: "Either you're allowed to do
something or you're not. And I'm not going
to Italy and sit on my fanny." . . . One off the-
record remark of Winston. Churchill's never be-
fore published can now see the light of cold
print. In 1940, as France fell and Britain's back
was to the wall, he told Parliament how, if the
Nazi hordes stormed English beaches, the Brit-
ish army would beat them off to the last man.
During subsequent applause, Churchill leaned
over to Anthony Eden and said sotto voce: "But
I don't know what in hell we're going to do it
with. We're going to have to hit the buggers
over the head with bottles." . . . Although the
world didn't know it, Roosevelt jumped in,
emptied U. S. arsenals, sent everything to Eng-
land. . . . Another Churchill off-the-record re-
mark which Presidential aides are still chuckling
over was when FDR went into Churchill's room
in the White House one morning and found
him walking up and down the room, dictating
to a secretary-cigar in mouth, but not a stitch
of clothing on except' bedroom slippers. Chur-
chill, unabashed, remarked: "I have nothing to
conceal, Mr. President."
Western War Notes. Decision for the pres-
ent big push against Germany was made by
General ln arshall when he conferred with Es-
enhower in France, 31'arshall made th, final
decision, figured we had one last chance to
break Germany before January 1. After that
date, the fighting will be more dificult.. . Also,
by spring, when the ground thaws, Hitler .will
have had time to train a million fresh troops.
They are not high-quality manpower, but
they could help prolong the war. At present,
Hitler is just about out of reserves . . . When
the U. S. Third Army takes the Saar basin
with its rich coal mines, a partial load will be
taken off U. S. industry. WPB experts figure
that Saar coal going to French factories will
mean we won't have to export so much to
Navy-MacArthur Feuding has broken out all
over again. It was bad during the early stages
of the war two years ago, but was patched up by
Admiral Nimitz and MacArthur personally .
Now MacArthur blames the Navy for letting
Jap troops sneak ashore on Leyte, while the
Navy blames "Dug-out Doug" for jumping the
gun with far too optomistic communiques . .
Also, they point out that the Japs have built
about 100 air bases on nearby islands and it's
tough for carrier-based planes to compete with
land-based planes ..If Doug had built as
many air bases as the Japs when he commanded
the Philippines before Pearl Harbor, the Navy
claims it might not now be necessary to retake
the Philippines . . . With MacArthur the boss

man in the Philippine theatre, the Navy has
coined a new twist to the GOP's "Sidney" cam-
paign slogan. In the Pacific, they say it's
"Clear everything with Doug."
France's Demand that Spain sit at the peace
table is not going to get very far despite the
frantic appeals of U. S. Ambassador Carlton
Hayes. Roosevelt is thumbs down on the Franco
proposal. Needless to say, Stalin, who wouldn't
send air delegates to Chicago because the Span-
iards were there, will not let Franco anywhere
near the main ring of the Peace Conference.
. Meanwhile, Ambassador Hayes is constant-
ly dinning the State Department to get more
oil, textiles, other strategic materials for Franco.
. . Ira Nelson Morris' best-selling "Liberty
A DISPATCH from China reports that Super-
fortresses carried out an attack in spite of
a hurricane. In view of the known strength of
the Superfort, perhaps some few words need
be said as to how the hurricane made out.
-St. Louis Post Dispatch

Street" is being rewritten for Broadway . . .
President Osmena is making arrangements to
return the body of the late President Quezon
to the Philippines ... Osmena left his personal
aide here to look after Mrs. Quezon and her
family . . . The AFL is about the only outfit
which wants the lame-duck Dies Committee con-
tinued. Reason is disclosed in the AFL annual
report, as follows: "At present, it (the Dies
Committee) is engaged in investigating the Poli-
tical Action Committee of the CIO."
(Copyright, 1944, by United Featur tSyndicate, Inc.)
Detroit Plans
ETROIT, MICHIGAN, NOV. 27-The city of
Detroit is planning four dream palaces as
welfare buildings, and four dream swimming
pools, a dream public library, several dream po-
lice stations, and a dream sewage pumping plant.
Most of the plans call for buildings in the
standard modern style of architecture, with
great concrete eyebrows overhanging blank
glass faces,
Postwar planning here is as necessary as
water. There are 750,000 .employed in heavy
war industry now in the Detroit area. It has
been figured that, even at the 1940 level of
civilian production, 300,000 would lose their
jobs. If the best Detroit can do is get back to
the 1940 level, the 300,000 would lose their new
jobs just as the soldiers come home for their
old jobs.
The problem is too big for the city govern-
ment to swing, and it knows it. The city has
plans for $270,000,000 worth of projects, all
told, but it has only $22,000,000 in sight to pay
the bill. That's about equal to one week's
payroll in this territory. The city is turning,
twisting, looking for money. It thought it
was going to get $11,000,000 by putting an ex-
cise tax on the excess profits of local utilities,
but rate reductions were put into effect, in-
stead, which makes sense, too, and this source
was cut to $2,500,000. You probably can't base
a postwar future on utility overcharges in
any case, But this gives some idea of the
desperate intentness with which city officials
are scraping every resource, fearful of the day
Nobody knows what th current population
total in Detroit is. But the street cars and bus
lines, which used to take in about $19,000,000
a year before the war, will collect more than
$36,000,000 this year, at the same fares. The
question is whether the new passengers are
riding a bubble. The question is in the air.
Almost every want ad for labor promises "a se-
cure postwar job." The advertisers know that
is what working people want to hear. Money
doesn't impress them, but security is peaches
and cream.
When you look at Mayor Jeffries' local gov-
ernment, writhing, striving, straining to meet
the problem, you realize how impotent local
government really is in our day, and what an
empty tootle on a tin horn is the cry for a
"return to local self-rule." One corporation
here alone, General Motors, has a $500,000,000
reconversion and expansion plan, and that rep-
resents almost fifty times the cash resources
which the whole city of Detroit is able to bring
to bear on the problem. But reconversion and
expansion depend on high national economic
policy, and not on town meetings.
The answer is in the factories and on the
farms, or else there isn't going to be an
answer. In Detroit, just looking at the lines
outside the restaurants, you understand what
was in the mind of Charles E. Wilson, head
of General Electric, when he came out sud-
denly for keeping peace time wages as close
to war-time wages as possible, while holding
the prices of civilian goods down to prewar
levels. In Iowa, the same; I heard farm
people talking about the need for keeping
wage rates up. Both Charles E. Wilson and
the farm leaders I talked to were thinking of
high wages because they were placing their
bets on volume.
In Detroit you reaize a we can't go back.

Going back to 1939 means a reduction of $30,-
000,000,000 in national income. It's not recon-
version we need, but a second conversion, to
a permanently higher level of output.
We need to pour some reinforced concrete
around the bubble, while the bubble's still there
to give shape and form to the future.
(Copyright, 1944, New York Post Syndicate)
On Second Thought.
N OW THAT our big bombers have clipped
the Nip at their home base of operations
for the second time in as many years, let's
hope that the Tokyokayo is not far behind.
This is one form of capital punishment that
will not meet with any Allied objections.
As Canada finally opens the fighting window
long enough to let the draft in, Prime Mini-
ster King totters on his throne. Knowing his
far-famed ability to straddle controversial is-
sues, however, we don't believe his Zombies
will turn out to be Mickey Finns.

T HE U. S. A., the U. S. S. A., and



Great Britain have agreed to act "big name," even though he may be
collectively in scotching future ag- in the last lap of his career. seems
gression. This is the significance of tocaptivate the Ann Arbor intelli-
Dumbarton Oaks. But no preflgu- gentsia more than one whose repu-
tation may not be so well known to
ration of tomorrow's world can be this select group. Despite the dull

made on the basis of it. For therei
was a nebulous quality about thet
proceedings and an undercurrent ofc
dissension within them that are om-
Fear that a tripartite hegemony
of the world is in the offing has been7
strengthened rather than lessened in
the past few months. The crucial is-
sue relative to one nation's veto pow-
er in a projected United Nations '
Council has not been resolved. Rus-
sia favors the principle of unanimity.
Under it, if Russia, or Britain, or
the U. S. A. embarks on an imperial-
istic campaign and does not call it
"aggression," no retaliatory steps can
be taken. If America casts covet-
ous eyes on her southern neighbors
in the name of manifest destiny, a
monkey wrench will be thrown into.
the machinery of peace. If England
decides to expand a little, say by
permanently stationing troops in
Abyssinia, all is lost.-I
One is baffled by Russian diplo-I
macy on this score. Certainly it acts
as much to her detriment as to
ours. The gradual admission of other
countries into a world organization
has been understood as imperative
in any post-war plan. Some day
Guatemala may enter a new league
of nations. What happens in case
it declares war on Peru and refuses
to consider its act aggressive? Will
Guatemala go untouched? We hope
the principle of unanimity never.
reaches such absurd limits.
But in the meantime the Three
Great Powers seem indisposed to
worry unduly about the fate of
little nations. They are engaged in
erecting spheres of influence which
can but be viewed with alarm,
Great Britain is destined to domi-
nate the Mediterranean area while
Russia plays father object to ,the
An Iranian deal has been brewing
for some time to divide oil concessions
in the Middle East between the Al-
lies. Of a sudden Harold Ickes, who
used to make the big oil magnets
wrathy, has become their friend and
benefactor. Otherwise liberal, sec-
retary of the Interior, Mr. Ickes fav-
ors building pipelines through Saudi-
Arabia in connivance with the war
lords on one hand and Standard Oil
on the other. All of which is being
done quite amicably; this is recipro-
city at long last-only with a differ-
ence. And this is a good chance of
preserving the peace-but at what a
Heretofore great feats have been
expressed as to whether an inter-
national police force would not be
put to use for questionable ends.
It migt be deployed to curb an In-
dian insurrection or a Porto Rican
riot. The worse possibility envisioned
has been that an international army
could put a precarious lid on the
status quo by quashing unrest every-
Worse luck, we have no guarantee
that democratic governments will
forever remain intact. Dictatorships
couhld use an international army for
maintenance of peace by suppress-
ing democracy. Or so called democ-
racies, bent on extending their mar-
kets to new fields of exploitation, may
ensure, by force, the kind of prefer-
ential peace they want.
This discussion is of course a trifle
premature. President Roosevelt was
said at least once that he opposes a
world police force., However, any
swing in national sentiment here
might alter that view.
From the progressive standpoint
if a majority vote is enough to de-
cide if acts of aggression have been
committed, F.D.R. should back the
idea; if a unanimous vote is required
he should continue to oppose it.
America will not have fought this
war to gain and divide booty. If we
loved peace more than pustice there
would be no war at all. For justice

to prevail, it must first exist as it
surely does not now. Preparatory
steps must be taken to create a just
economic order which, once done,
can't then be preserved. It is singu-
lar as Samuel Grafton has observed
that many isolationists who are
against every other internationalist
proposal, still like the idea of an
international police force. And why
not--so long as they reap their pro-
fits in a world undisturbed by violent
Now is the time for all good men
to ask as they have Since time im-
memorial, "Who will guard the
guardians?" and more topically, "A
police force to what end?"
By Crockett Johnson

response of the latter and especially
the obvious indifference of the boy
on the reviewer's right who was so
engrossed in the Saturday Evening
Post, this writer heartily enjoyed the
carefully selected and well balanced
Entirely unhampered by his tem-
perature rate of 102 degrees, Mr.
Barere displayed a technique that
consisted of perfect control and
dynamic power.
Unlike most performers who need
a few warming up exercises Mr.
Barere began a recital that did not
falter for the slightest interval. From
the beginning of the serene Pastorale
to the tremendous climax of Loeilly's
extremely vital Gigue, a continuously
good presentation was maintained.
The big moment of the concert was

the Carnaval. This grandiose and M.E. 35 Closs will be held at 9 a.m.
very difficult suite has as many in- Wednesday as usual. This corrects
terpretations as there are pianists. the announcement made last Fri-
Consequently, a preferred one is a day.
matter for the listener to decide. A Charles B. Gordy

convincing performance that had as
its source a vivitd imagination was
presented. However Mr. Barere has
a habit of exaggerating fast tempi.
Unfortunately he sometimes sacri-
fices clarity for this cause. This was
manifested in some of the more bril-
liant passages of the work. But the
quality of the tone and dynamic
intensity overshadowed by far these
The high standard of Mr. Barere's
talents was preserved throughout the
remainder of the program. The Liszt
and Chopinsencores should be in-
cluded in this category.
-Kay Engel
-29 Attack
MORE THAN two years ago, a lit-
tle force of 16 medium bombers
from an American carrier dropped
their loads on and near Tokyo. Now
a mighty force of B-29 Superfort-
resses pays a visit from Saipan in
the Marianas. Unlike the 1942 raid,
the 1944 one is the beginning of
methodical destruction. Our strength
has grown; we have come far and
fast in those two years.
As Gen. Arnold's report makes
clear, we will come faster aerial-wise
from now on. Tokyo begins to feel
the same kind of retribution that has
fallen so long on Berlin.
Defeating Japan is still a colossal
job. The ability to bomb Jap home
industry will not lessen the total
burden of that task, but it does and
will mean a large-scale substitution
of 'explosives, steel and gasoline for
the lives of fighting men. Use of
heavy bombing means that many
good American lives will be saved
later on the Asiatic mainland. If any
such thing is needed, it is also reas-
surance that the lives given in the
laborious island campaign were de-
voted to a thoroughly ration purpose
-that they will save other lives ten-
-St. Louis Post Dispatch
TUESDAY, NOV. 28, 1944
VOL. LV. No. 23
All notices for The Daily Official Bul-
letin are to be sent to the office of the
Assistant to the President, 1021 Angell
Hall, in typewritten form by 3:30 p. m.
of the day preceding its publication,
except on Saturday when the notices
should be submitted by 11:30 a. n.
Make-up final examination in Phy-
sics 25 and 45 Wednesday afternoon,
Nov. 29, at 2 o'clocx in West Lecture
Room. -
There will be a new course in Cera-
mics added to the list of courses be-
ing given by the Extension Service,
in Ann Arbor. William Moore will
teach the course, which begins Mon-
day, December 4, at 7 o'clock in Room
125 of the College of Architecture and
Design. This is a basic work in clay
modelling, throwing on the potter's
wheel, glazing and firing. The non-
credit course will be given in 12 two-
and-one-half hour weekly periods,
from 7 to 9:30. Fee is $10. Those
wishing to enroll should come to the
first meeting of the class,
--C. A, Fisher
Communications to the Regents:
Those who wish to present communi-
cations for consideration by the Re-
gents are requested to present them
at least eight days before the next
ensuing meeting at the Office of Miss
Edith J. Smith, Budget Assistant to
the President, 1006 Angell Hall. Fif-

Botany I Make-up Final Exam-
ination will be given Friday Dec. 1 in
room 2033NS from 4:00-6:00 p. m.
Events Today
The Romance Languages Journal
Club will meet this afternoon at 4:15
in the West Conference Room of the
Rackham Building.
Professor Hayward Keniston will
speak on "Argentine Acquaintances."
Assembly Board Meetings 'Will be
Hield Today 'at 5:00 p. mn. in the
League. Dormitorypresidents meet
with Jane Richardson in the Kala-
mazoo Room. League House presi-
dents meet with Florene Wilkins.
The room will be posted on the
League Bulletin Board. These meet-
ings are compulsory and a fine will
be imposed for those house presidents
who fail to attend or to send a rep-
resentative to the meeting.
Ensian Art Staff: Meeting at 7:00
Varsity Glee Club report tonight at
7:30 at Glee Club Rooms. The Club
will sing for the University of Mi-
chigan Club Banquet, 7:45 to 8:00.
All Choral Union members are ex-
cused for this appearance.
American Legion Meeting: There
will be a meeting of the Geo. "Ham"
Cannon Post No. 394 today at 7:30
p. m. at the American Legion Home
on State St. behind the Stadium.
Le Cerele Francais will meet to-
night at 8:00 in the Michigan League.
Mrs. Sarah Maycock, President of
the Club, will talk on her experiences
as a student in France. French songs
and a social hour. All students
with one year of college French or
the equivalent are eligible to mem-
Sigma Rho Tau-Featured tonight
will be Col. Henry W. Miller's speech
on "Self-propelled Projectiles, at
8:00 in Room 318 of the Michigan
Union. This speech, as well as the
mixer with refreshments which fol-
lows, will be open to all 'interested
engineers, architects, and technolo-
Members of the Stump Speakers'
Society of Sigma Rho Tau will meet
tonight as training units at 7:30 p.m.
in Rooms 318-320 of the Union. The
question for discussion will be:
"Should the X Aircraft Corporation
develop a jet-propelled plane for
commercial use?"
Coining Events
Mortar Board will meet at 7:15
Wednesday night in the League. All
members must attend.
The Inter-Racial Association will
have election of officers and gen-
eralebusiness meeting Wednesday eve-
ning, 7:30, in Room 304 at the Union.
Everyone is urged to attend.
A.S.M.E.-There will be a meet-
ing of the student branch on Wed-
nesday, Nov. 29 at 7:30 p. m. at the
Michigan Union. Mr. L. A. Walsh of
General Motors Corporation will
speak on "Post-War Engineering
Possibilities." All engineers invited.
Engineering Council: There will be
an important meeting tomorrow at
7:30 p. m. in Room 244, West Engi-
neering. Representatives from elas-
ses and from all active Engineering
Societies should plan to attend. Con-
tact Charles Walton, 24551, or Rob-
ert Dolph, 305. Michigan House, for
any further information.
Alpha Kappa Delta: There will be

L AST NIGHT an unreceptive audi-
ence failed to appreciate the
artistic attempts of Simon Barere,
the third performer in the Choral
Union series. A concert star with a

all Marine and Navy students in
Terms 1, 2 3, and 4 of the Prescribed
Curriculum are due Dec. 9. Report
blanks will be furnished by campus
mail and are to be returned to Dean
Crawford's Office, Room 255, W.
Eng. Bldg.
Attention Engineering Faculty:
Five-week reports below C of all.
Navyand Marine students who are
not in the Prescribed Curriculum;
also for those in Term 5 in the
Prescribed Curriculum are to be turn-
ed into Dean Emmons' Office, Room
259, W. Eng. Bldg., not later than
Dec. 9. Report cards may be ob-
tained from your departmental of-
fice about Dec. 3.
Notice to All Faculty and Staff
Members: December 1, 1944 is the
final date for filing new withholding
tax exemption certificates effective
January 1, 1945. These certificates
must be filed in the Payroll Depart-
ment of the Business Office, Room
9, University Hall. Blank certificates
may be obtained either at Room 1 or
Room 9, University Hall. If exempt-
ion certificate is not filed, tax deduc-
tion will have to be made without al-
lowance for exemptions in accord-
ance with legal rights.
Academic Notices



.. I

BARNABY - _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

----- I

I'm planning to give each-
and every member of this



First on my list, of course,
is your mother. . I daresay

A gift for the home, but
in keeping with the spiri

Or a neon yule log?.. . I've
several other suggestions-



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