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November 26, 1944 - Image 4

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The Michigan Daily, 1944-11-26

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r~ ir44an ai j

Overestimation Easy in War




IU '


'? ZS:C r I

Edited and managed by students of the University
of Michigan under the authority of the Board in Control
of Student Publications.

Editorial Staff

Evelyn Phillips
Stan Wallace
Ray Dixon
Hank Mantho
Dave Loewenberg
Mavis Kennedy


. Managing Editor
City Editor
Associate Editor
Sports Editor
Associate Sports Editor
. Women's Editor

Lee Amer.
Barbara Chadwick
June Pomering

Business Manager
Associate Business Mgr.
Associate Business Mgr.

Member of The Associated Press
The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the use
for republication of all news dispatches credited to it or
otherwise credited in this newspaper. All rights of re-
publication of all other matters herein also reserved.
Entered at the Post Office at Ann Arbor, Michigan, as
second-class mail matter.
Subscriptions during the regular school year by car-
rier, $4.50, by mail, $5.25.
Member, Associated Collegiate Press, 1943-44
National Advertising Service, Inc.
College Publishers Represetatiive
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily saff
and represent the views of the writers only.

American Values

FOR THE PAST two weeks, a new and distinct-
ive type of advertisement for war bonds
has been appearing in newspapers throughout
the country. The caption is usually something
on the order of "Some of the Many Things
America Has More of Now and Will Have More
of Than Any Other Country in the World
After the War." The body of the ad is an alpha-
beltical list of some three hundred items which

WASHINGTON, Nov. 25-One thing puzzling
the American public is the fact that, despite
the widely announced great naval victory of the
Philippines, the Japs still are able to land troops
on Leyte-in fact, landed them even while the
great naval battle was in progress.
Inside explanation for the mystery goes to the
doorsteps of three gentlemen so high-up that
nobody can do much about them - Franklin
Roosevelt, General MacArthur and Admiral
In the opinion of a good many naval, experts,
the Battle of the Philippines, although a very
definite victory, was not as big and overwhelm-
ing as the three above-named gentlemen made
it out to be.
In fact, when Admiral Halsey sent his first
dramatic communication to the Navy Depart-
ment telling how he had decimated the Jap fleet,
the Department cabled back that they didn't be-
lieve his victory was a great as he claimed and
they advised him to put the lid on news releases.
However, the Halsey dispatch was set as a
matter of routine to the White House, where it
went first of all to Roosevelt's Chief of Staff,
Admiral Leahy. Ever-cautious Leahy also was
troubled about it, advised that the news be
played down rather than up.
But even while he held the dispatch in his
hand and was discussing it with others in the
White House, news came over the ticker that
General MacArthur had announced a great
naval victory. As the top commander in the
Philippine theatre, MacArthur has the right
to issue any communique-even regarding
naval victories, though the Navy doesn't and,
in this case, certainly didn't like it.
Following the MacArthur announcement, the
President went out whole hog. Calling a special
press conference, he announced the greatest
naval victory of the war.
Although a real victory, the chief of Navy press
relations probably was more accurate when, last
week, he expressed the cold opinion that the
Battle of the Philippines had not materially
shortened the war in the Pacific.
Easy To Overestimate . .
The first enthusiastic announcements from the
Philippines are understandable. It is easy to
overestimate damage to the enemy.
During the first stage of the battle, for in-
stance, a U. S. plane reported that it had struck
the giant Jap battleship Yamamoto, named for
the late Jap admiral, and that a great burst of
flame and smoke had spurted forth, convincing
the aviator that the battle-wagon had been seri-
ously, perhaps mortally injured.
Later, Admiral Halsey reported that the sare
battleship Yamamoto was engaging in combat
with him. Apparently what happened was that
the Yamamoto was struck on the deck, setting
off some ammunition. But it takes more than
deck hits to sink a modern battleship.
Probably the most interesting phase of the
Navy's communiques on the Battle of the
Philippines was its alibi on why Admiral Hal-
sey "diverted part of his force southward."
This gave away the hitherto unpublished fact
that Halsey had chased a wing of the Jap fleet
south and was not near Leyte to help Admiral
Kincaid make the final kill.
Admiral Kincaid had in his fleet the old battle-
ships West Virginia, Maryland, Tennessee, Cali-
fornia and Pennsylvania, badly damaged at Pearl
Harbor but repaired. Admiral Halsey's fleet con-
sisted of bigger, more modern, more powerful
vessels. Part of the strategy was to lure the Japs
in to attack Kincaid's older vessels; then Halsey,
with his more modern fleet, would come in for
the kill.
But Halsey got lured away. An admiral with
fewer victories to his credit might have been dis-
ciplined, though any officer in the heat of battle
makes mistakes.
Result, however, was that the naval victory
could have been greater and that many U. S.
ships were damaged, now have to be repaired.
Also, there has been no announcement of U. S.
transports lost,
Anti-Trust Suits ...
Big business lobbyists have found a neat way
to get around the Justice Department in regard
to anti-trust suits. They get their friends in the

Army-Navy Departments to tip them off as to
what monopoly suits are in the works and, if
possible, they get their Army-Navy friends to
stop the suits.
This is possible because, under a wartime
order, all trust-busting suits have to be referred
by the Justice Department to the Army and Navy
to see whether prosecution would interfere with
war orders.
Recently, the Army and Navy have received
a flood of anti-trust cases, and it looks as if
Attorney General Biddle was starting the big-
gest crack-down on monopolies in history. He
is even going to out-Thurman Thurman
One case the Army-Navy have reviewed is a
projected giant smash-up of the electrical indus-
try. This will affect both American and foreign.
companies which have carved up the markets of
the world among them to see electrical goods.
Another crack-down will be against the dia-
mond cartel. This will especially hit the -British,

who, through the de Beer interests in South
Africa, have a complete control of diamonds. It
is one of the tightest monopolies in the world.
The Justice Department is also planning suits
against the motion-picture equipment industry,
a case which will affect the Eastman Kodak
Company; also against the SKF ball-bearing
interests; also the machine-tool industry; also
non-ferrour metal producers, including Interna-
tional Nickel.
One of the most interesting cases, however
will be a crack-down on the farm-machinery in-
dustry, by which it is hoped that the price of
farm implements will be reduced.
These are only the cases which the Army
and Navy have received from the Justice De-
partment and have okayed for trial. What else
Attorney General Biddle has up his sleeve is
not known.
(Copyright, 1944, by United Feature Syndicate, Inc.)
Dominic Says
"L EADERSHIP? When the followers demand
it, they get it; never else, in State and
Church." Thus Canon Iddings Bell closes a fine
chapter in his little book "The Church in Dis-
repute." Does the University desire men of God
in its ministry and teachers of religion, then
such will come forth in those offices. One won-
ders if that can be true. Does the State citizenry
demand real leaders in its statehouse, then those
it shall have.-That is to say the need produces
the leader. And pack of the need must be a
spiritual hunger on the part of the religious and
a civic hunger on the part of the citizens, before
a need is recorded. Values have in them a phase
of human desire. Here, then is a problem, good
for our guests from Jewish Foundations in the
Universities of the midwest. Do the native values
held by the Hillel students call forth saintly
Rabbis or do wise leaders, appointed to this edu-
cational center and that, bring forth religious
devotion in the students?
Perhaps by listing some of the elements into
which the problem can be broken will make it
possible for laymen as well as specialists to
move toward a solution. First: How deep is re-
ligion? Is it a surface expression, by means of
which man can escape his personality prob-
lems, delude himself, leave social maladjust-
ment to the side and shun the stern engage-
ments of integrity? Or is religion that reality
in which casual unity of origin and its event
are seen at a glance, and all the perspective of
right bought by duty, privilege joined with
obligation, and the end having an adequate
means stand revealed?
Second: Can any stored and disciplined mind
when embodied in a consecrated personality be
accepted by youth as leader without a character
result? If we answer in the negative then ap-
pointed spiritual leaders will get converts and
enrich those in affiliation. If our decision is af-
firmative and we hold the consecrated person
who has a well disciplined mind to be ineffective
in our decade, then one more question must be
Third: Is the reconstruction through which
our world is passing so cataclysmic that nef
wine is bursting every old bottle and at best
those who can boast of discipline partake so
genuinely of the passing forms of a dying age
that, in the nature of the case, traditional lead-
ers cannot lead. Jesus said, (quoting from the
eight Psalm) "We thank Thee Lord that Thou
hast hidden these things from the wise and pru-
dent and revealed them unto babes."
Whatever you conclude the presence of these
leaders among us has been a blessing and has
reminded us of that gem from Ecclesiastics
"Let us hear the conclusion of the whole mat-
ter. Fear God and keep his commandments for
this is the whole duty of men. For God shall
bring every work into judgment with every
secret thing. Whether it be good or whether it
be evil" (Eccl. 12:13-14).
Edward W. Blakeman
Counselor in Religious Education
University of Michigan
Science for Peace

IF SCIENTIFIC Research can be mobilized to
win the war, why can't the same co-ordina-
tion be continued in peacetime, to assure its
benefits to the people? Obviously, it can be
and it should be, as President Roosevelt has
just recommended. The War Department has
seconded the motion.
The Office of Scientific Research and Devel-
opment has given great help to the armed for-
ces by organizing the solution of problems and
perfection of needed devices by Government,
university and industrial laboratories. Much
of its work is still in the classification of mili-
tary secrets, but it is plain that it has elimi-
nated overlapping and wasteful research so far
as the war effort is concerned.
Modern technology holds the key to plenty
for all in the peacetime world. Mr. Roosevelt's
recommendation, if adopted, will speed scien-
tific development in new products, new pro-.
cesses and health, for the greater good of
every American.
-St. Louis Post Dispatch

TREAD with interest the editorial
on conscription written by Aggie
Miller in the Wednesday, November
22, 1944, issue. I would say that, in
part, I tend to agree with the state-
ment recently issued by the Educa-
tional Policies Commission of the Na-
tional Education Association, etc.
The thought comes to my mind as to
why it should be necessary for the
people of the United States to com-
mit ourselves to a change in the
fundamental pattern of our demo-
cratic way of life-during the ten-
sions and pressure incident to the
prosecution of a multi-front war. It
appears reasonable to assume that
nations committed to militarism are
more likely to look at problems with
a philosophy to which Germany
under Hitler was committed, i.e.,
"Might is right."
The editorial writer stated, "If
they are defeated (meaning our
enemies) one can be certain that
the frictions and hatreds which
have produced this war will not be
removed by the defeat of the en-
emies, but instead will become in-
tensified." To this statement we
can agree, because war creates
tensions instead of removing them.
However, it would seem wiser for
us to search for the causes of war,
rather than to develop another
cure. The editorial writer also
stated that all nations' industries
are being affected by the war, and
there will probably be discontent
and uprisings due to a consequent
lower standard of living and a re-
duced production of civilian goods.
Unquestionably, the transition from
war-time economy to peace-time
economy will be difficult. But we
wonder if a program of universal
conscription will tend to alleviate the
tensions or draw them tighter? Will
a strong international police force,
e.g., suffice if the "causes" are still
Furthermore, it seems reasonable
to assume that the so-called advant-
ages of compulsory military training
listed by the editorial writer may not
all be real advantages. The writer
believed that conscription would (1)
preserve peace, (2) improve the na-
tion's health, (3) provide needed vo-
cational training, (4) ease unemploy-
To preserve peace, we will need
trust, faith and cooperation of all the
nations of the world. Faith and trust
are intangibles which are developed
through friendly relations and equit-
able dealings. One reason why we
entered the way against Germany
was because 7ge as a nation historic-
ally have not been committed to a
militaristic policy, i.e., the use of
force as Germany has been for many
years. Are we to cast aside our demo-
cratic policy of the "use of reason"
to a commitment that in effect sanc-
tions the "use of force" evidenced by
the proposed program of compulsory
military training?
The problem of improving the
nation's health could, perhaps be
better administered by a public
agency similar to the United States
Public Health Service rather than
by the Army. Moreover, (1) one
year's service would probably be
insufficient to correct and guaran-
tee a youth's health; (2) if the
health of the nation's youth is
poor, then both men and women
should be considered: (3) health
consists of more than physical
training - food, clothing, housing
are all important; (4) a person's
health status would probably be
established by the time a person
reached the age of eighteen-per-
haps, we should really start on this

problem at an earlier age,
Perhaps, one reason why the edu-
cators oppose the compulsory mili-
tary training plan is because they be-
lieve that our educational system can
provide better vocational training at
a lower cost to the nation's taxpayers
than through a system of Army Spe-
cialized Training. If we are not giv-
ing our youth adequate vocational
training (here again, both men and
women should be considered) then
we should attempt to answer the spe-
cific problem and not veil it with a
cloak of military necessity.
Finally, the problem of easing un-
employment was discussed by Gov-
ernor Dewey in the recent presiden-
campaign wherein he cited General
Hershey's statement that it might be
cheaper to keep men in the Army
than to place them on relief. Whether
we agree with these statements or
not, the fact remains that forced
labor and conscription will not get
at the "causes" of unemployment.
The editors of The Michigan Daily
are to be congratulated in their ef-
forts to bring this important issue
before the student body at this time.
George F. Liechty
Class of '40, BAd



America has more of than any other country,
starting with Ability, Advertising, Airplanes,
Airports, Aluminum Amusements, Apple Pies
and Automobiles and going on down to Yachts,
Yams, Yankees, Yokels, Youth, Zanies, Zeniths
and Zing.
The advertisements have appeared on or
shortly before Thanksgiving Day; the implica-
tion that here were the things for which Ameri-
cans should give thanks was unmistakable. The
advertisements promoted the Sixth War Loan; it
was equally clear that these were supposed to
be some of the reasons why we, as civilians in a
nation at war, should support the war finan-
cially. Written by advertising men who know
best how to capture the imagination, and ap-
pearing at the time and for the purpose which
they did, the ads reflect the American sense of
The ads had wide popular appeal. They
-are possibly some of the best ads, from the
point of view of selling bonds, that have been
published. The unfortunate aspect of the
situation is that the American sense of values
is such that advertisements of this type are
most successful.
The values reflected are primarily material-
istic. Bath tubs, battleships, beauty shops and
bobby socks far out-number ability, hope, in-
dependence and immagination. "Having things"
would appear to be the American standard of
what is good.
The advertisements would further suggest that
Americans axe conceited, self-centered people.
The theme of the advertisements was that Am-
erica has More and Will Always have More of
These things. Having more things than any-
body else was something for which to be thank-
The lists invariably included more Beauty,
More Decency, More Genius, More Sacrifice,
More Valor. More Beauty than all the rest of
the world. More sacrifice than the people of
Poland and Czechoslovakia. More Valor than
the Russians.
The reflection is not complimentary.
-Margaret Farmer
Veteran Education
ANNOUNCEMENT that returned veterans may
take University extension courses in several
Michigan cities under the G.I. Bill of Rights is
an encouraging step in the direction of adult
education for both the state and the University.
For many, personal or family ties may make it
necessary for the ex-serviceman to remain in his
own community; for others, age may be a
hindrance in coming to college. Also, present
jobs may also prevent them from leaving. In the
latter case it would be very much to their ad-

(Continued from Page 2)
reimburse him therefor. Ticket
agents selling tax exempt tickets will
require of the purchaser a tax ex-
emption certificate. These certifi-
cates may be had at the Business Of-
fice, Room 1, University Hall, from
Dr. F. E. Robbins in the President's
Office when approval of travel requi-
sitions is secured, or at the office of
Deans or Directors of schools and
colleges.rThe certificate is University
Form No. 5805. (Do not let any
ticket agent who is inexperienced or
not fully informed argue you out of
the right of exemption for employees
of states. If he will take the trouble
to look the matter up in his tariffs,
he will find you are right.)
Be sure to tell the ticket agent that
you require a tax exempt ticket at
the time you ask for your ticket. Fail-
ure to do this will require the making
out of new tickets and will be un-
economical both in time and in pa-
per. Our over-worked railway em-
ployees should not be put in a posi-
tion where they are required to do
extra work.
S. W. Smith
Faculty Directory: To date com-
paratively few members of the Uni-
versity staff have called at in In-
formation Desk in the Business Of-
fice for Faculty Directories. These
are for general distribution to all
qualified persons for use at home
and should have general circulation.
Heretofore the University has de-
livered them by mail, but to save
postage, if you desire one will you
please call at the Information Desk
in the Business Office for your copy.
Herbert G. Watkins
Eligibility Certificates: Certificates
of eligibility for extra-curricular ac-
tivities can be issued at once by the
Office of the Dean of Students if
each student will bring with him the
latest blueprint or photostat copy of
his record.
Social Chairmen are reminded that
requests for all social events must be
filed in the Office of the Dean of
Students on the Monday before the
event. They must be accompanied
by written acceptance from two sets
of APPROVED chaperons and in the
case of fraternities and sororities, by
approval from the financial adviser.
Approved chaperons may be 1) par-
ents of active members or pledges,
2) professors, associate professors or
assistant professors, or 3) couples
already approved by the Office of
the Dean of Students. A list of the
third group may be seen at any time
at the Office of the Dean of Stu-
Special Payroll Deduction for War
Bonds: For the Sixth War Loan
Drive arrangements can be made
with the payroll department to make
a special single deduction for the
purchase of War Bonds from salary
checks due on Dec. 29 only. This
would be over and above the regular
deductions under the payroll savings
plan. Those wishing to use this
method should send written instruc-
tions to the Payroll Department re-
garding the amount of the bond and
names and addresses in which it
should be registered. Deductions can
be made only in the amount of $1.75
or multiples thereof. Instructions
must reach the Payroll Department
not later than Dec. 15. War Bond
purchases made by this method will
be counted in the drive.-University
War Bond Committee.
Choral Union Members: Members
of the Chorus, in good standing, will
please call for their pass tickets for
the Barere concert, Monday, Nov. 27,
between the hours of 9:30 and 11:30
and 1 and 4, at the offices of the
University Musical Society., After 4
o'clock, no tickets will be issued.

City of Detroit Civil Service An-
nouncement for Principal Publicist,
salary $5,750 to $6,230 has been re-
ceived in our office. No residence
requirements. For further details
stop in at 201 Mason Hall, Bureau of
Notice: Students are reminded that
Monday is the last day to return
their registration blanks without
charge to the UNIVERSITY BU-
201 Mason Hall. Beginning Tuesday,
a fee of one dollar will be charged.
All independent War activities
chairmen meet tomorrow, Nov. 27 at
4:00 in the League Kalamazoo Room.
Plans and instructions for boosting
dormitory and league house war work
will be discussed at this time. Be sure
that your house is represented.
French Lecture: The series of
French lectures for 1944-1945, spon-
sored by the Cercle Francais will
open open on Thursday, Nov. 30, at
4:10 p.m, in ;Kellogg Auditorium. A
group of five short French films on
the fighting French will be shown.
Tickets for the series of lectures

Academic Notices
College of Literature, Science and
the Arts, Schools of Education, For-
estry, Music and Public Health: Stu-
dents who received marks of I or X
at the close of their last semester or
summer session of attendance will
receive a grade of E in the course
or courses unless this work is made
up by Dec. 2. Students wishing an
extension of time beyond this date in
order to make up this work should
file a petition addressed to the ap-
propriate official in their school with
Rm. 4, U.H. where it will be trans-
Robert L. Williams
Assistant Registrar
Biological Chemistry Seminar will
be held at 4:15 p.m. on Wednesday,
Nov. 29, in Rm. 319 West Medical
Building. "Some Food Toxicants,
Favism and Lathyrism" will be dis-
cussed. All interested are invited.
M.E. 35: Class will be held at 9 a.m.
Monday as usual. This corrects the
announcement made Friday.
Charles B. Gordy
Choral Union Concert: Simon Bar-
ere, Russian pianist, will be heard in
the fourth Choral Union concert,
taking the place of Josef Lhevinne,
Monday, Nov. 27, at 8:30. He will
play the following revised program:
Pastorale, Corelli; Menuett by Ram-
eau; Gigue, Loeilly; Choral Preludes,
Bach-Busoni; Carnaval, Op. 9, Schu-
mann; Grande Polonaise Brillante,
Chopin; Poeme and Etude, Scriabin;
Etude Tableau and Polka, Rachman-
inoff; and Rhapsody No. 12, Liszt.
Events Today
Sigma Nu: There will be a meeting
of the fraternity at 2 o'clock today
at the Michigan Union. The room
number will be posted in the lobby.
All members whether affiliated on
this campus or not are urged to at-
The Lutheran Student Association
will meet today at 5 p.m., in Zion
Parish Hall. Please note the change
in time. The program will begin at
5:15 and supper will follow at 6.
The Rev. Roderick Anderson, pas-
tor of Kelley Road Lutheran Mis-
sion in Detroit, will be the speaker.
Rev. Anderson is a former member
of the Association and will have a
fine message for students and ser-
Everyone is invited to attend the
Mortgage Burning Ceremonies to be
held at Hillel Foundation this after-
noon at 5:30. The principal speaker
at the ceremonies will be Dr. Abram
L. Sachar, National Director of the
B'nai Brith Hillel Foundations.
Wesleyan Guild meeting at 5 p.m.
The Rev. Leslie Sayre of Addison will
be the speaker. Ann Arbor District
Choir Festival at 7:30 p.m.
The International Center Sunday
program will feature movies of the
United States. Time 7:30 p.m.
The Ann Arbor District Choir Fes-
tival will be held this evening in the
First Methodist Church at 7:30
o'clock under the general direction
of Hardin Van Deursen of the School
of Music. Youth and adult choirs
from fifteen different churches, num-
bering approximately 400 singers in
all, will participate. The general pub-
lic is cordially invited.
Post-war Council: There will be a
meeting at Lane Hall Monday at four
o'clock. There will -be an election of
officers and the program for the
semester will be announced. Please
bring eligibility cards.

There will be a meeting of all J.G.P.
League House Representatives Mon-
day, Nov. 27 at 5 o'clock in the
Michigan Youth for Democratic
Action will hold its first meeting of
this semester on Monday, Nov. 27,
at 7:45 p.m. in the League (room will
be, posted). All members are urged
to attend and new ones are welcomed.
The Romance Languages Journal
Club will meet on Tuesday afternoon,
Nov. 28, at 4:15 in the West Confer-
ence Room of the Rackham Building.
Professor Hayward Keniston will
speak on "Argentine Acquaintances."
Ensian Art Staff: Meeting at 7:00
p.m. Tuesday, Nov. 28, Student Pub-
lications building.
Le Cercle Francais will meet on
Tuesday, Nov. 28, at 8:00 p.m. in the
Michigan League. Mrs. Sarah May-
cock, President of the Club, will talk
on her experiences as a student in
France. French songs and a social
hour. All students with one year of
college French or the equivalent are
eligible to membership.
Sigma Xi: The first meeting of the







By Crockett Johnson
-i7 I


Barnaby! Only thirty more
days to Christmas!... Only
thirty days to carry out my

That's only 720 hours!
Of course, anyone as
efficient as I can do a

I I I -- -

I can do a lot in a minute.
... Andl1 have-let's see-
43,200 minutes!... And if
rpcnriin mn.ni. ... nnd

... Nine and carry the
one-2,592,000 seconds!
... Oh, well, I've loads of
time haven't t? ... To do



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