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March 08, 1945 - Image 1

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Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1945-03-08

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Si~Artgn

.
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WEATHER
Fair and Warmer;
Continued Clear

11

VOL. LV, No. 89 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN THURSDAY, MARCH 8, 1945

PRICE FIVE CENTS

Yanks
Russian
Reds Reach S
Defenses of C

Penetrate

50

MViles

Inside

Reich

: * *

S $: *

A rmy

Begins Frontal Assault on

Berlin
*. * *~

enate Votes to Continue
losed Regents Meetings

I X-10(

KeyR Opost
Right Wing Thrusts
Toward Baltic Seag

By The Associated Press
LONDON, Mar. 7.-Marshal G. K.
Zhukov's First White Russian Army
group began today the long-expected
general frontal assault on Berlin
from its Oder River bridgeheads 30
to 40 miles to the east, the Germans;
announced.
The attackers jumped off after a
gigantic 24-hour artillery barrage
and punched into the outer defenses
of Kuestrin, which was under attack
from north, east and south, Berlin's
alarmed broadcasters said. They]
credited Zhukov with using seven
armies, including two tank armies.
Moscow said nothing of any such
development, but Soviet silence is
customary at the start of a major
operation.
Thrust to Baltic
Only yesterday the way was paved
for an assault towards Berlin when
Zhukov's right wing thrust to the
Oder's Baltic Sea outlet and de-
stroyed the threat of a German
counter-stroke on that flank. This
sccess was vastly solidified today,
Premier Stalin announcing capture
of Stepenitz, Golnw and Massow.
Premier Stalin issued two other
orders of the day, neither on the
front east of Berlin. One announced
that the Second White Russian Army
had captured Stargard, 25 miles
south of Danzig, and Mewe, 35 miles
southeast; the other that the Second
lkraine Army had taken Banska-
Stiavnica (Schemnitz), in Slovakia
82 miles northeast of Bratislava.
Germans Admit Break
The Germans said the Russians
had broken into the Baltic fortress of
0olberg and were hastening to end
the entire Baltic campaign, but de-
voted most of their broadcasts to
accounts of the offensive aimed at
Berlin.
Red Cross Goal
Set at $5,500
League, Union Begin
War Fund Campaign
Opening the annual Red Cross War
Fund drive on campus yesterday, rep-
resentatives of the League and Union
began a campaign for $5,500 which
will extend throughout the month.
'Under the direction of Tom Don-
nelly, the Union wil solicit $1,500 of
the total, attempting to again raise
the sum which was oversubscribed by
$50 last year. Union representatives
and house presidents are canvassing
all men's residences.
The League is responsible for the
remainder of the sum with Deborah
Perry in charge. Membership cards
and pins are being distributed to
women on campus through the efforts
of Assembly and Panellenic. The
remaining $4,000 will require an ap-
proximate contribution of $1.25 from
every coed.
Large special gifts from industry
and labor have brought the Ann
Arbor city fund to almost one fourth
completion. City workers meeting at
i' luncheontomorrow will report con-
tributions as their goal of $79,100 is
neared.
The local drive is part of a nation-
-wide campaign being carried on
simultaneously by volunteer workers
In every municipality. Money raised
by the Red Cross War Fund sup-
ports all Red Cross activities, to men
overseas and their families, as well
as the usual civilian needs.
CAMPUS EVENTS
Today Tryouts for the cast of
Junior Girls' Play con-
tinue from 3 p. m. to 5
p. m. today and tomorrow
in the Grand Rapids
Room, the League.
Today Art Cinema League pres-
ents "Daybreak," starring

The Senate Rules Committee meet-
ing in Lansing yesterday voted down
the Eaton Resolution requiring that
University Board of Regents meet-
ings be opened to the press and pub-
lic, according to an Associated Press
report.
President Alexander G. Ruthven,
in a statement to The Daily, declar-
ed, "I believe that the practice of
having closed meetings will result in
a better distribution of authentic
news to the press than would be pos-
sible if meetings weer open and ac-
tions of the Regents"were recorded
as purely formal motions, without
explanations."
Had the resolution been reported
favorably, the Board of Regents would
have been forced to admit press rep-
resentatives to all meetings. The
Senate Committee offered no expla-
nation' of its action. Four members
voted against the proposal and two
others were absent, according to the
A. P.
There were reports, the A. P. said
William Davis
Named. New
Economic Czar
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON, March 7-William
H. Davis, newly named economic sta-
bilizer, said today that a months-old
wage policy dispute on "Fringe de-
mands" would be settled immediate-
ly.
Terms of settlement, he told a news
conference, .will come from Fred M.
Vinson, his predecessor in the top
anti-inflation spot and his adversary
in the dispute.
New Appointment Encouraging
As chairman of the War Labor
Board, Davis has voted for such
fringe demands, which involve such
wage side issues as vacations, shift
differentials, etc. In that sense, his
new appointment was viewed in labor
circles as encouraging.
Vinson has held that no increases
should be cleared before the Office
of Price Administration certifies that
they will not increase prices. Vinson
has now been confirmed in the job
of Federal Loan chief and is due
to take this office tomorrow.
Taylor WLB Chairman
In naming the 65-year old Davis
today to hear the Office of Economic
Stabilization, President Roosevelt
elevated George W. Taylor, 43-year
old University of Pennsylvania pro-
fessor, from the Labor Board's No. 2
spot to its chairmanship.
Davis promptly made it clear that
he thinks the government should con-
trol wage decreases when manpower
shortages are no more, just as it
now controls wage increases in a
labor-hungry market.

that if the committee had been forc-
ed to report the resolution out it
would have attached an amendment
applying it equally to Michigan State
college. The alleged strategy was
aimed at a belief that the predomin-
antly rural House of Representatives
would not accept it in that form.
The measure which was passed in
the House was introduced by Rep.
Elton R. Eaton, Plymouth weekly
newspaper publisher.
All 'A' Records
Received by 52
U' Scholars
Five Colleges, Splools
Name Honor Students
The names of 52 students in the
Colleges of Literature; Science, and
the Arts, Architecture and Design,{
Forestry and Conservation, the School
of Music, and the School of Public
SHealth, who received all A' records1
for the fall term were announced by
the University yesterday.
Students in the College of Liter-
ature, Science, and the Arts who re-
ceived all "A" reports include Sally
Boim, Morris Bornstein, Betty Bott,
Janet Cohen, Henry Daum, Irma
Eichhorn, Robert Epstein, Dorothy
Eyke, Thomas Ferraro, and Jean
Gaffney.
The list continues with Paul W.
Gordon, Elaine Greenbaum, Nancy
Groberg, Elizabeth Harrison, Dor-
othy Harvey. Twila Hendrickson,
Jean Hole, Harriet Jameson, Ruth E.
Katona, and James Kemp.
Other Literary College students to
receive all "A"s include Martin Cohn,
Jack Kohn, Marian Levy, Gene Mc-
Artor, Leslie McVey, Robert McWil-
liams, Robert Page, Deborah Parry,
Helen Perry, and Marjorie Semon.
The list of all "A" Literary College
students concludes with May Risch,
Joan Ross, Lucy Ruddell, Martha
Sanders, Lenamyra Saulson, Eleanor
Stewart, Marjorie Van Erman, Joan
Walker, Lester Wolfson, Robert
Woodward, Helen F. Simpson, Muriel
Thomas, and Muriel Joyce McAlister.
Charles Moore of the College of
Architecture and Design, John W.
Johnson of the School of Forestry
and Conservation, and Helen Briggs
of the School of Music also earned
"A's" in all their courses last semester.
Six students in the School of Pub-
lic Health made all "A" records.
They are George Comstock, Thomas
Hagan, Theodore Hilbish, Elizabeth
Hunt, Marie Presley, and Charles
Williams.

MONTGOMERY VISITS FRONT-British Field M arshal Bernard L. Montgomery (right) rides in his
jeep through a motor convoy as he visits the Cana dian First Army front. Canadian troops captured
Bonninghard, from which every German move in the section is known. A field dispatch said this capture
probably marked the beginning of the end of Nazi resistance within the pocket.

Plunge Sends
Enemy into
Hectic Retreat
Americans Stormn to
Rhine 'near Coblenz
By The Associated Press
PARIS, Mar. 7.- The American
Third Army stormed to the middle
Rhine tonight in the vicinity of the
ancient fortress city of Coblenz, more
than 50 miles inside Germany, with
a spectacular plunge which sent the
enemy reeling in overwhelming de-
feat.
Deepest Western Penetration Made
The Fourth Armored Division
reached the river just northwest of
Coblenz in a drive which carried 28
miles in 12 hours. In its *retest
surge since Normandy the Third
Army had covered 65 miles 'In 58
hours, making the Western Allies'
deepest penetration of the Reich.
The enemy fell back in hectic re-
treat and offered but little resistance
as Lt.-Gen. George S. Patton's men
rolled through town after town and
streaked past thousands of prisoners,,
captured in such numbers they could
not all be chaperoned to the rear.
First Army Nears Bonn
To the north the U.S. First Army
struck southward along the Rhine's
west bank from captured (7ologne to
a point only two miles from Bonn,
the First and Third Armies together
having formed in the past week the
greatest Allied breakthrough since
St. Lo.
The German Army which fled be-
fore the Third "was the most com-
plete picture of defeat the war in the
west has produced," wrote the vet-
eran Associated Press correspondent
Edward D. Ball. "Its men were beat-
en, its equipment destroyed."
German Losses Great
Thousands 'of German vehicles
and armor were blasted into flaming
wrecks, and German prisoners 'strea-
med westward in droves through the
Fourhi bivision's narrow corridor,
many of them unescorted and carry-
ing white flags over their heads.
The city of Coblenz, lying at the
confluence of the Rhine and the
Moselle and serving as a Vommuni-
cat~ions hub for a large area, was
"almost within the grasp" of the
Third Army tonight, correspondent
Ball wrote from the front.
Policy Bans
VmBall Flowers
In line with regular campus war-
time social policy, girls will not be
permitted to wear corsages to the
V-Ball Friday.
The reminder is made by the V-
Ball committeemen, who have had
innumerable requests about this
point from persons who felt that
perhaps the corsage ban would be
lifted for this dance. Corsages have
not been in campus style since the
outbreak of the war.
Tickets for the V-Ball are on sale
at the Union main desk.

Americans Reach Luzon Coast;
Nips Continue Iwo Jima Battle

18 Jap Ships Injured
Along Chinese Coast.
By The Associated Press
MANILA, Mar. 8, Thursday-Am-
erican ground forces on Luzon have
penetrated below Manila to the south
coast for the first time while planes,
in attacks along the approaches to
the Asiatic mainland, have sunk or
damaged two enemy warships and 16
freighters, some used as transports.
Gen. Douglas MacArthur announ-
ced these successes in his communi-
que today.
Two Towns Taken
Eleventh Airborne Division Yanks
and the 158th Infantry Regiment,
moving swiftly south below Manila
Bay, captured two towns on Balayan
Bay Tuesday. Balayan Bay is on the
Verde Island passage, across from
American-held Mindoro Island.
They seized the towns of Balayan
and Calatagan, which are in Batan-
gas Province some 40 miles south of
Manila.
Thus the Yanks were on the south
end of Luzon for the first time.
Nine Freighters Hit
MacArthur made the announce-
ment today in his communique which
told of sinking or damaging nine
freighters and a corvette off Formosa
and sending a destroyer to the bot-
tom off Hongkong.
In the stubbornly-held Marikina
watershed area, east of Manila, First
Cavalry and Sixth Infantry troops
", ed~ 19 enemy cave strong points,",
MacArthur announced, as heavy Am-
erican fire noticeably reduced the
enemy's artillery and rocket bar-
r ages.
A single Japanese plane bombed
Palomlpon, on the west coast of Leyte,
causing "light civilian casualties."
Vets Conlsider
Extension of
Meiber4hilp
The problem of extending mem-
bership to veterans of the Merchant
Marine and veterans of the United
Nations was discussed at a meeting
held yesterday by the Veterans' Or-
ganization, but a definite decision
was postponed until the next meet-
ing.
Office hours for the organization
will be 3-4 p. m. Monday through
Friday in Lane Hall at which time a
member of the organization will be
present to answer any questions or
help with any problems that may be
presented.
Senior and graduate veterans here
in the University have offered to

C
Marines Make Only
Small Local Gains
By The Associated Press
U.S. PACIFIC FLEET HEADQUAR-
TERS, Guam, Mar. 8, Thursday-
Hand to hand combat, interspersed
with grenade throwing duels, raged
at the northern end of Iwo Jima
today with Japanese remnants sav-
agely contesting every foot of ground
as American Marines pressed for a
decision.
The few thousand remaining Nip-
ponese took cover during artillery,
naval and aerial bombardment but
popped out to resist every Marine
attempt to advance.
Only small local gains had been
scored by the Leathernecks by Tues-
day evening, although they had
launched an all-out attack that
morning after an island-shaking
barrage.
In heavy fighting throughout the
day, the Fifth Marine Division man-
aged to push ahead slightly on the
west flank while the Third Marine
Division improved its positions in the
center of the line. On the right, the
Fourth Marine Division fought for-
ward toward the northeast coast-
line.
The rolling barrage which launched
Tuesday's attack was the most intense
ever put down by the Marines in such
a restricted area reported AP war
correspondent Morrie Landsberg from
the expeditionary force flagship.
U' Students
Attend State
PublhicHern
Six University students, members
of Michigan You t for Democratic
Action and the Inter-Racial Asso-
ciation Tuesday, attended a public
hearing of the State House Judiciary
Committee now considering the pro-
nosed Michigan 18-year-old vote leg-
islation.
included in the group attending
the meeting with Wayne University
and Michigan State College student.,
were: Jack Gore, George Sarver,
Betty Erbaugh, Louise Ginet, Norma
Lyon and Jeppy Madisot_.
One member of each group spoke
for passage of the measue. Gore
r~epresented the University g.'oup,
Open discussion following le re-
ports yielded the following in favor
of the proposal:
(1)s-In the interim between high
school graduation at the age of 18
and 21, the interest of youth lags
and there is no anxiety to partici-
pate in government affairs.
(2)-As a result of the improved
education system, yduth of today is

Floods Menace
Ohio Towns;
Crest Awaited
By The Associated Press
CINCINNATI, 0., March 7-Flood
waters of midwestern rivers-princi-
pally the historically menacing Ohio
-grew deeper tonight, but the end"
of the valley's greatest wartime flood
threat was in sight.
River forecasters predicted crests of
from 15 to 20 feet above flood level
would be reached tomorrow all along
the Ohio and its tributaries as colder
weather turned an incessant rain to a
wispy snow.
Thousands of families along 9,
1,000-mile stretch of lowlands scur-
ried to higher ground and war jro-
duction staggered under reduced op-
erations.
At least 8 lives were lost and t
property loss was believed to be i
the millions.
Western Pennsylvania had its worst
flood in eight years as the Mononga-
hela and Allegheny spewed muddy
flood waters out of banks and forced
hundreds of families from their home.
The crest at the confluence of the
two rivers in Pittsburgh-where the
Ohio comes to life-was expected to
be 33 to 34 feet tonight on tomorrow.
Cincinnati's expected crest was 70
feet, 18 feet above flood stage, and 10
feet below the record 1937 flood which
caused nearly half billion dollars of
damage.

NOVELISTS AND WAR:
Lewis Names Hemingway as
Lead]- g Contemporary Writer

EX-TEXAS U' HEAD:
Rainey Will Tell Of Education
Prob-lems Confronting South

Naming Ernest Hemigway the
leading contemporary American weli
ter, ranking with Herman Melville
and Nathaniel Hawthorne, Wynd-
ham Lewis, British author and ar-
tist, discussed the war books "For
Whom the Bell Tolls" and Tolstoy's
"War and Peace" in a lecture yester-
day in the amphitheatre of the Rack-
ham Building.
Emphasis on Action
Lewis said that the difference be-
tween Hemingway's treatment and
that of Count Tolstoy lay' in Hem-
ingway's emphasis on action while
Tolstoy looked behind the action for
the causes of violence. Hemingway,
he said, tended toward the sensa-
tional without caring too much what
war means, shows more interest in
individual personalities. In "War and
Peace" there is practically no trace
of interest in individuals aside from
counts and countesses, princes and
princesses . . . peace for him was life,
not of workers, but of titles and

ingway's books, Lewis claimed that
their innocence of politics proves
that H-. J. Litski's statement that
man is a political animal is a myth.
Tolstoy, on the other hand, gave his
characters an awareness of politics
which, Lewis pointed out, is a normal
result of his background as a memn-
her of the "political class."
The lecture was under the spon-
soiship of the English department
and was introduced by Prof. Here-
ward T. Price of that department.
French Film
To Be Shownt
"Daybreak," or "Le Jour Se Leve,"
starring Jean Gabin, will be present-
ed at 8:30 p. m. today through Sat-
urday in the Lydia Mendelssohn
Theatre under the auspices of the re-
organized Art Cinema League.

"Education Problems in the South"
will be the theme of the open meet-
ing directed by Dr. Homer P. Rainey,
former president of the University of
Texas, at 2:30 p. m. Saturday in the
Rackhamn Auditorium.
Because of the controversy between
Dr. Rainey and the Texas Board of
Regents concerning fundamental
'freedoms at that university - Dr.'
Rainey insisted that students and
faculty be guaranteed freedom of
thought, freedom of research and in-
vestigation, and freedom of expres-
sion-he was relieved of his presiden-
tial position.
Ruthven Will Introduce
Dr. Rainey, who will be introduced
by President Alexander Ruthven, is
brought here through the combined
efforts of MYDA, the Inter-Racial
Association, the Hillel Foundation,

thal, '45, MYDA president, declared
yesterday.
Nationally Known Educator
Dr. Rainey, who has won nation-
wide recognition as an educational
leader, has been professor at the Uni-
versity of Oregon, president of Frank-
lin College and Bucknell University,
director of the American Youth Com-
mission (American Council on Fduca-
tion), and author of the youth care
and education program, "How Fare
Our Youth."
He is appearing in Detroit this
week at the request*of several social
agencies who have asked him to speak
on Family Relationships, basing his
comments on the fruits of his investi-
gation of the 12-25 year old age
group.

A tryout meeting for The Daily
business staff will be held 4 p" m.
today which will be followed by a
second meeting at 5 p. n. for The
Daily news, women's and sports

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