Fair and Warmer,
Light to Moderate Winds
VOL. LV, No. 93 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN TUESDAY, MARCH 13, 1945
PRICE FIVE CENTS
Wins Two Towns,
40,000 U. S. Troop sReported in Push
To War Factory Cities in River Basin
By The Associated Press
PARIS, March 12-The U. S. First Army jumped off early today in the
first big Allied assault east of the Rhine, scored gains up to two and a half
miles, and expanded its bridgehead to nearly five miles deep and 11 miles
At least two more towns were seized, bringing to 21 the number cap-
tured on the east bank since the Americans charged across the Ludendorff
bridge from Remagen five days ago.
* *: :
New Red Thrusts
Reported by Nazis
Russians Smash German Defenses
Northwest of Danzig, Close in on City
By The Associated Press
LONDON, Tuesday, March 13-Kuestrin, the fortress city 38 miles
northeast of Berlin on which the Nazis hinged their central Oder River
line defenses, fell to the Red Army yesterday and its capture was an-
nounced by Premier Stalin even as the German radio was reporting a
new Russian offensive from bridgeheads west of the river.
The new drive, unconfirmed by Moscow, merged thrusts from
several Soviet crossings of the Oder south of Kuestrin "into a single
attack on a broad front," the enemy broadcasts said.
Wrote Several Books
Carey McWilliams, prominent edit-
or, author and sociologist, will speak
on "Racial Minorities" at 8 p. m. to-
day in the Rackham Amphitheatre.
Formerly Commissioner of Immi-
gration and Housing in California,
McWilliams was ousted from his post
in 1943 by Governor Earl Warren,
against whom he had vigorously cam-
Made Study of Religion in U. S.
At that time he began a study of
the sociology of 'religion in the Unit-
ed States, comparing the growth,
present status and possible future of
U. S. churches. His ideas on the
racial problem stem from years of
preoccu.pation with the history of
minority peoles and professional
familiarity with Negro homes and
His book, "Brothers Under the
Skin" contains discussions on the
Filipinos, Porto Ricans, Mexicans,
Hindus anti Koreans, as well as on
the Indians, Japanese and Negroes.
He points out that the South has
received only 6.3% of the war con-
tracts largely because southern indu-
stry won't make proper use of Negro
Appointed Editor of "The Nation"
McWilliams was recently appoint-
ed editor of "The Nation" and has
been a frequent contributor to the
"New Republic. In addition, he has
made frequent radio appearances,
participating in the Chicago Round
Table and Town Meeting of the Air.
Now a practicing lawyer in Cali-
fornia, McWilliams was made chair-
man of the Committee for the Pro-
tection of the Foreign Born in 1940
and was awarded a Guggenheim fel-
lowship in 1941.
The lecture is sponsored by the
Department of Sociology and is open
to the public.
Is Signed by Gov. Dewey
ALBANY, N.Y., Mar. 12--(A")-New
York today became the first state in
the union to enact a law making re-
ligious or racial prejudice in select-
ig workers a punishable offense.
Governor Thomas E. Dewey, after
a 45-minute public ceremony in the
executive chamber, signed the Ives-
Quinn anti-discrimination bill.
Similar legislation is being con-
sidered by seven other states and also
by Congress, New York's law is effec-
tive July 1.
Today Carey McWilliams, prom-
inent sociologist, will dis-
cuss "Racial Minorities"
at 8 p. m. in the Rackham
Today Prof. Charles E. Koella
will speak on Georges
Courteline in Cercle Fran-
cais series at 4:10 p. m. in
Rm. D, Alumni Memorial
Today Benjamin Owen will pre-
sent piano recital at 8:30
p. m. in the Lydia Men-
The Germans said Lt. Gen. Court-
ney H. Hodges had thrown 40,000
troops, including two armored and
two infantry divisions, into the push
which placed the Ruhr's factory cities
in their gravest peril of the war.
3 Miles From Highway to Ruhr
The greatest American advance
was eastward. More than four miles
almost due east of Remagen bridge,
tanks and infantry seized Ginster-
hahn and Hargarten, slashed across
a German lateral supply line, and
pressed to within three miles of a
super highway to the Ruhr.
Previously the Americans had driv-
en five miles north into Honnef on
one main highway to the Ruhr, and
were less than 25 miles from the
southern region of the 600-square
mile basin teeming with war facto-
ries. One counterattack was beaten
back at Honnef today.
Eleven miles south of Honnef for-
ces driving south fought into Hoen-
ningen, six miles southeast of the
Attack Rolls Over Westerwald
Associated press correspondent Don
Whitehead said the attack rolled over
the steep, wooded hills of the West-
erwald in the blackness of 5 a. m.
Boats shuttled men and supplies
across the Rhine to life some of the
load from the bridge, and the Ger-
mans said Hodges had established
'manyiRhine crossings" north of
Enemy broadcasts predicted that
soon J Field Marshal Montgomery
would lash out across the Rhine north
of Wesel in a grand scale offensive to
clamp a giant pincers on the Ruhr.
DETROIT, March 12-(IP)-George
T. Christopher, president of Packard
Motor Car Co., told a Senate sub-
committee tonight that most of the
labor troubles in his plant were due
to a divided local union of the United
Automobile Workers (CIO).
He said the present local head,
whom he did not name, has no con-
trol over the men and that there was
no way to settle a grievance in the
shop except by saying "yes." Louis
De Bearne is president of the Pack-
Christopher testified before the
committee, which is investigating war
production in the Detroit area, fol-
lowing a long parade of union stew-
ards and plant workers who had
charged labor hoarding in the Pack-
"What do you mean by labor hoard-
ing?" Christopher asked. "That
means keeping a man you have no
work for and don't expect to have
any work for.
"When we took on the job of build-
ing the Rolls-Royce aircraft engines,
we took it on for 800 a month. We
boosted production to 2,754 a month.
Then we were asked to build 4,000 a,
month. We couldn't do it."
WLDB Directive Ends
Four Day Stoppage
DETROIT, March 12-(P)-A Re-
gional War Labor Board directive to-
day to the Thompson Products Co. to
reinstate 20 discharged workers and
revoke suspensions against 129 others
was accepted by management, end-
SHELLS EXPLODE ACROSS RHINE-Ninth Army shells explode on the east bank of the Rhine River
in German-held territory across from Uerdingen, Germany, north of Dusseldorf. The broken structure
is -the Adolf Hitler bridge, destroyed by retreating Germans when the Yanks captured Uerdingen.
Red Cross Plea
He Asks Stuadents 11To1
Fill Quota of $4,50
An appeal to all University students
for help in their annual drive for
$200,000,000 went out today from the
Red Cross National Headquarters,
and, at the same time, from Presi-
dent Alexander G. Ruthven.
In a statement to The Daily today,
President Ruthven said, "About 22,000
hen and, women, former Michigan
students, are now with the colors.
Many of them you and I know well,
for it is not long since they were
among us on the campus.
"If we could personally I-in 'to
them, wherever they are, the coin-
radely cheer which they knew here
and which they sadly miss in the
hard and lonely places to which war
has taken them, each of us would
eagerly seize the opportunity. Even
more would we hasten, if we could.
to comfort those in sickness or in
"I ese things. Whichh we canllot do
ourselves, the America RFled Cross,
our own creation, is doing every day
with a cheerful thoughtfulness that,
is truly American. Its activities merit
universal support, but particularly
support from us here at the Univer-
sity who know so well what should
be the privileges of youth and how
gallantly they have been left behind
as youth's sacrifice to duty."
The goal for the carUpus dive,
which started last week, has ben set
at $4,500 of which $1,137 has been
contributed. Members of the League
and Union staffs will solicit all su-
dents during an intensive two-week
According to latest totals, Ann Ar-
bor's War Fund drive has reached
the 60 per cent mark.
Additional instructions for the first
week of rushing parties are explained
by Panlllenic Association in the
Now that we are beginning the
invitational parties, a word of
warning is hecessary. The initial.
four parties are all part of the first
unit, and since every house cannot
have all their list of prospective
rushees back at the first two func-
tions, those coeds who have not
yet received an invitation to a
house may receive one for the
"The women are asked to come
to the Panhellenic Office from 10
a.m. to 2 p.m. Friday, get their
A MESSAGE TO WOMEN:
Rights Carry Responsibii"t-y
Iin Time of War, Dean Say s
"IN THE SCHOOL YEAR 1944-45 women are enrolled in the
universities and colleges in greater numbers than ever before.
Many of them arc in college with a serious, well-defined purpose
and are making a fine thing of their opportunity for training and
education. These are very welcome members of the University
"But as the record of the first term is written, we know that
their parents and citizens of Michigan a raw deal. Any student
who is noLt putting her° utmost effort Into her work is unworthy
of her contemporaries in the armed forces. Those women who
are wasting their time, neglecting their classroom work, doing
no war work, acting in an inconsiderate manner toward those in
the same house who are trying to work, do not belong here or in
any other university, especially during wartime. In the last two
montls many women have admitted that they have not been
working w itli their full powers. Reports of undue noise, confu--
sion and irresponsibility in dormitory, sorority, and league house
have been legion.
"Women now claim equality of rights. They must then
shoulder equal responsibility, The young women of America are
Nazi commentators claimed this
offensive was not a drive on Berlin
itself, but was aimed at "extension
of the Russian bridgeheads and at
getting the Oder crossings out of
range of German artillery."
Stalin's order of the day announc-
ing the capture of Kuestrin was pre-
ceded by another order which dis-
closed that German defenses north-
west of Danzig had been smashed by
the Second White Russian Army and
that Soviet forces were closing in
rapidly on the great port city itself.
City Partially Destroyed
Kuestrin fell to Marshal G. K.
Zhukov's First White Russian Army
after a week of bloody street fight-
ing. Much of the city, situated on
the Oder's east bank at its confluence
with the Warthe River, was destroyed
as Soviet dive-bombers, artillery, mor-
tars and flame-throwers blasted out
the Nazi defenders.
The Nazi defenders had to be
blasted out of the citadel city on the
Oder's east bank where the Oder and
Warthe Rivers meet. Much of Kues-
trin was destroyed, block by block, by
Soviet dive-bombers, artillery, mor-
tars and fiamethrowers.
Berlin commentators insisted that
the Russian attacks south of Kues-
trin and west of the Oder were not
yet a drive on Berlin itself but were
aimed at "extension of the Russian
bridgeheads and getting the Oder
crossings out of range of German ar-
Heavy Attacks Continuej
Moscow did not confirm westward
attacks from the Oder bridgeheads.,
Meanwhile the Russians pressed
their heavy attacks on Stettin, Dan-
zig and Gdynia.
A communique from Moscow dis-
closed that Marshal Konstantin K.
Rokossovsky's forces northwest of
Danzig actually had sliced that ter-
ritory into small sectors and had
pushed within eight miles of Gdynia
ROAD TO BERLIN
1-Eastern front: 32 miles (from
2 -Western front: 272 miles
(from east of Remagen).
3-Italian front: 544 miles (from
City in Flames
300 B-29's Hit Nagoya,
Jap Aircraft Center
By The Associated Press
21ST BOMBER COMMAND, Guam,
Mar. 13, (Via Navy Radio)-Fifteen
first still were burning in Nagoya,
chief aircraft production center of
Japan, 12 hours after a terror-
spreading middle of the night incen-
diary raid by more than 300 B-29
Reconnaissance photographs dis-
closed today the greatest single item
in the official list of flame-swept tar-
gets was the Aichi aircraft works'
Eitoku plant. A total of 358,000
square feet (nearly 14% of the roof
area) was destroyed. This included
complete gutting of one of the main
Extensive Damage Is Unexpected
Smoke at the time the photographs
were made at noon yesterday still
obscured a large portion of the city
but the 21st Bomber Commnd does
not expect to find "any extensive
damage under the smoke," said Maj.-
Gen. Curtis Lemay, commander of
the 21st, after viewing the pictures.
Major damage was done in five
areas centered about two miles south
of Nagoya Castle but the flames evi-
dently were controlled just as they
started to merge.
Tokyo Mission More Successful
Lemay said, however, the strike
was not as successful as the Tokyo
mission 48 hours earlier, when more
than 300 B-29's devastated the heart
of the Japanese capital. Neither did
the fires spread as rapidly as In
Tokyo, he added.
Latest information raised to 16.7
square miles the extent of destruc-
tion in Tokyo, Lemay said. Last
estimates were 15 square miles.
In Lang ages
Everyone is ivited to enroll in
the series of language courses and
discussion groups being offered this
semester by B'nai Brith Hillel Foun-
Yiddish classes, beginning today,
will be held from 7 to 9 p.m. every
Tuesday. Hebrew instruction will be
offered from 7 to 9 p.m. Wednesdays,
starting tomorrow. The classes will
be conducted by Irving '-Panush,
graduate student in philosophy.
A course in "Contemporary Jewish
History" will be taught by Dr. Max
Dresden of the Physics department.
Starting with the French Revolution
and the emancipation of the Jews in
Europe, the movements and reforms
of the subsequent periods will be
traced. and their relation to the
the only large group of young people in the world who at the tole fro m
present have the opportunity of higher education.
The men of our nation have faced one of the hardest winters
of the war in all the battle areas. As a new term starts, every
woman enrolled ill the University should work and work hard in
order to justify those who have enough faith in her to offer her
education and in order that she may be worthy of the sacrifices,
that are being made for her. Anything less than her best effort is
not good enough."
Alice C Lloyd,
Dean of Women
CHINESE LEADER SAYS:
China ,Nweeds U.S. En cvne.ers,
Jqutpmieiji or Watc~er Sytr'aeins
Two English horns and a. flute
valued at $750, were stolen from a
locker in the basement of Burton
Memorial Tower late Friday after-
noon, according to Prof. William D.
Revelli, Concert Band conductor, who
reported the theft to the police de-
"The instruments are absolutely ir-
replaceable, because the Paris fac-
tory where they were manufactured
will not be in operation again until
after the war. Second-hand pieces
are very scarce," Prof. Revelli noted.
"We believe it must have been the
work of professional thieves, because
of similar occurences on other cam-
puses," he revealed.
The horns are owned by the Uni-
versity, and the flute is the property
of Margaret Ruby, music student,
from whose locker they were stolen.
The instruments were insured, Prof.
Peacetime T raining
Will Be Discussed
"Do We Want Compulsory Train-
ing?" will be the subject of a debate
between Capt..S. W. Curtiss, head-
quarters company commandant of the
31st Infantry, Michigan State Troops,
China after the war will have to
build modern, sanitary water supply
systems in most or all of her large
cities, and she is depending on engi-
neers and equipment from the United
States to help her get the job done,
T. Y. Koo, head of the Sanitary En-
gineering Service of the. Chinese
Nationalist Government, said in an
interview this week.
.fuel were extremely cheap. In the
city it cost less to hire a man to
carry up water from the river, buy
wood and boil the water to make tea.
Now city labor has gone up so much,
just like the price of fuel, that it will
cost folks less to put in a modern
water supply and let machinery do
the work of the men.
"Of course, that's the immediate
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