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June 13, 1945 - Image 4

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The Michigan Daily, 1945-06-13

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WEDNESDlAY, J UNE 12, 1945

Fifty-Fifth Year

Edited and managed by students of the University of
Michigan under the authority of the Board in Control
of Student Publications.
Editorial Staff

Evelyn Phillips
Margaret Farmer
Ray Dixon.
Paul Sislin
hank Mantho
Mavis Kennedy
Ann Schutz
Dick Strickland
Martha Schmitt
Kay McFee

. . . . Managing Editor
. . . Editorial Director
. '. . City Editor
Associate Editor
. .. . Sports Editor
Women's Editor
. Associate Women's Editor
Business Staff
. .Business Manager
. . . Associate Business Mgr.
. . . Associate Business Mr.

Telephone 23.24.1
Member of The Associated Press
The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the use
for re-publication of all news dispatches credited to it or
otherwise credited in this newspaper. All rights of re-
publication of all other matters herein also reserved.
Entered at the Post Office at Ann Arbor, Michigan, as
second-class mali matter.
Subscriptions during the regular school year by car-
rier, $4.50f, by mail, $5.25.
National Advertising Service, Inc.
College Publishers Representative
420MAisoN AvE. NEW YORK. N. .
Member, Associated Collegiate. Press, 1944-45


Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.

Aims 'Coincide

"RUSSIAN collectivism and American indi-
vidualism simply won't work," and "Red
hardheadedness will get us into another war be-
fore we're finished with this one" are common
remarks today.
Those who believe Russian and American in-
terests are irreconcilable point to Russia's in-
sistence on full veto power for the Big Five
and say that she, was using that issue as an ex-
cuse to quit the world security conference. They
point to Soviet action in regard to Poland as
very high-handed.
.They overlook the fact that with the back-
ing of Argentine admission into the San
Francisco conference, the United States set
the precedent for freedom of action for one
power in a region, and forget that Russia may
fear complete over-ruling by the other pow-
ers. They also disregard news of the amiabil-
ity which marks actual contact between Rus-
sian and American troops.
Henry Wallace argued in an article in the
June 11 New Republic that those who proclaim
that Russia is working for her own gain ex-
Olusively are "wittingly or unwittingly looking
for war, and that, in my opinion, is criminal."
Other statesmen and war analysts, among
theem Assistant Secretary of State Archibald
MacLeish, Raymond Swing, and David Law-
rence, have spoken out recently in favor of
more tolerance in viewing Russian demands and
ac lion.
Although compromises with the ideals of
democracy must not be allowed, concessions must
be made to differing conceptions of means to
perfect a world organization.
. Russia's aim is the same as that of the
United States or she would not have put up
with some of the developments at the confer-
ence. The words of Henry Wallace might well
be remembered: "Both the Russians and the
Americans in their different ways are groping
for a way of life which will enable the com-
mon man everywhere to get the most good
out of modern technology."
-Pat Cameron
Tr Tiff Rates
IT APPEARS that the Senate Finance Com-
mittee is dominated by a group of "high
tariff" advocates.
That committee voted 10 to 9 last week to
knock out the power sought by President Tru-
man to cut existing tariff rates in half. This
provision was part of the reciprocal trade law
extension bill now under Congressional con-
Senators Lafollette and George supported
the tariff cut while Senators Tom Connolly
and Arthur H. Vandenberg opposed the meas-
ure. It was almost a complete turnabout for
Michigan's Vandenberg, who almost overnight
"saw the light" and began thinking in inter-
nationalist terms.
The worst feature of the matter involves that
old, but undying argument-"high tariffs will
protect American industry and business from
the competition of foreign producers who pay
lalor little more than slave wages."

nvolveeth disinterested pursuit
of knowledge. Whatever detracts
from that goal diminishes by so much
the value of higher education.
Fraternity men and sorority women
demur violently from this point of
view-which would almost be reason
enough for me to adopt it. Te Greek
letter societies, in their exciusivisin
and anti-intellectuality, have done
much too much to trivialize learning
in America.
They have successfully de-empha-
sized scholarship and enshrined Em-
ily Post. They have stratified cam-
pus life and segregated the student
body according to class, religious and
racial lines.
But, worst of all, they think their
mystic abracadabra and secret
handshake, their provincial idea
of fellowship to be more vital than,
and really the virtual raison
d'etre of a university. The fact that
the membership of these organiza-
tions is made up of men and women
who regularly do poorer work in
school than "independents" is just
as significant as it seems. Such
people, ' for the most part, conic
here to enjoy themselves in pleas-
ant company with the least possi-
ble amount of cerebration for four
relatively unperturbed years,
COLLEGE students have an exag-
gerated sense ofi re nmnercal
importance. Actually, we are only a
tiny part of the total population-
something less than two per cent.
Of these, dnly a fraction take B. A.
degrees in the liberal arts. Now, in
this last group, small as it is, a pow-
erful element prefers to nake of
learning a secondary consideration.
Perhaps, this attitude can eventually
be changed from within. But, as to
the segregationalist policy, it is inde-
fensible and institutional and can be
altered by no measure short of abol-
ishing the whole system.
I doubt whether there is any-
thing more pathetic than the exist-
ence of Jewish; Negro and Chinese
fraternities. Having been humili-
ated and excluded themselves, these
minorities band together to humili-
ate or exclude others. Thus, the
master whips his slave who kicks
the dog which doubtless finds some
other animal to harass.
It has been suggested that we need
only get rid of these undesirable
features and let the system itself re-
main. But, this is like saying Amer -
ica should retain capitalism minus
private ownership of property and
without exploitation of labor. With
these slight modifications, capitalism
ceases to exist, and (dare I say it?
we get socialism.
Co-op Results .
REMOVE all the obnoxious charac-
teristics from a :fraternity or a
sorority. Make it really democratic
--and what have you? A co-op, of
course. If anything at all is to be
done, the system itself must go,
though naturally it will not, root and
I recognize fully that this argu-
ment merely hits at one symptom-
atic aspect of a much broader and
more portentous situation - one
which cuts across our entire cul-
ture. But, so low is the acumen
of Michigan students that this sub-
ject will arouse them to a right-
eous wrath one way or another
while the broader issue goes un-
heeded. Great joy has been ex-
pressed over the turn out for a re-
cent United Nations youth gather-

ing. This movement certainly has
my best wishes, but it is hard to
forget that Town Hall gave rise to
an even larger audience the night
it debated the subject uinder dis-
cussion in this column.
At that time, one of my opponents
pointed out, by way of proving how
hoary and venerable fraternities were,
which was proof positive for him of
their intrinsic worth, that Phi Beta
Kappa was founded in 1776. I thank-
ed him. for contributing this historical
tid-bit. All I had hitherto known
of great importance to us concerning
1776 was that a group of men had
gathered together in Philadelphia to
draw up a document which was the
complete negation of everything fra-
ternities represent.
'Ah, these are the times that
would try our souls-if we had not
already sold them for a mess of
racist porridge.
Post Script: My predecessor, Mr.
Kehoe, was wont to observe that
whenever he reviewed a play favor-
ably, Play Production considered him
an excellent critic, the opposite when
he did not. One member of that
group told me the other week that
last summer The Daily had a good
reviewer, but this year, heavens. In-
teresting, because 1 am both people.
c That doa! ..11! ul

WASHINGTON-The black market in eggs and
poultry is so bad that the War Food Ad-
ministration is seriously considering the freez-
ing of all eggs in storage. Meanwhile J. Edgar
Hoover's G-men had been quietly probing the
pou try black market in the Delaware-Maryland
area with startling results. Their findings will
reach high into Delaware state politics and per-
hap into the Washington headquarters of the
War Food Administration and OPA.
Already Clifford Shedd, Delaware WFA of-
ficial, has lost the authority to release poultry
for civilian consumption from the Army's set-
aside, but his chief in Washington, Gordo,
Sprague, says he is taking full authority for
anything that might be found wrong with
Shedd's administration. Sprague has taken
over direct charge of all poultry releases, but
claims that. he knows of no irregular action by
Meanwhile, black market operations along
both the West and the East Coast are so serious
that legitimate poultry and egg dealers are be-
ing forced out of business. The situation in New
England, New Jersey and North Carolina is
especially bad.
Last week Tim Stitts of the War Food Ad-
ininistration told Congressman Anderson's food
committee that OPA should suspend all price
ceilings on eggs in an effort to channel eggs back
into the legitimate market. This immediately
caused dealers to hold on to their eggs for a
price rise.
But what they did not know is that Stitts
has not requested OPA to suspend or even
raise the price ceiling on eggs. OPA, uner
the Price Control Act, cannot raise these ceil-
ings without formal request from the War
Food Administration, and this request has
never been made,
Finally, the WFA may be forced to freeze all
eggs in storage, permitting the Army to take
what it wants of them and release the rest for
civilian market. Hundreds of thousands of
cases of eggs are in private storage this year
while their owners play for an eventual price
rise. The black market on those eggs which do
not go into storage is so bad that while cream-
eries in Minnesota cannot get eggs, eggs from
Minnesota farms are going via illegal channels
as far as New York City.
U.S. Prestige Abrowi.. .
J fARDBOILED Republican Congressman Ev-
erett Dirksen of Illinois had a secret meeting
with his GOP colleagues in a House lobby the
other day following his 30,000-mile trip around
the world. He gave them plenty of food for
thought. Among other things, Dirksen said:
"Here's something you fellows may not agree
with, but I want to tell you that the OWE
(Office of War Information) is doing a great
job for us abroad.
"I went into Turkey where 83 per cent of the
pictures in the Turkish newspapers and 40 per
cent of the lineage is supplied them by the OWI.
In other words, they are telling the Turks what
this country is like - selling the United States
to Turkey.
"They're doing a great job and if it wasn'+, for
OWl, American prestige wouldn't be half as high
as it is today.
"In India, for instance, I met with a group of
political leaders who began asking me about the
Tennessee Valley Authority. I was surprised that
they would know anything about it, and asked
them how it happened, they replied that they
had seen an OWI film showing TVA.
"I 'ame to the conclusion," Dirksen said,
"that OWT is something we've got to keep after
the war."
Olt So Secret1. ..
Arrest of two State Department and one Navy
official for allegedly giving out secret documents
has brought to a head long-smoulderig back-
stage discussion regarding the question: "When
is a document secret?"
The Commerce Department and Foreign Eco-
nomic Administration long have disliked the
State Department's policy of marking everything

Lar.or Education
r IE UNIVERSITY'S Workers Educational
Service, which got underway last fall with
a state grant to operate a labor education pro-
gram, has been working for seven months on
the basis of talking, not lecturing, to wage earn-
ers on subjects chosen by the workers themselves.
The Service has sent out over 70 special-
ized instructors who have talked to wage-
earner groups in many cities throughout
Michigan. The success of this program has
been attributed to its enthusiastic reception
by the workers and its endorsement by big
labor outfits.
Its success is also due to the Service's aim of
telling the workers informally what they request
to hear and discuss rather than of delivering
a stiff lecture program in a preconceived notion
of 'what's good for labor.'
This new approach to labor education can
bear watching. Its results are already proving
it to be of value. -Binna tullman

Storage Eggs May Be Frozen


"secret." Even enemy radio broadcasts, which
can be picked up by any radio station, are
stamped "secret." Common wise-crack is that
one diplomat even stamped his inter-office tele-
phone directory "confidential."
Just as bad as the State Department is the
Office of Stategic Services, nicknamed the "Oh
So Secret." The young military men working in
Europe and Asia for the OSS have done one of
the truly great Jobs of the war, and some day
their whole story can be written. No praise is
too great for them.
But seated in Washington swivel chairs or
balancing teacups in capital drawing-rooms
are a group of ex-diplomats and Wall Street
brokers who get a great kick out of playing
amateur detective. The efficient FBI could
have done their job with half their operators.
These Hairbreadth Harry's delight in sending
telegrams at the taxpayers' expense frequently
about nothing more important than hotel reser-
vations and dinner parties-all marked "secret."
For instance, here is a telegram, from one of
the OSS amateur dicks at the San Francisco
conference, relating who he dined with, what his
travel reservations were, and how he hoped to
get the files of a retired Spanish-American War'
veteran, Gen. Ralph Van Deeman; yet the tele-
gram, sent to a member of the OSS here, has
"secret" stamped all over it.
(Copyright, 1945, by the Bell Syndicate, Inc)
WE KNOW that it is curiously hard to punish
war criminals; a strange bafflement afflicts
those who go to work in this field. Manifest-
ations of kittenishness are common. It is said
that we ought to apply the principles of our Bill
of Rights to suspected war criminals; though
there is certainly no legal requirement for giving
the Gestapo the protection of that portion of our
Constitution, any more than there would be for
letting it vote in our elections.
We are tentative about the bloody business,
and we are full of doubts. One periodical
murmurs editorially that it is more important
to set up respect for correct legal procedure in
Germany, than to punish the guilty. But not
punishing the guilty means leaving triumph-
antly at large those Germans who have no
respect for correct legal procedure at all,
which is an odd way to score one for our side.
We are told that our concept of justice is on
trial, in Germany, that the fate of Anglo-Saxon
jurisprudence is involved in whatever decision
we make about war criminals, that we may
seriously damage our own democratic legal
structure if we go too far. This kind of nervous
defensiveness seems uncalled for; it rather blurs
the question of who won the war. We are not
on trial. Nazism is.
DOWN DEEP, buried miles beneath these argu-
ments, is a fact which no one really wants
to face, and that is that the question of punish-
ing German war criminals includes the question
of the future social organization of the German
people. A really thorough job of eliminating the
war criminals in Germany might well mean the
elimination of entire groups and classes, Junk-
ers, the General Staff, many industrialists who
financed Hitler and were paid off with war con-
tracts; it might mean that we would find our-
selves conducting a revolution for the Germans,
and inventing a new German society.
But to invent a new society is exactly what we
don't care to do at the moment. All our agita-
tions about whither society is drifting, is it left,
is it right, are set vibrating by the problem Ger-
many presents to us.
It is a perfectly natural tendency, I think, to
view what happens to German society in terms
of the same things happening here. The spec-
tacle of large numbers of the established and
the powerful being deposed, in a moment, and
forever, would set nerve-ends wobbling if it
happened anywhere, even in Ecuador; and in
Germany there is the added complication that
we ourselves would be the stage-managers of
social upheaval. Here may be found, at least
in part, the reason for the curious tremor
which seems to go through our public discus-
sions when the question of what to do with

Germany is raised, and why everybody shows
a certain tenseness in the premises.
IT IS GOOD, I think, to get these matters up
into the light, where the sun may play on
them. Only thus can we realistically examine
the problem. And when we do so, we realize at
once that, if thorough-going punishment of war
criminals may be said to put our way of life on
trial, not to punish them also puts our way of
life on trial. It says about us that we're the kind
of people who don't punish fascist war criminals.
It says about us that we're a little frightened of
the future, that we don't have much faith in the
goodwill of ordinary men and women, or in their
desire for decent democracy, and that we'd rath-
er like to protect ourselves by leaving things,
even rather bad things, much as they are.
In the contest now going on to capture the
imaginations of men, it may be worse for our
system to acquire that reputation, than to be
accused of having denied habeas corpus to
Hermann Goering.
(Copyright, 1945, New York Post Syndicate)
By Crockett Johnson
And very seldom does any harm come of it.
Se. The Witch's ctf is safe. in the free-

Publication in the Daily Official Bul-
letin is constructive notice to all mem-
bers or the University. Notices for the
Bulletin should be sent in typewritten
form to the Assistant to the President,
1021 Angel Dal, by 2.30) p. in. of the day
preceding publication (10:30 a. in. Sat-
VOL. LV, No. 171
President and Mrs. Rutliven will be
at home to alumni, members of the
graduating classes and their friends,
on Friday afternoon, Juie 22, from
3:00 to 5:00 CWT.
The University Commencement
will be held in Hill Auditorium, Sat-
urday morning, June 23. The doors
open at 8:45 a.m. (CWT) Audience
should be seated by 9:20 a.m. when
procession enters the Auditorium. n
case of rain the power house whistle
will be blown at 8:30 a.m. to notify
all concerned that the Commence-
ment Procession has been abandoned.
Automobile Regulation. The Uni-
versity Automobile Regulation will b
- -____---- ___
ReVeWsS . .
All year I have been puzzled
by your Mr. Rosenberg's views of
the Play Production dramas and
although I have been willing to
admit that he was smarter than
I and that he might be right about
what he said, I have never been at
all sure as to just what he was
saying. This has been extremely
frustrating for me (as it must also
have been for the Play Production
actors who have never been sure as
to whether theywere being praised
or damned) and since I (like the
aforesaid actors) am a devoted
reader of the Daily, I think it is
only fair of you to give me the
chance to submit the following
review. (I go Mr. Rosenberg one
better; I have not even seen the
plays!) I trust that you will print
it so that Mr. Rosenberg will know
what it has been like for me to
eat my breakfast with a drama
review in one hand, a dictionary in
the other, Bulfinch's Mythology
balanced on my chin, a road map in
my lap, and an interpreter sitting
on my left foot.
LAST NIGHT the Melpomene o!
the Lydia Mendelssohn perform-
ed another prestodigital piece o
leger-de-main in culling a tripod o'
morsels from the ennead of Noe
Howard's crystalline farce-saga, call-
ed, simply, "To-Night at 8:15," leav-
ing as dross or perhaps as raw ma-
teriel for less Promethean directeurs
the remaining heptology of rich
unimaginative one-acts.
The quality of acting varie&
throughout, not only from play tC
play, but from actor to actor. Thf
luster of much of Miss Murzeks' pr-
jection in the first play "Ways anc
Means" was corroded slightly by hem
unfortunate habit of kicking back-
ward every time she delivered a line
This negligible fault (if fault it be)
was amply compensated for by he
aquiline grace of carriage and hei
plethora of movement. Toby, her
husband, cast as Byron Mitchell, hi
the high note of the evening in hi
portrayal and one was truly sorry to
see him apprehended and led off as i

common criminal at the close of the
second scene. The music was ade-
quate. The second play, "Fumed
Album," although rather astigmatic.
provided a pleasant enough interlude
between cigarettes in the lobby. Mit-
chell, with all due respect for the
weeks he must have devoted to this
characterization, failedtutterly to de-
velop the prophet without a home.
His impressionistic young daughter
played by Annetee Chaikin, though
a source of much raucous amusement
to the undergraduate element which
haunts opening nights, could only
cover up her lack of knowledge of
the arts of Thespius by a Jeckyll and
Hyde mixture of ham and corn. Her
lamentable failure at playing the
simplest of piano pieces may serve to
gauge her ability. Eileen Blum and
the mother-in-law were able support-
In the third play, which was also
the last, a false note was struck at
camouflage techniques. Against the
restrained background, the uniform-
ly mud-colored dresses of the cast
stood out like chameleons, giving a
strangely Vicoesque effect, like a
colorless Turner. Lucille Janiat,
however, gave her best performance
nf the evening a the hinedal maid-of-

lifted at 12:00 noon EWT 11:00a.m.
CWT) on Saturday, June 23, 1945.
The Ruling will be resumed for the
Summer' Term at 8:00 a.m. EWT
7:00 am. CWT) n July 2, 1945.
The Summer Session of the Grad-
uate Curriculum in Social Work,
which is given at the Rackham Mem-
orial Building in Detroit, will open
for registration Friday and Satur-
day, June 15 and 16, classes begin-
ning Monday, June 18. The session
will close Friday, Aug. 10. This is a
change fro moriginal dates set.
Identification Cards which were
issued for the Summer, Fall and
Spring of 1944-45 will be revalidated
for the Summer Term 1945 and must
be turned in at the time of registra-
Lion. The 1944-45 cards will be used
for an additional term because of
the shortage of film and paper,
Hlopwood Lecture: Mr. Struthers
Burt, American novelist, wil deliver
the annual Hopwood lecture on the
subject "The Unreality of Realism"
at 3:00 p.m. CWT Friday, June 15, in
the Rackham Lecture Hall. An-
nouncement of the Hopwood Awards
for the year 1944-45 will be made at
the conclusion of the lecture. The
public is cordially invited.
Academic Notices
Final Examination Schedule:
English I
Abel ...................... NS Aud
Bader .... . ... . ...........'NS Aud
Bromage.................NS Aud
Davis ...... ...... . . NS Aud
Oeterson ...... ...... NS Aud
English 2
Bertram................C Haven
3oys ............ .......C Haven
'alver. .. G Haven
'isinger ................ C Haven
Engel .................... 229 AH
e verett .....................18 AH
7letchey ................ B Haven
--ogle-.-.....--..............231 AH
Ireenhut ................ 2231 AH
P'awkins ..................231 AH
layden.................B Haven
Ueln .....................1.I8 AH
--o-i--s-..................2235 AH
Nelson..................2203 AH
)gden ........ ........2203-AH
?earl .................... 2003 AH
layment ................ 2029 AH
(owe .............. .......2225 AH
Iaylor ..................... 35 AH
Vanderbilt ..................6 AlH
Walker .................. 2003 AH
Weaver ................... 2225 AH
Wells .... . .............B Haven
Wilhiams ................. 2003 AH
German Department Room As-
ignments for final examinations,
:00-3:00 p.m. (CWT) Monday, June
8, 1945:
German 1-All sections: 25 Angell
German 2---Gaiss, Willey, Eaton,
md Philippson; 101 Economics
3uilding; Reichart, Nordmeyer,
triedieck, Pott, Meisel: C Haven
German 31---All sections: 2231 An-
;ell Hall.
German 32---All sections: 2003 An-
tell Hall.
English 45, Section 1 (Rowe) The
inal examination will be held in
toom 2231 Angell Hall.
Mr. Landecker will not meet his
rhursday, 9 o'clock (CWT) class,
Sociology 54, nor his Thursday 10
o'clock (CWT) class, Sociology 165.
Dgctoral Examination for Clarence
Thomas DeGraaf, English Language
'nd Literature; thesis: "The Intro-
luctory Course in Literature in the
iberal Arts Colleges," today, 2:15
).m. (CWT), in the East Council
'oom, Rackham Building. Chair-
nan, C. . Thorpe.
By action of the Executive Board

he Chairman may invite members of
he faculties and advanced doctoral
;andidates to attend this exainin-
ition, and he may grant permission
;o those who for sufficient reason
night wish to be present.
Students who have competed in
,he Hopwood contests may obtain
their manuscripts at the Hopwood
Room on Monday or Tuesday after-
noon of next week.
Students who have won Hopwood
prizes will be notified by special de-
livery letter before Friday morning.

The student recital by
bey Rathbun, pianist,
scheduled for tonight in
delssohn Theatre, has

Elaine Ash-
Lydia Men-
been post-

Student Recital: Sarah Hanby
Gordon, pianist, will present a recital
in partial fulfillment of the require-
ments for the degree of Master of
Music at 7:00 p.m. (CWT), Friday,
June 15, in the Assembly Hall of the
Rackham Building. A pupil of Jos-

Gosh, Mr. O'Molley, why does Gorgon
h-. evi to tanAmin no efc-u Ii v

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