THE MICHIGAN DAILY
TUESDAY, JUNE 12, 1945
Hopkins Settles Polish Dispute
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Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The. Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
THE FAIR Employment Practices Commis-
sion will lose all its power to act as soon as
war plants are reconverted unless it is put
on a permanent statutory basis now. Against
the bill providing for a permanent FEPC are
not only the reactionaries, the advocates of
"white supremacy" and those who specialize
in stirring up racial and religious hatred, but
also a few sincere individuals who maintain
that prejudice is an emotion .and that emotional
control cannot be legislated. Education, they
say, is the only remedy.
Our schools have been teaching the theo-
retical equality of the Negro ever since the
Civil War. We have come through $0 years
of 'race riots, lynchings and brutal results. We
have no reason to believe that the next century
will produce anything resembling a change for
the better. Are our universities free from preju-
dice, signifying that they have reached the last
rung in the educational ladder? It is an ac-
cepted fact that in the great majority of the
nation's institutions of higher.learning the race
and creed, as well as the ability of a man is
considered before he is appointed to the faculty.
There are students who are at this univer-
sity today because they were refused entrance
to colleges which have enrollment "quotas."
And there are students at other schools today
who are there because they were refused admis-
sion to special divisions of this university for
that same reason.
Education alone can never solve the prob-
lem of racial and religious discrimination.
While it may be true that prejudice brings
about discrimination, it is equally true that
discrimination breeds prejudice. The vicious
circle can only be broken when discrimina-
ion is outlawed
FIVE young people who were here last week
have caused a minor 'sensation on campus.
They have inspired a long-sought-for inter-
They have instilled us with some of the en-
They have mapped out strategy for us to
follow. And we are carrying out that plan of
Few people imagined that five previously in-
significant persons .would have such n effect
on us. They asked for a united world youth
front and Michigan is playing its part to achieve
Organizations and individuals have joined
willingly. Over 175 attended the initial meet-
ing last week, and another such all-campus
meeting will be held' at 4:15 . m.-today in
The purpose of this group, as a small part of
the giant front, will be to protect the peace.
That is the task of the youth of the world.
By DREW PEARSON
WASHINGTON-Unless something unforeseen
happens to upset it, Harry Hopkins has won
a resounding victory for improved relations with
Russia by ironing out the main points of the
The agreement, hammered out in several
intimate talks between Hopkins and Stalin,
provided for an immediate meeting by three
groups 'of Polish leaders in Moscow to set up
a new Polish government representing all
factions. This will include ex-premier Mikola-
jezyk of the London government, who has
been kept closely informed of all phases of
the Kremlin discussions and has approved
An invitation to this Moscow meeting will be
issued by the representatives of Great Britain,
the United States and Russia almost immediate-
ly. Four of the Polish leaders who will meet
in Moscow will be from the Lublin government,
including President Bierut. Two will come from
the London government, including Premier Mik-
olajezyk and labor minister Jan Stanzyck.
Details Worked Out . .
DETAILS regarding the coming Polish confer-
ence already have been worked out, and
the seven Poles now outside the Lublin govern-
ment will doubtless be brought into the new
government, which will then be recognized by
both Washington and London.
The details of the Hopkins-Stalin conversa-
tions inside the Kremlin, considered an import-
ant milestone in -American-Russian relations,
can now be told.
They started on the question of the 16 miss-
ing Poles, Hopkins pointing out what great dis-
tress the Russian action in arresting them had
caused in the United States.
Stalin admitted that not all were guilty but
said that the Soviet Union could not counten-
ance any group which came to Moscow in
"good faith" bringing with them a secret radio
which was being used to transmit messages to
London or any other place especially when
ample British and American transmission fa-
cilities were available in Moscow if the Poles
did not trust the Russians.
Stalin also pointed out the group had been
caught red-handed sending other than dip-
lomatic messages over the radio and that the
arrest of the entire group had followed.
Hopkins pressed the point that it was unfair
to punish all the men for the sins of a few.
Finally Stalin agreed that all would not be tried
and that some were to be released. Hopkins
pointed out that the press and radio in the U. S.
were waging tremendous political warfare on the
Russians and that this made any pro-Soviet
foreign policy extremely difficult to carry out.
Marshal Stalin agreed that the situation was
quite bad in the U. S., and in Britain as well.
However, he stubbornly maintained that the
reason behind the campaign was that big in-
terests in the U. S. hate Russia and will at-
tack her on any pretense.
Stalin did agree it was high time the Rus-
sians made some gesture toward the United
States. However, lie asked that release of
the Poles not be made a condition to re-
sumption of negotiations on the Polish issue.
Truman's Approval Obtained .. .
- OPKINS and Averell Harriman, U. S. ambas-
sador to Moscow, agreed with Stalin and
promised to use their influence with Churchill
and Truman to obtain approval of this tentative
procedure. Truman readily agreed, and the next
night Hopkins and Stalin went into session
Hopkins then proposed that ex-Premier
Mikolajczyk be brought to Moscow and sit in on
THE DEPARTMENT of Speech's experimental
theatre held forth last night in the Univer-
sity High School auditorium with a production
of a student-written play, Louise Comins' "A
Girl's Best Friend."
The play is a diverting one, suggesting, as
have the other productions of this group, that
there is considerable talent for dramatic writ-
ing i" the student body.
"A Girl's Best Friend" is a farce comedy about
sorority life. While the play concerns itself
with a rather tepid love affair fraught with
mother-in-law trouble, it is really a vehicle for
kidding college life. It delves into such sub-
jects as cab service, the Arboretum, hired help,
laundry service, month-late themes and men,
men, men. Loaded with amusing dialogue, it
brought last night's audience to a point of great
enthusiasm. The play contains an absolutely
magnificent swipe at house-mothers. One feels
Miss Comins must be rather bitter on this sub-
ject, since her Mrs. Roper is painted in pure
vitriol. She lacks only a whip and moustache
to play Simon LeGree.
T1'he performance badly mangled the third
act. which I suspect is slightly tedious any-
way. Otherwise the cast gave a good account
of themselves, Harriet Robr, Leona Landy,
.and Henry Kaminski deserve a special round
of applause in an evening which proved all
over again the value of the experimental
theatre and its work.
the negotiations. Also he proposed that Mikola-
jczyk be asked to submit a group of Poles who
were to be added to the Lublin regime. Stalin
said this was consistent with the way in which
he and President Roosevelt understood the Yalta
agreement, namely enlarging the present War-
saw government, using the original Lublin group
as its base. He approved this proposal and
gave Hopkins a list of acceptable Poles. These
were reported to Mikolajczyk who worked over
the list in cooperation with some of his British
government friends. .
Finally Hopkins agreed to send a personal
message to Prime Minister Churchill asking that
he, too, appitove the entire formula worked out
by himself and Stalin, including the fact that
this agreement not be made conditional on the
release of the 16 Poles. Hopkins told the State
Department and Churchill that Stalin had prom-
ised to give their release serious consideration
and that he, Hopkins was confident this would
Under the Hopkins formula, consultations
will be started in Moscow immediately among
the Poles themselves with Mikolajczyk speak-
ing.for the group outside Poland and the
Lublin-Warsaw group being represented by
President Bierut, head of the Lublin organ-
ization. The Big Three will watch over the.
meetings, but will do no negotiating on be-
half of the Poles.
(Copyright, 1945, by the Bell Syndicate, Inc.)
I'D RATHER BE RIGHT:f
By SAMUEL GRAFTON
EGGS ARE hard to get, but strawberries (says
the Wall Street Journal) are being flown
daily from the Ozarks to Chicago. One has no
objection to the air-borne strawberry, long may
it fly, except that it is a kind of symbol. One
of the earmarks of a period of beginning infla-
tion is a brisk trade in luxuries, while necessi-
ties grow scarce. It is easier to buy a $150
suit of clothes in New York than a chicken; it
is easier to buy lace than denim, and there are
far more floozy nightgowns on sal than honest
shirts, 161/2, 34 sleeve.
An economy in which inflation is beginning
looks different from one in which it is not; one
has only to walk down the street to see the signs
of it. It is not solely a question of shortage of
materials; there are more fancy clothes on dis-
play to play golf in, than plain things to work
in. An inflated economy is one in which ketchup
is scarce and perfume isn't.
There are other signs, too; one is that we
are running out of any devices with which to
fight inflation, except inflationary devices. We
are trying to solve the problem of how to
keep the meat industry going, at current
prices, by turning a quarter of a billion dol-
lars in additional subsidies' over to packers
and feeders. That is justified, and it is far
better than a general price increase, but it
is a quarter of a billion dollars, and it is
inflationary; it amounts to shovelling more
money on to the pile, in an effort to drag
the goods out,
A number of Congressmen are trying to force
the Office of Price Administration to guarantee
to every manufacturer a profit on every item he
makes, regardless of his over-all profit picture;
they say that would make it possible for manu-
facturers to produce more of the scarce items,
but that', too, is an inflationary solution for an
inflationary problem. It is characteristic of a
certain stage of inflation that one tries to solve
it by more inflation.
Actually, the Office of Price Administration
and Congress are heading in the same general
direction, except that the Office of Price Admini-
stration too is doing it reluctantly, and more or
less scientifically, while a number of Congress-
men want to throw incendiary bombs on the fire.
That is the worst of it; a lust to speed the
inflationary process is developing. A hungry
yearning for inflation is a standard article in
American politics, and has been since the in-
ception of the republic. But the odd thing is
that it is the Republican party, the party of
sound money, which has fallen chief current
victim to this disease; it has got its love for
sound money somehow subordinated to its hat-
red of government controls.
The anger Which several Senators directed
against the Office of Price Administration in last
week's debate would have been much more ap-
propriate if directed against the black market,
which is really sapping the strength of the great
American djollar- The same degree of passion
and real honest feeling, bent to the latter pur-
pose, might do the black market in. The black
market really couldn't live, if it were denounced
as often as the OPA is.
Remember the flying strawberries, inino-
cent little things, delicious with cream; but a
useful minor symbol, too. We are heading
towards a curious period, in which there are
going to be 200,000 new automobiles made
and sold this year. but maybe nothing for
lamb stew; more radio tubes and more employ-
ment; an economy kind of pulled out thin,
more orchidaceous at the luxury level, and
more frayed at the bottom. And the war is
still on, as the man in the store says; and it
is worth a measure of control to keep our
economy from wearing its hat blowsily on one
side. What shall it profit a people if its
strawberries fly, and its hopes do not?
(Copyright. 1945. N. Y. Post Syndicate)
PublicationInthe Daily Official Bul-
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bers of the University. Notices for the
Bulletin should be sent in typewritten
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preceding publication (10:30 a. m. Sat-
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THE DAILY OFFICIAL
TUESDAY, JUNE 12, 1945
VOL. LV, No. 170
President and Mrs. Rutliven will be
at home to alumni, members of the
graduating classes and their friends,
on Friday afternoon, June 22, from
3:00 to 5:00 CWT.
The University Commencement
will be held in Hill Auditorium, Sat-
urday morning, June 23. The doors
open at 8:45 a.m. (CWT) Audience
should be seated by 9:20 a.m. when
procession enter§ the Auditorium. In
case of rain the power house whistle
will be blown at 8:30 a.m. to notify
all concerned that the Commence-
ment Procession has been abandoned.
Automobile Regulation. The Uni-
versity Automobile Regulation will be
lifted at 12:00 noon EWT (11:00 a.m.
CWT) on Saturday, June 23, 1945.
The Ruling will be resumed for the
Summer Term at 8:00 a.m. EWT
(7:00 a.m. CWT) on July 2, 1945.
Attention June Graduates: Col-
lege of Literature, Science, and the
Arts, School of Education, School of
Music, School of Public. Health:
Students are advised not to request
grades of I or X in June. When
such grades are absolutely imperative,
the work must be made up in time to
allow your instructor to report the
make up grade not later than 4:00
p. in., June 27th. Grades received
after that time may defer the stu-
dent's graduation until a later date.
Identification Cards which were
issued for the Summer, Fall and
Spring of 1944-45 will be revalidated
for the Summer Term 1945 and must
be turned in at the time of registra-
tion. The 1944-45 cards will be used
for an additional term because of
the shortage of film and paper.
Seniors: The firm which furnish-
es diplomas for the University has
sent the following caution: "Please
warn graduates not to store diplomas
in cedar chests. There is enough of
the moth-killing aromatic oil in the
average cedar chest to soften inks of
any kind that might be stored in-
side them resulting in seriously dam-
aging the diplomas."
Student Accounts: Your attention
is called to the following rules passed
by the Regents at their meeting of
February 28, 1936:
"Students shall pay all accounts due
the University not later than the
last day of classes of each semester or
summer session. Student loans which
are not paid or renewed are subject
to this regulation; however, student
loans not yet due are exempt. Any
unpaid accounts at the close of busi-
ness on the last day of classes will
ANY BONOS TODAY? ?By Bing Crosby
Illust ratedby Hilda Terry
a - ---- -.1'~~7
I-0h, ugjle l is really a swell driver! Il ejust cuts a
notch In that fender every time he buys a War Bond."
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
be reported to the Cashier of the
"(a) All academic credits will be
withheld, the grades for the semes-
ter or summer session just completed
will not be released, and no tran-
script of credits will be issued.
"(b) All students owing such ac-
counts will not be allowed to regis-
ter in any subsequent semester or
summer session until payment has
The Summer Session of the Grad-.
uate Curriculum in Social Work,
which is given at the Rackham Mem-
orial Building in Detroit, will open
for registration Friday and Satur-
day, June 15 and 16, classes begin-
ning Monday, June 18. The session
will close Friday, Aug. 10. This is a
change fro moriginal dates set.
Recommendations for Depart-
mental Honors: Teaching depart-
ments wishing to recommend tenta-
tive June graduates from the College
of Literature, Science and the Arts
and the School of Education for de-
partmental honors should send such
names to the Registrar's Office, Room
4, University Hall, by noon of June
State of Michigan Civil Service an-
nouncements for the following exam-
inations have been received in our
office. School Research Supervisor
IV, $360 to $420 per month, Market-
ing Enforcement Inspector A, $150
to $170, Barber Inspector A2, $140 to
$160, and Property Sales Clerk B.
$125 to $145 per month. For further
information stop in at 201 Mason
Hall, Bureau of Appointments.
Student Social Worker:
DetroitCivil Service are in
Student Social Workers.
By BAiJIE WATE1(S
$1735 per year. For further infor-
mation stop in at 201 Mason Hall,
Bureau of Appointments.
Detroit Civil Service announcements
for the following have been received
in our office. Junior Stenographer,
$1952 per year, Junior Typist, $1734,
Intermediate Typist, $1886, Junior
Clerk, $1734, Intermediate Clerk,
$1886, Sr. Social Ebonomist, $3750 to
$4260, Prin. Social Economist, $4830
to $5451, Transportation Safety En-
gineer, $7500, Posting Machine Oper-
ator (AFB&TM $1952, Calculating
Machine Operator, $1952, Trans.
Equip. Operator (Fem.), .97c per
hour, Coach Service Man, .70c per
hour, City Plan Effectuator, $4761,
Sr. City Plan Effectuator, $6230,
Social Case Worker, $2100, Animal
Keeper, $57.20 per wk., Medical At-
tendant (Female) $1734, Messenger,
$1226 per year. Further information
regarding these examinations may be
obtained at the Bureau of Appoint-
ments, 201 Mason Hall.
Federal Civil Service announce-
ment for Training Officer, $3163 to
$4428 per year, for employment in
Veterans Administration Facility,
Dearborn, Michigan. For further in-
formation stop in at 201 Mason Hall,
Bureau of Appointments.
Hopwood Lecture: Mr. Struthers
Burtf American novelist, will deliver
the annual Hopwood lecture on the
subject "The Unreality of Realism"
at 3:00 p.m. CWT Friday, June 15, in
the Rackham Lecture Hall. An-
nouncement of the Hopwood Awards
for the year 1944-45 will be made at
the conclusion of the lecture. The
public is cordially invited.
A cadenic Notices
Make-up examinations in teology
13 will be given on June 13th at 8:00
CWT in the Natural Science Audi-
Makeup examinations in Geology
65 will be given on June 13th at 9:00
CWT in the Natural Science Audi-
Final Examination Schedule:
Abel ....... ..............~. NS Aud
Bader .................... NS Aud
Bromage N................. NS Aud
Davis ..................... NS Aud
Peterson ................. NS Aud
Bertram ................ C Haven
Boys ..................... C Haven
Calves .........G 'Haven
Eisinger ................ C Haven
Engel ................... 229 All
Everett.................... 18 All
Fletcher B Haven
Hawkins ....... ....231 AH
Hayden .................. B Haven
Helm .......... ........... 18 All
Morris ...................2235 All
Nelson ..................2203 All
Ogden ................... 2203 All
Pearl .................... 2003 AH
Rayment ................2029 All
Rowe ..................... 2225 All
Taylor ....................35 All
Vanderbilt. . . ............6 All
Walker .................. 2093 AH
Weaver ................... 2225 All
German Department Room As-
sign"ents' for final examinations,
1:00-3:00 p.m. (CWT) Monday, June
German 1-All sections: 25 Angell
At the Michiganr
INTO EVERY tragedienne's life some
slapstick must fall. Thatisa bit
of philosophy dear to the heart of
Hollywood, In the past we have
been treated to Katherine Hepburn
smoking a cigar, Bette Davis sitting
on a cactus and Garbo doing the
rumba. Now it is Ida Lupino's turn.
Miss Lupino, who has heretofore
specialized in neurotic murderesses,
is on view in a farce comedy called
"Pillow to Post."
How well you like the results will
probably depend on how much you
like Miss Lupino. I've admired
some of her past work, but the
day has gone when I could be
vastly amused by people being hit
over the heads with ironing boards,
and quadruplets being born for
the grand finale.
Nevertheless, "Pillow to Post" is
ra ther consistently amusing farce and
Miss Lupino really works for her
salary. The piece is about a travel-
ling saleswoman who is stranded at
one of those towns ad joining army
posts. To get a roof over her head
she must produce a husband. She
persuades a lieutenant to do the
favor, but the results backfire when
everyone misunderstands the situa-
Aside from a more or less in-
evitable intoxication.scene, indis-
pensable to this type of thing, Miss
Lupino plays a breathless bagpack-
ing scene that is among the nicer
comedy bits of the year. Leading
man William Prince, a stranger to
me, is chiefly notable for being
able to wear a blanket with the air
of a Roman senatorslipping into
his toga. Sydney Greenstrect is
present also but fortunately is not
called upon to pack bags, or any-
thing else too strenuous for his
At the St fa t .
Y THE Hollywood yardstick, lr-
rol Flynn, despite his historic
shortcomings, is as good a movie
personality as has been turned out in
recent years. However, his associa-
tion with "Objective, Burma" may
possibly be unfortunate.
After assuring a friend of mine
who knows his 'movie stars that the
objective of the title referred solely
to the geographical location, it oc-
curred to me that Mr. Flynn's
presence, in this respect, may de-
tract from what is one of the year's
"Objective, Burma" is another in
the excellent series of' service films
turned out by Warner Brothers. Fol-
lowing in the footsteps of "Action in'
the North Atlantic," "Air Forc" and
"Destination, Tokyo," it is a study
of the paratroopers and more partic-
ularly of -jungle warfare. In the-
last ]respect, the film is unusually
successful. Considerable heights of
suspense' are achieved in the jungle'
We talk of peace so
tome to do something
That time is now.
much that a time has
By Crockett Johnson
-- O- - c w
I- -. . .