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June 12, 1945 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1945-06-12

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VOL. LV, No. 170 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, TUESDAY, JUNE 12, 1945

PRICE FIVE CENTS

Kingsbury, Dixon
Appointed Heads
Of 'Ensian, Daily
Pines, Strickland,Flint To Assume
Leading Posts on Business Staffs

League Economic Powers Favored

66

Florence Kingsbury was appointed
managing editor of the 1946 Michi-
ganensian and Ray Dixon was ap-
pointed managing editor of the Daily
by the Board in Control of Student
Publications yesterday.
Ann Wallerstein will be associate
editor of the 'Ensian while Jean Pines
was re-appointed business manager.
Norma Johnson will be in charge of
the summer directory business staff.
Dixon will be managing editor.
of the Daily for both the summer
Large Budget
Proposed for
P acif ic War
European Victory Cuts
Last Year's Figure
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON, June 11-The Ar-
my proposes to spend $39,019,790,474
fighting Japan alone in the year
beginning July 1, one-fourth less
than it required in fiscal 1945 for war
in both Europe and the Pacific.
President Truman, submitting to
Congress the War Department budg-
et for the next fiscal year, pointed
out that the figure represented a cut
from the preliminary estimate of
$45,500,000,000 made when the late
President Roosevelt submitted the
regular budget in January. That pre-
liminary figure was based on the
assumption that fighting against
Germany might continue.
The reduction was a direct out-
come of the capitulation of the Nazis.
"The amout recommended for 1946
reflects an . overall dec4ease of 25
per cent in the program for the fis-
cal year 1945.which is estimated to
total $52,600,000,000," a White House
statement said.
"The President estimated that the
Army's strength will total 8,320,000
on June 30, 1945, and will be cut to
a maximum of 6,968,000 during the
succeeding 12 months.
"The budget," Mr. Truman said,
"not only contemplates financing the
war against Japan throughout the
fiscal year but it provides funds for
munitions and equipment to be de-
livered through Dec. 31, 1946.
"Included is approximately $1,000,-
000,000 for international aid require-
ments (military lend-lease) and for
relief of civilians in areas occupied
by our forces."
Convict May Be
In Ann Arbor
Local police said last night "it is
very likely that at least one of the
two convicts who escaped from Jack-
son Prison yesterday will head in the
direction of Ann Arbor."
Leo Maloney, 31, serving 40 to 50
years, has relatives in Chelsea and
may go there, police indicated. The
other escaped convict, Charles Lang-
don, 37, serving a life sentence, is
not a native of this area.
CAMPUS EVENTS
Today The All-Campus organ-
ization will hold a mass
meeting at 4:30 p. m.
EWT (3:30 CWT) in Lane
Hall.
Today Sphinx members will
meet at 7 p. m. EWT in
the lounge of the West
Quad.
Today Members of the WAA
Board will hold a dinner
meeting at 6 p. m. EWT
(5 p. m. CWT) at the
WAB.
Today The monthly pre-induc-
tion meetings, conducted
by the Ann Arbor Office
of Civilian Defense and
the Selective Service
Board will be held at 7:30

p. m. EWT (6:30 p. m.
CWT) in the small audit-
orium of the Ann Arbor
High School.
June 13 V-12 Unit will present
Navy Olympics, 7 p. m.
EWT (6 p. m. CWT) at
FerrvF ield.

session and the fall term. Margaret
Farmer and Betty Roth will as-
sume all other senior duties for the
summer.
Daily business manager for summer
session will be Richard Strickland.
Fall business manager will be Dorothy
Flint with Joy Altman as associate
business manager.
Miss Kingsbury, '47, has worked
on the 'Ensian four semesters, hold-
ing the position of junior editor for
the past three semesters. A member
of Gamma Phi Beta, she is a cap-
tain of the League Merit Tutorial
committee.
Miss Wallerstein, who has also
worked four semesters on the
'Ensian, is a sociology major and
will be graduated in 1947. She has
been a junior editor for the past
two semesters, is a member of Wy-
vern, and was recently appointed
WAA dormitory manager for 1945-
'46.
Miss Pines, a junior psychology
major, has worked on the 'Ensian five
semesters assuming the position of
business manager in November, 1944.
She is a member of Scroll, of Wyvern,
and of Sigma Delta Tau sorority.
Miss Johnson, '46, has been a mem-
ber of the 'Ensian business staff for
three years, at present acting as ac-
counts manager. A member of Kappa
Delta, she is an economics major and
has worked on JGP.
Dixon, a senior economics major,
has worked on the Daily since the
spring term, 1942. He was a night
editor for three semesters and city
editor during the present semester.
He is a member of Chi Phi frater.
nity, Men's Judiciary Council and
Sigma Delta Chi national journal-
istic honorary.
Miss Farmer, who has worked four
semesters on the Daily, is also an
economics major. She was a night
editor for one semester and editorial
director this semester. A June, '46,
graduate, she is a member of Mortar
Board, Senior Society, the Varsity
debate team and Delta Sigma Rho
collegiate speech fraternity.
Miss Roth, '46, has worked on
the Daily six semesters, holding the
position of night editor two seme-
sters. An economics major, she is a
member of Senior Society and of the
Inter-Cooperative Council.
Strickland was reappointed as
business manager of the Daily after
serving in that capacity this seme-
ster. He has worked on the Daily
since summer term, 1944, acting as
accounts manager from December,
1944 until March. He is president
of Chi Phi fraternity and a mem-
ber of Sphinx.
Miss Flint, '46, is a business ad-
ministration major. She has work-
ed on the Daily four semesters, act-
ing as contracts and promotion man-
ager one semester and as local ad-
vertising manager at present. She is
a member of Senior Society..
Miss Altman, '46, has worked on
the Daily for two years, previously
holding the positions of services and
service manager. A number of Sigma
Delta Tau, she was associate busi-
ness manager of the V-Ball Daily in
March, 1945.

Borneo
Aussies Find
Little Enemy
Oppositionl
MacArthur Leads
New Landings
By The Associated Press
MANILA, June 12-Sweating Aus-
tralian troops plunged steadily inland
in British North Borneo against neg-
ligible resistance today after four
unopposed landings in the Brunei
Bay area Sunday, as Gen. Douglas
MacArthur bid boldly for the oil
and rubber of the world's third larg-
est island.
Already the invasion had secured
for the Allied navies Brunei Bay,
one of the southwest Pacific's finest
anchorages only 800 miles from Sing-
apore; swept through the ruined
town of Brooketon, where new Japa-

* * =

Is

Invaded at

Four

Points

San Francisco Commission
Approves Pattern for Council
First Section of World Charter Drafted;
Security Mechaiiism Will Be Framed
By The Associated Press
SAN FRANCISCO, June 11-A United Nations conference commission
voted by acclamation today to bulwark a world league with powers to
attack economic and social ills which have helped generate war in the past.
Amid predictions that it will "carry a message of hope to scores of
millions of people," the commission adopted a pattern for an international
social and economic council--the first section of a world charter to be
drafted in final form.
Another commission assembles tomorrow to set in place in a com-
mittee's words, "the keystone of the peace structure which we are in the
process of building." That is the sec- T

* * *

* *

Canadians Return
Liberals to Office
OTTAWA, June 11-(P)-Prime
Minister MacKenzie King's Liberal
government, which was under Tory
fire for its failure to adopt total con-
scription, was returned to power to-
day in a general election which
brought solid support from the large
French-speaking, anti-conscriptionist
province of Quebec.
The Progressive Conservatives ran
a relatively weak - second and the
socialistic CCF a poor third in the
first three-way nationwide election in
the dominion since 1921.
nese oil machinery lay ready to be
taken to the wells, and secured the
town of Victoria and Labuan Airfield
on Labuan Island.
Brunei, capital town of the British
protectorate of the same name, was
the next objective, and already the
Australians had plodded within 13
miles of it in the oppressive tropical
heat.
The Australians, members of the
tough Ninth Infantry Division-the
famed "Desert Rats" of Tobruk and
El Alamein-hit the deserted beaches
Sunday at 9:15 a. m. (8:45 p. m.,
Saturday,, at four points; on the
southeastern tip of Labuan Island at
the mouth of Brunei Bay; on Muara
Island, also in the bay; at Brunei
Bluff, and at Brooketon town.
Advances were general on all
fronts, and within two hours after
the initial landings MacArthur him-
self went ashore with his air forces
commander, Gen. George C. Kenney,
and other top officers.
MacArthur's regular communique
this morning, however, made no men-
tion of the Borneo invasion, announc-
ing only continued aerial and naval
torpedo boat activity on the Borneo
coastal regions.
Covered by Australian and Ameri-
can warships and planes, the Aussies,
seasoned on the desert battlefields of
Africa, met negligible opposition as a
Japanese force, estimated at between
2,000 and 5,000 men, was dirven off.
the beaches by terrific bombardments.

CONQUERING GENERALS ARRIVE FOR WELCOME-Generals
George S. Patton, Jr. (left) and James H. Doolittle walk to their auto-
mobiles after their arrival at Los Angeles, Calif. for a welcome home to
their native California from victories in Europe.
PLANNING FOR PEACE:
Youth Group To Instruct U'
Washington DelegateToday
{,,____

Students will give instructions to
the University delegate to the Wash-
ington Youth Conference at the sec-
ond mass meeting of the all-campus
organization to be held at 4:15 p.m.
EWT (3:15 CWT) today at Lane
Hall. *
The all-campus body, in the
process of formation, will be an or-
ganization of organizations to be
made up of representatives from
recognized University, groups and
all persons, regardless of affilia-
tion, who are interested. The func-
tions of this body will be to pro-
mote world youth unity, adopt a
foreign University and send dele-
gates to youth conferences.
The Washington Youth Conference
is a preliminary session of a series
of world youth conferences planned
for the future. A discussion of plans
and platforms for the London Youth
Conference to be held in August, and
the International Youthn Conference
to be held in November in either
Prague or Paris, will be the business
of the Washington conference. The
name of the University delegate will
be announced today.
VisiLtng WAVE
Will Interview
Michigan Coeds
As part of the drive to enlist 20,000
WAVES, Thelma Lewis, Sp. (R) 2/C,
will be here tomorrow and Thursday
to interview interested coeds at the
League from 10 a. m. to 6 p. m. EWT
9 to 5 CWT).
Appointments may be made for
those who are unable to contact her
during that time.
Approximately half of the newly-
enlisted WAVES will be assigned to
the Hospital Corp, it was announced.
The other half will be assigned to
general duty in storekeeping, re-
search, photography, link training,
communication and numerous other
fields.
Women between the ages of 20 and
36, who are American citizens will at
least two years or business college
training are eligible to join the ser-
vice provided they have no children
under 18 years of age.
Boot training is eight weeks at the
U. S. Naval Training School, Bronx,
N. Y. WAVES may serve in the
United States or volunteer for over-
seas duty in Hawaii, Alaska, Bermuda,
or the Panama Canal Zone.

At the mass meeting students'
will ratify a constitution for the
all-campus organization, organize
committees for the summer and
arrange a date for the first meet-
ing of the summer term.
All persons who plan to attend the
summer session or term may serve
on one or more of the committees
which will be publicity, expansion,
correspondence, finance, public rela-
tions and arrangements.
Chinese Ram
Jap Defenses
Near Kweilin
By The Associated Press
CHUNGKING, June 11-Chinese
troops have rammed within 10 miles
of Kweilin, formerly the biggest ad-
vanced base for American air power
in the Orient, in a 15-mile burst
through Japanesendefenses, the Chi-
nese high command reported tonight.
In a hard-hitting, three-pronged
drive against the imperilled Japanese
bastion, 360 miles southeast of
Chungking, Generalissimo Chiang
Kai-Shek's veteran fighters threat-
ened to isolate thousands of Japanese
troops holding out in Liuchow, 90
miles southwest.
While the Chinese closed in on
both Kweilin and Liuchow, assault
forces in extreme South China cap-
tured two Japanese-held towns near
the Indo-China frontier and battered
20 miles over ravine-cut hills toward
Pingsiang, 100 miles northeast of
Hanoi, capital of the former French
colony.

tion of a world charter setting up the
measures a security council will take
to halt conflict in the future.
This second commission session of
the week will be asked to approve a
report from one of its committees
drafted by Joseph Paul-Boncour of
France. This report, it was learned
today, says the peace-enforcement
mechanism of the new United Na-
tions organization will be a "definite"
improvement over that of the old
League of Nations.
Report States Obligation
"Military assistance, in case of ag-
gression," the report declares, "cease
to be a 'recommendation' made to
member states; it becomes for us an
'obligation' which none can shirk.
"If these proposals are adopted, the
international organization will cease
to be unarmed in the face of violence;
a collective force the size, the degree
of preparedness, the composition, and
the general location of which will be
determined beforehand, will have
been placed at the disposal of the
council to carry out these decisions."
Veto Method Undecided
But still to┬░be-decided was- how
this security council would veto, and
whether the five great . p6wers-
France, Britain, Russia, China and
the United States-would have the
right to veto by individual ballots any
specific steps the council takes to
preserve peace.
The report which the commission
accepted said the social and eco-
nomic council may, be expected to
become the principal instrument "for
the organization of peace." -
It contemplates international col-
laboration in the fields of trade,
finance, communications, transport
and reconstruction. It envisages "in-
ternational cultural and educational
cooperation and the solution of health
problems."
But an understanding was reach-
ed that none of these purposes was
to be construed as authorizing the
United Nations league to "intervene
in the domestic affairs of member
states."
Fighters Hit
lap Targets
GUAM, June 11 - (P) - Thirty
American Mustang fighters sprayed
targets of central Japan with bullets
and rockets today, Tokyo reported,
making the fifth straight day of air
attacks on the Nippon homeland.
The unconfirmed report said the
fighters, raiding the Tachikawa and
Aisuki airfields in the Tokyo-Yoko-
hama area for an hour, were "led"
by two B-29s.
Five factories and military targets
were bombed in the same area by 250
to 300 B-29s, escorted by Mustangs
from Iwo, Sunday.

96th Infantry
Makes Gains
On Okinawa
Suirrender Demand
Unanswered by Japs
By The Associated Press
GUAM, June 12, Tuesday-Amer-
can forces on Okinawa made substan-
tial progress yesterday in the second
day of their all-out frontal assault on
the Yaeju-Dake escarpment. The
96th Infantry gained control of a
small area atop the escarpment at a
point about 600 yards south of Ynag-
usuku.
The U. S. Tenth Army commander,
Lt. Gen.Simon Bolivar Buckner, Jr.,
called upon the Japanese to surren-
der, Fleet Adm. Chester W. Nimtz
announced today.
There was no indication that the
entrapped Japanese had replied.
Gains Under Fire
Maj. Gen. James L. Bradley's 96th
fought off numerous small counter-
attacks by Nipponese entrenched in
caves as they scaled the rugged, steep
slopes of the escarpment which runs
more than three miles, almost from
coast to coast, across Okinawa's
southern tip.
It was the day's most spectacular
gain and was made against heavy,
pointblank artillery fire, mortars and
machineguns.
Bradley's men called upon flame-
throwing tanks to knock out enemy
emplacements.
Also employing tanks, the 32nd
regiment of the Seventh Infantry
Division on the southeastern coast
occupied the summit of hill 95, south-
west of Hanagusuku, after two days
of bitter fighting.
Hill Advantageous
Hill 95 will be advantageous to
Maj. Gen. Archibald V. Arnold's Sev-
enth Division doughboys in gaining
control of the eastern end of the
Yaeju-bake escarpment.
On the western end of the line,
Maj. Gen. Pedro A. Del Valle's First
Marine Division advanced about 650
yards along the coast against sur-
prisingly light resistance. The Divi-
sion's left flank moved up about 400
yards to assault hill 69, west of Ozato,
two miles inland almost directly east
of Itoman town.
Polish Dispute
May Be Settled
Hopkins Is Returning
From Moscow Visit
(See MERRY-GO-ROUND, Page 4)
LONDON, June 11 - () - Hope
mounted in diplomatic quarters here
for an early solution of the deadlock-
ed Polish dispute as Harry Hopkins,
White House troubleshooter, sped
homeward by air tonight amid unof-
ficial reports that his Moscow visit
had won a compromise from Premier
Stalin.
(A Washington dispatch said Hop-
kins, who was sent to Moscow May
23 by President Truman, "reportedly
carried, among other things, Marshal
Stalin's view on plans for a big three
meeting.")
The optimism was not shared by
members of the Polish exiled govern-

THEME-SONG?
Latest Son cHit in Germany
Predicts Berlin's Comeback

BERLIN, June 10-(Delayed)-(P)
-A honey-voiced German torch
singer in a flashy Berlin night club
has given the country its first post-
war theme song, a slightly Dixieland
ditty called "Berlin Will Rise Again."
The lyrics predict the resurrec-
tion of practically everything ex-
cept Adolf Hitler.
The song had its premier at the
swank Cafe Leon and Kabaret der
Komiker on a street far from the
heart of bomb-levelled Berlin, and
was received with almost bobby-sox-
er enthusiasm. Members of the au-
dience sat starry-eyed during the
performance. Some cried. They all
cheered wildly when the singer, her
piano and drum accompanists, and
her three-fourths undressed but oth-
erwise artless chorus, had finished.

denburg Gates, . Kaiser Wilhelm
statue - and just about everything
except Der Fuehrer.
We went to the night spot at the
suggestion of a Russian officer who
was conducting correspondents
through the shattered remains of
Berlin. A doorman dressed in a long
orange coat was turning customers
away - although it was only 5 p.m.
and still broad daylight - but he
called the manager, a Herr Lippman,
who said "Oh, dear," but got seats
for us near the front.
The cabaret consisted of a thea-
ter-like auditorium, a bar and
tables. When we entered a male
crooner was going through his act,
but nobody paid any attention to
him. They watched us.
Other acts included a young Ger-

STEP TOWARD SETTLEMENT:
British Suggest Withdrawal
Of Foreign Forces from Syria

BEYROUTH, June 11-(IP)-The
British proposed today that French
and British forces be withdrawn from
Syria and Lebanon simultaneously as
a step toward a speedy settlement of
the Levant states crisis.
Sir Edward Grigg, British resident
minister in the middle east, who sug-
gested the troop withdrawal at a
press conference, also made a new
bid for American participation in set-

June 1. New official estimates of the
casualties were 600 civilians and gen-
darmes killed, and 1,500 civilians
wounded. The Syrian parliament
building was damaged before Brit-
ish troops intervened.
Sir Edward denied charges by
Gen. Oliva Roget, French com-
mander in Damascus at the time
of the fighting, that British agents
had stirred un trouble. or that

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