PAG vv WO
THE -Vi HiGAN DAIlYf
-ATU I,iJUNE 9, 1945
------- . .....
&4rF Mtd4jgrn ail
F f ty=Fifth Year
Whitney's Name Cleared
Edited and managed by students of the University of
Michigan under the authority of the Board in Oontrol
of Student Pubieatons.
Ray Dixon . .
a a . Managing Aditor
a . ,s . qity Editor
a a Associate Editor
" o, . . Sports Editor
. Associate Women's Editor
* .. Business Manager
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Member, Associated Collegiate Press, 194445
NIGHT EDITOR PAUL SISLIN
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
Unted Youth Group
T'HE FIRST all-campus organizational meeting
got -off to a good start. -Steps were taken
to gain recognition by the University admini-
stration. A structural outline was made for
the organization, around which will be built up a
united youth group.
Plans were discussed for carrying out the
purposes of the organization-adoption of a
foreign University, establishment of contact with
other youth groups throughout the world and
the sending of delegates to future youth confer-
The enthusiasm shown by 175 persons is
some compensation for the absence of some
6,925. In an institution which boasts anenroll-
ment of approximately 7,000, it would seem that
a greater proportion of students would have
shown up at the meeting.
It is understood that this is the busiest time
of the year, that students are most concerned
now with final examinations.. Yet, it is hard
to believe that every minute of the day is oc-
cupied with study. It would seem that at
least an hour of time could be spared for
something which requires the support of
Understanding between members of the
younger generation from all parts of the world
is the fist step toward understanding between
all peoples of all nations.
This organization has a meaning for every
one of us. It is our chance to voice an opinion in
world affairs, because only through unity can
youth gain .influence.
The second all campus meeting has been
arranged for 4:15 p. m. EWT (3:15 p. m. CWT)
Tuesday at Lane Hall. The rest is up to us.
-'HE VETO deadlock at the San Francisco
Conference was finally broken Thursday
when the Big Five came to terms on a compro-
Under the settlement, any one of the major
powers will be entitled to a full veto over
decisions calling for military enforcement;
this is the provision Russia has been demand-
On the other hand, no nation can alone pre-
vent a dispute from being brought before the
Security Council for discussion; this is a con-
cession to France, China, Britain and the United
Results of the compromise are difficult to
foresee; we cannot tell who has made the better
bargain. The arrangement is realistic in that
promises given beforehand would be a feeble
guarantee for military action, and freedom to
take disputes before an international council
has been assumed.
But the real significance of this action is
apparent, and it is encouraging. An agree-
,ment has in any case been reached; with the
stalemate resolved, the way is left clear for a
cooperation far more necessary than any single
question. -Mary Brush
IASSAGE of the Bretton Woods agreements
setting up a world bank and monetary sta-
bilization fund in the House by a decisive 345
to 18 vote indicates that our representatives in
Washington are cognizant of the fact that we
r"nn hnita n c rra cf7il intarnntiann] nr}3iting1
By DREW PEARSON
WASHINGTON-Some time ago, this column
told how the Nazis had sent out a propa-
gand broadcast to the European war theatre
:laiming that Colonel John Hay "Jock" Whitney,
husband of the ex-Mrs. Jimmy Roosevelt and
a close friend of Harry Hopkins, had been crit-
ical of President Roosevelt while in a German
The Nazi radio, as described in the column,
told how Jock Whitney first refused to talk,
later was placed with a German posing as a
British officer, at which time he loosened up
and, according to the, Nazis, was critical of the
president. The Nazis. used this to try to show
how politics permeate the U.S. Army.
Colonel Whitney later managed to escape
from the German prison camp, when the box-
car in which he was riding was bombed and
wrecked. He has since written this columnist
a letter denying that he ever criticized the
president, and has also set forth the interest-
ing circumstances surrounding his capture.
In fairness to Colonel Whitney, whom this
columnist holds in the highest esteem, the per-
tinent portions of his very interesting letter are
published below, together with a transcript of
the Nazi broadcast.
Whitney Kept IName Secret . . .
COLONEL Whitney writes:
"I have your reference of March 4th to the
effect that I fed anti-Roosevelt propaganda to
the Nazi machine while I was their prisoner.
You got the wrong dope from somewhere and
I'll tell you why
". Since my cne chance of escape depended
on the enemy's not knowing that I was of any
-value to them, I remained anonymous even to
my fellow prisoners. I was very careful not
to talk familiarly about my "name" in order
to avoid the slightest association with import-
"2. 'Even if I had shot my mouth off to
them, my conversation could not have been
recorded since we were never in a prepared
camp, but always on the move, and mostly
"3. The only British-uniformed soldier I
-saw was well-known to me.
"4. I escaped without the Germans having
a clue as to my identity.
"5. If I had talked about the president,
which I didn't, it would have been only in
terms of the highest admiration for himself
and his leadership.
Nazi road cat oted ..+
THE NAZI broadcast, illustrating the extent
to which the enemy went to try to confuse
American troops, follows:
"Broadcast by D.N.B. in German language, by
wireless, to Europe on November 3, 1944, at 6:34
EWT, quoting I.I.B. (International Information
Bureau) under Berlin dateline.
"Berlin-Statements made by Colonel John
Hay Whitney, American banker, after he was
taken prisoner throw an interesting light on the
American conduct of the war in FranceI.ILB.
has received the following extract from a report
on the questioning of this American, Whitney,
a prisoner-of-war, which took place on August
"Situation in Northern France-The Colonel
who throughout the questioning was very
reticent, became later very talkative and jolly
in the company of other captured officers. He
played poker with them and talked, among
other things, about military and political ques-
tions. The discussion then turned to the sit-
uation in northern France. This was the most
remarkable of his utterances:
"'On August 20, the U.S. First Army, con-
centrated at Vernon as focal point was supposed
to ford a crossing over the Seine. In views of
the disorderly condition in the German rear, it
was expected that a quick thrust would be pos-
sible, and at least nine German divisions would
be cut off. According to American calculations,
resistance of the German northern flank would
then completely collapse, and the way would be
open through Belgium into Holland.'
"Changed orders-Colonel Whitney empha-.
sized that this plan was cancelled at the last
minute on orders from the highest authority
(meaning President Roosevelt), and the focal
point was shifted to the right flank so as to en-
By Ray Dixon_
BRETTON WOODS agreements have been
OK'd by the House of .Reps, but they are
going to have a tough time in the Senate, you
can Bank on that.
* '* * *
The Stabilization Fund is scheduled to have
8,500,000,000 bucks in it. Some fund, beh
* * * *
Figures involved in these proposals sound
awfully high, but the price is cheap if monetary
stability among nations can be achieved.
* * *
Note to clothes cleaning establishments:
Truman holds a press conference and supports
Justice Robert Jackson's proposals to take
Nazi war criminals to tire cleaners. That
should clothes the deal,
circle Paris from the south. In his opinion, this
was a complete mistake because a delay of at
least ten days was unavoidable.
"Political reasons-he has the impression,
which was shared by many high American offi-
cers, that, quite intentionally and for political
reasons, offensive operations were stopped. In
the course of a later discussion, Whitney men-
tioned the name of General Patton who, if he
likes to admit it, knows very well why the thrust
at Vernon was not carried out."
ILincoln-Roosevelt Brtl~ddyra. ..
SHE QUESTION of making February 12, Lin-
coln's birthday, a national holiday has now
been put up to the Senate by North Dakota's
Senator Langer in a manner difficult to dodge.
Hitherto, Southern legislators have opposed any
national holiday for the Civil War president, but'
when Senator Downey of California introduced
a bill to make January 30, Roosevelt birthday,
a national holiday, Langer immediately intro-
duced the Lincoln birthday bill and insisted that
the judiciary committee could not report one
cut without the other. Both bills will probably
die in committee.
(Copyright, 1945, Bell Syndicate)
'D RA AT HE? BE RiGHT:.
By SAMUEL GRAFTON
HAVE AN IDEA that one reason why the
American public has found San Francisco
disappointing is that it has lost an illusion dur-
ing this conference. That always hurts. The
illusion was that a world organization could of
itself make peace secure. We cherished this
happy idea; it was one reason why we made
such a jamboree of San Francisco. We actually
hoped, not two months ago, that foreign policy
as we have known it had come to an end in our
day; that we had discovered a wonderful new
apparatus which made foreign policy, in the old
sense, unnecessary; from now on we would do it.
by machine, the way we toast our bread.
A certain American primitivism went into
this hope, in many respects a splendid quality,
youthful, naive, optimistic, and decent. What
hurts us about San Francisco is not the kind
of charter it is producing; the charter, as thus
far contrived, is a good charter. I don't be-
lieve our disappointment is based on the
nature of the charter at all. It is based on
the shocking discovery that in spite of the
charter, or any conceivable charter, we shall
still have thousands of problems to solve in
our relations with the world; that we shall
have to solve them by hand, so to speak,' one
by one; that we can't throw them into a world
security hopper and have the right answer
come automatically out.
WHAT HURTS is the feeling that the kind of
problem we face today, vis-a-vis Russia and
Britain and France, shall have to be faced by
us, on a more or less daily basis, for the next
fifty or a hundred years, or forever. We have
discovered the world at San Francisco, and it
Our feeling that we could clear up all foreign
problems by having a single meeting of the na-
tions is only the other side of our feeling of a
few years ago that we could clean up all for-
eign problems by not having anything to do
with the other nations; both approaches are
sweeping, grandiose, summary and primitive.
The two approaches are not so unlike as one
might imagine; both are based on a profound
conviction that the rest of the world is not
really real, not really equipped with life of its
own, with desires, anguish, hurt, and pride.
The pain we feel at San Francisco is the pain
of growing up to become an adult member of
this tangled world community; it is the pain
of breaking through another one of the con-
centric shells of unreality which have divided
us from the world.
We shall have to quarrel, and live, become fond
'and be hurt, and neither General Electric nor
Stettinius has any apparatus for avoiding the
complex relations which lie ahead. That does
not mean that the world organization is .not of
the most enormous importance in helping us to
make this a more peaceful and easier world; but
it is we who shall have to make it so, through
the world organization; the world organization
will not do it for us.
IT SEEMS to me that we Americans have a
duty to analyze whatever remains in our
thinking of that primitivism which once took
the form of isolation: The world crowds in on
us; and we try to fight it back with oversimpli-
fied formulas; it presents itself in all its rich
variety of half-tones, and we answer with the
thinnest of line drawings. It is America against
Russia, we say; conservatism against radical-
ism; we ignore the possibility that most of the
British Empire may soon be under Labor gov-
ernments, as a good part of it now is, that
the tide now sweeping through the affairs of
man is taking forms more complex than can be
handled by cartoon.
No pat word can guide us now. The easy
formula which falls from the ready lip has
the juvenile quality of all sweeping comments
on life. Part of the shock of San Francisco
is that there the curtains parted, and let
us glimpse the truth that there is nothing
we can do with the world except live in it.
(Copyright, T945, N. Y. Post Syndicate)
Publication in the Daily Official Bul-
letin is constructive notice to all mem-
bers of the University. Notices for the
Bulletin should be sent in typewritten
form to the Assistant to the President,
1021 Angel Hall, by 2:30 p. m. of the day
preceding puhlleation (1030 a. in. Sat-
CENTRAL WAR TIME USED IN
THE DAIiY OFFICIAL
SATI'URhAY, JUNE 9, 1945
VOL. LV, No. 16
President and Mrs. Ruthven will be
at home to alumni, members of the
graduating classes rind their friends,
on Friday afternoon, June 22, from
3:00 to 5:00 CWT.
Attention February Graduates: Col-
lege of Literature, Science, and the
Arts, School of Education, School of
Music, School of Public Health:
Students are advised not to request
grades of I or X in June. When
such grades are absolutely imperative,
the work must be made up in time to
allow your instructor to report the
make up grade not later than 4:00
p. i., June 27th. Grades received
after that time may defer the stu-
dent's graduation until a later date
Recommendations for Depart-
mental Honors: Teaching depart-
ments wishing to recommend tenta-
tive June graduates from the College
of Literature, Science and the Arts
and the School of Education for de-
partmental honors should send such
names to the Registrar's Office, Room
4, University Hall, by noon of June
The Summer Session of the Grad-
uate Curriculum in Social Work,
which is given at the Rackham Mem-
orial Building in Detroit, will open
for registration Friday and Satur-
day, June 15 and 16, classes begin-
ning Monday, June 18. The session
will close Friday, Aug. 10. This is a
change from original dates set.
Admission: School of Business Ad-
ministration: Applications for ad-
mission to the School of Business
Administration for the Summ er
Term or Summer Session should be
filed at 108 Tappan Hall prior to
June 15. Fall Term enrollees should
also apply now if they are not to be
in residence during the summer.
Identification Cards which were
issued for, the Summer, Fall and
Spring of 1944-45 will be revalidated
for the Summer Term 1945 and must
be turned in at th time of registra-
tion. The 1944-45 cards will be used
for an additional term because of
the shortage of film and paper.
To Members of the University Sen-
ate: There will be a meeting of the
University Senate on Monday, June
11, at 3:15 p. m. CWT (4:15 EWT)
in the Rackham Amphitheater. The
Recommendations of the Senate
Advisory Committee on University
Report on Provisions for Veterans
by Clark Tibbitts.
Report on International Relations'
by L. A. Hopkins.
Student Accounts: Your attention
Power of Press
EVIDENCE of the effectiveness of
the press as an agency for forc-
ing concrete reform is to be found in
an admission by Dr. John H. Baird,
assistant medical director of the Vet-
erans' Administration, that publish-
ed attacks on veterans hospital ad-
ministration by Albert Deutsch, New
York newspaper PM reporter and
Albert Maisel of Hearst's Cosmo-
politan were instrumental in bring-
ing about change.
Questioned before the House
Veterans Committee as to whether
the attacks caused the Veterans
Administration to "do a little ser-
ious thinking," Baird replied, "Yes.
When we're attacked we look
around and try to improve things."
The articles which provoked the,
comment were written in sensational
style and received prominent "play"
in the two publications. Baird said
he thought they were one-sided.
These, of course, are the objections
offered by any agency on the defen-
sive before a crusading press.
It is well to consider that ineffi-
ciency in veterans hospitals would
undoubtedly have continued indefi-
nitely had the articles been re-
strained by advertisers or other
control from above. Public service
administrations which restrain
press investigation and publication
of their activities tacitly admit they
have something to cover up. Such
policy is hardly in the best inter-
ests of the public.
ANY BONIs TODAYri y
Illustrated by Erie Erieson
e"That horse ought to put hisa bueks in War hoards."
is called to the following rules passed
by the Regents at their meeting of
February 28, 1936:
"Students shall pay all accounts due
the University not later than the
last day of classes of each semester or
summer session. Student loans which
are not paid or renewed are subject
to this regulation; however, student
loans not yet due are exempt. Any
unpaid accounts at the close of busi-
ness on the last day of classes will
be reported to the Cashier of the
"(a) All academic credits will be
withheld, the grades for the semes-
ter or summer session just completed
will not be released, and no tran-
script of credits will be issued.
"(b) All students owing such ac-
counts will not be allowed to regis-
ter in any subsequent semester or
summer session until payment has
"Library Science: Students who
expect to begin work in Library Sci-
ence in the summer session or the fall
term are urged to apply now, Room
311, General Library."
'German Departmental library
books are due in the departmental
office, 204 University Hall today.
Life Saving - Women Students:
Students who completed the life
saving class which was offered the
first semester by the Women's De-
partment of Physical Education
should call for their emblems and
certificates at Office 15, Barbour
Gymnasium as soon as possible.
Student Recital: Richard Sokatch,
a student of piano under Professor
Joseph Brinkman, will be heard at
7:30 p. m. (CWT) Sunday, June 10.
in Lydia Mendelssohn Theatre, in a
recital given in partial fulfillment of
the requirements for the degree of
Bachelor of Music.His program will
include compositions for piano by
Bach, Tansman, and Beethoven, and
will be open to the general public.
Student Recital: Mary Louise Nig-
ro, flutist, will present a recital in
partial fulfillment oftherrequirements
for the degree of Master of Music in
Music Education, at 7:30 p. m. CWT,
Monday, June 11, in Lydia Mendel-
ssohn Theatre. She is a pupil of
Otto Krueger, and will be assisted
by Audrey Unger and Jean Morgan,
violinists, Bernard Mason, violist,
Mary Oyer, cellist, and Lynda Peltz,
The program is open to the general
The Annual Senior Engineering
outing will be held today at 2:00 at
the Island. All senior engineers and
faculty are urged to attend.
Alpha Kappa Delta will hold its
spring picnic at 4:00 p. m. in the
Arboretum at the foot of the hill
behind Prof. Wood's house. Bring
nothing. A picnic dinner and a base-
ball game will be waiting for you. In
case of rain phone the sociology office
in Haven Hall before noon for infor-
Land of Liberty will be shown in
the Rackham Amphitheatre this
evening at 6:30 under the auspices of
the Post-War Council, Inter Racial
Association, Michigan Youth for
Democratic Action, and the Uniyer-
sity of Michigan Bureau of Visual
Education. No admission will be
charged and all those interested are
invited to attend.
The Lutheran Student Association
will hold its annual Senior Ban-
quet Sunday at 4:30 p. m. CWT in
Zion Lutheran Parish Hall. Installa-;
tion of officers will follow dinner and
student-written play entitled Girls
Best Friend will be given a laboratory
production in the auditorium of the
Elementary High School, at 7:00 p.m.
(CWT), Monday, June 11. Open to
The Navy Olympics: The Depart-
ment of Physical Education and Ath-
letics cordially invites students, fac-
ulty members, and the general pub-
lic to attend "The Navy Olympics,"
athletic competitions between the
battalions of the Navy V-12 and the
N.R.O.T.C., which will take place un-
der the Department's auspices from
6:00 to 8:30 p. m. (CWT), Wednes-
day, June 13, on Ferry Field.
First Church of Christ, Scientist:
109 S. Division St. Wednesday eve-
ning service at 8 p. m. Sunday morn-
ing service at 10:30 a. m. Subject
"God the Only Cause and Creator."
Sunday school at 11:45 a. m. A spe-
cial reading room is maintained by
this church at 706 Wolverine Bldg.,
Washington at Fourth, where the
Bible, also the Christian Science
Textbook, "Science and Health with
Key to the Scriptures" and other
writings by Mary Baker Eddy may be
read, borrowed or purchased. Open
daily except Sundays and holidays
from 11:30 a. m. to 5 p. m.
First Baptist Church, Rev. C. H.
Loucks Minister and Student Coun-
selor. Roger Williams Guild House,
502 E. Huron.
Saturday, June 9, 6:10: choir re-
hearsal in the church. 1:30 Roger
Williams Guild members will go
canoeing. Members will meet at the
Guild House. Those who do not canoe,
will enjoy a bonfire on shore.
Sunday, June 10: 9:30, morning
worship, children's day program with
service of dedication of children. 4:00
Roger William's Guild meeting. Panel
discussion on Inter Guild activities
and student leadership.
5:00: cost supper at the Guild
First Presbyterian Church: 1432
Washtenaw. 9:45 a. m. morning wor-
ship service. Sermon by Dr. Lemon,
on "Facing Life." 4:00 -p. m. The
Westminster Guild invites you to hear
Mr. Franklin H. Littell speak on
"Student Religion." You would also
be welcome to stay for supper at 6
First Congregational Church:
State and William Sts. 9:45 a. m.
CWT: public worship. Dr. Parr's
sermon will be on the subject "The
Architect of Laputa." 3:30 p. m.
Congregational - Disciples Student
Guild will meet at the Guild House
and continue to Riverside Park for
a supper picnic. Closing Vesper Ser-
vice will be led by Bernice Grimes.
First Unitarian Church. State and
Huron Streets. Edward H. Redman,
Minister. Miss Janet Wilson, Organ-
ist. Mrs. Claude Winder, Church
School Superintendent. 9:00 CWT
Unitarian-Friends' church school.
9:00 CWT Adult Study Group. Dean
James B. Edmonson, Speaker. "Ed-
ucation in the Post-War Period."
10:00 CWT Service of Worship. Ser-
mon by Rev. Edward H. Redman on
"Enjoying Life." 6:30 CWT Unitarian
Student Group. Mr. Eiji Tanabe on
"Just Hopes of the Nisei"
Unity: Sunday Service will be held
in the Michigan League Chapel at
10 o'clock. Nina Albright Noble, Pres-
ident of the Detroit Theosophical
Society will be the guest speaker.
The Student Discussion Group will
meet at the Unity Reading Rooms,
310 S. State St., Sunday at 6 p. m.
University Lutheran Chapel, 1511
Washtenaw, will have its regular
Sunday service at 10:00. The Rev.
A. Scheips will preach on the sub-
ject, "The Hope Set Before Us."
By Crockett Johnson
gingerbread was the only situfhe.
As you know, Mrs. Schwartz, that's a veryl'tf
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if the Witch doesn't know r 7