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June 01, 1945 - Image 4

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The Michigan Daily, 1945-06-01

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Fifty-Fifth Year

Occupation Poses Problem


T ,

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Edited and managed by students of the University of
Michigan under the authority of the Board in Control
of Student Publications.

Evelyn Phillips
Margaret Farmer
Bay Dixon .
Paul Sislin
Hank Mantho
Dave Loewenberg
Mavis Kennedy
Arin Schutz
Dick Strickland
Martha Schmitt
Kay McFee

Editorial Staff
. . . . Managing Editor
. . . . Editorial Director
. . . . *. City Editor
Associate Editor
*. Sports Editor
Associate Sports Editor
* . .. Women's Editor
. . Associate Women's Editor
Business Stafff
. . Business Manager
. Associate Business Mgr.
. . -. Associate Businesu Mgr.

Telephone 23.24.1
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otherwise credited in this newspaper. All rights of re-
publication of all other matters herein also reserved.
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National Advertising Service, Inc.
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420 MADIsoN AvE. O NEW YbRK. N. Y.
Member, Associated Collegiate Press, 1944-45
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
B11l of R1ghts
SECRETARY OF STATE Stettinius recently
proposed that the world security govern-
ment have a bill of rights based-upon the Four
Freedoms. Americans, always thanking their
lucky stars for their constitution and its Bill of
Rights, have backed Stettinius almost to the
Unfortunately, they.do not realize the con-
ditions - necessary for a bill of rights to be
successful. The circumstances that prevail
in this country allow the Bill of Rights to be
the success that it has been, and these condi-
tions are exactly opposite to those that would
exist under the World Government.
The World Government, whatever its official
name might be, is based upon the equal sover-
eignity of its member nations. In the United
States, the states do not retain absolute sov-
Thus, the federal government has been able
to enforce the Bill of Rights for over a cen-
tury and a half. But the World Government,
being a loose confederation, could not possibly
enforce the proposed bill.
Rather than have the proposed bill become
an ineffective clause in the constitution of the
World Government, let it not be made "law"
until the World. Government has the power
to enforce it. And it will not have the power
to do so until it, too, has become a federation
like the United States.
-Phil Elkus

WASHINGTON-It has now been a little over
one month since the American Ninth Army
paused on the outskirts of Berlin to let the Red
army hammer its way into Hitler's capital.
Since then, no Allied mission has gone into
Berlin, despite the Yalta agreement providing
for a token force of American troops in Berlin
and the governing of Germany by an Allied
mission of British, American, Russian and, later,
French generals.
Failure to set up this Allied mission inside
Berlin generally has been blamed on the Rus-
sians. However, this column is now able to
throw important light on all the facts.
Though Stalin did object to American troops
entering Berlin ahead of the Red army (Rus-
sian capture of Berlin was agreed on at Yalta),
actually U. S. officials have been largely re-
sponsible for the delay in sending a subse-
quent token force into Berlin and setting up
Allied headquarters to govern Germany.
If you ask the War Department about this,
you will get evasive, sawdust-in-the-eye answers.
But actually three reasons have developed for
U. S. hesitation over entering Berlin. They are:
If an Allied commission is set up iii Berlin,
it would be necessary to abolish SHAEF (Su-
preme Headquarters, Allied Expeditionary
Force) and General Eisenhower would step
down from being commander over the French
and British. Instead, the French and British
would be equal in command with Eisenhower
in any four-cornered Allied commission in Ber-
lin. So would the Russians.
With all four nations working in Berlin, it is
feared that cooperation with the Russians might
be more difficult. At present, Russia governs
its part of eastern Germany, while the Western
Allies govern their part of western Germany.
There is a strict line running between them and
no inter-communication to speak of. This is
not the plan originally arranged at Yalta. How-
ever, there has been so much friction during
the closing days of the war, that U. S. com-
manders figure they may be better off remaining
where they are instead of going into Berlin.
British Assistance Needed .. .
THE BRITISH don't want to change the pres-
ent setup wherein they are a part of SHAEF
under General Eisenhower. As SHAEF now
operates, the British are able to get a good part
e of their supplies from the United States to
handle their part of occupied Germany. If
SHAEF is disbanded, this suply arrangement
Under the combined shipping board, most
of the supplies for the British and American
armies are even hauled in American ships.
And if this stops, the British have the hard-
est part of Germany on their hands to feed.
For the British-occupied Ruhr and the indu-
strial west are heavily populated with little
farmland, formerly imprting food from east-
ern Germany and Prussia. But with these
eastern areas Russian-occupied, the British
know they can't get any food from them.
So the British don't want SHAEF and the
present U. S. supply arrangement disbanded.
Finally, some U. S. officials fear that coopera-
tion with the French might become difficult if
SHAEF were abolished. At present the French
have to take orders from Eisenhower. But once
an Allied commission was set up in Berlin,
the French would be equal partners, and their
ideas on the future governing of Germany might
be just as independent as the Russians.
Obviously the present make-shift situation
cannot continue indefinitely. And there is a
By Rlay Dixn
WE UNDERSTAND that tonight's dance was
named way back when the first married
couple was about to graduate from the Univer-
sity. It seems the wife got lost on the dance
floor and people kept asking her husband,
"Have you seen your ball and chain?"
The Memorial Day ceremonies held Wednes-
day were a combination of nurses aide, parade

and no aid o'clocks.
Sigma Rho Tau has lost its jug, but we doubt
if the fraternity will be left speechless.
Chiang Kai-Shek's brother-in-law, T. V.
Soong, has just been made Premier of China and
his brother-in-law, Vice-Premier H. H. Kung has
also been replaced. Oriental politics is evidently
one big family.

lot of debate inside the government on both
sides, some say we had better go ahead and
try out international cooperation over Ger-
many right away and do our best. Others say
we had best avoid headaches by keeping out
of Berlin and sitting tight. The final answer
probably will be made by President Truman
Capital Chaff.
JIM FARLEY, now a soft-drink mogul, was
walking down a San Francisco street the
other day when lie suddenly excused himself
from a companion, tapped a postman on the
shoulder and said: "Hello there, I'm Jim Farley.
I used to be in your business myself." . -
After chatting with the ogle-eyed postman for
a moment, Farley returned to his companion,
explaining: "I never pass a postman without
greeting him. I also .try to stop off and visit
the postmaster in every town I go into."
(Copyright, 1945, by the Beu Syndicate, Tne,
Fear of Russia
ONE OF OUR prominent conservative col-
umnists hauls off with an attack on the
Labor party of Great Britain. He says the
British Labor party is too friendly toward Russia,
and if it wins at the general election in July,
collectivism will sweep Europe. For that reason
he seems to desire the Conservative party to win.
Ah, well, and alack-a-day. This shows what
happens when hope of an accord among the
three powers fades. One starts by being afraid
of Russia; but soon that is not enough, one has
to go on and be afraid of the British Labor
party, too.
And so we find an American commentator
muscling into a British election (in a manner
which would have evoked howls of rage here
had a British commentator tried it during
our own campaign of last fall) and warning
us to be suspicious of a large section of the
British people,lHe starts out by being afraid
of the Kremlin, and he ends up by being
afraid of the Clydeside. And when the policy
of being afraid of Russia leads one to fear
Englishmen, one begins to understand that the
policy of fear may have its drawbacks, and
may lead us into unintended directions.
THE SAME commentator goes on to remark
that if the British Labor party wins the
July election, that will encourage radicals in
America. Alack-a-day, indeed; he now seems
to be afraid of Americans, too. His fears spread
out like a brush fire in the wind.
And that is the trouble with all neat little
pictures of the future which show us Britain
and America standing together, shoulder to
shoulder, holding back the Russian tide; west
and east staring each ohe r down for a hund-
red years, across a. line on the map. The con-
ception is negative, and since it is negative, it
is a program for disorder, rather than a pro-
gram for order.
The approach is superficially plausible, espe-
cially in view of recent Russian stubbornness.
But it is a design for living which will make us
do extremely odd things. It will make us fear
such men as Mr. Attlee of the British Labor
party, and it will make us fond of such men as
Prince* Umberto of Italy. It will make us
suspicious of such genuinely democratic nations
as Czechoslovakia, and it will make us value the
friendship of such fascist nations as Spain. It
will force us into opposition against first-rate
labor leaders in Britain and America, and it
will lead us into friendship with second-rate
barons in Germany.
T WILL, in the end, make us afraid of our-
selves, and fond of some of our worst natural
enemies on the continent. It will not set the
west against Russia, but the west against the
west. There is a preview of that in the current
declaration of holy war against the British Labor
party by an American columnist who calmly
takes on half of Great Britain in the placid
belief that he is opposing the Soviet Union.
These western splits, these schismatic fren-
zies within the democracies, would make us
lose by default that place in the world which

we fear to lose in competition. That is why
there must be another try at setting up a
stable relation with Russia. The doleful op-
posite approach means not only that we would
spend the next hundred years staring east-
ward in fear; it means that we would be
afraid of what was behind us and beside us,
too; we would walk through time, wrapped in
fear, like a fog; boasting about our stability,
but leaving the lights to burn all night.
(Copyright, 1945, N. Y. Post Syndicate)

SngContest . .
F INCE the Lantern Night song con-
test is sufficiently important for
thirty women's residence houses to
give their time, effort and energy to
compete, we believe it is sufficiently
important for the contest to be fairly
The general grade of singing in the
contest has been good. The partici-
pants have been not merely groups
of women singing under ill direction,
but rather small glee clubs, each of
which has worked for outstanding
self-representation. In view of this,
the judges have had a difficult deci-
sion to make. The WAA (who spon-
sors the Lantern Night contest) how-
ever, has mace no definite effort to
systematize the method of judging.
The judges, to make their decision,
have been given sheets with only the
name of each participating group
and the song selected by each group.
There is room between each name for
perhaps one line of comment. There-
fore the judges have no accurate
way of comparing the groups and the
contestants do not know on what
points they are being judged-inton-
ation, blending, deportment, cos-
tume, interpretation, or appropriate-
ness of selection.
We suggest, therefore, to give the
participants adequate knowledge
of the points on which they will
be judged, and to give the judges
a quick, methodical way of decid-
ing the winners, that a chart be
made with a maximum number for
each point considered. By so doing,
instead of deciding in the present
haphazard way after the entire
program which groups were best,
the judges would be able to com-
pare the mathematical scores of
the groups.
We suggest further that instead of
the voice faculty, the judges be chor-
al directors such as the director of
the Girl's Glee Club, the director of
the University Choir, the director of
1 the Men's Glee Club, and the director
of the Choral Union. whoever they
may be.
If these improvements are made,
we sincerely believe that next year's
turn-out will be an enthusiastic
-Elsa Goodman
Perry's look
R. FRANKENA'S review, pub-
lished recently in The Daily, of
Ralph Barton Perry's excellent book,
"Puritanism and Democracy", brings
I to mind, in addition to the obvious
good qualities of the work, a notable
In his analysis Professor Perry
helps to perpetuate a false separa-
tion of sacred and secular forces in
American life, when in point of
histcrical development over more
than three centuries in this hemis-
phere and at least two more cen-
turies previous to that on the con-
tirent of Erope, these twocin-
fluences of puritanism and Democ-
racy have been rival, yet not whol-
ly unrelated religious systems.
Various names have been applied
to the continuing religious tradition
in the democratic system, just as
Puritanism has had various connec-
tions. But if the point is missed, as
Professor Perry has missed it, that
democracy is more than political
then an important element in the
extension of democracy will have
been lost. The names of the demo-
cratic religious tradition have been
dramatized in a thrilling little book
entitled "Men of Liberty" written by
Stephen H. Fritchman, editor of "The
Christian Register". They are such
as these: Faustus Socinus, Michael

Servetus, Theophilus Lindsey, Joseph
Priestley, Thomas Jefferson, William
Ellery Channing, and Theodore Par-
ker. Some of these have been cited
by Professor Perry for their contri-
butien to political democracy, but in
their own right they would have pre-
ferred recognition of their notable
liberal religious faith.
The historical symbols in Ameri-
can colonial history of the two and
rival religious traditions are those of
the Massachusetts Bay Colony on
the one hand and the Plymouth
Plantation on the other.
-Edward H. Redman

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Illustrated by Ed Reed



tl hoeked the other one and bought a War Bond!"

AK El-

Publication in the Daily Official Bul-t
etin is constructive notice to all mem-t
bers of the University. Notices for the
1 Bulletin should be sent in typewritten
form to the Assistant to the President,E
1021 Angell Hall, by 2:30 p. m. of the day
preceding publication (10:30 a. m. Sat-
VOL. LV, No. 161
Faculty Tea: President and Mrs.I
Ruthven will be at home to memberst
of the faculty and other townspeople,
Sunday, June 3, from 3 to 5 o'clock.Y
Cars may park in the restricted zonei
on South University between 3 and
5:30 p.m. (CWT).1
To the Members of the Faculty,
College of Literature, Science, and
the Arts: The June meeting of thet
Faculty of the College of Literature,l
Science, and the Arts for the aca-
demic year 1944- will be held Mon-
day, June 4, 1945, at 3:10 p.m. in1
Rm. 1025 Angell Hall.
The reports of the various com-
mittees have been prepared in ad-
vance and are included with this
call to the meeting. They should be.
retained in your files as part of the1
minutes of the June meeting.
Hayward Keniston
1. Consideration of the minutes of
the meeting of May 7, 1945, (pp. 1168
to 1174) which were distributed by
campus mail.,
2. Consideration of reports sub-
mitted with the call fo this meeting.
a. Executive Committee-Professor J.
W. Eaton. b. University Council-
Professor P. S. Welch. No report.
c. Executive Board of the Graduate
School-Professor Z. C. Dickinson.
d. Senate Advisory Committee on
University Affairs-Professor H. M.
Dorr. e. Deans' Conference-Dean
Hayward Keniston.
3. New Business.
4. Announcements.
Notice to Men Students and House-
holders of Approved Houses for Men:
The closing date for the Spring Term
will be June 23 and rent shall be
computed to include this date.
Householders may charge for a room
between June 23 and 28 providing
the student keeps his possessions in
the room or occupies it himself. As
per the terms of the contracts, stu-
dents are expected to pay the full
amount of the contract three weeks
before the end of the term.
Registration for the Summer Term
begins June 28 and classes begin
July 2.
If either the householder or stu-
dent wishes to terminate their pres-
ent agreement, notice must be given
to the office of the Dean of Students
on or before June 2, at noon. Stu-
dents may secure forms for this pur-
pose in Rm. 2,.University Hall.
C. T. Olmsted
Assistant Dean of Students
The Summer Session of the Grad-
uate Curriculum in Social Work,
which is given at the Rackham Mem-
orial Building in Detroit, will open
for registration Friday and Satur-
day, June 15 and 16, classes begin-
ning Monday, June 18. The session
will close Friday, Aug. 10. This is a
change from original dates set.
All engineering students planning
to take the State Board Engineering
Examination this semester must file
an application form with Asst. Dean
Olmstead before Thursday, June 7,
194S This annication form mab h

Women. Special permission to live
outside the regular dormitories,
league houses, cooperatives and sor-
orities will not be given except in
extraordinary circumstances which
should be reported immediately to
the Office of the Dean of Women.
State of Connecticut Civil Service
announcement for Senior Case
Worker, Salary $1,920 to $2,340 per
annum, has been received in our
office. For further information stop
in at 201 Mason Hall, Bureau of
California State Civil Service an-
nouncements for Assistant Forestry
Engineer, $240 a month, and Assis-
tant Fruit and Vegetable Marketing
Specialist, $215 a month, have been
received in our office. For further
information and details, stop in at
201 Mason Hall, Bureau of Appoint-
ments. ,
The United States Civil Service
Commission: is in immediate need
of Agricultural Economists, and Mar-
keting Specialists, Salary $3,200 to
$6,500. Further information can be
obtainedat the Bureau of Appoint-
ments, 201 Mason Hall.
Academic Notices
Speech Concentrates: Appoint-
ments with the concentration adviser
may be made at the departmental
office, 3211 Angell Hall, or telephone
4121, Ext. 526.
Education B120: Principles of Sec-
ondary Education, will not meet to-
Student\ Recital: Arlene Burt, a
student of violin under Gilbert Ross,
will present a recital in partial ful-
fillment of the requirements for the
degree of Master of Music at 7 CWT,
Monday evening, June 4, in the
Assembly Hall of the Rackham Buil-
ding. Her program will include com-
positions by Tartini, Bach, Lalo, and
Kreisler. The public is cordially in-
The University of Michigan Sym-
phony Orchestra: inder the direction
of Gilbert Ross, will be heard in its
second concert of the current season
at 7:30 p.m. (CWT), Wednesday.
June 6, in Hill Auditorium. The pro-
gram will consist of compositions by
Frescobald Mozart, and Brahms,
and will feature Mary Evans John-
son, pianist. The general public is
Sixteenth Annual Exhibition of
Sculpture of the Institute of Fine
Arts: In the Concourse of the Michi-
gan League Building. Display will be
on view daily until Commencement.
"Krishna Dancing with the Milk-
maids" an original Rajput brush
drawing with studies of the hands in
crayon. Also examples of Indian fab-
rics. Auspices, the Institute of Fine
Arts, through May 26; Monday-Fri-
day, 1-4; Saturday, 9-11, CWT. Al-
umni Memorial Hall, Rm. B.
Exhibition under auspices of Col-
lege of Architecture and Design:
Architectural work of William W.
Wurster, Dean of School of Archi-
tecture and Planning, Massachusetts
Institute of Technology, and former
prominent architect of San Fran-
cisco. Mezzanine Exhibition Rooms
of the Rackham Building. Open daily
except Sunday, 2 to 5 and 7 to 10
p.m. through June 2. The public is
cordially invited.

Capable Leader
F OR six weeks, President Harry Truman has
served as United States chief executive with-
out being guilty of any major boners.
There has been virtually no howling and
moaning on Capitol Hill. Newspapers aren't
calling him derogatory names.
President Truman, relatively unknown when
he took office after Franklin Roosevelt's death,
has clung to the principles of his predecessor.
Thus far, the Senate has approved all his
appointments and has reported favorably on so-
called social legislation.
President Truman has been accused of be-
ing a machine politician. Yet, in requesting
that David Lilienthal be re-nominated TVA
director, he defied one of the most powerful
machines in the nation, Boss Crump's Ten-
nessee domain.
President Truman has received the acclaim of
numerous old-timers in the national legislature
for his efforts in studying domestic problems.

If our mothers and fathers Let's ask them to.
would take us out into the Lt' bet she's a
woods and lose us, we'd get dopey Witch. If
to meet the Witch my Fairy she's a iend of
Godfather knows. And- s, sainaby-
HIS, Barnaby
r 31 C*pyrght, 1945, The Newspaper PM, Inc.

By Crockett Johnson

[I was about to propose a visit of the
three of us to her charming woodland
home. Iff1 can find her address. But
if this is to be Jane's attitude-Well-
- ane didn't mean-

-and I'll take Jane, too. A day
in the woods and a bit of real
nature study may end Barnaby's
belief in pixies and things-
Mmm. But it's a nice
idea anyway, John.
~OH O/

It seems that the shouters and pessimists
were mistaken. The new president, up to
this point, has proved that he is extremely
capable of leading a liberal administration.
-Bob Goldman

the woods won't seem such a]
ammunace to Bn arnahv

A hike in the woods? Excellent! I'll
go along. Your dad will enjoy having We can find
her just by

{ J

We'll adopt that method as a last
resort. But her address may be in{
ths city -4 ria t r tt Ics r u m h r

1 t


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