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May 30, 1945 - Image 1

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1945-05-30

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a d lIA

Partly Cloudy
and . armaer

VOL. LV, No. 160



Marines Crush Shurl;

rightenNaha Hold







* *



War Dead Will Be Paid Tribute

To Be Held
500 Students Will
March in Parade
University students and townspeo-
ple will join today in paying tribute
to the war dead in a huge parade
and special Memorial Day service,
the largest of its kind ever attempted
by the city.
The parade scheduled for 10 a.m.
EWT (9 a.m. CWT) will be immedi-
ately followed by special memorial
services on the Court House steps,
weather permitting. Should the wea-
ther prohibit the parade a special
service will be held in the Yost Field
House at 10:30 a.m. EWT (9:30
Official Announcement
The official announcement as to
whether the parade will be held as
scheduled will be carried by the local
radio station WPAG. The station
will make several announcements be-
tween 8 and 8:30 a.m. EWT (7 and
All participants in the parade are
urged to report at 9:30 a.m. EWT
Students and other University
personnel planning to march in
the Memorial Day parade with the
University section should gather
at 9:30 a. m. EWT today on Ann
St. between Fifth and Division.
Places for each group will be indi-
cated by signs posted on trees rep-
resenting each section.
(8:30 CWT) to the Armory where
the line of march will form. Parade
Marshall Tommy Fitzgerald promises
to start promptly at 10.
Largest Parade
This will be the largest Memorial
Day parade ever attempted in the
I ~city. Approximately 500 UniversityI
students are expected to take part.
The University marching band will
take its place at the head of the line
of march. This will be an unofficial
endeavor on the part of the band as
Navy rules forbid them to march as
a unit representing the naval unit
on campus.
Women Will March
The University will be represented!
by 450 women who will march as
units depicting the war effort of
women on campus. The cadet nurse
corps will lead this division of the
The Memorial Day services plan-
ned by Judge Jay Payne of the muni-
cipal court will be opened with the
massed band and audience joining in
the national anthem. The flag rais-
ing will be carried out by represen-
tatives of the American Legion posts
of the city. Rev. J. Brett Kenna of
the First Methodist Church will give
the benediction followed by the
Memorial Day address by Prof. John
Muysken of the University speech
department. The audience will then
sing "America" accompanied by the
band. The benediction pronounced
by Msgr. Warren Peek of St. Thomas
Church will be followed by a minute
of silence in memory of those fallen
in battle. The program will be closed
by a rifle salute to the dead by a
company of Michigan State Troops.
Thirty Per Cent of
Laid-Off Leave State
DETROIT, May 29.-()- Thirty
per cent of the 11,000 workers laid
off at the Willow Run Bomber Plant
have left Michigan, Edward L. Cush-
man, state War Manpower Commis-

sion director, said tonight.
The huge government-owned fac-
tory, which has produced 8,588 four-
engined B-24 bombers, will close
June 30.

v .... _ ._ a

Postwar Fraternity Plans Announced

Big Push Underway
To Clear Okinawa
115 Jap Suicide Planes Destroyed;
Mustangs Shoot Down 26 Interceptors
By The Associated Press
GUAM, Wednesday, May 30.-Hard fighting United States Marines
reached Shuri Castle, former headquarters of the Japanese commander on
Okinawa, Tuesday and other leathernecks have occupied all of the capital
city of Naha north of the main harbor.
The all-out assault to completely crush the long held Naha-Shuri-
Yonabaru line across southern Okinawa appeared to be under way as
front reports told of some enemy forces in retreat southward.
Today's fleet communique, announcing the ground successes on the
west coast and in the center of the line, also raised from 77 to 115 the
number of enemy suicide planes destroyed Sunday night and Monday
morning during attacks on American .-

Hell Week Will Be Abolished;
Scholastic Average Required
Student Committee Approves Reforms
Drawn Up During Year by Alumni Council

Abolition of Hell Week, group
scholastic averages over 2.4, possible
employment of a house mother, and
less emphasis on limited house bills
are conditions campus fraternities
must agree to before reopening chap-
ter houses after the war.
Provisions under which Michigan
fraternities will operate in the post-
war period, drawn up by the Inter-
fraternity Alumni Conference during1
the past year, have been approved by
the Committee on Student Affairs,
it was disclosed yesterday by the3
Office of the Dean of Students.
Fraternities that have leased their
houses to the University for the war
emergency and that wish now to re-
open their houses, either immediatelyf
or following the war, must comply
with this statement issued yesterday
by the Student Affairs Committee:
"Upon the recommendation of
the representative of the fraternity)
alumni, it was voted that when-
ever a fraternity wishes to sig-
nifysits intention of reopening its
house, a communication to this
effect should be presented to the
Committee on Student Affairs and
should be accompanied by, (1) a
written statement from the alumni
officers of the fraternity approv-
ng the reopening of the house, (2)
a financial statement showing how
it is proposed to finance the opera-)
tion, and (3) a written statement
Joint Spring
Concert To Be
PresentedH ere
Navy Choir, Women's
Glee Club To Periform
The Navy Choir will join the Uni-
versity Women's Glee Club in the1
presentation of a -spring concert at
8 p.m. EWT (7 p.m. CWT) tomorrow
in Hill Auditorium.
A varied program, including selec-
tions by Mozart, Gibbons, Dowland.
Holst and Rims~ky-Korsakov, will be
heard. Following the performance,
of several classics, two songs from
the Rig Veda suite by Holst, will be
presented. These choral hymns,
"Hymn of the Travellers" and "Hymn
to the Waters" were inspired by
Hindu music and incorporate that
language. Harpists Margaret War-
dle, Virginia Werner and Mary Mas-
ters will play the accompaniment to
this number.'
Jean Gilman To Sing
Jean Gilman, 1944-45 president of
the Glee Club, will sing the soprano
solos in selections from "Don Gio-
vanni" by Mozart and Batlett's
"Whither Runneth My Sweetheart?"
Included on the second part of the
program are "Holiday Song" by Wil-
liam Schuman, contemporary com-
poser, "While Quito Sleeps" by Clo-
key, Russian carol from Rimsky-
Korsakov's opera "Christmas Night".
"May Day", written by Marie Turner.
former accompanist for the group
will be sung.
Joined by the Navy Choir, the
Glee Club will set an informal notes
with "John Peel" and. "A-Hunting
We Will Go". The scene will be in
Tally-Ho Inn, a hunting lodge; Janet
Barber will play the accordion.
Navy Choir Soloist
Soloist for the Navy Choir, under
the direction of Prof. Leonard V.
Meretta, Eugene Malitz will sing
"Deep in My Heart" from "The Stu-
dent Prince", "Hallelujah" from "Hit
the Deck" and other light numbers.
While Lucille Genuit, Ruth Mac-
Neal, Ruth Ann Perry, Lennis Brit-
ton, soloists for the Glee Club, will
sing Gershwin's "Summer Time"
from "Porv and Bess".

from the officers of the chapter
indicating the acceptance by the
chapter of the recommendations of
the fraternity alumni as contained
in the five reports submitted by
them to the Committee on Student
Affairs and approved and adopted
by the Committee at its meeting
on May 28, 1945."
The work of the Conference, under
the general direction of chairman
Paul Kempf, of Ann Arbor, was sub-,
mitted in five reports covering alumni
relations; undergraduate ,leadership
and fraternity social affairs; schol-
arship; rushing, pledging and initia-
tion; and chapter finance, house
management and property mainten-
As yet no campus fraternities have
officially indicated that they wish to
reopen their houses in the fall, al-
though there are rumors that at least
some fraternities are planning such
a move. In addition, of the approxi-
'mately two dozen fraternities that
have leased their chapter houses to
the University, only seven have thus
far returned signed contracts with
the University to operate under the
same plan next year.
Hell Week has been virtually elim-
inated by the work of the Confer-
ence. From the report on initiation:
1. "Fraternity week activities shall
be educational in every respect;
"2. There shall be no physical
mistreatment of initiates. (All na-
.tional fraternities have ruled out
paddling, both mental and physi-
cal, together with other objection-
able features of old Hell Week.'
There are better ways of disciplin-
ing a pledge, and it is a challenge
to the chapter to develop some bet-
ter means of shaping individuals
to meet fraternity standards;)
"3. Any practice that leads to ob-
scenity, lewdness and vulgarity caus-
ing the initiate to lose dignity of
person and loss of prestige with the
group, shall be abandoned; 4. All
activities connected with Fraternity
Week and the initiation ceremony
shall be confined to the chapter
house; 5. The duties assigned the ini-
tiate shall not be so long or of such
a nature as to interfere in any way
with his classroom attendance or
University work."
Fraternities which as a group do
not in at least one year out of four
maintain a 2.4 collective scholarship
average will 'be denied rushing and
initiation privileges, according to the
scholarship report.
When the fraternity average falls
below 2.4 for any given year, it is
to be placed on the University
warning list during the following
year. If at the end of that time
its average has not been raised, it
will be put on maximum social
probation for the next year. If the
(See FRATERNITY, Page 4)

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WHERE ACTION FLARES IN PACIFIC-Chinese troops strike a new
blow against Japan's supply lines to Indo-China, (A), while along the
east coast the Chinese push north from captured Foochow. The heart
of Tokyo has been wiped out (B), and on Okinawa (C) the Japs have
withdrawn from Shuri fortress in the capital city of Naha. On Luzon
(D) fighting flared west of Manila. British in Burma (E) were clearing
the area west of Pegu. -:
Special Liberties, Elln ton's
Band To Highlight Senior Ball

A lifted curfew, late permission for'
servicemen and coeds and Duke El-
lington's orchestra will add to festivi-
ties at Senior Ball to be held from 9
p. mn. to 1 a. mn. EWT (8 p. mn. to
midnight CWT) Friday in the Sports
Tickets for the dance will continue
to be sold at the main desk of the
Union, at the League and at a booth
in the engineering arch. Students of
all classes and schools may attend
the Ball given in honor of graduat-
ing seniors. No tickets will be sold
at the door.
Grand March
Jim Plate, co-chairman of the
dance, announced that plans are be-
ing made for a Grand March in which
all seniors and their guests will be
invited to participate. Other plans
for special events of the evening in-
clude the rendition of songs selected
by University students as their favo-
rite Ellington renditions, and the dis-
tribution of pocket-sized magazines
depicting four years of college life in
original drawings and stories. l
Tom Bliska and Mary Ann Jones
have edited the magazine which will
be published especially for the occa-

sion. Bill Culligan, A/S USNR has
arranged for the building while Jim
Wallis A/S USNR has directed the
sale of tickets. Pat Coulter and Bet-
ty Willemin have arranged for pat-
rons and programs while Hank Man-
tho and Mavis Kennedy have handled
Pre-War Revival
The 1945 revival of Senior Ball will
be comparable to pre-war Senior Balls
in every way except decorations. War-
time shortages and consequent con-
servation necessitates the elimination
of decorations.
Ellington's orchestra, recently ac-
claimed the "only No. 1 A plus" band
of the year by Metronome magazine,
will come -to Ann Arbor between New
York and Hollywood engagements.
Russia Drafts
Teen-Age Boys
For Training
MOSCOW, May 29.-(IP-- In the
biggest peacetime military training
schedule ever ordered in the Soviet
Union, thousands of 15 and 16-year-
old boys from all parts of Russia
will be called up Friday for Red
Army training, it wvas announced
The new nation-wvide muster will
be a 100 per cent call-up, said Lt.-
Gen. N. N. Pronin, chief of the Gen-
eral Training Administration of the
Commissariat for defense.
In announcing the muster, Gen.
Pronin said: "General military train-
ing in the present period should be
conducted on an even, higher level
than in the days of war." He said
that not a single youth should miss
the muster and called on the Young
Communist League to aid inthe
"The peaceful period into xvhich
our country has entered," said Gen.
Pronin, "should not lessen our at-
tention to the problems of defense.
Meanwhile, the Army newspaper
Red Star reported that Red Army
garrisons in Siberia and troops in

shipping. The planes sank one light
naval unit and damaged 12 others.
Mustangs Escort B-29's
Mustang fighters from Iwo Jima
which escorted more than 450 B-29's
in Tuesday's 3,200-ton fire bomb as-
sault on Yokohama, Tokyo's port,
shot down 26 out of 140 interceptors,
probably destroyed 10 others and
damaged 18, the communique dis-
closed. The loss of three fighter
planes, one of whose pilots was res-
cued, was acknowledged.
The assault on Shuri was directed
at the only point left on the enemy
line which had held firm. Yonabaru
fell last week and Naha has been
crumbling for days.
Tuesday elements of Maj. Gen.
Pedro A. Del Valle's First Marine
Division opened the attack on Shuri.
Fifth Marines Reach Castle
"By nightfall, C Company of the
First Battalion, Fifth Regiment of
Marines, reached Shuri Castle, for-
mer headquarters of the enemy force
commander," the communique said.
"Opposition in the area was light.
To the north and northeast of Shuri,
elements of the First Marine Divi-
sion, the 77th Infantry Division and
the 96th Infantry Division were meet-
ing stiff resistance, including tanks.
Night attacks, attempted by enemy
swimmers off the east coast (Yona-
baru sector) in the Seventh Infan-
try Division zone of action, were re-
Front reports of enemy groups in
retreat south of Shuri were confirm-
ed by the communique.
Marines Build Bridges
At Naha, on the southwest coast,
Marine engineers built foot bridges
,before dawn Tuesday across the
north-south canal in the shell-
wrecked capital, largest ever seizedI
by the Marines.t
Then the 22nd Regiment of Maj.
Gen. Lemuel C. Shepherd, Jr.'s Sixth
Marine Division crossed the stream
and seized all Naha north of thej
main harbor except for scattered
pockets of Japanese.
Bretton Woods
Plans Sound,
Says Palmer
"The Bretton Woods proposals are
essentially sound," William B. Pal-
mer of the economics department
stated in an interview yesterday, "anc
should be amended only as the need
for changes becomes apparent."
Palmer, who will speak on "Bretton
Woods-What Does It Mean?" at
7:30 p. m. EWT (6:30 p. m. CWT)
Thursday in the Union, said that
if each nation amends the agreements
now they never will be accepted.
In his speech, to be sponsored b
the Post-War Council, Palmer will
show how the conditions in the fiek
of international lending and in the
control of foreign exchange market
during the inter-war period were
such as to make the avoidance of
similar conditions in the period aftei
the present war of particular signifi-
"It is a mistake to view Brettor
Woods as all that needs to be done
in the field of international economi
relations," Palmer stressed, explain-
ing that such issues as tariffs, relief.
rehabilitation and blocked sterling
balances will require additional in-
ternational cooperation for their ap-
propriate settlement.-
Veterans To Hold
Arboretum Picnic
A beer picnic to be held at 2:30
p. m. EWT (1:30 p. m. CWT) Sat-
urday, June 2, is being planned by

Stone Jug Lost
Sigma Rho Tau, engineering
speech fraternity, has reported the
loss of their traditional Stone Jug,
comparable to the Slide Rule,
which has been taken from its
position on the Sigma Rho Tau
Stump in the center of the senior
benches between the diagonal and
West Engineering Building.
The Jug which is to be decorat-
ed as an advertisement for the
16th Annual Stump Speakers So-
ciety Tung Oil Banquet to be held
next Tuesday, in the Union, will
be advertised' for over station
WPAG if it is not returned be-
fore the end of the week. Prof.
R. D. Brackett, sponsor of the
local Alpha chapter of Sigma Rho
Tau, has described the jug as
about four feet high. It was pres-
ented to the society by A. Stone,
former officer *and University
graduate now an engineer with
Philco Corp.
Le May Says
'Heart of Tokyo
Is Wiped Out'
An Area of 51 Square
Miles Has Been Razed
GUAM, Wednesday, May 30.-)-
The heart of Tokyo has been wiped
out by fire bombs dropped by Ameri-
can B-29s, Maj.-Gen. Curtis E Le-
May, commander of the 21st Bomber
Command, announced today.
More than 51 square miles sur-
rounding the imperial grounds are a
great mass of gray ashes,,marking
the site of thousands of' buildings
tnd residences that once housed fac-
tories of all types.
Here and there fire-blackened ru-
.ns of a few buildings still stand.
(The burned-over area is nearly as
arge as the Bronx district of New
York City. The 1940 census gives
the Bronx area as 54.4 square miles,
including inland water.)
"We have destroyed all of the tar-
;et areas we set out to destroy,"
General Le May said in disclosing
this astounding damage from B-29
':aids that reached their height last
week with two strikes of some 500
alanes each that poured thousands
of tons of incendiary bombs on con-
;ested areas of the city.
As he spoke, bombers were return-
ng from the latest strike on Japan,
his time against industrial areas of
While the cigar-chewing, youthful
;eneral talked, his aides pointed out
ahotographs of areas of destruction
vhich spread in all directions from
he palace grounds and up and down
he waterfront of Tokyo Bay where
mnuch of the city's industry is located.
Breakey Named
Circuit Judge
James R. Breakey Jr., Ypsilanti
lawyer who received his bachelor's
degree from the University in 1921,
was appointed Washtenaw County
2ircuit judge yesterday by Gov. Har-
ty F. Kelly.
He graduated from the University
Law School in 1929 following a brief
teaching career on Michigan State
Normal College music faculty.
Judge Breakey succeeds George W.
Sample, county circuit judge for 28
years who died May 16.
His appointive term will end No-
vember, 1946 when the judge will be

.K 4
.. .............

Observers of San Francisco
Conference To Visit Campus

Five student representatives who
are returning from the San Fran-
cisco Conference where they were
credentialled observers for the World
Youth Council will visit the Univer-
sity next Monday and Tuesday, Bob
Woodward, chairman of combined
campus organizations sponsoring the
group announced.
Svend Beyer Pedersen from Den-
mark, president of the Danish Youth
Council; Yang Kang, a Chinese stu-
dent; Frances Damon, Executive sec-
retary of American Youth for a
Free World; Maria Michal, a Czech;

when faculty members and students
may meet the visitors.
Guests will be honored at a dinner
following the tea, and a free rally
at 8:15 p. m. in the Rackham Lecture
Hall will climax the day.
Woodward To Preside
Bob Woodward will preside at the
rally and will introduce the visitors.
Each will give his own story of youth
movements in his country in addi-
tion to individual impressions re-
ceived while he attended the United
Nations Conference. A question per-
iod when the audience may partici-
pate will follow the various speeches,
and the University Concert Band,

Today Memorial Day Parade at
10 a. m. EWT (9 a. M.
May 31 The Inter-Racial Associa-
1------'11 - nhi~irac

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