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May 26, 1945 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1945-05-26

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VOL. LV, No. 157

ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, SATURDAY, MAY 26, 1945

PRICE FIVE CENTS

Wolverine Squads
Will Battle in Big
Ten Competition
Indoor Track, Tennis, Baseball, Golf
Teams Will Swing Into Action Today

Nazi Reads Book
By Prof. Slosson

Marianas-Based

Superforts

Raid

Central Tokyo Business District
Using 4,000 Tons of Fire Bombs

Four Michigan spring sports squads
will have their eyes on Western Con-
ference championships today when
three Big Ten meets and a crucial
baseball doubleheader get underway
at widely scattered points around the
Conference circuit.
Indoor track, tennis, and golf rep-
resentatives from the University will
swing into action against the rest of
the Big Ten to determine team cham-
Dean Perry
Granted One
Year Leave
Assistant Retires After
15 Years of Service
Miss Jeannette Perry, Assistant
Dean of Women and counselor to
thousands of coeds for 15 years, will
retire on July 1, the Board of Regents
announced yesterday.
She was granted a terminal leave
of one year.
During her term of office here
Miss Perry has watched enrollment
of women students nearly double un-
til it has reached the present figure
of more than 4,500.
Her duties included the admini-
stration of student loans for women,
special permission regulations and
the problems of housing.
Miss Perry received her A. B. from
Vassar and her A. M. in rhetoric from
the University. Between 1922 and
1925 she was director of Betsy Bar-
bour dormitory.'
Warren Chase
Appointed to
Professorship
Dr. Warren W. Chase, senior bi-
ologist in the Soil Conservation Ser-
vice of the Department of Agricul-
ture, was named by the Board of
Regents yesterday to the professor-
ship of wildlife management in the
School of Forestry and Conservation.
His appointment becomes effective
July 1. Dr. Chase will fill a vacancy
caused by the death of Prof. H. M.
Wight in July, 1942.
A native of Minnesota, Dr. Chase
took his A.B. from Macalester Col-
lege in 1926 and an M.S. in forestry
at the University of Minnesota in
1928. He received his Ph.D. in 1933
from the University of Minnesota.
Between 1928 and 1934 he was
assistant instructor in forestry at
the University of California and in-
structor in forestry at the University
of Minnesota. Since 1934 he ha
been connected with the Soil Con-
servation Service as a game conser-
vationist, forester and senior biol-
ogist.
At present he has charge of all
biological activities of the Service
in the eight states covered by a
region with headquarters in Mil-
waukee. He is an active member of
the Society of American Foresters
and of the Wildlife Society.
CAMPUS EVENTS
Today Two films, "Declaration
of Independence" and
"Give Me Liberty," de-
picting events in Ameri-
can history will be shown
at 7:30 p. m. EWT in
Rackham Amphitheatre.
Today A Spring Hop will be held
9:30 to midnight EWT in
the League Ballroom
under the sponsorship of
Cannon Post, American
Legion.
Today Class Games classic will
be held at 2 p. m. EWT at
Ferry Field.
Today Auction sale will high-

light "UJA Over-the-
Top" mixer from 9 to
midnight EWT at Hillel
Foundation.
Today Prof. Pfrston W. Slosson
will address the Annual
National Convention of
Sigma Rho Tau at 7:30
p. m. EWT in Rm. 318 of

pionships. The baseball team can
virtually assure itself of first place
in the Conference scramble by beat-
ing Wisconsin twice at Madison.
Michigan Teams Favored
All four cortingents have been in-
stalled as favorites to haul down top
honors and make it two years in a
row that Michigan has managed a
clean sweep of Conference spring
sports competition.
Highlight on the day's program is
the Big Ten outdoor track meet at
Champaign, Ill., where Michigan's
thinclads will try to stave off a ser-
ious threat from a determined Illi-
nois squad and repeat its victory
scored indoors earlier this year. All
indications point to another hot duel
between the two arch cinder rivals
with the Wolverines accorded a slight
pre-meet edge.
Tennis Teams Undefeated
The tennis and golf squads will
go into action at Evanston. Coach
Leroy Weir's racqueteers, undefeated
in ten outings this season, are rated
a sizeable edge over the rest of the
field, with Ohio State and Northwest-
ern providing most of the competi-
tion.
Coach Bill' Barclay's linksmen are
expected to have a somewhat tougher
time, but drew the favorite role for
themselves by beating Ohio State,
the number one challenger, last week,
after losing to the Bucks earlier in
the campaign. Northwestern and
Minnesota are also given a chance to
sneak through in front.
Wisconsin Only Opponent
At Madison, the Wolverine nine has
only to get by a formidable Badger
crew in both ends of a doubleheader
to all but wrap up the Conference
flag and bring it home. Undefeated
in Big Ten play, Michigan cannot
mathematically eliminate the other
squads from titular hopes this week-
end, but Wisconsin is conceded to be
the only team left on the schedule
with any chance to bowl over Coach
Ray Fisher's pupils.I
For further details, see sports page.
Sale of Poppies
Begins Today
Proceeds To Assist
Rehabilitation of Vets
Poppy sales honoring dead, and
assisting living veterans of World
Wars I and II will be held in Ann
Arbor today by University coeds and
Legionnaires.
American Legion Erwin Prieskorn
Post, Unit No. 46 of the American
LegionAuxiliary, and Graf O'Hara
Post No. 243 of the Veterans of For-
sign Wars will conduct the sales.
Proceeds will be used in the rehabili-
tation of disabled veterans, and as
assistance to children of the dead
and disabled.
Historical Fi t 1o
Be Pesent ed Today
Two films, "Declaration of Inde-
pendence" and "Give Me Liberty",
lepicting events in American history:

LT.-GEN. ULRICH KESSLER
Captured German General reads
Prof. Preston Slosson's "After the
War-What?" after being removed
from the surrendered 1,600-ton U-
234 submarine.
Luftwaffe Lt.-Gen. Ulrich Kessler,
seated in the galley of a Coast Guard
boat en route to Portsmouth, N.H.,
speaks English with an Oxford ac-
cent, Navy crewmen said. Prof. Slos-
son explained that the book was
written in response to a request by
Houghton-Mifflin publishing house
for a discussion on the prospects of
peace.
The book has been used in high
schools and has been distributed to
the Army and Navy. Prof. Slosson
suggested that Kessler may have ac-
quired the book from a prisoner of
war. Said Prof. Slosson, "It would
be interesting to know what he thou-
ght of it."
Dr.. F. Huntley
Gives TFalk on
Jap History
"We've got to know the Jap better
in order to beat him, and in order to
live with him after the war." D2.
Frank L. Huntley, instructor in the
Civil Affairs Training School, said in
an address last night at the Hillel
Foundation.
Looking into Japanese history, Dr.
Huntley pointed out that with the
entrance of the western world into
Japan the country had to prove that
she could take care of herself in
order to maintain her sovereignty.
Japanese Theocracy
"Japan is a theocracy. We cannot
separate Shinto from politics. This
is the secret of the great strength of
our enemy." These are the religious
factors which Dr. Huntley said we
must take into consideration.
Another point to remember about
Japan, Dr. Huntley emphasized, is
that four or five families control 85
per cent of the wealth of the country.
Encouir 'e Democracy
our duty in the post-war world is
to make sure that Japan will not be
able to wage war again, Dr. Hun tley
declared. This can be accomplished
by removing her heavy industries,
encouraging democratic institutions
and breaking up economic combina-
tions, he asserted.
But in destroying her heavy indus-
tries Dr. Huntley emphasized the
fact that we must leave sufficient
means for the people to make a liv-
ing.
Intellectual Myopia
"Japan has been living in an intel-
lectual myopia for years," he said.
"and if we give her a free press,
opposition to the military dictator-
ship will follow."

Bretton Woods
Discussed by
Prof. Watkins
Plan Should Be Tried
No rOther Alternative
"The risk we take in not giving the
Bretton Woods plan a trial is much
greater than the risks involved in
the plan itself," said Prof. Leonard
Watkins of the economics depart-
ment yesterday during an informal
talk on the Bretton Woods Proposal
held at the Robert Owen Cooperative
House.
Prof. Watkins began his discus-
sion with a background sketch of
the conference. The Keynes and
White plans, from England and
America respectively, formed the
basis for the international eco-
noi cooperative program. Rep-
resentatives from 44 nations met
and formulated the Bretton Woods
proposal, the plan of which has
passed through our House of Rep-
resentatives and is now pending
ratification by the Senate.
The two principal divisions of the
plan are the World Stabilization
Fund and the International Bank.
The world fund is set at eight billion
dollars which will be collected from
its members. Each nation is 'to con-
tribute a proportionate quota, the
United States' quota is set at two
and three-quarters billion. The chief
functions of the fund will be to man-
age exchange rates and provide lim-
ited, temporary loans to countries
behind in their international pay-
ments.
The second part of the plan is
the international banking system
which will have a fund of nine
billion or more. It is to aid in long
run reconstruction purposes. The
International Bank is to be a sup-
plement to private leners and
insures the loans of owners of
private capital. Prof. Watkins com-
pared it to the Reconstruclion Fin-
ance Corporation in the United
States.
Prof. Watkins prefers the Bretton
Woods proposal to the other choices
we can make. One of them is the
old gold standard which failed in its
functions after the last world war:
Monetary nationalism followed,
which Prof. Watkins described as
"little more than economic warfare
among nations." The results of this
system are chaos and competitive
depreciation between countries.
Our third choice is that which
Germany followed under the Nazi
regime, exchange control. This means
complete control of the imports and
exports of the country by the state.
In the discussion following the
talk, the question was raised as to
what Russia's position would be a-
mong the free enterprise nations of
United States and Great Britain.
Prof. Watkins answered that he
sincerely hoped that Russia's fight
for world peace would lead her to
cooperate with the system.
Japs Damage S1hips
In Okinawa Attack
GUAM, Saturday, May 26.--(P)-
Eleven light American naval ships
were damaged in a strong 18-hour
Japanese air attack on America's
Okinawa forces Thursday night and
Friday, Fleet Adm. Chester W. Nim-
itz announced today.
At the height of the attack, Japa-
nese made fantastic attempts to land
grenade-armed forces on Yontan
airfield in west central Okinawa.

JAPAN K
h Government Operated
argsi W arIndu stries
a ebuchJ
- Sek, Old "f (
Electoc R R, City Limits
C'0 ~~~Nakano :i~ 1 IO
FlIterBede -
*1 _ TOK YO - ;g
Sh buya.S
Cholu Ee /t
/ $'8eolwo Per
SHINAGAWA fortsof
Ton~o hinagawa
RAIL YARDS
fFacory f
Distrit, oy o
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NakaharaI Haneda
SKamata R$,Airport
r I
0 _ 2 d
STTU E LE awasaki
WHERE GREATEST PACIFIC AIR BLOW FELI-The Shinagawa
industrial district (circled) of Tokyo was the target of nine million
pounds of fire bombs as 550 U. S. Superfortresses made the greatest
raid of the Pacific war on May 23.

Heavy Blows

SANITATION PLANS:

Brig.-Gen. Simmons Discusses
health Problems of Germany
* *v

By PHIL ELKUS
"When one has criminals in jail,
he attempts to sanitate the prison,
and that is the general policy that
we will take in Germany," Brig. Gen.
James S. Simmons, chief of Prevent-
ive Medicine Service, Office of the
Surgeon-General, United States
Army, said yesterday.
The general, who is to leave the
United States shortly for Germany,
was in Ann Arbor yesterday to ad-
dress the Alpha Kappa Kappa med-
ical fraternity. He has recently
inspected many Pacific Islands,
among them Guadalcanal, Guam
and Saipan.
When Gen. Simmons arrives in
Germany, he is scheduled to take over
the Public Health problems until a
permanent plan for Germany has
been prepared. While his hatred of
Hunt Urged for
Lidice Children
LONDON, May 25.- (P)- The
Prague radio appealed tonight "to
all people of good will and good
hearts" to help trace the children of
Lidice.
The broadcast said nothing had
been heard of Lidice's children since
the Germans consigned them to "ed-
ucational institutions" after razing
the village, killing its men and send-
ing its women to concentration
camps in reprisal for the assassina-
tion of Reinhard Heydrich, Nazi
"protector" of Bohemia and Moravia.
All efforts to trace the children
have been in vain, the radio said.
Its appeal was directed especially to
men and women who have been con-
fined in concentration camps and
thus might have clues.

the Nazi methods are deep, he be-
lieves "that the United States, to
insure that the German people will
never again become the criminals
of the world, must give the popula-
tion at least the minimum nutrition,
so that when rational reason prevails
again, the German people may look
back and see the difference between
the Nazi method and the American."
No lover of soft peace plans, he
objects to the kind of peace that
Germany would have made if she
had won. "The United States, with
its Allied nations, must show that
they can prepare a rational peace, so
that five years hence the German
people can be prepared physically and
mentally for a peace," he said.
"The exact policy for Germany
depends upon the San Francisco
Conference and the forthcoming
meeting of the Big Three," he ad-
ded.
While in the South Pacific, Gen.
Simmons was able to get a "first
hand view of the way in which the
Army's health program is being car -
ried out in these important theatres
where the conservation of our mili-
tary strength is essential to the de-
feat of Japan." The Army is doing
a magnificent job taking care of the
sick and wounded, in insurmountable
environmental handicaps, he declar-
ed.
being a preventive medical man
himself, he was proud "of the ef-
fectiveness of the Army's prevent-
ive medicine program which is be-
ing reflected in the relatively low
disease morbidity and the extreme-
ly low disease mortality rates
throughout the year."
Gen. Simmons, who was Director
of the Philippine Research Institute,
will leave Ann Arbor today for Wash-
ington, D. C.
Prof. Slossonl
Speaks 'Today
The Annual National Convention
of Sigma Rho Tau, engineering
speech fraternity, will begin at 7:30
p.m. EWT today in Rm. 318 of the
Union with Prof. Preston W. Slosson
as feature speaker.
Prof. Slosson will discuss the gen-
eral courses of action open to the
United States emerging from the war
as the world's greatest power in his
address, entitled "America, Imperial-
ist? Isolationist? Internationalist?"
Representatives of Sigma Rho Tau
chapters in three Detroit universities
will attend the convention.

Leave Region
Smoking Ruins
No Report of Losses
Or Anti-Aircraft Given
By The Associated Press
GUAM, Saturday, May 26-Amer-
ican Superfortresses turned more
heat on Tokyo 'today with a down-
pour of more than 4,000 tons of fire
bombs from around 500 planes, mak-
ing a total of more than 8,500 tons
of incendiaries dropped on the city
in less than 48 hours.
The Marianas-based B-29s sped
over the Nipponese capital at med-
ium altitude in early morning dark-
ness. Crewmen could see the smould-
ering remains of at least a 3.2 square
mile area sprayed with 4,500 tons in
the record breaking 550-plane raid
early Thursday.
Hit Business District
Target for today was the Marun-
ouchi business district which includes
the imperial government center and
many so-called earthquake proof
buildings, best and most modern in
the empire, and neighboring war
plants and docks.
The area is in south central Tokyo,
between the imperial palace and the
Shinagawa district, which was hit
Thursday. It includes part of, the
famied Ginza, Tokyo's Broadway, and
buildings such as the Imperial Hotel,
designed by the American Architect
Frank Lloyd Wright. The hotel sur-
vived the 1923 earthquake.
24th Tokyo Raid
Today's raid was the 24th on the
Tokyo area since the first attack on
the city by Marianas-based B-29s
last November. It also was the sev-
enth fire bomb attack and will add
additional ruined areas to the 35.9
square miles of the city blackened in
previous, incendiary blows.
No Report of Losses
There was no immediate report
of losses among today's striking
force, nor the reception the planes
received from antiaircraft fire or in-
terceptor aircraft.
Twentieth Air Force Headquarters
in Washington announced the loss
of 12 planes in Thursday's raid. It
was the heaviest blow yet suffered
by the B-29s.
Class Games
Classic To Be
Played Today
Sophomores sporting dark shirts
and freshmen garbed in light will
mix at 2 p. m. E'WT today on Ferry
Fieldhto decide which class has the
more physical prowess in the Class
Games Classic.
Both classes have promised a fine
showing for the afternoon encounter.
The freshman promise is somewhat
the stronger, with over 50 frosh guar-
anteed to appear.
"If the sophs don't get over being
afraid of us, we'll probably wingthe
games by default," one freshman
leader said yesterday. Other fresh-
men have offered to scour the campus
for recalcitrant sophomores if the
second-year men do not show up
at the games of their own accord.
Coach Vic Heyliger and Earl Ris-
key, intramural sports head, will
direct the activities of the freshmen
and sophomores and also act as ref-
erees. The games will be mass -con-
tests, scored on a point basis. In the
last Class Games Classic in 1940, the
sophomores won, 60-50.
The weatherman predicted yester
day that there would be cloudy skies
and maybe light scattered showers
during the afternoon, but this did
not dampen freshman enthusiasm.
There was no comment on the pre-
dicted clouds from the sophomore
class, but several of them were heard
to mumble something about term

papers and final exams.
U. S. Troops Find
imler's Hoard
PARIS, May 25-(P)-U. S. troops
in Berchtesgaden unearthed today
Heinrich Himmler's currency hoard
-valued at around $1,000,000-as the

..

will be shown at 7:30 p.m. EWT We must also get rid of the em-
today in the Rackham Amphitheater. peror, but this must be done by the
The films, presented by the Uni- Japanese themselves, Dr. Huntley
versity Bureau of Visual Education, suggested. But above all, we must
Post-War Council, MYDA, and IRA, remember that the Japanese people
will be open to the public. are human beings, he concluded.
EXPANDS UNIVERSITY SERVICES:
~r New 'U' Prjects A
Three major projects designed to of "excellent citizenship practices" in
expand the University's functions representative Michigan high schools.
and services to the state were ap- Results of- the study will be circu-
proved yesterday by the Board of lated through all Michigan high
Regents in their monthly meeting schools and libraries.
here. Other Business Transacted
A fund of $25,000 was earmarked In other business the Regents ac-
by the Regents for the development cepted gifts totalling more than $6,-
and improvement of Camp Filibert 300, announced engineering research
Roth in the Upper Peninsula, the contracts totalling $20,300, and made
University's experimental forestry public faculty appointments and
station. leaves of absence,

pproved by Regents

i
i
t

carrying on a permanent program of
research and instruction, Dean Sam-
uel T. Dana, of the forestry depart-
ment, pointed out.
A three-part program for the camp
will provide a new water system, san-
itary and sewage disposal systems
and electricity to replace gasoline'
lanterns. The camp will ultimately
serve as a research center for the
lumber industry of Michigan and will
operate as teaching institution, train-

search in a field in which relatively
little work has been done.
Placed under the Rackham School
of Graduate Studies, the Institute
will be governed by a 12-man board
of University scientists.
The bequest of the Daughters of
the American Revolution will inau-
gurate a study which will emphasize
four points:
1. Citizenship through participa-
tion in student government.

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