THE MICHIAN DAILY
Broken Promises Explained
Edited and managed by students of the University of
Michigan under the authority of the Board in Control
of Student Publications.
Ray Dixon .
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. . . . Editorial Director
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NIGHT EDITORS: BRUSH & ROTH
- ~ .
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
THIS MONTH'S issue of Fortune magazine
presents an article on, the San Francisco
Conference which seems to be typical of a
"practical man's viewpoint" current in the con-
servative press. According to the Luce publi-
cation, the State Department is being so care-
ful to avoid the Wilsonian mistake of antagon-
izing Congress that U. S. tactics have been to
concentrate on those measures which are so
broad and abstract that not even the most ar-
bitrary . senator could disagree. Thus, says
Fortune, we have postponed the really import-
ant questions-Poland, tariffs, reparations, ad
infinitum-which we should be settling now
while this country is still in a position to see
her opinions listened to with respect.
As with most "practical" arguments, this one
sounds very plausible on first hearing. There
is, however, a counter line of thought to be
considered: The purpose of the San Francisco
meeting, as I understand it, is to construct an
international organization, and to guarantee its
permanency by having it underwritten by at
least most of the world's nations. In line with
this, the Conference is quite right in delaying
action on the more concrete questions, first,
because they are the business of a peace corm-
ference (in part), and second, because the ques-
tions can be better handled by the machinery to
be set up at San Francisco.
The international organization itself, pres-
umiably, will include competent and accredited
experts representing the nations concerned.
They will be able to investigate, adequately
report on and decide the literally thorsandsl
of "practical" questions which must be solved.
Fortune is quite right in pointing to diplo-
matic avoidance of Wilson's faux pas. It
would be dangerous indeed to risk the future
of international cooperation on a chance
that Congress might treat San Francisco as it
did Bretton Woods. -Milt Freudenheim
By DREW PEARSON
WASHINGTON.-After Churchill and Truman
sent their simultaneous notes to Stalin
reviewing all of Russia's broken Yalta promises
-on Poland, Roumania, Yugoslavia and Austria
-Stalin replied on May 10 with a smashing note
to Churchill and a milder note to Truman. In
neither did he back down on anything.
Apparently Churchill has an unerring fac-
ulty for getting under Stalin's skin. Twice
before they were almost at each other's
throats when the late President Roosevelt
stepped in between. This latest Stalin reply to
Churchill was in similar vein.
The milder note to Truman was about eight
pages long and reaffirmed Russia's desire to
carry out the Yalta pact, but differed diametri-
cally regarding its interpretation. Stalin fell
back also on the explanation that he and Roose-
velt had a personal understanding as to how
the Yalta pact was to be carried out.
Admittedly the Yalta pact is vague. One of
the late President's advisers reminded him of
this at Yalta, and got the reply: "I know it,
but it's the best I can get the Russians to agree
to without staying here six weeks and I can't
stay here six weeks."
Sworn Soviet Enemies ...
FOR INSTANCE, the Yalta agreement does
not state specifically that Mgembers of the
London Polish government-in-exile shall be
taken into the Lublin-Warsaw government, but
only that the latter should be reorganized "on
a broader democratic basis with the inclusion of
democratic leaders from Poland itself and from
the Poles abroad."
Stalin therefore replied to Truman that
Russia intended to live up to the Yalta pact
on Poland, but interprets it differently. He
pointed out that the Lublin government was
being broadened daily and now contains four
archbishops. He also said that at the next
meeting of the Big Three he would give con-
vincing proof that the Lublin government was
being broadened in accordance with Yalta,
even if it did not include the London Poles,
whom he described as the "sworn enemies of
the Soviet Union."
However, he apparently ignored the fact that
the Yalta pact does provide that the Lublin
government shall be broadened in consultation
with U. S. Ambassador Harriman and British
Ambassador Sir Archibald Clark Kerr. This
definitely has not been done. Both Harriman
and Kerr have been largely ignored regarding
revision of the Polish government.
Kept Out of Austria ...
STALIN'S LENGTHY NOTE also answered the
Truman-Churchill inquiry as to why the
Western Allies were not consulted regarding the
new Renner government in Austria, created by
the Russians overnight. Stalin's explanation
was that the Austrian people have proved their
worth, that the situation demanded great speed,
and so Stalin saw no objection to their estab-
lishing their own government.
Of course, under Yalta, it was stipulated
that new governments in the liberated areas
were not to be set up without consultation
between the Big Three. Probably also a
cable from Moscow to London and Washing-
ton would have secured immediate approval
of Karl Renner as the new chancellor of
Austria.. But this advance notice was not
Stalin also explained, in reply to the Truman-
Churchill inquiry, that the situation in Rouman-
ia was desperate, that there were serious dis-
orders, that the Radescu government had de-
ceived the Roumanian people and they them-
selves wanted an immediate change. He also
explained that Transylvania had been given to
Roumania (without consulting Britain and the
USA) in order to consolidate the new Rouman-
OCTOBER 25, 1929-the Black Friday that
'X marked the downfall of Harding-Coolidge-
Hoover prosperity, was not the biggest news of
the day in The Daily. More important news
was an official University denial of a charge
by the Carnegie Foundation that Fielding Yost
employed an "intensely organized and some-
times subtle system" of recruiting athletes.
Comparing airplanes with automobiles as
passenger vehicles, Prof. J. S. Worley (nowv
Curator of the Transportation Library) at-
tributed the lower speeds of automobiles to
faulty roads, and lauded their superior com-
fort. Sphinx initiated ten new members, and
President Hoover named Charles G. Dawes a
member of the U. S. delegation to the London
Naval Limitation Conference.
Saturday's paper reported the stock market to
have regained "partial stability as bankers show
faith in finance plan," and the Sunday Daily,
reporting the loss of a football game to Illi-
nois (14-0) in black type, made no further
mention of the financial disaster.
Tuesday reported the complete collapse of
Incidental Note: University of Michigan en-
rollment increased nearly 400 students in the
year following the crash.
ian government and give it support with all
In regard to Yugoslavia and the Yalta pledge
to reorganize the Yugoslav parliament, Stalin.
explained that no time limit had been set in
the Yalta agreement (which is correct) and
that these reforms would be carried out at the
U.S. Prisoners Held ...
MEANWHILE, ANOTHER sore point arose to
plague Allied-Russian relations when the
Soviet delayed the return of American and Brit-
ish prisoners liberated by the Red army. At
first the Russians gave the excuse that trans-
portation was difficult, which was true. But
when we proposed sending transport planes to
Poland to carry our men out, it was indicated
that this would be up to the Lublin-Polish
government, since most of the prisoners are in
The conclusion seems to be that US-British
prisoners are being held in Poland as a sort
of hostage to force recognition of the Lublin
government, which so far we have refused to
recognize and declined to admit to San Fran-
Last complication in our distressing and
tangled Russian relations has been delay in the
entry of U. S. troops into Berlin. Under the
Yalta pact, a "central control commission con-
sisting of the three powers with headquarters
in Berlin" was to rule Germany. Sometime
ago the U. S. Second armored division prepared
to enter Berlin as a token force but was kept
cooling its tanks at the Elbe river.
(Copyright, 1945, by the Bell Syndicate, Inc.)
I'D RATHER RE RIGHT:
T O THE EDITOR:
All of us have heard instructors
in physiology, biology, medicine and
allied subjects remark that certain
extremely vital facts could not be
definitely established for human be-
ings, except by analogy with results
obtained from experiments perform-
ed on other animals. The reason: The
required experimentation may in-
volve permanent impairment of some
organism, or actual death.
I am going to submit for your con-
sideration what may appear, at first,
an outrageous idea:
The Allied nations are about to-
or certainly should-indict a size-
able number of high Nazi officials
and other German criminals on char-
ges of wanton mass murder of a
most incredibly cruel nature, and of
other atrocities so vicious as to have
defied the credulity of the American
public for a dozen years. Apparent-
ly, these torturers are to be put out
of the world, if at all, in the least
painful manner at our command-
presumably execution by firing squad.
Bearing in mind the first para-t
graph, it has occurred to me that
we have been provided with a
unique opportunity to discover the
solution to many scientific prob-
blems, by using the condemned
Nazi assassins as subjects. In thist
way, they could partially repay
humanity for the misery they in-
flicted upon it-their brutality hast
been too immense for complete re-
It will immediately be argued that
we should be descending to their?
level, and that it just is not "ethical.",
Remember that they were merely;
satisfying lust for power and sadistic
tendencies, whereas we should be
serving humanity-an opportunity
that will never (I confidently hope)
recur. We seem to consider it "ethi-
cal" to shoot criminals; why not go'
a step further than the negative aim
of removing a harmful influence from
society, and utilize its removal. We'
seem to be satisfied of the "ethics"
of running a bayonet through an
enemy in the field in destructive'
warfare; why not remove an eye or
the cortex of the same enemy for con-
structive purposes? The extent of
cruelty involved will never approach
that inflicted by the Nazis upon their
domestic and external victims.
-Kurt Benjamin '
ANY BONDS TODAY? By Fibber McGee
Illustrated by Jeff Keate
Tl I f
"Charles has been walking in air since he bought
By SAMUEL GRAFTON
NOTES ON RECONVERSION: 1. The w
shortage during the coming year will
in food. There will be no famine, but we
likely to find ourselves in a curious period
which it may be easier to buy an electric
frigerator than a steak to put into it.
In an industrial civilization like ours, it
a somewhat simpler matter to produce
extra cabbage. The situation holds elemer
of psychological and political danger; for
fcod shortage is made to order for the de
agogues. They will want to know why7
don't have more meat, sugar and fats, ni
that we've won in Europe.
2. We must accustom ourselves to the i
that while our war need for hard mater
will now go down, our need for food will go
We ate as well as we did last year, for one r
son, because we couldn't get food to the pe
of the Netherlands, Italy, etc.; and we v
short of steel because we were using steel
set them free. There is something of a sw
underway; we are going to have some of
steel we were using for them, and they are g
to have some of the food we had planned
The competition will be especially severe
the hearty foods, meat, fats, sugar; for e
the lowliest of European diets, consisting
large amount of paste and grain concocti
need some proportion of fat and meat and su
for any kind of balance; we shall have to s
at least some of these foods to make our gi
surpluses good. And our soldiers don'ts
eating when they stop firing. Our food "p
line" to the Pacific adds to the load; it is th
times as long as the pipe-line to Europe
it has to be stuffed full before it can del
regularly at the other end.
3. Mr. Vinson tells us that this will me
35 pounds less meat per person than last ye
It means seven pounds less butter per p
son than in normal times. This means th
we are in for a strange period of increas
softness on some areas of the home fro
no curfew, horse-racing back again, civili
goods being produced, once more, combin
with increased austerity at the table.
It will be a spotty period, with some Am
cans going to France and Britain to get ord
and others going to the Pacific to die; a p
iod in which unemployment will strike at s
warplant communities, at the very moment
which some retailers begin again to sell t
4. Even our income taxes may be lowered
us in a year, giving us a few more dollars w
which to compete for the vanishing pat of b
ter. The conclusion is inescapable that
must keep our wartime price and other c
trols, for the tensions are going to be shar
than ever, and our discipline and sense of d
ger less. Half a total war may turn out to
harder to fight than a whole one; and we s
need all our devotion to keep the stra
mingled picture from becoming an offense
the eye and the spirit of man.
We can keep ourselves straight only1
understanding, really understanding; so th
it will not seem strange to us that the e
of the war in Europe means rather less fo
at home. Only by understanding our predi
ament will we be able to see our way out
it; and that is better than going for a jo
ride in a car with more gas and less tir
which is just one of the spurious gifts o
fered to us by the strange period that Ii
(Copyright. 1945, New York Post Syndicate)
cruitment of the Ann Arbor Red
Cross Headquarters. 25546, or direct-
ly with Mrs. Bennett, 21278).
Information regarding examina-
tions for licenses to teach in the Dis-
trict of Columbia may be received by
calling at the Bureau of Appoint-
ments and Occupational Informa-
tion, 201 Mason Hall.
The American Viscose Corporation:
Meadville, Pa., need engineering and
chemistry students for the summer.
Men interested apply at Bureau of
Appointments, 201 Mason Hall.
Camps and Resorts are looking for
summer workers. Anyone interested
apply at the Bureau of Appoint-
ments, 201 Mason Hall.
Michigan State Civil Service Com-
mission: will be in our office on
Tuesday, May 22, to interview all
seniors who would be interested in
employment with them. For appoint-
ment call the Bureau of Appoint-
ments, University Ext. 371.
City of Detroit Civil Service an-
nouncements for the following have
been received in our office: Student
Social Worker, $1,734 per year, Social
r-,.a, sewt.e, &cz iunu,,;.,e . or '..xovrl
Case Worker,$0, Senior Govern-
mental Analyst, $4,002, Junior Gov-
ON SECOND: ern "nta Analyst, $2,415, Interme-
diate Governmental Analyst, $3,105.TH U.
TUOUG IT Senior Personnel Examiner, $3,720,
* * " Intermediate Personnel Examiner,
By Ray Dixon $2,967. Medical Attendant (Female),
$1,734, Zoological Instructor, $2,553,
NE of last year'4s major Hopwood Junior Clerk, $1,734, Junior Typist,
winners is to be officially relea s-$1,734, Intermediate Clerk, $1,886,
ed for sale all over the country to- Intermediate Typist, $1,886, Junior
morrow. We suppose there must be Stenographer, $1,952, Calculating
j Machine Operator (Female), $1,942.
some significance in the fact that Posting Machine Operator (AFB &
the name of the book is The Fam- TM), $1,942, Junior Accountant, $2,-
ily Tree" and the author's name is 415, Semi-Senior Accountant, $3,105,
r iorence iMapie.
stop Coed tag salesmen on State
sp p Street yesterday were announcing
ipe- their wares in high voices singing
ree this tuneful ditty: "Don't be mean,
and please be sweet, Keep the kids off
iver the street."
an We think the government ought to
ar. pass a law ending the meat shortage
nt, DAILY OFFICIAL
ers, SATURDAY, MAY 19, 1945
der- VOL. LV, No. 151
)me Publication in the Daily Official Bul-
Sat letin is constructive notice to all mem-
heir bers of the University. Notices for the
Bulletin should be sent in typewritten
for form to the Assistant to the President,
1021 Angell Hall, by 2:30 p. m. of the day
With preceding publication (10:30 a. m. Sat-
we CENTRAL WAR TIME USED IN
per THE DAILY OFFICIAL
to American Red Cross: The American
Red Cross, being urgently in need of
by 1 additional personnel, has asked the
at University to call this situation to
nd the attention of women graduates of
od this year and the recent past who
c- may be qualified Social Workers,
i Recreation Workers, Hospital Work-
of ers, and Staff Assistants for Club,
y- Clubmobile, and Recreation Centers,
es, for domestic and foreign service.
f- Those who are interested and believe
es themselves qualified are advised to
consult at once with Mrs. Wells I.
Bennett, Chairman of Personnel Re-
Senior Accountant, $4,002, and Jun-
ior Personnel Examiner, $2,415 per
year. Further information can be
obtained at the Bureau of Appoint-
ments. 201 Mason Hall.
United States Civil Service an-
nouncements for Recreational Aide,
$2,190 to $2,433 a year, Physical Dir-
ector, $2,433 a year, Teacher (Aca-
demic Subjects), $2,433 a year, and
Commercial Aide, $2,433 a year, for
work in Veterans Administration hos-
pitals, have been received in our of-
fice. Further information can be
obtained at the Bureau of Appoint-
ments. 201 Mason Hall.
Petitioning for Junior Girls' Play
will be extended until 4 CWT Mon-
day, May 20. Petitioning is open to
all first and second semester sopho-
mores who now possess eligibility
cards. Interviewing will be from 1-
4 p.m. CWT May 22, 23, and 24.
Student Recital: Helen Elizabeth
Ashley, pianist, will present a recital
in partial fulfillment of the require-
ments for the degree of Bachelor of
Music at 7:30 CWT, Tuesday evening,
May 22, in Lydia Mendelssohn Thea-
ter. Her program will include com-
positions by Bach, Beethoven, Schu-
mann, and Triggs, and will be open
to the general public. Miss Ashley is
a student of Joseph Brinkman.
Luncheon Discussion: There will
be a luncheon discussion at 11:15
CWT. Mr. Littell will review "The
Predicament of Modern Man" by D.
Elton Trueblood. Make reservations
at the Lane Hall main desk.
The Outing Club is sponsoring a
picnic today. Those interested in a
hike and food should gather in the
Outing Room of Rackham at 3:30
p.m. Each person is asked to bring
his own lunch. Coffee and desert
will be prepared. Graduate students,
faculty, alumni, and friends are cor-
dially invited to attend.
CWT and 4 to 5:30 CWT, at the
Wichigan Union. Edward W. McFar-
and, professor of economics at
Wayne University, will speak on the
Bretton Woods and San Francisco
conferences. Open discussion of world
problems will follow. Students and
faculty are invited.
Dr. Rueben Kahn will lecture at
;he International Center on Sunday
at 6:30 p.m. His topic will be "The
Caribbean Area". The public is cor-
Hillel Players Tryout Meeting for
i Norman Corwin radio play will be
held Monday, May 21, at 2;30 (CWT)
at the Hillel Foundation. Please bring
Pst-War Council Meeting will be
held Monday, May 21, at 3 CWT in
The Merchant of Venice will be
reviewed by the students in Speech
1G3, promptly at 7, Tuesday evening
vfay 22 in Rm. 4203 Angell Hall.
The platform acting and narrative-
recital method will be used. Persons
interested are cordially invited to
First Church of Christ, Scientist:
409 S. Division St. Wednesday eve-
ning service at 8 p.m. Sunday morn-
ing service at 10:30 a.m. Subject
"Mortals and Immortals". Sunday
school at 11:45 a.m. A special read-
ing room is maintained by this
church at 706 Wolverine Bldg., Wash-
ington at Fourth, where the Bible,
alsothe Christian Science Textbdok,
"Science and Health with Key to the
Scrjptures" and other writings by
Mary Baker Eddy may be read, bor-
rowed or purchased. Open daily ex-
cept Sundays and holidays from
11:30 a.m. to 5 p.m.
First Baptist Church: Rev. C. H.
Loucks, Minister and Student Coun-
selor; Roger Williams Guild House,
502 E. Huron. Sunday: 10, Roger
Williams Study Class-Discussion on
"The Integrated Personality". 11,
Morning Worship-"The Unity of
the Spirit", Rev. C. H. Loucks. 5,
Prof. Henry Sanders of the Latin
Department will speak to the group
on "The New Testament Scriptures"
with slides to illustrate. 6, Cost Sup-
First Congregational Church: State
and Williams Sts. 9:45 a.m., Public
Worship. Dr. Parr will preach on
"Dogmas of the Quiet Past". 4 p.m.,
Congregational - Disciples Student
Guild will meet in the Church. Fol-
lowing supper there will be Guild
Elections. Russell Fuller will lead
the closing worship service.
Memorial Christian Church (Dis-
ciples): 9:45 (CWT), Morning Wor-
ship. The Sermon will be delivered
by Mr. Homer P. Bamboe of the
India Mission, Disciples of Christ.
At 4 p.m., the Congregational-Disci-
ples Guild will meet at the First
Congregational Church. Guild elec-
tions will follow the supper. The
closing Worship Service will be led
by Russell Fuller.
First Methodist Church and Wes-
ley Foundation: Morning Worship
Service at 9:40 o'clock. The Rev.
Ralph G. Dunlop will preach on "The
Living Gift". Wesleyan Guild meet-
ing at 4 p.m. Panel-led discussion on
Chinese - American, relationships.
Prof. Kenneth G. Hance is chairman
of the panel and the student mem-
bers are Miss Bei-tsung Li, Mr. Ha
Lin. Miss Charlotte Mueller and Ro-
ger Appleby. Supper and fellowship
hour following the meeting.
First Presbyterian Church: 1432
Washtenaw Ave. Sunday: 9:45 a.m.,
Morning Worship Service by Dr. Lein-
on, "A Great Reference". 4 p.m.,
Westminster Guild will have a sec-
ond in their series of discussion on
ONE OF THE most heartening reports in the
news of the past few days is the ejection
of Gerald L. K. Smith, America's own contri-
bution to fascism, from the lobby of a San
Francisco hotel where he had planned to speak.
This is a repetition of a similar unfortunate
episode in the life of this homespun Hitler which
took place in Chicago recently. Smith made
the mistake of publishing one of his usual
vicious leaflets playing on all the less rational
prejudices. Chicagoans decided that it was
old stuff plagiarized from "Mein Kampf" and
denied him a hearing.
The forcing underground of native fascism
is a healthy sign of the times. It serves as a
reminder that the American and Allied peoples
will not permit gentle treatment of Mr.
Smith's brother fascists in Europe.
He wen ' rigt over this rail-
I I f1dn' ;,eehi ropped
By Crockett Johnson
The ferryboat's stopped.
But they won't find him.
A ifK E '.A
iaby. What's everybody
et? But I've no time now
wrf iehc 9nlln