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May 19, 1945 - Image 1

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Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1945-05-19

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VOL. LV, No. 151'

ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, SATURDAY, MAY 19, 1945

PRICE FIVE CENTS

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MARINES ADVANCE IN OKINAWA'S CAPITAL-First Division Marines advance past a burning build-
ing in Naha, capital of Okinawa, in the fight to wrest the Ryukyu Island from the Japanese. The build-
ing was set affire to dislodge Jap snipers.

n

* * *

* * *

Soph Music
BaWilBe
Held Tonight
Cabaret of 1945
To Feature Strauss
Soph Music Bar, the 1945 Soph Ca-
baret, will be held from 7:30 p. m. to
midnight EWT (6:30 to 11 p. m.
CWT) today on the second floor of
the Michigan League.
.Jimmy Strauss, his Detroit orche-
stra and vocalist will reign from 9
p. m. to midnight EWT in the League
ballroom, providing music for danc-
ers. The ballroom will be decorated
with song title representations.
'Swing's the Thing'
The all coed stageshow, "Swing's
the Thing" will be presented at 8:30
p. m. EWT in the Lydia Mendels-
sohn Theatre. The show will fea-
ture dancing and singing numbers
with Jean Hole, Ruth McMorris and
Nina Goehring doing a special tap
dance interpretation of zoot suit jive.
Phyllis Knight will be the show's
blues soloist and will sing "I Sur-
render, Dear."
Following the stageshow will be the
technicolor movie, "A Star Is Born,"
which stars Frederic March and Ja-
net Gaynor. The movie was a hit of
the '30's and has been brought back
by request.
Miniature Golf Course
The WAA will sponsor a minia-
ture golf course in the Hussey Room.
A nine hole course complete with
water and sand traps will be pro-
vided. Scores will be kept to de-
termine the star player of the eve-
ning, who will be awarded a prize.
Artists To Sketch Students
Refreshments will be served in
the Grand Rapids Room where cokes
and sandwiches will be sold in the
setting of a parisian sidewalk cafe.
Caricatures of Cabaret-goers will be
sketched by student artists who will
become French masters for the night.
Fortune tellers and novelty games
will also be provided.
Tickets will be on sale on campus
until noon today; they will also be
sold at the door. The Cabaret is
open to all persons and both stag
and couple tickets are being sold.
Proceeds from Soph Music Bar will
be contributed to the Seeing Eye for
the purchase of a trained dog for the
blind.
CAMPUS EVENTS
Today Soph Music Bar to be
given in the League at
7:30 p. m. EWT (6:30
p .m. CWT),
Today Michigan-Indiana base-
baseball game at 1:30
p.m. EWT (12:30 CWT)
at Ferry Field.
Todayr Michigan - Purdue track
meet at 1:30 p.m. EWT
(12:30 CWT) at the Ferry
Field track.
Today Michigan-Ohio State golf
matches at the University
golf course. Doubles to
start at 8:30 a.m. EWT
(7:30 CWT) and single
matches at 1 p.m. EWT
(12 CWT).

Small Gains Ground Out
YanksfOkinawa
imitz Says SoutI ern Fjlol L . is De nded
With Greatest Tenacity of Entire Operation
By LEIF ERICKSON
GUAM, Saturday, May 19-(/')-American troops ground out small
local gains on the southern Okinawa front yesterday in some of the island's
most intense fighting but failed to capture either of their prime objectives,
Naha or Shuri cities.
So stubbornly savage was the Japanese resistance that the Sixth Divi-
sion Marines near Naha and the veteran 77th Infantry Division were forced
to capture two small hills twice before apparently securing them.
G Company, 383rd Regiment of the 96th Division, engaged in an hour-
long grenade duel with Japanese in another instance.
Fleet Adm. Chester W. Nimitz in today's communique said the enemy's
lines were "Being defended with the greatest tenacity of the entire opera-
---4tion" as the 10th Army smashed at
, the strongly fortified "Little Siegfried
FR NKLIN ine stretched across Okinawa from
Naha on the west coast to Yonabaru
on the east.
He estimated that Maj. Gen. Lem-
, *. .uel C. Shepherd, Jr.'s Sixth Division
U.S. Crrier leathernecks destroyed two battalions'
of fiercely defending and counterat-
On his recent mission to the Pana- tacking Nipponese troops in their ad-
manian Command Area, Athletic Dir-vance from the Asa to the Asato
manin Cmmad Aea, thlticDir river guarding Naha. This advance
ector Herbert O. "Fritz" Crisler had represented about one mile and re-
the unique privilege of witnessing quired nearly a week, so bitterly did
the carrier, U.S.S. Franklin, on both the Japanese fight back. The leath-
its maiden voyage through the Canal ernecks repulsed a number of small
and on its last trip through the locks. but savage counhera.s in ts
push-
When the huge 45,000-ton battle- A few enemy planes appeared over
wagon made its first trip through the Okinawa area late Thursday and
the locks, Crisler said, it looked in the early hours of Friday. Nimitz
"brand-spanking new," with all it, did not say whether they were able to
superstructure literally sparkling in reach their targets, or whether any
the sun. were shot down.

i
1
i

Tag Day Sale
Nets $1,577
Weather Ilamed for
IWlihi T Reach Goal
A total of $1,577, not quite reach-
ing the $1,800 goal, has been collect-
ed thus far as a result of yesterday's
'ag Day sale to send needy boys to
the University Fresh Air Camp, Prof.
F. N. Meneffe, director of the Camp,
announced yesterday.
"I am well pleased with the re-
sults of the sale because this was
not the best kind of day. If the
weather man had relented three
hours sooner, we would have hit the
goal," Prof. Meneffe commented.
Reporting that one or two dormi-
tories and Galens are yet to turn
in their checks, Prof. Meneffe added
that any other donations will still be
accepted.
"I wish I had some way to thank
all those who helped sell. tags and
count the money, and those who con-
tributed," Dr. Meneffe said.
JAGGraduation
Ceremonies Will
Be Held Today
Maj. - Gen. Myron C. Cram,
Judge Advocate General of the U.S.
Army, and Dr. E. Blythe Stason,
Dean of the Law School, will deliver
the principal commencement addre-
ses at the graduation of 75 JAG
School officers, to be held at 10:15
a.m. EWT (9:15 a.m. CWT) today
in Rm. 100 Hutchins Hall.
Conclude Training
Concluding the courses, designed
to prepare them for work as judge
advocates with the U.S. Army abroad
and in the United States, the grad-
uates are members of the 11th Offi-
cer class and the 22nd Officer Candi-
date class. The 46 officers in the
22nd O.C. were commissioned a sec-
ond lieutenants in a ceremony held
yesterday on the Law Quadrangle
parade grounds.
The traditional commencement
banquet, at which both classes play-
ed host to Gen. Cramer, the staff and
faculty of the JAG School and sev-
eral faculty and other guests, was
held last night at the Allenel Hotel.
Travels from Washington
Gel). Cramer, who is making a
special trip from Wawhington, D.C..
to attend the ceremonies, in his last
appearance here revealed for the
first time that the War Crimes Office
of the JAG Department is "actively
engaged in the gathering and as-
sembling of every scrap of evidence
and testimony obtainable on the sub-
ject of atrocities and cruelties im-
posed upon American servicemen and
American nationals" by both Ger-
many and Japan.
"No stone will be left unturned,"
he said, "i our effort to es tablish the
truth or falsity of these charges of
inhuman conduct and violations of
the accepted rules of warfare, and to
bring to justice all offenders."
Clinton Rouge.
Rivers Recede
By The Associated Press
Familie.; living on the lowlands of
Macomb and Wayne Counties were
somewhat relieved tonight (Friday)
when authorities expressed a belief
the rain-swollen Clinton and Rouge
Rivers had reached their crest and
had begun to recede in some sections.
Rains which had damaged homes,
crops cnd highways in many parts
of Michigan ceased during the day

and the weather bureau in Detroit
prve ctedIartly cloudy gnd warmer
weather for Saturday.
Before the crest was reached more
than 500 residents of the Kibbie
Flats area of Mt. Clemens were forc-
ed from their homes. Many of the
evacuees were given shelter in hotels
and by friends, while others took
refuge in Mt. Clemens churches.
Although the flats were not entire-
ly under water, Red Cross and Coast
Guard authorities decided to remove
the residents when the threat be-

By 'Thle Associated Press
SAN FRANCISCO, May 1. -
Delegates reported tonight that a
fiery Cuban, speaking in a United
Nations conference committee, had
accused big nations of wanting to
set up a "collective dictatorship"
over the world.
In the most violent dispute yet
witnessed by the conference, dele-
gates said Senator Vandenberg (Rep.,
Mich.) called for other nations to
entrust the great powers with "the
same confidenceand faith" in peace
that they have in war.
Delegates said Francisco Aguirre
of Cuba touched off the fireworks in
a' committee considering powers of a
proposed all-nation General Assem-
bly. It was discussing specifically
whether the Assembly should have
the right to "make recommendations
in respect of any matters affecting
international relations." The vote
was 42 to 0 for that authority.
This is how the scrap developed, as
reported by delegates who attended
the closed door meeting:
Aguirre asserted that the big four
countries sponsoring the conference
-China, Britain, the United States
and Russia-want "collective dicta-
* * * :
.U.S. Supports
Trusteeships
Stettinius States Aim
To Free Territories
SAN FRANCISCO, May 18--(P)-
Secretary of State Stettinius replied
to criticisms of the American position
on trusteeships today by declaring
"attainment of independence is one
of the United States' objectives in
any government of dependent
peoples."
A formal statement the secretary
upheld the American delegation's
support of a trusteeship proposal
which declares the aim is to promote
the political, economic and social ad-
vancement of the trusteeship terri-
tories and their inhabitants and their
progressive development toward self-
government in forms appropriate to
the varying circumstances of each
territory.
Russian delegates to the United
Nations conference have suggested
that a five-power working agreement
See U.S. SUPPORTS, Page 4
Daily, Ensian
P osilli ns Open,
Senior staff business and edit=
orial positions on The Michigan
Daily and Michiganensian will be
filled at the next meeting of the
Board in Control of Student Pub-
lications.
Applications for these positions:
1946 Michiganensian, Summer
Daily and Fall Term Daily, may be
submitted by any eligible student
whether former staff member or
not. They should be addressed to
the Board in Control of Student
Publications and delivered not lat-
er than Thursday, May 24 at eith-
er the Student Publications Build-
ing, 3211 Angell Hall or 108 Tap-
pan Hall.
-Board in Control of Student
Publications.

torship, that the same totalitarian
doctrine most of the world has been
fighting seems to be the inspiration
behind a new world league." Then
he added:
"They want to put free countries
under a new system of tutelage."
"We have won the war and should
build the peace along the same
ideals," delegates quoted Aguirre as
saying.
Then, according to other delegates
present, Vandenberg stepped in. The
Michigan Senator said he agreed
"entirely with my able friend-that
we have won the war-and that
means the United Nations."
But, Vandenberg continued, "the
contribution by big powers was more
than just words. It was substantial
and cannot be forgotten."
MYDA Members
Meet Tomorrow
Panel Will Consider
Student's Part in Peace
"Students in the Building of the
Peace", the conference sponsored by
MYDA and the Wayne University
Club, American Youth for Democra-
cy, will open at 2:30 p.m. EWT, (1:30
p.m. CWT) Sunday, in Rm. 308, the
Union.
Discussion in the first panel will
center around the topic, "The Fu-
ture of the United Nations" deal-
ing with questions of the unity of
the Big Five; the inclusion of Ar-
gentina and the exclusion of Po-
land at the San Francisco Confer-
ence; the colonies; Bretton Woods
as the economic corollary to Dum-
barton Oaks; the enforcement of
the peace and universal military
training. Anna Vidakis of Wayne
University will preside at this pan-
el made up of Kennie Goodman,
Roslun Silber, Dan Neusom, Deri
Jenkins, and Roselva Rushton of
Wayne University.
Memb'ers of the second panel at
5:30 p.m. EWT (4:30 p.m. CWT).
"Student Organization for Winning
the Peace", are Jack Gore, Lennie
Cohen, Betty Erbaugh, George Sar-
ver, Jeppy Madson, Terry Whitsit,
Norma Lyons, and Maxine McCabe
of MYDA, with Bob Woodward pre-
siding. In this panel students will
discuss issues on which youth organi-
zations work for the future through
V-J Day and in post-war United
States. International student friend-
ship and support to the World Youth
Conference, 60,000,000 jobs, federal
aid to education, the 18-year old
vote, fair employment practices are
some of the subjects to be debated.
Edward W. McFarland, professor
of economics at Wayne University,
will speak at the first session of the
conference on "Bretton Woods and
the San Francisco Conference".
Virginia Kougias, AYD organizer
in the Chicago area, will address
the second session,
The conference is open to all stu-
dents and faculty on campus and a
cost supper will be held at Hillel
Foundation for those attending the
meetings. Students from Michigan
State College are expected to attend
the con'ference as well as students
from Wayne University and this
University.

By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON, May 18-President
Truman reaffirmed America's histo-
ric friendship with France Friday.
He expressed a desire to meet Gen.
Charles De Gaulle and offered the
French a portion of the American
occupation zone in Germany.
Issues Statement
In a formal statement issued after
he conferred on a number of prob-
lems of "primary interest" between
the two countries with Georges Bi-
dault, French foreign minister, the
Chief Executive also:
Welcomed any assistance France
"and our other allies" might bring
against the Japanese that could be
synchronized with operations already
planned or underway.
To Aid France
Asserted the United States Gov-
ernment and its people will continue
to take all possible steps to "facili-
tate the recovery of France and of
her people."
Declared France had emerged with
renewed strength from the European
war and had demonstrated her de-
termination and ability to resume
her "rightful and eminent" place
among the nations which will share
the major responsibility for main-
taining European and world peace.
Soothes Ill Feeling
The President's statement, couched
in the third person, was interpreted
generally as an effort on the part of
the new Administration to erase any
ill feeling that might have resulted
from past friction between this Gov-
ernment and De Gaulle.
But his statement that he would
like to meet Gen. De Gaulle was taken
to refer to a conference just between
the two, not with the other members
of the Big Three in attendance.
Appreciates France
In the same sentence in which he
mentioned De Gaulle's name, Mr.
Truman said the United States fully
appreciated the part which France
"could and should play in the settle-
ment of questions of'world and Euro-
pean interest."
On the occupation question, the
Chief Executive "confirmed to Mr.
Bidault this Government's complete
willingness to relinquish a part of
the American zone of occupation In
Germany."
Secretary Tels
H-itler's Scheme
By The Associated Press
Adolf Hitler made a final desperate
effort to split the Allies by planting
a story that the Russians were arm-
ing 200,000 Germans to fighting Eng-
land, the Fuehrer's former secretary,
now a prisoner in southern Germany,
told American newsmen yesterday
(Friday).
Although the plot fizzled, the sec-
retary said Hitler as well as Joseph
Goebbels remained confident almost
to the end that Russia and the west-
ern Allies would fall out in time to
save Germany from defeat. It was
not until April 22, he said, that Hit-
1er finally admitted the cause was
lost and declared he would die in
the Reich's chancellery.
From mid-February on, the secre-
tary said, it was apparent that Hit-
ler, trying to direct the battle, was
without adequate communications
either east or west and often did not
even know where his own or the
Allied lines were. He insisted Hitler
never used a double.
In London Lt.-Gen. Tadeusz Ko-
morowski, better known as "General
Bor", who led the ill-fated rising of
Polish patriots in Warsaw before the
Soviets re-took that ruined capital,
declared that thousands of his for-
mer soldiers "are now filling Soviet
prisons and concentration camps."
Churchill Reveals
Third Nazi Weapon

NEW YORK, May 18-(/P)-Batteries

4

Cuban Accuses Powers
In Conference Flare-Up
Claims Big Nations Want 'Dictatorship';
Vandenberg Requests Confidence, Faith

Bidault Talks
To President
Statemenit Proclaimed
After Big Conference

But, when he next saw the Frank-
lin, it was "a mass of twisted steel
and wreckage." This was shortly be-
fore Crisler and his party were sched-
uled to leave the Zone.
"The comparison between the first
time I saw the ship and the second
time I saw the twisted wreckage that
was the Franklin is not descri bble,"
Crisler said.
KellyITDeclareC)s
Two Holidays
LANSING, May 1.U-oe
nor Kelly in two proclanma ions is-
sued today asked Michigan residents
to observe Tuesday, May 22, as Mari-
time Day in Michigan, and set, aside
the week of May 20-27 as Food Pres-
ervation Week.
"It is no exaggeration to say that
the fighting spirit of our Merchant
Marine was among the cardinal fac-
tors in the recent European victory,"
Kelly said, and "it is not difficult to
predict that it will play an equally
essential role now that the full force
of American aimed might is turned
against the Empire of Japan."

U p1he grove To
Receive Honors
Bond To Be Awarded
For Naval Prolkiency
Hairry Nelon Upthegrove, Annap-
ois nidshinlan, the son of Clair
TU thegrove, a professor of metallur-
gial engineering, will be honored
in Jiine Wek cerenonice :it was an-
nouanced today.
Upthegrove, a three-striper, will
receive the National Woman's Relief
'Corps prize, a $100 war bond, for
proficiency in "Rules of the Road".
"Rules of the Road" are a set of
regl ations enacted by Congress for
preventing collisions at sea.
Upteagrove graduated from Ann
Arbor High School in 1940 and at-
tended the University College of En-
gineering where he studied naval
architecture and marine engineering
until 1942. fn June 1942, he entered
the Naval Academy after passing a
competitive NROTC examination.
Upthegrove, who stands high in
his class, will be comniissioned art
en ign June 6.

'LONG SIX MONTHS' ENDSf
Dr. John Dill Fools Physicians,
Outlives Predictions 75 Years

WHY THE RAINS CAME:
Prof. Ilelkn apSays Ann Arbor
RaIn Due to 'Maritimrne Polars'

The death of 102-year-old Dr.
John W. Dill, a graduate of 1879,
brought to a close a "long six mon-
ths" which lasted over three-quarters

over 50 years and kept his license
active until 1943. The California
State Board of Examiners had gran-
ted him this permit to practice when

Prof. R. L. Belknap of the Depart-
ment of Geology has the answer for
all those who are wondering just why
Ann Arbor weather has been the
way it has lately.
It is all due to the movements of

past week. In this region, cold mas-
ses of air called "continental polars"
come down from Canada, push in
under the maritime polars, causing
them to rise and be cooled, and thus
lose their moisture.
East Coast Dry

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