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May 13, 1945 - Image 1

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Text
Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1945-05-13

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WEATHER
Partly Cloudy
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VOL. LV, No. 146 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, SUNDAY, MAY 13, 1945
U.S.Fleet Destroys 05 JpPanes ofy

PRICE FIVE CENTS
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Great
Sailors Edge
Miehigan in
Photo Finish
Meet Undecided
Until Last Event
By BILL MULLENDORE
A surprisingly strong Great Lakes
track team upset the dope bucket at
Ferry Field yesterday, beating out
Michigan, Illinois, and Ohio State-
the three top cinder squads in the
Western Conference-in a photo fin-
ish which was not decided until the
results of the last event had been
tabulated.
Rated as the weakest of the four
competing squads by pre-meet dope-
sters, the Sailors, coached by Lt.-
Com.. Rollie F. Williams, piled up
43 1/3 points to Michigan's second
place total of 41 1/3. Illinois, run-
ning without the services of ace dis-
tance man Bob Kelley, finished third;
with 35/2, and Ohio State brought
up the rear with 31 5/6.
Broad Jump Decides Meet .
Great Lakes piled up its winning
margin in the field events after Mich-
igan had opened up a six-point lead
in the nine track clashes. With one
event, the broad jump, remaining to
be -heard from, the Wolverines boast-
ed a two-point margin, but the Sailors
picked up five points to Michigan's
one in that event to clinch the victory.
All contestants were hampered by
a heavy track which slowed down
times considerably. Pools of water
were collected at various points
around the cinder oval'during most
of the met, ands soggy -turfforced
the holding of the shot put and broad
jump indoors.
Eisenhart Vins Mile
loes Esenhart, NAAU 1,000-yard
king, got the Bluejackets off to a
good start, beating Michigan's Bob
Hume to the tape by three yards in
the featured mile run in the com-
paratively slow time of 4:27.2. Kel-
ley, who was not in condition, was
forced to drop out of the race after
two and one-half laps, and was not a
contender in any other event.
The Bluejackets continued their
winning ways in the 440 despite the
scratching of ace Grover Klemmer,
holder of the world's record at that
(See TRACK, Page 6)
Churchill May
Hint at Election
Day on Radio
LONDON-('P)--Britain anticipates
that Prime Minister Churchill may
give a hint during his anniversary
broadcast today (3 p. m. EWT) of
when it can expect its first general
election in 10 years, the longest
stretch this country has gone in mod-
ern times without choosing a Parli-
ament.
There is almost unanimous opinion
the election will be this year, prob-
ably either in July or in October. A
hot fight aside from party platforms
appears developing around Churchill's
dual position as both leader of the
Conservative Party, a post he accept-
ed five months after becoming Prime
Minister, and leader of the nation's
war effort.
Labor ministers in the coalition
cabinet have stated that while they

have pledged allegiance to Churchill
the war leader they stand ready to
fight Churchill the political leader.
Churchill's personal popularity is
sure to be one of the Conservatives'
strongest cards. The labor party or-
gan, the London Daily Herald, already
has struck the opposition note by call-
ing for a campaign based on social
issues rather than on the popularity
of party leaders.
CAMPUS EVENTS
Today Faculty Recital: Dorothy
Ornest Feldman, guest so-
prano at 8:30 p. m. EWT
(7:30 p. m. CWT) Lydia
Mendelssohn Theatre.

Lakes Scores

Track U

Set

When Winnie Don't
Smoke-He Eats
RENO, Nev., May 12-0A )-
Prime Minister Churchill today
was described by Lord Halifax,
British Ambassador to the United
States, as the cigar manufactur-
ers' best customer in the Empire.
Halifax said the Prime Mini-
ster smokes three cigars each
hour during the 18 out of 24 hours
a day that he is awake.
"When he doesn't smoke he
eats" Halifax added.
Russian Armies
Move To Crush
Last Resistance
Prisoners Moved East
To Repair Devastation
LONDON, May 13, Sunday-Rus-
sian armies have captured more than
700,000 enemy troops and 63 Nazi
generals in mopping up scattered
resistance on the eastern front since
Germany's unconditional surrender
Tuesday, Moscow said last night.
Thousands of these troops were
being moved eastward by the Red
Army. They were bound- for Russia
for the work of restoring ruined So-
viet cities, villages and factories. "Be-
fore them now is no role of idle gen-
tlemen," the Soviet newspaper Iz-
vestia said.
Resist in Czechoslovakia
The only area on the eastern front
where some German troops still re-
sisted was in Czechoslovakia and Au-
stria. But three RRussali armies ad
closed a ring around the last rem-
nants of Field Marshal Ferdinand
Schoerner's "middle army group" in
Czechoslovakia and the trapped Ger-
mans were being rounded up in a
1,200-square mile pocket.
In Austria, another Soviet army was
clearing dispersed units of Nazi Col.
Gen. Otto Woehler's Army from hide-
outs in the Austrian Alps, but the last
enemy surrender-resisters in the two
countries were giving up the fight and
surrendering.
475,000 Nazis Captives
In Czechoslovakia and Austria, a
total of 475,0000 German captives had
been seized. Along with the prisoner
haul taken from Latvia to Czechoslo-
vakia, the Russians bagged quantities
of equipment and supplies.
Moscow's nightly war bulletin gave.
no fresh news of fighting advances,
but reported that the German sur-
render in the Baltic pockets east and
northeast of Danzig and Gdynia and
on the Danish island of Bornholm, off
Sweden's southeastern tip, had been
completed.
Favorite Jazz
King Will Play
At Senior Ball
Duke Ellington, "America's Genius
of Jazz," will come to Ann Arbor
June 1 for a pre-war style all-cam-
pus Senior Ball in the I-M Building.
Central committee members are
planning a grand march for all sen-
iors and their guests. The band will
be appropriately clad in gowns and
mortar boards, and favors for the
dance will be small pocket-sized
magazines, depicting four years of
college in stories and pictures.
Timited Ticket Sales
Although seniors will be especially
honored at the dance, tickets are not
reserved for them. Jim Plate, co-
chairman, urged all seniors to pur-
chase tickets early as sales will be
limited.

A song contest, conducted in con-
nection with ticket sales for the
dance, has revealed that University
students are familiar with a great
variety of Ellington compositions and
recording. Everything from "Take
the A Train" to "Black, Brown and
Beige" has been requested.
Admired in U. S., Europe
1.1_ _.-~~ ,r - ,n ",a l-,. Q~

IWO JIMVA STATUE IN TIMES SQUARE -- A Times Square crowd
sees a 50-foot statue of the Iwo Jima flag raising after it was unveiled
in ceremonies during which Gen, Alexander A. Vandegrift, Marine Coin-
mandant, spoke in New York City. The original battle flag flies from.
the staff. The statue is based on Associated Press photographer Joe
rosenthal's Pulitzer Prize winning picture.
Agree on Defense of Americase
Security CunilPlausAproved

U' War Loan
Drive To Open
Quota* $100,000
Students, Faculty Will
Be Solicited by Vets
The Seventh National War Loan
campaign to raise seven billion dol-
lars in individual Series E bond pur-
chases begins tomorrow and extends
through June 30. The AnnArbor
and Washtenaw County cquotas of
$1,600,000 and $8,616,000 will be fill-
ed through Series E, F and G bonds
and corporation securities. Payroll
deductions for April, May and June
will be credited to the Seventh War
Loan.
JGP Competition
Urging coeds to jump from stamp
to bond purchases, the JGP solicitors
will open a competition tomorrow for
high bend sales during the drive
among girls' residences.
Under the direction of Joan Schlee,
special drive chairman for JGP, the
bond sales for each of the coed dor-
mitories, league houses, and sorori-
ties will be regularly tabulated. The
house with the highest percentage of
sales will be presented with a. special
award signed by Governor Harry F.
Kelly.
To Solicit 'U' Personnel
Junior girls and veterans have vol-
unteered to solicit the entire Univer-
sity personnel for war bond sales.
Over 30 coeds will contact the Uni-
versity staff for war bonds while two
dozen veterans will work with mem-
bers of the faculty.
The University quota of $100,000,
equal to that of the Sixth War Loan
last fall, will be filled by individual
purchases. Bonds may be ordered
through the cashier's office, from the
veterans and the junior girls.
CLASS GAMES:
Soph, Frosh
Contest Leaders
Are Appointed
Dick Emerick, John Smedley, Roy
Rogers, Morris Hill and Bob Goldman
will lead the sophomores, and David
Duttweiler, Art Sakel, George Slocum.
and Dewey Tennen, the freshmen
in the wartime revival of the Class
Games Classic May 26 at Ferry Field,
it was announced yesterday by Dick
Mixer, Union games chairman.
Freshmen Meet Tuesday
Freshmen will meet at 8 p. m.
Tuesday with their appointed lead-
ers in Room 316 of the Union to
formulate plans for routing of the
sophomores. Vic Heyliger, Michigan
hockey coach and adviser to the
freshmen, will be on hand to whip up
enthusiasm.
Proclamations foretelling the doom
of the sophomores have been prepar-
ed and will be posted by the fresh-
men after the meeting. Freshmen
will have an especial stake in the
Class Games fray, astthe sophomore
class has planned to reinstate the
traditional freshmen pots if their
"mental underlings" are effectively
brought into line.
First Since 1940
This will be the first opportunity
since 1940 for these sophs to prove
to the freshmen that the neophytes
are little more than babes with wet
ears, who are still mentally and
physically too immature to associate
with MEN.

Power over Disputes'
Proposed for Council
By The Associated Press
SAN FRANCISCO, May 12.- An
American formula to fit regional self
defense agreements into the pro-
posed world league was reported to-
night to have won tentative Latin
American acceptance but to lack fin-
al 'Big Five' approval.
The formula, based on preser-
vation of traditional and historic
defense policies such as the Mon-
roe Doctrine and Pan-American
defense policies, won the unani-
mous support of the American del-.
egates to the United Naticas Con-
ference today after they had de-
bated with each other for days. It
apparently bears the approval of
President Truman.
Delegates of Russia, China, Bri-
tain and France spent several hours
with Secretary of State Stettinius
this afternoon and tonight dis-
cussing the U.S. propusal.
Thywere reported to have rec-
ognized two fundamentals on
which the American proposal is
based:
1. That the proposed World Secur-
ity Council shouldsretain supreme
authority over all disputes.
2. That any nation has a right to
make treaties with other nations
providing for its own defense.
'Ike' IS Given Keys;
Made Citizen of Rheims
REIMS, May 12-(P)-Reims, where
the historic surrender of the German
armies took place, made Gen. Eisen-
hower an honorary citizen today and
conferred upon him the golden keys
of the city.

Major Powers Wielded
By Eleven Countries
SAN FRANCISCO, May 12.-(A)-
A United Nations Conference- com-
mittee voted today to keep within
the hands of 11 nations the major
powers of a world organization for
maintaining peace.
,Thus the smaller countries lost
the firt big test of their effort to win
more authority for themselves in
shaping the course of a peaceful
world.
The committee vote was unani-
mous, although seine countries re-
frained from balloting. It's decision
still must be ratified by a Conference
commission, under which it operates,
and by the full Conference.
What the committee approved
today, after two days of heated
argument, was the original pattern
for a Security Council drafted by
the four nations sponsoring the
Conference-China, Britain, Rus-
sia and tfhej Iited States F
These countries, xit~h France,
would have permanent Council seats.
The six remaining seats would be
rotated among other nations at two-
year intervals.
Under the 'Big Four' plan, the
Council would have the p~ower to use
measures not only for peaceful ad-
justment of international disputes,
but also the right to use force of
arms if need be.
Eut employment of military ur
ecnomic sanctions wonld require
the uraniimous vote of all the five
permanent members, in addition
to the votes of two non-permanent
members.
Small nations had come forward
with proposals for a bigger voice in
the Council. Some wanted to in-
crease the number of non-permanent
members to nine or ten.

Several Sips Are
Severely Damaged
Marine Division Enters Capital;
Tenth Army Occupies Tori Island
By The Associated Press
GUAM, May 2, Sunday-American forces destroyed 165 Japanese air-
craft Thursday and Friday but suffered damage to one major fleet unit
and several other surface ships in actions off the. Ryukyus.
On Okinawa, Sixth Marine Division troops entered suburbs of Naha,
capital city on the west coast. Elsewhere, the First Marine and 96th and
77th army divisions made appreciable gains.
Unidentified troops of Lt. Gen. Simon Bolivar Buckner, Jr.'s 10th
U. S. Army occupied Tori Island, approximately 55 miles off Okinawa,
yesterday, Fleet Adm. Chester W.

Nimitz announced in today's com-
munique.
Damaged Wednesday
Cruisers and destroyers, covered by
carrier aircraft, bombarded Minami
Daito, about 200 miles east of Okin-
awa, Thursday. This was at least the
third time Minami Daito has been at-
tacked by surface units or aircraft of
the fleet.
On Wednesday, Vice Adm. Marc A.
Mitscher's fast carriers raided air-
fields and shipping on islands in the
Amami group in the northern Ryu-
kyus. It was in this strike that the
major fleet unit was damaged.
Cost Japs 72 Planes
(A major fleet unit presumably is a
battleship or large carriet.)
This action ranged from the north-
ern Ryukyus to American forces lying
off Okinawa. A total of 72 Japanese
airplanes were destroyed, including
40 over Okinawa. Ships' guns shared
with carrier pilots in downing the
enemy airplanes.
The Amami raid saw Yank pilots
destroying four more Nipponese
planes on the ground in low level at-
tacks and damaging warehouses, in-
stallations and a number of luggers.
The enemy returned to the attack
on American shipping Friday. Al-
though 93 attackers were shot down,
the Japanese managed to damage
"several surface ships," Nimitz re-
ported.
Destroyer Downs 19 Nips
One American destroyer shot down
a total of 19 Japanese planes on this
one-day, meriting mention in Nim-
itz's communique.
Navy search bombers again winged
to the Korea area, sinking a coastal
cargo ship and setting three cargo
ships afire.
a:i d p Del M onte
Air Base Fired
On by Yanks
MANILA, May 13, Sunday-(/P)-
The big Japanese Del Monte airdrome
in north central Mindanao, Philip-
pines, came under the guns of the
U. S. 40th Division Friday, Gen.
Douglas MacArthur announced today,
after the Yanks made a 14-mile ad-
vance from their invasion beachhead.
Elements of Maj. Gen. Rapp
Brush's division, which landed at
Macajalor Bay Thursday and advanc-
ed four miles the first day, pushed
south along Sayre highway, taking
the Alae Road junction and reaching
a point 60 miles from the 31st Divi-
sion which is fighting northward
along the same road.
Skillfuldair support made the work
of the doughboys easy. Thirteenth
Air Force planes fire-bombed the
Japanese positions flanking the road,
driving the enemy back while Yank
infantrymen dashed in and captured
machinegun and mortar fortifica-
tions.
Del Monte is the site of the biggest
pineapple plantation in the Pacific,
outside of Hawaii, and has been de-
veloped into a formidable air base
by the Japanese.

Army Still To
Fix Procedure
For Furloughs
Congress Confident of
Military Leadership
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON, May 12 - The
House Military committee turned
thumbs down today on proposals that
Congress determine furlough 'pro-
cedure for veterans of the European
war.
Chairman May (D.-Ky.) announc-
ed that the committee would not con-
sider legislation dealing with the sub-
ject at this time and told reporters:
Army To Be Judge
"We are not going 'to interfere with
operations of the army. Who shall
be furloughed and how they shall be
furloughed is a matter for the army's
leaders to determine,and on the basis
of their record in defeating Ger-
many, I believe we can have cinfi-
dence in them."
May said the decision to pigeonhole
the legislation applied not only to
the most recent proposal, introduced
yesterday by Rep. Smith (R.-Wis.),
but "to all similar bills."
Smith's bill would make it man-
datory that men who have served
at least one year in the European
theater of operations be returned to
the continental United States or to
Hawaii-if the serviceman so elects-
and furloughed for not less than 30
days.
European Service
The length of the furlough would
depend on total length of European
service, with the minimum 30-day
period being increased by one day for
each month of European service up
to 15.
Under its provisions, a man with 12
months of European theater service
would be entitled to a 42-day fur-
lough.
Committee members said the Smith
proposal would prohibit the use of
seasoned fighting men in the occupa-
tion forces, since it would make the
return of 12-months men mandatory
inless the individuals waived its pro-
visions.
Hooper Murder
Plot Admitted
Ex-Convicts' ' Testiony
Involves Purple Gang
BATTLE CREEK, Mich., May 12.-
'A)-The story of a cold-blooded plot
to kill the late Senator Warren G.
Hooper ofuAlbion was unrolled in
ustice court here today by two of
The prosecution's star witnesses, ex-
convicts who impassively admitted
they agreed to "do the job" for $2,500
%piece.
Then the two, Henry (Heinie)
Luks of Lansing and Sam Abramow-
itz of Detroit, asserted they were
asked to commit the murder by Har-
ry Fleischer and Mike Selik, de-
scribed by police as former members
>f Detroit's Purple Gang. The latter
;wo and Sam Fleischer, Harry's bro-
them, and Pete Mahoney are charged
with conspiracy to arrange the mur-
der.
Their examination before justice
of the peace W. H. Bibbings ad-
journed until Monday morning mid-
way in Abramowitz's detailed story
of two trips to Albion.
Abramowit'z, the state's star wit-
ness, said: "I was approached to go
to Albion and kill someone down
there."

i

NICHOL S' GIFT TO UNIVERSITY:
Author of Cowbo Stories Founded Arb

By ANITA FRANZ
February 19 could well be proclaim-
ed University Arboretum Day.
This day might be observed not be-
cause it is necessary to set aside a
special occasion for nature lovers to
imbibe with the flora and fauna of the
Erhnnfii hit hR'.A.IR this, is, the

Esther Blanche Connor, class of '94,
donated to the University one-third
of the land, trees, gravel and pollen-
seed that is now affectionately refer-
red to as the "Arb."
Another third was donated by the
Detroit Edison Company, which prob-
ahl pnlains why the Arhoretum re-

fuse" and "pick no lilacs, please."
Most of us are familiar with the
Arboretum, having fallen into the
habit of spending Sunday mornings
treking over the mighty hills which
lead to its portals. Those of us who
have explored the 90 acres have view-
ed the 2,000 different species and va-

tory of the Arboretum? We learn
from the plaque at the Geddes street
gate that the gift was made in 1907
"To the Regents of the University
for the use of the University and the
schools of Ann Arbor." But few people
know that in 1907 the territory was
called the Botanical Garden, and was

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