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May 05, 1945 - Image 2

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_ _

p Li teraIpu it a
FiftylFifth Yea

Opening Sessions Solemn

Edited and managed by students of the University of
Miclhigan under the authority of the Board in Control
of Student Publications.

Evelyn Phillips
Margaret Farmer
Ray Dixon .
Paul Sislin
Hank Mantho
Dave Loewenberg
Mavis Kennedy
Ann Schutz
Dick Strickland
Martha Schmitt
Kay McFee

Editorial Staff
. . . . Managing Editor
. . . . Editorial Director
. . . . . . City Editor
Associate Editor
. . . . Sports Editor
. Associate Sports Editor
. + Women's Editor
. . Associate Women's Editor
Business Staff
. . . Business Manager
. . . Associate Business Mgr.
. . . Associate Business 14gr.

Telephone 23-24-1
Member of The Associated Press
The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the use
for re-publication of all news dispatches credited to it or
otherwise credited in this newspaper. All rights of re-
publication of all other matters herein also reserved.
Entered.at the Post Office at Ann Arbor, Michigan, as
second-class mail matter.
Subscriptions during the regular school year by car-
rier, $4.50, by mail, $525.
Member, Associated Collegiate Press, 1944-45
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
11OPES for a bloodless liberation of Norway and
Denmark seem doomed to disappointment.
Although Dr. Werner Best, Himmer's man in
Denmark, has been reported toying with a plan
to evacuate the country, military commanders
in these two Nazi occupied countries have called
on their troops for a fight to the end under
Admiral Doenitz, self-announced successor to
Adolf Hitler.
The Nazi defensive armor in the Scandinavian
countries has always been relatively weak, al-
though the Germans established coastal forti-
fications on the west coast of Jutland. It is
significant to note, however, that Norway and
Denmark alone remain completely under the
Nazi yoke and it is possible that ranking officials
may have planned on withdrawing to a northern
hideout. All such plans have been killed, how-
ever, by the British-Russian juncture on the
Elbe, north of the fallen city of Berlin. With
Nazi garrisons to the north cut off, it is now
probable that German surrender in that area
is forthcoming. In any event it is not likely
to be the scene of a heavy battle and will prob-
ably fall into Allied hands with relatively little
bloodshed, despite Doeritz' plea of a few days
The liberation of these areas would open
the Baltic and provide a valuable sea lane
to the Russian troops in Latvia and Estonia
and Denmark's flat topography could very
well serve as an effective base of operations
against persistent resistance in southern Ger-
-Alice Jorgensen
Russia and Japan
STALIN and Russia celebrated on May Day,
when Moscow's blackout was lifted for the
first time since the start of the war. The Mar-
shal stood on Lenin's red marble tomb and led
the Soviet Union in one of the greatest demon-
strations in the 27-year-old history of the Soviet
Thousands of men, tanks, guns, and armored
cars paraded by, while planes roared above in
accompaniment to a 1,200 piece band. Russia
was happy and excited.
The people were joyous because they expect
the war to end soon, and Gen. Alexei Antonov,
chief of staff, declared that "for the first time
in this war, our motherland is completely and
forever cleared" (of the eneny).
Waching with the rest of the crowd was
Eduard Herriot, former French president, who
was recently released from a German prison
camp by the Russians.
Ironically enough, someone else was also
watching: The Japanese ambassador to Mos-
cow, together with his staff. We wonder what
they were celebrating-or, better yet, if they
were celebrating. g -Betty Ann Larsen
0NLY a small segment of the world mourned
the death of Adolf Hitler-that segment
which regretted the passing of the leader of

SAN FRANCISCO-San Francisco down by
the waterfront where ships sail in from the
Pacific, a long line of hospital trains wait in the
railroad yards. Large red crosses are painted
on the side of each car. Uniformed nurses are
inside. Silently, carefully, the cars are shunted
alongside incoming ships, ships from Okinawa,
Saipan and Guam, bringing the wounded home.
Almost every day they come in and are
rolled out, noiselessly, tenderly, boys who will
never fight again, some boys who will never
work again, all boys who hone there will be
no war again.
A mile or so away from the waterfront, sit
the representatives of 46 nations trying to make
that hope come true. It is a conference which
the world has awaited so eagerly; for which the
State Department has planned so carefully.
Fifty officials are here oiling the diplomatic
machinery. An unlimited budget has been at
their disposal. The city of San Francisco has
thrown all its hospitable energy into rooting for
the conference.
Yet it got off to a discouraging start. There
has been something lacking-no spark, no con-
tagious enthusiasm, no great personality to
lift things out of the doldrums of diplomatic
Perhaps it was the absence of that magic
personality, which even in his old age and ill-
health, could inspire an assemblage to the
heights of achievement. Perhaps it was the
lack of a great, dynamic ieader. At any rate
the early sessions featured the same cut-and-
dried formal futility as the frock-coated diplo-
mats who mourned the League of Nations to
death at Geneva.
Rio Enthusiasm.. ...
rfHREE YEARS ago at Rio de Janeiro, another
conference was. held of American foreign
ministers to solidify the New World against at-
tack. There, nothing hinged on stiff-necked
formality. Instead of three solemn speeches-
as in San Francisco-dolefully opening the con-
ference, any Rio delegate might take the floor
and say what he thought.
Nobody cared about lunch. Nobody cared
about the Rio reception scheduled for the late
afternoon. Nobody cared about the heat. The
conference was carried away with its own en-
thusiasm; with its own anxiety to achieve.
At San Francisco-how different. No dele-
gate had a chance to speak at the opening
session. He could not pour out to his col-
leagues his hopes and dreams for future peace.
He could only sit and listen-listen to the
solemn, carefully modulated voice of the far-
distant President, listen to the perfunctory
speeches of welcome reeled off by local offi-
It had the atmosphere of an undertaker's
parlor; or perhaps a U. S. Steel Corporation
directors' meeting over which Ed Stettinius
once presided. Instead it was suppos'ed to be
a conference carrying with it the hopes, the
ideals, the future of mankind.
Meanwhile, from incoming transports, cots
laden with woundedmen were loaded on hospital
trains to roll away quietly-almost as if they
did not wish to disturb the solemn serenity
of the delegates by injecting any unpleasant
reminder of war.
From West to East --.-
THE' ARMY is working today on a new film to
accompany "two down and one to go," a
movie already prepared to help explain to war-
weary G. L's the reason they must pack up
their kits in Europe and go on to fight anothe
war in the Pacific. The two films are intended
to bolster morale, now considered far more im-
portant than the actual physical 'problem of
transfer to the Orient.
"Greatest problem after the victory in Eu-
Vets Participate
T HAS often been said in recent months that
the members of the armed forces, who are
winning this war, should have some share in
planning the coming peace. But not much defi-
nite and constructive has been done towards

achieving this. There has been much talk, but
little action.
Now, however, a forward step has been
made, by Commander Harold E. Stassen, a
Republican chosen by Roosevelt as one of the
United States delegates to the San Francisco
conference. Commander Stassen, an Associat-
ed Press correspondent reported, has chosen
two wounded ex-servicemen to help him pres-
ent the feelings and views of men who have
seen combat.
If the veterans are to have a place at the'
peace table, the problem of choosing the dele-
gates would indeed be a difficult one, Those
Commander Stassen has chosen as his aides are
young-20 and 24-and educated. Sgt. John
Thompson of the Army was a student of criminal
pathology at Harvard, while Lt. Cloyd Meyer of.
the Marines studied law at Yale. Stassen, him-
self an idealist but far from starry-eyed, expects
to listen to their ideas a great deal.
This is a step in the right direction toward
a greater participation of servicemen in plan-
ning the peace. --Frances Paine

rope," according to Colonel William Mennin-
ger, world-famed chief of the Army psychia-
trists, "will be that of persuading combat vet-
erans who have completed one job to pack up
and go on to another war in the Pacific." Ile
anticipates a heavy rate of AWOL's.
This is the major reason that members of the
Senate Military Affairs Committee argued last
month against giving GI's on their way from
Europe to the Pacific a 30-day leave at home.
They are afraid civilign members of the soldiers'
family will encourage them to defy orders to
go on to the Pacific.
Army men whose morale is impaired but who
are not actual neurotics will be pushed over the
borderline by the Pacific transfer, Colonel Men-
ninger fears, although he believes most reas-
onably well-adjusted men will be able to take
the orders in their stride.
Excessive celebration here of the V-E day
announcement will make the Pacific assign-
ment a particularly hard thing for European
battle vets to accept, he warns.
(Copyright, 1945, by the Bell Syndicate, Inc.)
No Revolution
T IS NOT without significance that Mussolini
was killed by Partisans, while Hitler's death,
if he is dead, was an official affair, attended, on
invitation only, by a few members of the inner
governmental circle. Mussolini was killed by
men who'hated fascism; while Hi-tler's death,
or the report of it, was used to keep fascism
There is so little revolutionary spirit in Ger-
many that even the death of the dictator is used
to bolster the dictatorship. It takes place, con-
veniently, only as an act of assistance to the
regime, not a blow against it.
There has' been no real sign of upsurge in
Germany at all. The reported "civil war" in
southern Germany seems to evaporate mysteri-
ously as our troops approach the areas in
which it is supposed to be raging. And it is
very late. Any revolutionary action now would
be a dance after the ball is over; it was too
late weeks ago for revolution in Germany to
have real meaning, as an act of assistance to
the allies, as an act to shorten the war.
The total absence of anything which could
be called revolutionary action in Germany is
really one of the most startling facts in the
history of the world. Nothing quite like this
has ever happened before. At most, there have
been only sheep-like desertions by soldiers; not
mutiny, just cut-and-run. Our reporters in the
captured cities have been sickened by a certain
groveling German smile; it has not been a
smile of friendship for us, but something like
the nervous smirk which pupils in a reform-
atory might turn upon a new headmaster. Aside
from some rather small scale underground act-
ivity in Munich, the most positive manifesta-
tions so far have been interruptions of official
German radio speeches by a "ghost voice," utter-
ing feeble japes, and giving no direction to the
people. You don't make a revolution with jokes
over the radio.
One feels the curious, thin, two-dimensional
quality of the German state, in watching the
efforts it has made to trot out a new govern-
ment. It substitutes an Admiral Doenitz for
a Hitler; i.e., all it can do is bring forth a less
important Nazi. If Doenitz won't do, the Ger-
mans will find a still less important Nazi, but
they cannot make any change in kind, either
from the bottom or from the top.
What a valuable national possession to the
Germans now even a third-rate truce union lead-
er would be, or an uncompromised college pro-
fessor! One such would be worth his weight in
diamonds in dealing with us. But there seems
no one of the sort available, and one senses,
suddenly, that Hitler's greatest victory has been
his victory over the German nation, and that
we are dealing with a disintegrated people.
There is almost nothing there to work with.
Even Italy, with its many political parties, and
its furious Partisan activity, seems bursting with
political health, compared with Germany. We

are dealing with a very sick thing in the Reich;.
a patient which has shown no signs of ability
to recuperate, or even a desire to recuperate.
That is what soft peace advocates fail to under-
stand; and their proposals that we be gentle with
the Germans in order to encourage them, are
like an effort to make a dying man spring out
of his bed by holding a piece of candy in
front of him.
It is not going to be that easy; it is going
to take time; during that time Germans must
be put to work to rebuild what they have
destroyed, for they can do day-work if noth-
ing else; until at last the reintegrative process
starts, and Germans suddenly look at each
other and ask: How did we get here? What
did we do wrong to end up so? One thinks
of the hospital wards in which emotionally
shattered soldiers try to work with their
hands, and one can make no better prescrip-
tion for Germany than occupational therapy
until she can think again.
{Copyright. 1945, N. Y. Post Syndicate)

a gra t uate Wili '1 t 0t*' S oa . 'l' '1) L t(7
standing from an ai edIed ig Ilj
school . , To the Members of the Faculty,
College of Literature, Science, and
the Arts: The May meeting of the
Faculty of the College of Literature,
&I ~Science and the Arts for the aca-
demic year 1944-45 will be held Mon-
day, May 7, 1945; at 3:10 p.m. in Rm.
1025 Angell Hall.
The reports of the various commit-
ILL Auditorium was filled to ca- Itees have been prepared in advance
pacity last 'night when Eugene and are included with this call tc
Ormandy directed the Philadelphia the meeting. They should be re-
Symphony Orchestra in the second tained in your files as part of the
minutes of the May meeting.
May Festival concert of the season. hayward Keniston
The first half of the All-Ameri- Agenda
G1. Consideration of the minutes of
can program was devoted to rep- the meeting of April 2, 1945, (pp
resentative works of two compara- 1163 to 1167) which were distributed
tively young composers. Paul Cres- by campus mail.
tcu's "Chant of 1942", to which the 2. Consideration of reports submit-
orchestra lent itself admirably, was I ted with the call to this meeting
a. Executive Committee--- Professo.
the first offering. It opened the F. E. Bartell. b. University Council--
way for a night of overwork for the Professor L. L. Rich. c. Executive
brass and horn players. The fore-" Board of the Graduate School--Pro-
boding sections portrayed by these fessor I. A. Leonard. d. Senate Advis-
ory Committee on University Affairs
performers were effective. --Professor A. H. Marckwardt. e.
William Schuman's Secular Can- Deans' Conference--- Dean Hayward
tata No. 2 for Chorus and OrchestraK 3. New Business.
"A Free Song", gave Hardin Van 4. Announcements.
Deumsen and the University Choral_
Union an opportunity to display their University Council: The May meet-
talents. The work failed in produc- ing of the University Council has
ing its effect due to the sluggish been cancelled.
quality of the chorus. The indecisive is A. Hopkins, Secretary
attacks of each group resulted in an o

I _\_
V . 5Pvhlie Health Serai~e
i 'd'ral Seca-*it.Ag'e
If you are between the ages of 17
or 18 and )0, in good health, and

VOL. LV, No. 139
Publication in the Daily Official Bul-
letin is constructive notice to all mem-
bers of the niversity. Notices for the
Bualletin should he sent in typewritten
form to the Assistant to the President,
1021 Angell Hall, by 2:30 p. in. of the day
preceding publication (10:30 a. m. Sat-


absence of independence of vocal
line and, at the same time, a loss of
polyphonic unity.
The impatient audience was fin-
ally relieved of its anxiety when Os-
car Levant appeared on the stage.
Needless to say, Mr. Levant was the
star of the evening. It imust be ad-
mitted that he is definitely an artist
in his field. His natural tolent for
virtuosity in the jazz idiom is dazz-
ling. The intricate rhythms set forth
in the two Gershwin compositions
that were performed left everyone
The reading of the Cencerto in
F by the orchestra did n)t reach
the standard attained in the Rhap-
sody in Blue. It seemed That Mr.
Ormandy and the orchestra failed
to capture the nostalgic beauty of
the first mevement. Th.- second
movement lacked the spontaneity
that is demanded by the improvis-
atory solos of the horn and brass
instroments. But the third move-
ment was indicative of what the
crehestra could really do-such as
was demonstrated in the Rhapsody
in Blue. The orchestra terminated
this American concert in the style
of George Gershwin. The clarinet
howled and the trumpets cried in
such t . -Aashion that evn our top
not eh jazz virtuosos would have
turned green with professional jea-
Unable to leave his enthusiastic
audience without at least one encore,
Mr. Levant obligingly performed two
of Gershwin's most popular Preludes.
-Kay Engel
WHEN Representative Clare Hoff-
man comes up for re-election in
1947 Michigan voters would do well
to remember his stand on the Fair
Employment Practices bill.
The Detroit News Tuesday quoted
him as saying: "It is evident that
there is the additional desire and
purpose to prohibit discrimination in
social intercourse in education, in
business as well." The bill seeks
merely to prohibit discrimination in
employment because of race, color or
It is legitimate to point out that
discrimination is basic to fascism
and we are fighting a world war to
defeat fascism. Of course the Fair
Employment Practices Bill seeks to
prohibit discrimination-discrimi-
nation in employment is the first
step and it is hoped that ultimate-
ly discrimination in social inter-
course, in education, and business
will be wiped out.
This is part of the home front fight .
against fascism and the fascists.
-Betty Roth

Girls interested in Summer Camp
Counseling call 2-2581.
Juniors in Chemistry, Physics,
Chemical or Mechanical Engineering
interested in summer work with du
Pont and Company may obtain fur-
ther information and application
blanks at the Bureau of Appoint-
ments, Rm. 201, Masonn all. Both
men and women will be considered.
State of Michigan Civil Service
Announcement for the following ex-
aminations have been received in our
office. Institution Dentist fII, $287.50
to $280 per month, Forester II, $230
to $270 per month, Gasoline Tax In-
vestigator I, $180 to $220 per month,
Calculating Machine Clerk B, $132.25
to $145 per month. Calculating Ma-
chine Clerk B, $132.25 to $145 per
month, and Telephone Operator CI,
$115 to $130 per month. For further
information stop in at 201 Mason
Hall, Bureau of Appointments.
University Lecture: Dr. Chiang
Monlin, President of the Provisional
National University of China, will
speak on "Recent Political Develop-
ments in China", on Monday, May 7,
at 7 p.m. in the Rackham Amphi-
theater, under the auspices of the
Department of Oriental Languages
and Literatures. The public is cor-
dially invited.
Academic Notices
Graduate Students: A list of stu-
dents expecting master's degrees in
June has been posted in the Gradu-
ate School office. Each student is
requested to check whether his name
is listed properly with the correct de-
gree and department indicated.
Attention Engineering Faculty:
Ten-week reports on standings of all
civilian Engineering freshmen and
all Navy and Marine students in
Terms 1, 2, 3 and 4 of the Prescribed
Curriculum are due May 12. Report
blanks will be furnished by campus
mail and are to be returned to Dear.
Crawford's Office, Rm. 255, W. Eng.
Attention Engineering Faculty:
Ten-week reports below C of all Navy
and Marine students who are not in
the Prescribed Curriculum; also foi
those in Terms 5 and 6 in thie Pre-
scribed Curriculum are toebe turner
in to Dean Emmons' Office, Rm. 259
W. Eng. Bldg., not later than May 12
Report cards may be obtained from
your departmental office.
English II, Section 9: Assignment
for pages 124-166 of "Lincoln Stef-
fens' Autobiography". Be prepared
either to discuss the entire assign-
ment or to write on some aspect of it
May Festival Concerts. To avoid
confusion and embarrassment, the
sympathetic co-operation of Festival

ing intermission are required to pre-
sent door checks for re-admission.
Parking regulations will be en-
forced by the Ann Arbor Police De-
The several concerts will take place
as follows:
Saturday, May 5, 2:30 E.W.T. (1:30
C.W.T.) -Zino Francescatti, violinist;
Festival Youth Chorus; Paul Leyssac;
narrator; Philadelphia Orchestra;
Saul Caston and Marguerite Hood,
Saturday, May 5, 8:30 E.W.T. (7:30
C.W.T.-Bidu Sayao, soprano; Rosa-
lind Nadell, contralto; Women's
Chorus of the Choral Union; Saul
Caston and Hardin Van Deursen,
Sunday, May 6, 2:30 E.W.T. (1:30
C.W.T.) - Rudolf Serkin, pianist;
Philadelphia Orchestra; Eugene Or-
mandy, conductor.
Sunday, May 6, 8:30 E.W.T. (7:30
C.W.T.) - Eleanor Steber, soprano;
Hertha Glaz, contralto; Frederick
Jagel, tenor; Nicola Moscona, bass;
University Choral Union; Philadel-
phia Orchestra; Eugene Ormandy
and Hardin Van Deursen, conductors.
Sixteenth Annual Exhibition of
Sculpture of the Institute of Fine
Arts: In the Concourse-of the Michi-
yan League Building.CDisplay will be
on view daily until Commcr cement.
Events Tody
Lurcheon Discussion: There will
be a Lane Hall luncheon-discussion
at 11:15 this moi'ning. Nancy Rich-
ter will review a part of Myrdal's
"An American Dilemma"; group dis-
cussion will follow. Meeting will be
over in time foi' afternoon concert.
Make reservations for lunch at the
Lane Hall main desk. Everyone wel-
Society of Women Engineers: There
will be a meeting this afternoon at
1 p.m. in the League.
- Open House: The weekly Lane Hall
Open House will be held tonight at
6:30 p.m. and all campus is cordially
Dance and Refreshmnents at the
USO tonigit ats7:30.
Coming Events
A.I.Ch.E.: There will be a meeting
of the A.I.Ch.E. on Tuesday May 8
at 6:30 p.m. Rm. 3205 East Engin-
eering. All Chem. and Met. Engin-
eers are invited to attend.
Prof. G. G. Brown will speak on
"High Pressure Gas Fields".
Refreshments will be served.
Workshop on Anti-Semitism: Mr.
Abraham Cohen, Internal Relations
Director of the Detroit Jewish Com-
munity Council, will lead the Work-
shop in a discussion of the topic,
"Zionism: a Solution to Anti-Semi-
tism?" at 6:30 p.m. (CWT) on Mon-
day,. May 7 at the Hillel Foundation.
All interested people are invited.
The Women's Research Club will
meet Monday, May 7, at 7 p.m. in
the West Lecture Room of Rackham
Building. Miss Helen Foster, Teach-
ing Fellow in Geology, will give an
illustrated talk on "Landslides in. the
Gros Ventre River Valley, Wyoming".
First Church of Christ, Scientist:
409 S. Division St.'Wednesday eve-
ning service at 8 p.m. Sunday morn-
ing service at 10:30 a.m. Subject
"Everlasting Punishment". Sunday
school at 11:45 a.m. A special read-
ing room is maintained by this
church at 706 Wolverine Bldg., Wash-
ington at Fourth, where the Bible,

also the Christian Science Textbook,
"Science and Health with Key to the
Scriptures" and other writings by
Mary Baker Eddy may be read, bor-
rowed or purchased. Open daily ex-
cept Sundays and holidays from
11:30 a.m. to 5 p.m.
Grace Bible Fellowship: Masonic
Temple, 327 S. Fourth Ave. Harold
J. DeViries, Pastor. 9 a.m., University
Bible Class, Ted Groesbeck, leader.
10 a.m., Morning Worship service.
Sermon by the pastor: "Formula for
Advance". 5:15 p.m., "The Bible
Hour" broadcast over WPAG. 5:45
p.m., Youth Forum. 6:30 p.m., Eve-
ning service. Dr. Kenneth L. Pike,
from Mexico, will speak.
First Baptist Church: 512 E. Hur-
on. Roger Williams Guild House, 502
E. Huron. Saturday at 8:30, the
Guild will hold Open House. Those
who attend the Choral Union Con-
cert are invited to come to the Guild
House afterwards for fellowship and
efreshments. Sunday morning, Stu-
dy class in the Guild House at 9.
Morning worship at 10. Rev. Loucks
wvill have as his topic "Help Wanted".
In the evening, the Guild will have a
5 o'clock supper and informal gath-
ering between the May Festival con-








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