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May 02, 1945 - Image 1

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Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1945-05-02

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I

Kr tgau

.

WEATHER
Cloudy with Showers

VOL. LV, No. 136 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN WEDNESDAY, MAY 2, 1945

FUEHRER ISDE

DI
*

BERLI

GER

SS

Y

*

*

*

Yanks Capture Hitler's Birthplace

A Fascis
Moscow

Trick,'

Declares

* * *

41)

German Hold
Weakens in
Capital City
14,000 Nazis Give Up;
Redls Overrun Berlin
LONDON, Wednesday, May 2.-(A')
-German resistance in the heart of
ruined Berlin neared total collapse
today as 14,00 fanatical Nazi die-.
hards surrendered to the Red Army
yesterday after reportedly losing
their leader, Adolf Hitler.
.Moscow's nightly war bulletin an-
nounced last night that Soviet troops
had overrun more than 100 blocks of
buildings in the city's administrative
core as they smashed toward the
Reichschancellery and the Germans'
underground fortress in the Tier-
garten.
Charlottenburg Cleared
The Soviet High Command did not
announced the capture of any spe-
cific buildings in Berlin's center and
it was not known whether the Rus-
sians had reached the Reichschan-
cellery, where the Hamburg radio
asserted Hitler had died in the after-
noon.
Soviet assault troops also cleared
the city districts of Charottenburg
and Schoeneberg.
Some days ago the Russians said
they believed -that Hitler had fled
Berlin, probably leaving a double who
would die "heroically", and be found
amid the ruins of the Nazi capital.
Last Ditch Defenders
Earlier, the Nazi high command
had said that the fanatical last-ditch
defenders were huddld around Hit-
ler; in the underground fortress in
the Tiergarten, which reportedly is
iked to the Reihsckhancelery.
Premier Stalin, 'wo issued three
orders of the day, did not announce
any new developmnents in the savage
11-day battle for Berlin, but his third
order told of the capture of Bohumin,
Velka-Bytca, Cadca, Grystat and
Skocov in the Carpathian zone of
Czechoslovakia by Gen. Andre I.
Yeremenko's Fourth Ukrainian Army.
Pinza.To Open
May Festival
Concert Series
Orchestral selections by Weber,
Haydn and Strauss, and vocal arias
by Ezio Pinza, glamorous Metropoli-
tan basso, will highlight the first
concert of the fifty-second annual
May Festival series at 8:30 p.m. EsWT
(7:v30 p.m. CWT) tomorrow in Hill
Auditorium.
Participating in all Festival pro-
grams for the tenth consecutive year,
the Philadelphia Orchestra will open
tomorrow's concert with the Over-
ture to "Der Freischutz" by Weber,
Haydn's "Symphony No. 88 in G
major" and Suite from Strauss' "Der
Rosenkavalier".
Pinza, who is known as "the great-
est singing actor of his generation,"
is in his nineteenth season at the
Met., as preeminent basso of his
time. He has the record of having
sung more opening night performan-
ces than any other of the company's
stars, except Caruso, and was selec-
ted as star of Moussorgsky's one-man
opera, "Boris Godounoff", for the
opening night of the' Met.'s recent
Diamond Jubilee.
The monologue, farewell and death
scene from the opera which Pinza
will perform at the Festival 'concert
represnt some of the most poignant
operatic literature of any race. Pinza,
making his Metropolitan debut in
1926, the famed basso has been heard
by audiences from coast to coast.

CAMPUS EVENTS
Today French play, "Ces Dames
aux Chapeaux Verts" will
be shown at 8:30 p. m.
EWT in the Lydia Men-
delssohn Theatre.
Today Ruthven tea will be held
from 4-6 p. m. EWT in
the president's home.
May 3. First concert of the May
Festival will be held at

Third Army
Tank Forces
Reach lraunwL
Patton Nears Russians;
Southern Trap Closes
By The Associated Press
PARIS, Wednesday, May 2.-Brau-
nau, quaint little Austrian town
where Adolf Hitler was born 56 years
ago, was captured last night by U.S.
Third Army tanks justasthe Ger-
man radio was telling the world that
the Nazi fuehrer was dead.
Contact with Russians
A field dispatch said Gen. Patton's
forces had established radio contact
with Russian columns pounding west-
ward from Vienna and that the two
armies were probably less than 40
miles from a junction which would
trap all Germans in Czechoslovakia
and isolate Nazi forces in the Alpine
redoubt below Munich.
The broadcast report of Hitler's
death brought no comment from
Gen. Eisenhower, whose several mil-
lion fighting men had crushed the
Nazi foe on the battlefields of France,
Belgium, Holland and Germany and
broken into the sanctuary of his
long-planned southern redoubt.
30 Miles from Salzburg
Units of the 13th Armored Division
which hammered to the Braunau
area on the German-Austrian border
were only 30 miles from Salzburg,
eastern rampart of the Nazi south-
ern stronghold, and 44 miles from
Berchtesgaden.
The Third Army-called by field
correspondents the "General Patton
Express"-plunged forward along a
100-mile front.'
Lt.-Gen. Alexander N. Patch's Sev-
enth Army, fired to new peaks of
fighting fury by the evidences of
Nazi barbarism unfolding before them
in the vicinity of captured Munich,
smashed on beyond that city to with-
in ten miles of Innsbruck in Austria
and within 15 miles of the northern
gateway to the Brenner Pass through
the Aps.
Southern Germany Overrun
All of southern Germany was over-
run except the southeast corner of
Bvaria.
Hailing the capture of Munich,
Germany's third largest city, Gen.
Eisenhower asserted in a rare order
of the day that "the whole AEF con-
gratulates the Seventh Army on the
seizure of Munich, the cradle of the
Nazi beast."
CIUrchl lHihnts
Big News Will
develop Soon
By The Associated Press
LONDON, May 1.-Prime Minister
Churchill told the House of Com-
mons today that he might have "in-
formation of importance" to impart
before Saturday, but disappointed
hopes that he would clarify imme-
diately the prospects of peace in
Europe.
Never once using the word "peace",
Churchill told an expectant House
that "should information of impor-
tance reach his majesty's govern-
ment during the four days of our
sitting this week as it might do-I
will ask the speaker's permission to
ask the indulgence of the House to
interrupt the business and make a
brief announcement."

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REACTIONS:
City Doubts
Death Of
Nazi Chief
By PHIL ELKUS
Campus and city reaction to the
news of Adolf Hitler's death was that
of disbelief as to the truth of the
reports. At the Union, students were
at first amazed by the news, then
doubted if the reports were authen-
tic.
Professors asked for comment ex-
pressed the same doubt. Prof. Henry
W. Nordmeyer, of the German de-
partment, summed up the situation
by saying, "I would not believe it be-
fore people see the body . . . Hitler
might have gone into hiding. It
would be a pity if Hitler became a
martyr in the eyes of the German
people."
Keniston Comments
"I have the satisfaction that all
decent people must feel," said Dr.
Hayward Keniston, dean of the Col-
lege of Literature, Science and the
Arts.
Prof. A. J. Gaiss, of the German
department, said, "He should have
been punished. I believe that Hitler
exposed himself to avoid being pun-
ished and wanted to die a martyr's
death."
"This is the first time that Hitler
has fulfilled his promise. He said
that he would die with his troops
and he did," said Prof. Louis C. Kr-
pinski, of the Mathematics depart-
ment.
'Most Incredible Man'
"The mystery of his success is too
great for us to understand because
he was the most incredible man the
world has ever known. Future gen-
erations will regard him with more
horror than we did," he added.
Prof. Dwight L. Dumond, of the
History department, summed up the
whole situation by saying, "It's a
good thing . .."
Continued Price
Controls Urged
Trumian Tells Nation
Tfo Double War Effort
WASHINGTON, May 1.- (IP)-
President Truman moved today to
head off celebrations when V-E Day
comes, to continue price and ration
controls and to concentrate the na-
tion's energy on the war against
Japan.
In rapid-fire sequence, the Press-
dent:
1. Disclosed that lie will make a
radio speech on V-E Day asking
the people to refrain from celebra-
tions and continue in their war
jobs.
2. Vigorously defended OPA Ad-
ministrator Chester Bowles from a
recent storm of criticism, and asked
a one-year extension of the price
and ration control law, which ex-
pires June 30.
3. Appealed to key personnel of
wartime government agencies to
stick to their posts until "the ship of.
state is safe in the harbor again."

Admiral Doenitz States He Will Rule
Reich as Leader Appointed by Fuehrer
By The Associated Press
LONDON, May 2, Wednesday-The Hamburg Nazi radio said last
night that Adolf Hitler died yesterday afternoon in Berlin.
The announcement said he had been succeeded by Admiral Karl
Doenitz, his personal choice to command the German nation.
The official Moscow Radio this morning called the German broad-
cast "a new Fascist trick," by which "the German Fascists evidently hope
to prepare for Hitler the possibility of disappearing from the scene and
going to an underground position."
At the British Foreign Office, however, the report of Hitler's death
-but not necessarily of the place or manner-was accepted as true.

Doenitz broadcast a proclamations
and an order of the day pledging
continuance of the war and de-
manding the same loyalty as pre-
viously sworn to Hitler.

v

Internationally known Duke El-
lington and his band will be in Ann
Arbor Friday, June 1, for an all-
campus Senior Ball swing session at
the I-M Building.
Ticket sales for the formal dance
Ces Dames' To
Be Given Today
The Cercle Francais will present'
Albert Acremant's comedy, "Ces
Dames aux Chapeaux Verts" at 8:30
p. m. EWT (7:30 p. m. CWT) today
in the Lydia Mendelssohn Theatre.
The play is under the direction of
Prof. Charles E. Koella of the Ro-
mance Language Department. Mark-
ing the 39th consecutive year that
the Cercle Francais has presented an
annual French play, the all-student
cast is headed by Evangeline Shempp
in the role of Arlette, a Parisian or-
phan, who goes to live with her four
old maid cousins.
The eldest of the four sisters, dom-
ineering Telcide, is played by Shirley
Schwartz. Helen Dickinson portrays
studious Jeanne; Martha Sanders has
the role of health-conscious Rosalie;
and Pamela Wrinch plays the senti-
mental Marie, youngest of the old
maids.

will be held from 9 a.m. to 3 p.m.
EWT (8 a.m. to 2 p.m. CWT) today.
tomorrow and Friday at the Union
Travel Desk. Further sales schedules
will be announced later.
"The Duke" has been making mus-
ical history since the day he and his
five-piece band opened at a litle
Harlem night spot called the Ken-
tucky Club. Since then iehas toured
the United States and Europe and
has received ovations from the
world's leading musicians.eHehas
been serenaded by a 40-piece brass
band in Sweden and toasted by the
Prince of Wales. The Prince is reput-
ed to have the finest collection of
Ellington records in Europe.
Constant traveling has not pre-
vented Ellington from becoming a
prolific composer of classic,. jazz
known to millions. His writing has
been done on trains, buses and steam-
ships. On one occasion the band
traveled on an all-night bus trip
from Pennsylvania to Nw York to
make a recording of a new number.
Ellington wrote the music by the
light of an endless succession of
matches struck for him by the band's
manager.
Some of the tunes which have be-
come dateless all-time hits are "Soli-
tde", "Sophisticated Lady", "I Let a
Song Go Out of My Heart", and
"Mood Indigo".

ADOLF HITLER
.. . iis body is missing.
"It is reported from the Fuehrer's
headquarters that our Fuehrer Adolf
Hitler, fighting to the last breath
against bolshevism, fell for Germany
this afternoon in his operational
headquarters in the Reich Chancel,
Bold Doettitz
Rises To Dfictate
fint, woYears
By TIhe.Associated Press
bold andI ruthless Grand Admiral
Karl Docnitz of the German navy,
who now claims leadership of the
b las.ted Nazi regime, has risen. witi i
two years to a post of highest powerI
in the Reich.
Never known as an ardent Nazi, he
has been ore of asnmall clique that
stood steadfast at Hitler's side. Doe-
nitz's constant exhortation was re-
ported to be, "Kill, kill, kill!"
London sources viewed his assump-
tion of power as evidence of a row
among top-ranking Nazis.
Brought to the high command on
Jan. 30, 1943, succeeding Grand Ad-
miral Erich Raeder, Doenitz lost no
time asserting his authority. When
the abortive plot on Hitler's life last
July failed, Doenitz was one of the
leaders in a purge of suspected con-
spirators.
The Admiral publicly assailed what
he termed "the most dastardly trea-
chery against the Fuehrer and the
German people" and pledged that
the navy remained "ready to do or
die".

lery," said the German-language an-
nouncement recorded in Lopndon.
"On April 30 the Fuehrer appointed
Grand Admiral Doenitz his successor.
The grand admiral and successor of
the Fuehrer now speaks to the Ger-
man people."
A speaker identifying himself as
Doenitz then pledged continuance of
the war, declaring:
"It is my first task to save Germany
from destruction by the advancing
bolshevist enemy. For this aim alone
the military struggle continues.
"As far and for so long as achieve-
ment of this aim is impeded by the
English and the Americans, we shall
fight against them as well.
Under such conditions, however,
the Anglo-Americans will continue
the war not for their, own peoples but
solely for the spreading of bolshevism
in Europe."
ilimmler Unmentioned
Neither Doenitz nor the Hamburg
announcer made any mention of
Heinrich Himmler, Gestapo chief who
within the past few days had tried
to surrender Germany to Britain and
the United States but not to Russia,
and had been rebuffed by the west-
ern Allies.
Yet Doenitz' pointing of the strug-
gle against Russia was in line with
Himmler's offer and Nazi propaganda
designed to split the Allies.
Doenitz eulogized Hitler as a man
who had dedicated his life to Ger-
many and to warring against "bol-
shevism," and who now had died a
"hero's death." .
A powerful ghost voice inter-
rupted him, shouting:
"This is a lie!"
The ghost voice continued to
heckle throughout the Doenitz speech.
Death Questioned
Questions immediately arose
throughout the world whether Hitler
actually died in battle against the
Russians who now are near complete
conquest of his ravaged capital,
whether he died in some other man
ncer or w',r"^p-rn as dead at all.
Members of the British Parliament
See HITLER, Page 4
* *
Corn missions
To Start Work
Molotov May Leave
San Francisco Meeting
SAN FRANCISCO, May 1--P)-
The United Nations Conference clear-
ed away details of setting up its
working structure today, and it was
disclosed formally that Soviet For-
eign Commissar Molotov soon may
leave for Moscow.
Secretary of State Stettinius told a
news conference that the steering
and executive committees had ap-
proved chairmanship assignments to
the commissions and committees
which will draft a proposed world
charter designed to guarantee peace.
Only routine approval by the full con-
ference now was needed.
The commissions will start work
tomorrow and the committees by
Thursday at the latest, Stettinius
said.
Stettinius expects Molotov to re-
main until their work is solidly under
way. But he asserted that he never
had anticipated that Molotov would
be able to stay in the United States
for a very long time and that there
is no indication when Molotov will be
able to return.
Ruthven Tea To
Be Held Today
All dental students will be special

RAMPAGING ARMIES THROTTLED CONTINENT:
hitler Devoted Life To Nazi Dream of World Domination

Adolf Hitler's life was devoted to
the conquering of the world in the
name of the German super race
which he invented.
His unbounded ambition was
nearly fulfilled as terrible, efficient
armies succeeded in throttling Eur-
ope from the Spanish border to the
Ukraine, from Africa to northern-
most Norway.
This mustachioed foreigner who
came to Germany from an uncertain
Austrian background rose from an
obscure. hero-worshipping corporal

through the streets to seize the
city by force.
Hitler was imprisoned for a year
during which he wrote, or dictat-
ed his incoherent book, "Mein
Kampf".
Finally, in 1932, he was selected
Chancellor by President Paul von
Hindenburg, the ancient marshal of
Germany's armies in the first World
War.
The once-powerful trade unions
were smashed. The Social Demo-
eratia andC athoni cCnter nartiie

This ended the German problem - of
unemployment. The people were told
that at last they would be avenged
for the Treaty of Versailles.
Hitler began the chain of events
which led to full-scale war by invad-
ing the Rhineland in 1935, thus vio-
lating the Treaty of Locarno.
In Spain, he was in the first work-
ing alliance with his now-dead part-
ner, Benito Mussolini, whose troops
fought for Franco beside the Ger-
mans.
Hitler continued his march of
on--iot i:- .'u nno h, ca pa -min

surprising non-aggression pact with
the Soviet Union.
German troops moved into Poland
on Sept. 1, 1939, and overran the
country in a few days. Great Bri-
tain and France declared war against
the German state.
The long months of waiting in
the "phoney war" began. In April,
1940, the legions of the Nazis bgan
moving again, this time in neutral
Denmark and Norway. On May
10, 1940, the seemingly-invincible
Panzers ripped their way into the
Netherlands and Belgium and by

Union hold its lines at Stalingrad in
1943.
The United States had declared
war on Hitler's Germany after the
attack on Pearl Harbor by the
Japanese. Finally, in 1944, the
last battles began when Americans,
British and Canadians invaded
Normandy and pushed the Nazis
back within their borders.
Hitler's screaming voice was no
longer heard. Rumor after rumor
was heard in 1945 that Hitler had
died. Heinrich Himmler, dread chief
of the rapacious Gestapo, was hand-

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